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  • 1987 The Gorbachev Reforms Contents
  • 1988 Perestroika-The Second Stage Contents
  • 1989 The End of Empire? Contents
  • 1990 Vol. 1 Restructuring Perestroika Contents
  • 1990 Vol. 2 Restructuring Perestroika Contents
  • 1991 Vol. 1 Disintegration of the USSR Contents
  • 1991 Vol. 2 Disintegration of the USSR Contents
  • 1992 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1992 Vol. 2 CIS and Successor States Contents
  • 1993 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1993 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1994 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1994 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1995 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1995 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1996 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1996 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents

 

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Russia and Eurasia Documents Annual 1991

(Formerly USSR Documents Annual)

Volume 2 Disintegration of the USSR

Table of Contents

Introduction

Chapter 9 Environmental and Quality of Life Issues

  1. Introduction 1
  2. Draft Action Program (9 Apr) 3
  3. E. Varshavskaia, The Chemical Workers are Not Striking Yet, But the Situation in the Industry is Critical (6 Feb) 14
  4. In the Interests of Women, Family, and Children (7 Feb) 17
  5. InformExpress. Want to Find Love or Friendship in the USSR? (10 Mar) 17
  6. USSR President Decree, About a Minimal Consumer Budget [Poverty] (21 May ) 20
  7. Gregory Reynichenko, The Aral. A Phantom Sea (28 Apr) 21
  8. Ecological Catastrophe? (31 May) 22
  9. E. Kotova, The Caspian. A Disaster Zone (4 Jun) 23
  10. In the Mirror of Statistics [Health Care for Children] (1 Jun) 23
  11. Natalya Davydova, Unemployment Is On the Rise, But Jobs Exist (23 Jun) 24
  12. In the USSR Cabinet of Ministers, On Additional Measures to Regulate the Import and Export of Consumer Goods by USSR Citizens and the Disposal of Goods Confiscated by USSR Customs Organs (26 Jul) 25
  13. USSR President Decree, On Urgent Measures to Increase Production of Goods and Services for the Population (3 Aug) 27
  14. Viktor Romanchin, Screen of Secretiveness Opens Slightly (8 Aug) 28
  15. G. Yastrebtsov, Energetically...Without Energy (12 Aug) 29
  16. Valentin Pavlov, Topical Interview (13 Aug) 30
  17. Socially Dangerous Malnutrition (27 Oct) 32
  18. Ukraine Supreme Soviet Session, Eliminating the Consequences of the Accident at Chernobyl (30 Oct) 33
  19. RSFSR Law, On Protection of the Environment (19 Dec) 34
  20. Emigration
  21. B.N. Chaplin, Law on Exit and Entry in the USSR (8 Feb) 62
  22. F. Ivanov, Exiting the USSR: Should We Hurry? (21 Feb) 64
  23. I. Andreev, The Right to a Passport. How the Law on Exit and Entry Will Work (24 May) 66
  24. Leon Aron, What To Do With Russians? (29 May) 68
  25. Vladimir Gerasimov, Let Dunka Into Europe, (30 May) 69
  26. Border Still Closed. Two Years of Debate-Yet No New Law of Emigration (6 Jun) 71
  27. I. Andreev, Is It Necessary to Leave the USSR Before 1 July? (21 Jun) 77
  28. Ye. Kuzin, I Will Never See You Again...(1 Aug) 78
  29. Obliged to be a Citizen (13 Nov) 78
  30. Yevgenii Zherebenko, On Russian Citizenship (28 Nov) 78
  31. I. Andreev, The Border Is Locked Up Again (1 Dec) 79
  32. Yevgenii Andriushchenko, Run? Where? West is on the Verge of Closing its Borders to Refugees (29 Dec) 79
  33. Crime
  34. Discovered at the Depots (12 Jan) 81
  35. No Shame, No Conscience (17 Jan) 81
  36. V. S. Pavlov, Prime Minister Explains [Currency Reform] (22 Jan) 82
  37. MVD Major General V. Runyshkov, Shadow Economy Manipulators (2 Feb) 82
  38. Theft, Corruption, Speculation (21 Feb) 85
  39. Valerii Rudnev, Upwards on the Criminal Ladder (8 Apr) 85
  40. USSR Supreme Soviet Resolution, On Urgent Measures to Stop the Propaganda of Pornography, The Cult of Violence and of Cruelty (12 Apr) 87
  41. Mikhail Gartovi, The Black Market. Rubles by Weight (5 May) 88
  42. USSR Cabinet of Ministers, On the Procedure for Levying and Scales of State Duty for Drawing up Documents, Resolution for Entry Into and Exit from the USSR (1 Jul) 89
  43. S. Sergeev, V. Otryvanov, Thefts from Railroad Pose Mounting Problems (30 Jul) 90
  44. Reports on Crime and the Right to Bear Arms (6 Aug) 90
  45. V. Rudnev, S. Mostovshchikov, A Welcome to Arms? The USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs Has Started Talking Seriously About the Possibility of Arms Trade in the Soviet Union (7 Aug) 91
  46. A. A. Oleinkov, How and What the KGB is Sharing with the RSFSR KGB (1 Nov) 94
  47. A. A. Oleinkov, "The Problem is That All Republics Make Claims on the Central Apparatus" (2 Nov) 95
  48. V. Belykh, Foreigners are in the "Risk Zone" (13 Nov) 96

