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China Facts & Figures Annual

Edited by Gary M. Bennett

CHIFFA Contents

 

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Contents of Volume 20 (1995)

ABBREVIATIONS OF TERMS xi

ABBREVIATIONS OF SOURCES xi

I SURVEY 1

II SUMMARY OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC INDICATORS, 1995 3

  1. Map of China 3
  2. China Basic Statistics, 1995 4
  3. National Economic Performance,1994 14
  4. Map of Economic Zones, 1995 23
  5. Market Prices, 1995 23

III CHRONOLOGY 24

IV GOVERNMENT 27

  1. Government Leaders, 1995 27
  2. The Constitution of China, 1992 38
  3. Number of Government Staff and Workers by Region, 1995 39
  4. Vice Premiers Face Opposition, 1995 39
  5. Ministry Restricted Exit Applications, 1995 40
  6. China's Doors Open Wider, 1995 41
  7. Government's Employment Strategy, 1995 41
  8. Agenda for NPC Committee Session, 1995 42
  9. Lu Ping Requests Hong Kong Civil Service Data, 1995 43

V PARTY 44

  1. Leadership of the PRC, 1995 44
  2. Party Building Tasks, 1995 52
  3. NPC Standing Committee Reports,1995 56
  4. De-Dengification Movement, 1995 57
  5. Jiang Zemin Addresses Party Secretaries, 1995 59

VI MILITARY 63

  1. Political-Military Outlook, 1995 63
  2. China's Chief Officers of the Seven Military Regions, 1994 68
  3. Chinese Military Regions and Districts Map 70
  4. China's Defense Spending, 1985-1994 71
  5. PLA Chief Views Military District Role, 1995 71
  6. China's Military Personnel, 1982-1994 73
  7. Military Manpower, 1983-1994 73
  8. China's Army Strength, 1982-1994 73
  9. Chinese Naval Strength, 1982-1994 74
  10. China's Air Force Strength, 1982-1994 74
  11. Designations of Chinese Aircraft, 1995 74
  12. China's Nuclear-Capable Delivery Vehicles, 1993 75
  13. Deployment and Bases, 1994 76
  14. Assessment of China's Military, 1995 76
  15. First Book on Military Sciences Published, 1995 84
  16. Chinese Arms Sales to the Middle East, 1985-1992 84
  17. China Purchased Air Transports From Uzbekistan, 1995 84
  18. First Russian Purchased Submarine Transits, 1995 85
  19. China Masses Troops Near Russian Border, 1995 85
  20. Quality of Taiwan's Domestic Tanks, 1995 85

VII INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 85

  1. China's Views on International Issues, 1995 85
  2. The Spratly Islands Issue, 1995 88
  3. Map of the Spratly Islands, 1994 89
  4. China Urges Vietnam and Russia to Stop Spratly Surveys, 1995 89
  5. Philippines Protest China's Spratly Presence, 1995 90
  6. China-US Talks Breakdown, 1995 90
  7. China, Russia, US to Develop Ussuri River, 1995 96
  8. Taiwan-PRC Trade Relations, 1995 96
  9. China Rebukes Other Nuclear Nations, 1995 99
  10. Beijing Warns US and Others About "2 Chinas Policy," 1995 100
  11. Scholars View West-West Relations, 1994 100

VIII FOREIGN TRADE 122

  1. China's Trade With Selected Countries, 1991-1994 122
  2. China's Trade With East European Countries, 1989-1993 124
  3. China's Direct Foreign Investment, 1988-1994 124
  4. Annual Indicators of Economic Activity in China, 1984-1993 125
  5. China's Trade With Major Trading Partners, 1991-1993 126
  6. China/US Imports/Exports, 1993-1995 127
  7. US Imports From China, 1995 127
  8. US Exports to China, 1995 127
  9. China-US Trade, 1991-1994 128
  10. China's Trade in Grain, 1984-1995 128
  11. China's Exports to the US, 1980-1990 129
  12. China's Imports From the US, 1980-1990 139
  13. Structure of Sino-US Trade, 1993-1994 143
  14. China, Hong Kong and Taiwan Trade With US, 1985-1994 144
  15. Anheuser-Busch CEO Visits With Vice-Premier, 1995 145
  16. Export of Major Commodities, 1995 145
  17. Chinese and Cuban Trade Ministers Preside Over Trade Talks, 1995 149
  18. PRC Trade With Taiwan, 1979-1993 150
  19. GATT Talks, 1994 150
  20. Hong Kong Council Opens More Offices in China, 1995 153
  21. Volkswagen Official Visits Li Peng, 1995 153
  22. Foreign Firm's Archives Regulations, 1995 153
  23. Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation Circular, 1995 156

