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China Facts & Figures Annual

Edited by Gary M. Bennett

CHIFFA Contents

 

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Contents of Volume 19 (1994)

ABBREVIATIONS OF TERMS

ABBREVIATIONS OF SOURCES

I SURVEY

Map of China

II SUMMARY OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC INDICATORS, 1994

  1. China Basic Statistics, 1994 3
  2. China's Statistical Survey, 1993 5
  3. China Directory, 1993 12

III CHRONOLOGY, 1994

IV GOVERNMENT

  1. Unemployment Insurance, 1993 49
  2. New Working Hours, 1994 49
  3. Regulations on Accounting Software Management, 1993 49
  4. Taxes Canceled, 1994 52
  5. Regulations on Enterprise Taxation Issued, 1993 52
  6. Tax-Sharing System to Boost Central Power, 1994 54
  7. State Council Approves Canceling More Fees, 1993 56

V PARTY

  1. Leadership of the PRC, 1994 58
  2. Call for "Spiritual Purity", 1994 77
  3. Jian Zemin Addresses CPC Third Plenum, 1994 78
  4. Party Promotions, 1994 83
  5. Party States Concern Over Secret Societies, 1994 83
  6. Freer Society, 1992 84
  7. Beijing Secretary Attends Forum on Mao's Birth, 1993 84
  8. More Balanced Media Reporting, 1994 90
  9. PRC Official on Prospects for Cross-Strait Ties, 1993 90
  10. Jiang Zemin Speech, 1994 92
  11. Li Ruihuan Speech at CPPCC Closing Session, 1994 92
  12. Propaganda Cadres Transfer, 1993 95
  13. New Officials of CPPCC, 1994 96

VI INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

  1. International Business Agreements,1994 96
  2. Nepal Hydropower Project Repaired, 1993 104
  3. "INMARSAT" Meeting, 1994 104
  4. Russian Border Trade Zone, 1994 104
  5. Kazakhstan Boundary Agreement, 1994 105
  6. US Consulate in Tibet, 1993 105
  7. Sino-United States Ties, 1994 105
  8. Human Rights Commission Meeting, 1994 105
  9. Joint Statement With Azerbaijan, 1994 105

VII MILITARY

  1. China's Total Military Capability, 1993 106
  2. China's Air Force Strength, 1982-1993 109
  3. Chinese Naval Strength, 1982-1993 109
  4. China's Army Strength, 1982-1993 109
  5. China's Military Personnel, 1982-1993 110
  6. Military Manpower, 1983-1993 110
  7. Designations of Chinese Aircraft, 1994 110
  8. China's Nuclear Capable Delivery Vehicles, 1993 111
  9. China's Chief Officers of the Seven Military Regions, 1994 111
  10. Purchase of F-16's, 1994 112
  11. Burma Squadron, 1994 112
  12. Chinese Military Regions and Districts Map 113
  13. Border Talks at Impasse, 1994 114
  14. Rioting Soldiers, 1994 114
  15. Wage reform, 1994 114
  16. Youth Military Enlistment, 1993 114
  17. Resolution Stresses Discipline in Army, 1994 115
  18. New Identity Certificates, 1994 115

VIII POPULATION

  1. Overall Population Growth, 1982-1993 115
  2. Moving Population, 1994 116
  3. APPD Meeting, 1994 116
  4. Birth Rate, 1993 117
  5. Marriage Registration Regulations,1994 117
  6. Legal Fights for "Overseas Chinese", 1994 119

IX CITIES AND URBANIZATION

  1. New Cities Emerge in China, 1994 120
  2. Coastal Urbanization of Eastern China, 1994 121
  3. Urban Land Use in China's Large Coastal Cities, 1994 121
  4. City Agglomerates in China's Coastal Region, 1994 122
  5. Population and Land Use Comparison of Wai, Guan Yuan and Chao-Nei, 1994 122
  6. Housing Reform Policies, 1994 122
  7. Beijing's Population Growth Planning, 1994 123
  8. Migrant Workers, 1994 123
  9. Projects in Phase I of Beijing's Renewal Program, 1993 124
  10. Nanjing and Jiangsu Facts, 1994 125
  11. Sichuan Facts, 1994 125
  12. Nanning Facts, 1994 126
  13. Road Network in Old City of Haikou, 1994 127
  14. Nanning Railroads and Roads, 1994 128
  15. Rail Transit System in Pudong and Puxi of Shanghai, 1994 128
  16. Cheng and Chongquing Roads and Railways, 1994 129
  17. Shanghai Traffic and Freight Statistics, 1994 130
  18. Indicators of Household Income and Expenditure by 35 Cities, 1994 130
  19. Household Consumer Price Index of 35 Cities, 1994 131
  20. Living Expenditure of Households of 35 Cities I, 1994 132
  21. Living Expenditure of Households of 35 Cities, II, 1994 132
  22. Living Expenditure of Households of 35 Cities III, 1994 133

