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REDA Contents

  • 1987 The Gorbachev Reforms Contents
  • 1988 Perestroika-The Second Stage Contents
  • 1989 The End of Empire? Contents
  • 1990 Vol. 1 Restructuring Perestroika Contents
  • 1990 Vol. 2 Restructuring Perestroika Contents
  • 1991 Vol. 1 Disintegration of the USSR Contents
  • 1991 Vol. 2 Disintegration of the USSR Contents
  • 1992 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1992 Vol. 2 CIS and Successor States Contents
  • 1993 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1993 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1994 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1994 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1995 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1995 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1996 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1996 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents

 

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Russia and Eurasia Documents Annual 1992

(Formerly USSR Documents Annual)

Volume 1 The Russian Federation

Table of Contents

Introduction

Chapter 1 Government

  1. Introduction 1
  2. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On the Formation of the Russian Federation Ministry of Security (24 Jan) 2
  3. Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation Resolution, On the Procedure for Using the Names "Russia" and "Russian Federation"...(14 Feb) 3
  4. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On the Duties and Authority of the Vice-President of the Russian Federation (26 Feb) 4
  5. Draft Constitution of the Russian Federation (24 Mar) 5
  6. Russian Federal Treaty (13 Mar) 40
  7. Russian Federation Law, On Amendments and Additions to the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Russian Federated Socialist Republic (21 Apr) 43
  8. Russian Federation Law, On Changes and Additions to the Regulations of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation (18 Jun) 54
  9. The Republics of the Russian Federation-Russia (Jun) 58
  10. 1a. Yeltsin Speeches and Interviews 59
  11. Speech to Congress of Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (10 Jan) 59
  12. Speech to the Russian Supreme Soviet (16 Jan) 64
  13. Speech at Army Officer's Assembly, Kremlin Palace (17 Jan) 69
  14. Prepared To Continue the Partnership. Speech by B. N. Yeltsin at a Session of the UN Security Council Session (31 Jan) 73
  15. R. Zaripov, et al., Boris Yeltsin. I Am Still the Same Person (3 Jul) 76

Chapter 2 National Laws and Decrees

  1. Introduction 84
  2. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On the Protection of State Secrets of the Russian Federation (14 Jan) 84
  3. Russian Federation Law, On the Russian Federation Budgetary System for the First Quarter of 1992 (24 Jan) 85
  4. Government of the Russian Federation Resolution, On Acceleration of the Implementation of the 1992 Privatization Program (29 Jan) 88
  5. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On the Acceleration of the Privatization of State and Municipal Enterprises (29 Jan) 90
  6. Russian Federation Supreme Soviet Resolution, On Parliamentary Control of the Activity of Russian Federation State Security and Foreign Intelligence Service Agencies (21 Feb) 111
  7. Government of the Russian Federation Decree, On Certain Questions on the Maintenance of a State Registry of Enterprises (28 May) 112
  8. Russian Federation Law, On Foreign Intelligence (8 Jul) 112
  9. Russian Federation Law, On the Federal Organs of State Security (8 Jul) 119
  10. Russian Federation Law, On Currency Regulation and Currency Control (14 Jul) 126
  11. Russian Federation Law, On the Closed Administrative-Territorial Area (14 Jul) 133
  12. Russian Federation Law, On Defense (24 Sep) 137
  13. Russian Federation Law, On the Monetary System of the Russian Federation (25 Sep) 146

