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Russia and Eurasia Documents Annual

(Formerly USSR Documents Annual)

REDA Contents

  • 1987 The Gorbachev Reforms Contents
  • 1988 Perestroika-The Second Stage Contents
  • 1989 The End of Empire? Contents
  • 1990 Vol. 1 Restructuring Perestroika Contents
  • 1990 Vol. 2 Restructuring Perestroika Contents
  • 1991 Vol. 1 Disintegration of the USSR Contents
  • 1991 Vol. 2 Disintegration of the USSR Contents
  • 1992 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1992 Vol. 2 CIS and Successor States Contents
  • 1993 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1993 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1994 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1994 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1995 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1995 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1996 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1996 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents

 

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USSR Documents Annual 1989

The Gorbachev Reforms Continue

The End of Empire?

Table of Contents

Introduction

1 Gorbachev Speaks

  1. Introduction 1
  2. Gorbachev's Most Important Speeches, 1989 3
  3. To Build up the Intellectual Potential of Perestroika (6 Jan) 7
  4. Speech on Central Television [on Inter-Ethnic Violence] (1 July) 22
  5. Address to the 1st Session of USSR Supreme Soviet. On Visits to Great
  6. Britain, West Germany, France and WTO PCC Meeting (1 Aug) 25
  7. Everything of Value Should be Put Into Practice (6 Nov) 38

2 Politburo Communlques

  1. Introduction 41
  2. CPSU CC Organ Memberships, (Politburo, Secretariate, Commissions).
  3. 1989 42
  4. Politburo Communiques 44

3 Laws and Decrees

  1. Introduction 73
  2. Nagorno-Karabakh: A Decree (Jan) and a Resolution (Nov)
  3. 1. USSR Supreme Soviet Presidium Decree, "On Introducing a Special Form of Administration in the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast of the Azerbaidzhan SSSR" (12 Jan) 75
  4. 2. USSR Supreme Soviet Resolution, "On Measures to Normalize the Situation in the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast" (28 Nov) 76
  5. Cooperatives: A Decree (Feb), a Law (Oct), and a Resolution (Oct)
  6. 1. USSR Supreme Soviet Decree, "On the Income Tax on Cooperatives" (23 Feb) 77
  7. 2. USSR Law, "On the Introduction of Changes and Amendments to the USSR Law. 'On Cooperatives in the USSR"' (16 Oct) 79
  8. 3. USSR Supreme Soviet Resolution, "On Ordering the Trading and Purchasing Activity of Cooperatives and Regulating Prices for Goods (Services) Sold by Cooperatives to the Population ands to Organizations" (21 Oct) 80
  9. Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet Decree, "On Instituting Changes and Additions in the USSR Law 'On Criminal Responsibility for State Crimes' and Several Other USSR Legislative Acts" (8 Apr) 81
  10. Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet Decree, "About Making Changes to the USSR Law, 'On Universal Compulsory Military Service"' (10 Apr) 83
  11. USSR Supreme Soviet Law, "On the Council of Ministers" (29 June) 83
  12. USSR Supreme Soviet Law, "On the Procedure for Resolving Collective Labor Dispute (Conflicts)" (9 Oct) 85
  13. USSR Supreme Soviet Law, "On the USSR State Budget for 1990" (31 Oct) 88
  14. Fundamental Legislation of the USSR and Union Republics, "On Leasing" (23 Nov) 92
  15. USSR Law, "On the Economic Independence of the Lithuanian SSR, the Estonian SSR, and the Latvian SSR" (27 Nov) 100
  16. USSR Law, "On Constitutional Review in the USSR" (23 Dec) 102