X ECONOMY

  1. Economic Structure, 1989-1993 134
  2. Misreported Statistics, 1994 135
  3. GDP Increases, 1993 136
  4. Shanghai GNP Rises, 1993 136
  5. Jiangsu Enterprises Grow, 1993 136
  6. Retail Venture, 1994 137
  7. Shareholding Companies in Beijing, 1994 137
  8. Convertibility of Renminbi, 1994 137
  9. Modern Enterprise System, 1994 143
  10. Lecture Series on Economic Reforms, 1994 149

XI RESOURCES

  1. World Ranking for Industrial and Agricultural Output, 1950-1993 158
  2. Output of Major Industrial and Agricultural Products, 1952, 1978, 1993 158
  3. Industrial, Agricultural Output Comparison, 1994 159
  4. Aerial Seeding in Gansu, 1994 160
  5. Farmers Run Coal Mines, 1994 160
  6. Gold Sales Plummet, 1993 160
  7. Mineral Resources Fee, 1994 160
  8. Mineral Resources Compensation Fee Rates, 1994 161
  9. Forestry Loans, 1994 161
  10. Water Conservation Measures, 1994 162
  11. South to North Water Projects Map, 1994 162
  12. South to North Water Projects, 1994 163
  13. Dams, Irrigation Areas and Coal Fired Power Plants on the Yellow River, 1994 163
  14. Drilling Stable, 1994 163
  15. Oil Exploration, 1994 163

XII ENERGY

  1. China's Energy Use by Sector, 1994 164
  2. China's Energy Use by Sector Chart, 1994 164
  3. Electricity Production Behind Demand, 1994 165
  4. Proposed Joint Venture Power Stations in China, 1994 165
  5. Three Gorges Dam Diary and Map, 1994 166
  6. Power-Generation Capacity, 1993 166
  7. New Electronic Power Sources, 1993 166
  8. Nuclear Power Plant, 1994 166
  9. Power Plants in Shandong, 1994 167
  10. Power Station Aids Three Gorges, 1994 167
  11. Boilers Imported, 1994 167
  12. China's Refined Products Output, 1983-1993 168
  13. China Product Exports, 1994 168
  14. China Product Imports, 1994 169
  15. China's Ethylene Projects Completed by 2000, 1994 169
  16. China's Ethylene Supply and Outlook, 1994 172
  17. Location Map of Oil Exploration Blocks, 1994 173
  18. Location Map of EOR Projects, 1994 173
  19. Total Output of Primary Energy, 1994 174

XIII INDUSTRY

  1. National Industrial Output Value, Jan-Jul 1994 174
  2. National Industrial Sale Output Value, Jan-Jul 1994 175
  3. Regional Industrial Value Output, Jan-Jul 1994 175
  4. Regional Industrial Sales Output, Jan-Jul 1994 176
  5. Major Industrial Products Output, Jan-Jul 1994 177
  6. Major Industrial Products Production Increase, 1993 180
  7. Select Products Production Increase, 1993 180
  8. Major Industrial Products Yield, 1993 181
  9. Major Industrial Products Output, 1993 181
  10. Major Industrial Products Sale Value, 1993 182
  11. Select Products Production Increase, 1993 183
  12. Major Industrial and Construction Products Increases, 1994 184
  13. Western Aircraft Companies Woo China, 1994 184
  14. Refrigeration Motors Joint Venture, 1994 184
  15. Foreign Partner Industrial Contracts, 1993 185
  16. US Textile Import Quotas, 1994 189
  17. Light Industry Exports, 1993 189
  18. Sino-Foreign Oil Venture, 1994 189
  19. G.M. Enters Venture With Chinese, 1994 190
  20. Auto Production, 1993 190
  21. Auto Industry Grows, 1993 190
  22. Growth in Rural Industries, 1993 190
  23. Steel Production Increase, 1993 191
  24. Ship Building Industry Growth, 1993 191
  25. Civilian Products by Military Firms, 1993 191
  26. Scrap Metal Industry Regulations, 1994 192

