Academic International Press


China Facts & Figures Annual

Edited by Gary M. Bennett

CHIFFA Contents

 

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Contents of Volume 17 (1992)

ABBREVIATIONS OF TERMS xviii

ABBREVIATIONS OF SOURCES xix

PREFACE xx

I SURVEY 1

Map of Greater China 4

II SUMMARY OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC INDICATORS, 1992 4

  1. China: Statistics 4
  2. China's 1992 Budget and 1991 Financial Accounts 7
  3. Basic Data, 1993 8
  4. Map of China 12

III CHRONOLOGY, 1992 13

IV GOVERNMENT 19

  1. Principle Government Officials, State Council Members, and Ministers, 1992 19
  2. Government Spending as Percent of GDP, 1991 20
  3. Ratio of Government Financial Revenue to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 1980-1989 21
  4. National People's Congress, 1992 21
  5. State Council of the Central Government, 1992 21
  6. State Council Bureaus for Government Operations, 1992 21
  7. Regulations on Management of State Assets, 1992 21
  8. Presidential Decrees, 1992 23
  9. Preferential Tax Policies, 1992 23
  10. New State Council Offices, 1992 23
  11. Third Anniversary of Tiananmen Square, 1992 24
  12. Price Reforms, 1992 24
  13. Taxation Administration Reform Measures, 1992 24
  14. Proposed Tax System, 1992 25
  15. Government Work Report, 1992 25
  16. Reforms for Progress, 1992 26
  17. Beijing and Hong Kong, 1992 26
  18. Nationwide Inventory, 1992 26
  19. Results of 1991 Audit 26
  20. Autonomy for State Enterprises, 1992 26
  21. Government Workers by Province, July 1992 27
  22. Increased Citic Authority, 1992 28
  23. County Government Reforms, 1992 28
  24. Liberalization of Hainan Policy, 1992 28
  25. Legislative Power to Shenzhen, 1992 29
  26. Government Budget Highlights, 1992 29
  27. China's 1992 Budget 30
  28. Final Report on 1991 Budget 30

V PARTY 31

  1. Chinese Communist Party Central Committee Membership, 1992 31
  2. Alternate Members of CCP Central Committee, 1992 32
  3. Members of CCP Central Discipline Inspection Commission, 1992 33
  4. Members of the 14th CCP Congress Presidium, 1992 33
  5. Members of CCP Congress Presidium Standing Committee, 1992 35
  6. Members of CCP Congress Credentials Committee, 1992 35
  7. 14th CCP Central Committee Elects Top Bodies, 1992 35
  8. Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, 1992 36
  9. CCP Membership by Classifications, 1991 36
  10. Party Leadership, 1992 37
  11. Membership in the Central Committee, 1987-1992 38
  12. New Members of the Central Committee by Position, 1992 38
  13. Change in Party Leadership, 1992 38
  14. Politburo Standing Committee, 1992, Brief Biographies 39
  15. Fourteenth Party Congress, 1992 40
  16. Representation at the 14th Party Congress, 1992 41
  17. Politburo Urges Reforms, 1992 41
  18. Party Congress Introduces Market Economy, 1992 41
  19. Party Members, Private Businessmen, 1992 42
  20. Propaganda Department Changes, 1992 42
  21. Deaths of Party Leaders, 1992 42
  22. Zhao's Case Ended, 1992 43

VI INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 43

  1. Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Experts Bureau, 1992 43
  2. Chinese Premier on a New World Order, 1992 43
  3. Chinese Foreign Affairs Minister on World Affairs, 1992 46
  4. UN Secretary-General on China, 1992 50
  5. PRC and Taiwan Between 1987 and 1992 51
  6. Spratly Islands Claim, 1992 51
  7. Spratly Islands, Map 52
  8. China's Views on International Issues, 1992 53
  9. China's Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence 53
  10. UN Vote on Tibet, 1992 53
  11. Disputed Tibetan Borders 54
  12. India and the Dalai Lama, 1992 55
  13. No US POWs in China, 1992 55
  14. Diplomatic Ties and Relationships, 1992 56
  15. China and European Relations, 1992 57
  16. Chinese Undersecretaries-General of the UN 57

VII MILITARY 58

  1. Ministry of National Defense, 1992 58
  2. Heads of PLA Service Arms, 1992 58
  3. Heads of PLA Leadership Organizations, 1992 58
  4. Heads of PLA Military Regions, 1992 58
  5. People's Liberation Army Military Science Agencies, 1992 58
  6. China's Armed Forces, 1992 58
  7. Military Manpower, 1983-1992 61
  8. China's Military Personnel, 1982-1991 61
  9. China's Army Strength, 1982-1991 61
  10. Military System of the People's Republic of China 62
  11. Chinese Naval Strength, 1982-1991 63
  12. China's Air Force Strength, 1982-1991 63
  13. Military Highlights, 1992 63
  14. China's Military Reshuffle, 1992 64
  15. The Chinese Military, 1992 64
  16. Chinese Military Regions and Districts, Map 65
  17. Military Personnel Assignments After the Party Congress, 1992 66
  18. Armed Forces Situation, 1992 68
  19. Army Modernization, 1992 68
  20. Military Technological Progress, 1992 68
  21. Chinese Nuclear Weapons, 1992 68
  22. Chinese Nuclear Weapons Tests 69
  23. China's Nuclear-Capable Delivery Vehicles, 1992 70
  24. Conversion of Defense Related Industry, 1992 71
  25. China's Arms Exports, 1992 72
  26. Abbreviations for Chinese Military Aircraft 72
  27. Comparison of Aircraft Costs, 1992 72
  28. Major Buyers of Chinese Military Aircraft, 1992 73
  29. Chinese Foreign Weapons Procurement, 1992 73
  30. Comparative Combat Unit Sizes, 1992 73
  31. Comparative Defense Spending, 1990 74
  32. New WM-80 Rocket Launcher System, 1992 74
  33. Regulations on Army Logistics Management, 1992 75