Chapter 10 From Coup to Commonwealth. A Documentary Narrative From January to December

  1. Introduction 97
  2. The August Coup: A Thirty Day Chronology, 18 August-17 September 1991 By Rafal Rohozinski 97
  3. Moscow News Meets Eduard Shevardnadze (Jan 1991) 107
  4. V.A. Kriuchkov, KGB. At Whom Are the Letters Aimed? (23 Jan) 109
  5. Professor Yuri Levada, Social Barometer. Opinion Poll Findings (Preliminary) (Jan) 117
  6. USSR President Decree, On Measures to Combat Economic Sabotage and Other Crimes in the Economic Sphere (26 Jan) 118
  7. USSR Supreme Soviet Resolution, On the Speech Delivered Over Central Television 19 February 1991 by the Chairman of the RSFSR Supreme Soviet, B.N. Yeltsin (20 Feb) 119
  8. N. Andreev, How to Avoid a Catastrophe? Soiuz Deputies Group. Emergency Situation Will Save Us (22 Apr) 120
  9. I. Demchenko, How to Avoid a Catastrophe? Politicians' Roundtable. On the Path to Civil Accord (22 Apr) 122
  10. Concluding Speech by M.S. Gorbachev, General Secretary of the CPSU CC, at the Party Central Committee Plenum (25 Apr) 124
  11. USSR Law. On State Security Agencies in the USSR (16 May) 129
  12. Appeal of the Asociation of Groups of People's Deputies, "Accord" (22 May) 139
  13. Ye. Ligachev, To Whom This Persistent Bogey is Advantageous (28 May) 140
  14. L. Nikitinskii, It Is Hard To be a Political God (7 Jun) 142
  15. B. Lavrin, D. Mutagirov, V. Staroverov, We Predict Unpredictability. Strokes Towards a Portrait of B.N. Yeltsin (10 Jun) 145
  16. Statute on Military Councils in the USSR Armed Forces, USSR KGB Troops, USSR MVD Internal Troops, and Railway Troops (22 Jun) 147
  17. H.R. Karutz, Divisions for Gorbachev (25 Jun) 149
  18. The Last Day in Novo-Ogarevo and an Interview with Viktor Alksnis (27 Jun) 149
  19. V. Litovkin, Why the President Has Military Councils (28 Jun) 153
  20. Nikolai Andreev, Political Diary. Who Will Join The Party? (3 Jul) 154
  21. Nina Andreeva and Others (15 Jul) 156
  22. G. Shipitko, The Positions of `Soiuz' Are Unchanged (16 Jul) 157
  23. RSFSR President Decree. On Discontinuing the Activities of Organ- izational Structures, Political Parties, and Mass Public Movements in the State Organs, Institutions, and Organizations of the RSFSR (20 Jul) 157
  24. Treaty on the Union of Sovereign States (23 Jul) 159
  25. A Word to the People (23 Jul) 165
  26. CPSU Central Control Commission Statement, In Defense of the Constitutional Rights, Honor and Dignity of Communists (25 Jul) 168
  27. Statements of CPSU Plenum Participants. O.R. Latsis (29 Jul) 170
  28. RSFSR Communist Party Central Committee Resolution, On Urgent Questions of the Work of the RSFSR Communist Party Organizations in Connection with the 20 July 1991 Decree of the RSFSR President, "On Discontinuing the Activities of Organizational Structures, Political Parties, and Mass Public Movements in the State Organs, Institutions, and Organizations of the RSFSR" (6 Aug) 172
  29. A. Lukianov, Statement by the Chairman of the USSR Supreme Soviet [on the Union Treaty] (16 Aug) 173
  30. In the USSR Cabinet of Ministers (16 Aug) 174
  31. USSR Vice-President Decree (18 Aug) 174
  32. G.I. Yanaev, V. Pavlov, O. Baklanov, Statement of the Soviet Leadership (18 Aug) 175
  33. G.I.Yanaev, Address to the Heads of States and Governments and to the General Secretary of the UNO (18 Aug) 175
  34. State Committee for the State of Emergency in the USSR, Appeal to the Soviet People (18 Aug) 176
  35. Meeting of Soviet Leadership with Journalists (19 Aug) 179