Chapter 3 The Political Scene

  1. Introduction 147
  2. 3a. General 152
  3. Anatolii Sobchak, I Am In The Position Where I Most Need to be (15 Jan) 152
  4. Interview with Vice President Aleksandr Rutskoi (17 Jan) 156
  5. Yevgenii Krasnikov, In February Rutskoi May Become the Shadow Premier. Meanwhile He Seeks Allies (18 Jan) 158
  6. Gennadii Burbulis, We Have No Time To Hope For a Miracle (21 Jan) 159
  7. Aleksandr Rutskoi, Holy Communion at McDonald's. Reflections on What Will Happen to us on "Judgement Day" (31 Jan) 163
  8. Aleksandr Rutskoi, Is There An Exit From the Crisis? (8 Feb) 168
  9. A. Rutskoi, Alternative. "Strong Power-for Democracy" Political Credo of a Vice President (13 Feb) 185
  10. Yevgenii Solomenko, The St. Petersburg Soviet Shows Lack of Confidence in Sobchak (30 Mar) 190
  11. Once a Month With Gorbachev. Mikhail Gorbachev: "Now I Reject the Idea of Revolution" (7 Apr) 191
  12. The "RF-Politika" Center Anticipates. Totalitarianism is Being Resurrected in Russia (9 Jul) 194
  13. Oleg Savel'ev, Rating of the Russian Leaders Fall. Even in Moscow (19 Sep) 197
  14. Political Declaration of the Left and Right Opposition (22 Sep) 198
  15. 3b. The Multi-Party System 202
  16. Mikhail Chelnokov, This Is "Revolutionary Self-Aggrandizement" (18 Jan) 202
  17. Tatiana Malkina, The RMDR is Founded, DRM Disintegrates. While Gavriil Popov Warns the Russian Parliament (18 Feb) 204
  18. Justice. Popular Will. Statehood. Patriotism. Declaration on the Creation of a United Opposition (1 Mar) 206
  19. Yu. Kolesov, And This Is the New Party [National Socialist] (12 May) 207
  20. Vera Kurilchenko, Women to Rescue Spiritually (6 Jun) 208
  21. Ravid Zaripov, A Sign of the Times: People with Megaphones (8 Jul) 209
  22. 25 Parties and 16 Movements Have Registered in Russia (Jul) 215
  23. Georgii Ivanov-Smolenskii, The Party of Zhirinovskii Has Lost Face. For Now the Juridical Face (12 Aug) 216
  24. 3c. Communist Parties 217
  25. Boris Orlov, In the Parties and Movements. Bolshevism of Brownshirts: Split is Inevitable (6 Jan) 217
  26. Inna Muraveva, On Manege Square, the "Varshavianka" Was Played, Red Banners Fluttered and the Specter of Communism Roamed (13 Jan) 218
  27. A. Prigarin, With Whom is the League of Communists? (15 Jan) 218
  28. We Shall Examine Each Other in a Proper Party Manner (20 Feb) 220
  29. Vladimir Todres, Communists Congratulate Women. But the Gift is Left for Later (10 Mar) 220
  30. Will We Again Live Under Socialism? (May) 221
  31. CPSU Central Committee, Appeal to Russian Federation Constitutional Court (13 Jun) 223
  32. Union of Communists Not Allowed to Register (30 Jun) 224
  33. Galina Mashtakova, The Mirage Will Emerge and Vanish Again (4 Jul) 224
  34. Interview with Nina Andreeva of the Russian Communist Party of Bolsheviks (RCPB) (24 Jul) 225
  35. How Many Parties Are There for Communists? (Jul/Aug) 228
  36. The Left Unites (5 Sep) 228
  37. Nina Andreeva, There is No Time to Peel Potatoes (Nov) 228
  38. 3d. Russian Nationalism 230
  39. Aleksandr Rutskoi, I Do Not Want to Live in a "Banana Republic" (17 Jan) 230
  40. Yevgenii Sakhonko, Stand Up For the Fatherland (11 Feb) 232
  41. V. Litov, We Have our Fatherland (25 Feb) 233
  42. Instruction of the Nationwide Veche (17 Mar) 233
  43. Otto Latsis, Who Threatens Us By Civil War (19 Jun) 234
  44. A.Z., Russian Supreme Soviet Discusses Coup Threat (23 Jun) 235
  45. Vladimir Kuznechevskii, Commentary. A Coup D'Etat is Not Expected (11 Jul) 235
  46. A. Chereshnia, A Union with Everyone. Except the Racists (18 Jul) 236
  47. 3e. The "Nationalities" Issue 240
  48. Galina Starovoitova, Mistakes Are Costly (22 Jan) 240
  49. R. Abdulatipov, Where Are you Going Rus? There Is No Answer (18 Feb) 242
  50. Russian President Decree, On Urgent Measures to Rehabilitate Russian Germans (21 Feb) 245
  51. President of Russia Decree, On the Creation of a Region of German Settlement on the Volga Based on Agricultural Complexes, and Guarantees for their Social and Economic Development (21 May) 246
  52. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On Measures to Implement the Russian Federation Law "On the Rehabilitation of Repressed Peoples" in Relation to the Cossacks (15 Jun) 246
  53. Lidiia Osheverova, There Are Changes for the Better in the "Jewish Question" (15 Jun) 248
  54. Russian Federation Supreme Soviet Resolution, Rehabilitation of the Cossacks (16 Jul) 249
  55. Ramazan Abdulatipov, The Regeneration of a People Begins With Consolidation (1 Dec) 250
  56. Vladimir Lysenko, The Federal Center Must Observe Neutrality (1 Dec) 251