VIII POPULATION 85

  1. State Planning Commission, 1992 85
  2. Chinese Population Censuses, 1953-1990 85
  3. Census Results, 1990 85
  4. Asia Population Growth Projections to 2000 86
  5. China's Population by Age and Sex, 1990 87
  6. Labor Force, 1979-1992 87
  7. Percentage Distribution of Labor Force, 1979-1992 88
  8. Provincial Population Data, 1990 88
  9. Asia and China Population Annual Growth Percentage, 1990-1995 89
  10. Sex Ratios of Men and Women Born 1955-1965, China and Selected Places 90
  11. Asia and China Population Growth Estimate 90
  12. Population Growth in China, 1949-1990 91
  13. Sex Ratios at Birth, 1970-1987 91
  14. Asia and China Comparative Population Density, 1992 92
  15. Elderly Population, 1985-2025, China and Selected Countries 92
  16. Chinese Population in Four Western Cities 1987-2000 92
  17. Overseas Chinese, 1992. Commercial Factors. 92
  18. Comparison of Average Monthly Factory Wages, 1991. China and
  19. Asia. 93
  20. Wages Compared to Inflation, 1992 93
  21. Growth of Shanghai Residents' Income, 1992 93
  22. Cash Income of Chinese Rural Households, Jul-Sep 1992 93
  23. Cash Expenditure of Chinese Rural Households, Jul-Sep 1992 94
  24. Private Sector Employment, 1992 94
  25. Employed Females, 1980-1990 94
  26. Female Employment by Sector, 1980-1990 94
  27. New Unemployment Program, 1992
  28. Overseas Labor Service, 1991 95
  29. China's Disabled, 1992 96
  30. FIE Top Labor Issues, 1992 96
  31. Average Monthly Wage of FIE Employees, 1992 96
  32. FIE Wages by Region, 1992 96
  33. FIE Labor Union Activities, 1992 96
  34. Housing Costs, 1992 97
  35. FIE Wage Autonomy, 1992 97
  36. Cost of Building Employee Housing, 1992. Selected Chinese Locations. 97
  37. Chinese Trade Unions, 1992 97
  38. Chinese Labor Force, 1991 97
  39. Percentage Distribution of Uygur Population in Xinjiang Province, 1982 98
  40. Demographic Data for Xinjiang and its 15 Prefectures, 1982 99

IX CITIES AND URBANIZATION 100

  1. China's Urban Living Standards, 1990 100
  2. Beijing City Introduces Commercial Reform Measures, 1992 100
  3. Citic Subsidiaries to Issue Housing Bonds 100
  4. Apartment Sizes, 1992 101
  5. Housing Reform, 1992 101
  6. Garden Villas, 1992 101
  7. Major Cities, 1992, Map 101
  8. Four Border Cities Opened, 1992 102
  9. Chinese Property Offered in Hong Kong, Jan-Jun 1992 102
  10. Shenzhen Property Prices, 1988-1992 103
  11. Guangzhou Property Prices, 1988-1992 104
  12. Map of Property Development Areas Around Guangzhou, 1992 104
  13. Significant Development Projects, 1992 105
  14. Significant Development Loans, 1992 111
  15. Cost of Selected Office Space and Facilities, 1992 112
  16. Shanghai, 1992 115
  17. Shanghai Map, 1992 115
  18. Move to Pudong, 1990-1992 115
  19. Pudong (Shanghai) New Area Map, 1992 116
  20. Real Estate in Yantai, 1992 116
  21. Harbin Development, 1992 116
  22. Qingdao, 1992 116
  23. Qingdao Map, 1992 117
  24. Shenyang, 1992 117
  25. Sheyang, 1992 117
  26. Shijiazhuang Development Zone, 1992 118
  27. Tianjin Municipality Industrial Output, 1992 118
  28. Tianjin Municipality Agricultural Output, 1991 119
  29. Wuhan City, 1992 119
  30. Wuhan, 1992, Map 120
  31. Yangpu (Hainan Island) Development Area Map, 1992 120
  32. Yangpu Development Area, 1992 121
  33. Xian, 1992 121
  34. Jiujiang Zone, 1992 121
  35. Chongging ETDZ, 1992, Map 121
  36. Chongqing (Sichuan) ETDZ, 1992 122
  37. Jamus (Heilongjiang) ETDZ, 1992 122
  38. Fuchun River EDZ, 1992, Map 122

X ECONOMY 123

  1. Government Economic Affairs Agencies and Officials, 1992 123
  2. China's Economy in 1992 123
  3. Major Economic Indicators and Trends, 1991-1993 125
  4. Chinese Economic Statistics, First Half 1992 125
  5. Chinese Economic Statistics, First Three Quarters, 1992 128
  6. China's Economic Reforms and Open-Door Policy, 1978 to 1992 130
  7. China's Debt and Inflation, 1989-1992 130
  8. Economic Growth, 1991-1992 131
  9. Forecast Values of Social Investment, 1992 131
  10. Investment Structure Percentage, 1991-1992 131
  11. Comparative Economic Indicators, 1991-1992, China and Selected Asian Countries 132
  12. Source of Investment Funds, 1990-1992 133
  13. Comparative Business Indicators, 1989-1993 133
  14. China Economic Outlook, 1992-1993 133
  15. Chinese Selected Economic Indicators, 1989-1992 134
  16. Foreign Investment in China, 1983-1992 134
  17. Premier Li Peng on China's Economy in the 1990s 134
  18. Developing Countries GDP Growth, 1982-1992 138
  19. Chinese Economic Forecast, 1992 139
  20. Average Chinese Per Capita GNP, 1980-2000 139
  21. Chinese Retail Sales Growth, Jan 1991-Jan 1992 139
  22. China. Changes in Retail Price and Cost of Living Indexes, 1988-1993 139
  23. China. Export/Import Growth and Trade Balance, 1991-1992 140
  24. China. Industrial Output, Fixed Assets, and Retail Sales Growth, 1991-1992 140
  25. China. Price Indices, 1978-1991 140
  26. China's Money, Output, Prices, and Currency, 1983-1992 141
  27. China. Changes in Price Formation, 1978-1990 141
  28. Comparison of Average Annual National Income Growth of China and Soviet Union, 1950-1990 142
  29. State Wages to be Linked to Economic Efficiency 142
  30. China's Town and Village Enterprises (TVEs), 1992 142
  31. Profile of 20 TVE Joint Ventures in Jiangsu Province, 1992 143
  32. Town and Village Enterprise (TVE) Exports, 1984-1991 143