IX ECONOMY 158

  1. Major Economic Indicators, 1988-1995 158
  2. China's Growing Economy Slows, 1995 159
  3. National Bank Credit Receipts and Payments, 1995 159
  4. Economic Poll, 1995 160
  5. Economist Forecast 163
  6. Rural Credit Cooperative Savings and Loans, 1995 164
  7. Urban Credit Cooperative Credit Receipts and Payments, 1995 164
  8. Foreign Reserves Growth and RMB Appreciation, 1995 164
  9. Scale of Investment and Inflation, 1981-1994 166
  10. Finance, Credit and Investment Institution Credit Receipts and Expenditures, 1995 166
  11. Other Bank Credit Receipts and Expenditures, 1995 167
  12. Impact of Exchange Reform on Banks, 1994 167
  13. Exchange Rates, Gold and Foreign Exchange Reserves, 1995 169
  14. Supply of Forms of Money, 1995 170
  15. Government to Control Prices, 1995 170
  16. Wu Bangguo on Economy, 1995 172
  17. Five Year Plan Economic Elements, 1995 174
  18. Enterprise Reform Classes, 1995 180
  19. Cotton Market Reform, 1995 184
  20. MOFTEC Outline Foreign Aid Policy, 1995 190

X BUDGET AND FINANCE 191

  1. State Enterprise Debt Restructuring in Ninth Plan, 1995 191
  2. Tax Increase for State Enterprises After Reform, 1995 198
  3. Financial Structure Reforms, 1995 200
  4. Foreign Banks Establish Presence, 1995 212
  5. "B" Share Quota Allotted by Shenzhen Stock Exchange, 1995 213
  6. State Treasury Revenue, 1995 213
  7. Government Enforces Individual Income Tax, 1995 213
  8. Role of Hong Kong Finance, 1995 214
  9. Tax Enforcement, 1995 21

6 XI INDUSTRY 219

  1. Industry Output, 1994 219
  2. Industry Output by Region, 1994 219
  3. Sale Output Value of Industry, 1994 220
  4. Sale Output of Industry by Region, 1994 221
  5. China's Top 250 Industrial Enterprises, 1994 222
  6. Map of China's Industrial Output, 1994 224
  7. Reform of State Owned Enterprises, 1995 225
  8. Number of Staff and Workers and Laborers, July 1993-July 1994 231
  9. Number of Staff and Workers by Region, 1995 231
  10. Comparison Rates of China's Construction Industry, 1991-1993 232
  11. State Enterprises Continued Losses, 1995 234
  12. Total Wage Bill of Staff and Workers, July 1993-July 1994 235
  13. Wage Bill of Staff and Workers by Region, 1995 236
  14. Textile Output in Fourth Quarter, 1994 236
  15. Metal Industry's Bad Year, 1994 236
  16. Metal Output, 1992-1994 237
  17. The Problem of Piracy, 1995 237

XII RESOURCES 238

  1. China's Energy Sources, 1992-1993 238
  2. Output of Primary Energy, July 1993-July 1994 238
  3. Electricity Production, 1994 239
  4. Energy Outlook to 2010, 1995 239
  5. Coal Production, 1994 240
  6. Crude Oil Production 1st Quarter, 1995 240
  7. Oil Production, 1994 241
  8. China's Oil Balance Sheet, 1995 241
  9. Fuel Shares in China's Industrial Energy Demand, 1990-2010 242
  10. China's Energy Imports Up, 1992-1993 242
  11. Industrial Energy Demand, 1991-2010 242
  12. China's Energy Shortfall, 1982-1992 242
  13. Power Projections, 1985-2010 242
  14. China's Standing in World Petroleum Production, 1973-1994 243
  15. The Republic of Korea and China Cooperate in Oil Exploration, 1995 244
  16. Three Gorges Dam Map, 1995 245
  17. Three Gorges Project, 1995 245
  18. Three Gorges to Get Foreign Funds, 1995 245
  19. Tumen River Project, 1995 246
  20. Tumen River Project Map, 1994 247
  21. Huaneng Power's Building Plans, 1994 247
  22. China's Resources Principal Companies, 1994 248