XIV AGRICULTURE

  1. Gross Value of China's Agricultural Output, 1982-1992 194
  2. Agricultural Products Market Exchange Price Categories Index, 1994 194
  3. Major US Imports From China, 1993 194
  4. US Agricultural Exports to China, 1993 195
  5. Table of Special Agricultural Product Tax Categories and Rates, 1994 195
  6. China's Areas Affected by Salinity and Alkalinity, 1975-1990 196
  7. Index of China's Multiple Cropping, 1970-1990 196
  8. China Milk Production, 1989-1991 197
  9. China's Per Capita Arable Cropland, 1961-1990 197
  10. China's Cropland Area, 1961-1990 198
  11. Hainan Statistical Communique, 1993 198
  12. Anhui Agricultural Statistics, 1993 199
  13. Hubei Province Agricultural Statistics, 1993 201
  14. "Green Project", 1994 202
  15. Farm Production Increase, 1993 202
  16. Fishery Output Increases, 1993 203
  17. Grain Harvest, 1993 203
  18. Increase Farm Production, 1994 203
  19. Beef Production on Increase, 1994 203
  20. International Agricultural Cooperation, 1993 204
  21. Irrigation and Water Conservation, 1994 204
  22. Rural Enterprises Face Crises, 1994 204

XV TRANSPORTATION

  1. China's Volume of Transportation, 1994 205
  2. China's Inland Waterways, 1983-1993 206
  3. China's Merchant Marine Fleet, 1989-1993 206
  4. China's Airports, 1983-1993 206
  5. China's Highways and Roads, 1983-1993 206
  6. China's Planned Truck Routes, 1994 207
  7. China's Passenger Car Output, 1988-1994 207
  8. Automobile Industry Gets Boost, 1994 208
  9. China's Motor Industry Management Structure, 1994 208
  10. China's Joint Ventures in the Auto Parts Industry, 1994 208
  11. Transportation Facilities to Grow, 1994 209
  12. Weihai Railway, 1994 210
  13. Transport Between China and Taiwan, 1994 210
  14. New CAAC Leaders, 1994 210
  15. Shanghai Airport Safety, 1994 210
  16. Cathay Contract, 1994 211
  17. New Airline Routes, 1994 211
  18. Aviation Mileage, 1988-1992 211
  19. Airports Renovated, 1994 211
  20. Hongqu Canal Completed, 1994 211
  21. Bridge Construction, 1994 212
  22. Yellow River Bridge, 1993 212
  23. New Railway Construction, 1993 212
  24. Beijing to Kowloon Railroad, 1994 212

XVI COMMUNICATIONS

  1. China's Electronic Media, 1985-1993 213
  2. Cable Licenses, 1993 213
  3. Satellite Reception Equipment Sales, 1994 213
  4. Qinghai Airs Programs Via Satellite, 1994 214
  5. Satellite Viewership Up, 1994 215
  6. Communications Contract, 1994 215
  7. Advertising Market Standardized, 1994 215

XVII TOURISM

  1. China International Arrivals, 1986-1990 216
  2. Hong Kong International Arrivals, 1986-1990 217
  3. Taiwan International Arrivals, 1986-1990 218
  4. Hong Kong Visitors, 1992 219
  5. China's International Tourist Arrivals, 1992-1993 219
  6. China's Total Tourists, 1994 219
  7. Top Tourist Hotels, 1992 220
  8. Expressway to Great Wall, 1994 222
  9. Tourism Earns Record Sums, 1993 222
  10. Tourism Law Office Opens, 1993 222
  11. Tourism Service Improved, 1994 223

XVIII FOREIGN TRADE

  1. Changes of Operation Regulations, 1993 223
  2. China's World Trade, 1987-1993 228
  3. China's Top Trading Partners, 1993 229
  4. Foreign Investment in China, 1988-1993 229
  5. China's Major Export Commodities, 1993 229
  6. China's Exports to Africa Countries, 1993 223
  7. China's Imports of Major Commodities, 1993 234
  8. China's Exports to North America, Oceanian Countries, 1993 238
  9. China's Exports to EFTA Countries, 1993 239
  10. China's Exports to EEC Countries, 1993 239
  11. China's Exports to Former USSR Countries, 1993 240
  12. China's Exports to Latin America, 1993 240
  13. China's Top Foreign Trade Corporations, 1993 241
  14. China's Contracts, Jan-Jul 1994 244
  15. Major Exhibitions and Trade Shows in China, 1994 255