4 Perestroika

  1. Introduction 109
  2. Comrade Lenin (21 Jan) 111
  3. V. Romaniuk, "Born of Perestroika. A Soviet Concern: First Steps" (12 Feb) 113
  4. O. Bogomolov, et alia, "Letter to the Editor: Perestroika and Morality" [In Defence of Aganbegyan and Zaslavskaia] (14 Feb) 115
  5. Legal Levers for Renewal. Materials of the CPSU CC Plenum (11 May) 118
  6. Discipline, Order--The Decisive Condition for Raising the Economy and Filling the Market with Products (5 Oct) 120
  7. In the USSR Council of Ministers [Social & Economic Growth Issues] (20 Oct) 121
  8. The CPSU
  9. Introduction 124
  10. Report of the General Secretary of the CPSU CC, M.S. Gorbachev, at the CPSU CC Plenum, 25 April 1989 [CPSU CC Resignations] (25 Apr) 126
  11. CPSU CC Slogans for the 72nd Anniversary of the Great October Revolution (1 Nov) 129
  12. Government and Society: The Election Process
  13. Introduction 129
  14. V.N. Kudriavtsev, "Supremacy of the Law" (25 Jan) 132
  15. Inform People Better. In the Politbure Commission of the CPSU (8 Feb) 135
  16. G. Sazonov, "Candidate from the Party: Vasilii Belov: 'Do Not Be Afraid of GIasnost!'" (5 Mar) 136
  17. Reporting the Campaign: Media Debate on Political Rallies in Moscow (2329 May) 137
  18. N.I. Ryzhkov. "Switching from Words to Practical Actions" (11 June) 142
  19. USSR Congress of People's Deputies Resolution "On the Basic Guidelines for the Domestic and Foreign Policy of the USSR" (25 June) 143
  20. Inter-Regional Group Analyzes its Work (17 Dec) 155
  21. The Economy
  22. Introduction 155
  23. I. Prostiakov, "We Speak About Things of Which Everyone Speaks: What is Possible, What is Impossible. and Why" (2 Jan) 157
  24. S.A. Sitarian, "Reform: Step by Step" (5 Jan) 159
  25. V.P. Chichkanov. "Cost-Accounting of the Provinces and the Province of Cost-Accounting" (27 Jan) 164
  26. USSR Council of Ministers, "On Measures to Eliminate Shortcomings in Existing Pricing Practice" (3 Feb) 167
  27. L.I. Abalkin. "Lunar Landscape" (8 Feb) 171
  28. BI. Gostev, "Taxes According to Income" (17 Apr) 176
  29. Otto Latsis, "Why do we Live Poorly?" (19 Apr) 180
  30. Otto Latsis, "Returning to the Previously Printed Article: '...Can we become Wealthy?"' (10 May) 184
  31. Labor
  32. Introduction 188
  33. S.A. Shalaev. "On the Rights of Trade Unions" (3 May) 190
  34. Discipline--The Ally of Perestroika (4 May) 194
  35. USSR Supreme Soviet Statute, "On Workers' Control of Trade Unions" (19 May) 195
  36. USSR Supreme Soviet Resolution, "On Urgent Measures to Guarantee the Uninterrupted Functioning of Railroad Transport..." (3 Oct) 200
  37. V. Filippov, et alia, "Direct Line: In the Mining Region" (7 Nov) 201
  38. Trade
  39. Introduction (with the help of Debbie L. Wolanski) 202
  40. A. Liutyi, "Will the 'Big Mac' Debut Soon? Concerning a Certain Joint Venture" (9 Mar) 203
  41. The State Bank Makes An Announcement [On the Ruble Exchange Rate] (25 Oct) 205
  42. M. Berger, "Commercial Overview. The Ruble and the Dollar: Details of Their Relationship" (28 Oct) 206
  43. Agriculture
  44. Introduction (with the help of Effie Panoussos) 207
  45. Ye. K. Ligachev, et alia. "At the Center of Contemporary Agrarian Policy --is Man" (3 Mar) 208
  46. M.S. Gorbachev, "On the Agrarian Policy of the CPSU in the Current Conditions" (15 Mar) 212

5 Glasnost: Media, Ideology, De-Stalinlzation

  1. Glasnost
  2. Introduction 235
  3. The Creative Search on Behalf of Perestroika [Mosfilm] (17 Jan) 237
  4. V. Boldyrev, "More Democracy--Fewer Secrets" [Glavlit] (9 Feb) 238
  5. Ideology
  6. Introduction 242
  7. F.M. Burlatskii and A.A. Adamishin. "On the Way to 1991" (25 Jan) 243
  8. A.S. Kapto, "By Strength of Example, and by Strength of Conviction" (20 Feb) 249
  9. New Sovetskii Patriot (19 May) 254
  10. G. Lisichkin, "Nina Andreeva: For and Against" (24 Aug) 254
  11. Ye.K. Ligachev. "Socialism has a Colossal Resource. It Cannot be Improved by Capitalism" (27 Oct) [21] (Agric/Ideol) 257
  12. Media
  13. Introduction 265
  14. Building Up an Ideological Guarantee for Perestroika (8 Mar) 267
  15. Ya. Kapeliush, "Public Opinion About People's Deputies" (13 Oct) 268
  16. De-Stallnlzation
  17. Introduction 270
  18. CPSU CC, "On Additional Measures to Restore Justice in Connection with Victims of Repressions which Took Place in the 1930s-40s, and early 1950s" (6 Jan) 272
  19. N. Popov, "We Are All in the Same Boat" (1 Mar) 273
  20. USSR Supreme Soviet Declaration, "On the Recognition as Unlawful and Criminal The Repressive Acts Against Peoples Who Were Subjected to Forced Resettlement, and On Guaranteeing Their Rights (14 Nov) 278
  21. USSR Congress of People's Deputies Resolution, "On a Political and Legal Appraisal of the Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact of 1939" (24 Dec) 279

6 Education

  1. Introduction (with the help of Kathleen Csaba) 281
  2. V. Karakovskii, "Congress of the Not Indifferent. 6% of the State Budget Goes to Education" (21 Jan) 282
  3. I. Prelovskaia, "This was Only the First Step. The New Leadership of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences Must Undergo Radical Perestroika"
  4. (5 Feb) 283
  5. M. Belaia, "From Competent Sources: There will be an Exam, but there still are no Textbooks" (8 Feb) 284
  6. E. Lenskaia, "Friendship,,,Through a Translator. The Fate of Foreign Languages in School Causes Great Concern" (15 May) 286
  7. I. Saltykov, "Enfranchised Liberty? (27 Aug) 288
  8. V. Kismereshkin, "Every Day in this Place. "We are the Forum! Say 5 Million Students Today" (14 June) 288
  9. Yu. Poliakov, "The Truth of History--a la Carte!" (17 Sept) 290
  10. Education and Patriotism
  11. Introduction 291
  12. Students and the Army (13 Apr) 291
  13. N. Vasiliev, "Bearing a Grudge!" (25 Apr) 292
  14. A. Pozniak, "Problems of Youth: To Become a Citizen" (7 June) 293