XI RESOURCES 144

  1. Government Natural Resource Agencies and Officials, 1992 144
  2. China's Major Gas Producing Areas 144
  3. World's Twenty Top Gas Producing Countries, 1991 144
  4. World's Major Gas Reserves, 1992 144
  5. World Leaders in Oil Production and Reserves, 1992 145
  6. Major World Coalbed Resources, 1992 145
  7. Asian Drilling and Production Statistics, 1992 146
  8. Chinese Offshore Exploration and Development Activity, 1982-1992 146
  9. China's Monthly Average Resource Production, 1985-1992 146
  10. Chinese Petroleum Products Monthly Average Production, 1988-1992 147
  11. Chinese Oil Prices, 1974-1992 148
  12. Chinese Import of US Plastics and Resins, 1988-1992 148
  13. Decrease in Chinese Import of US Plastics and Resins, 1989-1992 148
  14. Chinese Import of US Organic Chemicals, 1988-1992 148
  15. Change in Chinese Import of US Organic Chemicals, 1989-1992 148
  16. China's Crude Oil Production and Exports, 1979-1991 148
  17. South China Sea Territorial Disputes Over Resources, Map 149
  18. Oil Dispute with Vietnam, 1992 149
  19. Crude Oil Output of China's Major Production Areas, Jan-Aug 1992 150
  20. Sino-US Oil Project, 1992 150
  21. WAB-21 Area, Map 150
  22. East China Sea Oil, 1992 151
  23. Jidong Oil Field Development, 1988-1992 151
  24. New Oil Field in Xinjiang, 1992 151
  25. Gold Production, 1992 151
  26. China's Methane Recovery Program, 1992 151
  27. China's Coal Industry, 1992 151
  28. Natural Gas for Hainan and Hong Kong 152
  29. Sino-US Oil Study, 1992 152
  30. China's Raw Material Output, Jan-Mar 1992 152
  31. China's Developments in Non-Ferrous Metals, 1992 152
  32. Chinese Output for Ten Non-Ferrous Metals, 1991 153
  33. China's Rare Earth Metals, 1992 153
  34. China's Two-Tier Price System for Raw Materials Abolished, 1992 153
  35. China and Selected Countries Per Capita Water Consumption, 1992 153
  36. China's Drought, 1992 153
  37. China's Water Shortage, 1992 153
  38. Significant Resource Projects, 1992 154
  39. Yellow River Delta, 1992 155
  40. Foreign-Funded Mongolian Irrigation Project, 1992 155
  41. Sketch Map of the Three Gorges Project 156
  42. Three Gorges Project, 1992 157
  43. Map of Inundated Area After Completion of the Three Gorges Project 157
  44. Harnessing the Yangtze, Map of Three Gorges Project 157

XII ENERGY 158

  1. China's Electricity Capacity, 1982-1991 158
  2. Electricity Produced in China, 1982-1991 158
  3. Chinese Per Capita Electricity Production, 1982-1991 158
  4. Government Energy Resource Agencies and Officials, 1992 158
  5. Crude Oil Pipelines in China, 1984-1992 159
  6. Natural Gas Pipelines in China, 1984-1992 159
  7. China's Oil and Gas Production, 1991-1992 159
  8. Dong-Huang Pipeline, Map 160
  9. Stations on Dong-Huang Pipeline 160
  10. Chinese Import of US Nuclear Reactor Equipment and Parts, 1988-1992 161
  11. Change in Chinese Import of US Nuclear Reactor Equipment and Parts, 1989-1992 161
  12. Energy Per Unit of Chinese GDP, 1980-2000 162
  13. Selected Nations Comparative Energy Use Increase, 1979-1989 162
  14. Chinese Nuclear Energy Outlook, 1992 162
  15. China Building Nuclear Plant for Iran, 1992 162
  16. China's First Commercial Nuclear Reactor, 1992 162
  17. Chinese Fuel for Foreign Shipping, 1992 163
  18. Henan Power Plant Expansion, 1992 163
  19. Sino-HK Power Company Established, 1992 163
  20. Power Generation Projects, 1992 163
  21. China's Electric Power Outlook, 1992 163
  22. Chinese Coal Industry Future, 1992 163
  23. Significant Energy Projects, 1992 164
  24. Significant Energy Loans, 1992 165
  25. Windpower in China, 1992 166
  26. Hydropower in China, 1992 166
  27. Yunnan Hydropower Station Opened, 1992 166
  28. Hydroelectricity in Yunnan, 1992 166

