Medieval Russia

A Source Book, 850-1700

Edited by Basil Dmytryshyn

Table of Contents

Part I. Kievan Rus

1. The Distribution of Medieval Slavs, 2

2. The Coming of the Varangians, 6

3. Byzantine-Kievan Relations, 9

4. Porphyrogenitus' Description of the Voyage Down the Dnieper River, 19

5. Olga's Vengeance, 22

6. Sviatoslav's Conquests, 26

7. The Acceptance of Christianity, 30

8. Ruskaia Pravda: The Short Version, 36

9. The Church Statute of Kiev, 41

10. Metropolitan Hilarion's Eulogy of Prince Vladimir and Prince Iaroslav, 45

11. The Struggle for Succession, 47

12. The Struggle with the Nomads, 56

13. The Testament of Vladimir Monomakh, 65

14. The Assassination of Prince Bogoliubskii and a Popular Revolt in Vladimir, 72

a). The Assassination of Prince Andre Bogoliubskii, 1174, 73

b). An Uprising in Bogoliubovo and Vladimir in 1175, 75

15. The Tale of the Host of Igor, 77

16. Daniel's Plea for Forgiveness, 93

17. A Discourse Concerning the Ruin of Rus Land, 97

18. A Biography of Prince Alexander Nevskii, 99

19. Galicia-Volyn in the Thirteenth Century, 105

20. A Treaty between Novgorod and the Hanseatic League, 1270 114

21. Life in Medieval Novgorod 119

Part II. Mongol Yoke 145

22. Mongol Conquest of Northern Rus in 1237-1238, 146

23. Mongol Capture of Kiev in 1240, 151

24. John of Pian de Carpine's Journey to Mongolia in 1246, 153

25. The Court of Batu Khan in 1253 168

26. Prince Daniel of Galicia's Relations with the Mongols, 171

27. Mongol Rule and the Orthodox Church, 174

a). The iarlyk [Charter] of Khan Mengu-Temir to Metropolitan Theognostos, August 1, 1267, 175

b). The iarlyk [Charter] of Khan Berdibek to Metropolitan Alexei, November, 1357, 176

28. The Anti-Mongol Uprising in Tver in 1327, 177

29. Moscow's First Successful Challenge of the Mongols, 1380, 179

30. A Letter from a Tatar Leader, Edigei, to Moscow's Grand Prince Vasilii I, 1409, 182

31. Ending of the Mongol Yoke in 1480 184

Part III. Muscovy 189

32. The Reign of Ivan Kalita of Moscow, 190

33. The Last Will of Ivan Kalita, or "Money Bag," ca. 1339, 195

34. A Brief Biography of Prince Dmitrii Donskoi, 198

35. Zadonshchina 202

36. A Journey from Moscow to Constantinople in 1389, 209

37. Nestor-Iskander's Tale of the Capture of Constantinople, 1453, 214

38. Restrictions on Peasant Movement in the 1460s, 221

39. Ivan III's Conquest of Novgorod in 1471, 222

40. Contarini's Impression of Muscovy in 1476, 237

41. The Sudebnik [Code of Law] of Ivan III, 1497, 243

42 Filofei's Concept of the "Third Rome", 259

43. Herberstein's Observations of Muscovy, 261

44. Ivan the Terrible's Own Account of His Early Life, 276

45. Domostroi 285

46. Moscow and the Court of Ivan the Terrible in 1553, 289

47. First Privileges Granted by Ivan the Terrible to English Merchants, 1555, 294

48. A Letter from King Sigismund of Poland to Elizabeth I, 1559, 299

49. A Letter from Ivan the Terrible to Elizabeth I, 1570, 301

50. Ivan the Terrible's Punishment of Novgorod in 1570, 305

51. Muscovy at the End of the Sixteenth Century, 309

52. Possevino's Observations of Muscov and Its People, 325

53. Russian Conquest and Exploration of Siberia, 342

a). A Report from the Voevoda of Tobolsk to the Voevoda of Pelym Concerning Unrest Among the Natives, June 21, 1606, 343

b). A Petition from the Merchant Guselnikov to Tsar Michael Fedorovich Protesting Excessive Regulations of the Fur Tradein Siberia, 1639, 344

c). The Oath of Allegiance Which the Russians Administered to Bratsk Native Leaders, 1642-w1645, 345

d). Instructions from the Voevoda of Iakutsk, Frantsbekov, to the Explorer Khabarov, Regarding His Expedition into the Land of the Daurs, 1649­1651, 346

e). Three Petitions to Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich from Iakut Natives Protesting Inequitable and Ruinous Iasak Impositions, 1659-1664, 350

f). Instructions fromVoevodaof Iakutsk, Golenishchev-Kutuzov, to Prison Officials about Procedures for Guarding Prisoners, June 3, 1663, 352

g). The Sentences Imposed by the Voevoda of Iakutsk, Petr Zinovev, on the Participants in a Cossack Rebellion, July 14, 1690, 353

54. Bussow's Account of the Famine in Moscow, 1601-1604, 355

55. A Letter from the False Dmitrii to Boris Godunov, 1604, 357

56. Massa's Account of Events Surrounding the Death of the False Dmitrii in 1606, 359

57. Shuiskii's Decree against Runaway Peasants, March 9, 1607, 372

58. Conditions for Wladyslaw's Ascension to the Throne of Muscovy, 1610, 375

59. A French View of Seventeenth Century Moscow, 378

60. Olearius' Commentaries on Muscovy in the 1630s and 1640s, 399

61. The Code of Law of 1649, 425

62. The Popular Discontent in Seventeenth Century Russia, 433

a). The 1648 Turmoil in Moscow: A Contemporary Account, 433

b). The Insurrection at the Solovetskii Monastery, 1668-1676, 439

63. Provisions of Russian Protectorate over Ukraine in 1654, 442

a). A Petition of Ukrainian Cossacks to the Tsar Alexei with the Resolutions of the Tsar on Each Point, March 31, 1654, 442

b). The Charter of the Zaporozhie Host, April 6, 1654, 448

64. Kotoshikhin's Description of the Private Lives of the Boyarsand of Other Ranks of Muscovite Society, 451

65. A Decree on Runaway Peasants, 1661, 460

66. Krizhanich's Observations on Russia's Potential Strengths and Weaknesses, 461

67. An English View of the Muscovite Tsar and of His Society, 470

a). A Contemporary English View of Tsar Alexei and His Surroundings, 470

b). A Seventeenth Century English View of the Russians, 475

68. Avvakum's Account of His Sufferings, 479

69. A Biography of Boyarina Morozova, 489

70. A Story of a Rich Merchant Sutulov and His Clever Wife Tatiana, 497

Glossary 516

Tables

1. Rus Rulers 862-1125 520

2. Rus Rulers, 1125-1613 521

3. Russian Rulers, 1613-1917 522

Chronological Table 523

Selected Bibliography 528

Maps

Slavic Tribes and Kievan Rus, Ninth and Tenth Centuries 4

The Mongol-Tatar Invasions of the Thirteenth Century 150

Northeastern Rus, Late Fourteenth Century 229

Growth of the Moscovite State from the Fourteenth to
Seventeenth Centuries 320

Central Russia in the Thirteenth to Fifteenth Centuries 538

Heartland of Muscovy Inside Back Cover

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