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  • 1987 The Gorbachev Reforms Contents
  • 1988 Perestroika-The Second Stage Contents
  • 1989 The End of Empire? Contents
  • 1990 Vol. 1 Restructuring Perestroika Contents
  • 1990 Vol. 2 Restructuring Perestroika Contents
  • 1991 Vol. 1 Disintegration of the USSR Contents
  • 1991 Vol. 2 Disintegration of the USSR Contents
  • 1992 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1992 Vol. 2 CIS and Successor States Contents
  • 1993 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1993 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1994 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1994 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1995 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1995 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1996 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1996 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents

 

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Russia and Eurasia Documents Annual 1991

(Formerly USSR Documents Annual)

Volume 1 Disintegration of the USSR

Table of Contents

Introduction

Chapter 1 Gorbachev and the Collapse of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union

  1. Introduction 1
  2. The CPSU Before the Coup 2
  3. Major Gorbachev Speeches and Interviews, 1991 3
  4. Politburo Communiqués 6
  5. M.S. Gorbachev, Toward a New Version of Social Progress (6 Jan) 12
  6. S. Orliuk, Evening Call to Bolshevik Headquarters (3 Apr) 15
  7. I. Kolesnikova, The Party Lives! (23 Apr) 16
  8. Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Draft Party Program, Socialism, Democracy, Progress (26 Jul) 17
  9. V. Tishkov, Between the Past...and the Future? Reflections on the Draft of the New CPSU Program (8 Aug) 25
  10. CPSU Expels Gorbachev (4 Sep) 30
  11. N. Barvenok, Against Arbitrariness and Lawlessness (8 Oct) 30
  12. A. Molokov, Parties, Movements: They Called Themselves Bolsheviks 31 (12 Nov) 31
  13. N. Liaporov, And Again Disagreements (9 Nov) 31
  14. Interview with Nina Andreeva (20 Nov) 32
  15. A. Frolov, Parties, Movements. How Shall We Place the Commas (28 Nov) 32

Chapter 2 New USSR Laws

  1. Introduction 34
  2. USSR Law, Fundamentals of Employment Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics (5 Jan) 34
  3. USSR Law, On The Regulation of Hard Currency (1 Mar) 45
  4. USSR Law, The USSR Customs Code (26 Mar) 51
  5. USSR Law, On the USSR Cabinet of Ministers (28 Mar) 77
  6. USSR Law, On the General Principles of Business Activity of Citizens in the USSR (2 Apr) 85
  7. USSR Law, On the General Principles of Private Enterprise in the USSR (2 Apr) 88
  8. USSR Law, On the Precedure for Exit from the USSR and Entry into the USSR by Citizens of the USSR (20 May) 91
  9. USSR Law, On the Judicial Examination by the Courts of Appeals on Declaring a Legal Act Illegal and on the Introduction of Additions to the USSR Law On the USSR Procuracy (11 Jun) 95
  10. USSR Law, On the Fundamental Principles of Denationalization and Privatization of Enterprises (1 Jul) 96

Chapter 3 Government and Politics

  1. Introduction 104
  2. Main Organs of the USSR Government, 1991, Pre-August Coup
  3. List of Ministries and Other Central Organs of the USSR State Government to August 1991 and Officeholders 106
  4. S. Lushchikov, Presidential Power in the USSR Ends and Means (13 Feb) 108
  5. Yu.D. Masliukov, The Creative Vertical (28 Feb) 111
  6. V. Bushin, The Many Sides of An Academician. How S.S. Shatalin Confirms Well Known Wisdom: Style-Is the Man (2 Mar) 113
  7. In the USSR Cabinet of Ministers (4 Mar) 119
  8. A. Stepovoi, S Chugarev, The Formation of the USSR Security Council (7 Mar) 121
  9. Draft Treaty of the Union of Sovereign Republics (9 Mar) 123
  10. USSR Supreme Soviet Resolution, On Assistance by the USSR Congress of People's Deputies in Conducting a Referendum (11 Mar) 129
  11. B. Sobakin, How Much Power Does the President Have? (11 Mar) 130
  12. Aleksei Levinson, In Whom Do We Trust (5 Mar) 133
  13. M.S. Gorbachev, To Preserve Our Great Union State (15 Mar) 133
  14. Referendum Ballot Advertisement (16 Mar) 134
  15. Joint Statement on Immediate Measures to Stabilize the Situation in the Country [Anti-Crisis Measures] (24 Apr) 136
  16. Galina Sillaste, Women in Political Life (May) 137
  17. Gorbachev Answers a Question from the Editors of Pravda [On Leningrad's name] (8Jun) 145
  18. Russia
  19. G. Alimov, Contradictions Removed. On the Results of the Kremlin Meeting [on RSFSR units] (13 May) 145
  20. Report of the Central Electoral Commission for the Election of the President of the RSFSR (20 Jun) 146
  21. RSFSR President Decree, On the Organization of Work of the RSFSR Government Under the Conditions of Economic Reform (6 Nov) 147
  22. RSFSR Supreme Soviet Resolution, Declaration of Human and Civil Rights and Freedoms (22 Nov) 151
  23. Who's Who on the Yeltsin "Team" (25 Nov) 155
  24. Russian Federation President Decree, On Urgent Measures to Implement Land Reform in the RSFSR (27 Dec) 156