XIII INDUSTRY 167

  1. Government Industry Agencies and Officials, 1992 167
  2. Selected Products, Average Monthly Production, 1985-1992 167
  3. Shift in Chinese Industrial Output, 1981-2000 168
  4. Chinese Import of US Iron and Steel Products, 1988-1992 168
  5. Increase in Chinese Import of US Iron and Steel Products, 1989-1992 168
  6. Chinese Import of US Manmade Fiber, Yarn, and Woven Fabric, 1988-1992 168
  7. Increase in Chinese Import of US Manmade Fiber, Yarn, and Woven Fabric, 1989-1992 169
  8. Chinese Import of US Paper and Paperboard, 1988-1992 169
  9. Increase in Chinese Import of US Paper and Paperboard, 1989-1992 169
  10. Chinese Import of US Wood and Wood Articles, 1988-1992 170
  11. Decrease in Chinese Import of US Wood and Wood Articles, 1989-1992 170
  12. Chinese Import of US Electrical Equipment, 1988-1992 170
  13. Increase in Chinese Import of US Electrical Equipment, 1989-1992 171
  14. Chinese Import of US Cotton Yarn and Fabric, 1988-1992 171
  15. Increase in Chinese Import of US Cotton Yarn and Fabric, 1989-1992 171
  16. Major Chinese Industrial Output, 1991 172
  17. Utilization Rate of Chinese Production Capacity, 1990 172
  18. Output of Chinese Light Industry, Jan-Mar 1992 172
  19. China's Light Industrial Sales by Area, Jan-Mar 1992 173
  20. China Industrial Sales by Area, Jan-Mar 1992 174
  21. Chinese Industrial Output, Selected Cities, Jan-Mar 1992 175
  22. Chinese Light Industrial Output by Area, Jan-Mar 1992 175
  23. Chinese Chemical Products, Jan-Mar 1992 176
  24. Chinese Industrial Output Value by Area, Jan-Jun 1992 176
  25. Chinese Gross Industrial Output, Jan-Jun 1992 177
  26. Chinese Light Industrial Output by Area, Jan-Jun 1992 177
  27. Chinese Mechano-Electronic Product Output, Jan-Jun 1992 178
  28. Chinese Raw Materials Output, Jan-Jun 1992 179
  29. Chinese Textile Output, Jan-Jun 1992 179
  30. Chinese Light Industrial Output by Area, Jan-Sep 1992 179
  31. Chinese Main Chemical Products, Jan-Sep 1992 180
  32. Chinese Mechano-Electronic Products, Jan-Sep 1992 181
  33. Industrial Values by Area in China, Jan-Sep 1992 181
  34. China's Labor Productivity Statistics, May 1992 182
  35. Chinese Employees Under Labor Contract System, 1991 183
  36. China's Top 50 Industrial Enterprises, 1991 184
  37. Percentage of Civilian Output of the Chinese Defense Industry, 1979-1995 185
  38. China's Defense Industry, 1992 185
  39. Chinese Enterprise Groups, 1992 185
  40. Enterprise Groups in China, 1992 186
  41. Top Foreign-Funded Industrial Enterprises in China, 1992 187
  42. Highlights of Foreign Industrial Activity in China, 1992 187
  43. Chinatron, 1992 189
  44. Canadian Standards Association in China, 1992 189
  45. Chinatron Corporate Organization, 1992 190
  46. Significant Industrial Projects, 1992 191
  47. Significant Industrial Loans, 1992 201
  48. Proposed Chinese Cooperative Projects for 1992 203
  49. Standards System for Motor Vehicles, 1992 208
  50. China, World's Leading Electric Locomotive Producer, 1992 208

XIV AGRICULTURE 208

  1. Ministry of Agriculture, 1992 208
  2. Percentage Increase in Chinese Agricultural Production, 1986-1990 208
  3. Percentage Increase in Chinese Agricultural Prices, 1986-1990 208
  4. Chinese Import of US Fertilizer, 1988-1992 209
  5. Increase in Chinese Import of US Fertilizer, 1989-1992 209
  6. Chemical Fertilizer Applied in China, 1988-1991 209
  7. Chinese Import of US Cereals, 1988-1992 210
  8. Change in Chinese Import of US Cereals, 1989-1992 210
  9. China's Grain Prices, 1966-1992 210
  10. Prices for Grain in China, 1978-1990 211
  11. Prices for Cotton and Grain in China, 1980-1992 211
  12. China's Nonstaple Foods Output, 1991 211
  13. China's Grain Harvest, 1992 212
  14. Meat in China, 1991 212
  15. Tractors in China, 1988-1991 212
  16. Disease-Resistant Triticale Developed in China, 1992 212
  17. Permitted Sponsors of Wholesale Markets in China, 1992 212
  18. Selected Chinese Wholesale Markets, 1990 212
  19. Comparison of Selected Chinese Wholesale Market Prices, 1990 213
  20. Chinese Farmer's Response to Reform, 1992 213
  21. UNDP Help for China's Agriculture, 1992 213
  22. Significant Agricultural Projects, 1992 214
  23. Significant Agricultural Loans, 1992 214
  24. Investment in Chinese Seed Projects, 1992 215
  25. World's Largest Prawn Breeding Farm in China 215
  26. Chinese Increase in Grain Imports, 1992 215
  27. Desert Manors in China, 1992 215