Chapter 4 The Republics

  1. Introduction 252
  2. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On Urgent Measures for the Stabilization of the Economy, the Development of the Social Sphere and the Preservation of the Environment of the Republic of Bashkortostan (27 Feb) 254
  3. Appeal of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation to the People, Supreme Soviet and President of the Republic of Tatarstan (5 Mar) 254
  4. Law of the Republic of Tatarstan, On Languages of the Peoples of Tatarstan (30 May) 255
  5. Dmitrii Mikhailin, It Might Not Be Necessary For Us to Know Tatar. But...One Could Lose a Job (23 Jul) 261
  6. Viktor Radzievsky, Bashkiria Eases Out of the Russian Federation (28 Jul) 262
  7. Leokadia Drobizheva, Similarities and Differences. Does Russia Await the Fate of the Union (31 Jul) 263
  8. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On Temporary Borders of the Territory of Implementation of the State of Emergency (12 Nov) 266
  9. Russian Federation Government Decree, On Pressing Measures to Render Urgent Assistance to the Population Suffering as a Result of Inter-Ethnic Conflict in the Territory of the North Ossetian SSR and Ingush Republic (12 Nov) 266

Chapter 5 The 1991 Coup Revisited

  1. Introduction 268
  2. G. Sobolev, A Gap in the Short Hand Record (22 Jan) 269
  3. Appeal from the Families of the Prisoners in the "Sailor's Keep" (23 Jan) 271
  4. Lev Ponomarev, The Russian Special Services Remain Without a Law and Highly Dangerous (7 Feb) 272
  5. A. Lukianov, Your Voice Will Be Heard (15 Mar) 274
  6. V.S. Pavlov, Having Made Myself Familiar with the "Issue"... (21 Mar) 274
  7. Kriuchkov to Yeltsin. The Thunder is Louder in the Matrosskaia Tishina (11 Jul) 275
  8. Vladimir Nadein, Revenge for August 1991 (14 Jul) 280
  9. Interview with Former USSR Vice President Gennadii Ivanovich Yanaev (15 Jul) 282
  10. Gorbachev Column (4 Aug) 286
  11. A. Lukianov, Appeals to his Attorney G.P. Padva (7 Aug) 287
  12. A Television Interview with G. Padva, Lawyer for A. Lukianov (9 Aug) 288
  13. Aleksandr Frolov, Will There Be A Second Edition of the Putsch? (11 Aug) 289
  14. Address to the Nation by President Boris Yeltsin (19 Aug) 292
  15. Yevgenii Lisov, We Always Try to Distance Ourselves From Politics (19 Aug) 296
  16. Alexandr Linkov, The Correct Course Was Selected in August (21 Aug) 298
  17. Protest of V. Varennikov (23 Aug) 298

Chapter 6 Military

  1. Introduction 300
  2. Alexandr Putko, Sentiments in the Army Worry the Military Themselves. About 70 Percent of Officers Advocate Restoring the USSR (5 Feb) 301
  3. Russian Federation President Decree, On Measures to Enhance Social Protection of Servicemen and Persons Discharged from Military Service (19 Feb) 303
  4. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On the Transfer to the Jurisdiction of the Russian Federation Military Formations Located on the Territory of Germany, the Republic of Poland, Mongolia and the Republic of Cuba (4 Mar) 304
  5. President of Russia Decree, On the Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (16 Mar) 305
  6. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Abolition of the Russian Federation State Committee for Defense Questions (26 Mar) 306
  7. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Conscription of Citizens of the Russian Federation for Active Military Service in April/June 1992 and on the Transfer to the Reserves of Soldiers, Sailors, Sergeants, Petty Officers, and Military Construction Workers Who Have Served the Prescribed Terms of Active Military Service (4 Apr) 306
  8. Russian Federation Supreme Soviet Presidium Resolution, On the Russian Federation's Military Policy Priorities (1 Apr) 307
  9. 6a. Black Sea Fleet Crisis 310
  10. Viktor Litovkin, The Black Sea Fleet Holds Both Flags in Reserve: Russian and Ukrainian (4 Jan) 310
  11. Legendary Sevastopol is Impregnable...To Whom? (9 Jan) 311
  12. Fleet Admiral I. Kapitanets, The Fleet is Indivisible (11 Jan) 312
  13. Admiral N.I. Smirnov, Russia and Crimea (15 Jan) 314
  14. Dividing Means Destroying (15 Jan) 317