Chapter 4 The Economy, Trade, Labor, and Agriculture

  1. Introduction 159
  2. V. Gribov, On the Road to Stabilizing the Economy. Commentary on the Decrees of the President of the Country (3 Jan) 162
  3. Yu. Rytov, On the Eve of the Shock. A Statistical Overview of the Past Year (5 Jan) 163
  4. A. Shchipantsev, Whoever has the Money, has the Right. Shady Capital is Establishing Its Own Ethics Through the Market Strategy (8 Jan) 165
  5. A. Stepovoi, The Country's Budget is Approved (12 Jan) 167
  6. Yu. Rytov, Statistics and Our Commentary. Ahead of the Price Reform (14 Jan) 169
  7. USSR Supreme Soviet Resolution, On the USSR Government's Economy in 1991 (2 Jan) 170
  8. E. Gonzalez, Is a Hundred-Ruble Bank Note Not Money? (23 Jan) 172
  9. Operation `Banknote' Continues (25 Jan) 174
  10. S. Shpilko, V. Kosmarskii, What the Population Thinks About the Exchange of Money (12 Feb) 178
  11. V.S. Pavlov, On the Reform of Retail Prices and the Social Protection of the Population (18 Feb) 179
  12. L. Abalkin, What Awaits Us? (Feb) 186
  13. I. Zhagel, There Are Contracts, But No Deliveries (6 Mar) 188
  14. USSR Cabinet of Ministers Resolution, On the Reform of Retail Prices and the Social Protection of the Population (19 Mar) 189
  15. USSR President Decree, On the Reform of Retail Prices and the Social Protection of the Population (19 Mar) 199
  16. Agreement of the USSR and the Republics on Questions of the Reform of Retail prices and the Social Protection of the Population (20 Mar) 202
  17. At the USSR State Committee for Prices and the USSR Ministry of Finance (30 Apr) 207
  18. On the Regulation of Currency Transactions on the Territory of the USSR (Basic Provisions) (May) 210
  19. The Production Decline Has Been Halted. Studying the USSR Goskomstat Report (22 Jul) 220
  20. Labor
  21. Introduction 222
  22. V. Golovachev, Main Argument of the Trade Unions. Meeting of the USSR President with the Leaders of the Country's Trade Unions (21 Feb) 223
  23. Letter from the Trade Unions to the President (12 Mar) 226
  24. I. Demchenko, No Faith in the Government (20 Mar) 227
  25. USSR Supreme Soviet Resolution. On the Miner's Strike (21 Mar) 228
  26. News From the Mining Regions (26 Mar) 229
  27. USSR President Decree, On Urgent Measures to Assure the Stable Operation of Fundamental Sectors of the National Economy (16 May) 229
  28. Agriculture
  29. Introduction 230
  30. M. Petrov, There Are No More Peasants in the Council of the Union of Russian Agrarian Workers,] (4 Jan) 232
  31. V. Belikov, How To Feed The Capital? (14 Mar) 233
  32. M. Petrov, Cabinet of Ministers Ponders Spring Sowing (15 Mar) 234
  33. M. Petrov, A Russian Peasant Party is Created (18 Mar) 236
  34. Statement of the Presidium of the Russian Agrarian Union and the Agrarian Deputies to the 3rd RSFSR Congress of People's Deputies (29 Mar) 236
  35. USSR Supreme Soviet Resolution, On the Situation in Agriculture and Urgent Measures in Preparation for Field Work (4 Apr) 237
  36. USSR President Decree. On Urgent Measures in Agriculture (8 Apr) 240
  37. Our Tasty and Healthy Food (21 Apr) 241
  38. Ivan Totskii, Topical Theme. It is Sinful to Hope for a Savior (14 May) 245
  39. Yu. Lvov, O. Khvastunova, Eat Bread and Water Yasha. There is No Milk (23 Jul) 246
  40. USSR Ministry of Agriculture, Report (13 Sep) 248
  41. Mikhail Silvanovich, Topical Theme: Our Daily Bread (13 Sep) 248
  42. USSR Ministry of Agriculture, On the September Field (20 Sep) 250
  43. Trade and Aid
  44. Introduction 250
  45. V. Peresada, Given the `Green Light' (7 Mar) 253
  46. France-SSSR (8 Mar) 254
  47. A. Sizov, Credits We Already have Eaten (30 Nov) 254