XV TRANSPORTATION 215

  1. Government Transportation Agencies and Officials, 1992 215
  2. Electric Railroad Track in China, 1985-1992 216
  3. Highways and Roads in China, 1987-1992 216
  4. Unimproved Roads and Cart Paths in China, 1985-1992 216
  5. Chinese Merchant Ships, 1990-1992 217
  6. Chinese Merchant Ships by Type, 1990-1992 217
  7. Chinese Shipbuilding, 1985-1992 217
  8. Chinese Import of US Vehicles and Parts, 1988-1992 218
  9. Increase in Chinese Import of US Vehicles and Parts, 1989-1992 218
  10. Chinese Import of US Aircraft and Parts, 1988-1992 218
  11. Increase in Chinese Import of US Aircraft and Parts, 1988-1992 219
  12. Chinese Maritime Law, 1992 219
  13. Chinese Regulations Governing Supervision of International Cargo Transportation Agents, 1992 253
  14. Chinese International Cargo Transportation Agencies, 1992 256
  15. New Eurasian Container Transport Corridor, 1992 263
  16. New Eurasian Container Corridor Map, 1992 264
  17. Hong Kong's Link to Central China (Map), 1992 264
  18. Xinjiang Transportation Improvement, 1992 264
  19. Highway to Mongolia Opened, 1992 265
  20. New Roads in Guangdong, 1992, Map 265
  21. New Hong Kong Airport, 1992 265
  22. China's New Air Gateways, 1992-1997 265
  23. New Northwest Airline Service, 1992 266
  24. Certification of First Farm, Forest Aircraft in China, 1992 266
  25. Chinese Passenger Aircraft Sale to US, 1992 266
  26. Fifth Chinese Airliner Crash in 1992 266
  27. New Hong Kong Airport Railroad Route, 1992, Map 267
  28. Yak-42 Flights Suspended in China, 1992 267
  29. Primary Routes in South China, 1992, Map 268
  30. Chinese Computer Controlled Ice-breaker, 1992 268
  31. Plans for Chinese Supertrains, 1992 268
  32. Future Fuzhou-Xiamen Bullet Train 269
  33. Fuyang Railroad Connections, 1992, Map 269
  34. Jiangxi Port Construction, 1992 269
  35. Lianyungang Harbor Map, 1992 269
  36. Lianyungang Harbor, 1992 270
  37. Open Ports on the Changjiang River, 1992 270
  38. Trading Ports Opened in Jiamus, 1992 270
  39. Asian Development Bank Yangpu Bridge Loan, 1992 270
  40. Significant Transportation Projects, 1992 271
  41. Significant Transportation Loans, 1992 273

XVI COMMUNICATIONS 274

  1. Government Communications Officials, 1992 274
  2. Significant Communications Projects, 1992 274
  3. Telecommunications Options in China, 1992 276
  4. Telecommunications in China, 1992 277
  5. Telephone Service in China, 1992 277
  6. China's Telecommunications Network Capacity and Telephones, 1992 277
  7. Installation Fees for Residential Telephones in China, 1992 277
  8. China's Future Communications Satellite, Four Potential Configurations 278
  9. Basic Features of Potential Chinese Satellite Configurations 278
  10. Comparison of Advantages and Disadvantages of Potential Chinese Satellite Configurations 278
  11. Payload Performance of Potential Chinese Satellite Configurations 279
  12. Overall Comparison of Potential Chinese Satellite Configurations 279
  13. New Hardware Required for Potential Chinese Satellite Configurations 279
  14. Reaching the Chinese Consumer by Media, 1992 279
  15. Chinese Media Advertising Rates, 1992 280
  16. Chinese Outdoor Advertising Rates, 1992 281

XVII TOURISM 281

  1. National Tourism Administration, 1992 281
  2. Chinese Tourism, 1986-1990 281
  3. Chinese Tourism Expenditures and Receipts, 1986-1990 281
  4. China's World Ranking in Tourism, 1985-1990 282
  5. Chinese Passport Rules Changed, 1992 282
  6. Regulations for Chinese Citizens Visiting Taiwan, 1992 282
  7. New Provisions on Chinese Customs Declaration, 1992 282
  8. Hotel Occupancy in Beijing, 1989 and 1990 285
  9. China's Hotel Boom, 1978-1990 285
  10. Hotels in China, 1992 285
  11. Development of Chinese National Tourist Resorts, 1992 285
  12. Significant Tourism Projects, 1992 286
  13. Henan's Tourist Areas, 1992 287
  14. Shenzhen Tourist Investment, 1992 288
  15. China Building Hunting Ground, 1992 288
  16. Tourists in Beijing, 1992 288
  17. Chinese Tourism, 1992 288
  18. Sight-Seeing Year in China, 1992 288
  19. Shanghai Tourist Zone, 1992 288
  20. Jining City Tourism, 1992 289
  21. Tourists in Mao's Hometown, 1991 289
  22. Three Gorges Tourism, 1992 289
  23. Sino-British Tourism, 1991 289
  24. French Tours to China, 1991 289
  25. New China Tourist Airline, 1992 289