XIII AGRICULTURE 249

  1. Agricultural Products Market Exchange Price Categories Index, 1995 249
  2. Analyzing and Projecting Cotton Demand by the Year 2000, 1994 249
  3. China's Cotton Production, 1986-1994 259
  4. Government Concerned About Farm Land Loss, 1995 259
  5. Government to Fight Desertification, 1995 260
  6. Agriculture Weakest Link in China's Economy, 1995 260
  7. Farm Woes Plague China, 1995 260
  8. Grain Futures Prices, March 1994-January 1995 261
  9. China's Grain Production, 1986-1994 262
  10. Heilongjiang Grain Production Costs, 1994 262
  11. Regional Predictions for Grain Increase Potential, 1994 265
  12. Liawang Stresses Importance of Farming, 1995 265
  13. China Improves Effective Micro-organism Technology, 1995 266
  14. China's Ability to Produce Food, 1995 266
  15. China's Agricultural Imports From the US, 1990-1994 269
  16. China's Agricultural Output, 1994 269

XIV ENVIRONMENT 271

  1. Afforestation Programs, 1994-1995 271
  2. China's Use of Forests, 1990-1995 273
  3. Government Fights Desertification, 1995 273
  4. Tapping the Yellow River to Enhance Agriculture, 1995 273
  5. How Damming the Yellow River Will Affect the Coastal System, 1994 274
  6. Map of the Yangtze and Yellow River Interbasin Project, 1994 274
  7. Social Impact of Three Gorges Dam, 1995 274
  8. Map of Area of China Affected by Floods and Drought, 1970-1990 275
  9. Area of China Affected by Floods and Drought, 1970-1990 275
  10. Changing Fuel Sources to Control Air Pollution, 1995 276
  11. Map of Tibet's Nature Preserves and National Parks, 1992 277
  12. Water Treatment, 1995 278

XV POPULATION 278

  1. Overall Population Growth, 1982-1994 278
  2. China's Population Future, 1995 278
  3. Changing Population Problem, 1995 279
  4. Report on Family Planning, 1995 290
  5. Report on Illegal Emigration, 1995 291

XVI REGIONAL 292

  1. Provincial Map of China, 1994 292
  2. Names of Provinces, 1994 292
  3. Top Aquatic Product Producing Provinces, 1994 293
  4. Top Milk Producing Provinces, 1994 293
  5. Top Meat Producing Provinces, 1994 293
  6. Northeast Region Statistical Communique, 1994 293
  7. Map of Northeast Region, 1994 301
  8. Jilin Tertiary Industrial Survey, 1992 301
  9. Mongolia Region Statistical Communique, 1994 304
  10. Inner Mongolia Communique on Tertiary Industry, 1992 310
  11. Tianjin's Statistical Communique, 1994 312
  12. Hainan Region Statistics, 1994 317
  13. Map of Hainan, 1994 322
  14. Shanxi Development Statistics, 1994 322
  15. Yunnan Province Statistical Communique, 1994 329
  16. Zhejiang Statistical Communique, 1994 336
  17. Map of Zhejiang, 1993 344
  18. Fujian Statistical Communique, 1994 345

XVII CITIES AND URBANIZATION 353

  1. Basic Indicator of Urban Households Income Expenditure by Cities, 1995 353
  2. Proportion of Living Expenditure of Urban Households of 35 Cities, 1995 353
  3. Basic Indicators of Urban Households by Region, 1995 356
  4. Basic Indicators of Urban Households Income and Expenditure by Region, 1995 357
  5. Comparison of National Urban, Rural Price Indices, 1994 358
  6. China Urbanization Compared to That of Large Countries, 1995 358
  7. China's Employment Reform Model, 1994 359
  8. Comparison of Urbanization Progress of Provinces, 1991 359
  9. Urbanization Level Compared to Economic Development, 1995 360
  10. Map of Shanghai Development Zone, 1995 366
  11. Shanghai's Gross Industrial Output, 1991-1993 366

XVIII EDUCATION 366

  1. CASS Announces Major Reconstruction, 1995 366
  2. Li Ruihuan Views Education at CPPCC Meeting, 1995 367
  3. Reforms Change Higher Education, 1995 371

XIX HEALTH AND WELFARE 371

  1. Public Health Survey, 1995 371
  2. Medical Advances, 1995 371
  3. Imported Medical Practices and Instruments, 1990-1995 371
  4. Life Expectancy, 1986-1994 372
  5. Spread of AIDS, 1995 372
  6. Map of AIDS Infected Areas, 1995 372