Chapter 5 Media and Culture

  1. Introduction 256
  2. O. Gusarevich, Hand Out the Bullets, Lt. Golitsyn...Is Revolutionary Romanticism Changing Into Revolutionary White Guardism? (8 Jan) 257
  3. A. Khromushin, Yesterday's Paper is Not Needed the Day After Tomorrow (5 Jan) 260
  4. V.l. Arsenev, et alia, Conflict between Gosteleradio and Interfax- Politics or Settling Accounts? (16 Jan) 263
  5. Vitalii Ignatenko, What TASS Will Tell Us (14 Sep) 265

Chapter 6 Education

  1. Introduction 266
  2. A New Course in the School Program (19 Feb) 267
  3. G. Yagodin, A New Salary: From 240 to 350 (25 Feb) 267
  4. About Material Support for Students (22 May) 269
  5. A. Dudov, et alia, The Schoolboy Is Left Without Copybooks (1 Jun) 270
  6. A. Davydov, First Decree of the Russian President (13 Jul) 271
  7. I. Prelovskaia, Yagodin Leaves (23 Jul) 271
  8. I. Ovchinnikova, Education Needs a General Center (11 Sep) 272
  9. A. Zverev, Newspaper for Russian Teachers (9 Oct) 274

Chapter 7 Nationality and Inter-Republic Issues

  1. Introduction 274
  2. Religion. General 280
  3. V. Romanenko, Colonel V. Alksnis: "Moscow Has Abandoned
  4. Us" (Jan) 282
  5. Statement of the CPSU Politburo on Events in Lithuania (16 Jan) 283
  6. Ye. Shashkov, Political Herostratoses...With An Unpredictable Finale (21 Jan) 284
  7. Ethnic Distribution in the Autonomous Republics, Oblasts and Okrugs in the RSFSR (Jan 1991) 287
  8. USSR Supreme Soviet Resolution, On the Situation in the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast and Steps to Stabilize the Situation in the Region (20 Feb) 288
  9. Armenia SSR Law, The Law on Social-Political Organizations of the Republic of Armenia (26 Feb) 289
  10. Main Territorial Ethnic Claims and Conflicts in the USSR (24 Mar) 291
  11. V. Landsbergis, We Have No Claims on Magadan [An interview] (9 Apr) 293
  12. V. Litvin, Under the Flag of `Freedom.' Draft Agreements between the Governments of the RSFSR and Lithuania (11 Apr) 296
  13. S. Mostovshchikov, Azerbaidzhani-Armenian Border. Blood Flows Again (5 May) 297
  14. K. Prunskiene, I Am Returning to Politics (7 May) 298
  15. V. Gan, Petitioners Rage. Leaders of Baltic Republics in the USA Capital (9 May) 301
  16. V. Gan, "Cold Shoulder" from the President (11 May) 302
  17. S. Tsikora, Ukraine Establishes Its Jurisdiction Over All Enterprises (7 June) 303
  18. RSFSR President Decree, On the State of Emergency in the
  19. Chechen-Ingush Republic (6 Nov) 303
  20. Radical Nationalism and Anti-Semitism 305
  21. V.S. Krivulin, Hasty Legislation (17 Jan) 305
  22. Dmitry Sidorov, Noose on the Eve of Freedom (19 May) 308
  23. Lev Aleynik, A Zionist Congress Opens (27 May) 308
  24. Viewpoint [On Jews] (19 Jun) 309 8 FOREIGN POLICY
  25. Introduction 309 General 313 S. Akhromeev, On The Basis of Accord and Trust [USA/USSR] (21 Jan) 313
  26. M.S. Gorbachev, Speech to USSR Supreme Soviet [On Japan and Korea] (26 Apr) 316
  27. L. Borovoi, Escape of the `Red Negus.' Why the Regime of Mengistu Haile Mariam Collapsed in Ethiopia (23 May) 322
  28. Military 324
  29. N. Burbyga, Transcaucasia Military Service for Volunteers (1 Jan) 325
  30. While Politicians Argue, Paratroopers Relax (11 Jan) 326
  31. S. Akhromeev, Viewpoint. The Cost of Defense (14 Jan) 328
  32. N. Burbyga, et alia, Details for Izvestiia [On Army Patrols] (29 Jan) 331
  33. A. Levinson, The Army. View from the Side (5 Mar) 333
  34. A.A. Alekseev, Amnesty Awaits Deserters (4 Oct) 334
  35. M. S. Gorbachev, Answer of the USSR President to the Initiative of George Bush on Nuclear Arms (6 Oct) 335

Glossary 338

Indexes 340

  1. Names 340
  2. Subject 341
  3. Geography and Places 344
  4. Institutions, Ministries, Committees and Councils 345

 

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