  36. State Committee for the State of Emergency in the USSR, Resolution No. 1 (19 Aug) 183
  37. State Committee for the State of Emergency in the USSR, Resolution No. 2 (19 Aug) 185
  38. Statement of the State Committee for the State of Emergency in the USSR (20 Aug) 185
  39. Position of the RSFSR Leadership (20 Aug) 186
  40. International Reaction to Events in the USSR (20 Aug) 186
  41. Statement by the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia (20 Aug) 187
  42. A. Vasinskii, G. Shipitko, In the Conditions of a State of Emergency (20 Aug) 188
  43. Ivan Yelistrato, G. Shipitko, I. Abakumov, Position of the Leadership of Russia (20 Aug) 189
  44. Acting President of the USSR Decree, On the Decrees of the RSFSR President No's 59, 61 and 63 of 19 August 1991 (20 Aug) 190
  45. State Committee for the State of Emergency in the USSR, Resolution No. 3 (20 Aug) 190
  46. State Committee for the State of Emergency in the USSR, Report (21 Aug) 191
  47. Lt. Col. Tkachenko, The Night of Our Anxieties (21 Aug) 192
  48. Statement Issued by the North American Atlantic Council Meeting in Ministerial Session at NATO Headquarters, Brussels, on 21 August 1991 193
  49. B.N. Yeltsin, Speech (22 Aug) 195
  50. USSR President Decree, On the Abolition of the Anti-Constitutional Acts of the Organizers of the State Rebellion (22 Aug) 199
  51. M.S. Gorbachev, Statement on Soviet Television (22 Aug) 199
  52. M.S. Gorbachev, Press Conference (22 Aug) 201
  53. Andrei Zhdankin, Operation to Seize the Plotters (23 Aug) 209
  54. RSFSR President Decree, On Suspending the Activity of the Communist Party of the RSFSR (24 Aug) 211
  55. M.S. Gorbachev, On the Dissolution of the CPSU CC, and His Own Resignation from the Position as General-Secretary of the CPSU CC. (24 Aug) 211
  56. USSR President Decree, On the USSR Cabinet of Ministers. (24 Aug) 212
  57. USSR President Decree, On Stopping the Activity of Political Parties and Political Movements in the USSR Armed Forces and all other Military Forces, the Law Enforcement Organs, and the State Apparat (24 Aug) 212
  58. USSR President Decree, About the Property of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. (24 Aug) 213
  59. M.S. Gorbachev, Televised Speech (26 Aug) 213
  60. I.D. Laptev, Why the "Experts on the People" Miscalculated (26 Aug) 219
  61. Major General A. N. Sterligov, How Kriuchkov Was Arrested (27 Aug) 222
  62. USSR Supreme Soviet Decree, On the Situation in the Country in Connection With the State Coup (30 Aug) 223
  63. USSR Law, On Investigation Into the Coup D'Etat (31 Aug) 225
  64. Union Parliament Creates a Commission to Investigate the State Coup D'Etat Which Took Place on 18-21 August, 1991 (2 Sep) 227
  65. Statement by the USSR President and the Top Leaders of the Union Republics (2 Sep) 227
  66. Opinion of People's Deputies, Who Will be the Leaders? (2 Sep) 228
  67. Congress of USSR People's Deputies Resolution, On Measures Resulting from the Joint Statement of the USSR President and the Highest Leaders of Union Republics and Decisions of the Extra- ordinary Session of the USSR Supreme Soviet (5 Sep) 229
  68. Declaration of Human Rights and Freedoms (5 Sep) 230
  69. USSR Law. On the Organs of State Power and Government of the USSR in the Transitional Period (5 Sep) 233
  70. Aleksandr Bovin, From Perestroika to Revolution (10 Sep) 234
  71. The Three Day Putsch. Izvestiia 's Investigation... And the Detainees Complain About Their Health and Poor Tea (12 Sep) 235
  72. V. Rudnev, The Three Day Putsch. Izvestiia 's Investigation, The Lawyers Are Already Arguing... (12 Sep) 236