7 Nationality Issues

  1. Introduction: "The End of Empire?" Essay by Karen Ballentine 295
  2. Declaration of the International Front [Interfront] of Working People in the Latvian SSR (8 Jan) 299
  3. I. Teterin, "A Precedent, or What is Behind the Law on Language Adopted at a Session of the Estonian SSSR Supreme Soviet, 18 January" (21 Jan) 306
  4. Latvian SSR Draft Law on Addendum to Latvian SSR Constitution [on Latvian Language] (1 Feb) 308
  5. Draft Program of the People's Movement in Ukraine for Perestroika [Rukh] (16 Feb) 308
  6. A. Karpov, "With Concern About the Native Language" (25 Feb) 317
  7. O. Meshkov and A. Chernenko, "Boundary Strip. Reflections on Civic Movements in Latvia" (1 Mar) 317
  8. N. Nikolaev, "Greetings 'Otechestvo '!" [Russian Nationalism] (9 Apr) 320
  9. I. Sidorov. "We Are Learning Democracy. On the Question of Rights" [Pamiat] (29 Apr) 321
  10. Z. Uraksin, "Our Dialogue: How Different the Territories of my Tribe" (11May) 322
  11. Lithuanian SSR Law, "On the Introduction of Amendments to the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Lithuanian SSR" (19 May) 324
  12. CPSU CC Statement on Baltic Region (27 Aug) 325
  13. Law on Sovereignty is Adopted [Azerbaidzhan] (6 Oct) 329
  14. M. Ovcharov, "RSFSR People's Front is Created" (23 Oct) 329
  15. USSR Supreme Soviet Resolution, "On the Discrepancy between Certain Union Republic Acts of Legislation and the USSR Constitution" (10 Nov) 330
  16. CPSU CC Nationality Plenum, 19-20 Sept
  17. M.S. Gorbachev, "Report on the Nationality Policy of the Party under Present Conditions" (19 Sept) 330
  18. CPSU CC, "Nationality Policy of the Party under Current Conditions" (20 Sept) 345

8 Foreign Policy

  1. Introduction (with the help of Harry Neumann) 357
  2. General G. Mirskil, "Speech at the UNO...," (25 Jan) 359
  3. M.S. Gorbachev, Meeting with the Chinese People (17 May) 362
  4. V. Zhurkin, "A Common Home for Europe. Reflections on How to Build It" (17 May) 371
  5. A. Migranian, "Events, Analysis. Epitaph to the 'Brezhnev Doctrine"' (20 Aug) 374
  6. V. Korionov, "Notes of a Political Observer: Moving Towards Each Other" [USSR & USA] (14 Nov) 377
  7. E.A. Shevardnadze, "Common Concerns--Close Partnership" [USSR & Canada] (23 Nov) 379
  8. USSR Congress of People's Deputies Resolution, "On a Political Assessment of the Entry of Soviet Troops Into Afghanistan in 1979" (24 Dec) 382
  9. Igor Kudrin, "International Panorama" [Events in Eastern Europe] (24 Dec) 382
  10. Military
  11. Introduction 383
  12. Moiseev, Gen. M. "The Soviet Military Doctrine. Orientation Towards Defence" (13 Mar) 384

9 Environmental and Quality of Life Issues

  1. Introduction (text and selection by G. Ozornoy) 391
  2. A. Mironov, "Experts Have Determined..." (29 Jan) 393
  3. F. Morgun, "Ecology in the System of Planning" (Feb) 395
  4. P. Voshchanov, "The Homeless" (9 Apr) 396
  5. V. Ivanitskii, "On the Nature Watch from the First Session of the State Committee" (29 Apr) 399
  6. "Oh, Youth: An Open Letter to USSR People's Deputies from Komsomol" (18 May) 400
  7. E. Salina, "Is it Easy to Give Birth?" (18 June) 401
  8. S. Turanov, "It's Still Not Too Late" (5 July) 404
  9. Yu. Tsaturov, "Who Will Give Us a Chance" (14 Aug) 406
  10. A. Tsygankov, "The Logic of Ecology" (Sept) 407
  11. M. Rostarchuk, "Ecology: New Approaches Are Needed" (25 Sep) 409
  12. N.N. Vorontsov [An Interview] (Oct) 411
  13. A. Yablokov, "Saving the Environment and the Law" (9 Oct) 413
  14. S. Revina, "The Main State Board of Ecological Experts" (14 Oct) 416

Glossary 418

Bibliography 420

Indexes

  1. Names 425
  2. Subjects 427
  3. Institutions, Ministries. Committees and Councils 432
  4. Geography and Places 433

 

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