XX SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 373

  1. Major Technology Projects Through 2000, 1994 373
  2. Analysis of Technology Updates and Investment, 1995 381
  3. Report on Satellite Explosion, 1995 381
  4. Investment Fulfillment of Technical Updating and Transformation Projects, 1994 383
  5. New Construction Investment Fulfillment of Technical Projects by Region, 1994 384
  6. Guangdong Builds Second and Third Nuclear Power Plants, 1995 385
  7. CAS Rebuilds Science Town, 1995 385
  8. China Cancels Deal for Selling Iran Two Reactors, 1995 386
  9. Shanghai Scientists Develop Robot, 1995 386
  10. Communications Research Center Established in Shanghai, 1995 386
  11. Computer Smuggling, 1995 386
  12. China Software Sales, 1995 387
  13. Technology Increases Rice Yield, 1995 387

XXI COMMUNICATIONS 387

  1. China's Cable Television Industry, 1983-1993 387
  2. Government Spending on Telecommunications, 1995 388
  3. China's Satellite Partners, 1995 388
  4. Position of China's Telecommunications Satellite in Comparison to Other Large Countries, 1995 389
  5. Media Outlets, 1994 389
  6. China and America's AT&T Sign Agreement, 1994 392
  7. China's Advertising Business Grows, 1995 393
  8. China's Advertising Spending, 1994 393
  9. Advertising Industry Turnover, 1994 393
  10. Posts and Telecommunication Grow, 1994 393
  11. China's Pager Market, 1990-1995 394
  12. Conditions for Women Journalists, 1995 394
  13. TV Producer Regulations, 1995 395

XXII TRANSPORTATION 396

  1. Volume of Transportation, 1994 396
  2. The Status of Completed Transportation, 1994 396
  3. China's Highways and Roads, 1983-1994 397
  4. China's Inland Waterways, 1983-1994 397
  5. China's Merchant Marine Fleet, 1990-1994 397
  6. Main Transportation Routes, 1994 398
  7. Truck Routes Planned for Year 2000, 1994 399
  8. Sales of Domestic Cars, 1993 399
  9. China's "Detroit", 1995 400
  10. Attack on Illegal Auto Imports, 1995 400
  11. Volkswagen's Production in China, 1991-2000 401
  12. China Airline Profits Decline, 1989-1993 401
  13. Airport Improvement, 1994 401
  14. New Small Aircraft Built by Xian Aircraft Company, 1994 402
  15. Chinese Air Travel Growth, 1985-1993 402
  16. China's Airports, 1983-1994 402
  17. Nation's Largest Auto Maker, 1995 402
  18. Terrorist Threat to Airport, 1994 403

XXIII LAW AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE 403

  1. Court Work Reports, 1993-1994 403
  2. China's Illegal Drug Problem, 1995 403
  3. Map of Drug Affected Area, 1995 404
  4. Achievements in Drug Control, 1985-1994 404
  5. Problem of Rising Crime, 1994 405
  6. Criminal Law Reform, 1994 406
  7. Court Official on Execution of Corrupt Officials, 1995 410
  8. Official Executed for Graft, 1995 411
  9. Secret Societies Plague Public Security, 1995 411
  10. Illegal Guns Confiscated, 1995 411
  11. Pirates Are a Problem, 1995 411
  12. Map of Pirate Affected Area, 1994 412

XXIV SOCIETY 412

  1. Financial Income and Expenditures, 1981-1995 412
  2. Gallup Poll Survey of Possessions Owned and Desired, 1995 413
  3. Labor Employment, 1990-1995 413
  4. Migrant Laborers' Contributions, 1995 414
  5. Unemployment Problem, 1995 414
  6. Top Ten Regions in Social Development, 1995 415
  7. Survey on Public Attitude Toward Reform, 1994 415
  8. Petition on Human Rights Submitted, 1995 421
  9. Youth Survey, 1994 422
  10. Guangxi Commended for Arresting Sales of Women and Children, 1995 422
  11. Fifteen Year Development Plan, 1995 423
  12. Underground Sex Industry is Big Business, 1995 424
  13. Text of Beijing Declaration on Women, 1995 424

XXV CULTURE 427

  1. Training for Young Writers, 1995 427
  2. First Western Rock Concert in a Decade, 1995 427
  3. Historic Films Begun, 1995 427
  4. Vatican Urged to Sever Taiwan Ties, 1995 427
  5. Beauty Products Business Grows, 1994 428
  6. Rapid Growth of Cults, 1995 428
  7. Church Activist Arrested, 1995 430
  8. Religious Issues in Tibet, 1994 430

XXVI TOURISM 431

  1. China's International Tourists Arrivals, 1992-1994 431
  2. Top Tourists Hotels, 1994 432
  3. Law to Regulate Tourism, 1995 432

 

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