  73. Disorders in the USSR. The Coup Described by Marshal Shaposhnikov (13 Sep) 238
  74. I. Sichka, The Pecking Order. Are We Perched Well? (13 Sep) 240
  75. S. Mostovshchikov, A Few Cadres No Longer Decide Everything in the USSR KGB (13 Sep) 241
  76. M.S. Gorbachev, Democratic Choices Prevent Me From Acting In Any Other Way (19 Sep) 242
  77. Valentin Stepankov, Predictions are Premature (17 Sep) 243
  78. Lt. Gen. Yurii Rodionov, On the Changes in the Leadership of the USSR Ministry of Defense (17 Sep) 244
  79. Sergei Stepashin, Nikolai Riabov, The USSR KGB Must Stop Existing (18 Sep) 245
  80. Igor Baranovsky, Bush Couldn't Get Through to Gorbachev (22 Sep) 247
  81. Alexander Tsipko, What Next? The Significance of Current Revolutions Remains a Secret (22 Sep) 248
  82. Aleksei Adzhubei, It Was Possible for Me Involuntarily to Kill the President (23 Sep) 249
  83. A. N. Yakovlev, All Democrats Must Unite (27 Sep) 253
  84. A. S. Cherniaev, Foros August-91. Diary of Presidential Aide Anatoli Cherniaev (30 Sep) 257
  85. A. Ilin, View From the Editorial Office. Statement by the Action Group to Rally Russia's Socialist-Oriented Left-wing Forces (3 Oct) 267
  86. Alexander Yakovlev, Moscow. The Background to the Coup (7 Oct) 268
  87. Treaty on the Economic Community (4 and 18 Oct) 269
  88. Public Opinion Poll. September (21 Oct) 277
  89. B. N. Yeltsin, Statement to RSFSR Parliament (28 Oct) 278
  90. USSR State Council Resolution, On the Status of the USSR Armed Forces (14 Nov) 290
  91. An Interview with Viktor Alksnis: I Grieve for Our Unified Area (27 Nov) 291
  92. S.Chugaev, Russia and the Union on the Edge of an Interparliamentary Crisis, (29 Nov) 294
  93. Statement of Boris Yeltsin on the Recognition by Russia of the Independence of Ukraine (3 Dec) 295
  94. M.S. Gorbachev, Appeal to the Parliamentarians of the Country [On Signing the Union Treaty] (3 Dec) 296
  95. Statement of the Heads of State, Republics of Belarus, RSFSR, Ukraine (8 Dec) 298
  96. Statement of the Governments of the Republics of Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine on the Coordination of Economic Policy (8 Dec) 298
  97. Agreement on the Creation of a Commonwealth of Independent States (8 Dec) 299
  98. USSR President Decree, Decree on the [USSR] Military Oath (13 Dec) 301
  99. The Alma-Ata Declaration (21 Dec) 301
  100. Commonwealth of Independent States. Alma-Ata Agreements (21 Dec) 301
  101. 1. Decision of the Council of the Heads of States in the Commonwealth of Independent States (21 Dec) 303
  102. 2. Protocol of the Agreement on the Creation of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Signed 8 December 1991 in Minsk by the Republic of Belarus, the Russian Federation (RSFSR), and Ukraine (21 Dec) 303
  103. 3. Protocol of the Conference of the Heads of Independent States (23 Dec) 303
  104. 4. Agreement on the Coordination of Institutes of the Commonwealth of Independent States (23 Dec) 304
  105. 5. Agreement of Joint Measures in Relation to Nuclear Weapons (23 Dec) 304
  106. M.S. Gorbachev, Televised Resignation Speech (25 Dec) 305
  107. B. N. Yeltsin, Televised Address to the People of Russia (29 Dec) 307
  108. Further Readings on the August Coup d'Etat, 1991, and the Founding of the Commonwealth 312

Glossary 319

Indexes 321

  1. Names 321
  2. Subjects 323
  3. Geography and Places 326
  4. Institutions, Ministries, Committees and Councils 327

 

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