XIX STATE BUDGET, FINANCE, AND SECURITIES

  1. China's Budget & Finance Overview, 1994 264
  2. Comparison of China's Budget Between Center and Local Government, 1994 272
  3. Asian Infrastructure Fund, 1994 272
  4. State Owned Investment by Sector, 1993 272
  5. Private Enterprises Increase, 1993 274
  6. Technical Updating and Transformation Investment by Sector, 1994 274
  7. Transformation Projects by Region, 1994 275
  8. Investment Fulfillment of Technical Updating and Transformation Projects, 1994 276
  9. Transformation Investment by Key Branch of Industry, 1993-1994 277
  10. China's Regular and Construction Budget, 1993-1994 277
  11. Capital Construction Investment by Sector, 1994 278
  12. Construction Investment by Project and by Region, 1994 279
  13. Capital Construction Investment by Key Branch of Industry, 1993-1994 280
  14. Global Bonds Issued, 1994 280
  15. Bank of China's Overseas Bonds, 1994 280
  16. Japanese Loan to BOC, 1994 281
  17. New Treasury Bills Issued, 1994 281
  18. Domestic Trade in Unit Trusts, 1994 281
  19. Stock Exchange Listing Rules, 1994 281
  20. Hong Kong and China Equities, 1989-First Quarter 1994 282
  21. Reform of Investment Structure, 1994 283
  22. Foreign Firms Invest in Heilong-jiang, 1993 291
  23. Foreign Exchange Reforms, 1994 291
  24. Bank Savings, 1993 295
  25. Foreign Reserves, 1994 295
  26. Credit Cards to Increase, 1994 296
  27. Savings Record in Jiangsu, 1994 296
  28. Insurance Industry Figures, 1993 296
  29. Value Added Tax, 1994 297
  30. New Income Tax Rates, 1994 297
  31. China's New Foreign Rate Tax Tables, 1994 298
  32. China's Stock Markets, 1994 298

XX SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

  1. Major Technology-Related Construction and Agricultural Resource Projects Through the Year 2000, 1993 299
  2. Foreign Investment in China's Communications Industry, 1994 307
  3. Technology Exports Rise, 1993 307
  4. Color Printing Revolution, 1994 308
  5. Satellite Launch Center, 1994 308
  6. Research Satellite, 1994 308
  7. Seven Satellite Launches, 1994 309
  8. First Simulated Flight Center Built, 1994 309
  9. Nuclear Achievements, 1993 309
  10. More Nuclear Power Plants Built, 1994 309
  11. Beam Line Installed, 1994 310
  12. Compact Disks, 1994 310
  13. Natural Science Research, 1994 310
  14. Beijing Development Zone, 1994 311
  15. Organization Readjustment, 1994 311

XXI ENVIRONMENT

  1. Environment Protection Success, 1994 311
  2. Environmental Protection, 1994 314
  3. Pollution Warning Issued, 1994 314
  4. Survey of Seven Chinese National Reserves, 1994 315
  5. Pollution Bill, 1994 316
  6. Ecological Book Published, 1994 316
  7. List of China's Banned and Restricted Toxic Chemicals, 1994 316
  8. Use of China's Forests, 1980-1990 317
  9. Coastal Forest Belt in Shandong, 1994 317
  10. Area of China Affected by Floods and Drought, 1970-1990 317
  11. Variation of Flow on the Yellow River, 1994 317
  12. Water Discharge at Yellow River Stations, 1994 318
  13. China's Three Gorges Project, 1994 318
  14. Environmental Project Loans, 1994 320