XVIII FOREIGN TRADE 290

  1. Government Foreign Economic Relations Agencies and Officials, 1992 290
  2. Chinese Imports and Exports, 1985-1992 290
  3. China and Other Asia Imports and Exports, 1981-1992 290
  4. China's Import and Export Highlights, 1992 290
  5. China's Foreign Trade, 1989-1991 291
  6. China's Pattern of Foreign Trade, Jan-Jun 1992 291
  7. China's Major Import Commodities in Volume and Value, Jan-Jun 1992 295
  8. China's Major Export Commodities in Volume and Value, Jan-Jun 1992 299
  9. China's Indirect Trade Via Hong Kong, 1988-1992 304
  10. Major Items Traded Between China and Other Countries Via Hong Kong Jan-Jun 1992 305
  11. China's Latin American Exports, Jan-Mar 1992-1992 307
  12. China's African Exports, Jan-Mar 1991-1992 308
  13. China's African Imports, Jan-Mar 1991-1992 308
  14. China's EC Imports, Jan-Mar 1991-1992 309
  15. China's Import from Non-EC, Non-EFTA Countries, Jan-Jun 1991-1992 309
  16. China's Import from EFTA Countries, Jan-Jun 1991-1992 310
  17. China's Exports to EC Countries, Jan-Jun 1991-1992 310
  18. China's Exports to Non-EC, Non-EFTA Countries, Jan-Jun 1991-1992 311
  19. China's Exports to EFTA Countries, Jan-Jun 1991-1992 311
  20. China's Exports to North American and Oceanian Countries, Jan-Jun 1991-1992 311
  21. Total Value of China's Foreign Trade, Jan-Jun 1991-1992 312
  22. China's North American, Oceanian Countries Imports, Jan-Jun 1991-1992 312
  23. China's Imports and Exports, 1982-1991 313
  24. China's Quarterly Trade Balance, 1989-1991 313
  25. US-China Trade, 1991 313
  26. Hong Kong's Export Trade, 1986-1991 314
  27. COCOM-US Export Policy for China, 1983-1992 314
  28. China's Foreign Trade Reform, 1991 315
  29. US Imports from China, 1980-1990 316
  30. US Exports to China, 1980-1990 322
  31. Chinese Foreign Investment Regulations, 1992 328
  32. China's Market-Opening Steps, 1992 328
  33. China's Import Regulation Tax Revoked, 1992 329
  34. China's Certificates for Export Toys, 1992 330
  35. No US Tariff Increase for China, 1992 330
  36. US and Most Favored Nation (MFN) Status for China, 1992 330
  37. China Sees Trade Deficit, Surplus, 1991 330
  38. China's Revenue and Expenditure Favorable in 1991 330
  39. US Export Controls for Taiwan, Hong Kong, PRC, 1992 331
  40. Redesignation of MOFERT Personnel Offices, 1991 332
  41. Locations of MOFERT Personnel Offices, 1991 333
  42. Hong Kong Offices Established by Chinese Provinces, Municipalities, and Autonomous Regions, 1992 333
  43. Offices of Ministries and Commissions of the State Council in Hong Kong, 1992 334
  44. China's National Foreign Exchange Market, 1992 335
  45. Chinese Technology Imports, 1991-1995 335
  46. Sino-Israel Trade, Jan-Sep 1992 335
  47. China's Trade with South Korea, 1990-1992 336
  48. Taiwan Investment in China, 1989-1992 336
  49. Taiwan-China Trade Through Hong Kong, 1987-1991 337
  50. Thai Investment in China, 1992 337
  51. Mongolian Border Cities Open, 1992 337
  52. Xinjiang's Foreign Trade, 1992 337
  53. Zhamu Foreign Trade, 1992 337
  54. Hekou County Trade, 1992 337
  55. China, Australia Trade, 1991 338
  56. Henan's Foreign Trade Institutions, 1992 338
  57. Canton Trade Fair, 1992 339
  58. Major Trade Fairs and Exhibitions in China, 1992 339

XIX STATE BUDGET, FINANCE, AND SECURITIES 343

  1. Government Budget and Finance Agencies and Officials, 1992 343
  2. People's Republic of China Financial Data, 1985-1992 344
  3. Composition of China's National Debt, 1992 350
  4. China's Current Account Balances, 1987-1993 352
  5. Cumulative Bank Lending to People's Republic of China, 1991 352
  6. China's Monetary Picture, 1987-1992 352
  7. Structure of China's Bank Assets and Liabilities, 1978-1991 353
  8. Chinese Personal Savings, 1987-1992 353
  9. China's Gold and Non-Gold Reserves, 1991-1992 353
  10. China's Exchange Rates, 1987-1992 354
  11. China's Money Supply, 1985-1991 354
  12. China's International Reserves Minus Gold, 1985-1991 354
  13. China's Gold Reserves, 1985-1991 354
  14. China's Exchange Rates in Selected Locations, Sep 1992 355
  15. Foreign Bank Branches in China, 1992 356
  16. Syndicated Loans for China, 1988 and 1991 356
  17. Origins of Syndicated Loans for China, 1988 and 1991 357
  18. China's Cash Policy, 1992 358
  19. Debt Defaults Among Chinese Enterprises, 1992 358
  20. Asian Development Bank (ADB) in China, 1992 358
  21. World Bank Loans to China, 1992 358
  22. Foreign Investment in China, 1992 359
  23. Organizational Diagram of Chinese Securities Administration, 1992 359
  24. Chinese Stock Market Development, 1984-1992 360
  25. China's Stock Markets, 1992 360
  26. China's B Shares, 1992 360
  27. Shenzhen Type B Shares Buying and Selling Process, 1992 361
  28. Background on China's Stock Exchanges 362
  29. China's Stock Exchanges, 1992 363
  30. All China B-Share Index 363
  31. Shanghai B-Share Index 363
  32. Shenzhen B-Share Index 364
  33. Shenzhen B Share Authorized Agents 364
  34. Shanghai B Share Authorized Agents 364
  35. Shenzhen and Shanghai B Shares Issuance Table 365
  36. Proposed New Stock Issues in Shanghai, 1992 366

XX SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 367

  1. Government Science and Technology Organizations, 1992 367
  2. China's Scientific Plan, 1992 367
  3. Chinese Import of US Scientific and Surgical Instruments, 1988-1992 367
  4. Change in Chinese Import of US Scientific and Surgical Instruments, 1989-1992 367
  5. Distribution of China's Scientific Research Topics According to Source, 1990 368
  6. Completed Chinese Research and Development Projects, by Recipient, 1990 368
  7. Age Distribution of China's R & D Personnel, 1990 368
  8. Satisfaction of Personnel Regarding China's R & D System Reform, 1990 368
  9. Opinion on Effects of Aging Instruments and Equipment and Other Problems in China's R & D, 1990 368
  10. Evaluation of Chinese Management System Reform Measures by Management Personnel, 1990 369
  11. Evaluation of Chinese Management System Reform Measures by Scientific Research Personnel, 1990 369
  12. Factors Restricting China's R & D Personnel in Playing Their Role, 1990 370
  13. Chinese Scientific Honors, 1992 370
  14. Chinese Emphasis on Technology Conversion, 1992 370
  15. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 1992 370
  16. Technology in Shanghai, 1992 370
  17. China's Software Standard, 1992 371
  18. Chinese Supercomputer, 1992 371
  19. Chinese Anti-Virus Computer Card, 1992 371
  20. History of Satellites, Launches 371
  21. Aussat I Launch, 1992 371
  22. Chinese Nuclear Test Reveals Details of Earth's Interior, 1992 371
  23. Diagram of Chinese Nuclear Test, 1992 372

XXI ENVIRONMENT 372

  1. Government Environmental Agencies, 1992 372
  2. Party Report on China's Environment, 1992 372
  3. Map of Cross-Boundary Protected Areas in the Himalayas 376
  4. Map of Tibet's Nature Preserve and National Parks 377
  5. Nature Reserve Areas in China 377
  6. China Builds Nature Reserves, 1992 378
  7. China's Environmental Protection Contracts, 1992 378
  8. Wildlife Protection in China, 1992 378
  9. Panda Protection in China, 1992 378
  10. China to have Green Coastline by 2010 379
  11. Chinese Awareness of Ecology Problems, 1992 379
  12. China's Impact on the Environment, 1989 379
  13. Coal, Growth, Pollution in China, 1992 379
  14. ADB Environmental Loan, 1992 379

XXII REGIONAL 380

  1. Provincial Level Party Organizations, 1992 380
  2. Provincial Map of China 380
  3. Vice-Premier Zou Jiahua on China's Plans to Establish Seven Economic Regions, 1992 381
  4. Map of China's Economic Regions, 1992 383
  5. China's Special Economic Zones, 1992 384
  6. China's Ten Major Economic Areas, 1992 384
  7. China's Principle Coastal Cities, 1992 385
  8. Map of China's Special Economic Zones 387
  9. Map of China's Principle Coastal Cities, 1992 388
  10. China, Regional Investment in Fixed Assets, 1991 388
  11. China, Regional Year End Balance of Bank Loans, 1991 389
  12. China, Regional Salaries and Wages, 1991 390
  13. China, Regional Industrial Labor Productivity, 1991 390
  14. China, Regional Rate of Decrease of Costs of Comparable Industrial Products, 1991 391
  15. China, Regional Profits and Taxes from Sale of Industrial Goods, 1991 391
  16. China, Regional Profit and Tax Rate of Industrial Capital, 1991 392
  17. China, Regional Energy Consumption, 1991 392
  18. Plans for Selected Chinese Provinces, 1992 393
  19. Selected Chinese Municipal and Province Policies, 1992 395
  20. Yangtze River Valley, 1992 400
  21. Tibet Development Foundation, 1992 400
  22. Yangpu Economic Development Zone (YEDZ) Policy, 1992. Office of the YEDZ 400
  23. Guangdong Master Plan, 1992 404
  24. Hainan Land Sale, 1992 404
  25. Hebei Province, 1992, Map 405
  26. Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, 1992, Map 405
  27. Henan's Preferential Policies, 1992 406
  28. Henan Province, 1992, Map 406
  29. Jiangxi Province, 1992 406
  30. Industrial Output, Sales, Stocks on Hand, and Economic Returns During January in Shanxi Province, 1992 407
  31. Zhejiang Province, 1992 410
  32. Zhejiang Province, 1992, Map 410
  33. Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone (Pudong, Shanghai), 1992 410
  34. Map of Zhuhai, 1992 411
  35. Sichuan Agricultural Statistics, 1991 411
  36. Sichuan Industrial Production, 1991 412
  37. Inner Mongolia Agricultural Statistics, 1991 412
  38. Inner Mongolia Industrial Production, 1991 413
  39. Hebei Province, 1992, Map 414
  40. Shandong Agricultural Statistics, 1992 415
  41. Shandong Industrial Production, 1991 415
  42. Jilin Agricultural Statistics, 1991 416
  43. Jilin Industrial Production, 1991 417
  44. Heilongjiang Agricultural Statistics, 1991 418
  45. Heilongjiang Industrial Production, 1991 418
  46. Tumen Economic Development Area, 1992, Map 419
  47. Heilongjiang Province, 1992, Map 420
  48. Tumen River Delta, 1992 420
  49. New Cities Opened by CPC, 1992 420
  50. Hong Kong Product Composition of Export and Re-Export Trade with China, 1985-1991 420
  51. Hong Kong's Export Trade Flows, 1991 421
  52. Hong Kong, Re-Exports from China to the US, 1988-1991 422
  53. Hong Kong, Exports to the US and China, 1983-1992 422

XXIII HEALTH AND MEDICINE 423

  1. Government Medicine and Health Agencies and Officials, 1992 423
  2. China's Health Care Resources, 1975-1989 423
  3. China's Doctors, 1988-1991 423
  4. Percentage Increase in China's Doctors, 1988-1991 423
  5. China's Nurses, 1988-1991 423
  6. Percentage Change in China's Nurses, 1988-1991 424
  7. Hospital Beds in China, 1988-1991 424
  8. Percentage Increase in China's Hospital Beds, 1988-1991 424
  9. Infant Mortality in China, 1989-1992 424
  10. Decline in Chinese Fertility, 1950-1990 424
  11. Birth Rate in China, 1987-1992 425
  12. Death Rate in China, 1987-1992 425
  13. IUD Insertions, Sterilizations, and Abortions in China, 1971-1989 425
  14. China's Abortion Ratios by Province, 1989 425
  15. Human Plague in China, 1979-1991 426
  16. Coronary Heart Disease Treatment in China, 1992 426
  17. Traditional Chinese Medicine, 1992 426
  18. Traditional Chinese Medicine Center, 1992 427
  19. Chinese Law on Prevention of Infectious Diseases, 1992 427
  20. Genetically Engineered Hepatitis Vaccine in China, 1992 427
  21. Venereal Disease in China, 1992 427
  22. Incidence of Gonorrhea in China by Province, 1992 427
  23. Chinese Computer Aided Drug Design System, 1992 427
  24. Genetically Engineered Viral Protein Gene Synthesized in China, 1992 428
  25. Chinese Blood Therapy for Altitude Sickness, 1992 428
  26. China's First Aids Drug Development Center Established in Lianyungang, 1992 428
  27. Database on Traditional Chinese Medicine Created, 1992 428
  28. Merck Manual Published in Chinese, 1992 428
  29. Chinese Specialist Combats Piles, 1992 429
  30. TB Cured with Traditional Recipe in China, 1992 429
  31. New Drug Addiction Therapy in China, 1992 429