XXII REGIONAL

  1. Retail Sales Value of Consumer Goods by Region, 1994 320
  2. "Non-Communists" Involved in Anhui, 1994 321
  3. Strategic Goals for Hubei, 1994 321
  4. Comparison of Economic and Social Growth of Provinces, 1978-1993 322
  5. Inner Mongolia Animal By-Product Output, 1993 324
  6. Inner Mongolia Major Farm Product Output, 1993 324
  7. Inner Mongolia Major Industrial Output, 1993 324
  8. Mongolia Announced the Richest Towns and Villages, 1993 325
  9. Liaoning Major Farm Product Output, 1993 326
  10. Liaoning Major Industrial Products Output, 1993 326
  11. "Aid-the-Poor" in Guizhou, 1994 327
  12. Shanxi Peasants' Income Rises, 1993 327
  13. Shanxi Major Agricultural Output, 1993 327
  14. Shanxi Major Animal Products Output, 1993 327
  15. Shanghai Major Industrial Product Output, 1993 328
  16. Yunnan's Border Trade, 1993 329
  17. Foreign Experts Commended, 1994 329
  18. Record Foreign Investment, 1993 329
  19. Shanghai Major Agricultural Output, 1993 329
  20. Shanghai Major Industrial Product Output, 1993 330
  21. New Port Development, 1994 331
  22. Commissar Promoted, 1993 331
  23. Tibet's Economic Progress, 1993 331
  24. Tianjin Major Agricultural Output, 1993 332
  25. Tianjin Major Industrial Product Output, 1993 332
  26. Fujian Growth Goals, 1994 333
  27. Tax Revenues in Fujian Province, 1993 333
  28. Separatist Movement in Xinjiang, 1994 334
  29. Zhjiang Major Agricultural Crops,1993 334
  30. Zhjiang Animal Product Output,1993 334
  31. Zhjiang Industrial Products Output, 1993 334
  32. Guangdong Township Enterprises Grow, 1993 335
  33. Guangdong Taxes Up, 1993 336
  34. Gansu Drought, 1994 336

XXIII HEALTH AND MEDICINE

  1. Medical Equipment Imports, 1994 336
  2. WHO Designates Beijing Center, 1994 336
  3. Chinese Medicine, 1949-1993 337
  4. "Better Birth & Health Care" Law, 1994 337
  5. Jiangxi Family Planning Schools, 1994 338
  6. Children's Immunization Program, 1994 338

XXIV EDUCATION

  1. Regulations to Eliminate Illiteracy, 1993 338
  2. Illiteracy and Semi-Illiteracy in Population Above 15 Years Old, 1994 340
  3. Cooperation in Gansu Education, 1993 340
  4. Hope Project Aids Children, 1994 340
  5. China's Nurseries and Kindergartens in 1990, 1994 341
  6. Facts About Schools, 1985-1994 341
  7. School Subsidy, 1994 342
  8. Circular on Illegal Schools, 1994 342
  9. Teachers' Law Adopted, 1993 344
  10. Women's Education Status, 1980-1992 345
  11. Women Teachers, 1980-1992 346
  12. Tibet Students Get Grants, 1994 347
  13. Universities Charge Tuition, 1994 347
  14. University Gets New Name, 1994 347
  15. Computer Courses in Shanghai Schools, 1994 347

XXV LAW AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE

  1. PRC Laws and Regulations, 1994 348
  2. State Security Law, 1994 349
  3. Company Law Adopted, 1993 350
  4. China's Company Law Provisions, 1994 379
  5. Duties for Personal Articles, 1994 380
  6. Consumer Rights Protection Law, 1993 381
  7. Law on Trade Unions, 1994 383
  8. Local Law, 1994 383
  9. Reporter Rejected, 1994 384

XXVI CULTURE

  1. Number of Cultural Outlets, 1952-1993 384
  2. Film Facts and Figures, 1993 384
  3. Golden Rooster Awards, 1992 384
  4. National Film Awards, 1993 385
  5. Foreign Film Awards, 1993 385
  6. Top Ten Films, Domestic and Foreign, 1993 386
  7. The 15th Hundred Flowers Awards, 1993 386
  8. New Experience Fiction, 1994 386
  9. Foreigners' Religious Activities Rules, 1994 388

XXVII SPORTS

  1. China's Olympic Medal Winners, 1984-1992 389
  2. Olympic Readiness, 1994 389
  3. Olympic Games in 3rd-World Countries, 1994 389
  4. Sports Agreement, 1994 390
  5. Women Swimmers Excel, 1994 390
  6. Women Sculls, 1994 390
  7. Anti-Golf Movement, 1994 390
  8. Number of Golf Courses in East Asia, 1994 391
  9. Cable Sports Channel Suspended, 1994 391

XXVIII SOCIETY

  1. Life Expectancy, 1986-1993 391
  2. Women's Participation, Marriage and Maternal Care, 1985-1992 392
  3. Labor Force Percentages, 1982-1993 393
  4. Employment Rate of Sexes, 1982-1990 393
  5. Households With Monthly Incomes Exceeding ¥700, 1993 393
  6. Trade Specific Work Force and Their Wage Level, 1992 394
  7. Proportion of Living Expenditure of Urban Households, 1994 397
  8. Price Indexes, 1994 399

 

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