XXIV EDUCATION 429

  1. Government Education Agencies and Officials, 1992 429
  2. Educational Levels Per 100,000, 1990 430
  3. Schools and School Enrollment in China, 1975-1989 430
  4. Chinese Female Advanced Education, 1980-1990 431
  5. Chinese Female University and Special Secondary School Graduates, 1980-1990 432
  6. China's School Dropouts, 1992 432
  7. Educating Criminals in China, 1992 432
  8. Service Centers for Overseas Chinese Students, 1992 432
  9. Major Foreign Management Programs in China, 1992 433
  10. State Education Commission (SEC) University Trial MBA Curriculum, 1992 433
  11. China-Europe Management Institute (CEMI) MBA Curriculum, 1992 434
  12. Shanghai Policy on Returning Students, 1992 434
  13. China's Overseas Students Welcome Home, 1992 434
  14. Chinese College Students Pay Own Tuition, 1992 434
  15. Changes in China's Management Training, 1992 435

XXV LAW AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE 435

  1. Central Judicial System Officials, 1992 435
  2. Government Law, Criminal Justice, and Security Agencies and Officials, 1992 435
  3. Organizational System of the People's Courts of the PRC 435
  4. Judicial Appointments, Dismissals, 1992 436
  5. China Joins Universal Copyright Convention, 1992 436
  6. Changes in China's Patent Law, 1992 436
  7. Registration of Company Names in China, 1992 437
  8. Legal Reforms for Foreign Investment in China, 1992 437
  9. China's Law on Territorial Waters Passed, 1992 438
  10. Chinese Farmers' Opinion of Legal System, 1992 438
  11. Shanghai Customs Service Activity, 1991 439
  12. China's Legal Service Reforms, 1992 439
  13. Criminal Reform Program in China, 1992 439
  14. Foreign Legal Firms Approved for China, 1992 439
  15. Narcotics in China, 1991 439
  16. Illegal Imitations Destroyed in China, 1992 440
  17. Crackdown on Fake Trademarks in China, 1992 440
  18. Homosexuality Treated as a Crime in China, 1992 440
  19. Torture Punished, 1992 440

XXVI CULTURE 440

  1. Government Cultural Officials, 1992 440
  2. China's Ethnic Minorities, 1990 440
  3. China's Ethnic Minority Groups, 1964, 1982, and 1990 442
  4. Relics Protection in China, 1992 442
  5. The Administration of Minorities Work in China 443
  6. Nationality Programs in China, 1992 443
  7. New Regulations for Chinese Publishers, 1992 444
  8. Chinese Government Film Awards for 1991 444
  9. Chinese Census Age Determining Reference Table, 1992 445
  10. Three Systems Used in Chinese Census for Determining Year of Birth 446
  11. Seventeenth Living Buddha Enthroned in Tibet, 1992 447
  12. Mysterious Chinese Women's Language, 1992 447
  13. The Great Encyclopedia of China, 1992 447
  14. Encyclopedia of Beijing Published, 1992 447

XXVII SPORTS 448

  1. Government Sports Officials, 1992 448
  2. Chinese in 1992 Olympics 448
  3. Beijing Bids for Olympics in 2000 449
  4. Beijing to be Clean for 2000 Olympics 449
  5. China's Performance in World Junior Athletics Championships, 1992 449

XXVIII SOCIETY 450

  1. Government Social Issue Agencies and Officials, 1992 450
  2. Per Capita Income and Expenditures in China by Income Group, 1990 450
  3. Per Capita Income and Expenditures in China by Income Level, 1990 450
  4. Income Distribution in China, 1978-1991 450
  5. Working-Age Population in China, 1953-1990 451
  6. Chinese Professional Pay, 1985-1990 451
  7. Savings Accounts by Income Level in China, 1990 451
  8. Ratio of Accumulation and Citizen Savings to GNP in China, 1979-1989 452
  9. Ratio of Chinese Labor Compensation to GNP and National Income, 1955-1990 452
  10. Labor Productivity in Chinese Industrial Enterprises, 1978-1990 453
  11. China's National Living Standards, 1992 453
  12. International Comparison of China's Standards for Comfortable Living, 1992 454
  13. Cost of Living in China, 1992 454
  14. China's Fastest Moving Goods, 1992 456
  15. China's Score on Civil Rights 456
  16. China's Score on Political Freedom, 1992 456
  17. China's Population, Economic and Human Development, Quality of Life, 1988-2000 457
  18. China's Ranking on International Human-Suffering Index, 1992 457
  19. China's Aging Population and its Cost, 1990-2000 458
  20. Report on Sex Problems in China, 1992 458
  21. Six Day Workweek Abolished in China, 1992 458
  22. Chinese Teenage Suicide, 1992 459
  23. Early Marriages in China, 1982-1990 459
  24. Chinese with Second Jobs, 1992 459
  25. Cost of Living Versus Appearances in China, 1992 459
  26. Chinese Optimistic About Their Future, 1992 460
  27. Christianity in China, 1992 460
  28. Chinese Justice Minister's Speech on Criminal Reform, 1992 460

 

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