Chapter 7 Foreign Policy

  1. Introduction 318
  2. Russian-British Joint Declaration (30 Jan) 320
  3. On the Principles of New Mutual Relations. The Camp David Declaration by President Bush and President Yeltsin (3 Feb) 322
  4. Boris Yeltsin's Speech at Versailles Reception (5 Feb) 322
  5. Andrei Kozyrev, The Union Left Russia a Bad Foreign Policy Heritage (1 Apr) 324
  6. Andrei Kozyrev, Address to the 47th Session of the UN General Assembly (22 Sep) 329
  7. 7a. Japan and the Kuril Issue 332
  8. N. Garifullina, From the News Conference of the Russian National Union, Action Week is Opened (7 Feb) 332
  9. Alexandr Anichkin, et al., Japan Has begun To Make It Easier To Deal With Moscow, But There Is Still No Movement On The Territorial Question (13 Feb) 332
  10. N. Garifullina, Kurils Knot. Deputies Try to Solve the Riddle (27 Aug) 334
  11. Vladimir Mikheev, M. Watanabe. If Russia Does Not Give Back Shikotan and Habomai, it Will Violate its Promises (29 Aug) 335
  12. Sergei Agafonov, Moscow Decided to Teach Tokyo a Lesson By "Shock Therapy", it is believed in Moscow (15 Sep) 336

Chapter 8 The Economy

  1. Introduction 339
  2. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On the Acceleration of the Privatization of State and Municipal Enterprises (29 Dec 1991) 342
  3. A.A. Deriabin, This is not Adam Smith's Time(16 Jan) 343
  4. List of Scarce Consumer Goods Banned from Export by Citizens or To Be Sent by Parcel Out of the Russian Federation After 10 January 1992 (16 Jan) 347
  5. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On Measures to Stabilize the Performance of Russian Federation Industry in 1992 (20 Feb) 347
  6. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On Certain Questions Concerning Trade and Economic Cooperation Between the Russian Federation and CIS Member-States (28 Jan) 348
  7. Anatolii Chubays, Privatization Will Bring 92 Billion to the Treasury (20 Feb) 349
  8. Memorandum on the Economic Policy of the Russian Federation (27 Feb) 352
  9. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On Certain Measures Related to the Development of Free Economic Zones (FEZ) on the Territory of the Russian Federation (4 Jun) 362
  10. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On Confirming Procedure for the Sale of Tracts of Land During Privatization... (14 Jun) 363
  11. Procedure, Confirmed by the President of the Russian Federation Dated 14 June 1992, No. 631... 364
  12. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On Measures to Protect the Russian Federation Monetary System (21 Jun) 367
  13. Russian Federation Supreme Soviet Decree, On Changes to Russian Federation Supreme Soviet Decrees on Matters Relating to Taxation (10 Jul) 367
  14. Provisional Statute on Court of Arbitration for Resolving Economic Disputes (19 Jul) 368
  15. Russian Federation Supreme Soviet Decree, On Measures to Ensure the Collection and Receipt of Tax Payments to the Republic Budget of the Russian Federation (14 Aug) 373
  16. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On Measures To Form a Federation Contract System (7 Aug) 374
  17. Government of the Russian Federation Decree, On Additional Measures to Eliminate the Inefficiences in the Organization of Free Trade (31 Aug) 376
  18. Price Growth During the Past Week and During August (9 Sep) 377
  19. Statute on the Committee for the Support of Small Enterprises and Entrepreneurs of the State Committee of the Russian Federation for the Management of State Property (11 Sep) 378
  20. 8a. Agriculture 381
  21. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Formation of State Food Stocks for the Year 1992 (4 Jan) 381
  22. The Food Market (8 Feb) 382
  23. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On Organizational Measures for the Implementation of Land and Agro-Industrial Reforms in the Russian Federation (27 Jun) 383
  24. Government of Russia Resolution, On Additional Measures to Ensure the Prompt Gathering of the Harvest and Procurement of Agricultural Produce in 1992 (7 Jul) 384
  25. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On the Use of Grain from the 1992 Harvest in the Russian Federation (24 Aug) 386
  26. Regulations on the Reorganization of Kolkhozes, Sovkhozes, and the Privatization of State Agricultural Enterprises (22 Sep) 387
  27. Yevgenii Sosnin, Everything is Expensive Except Air (21 Oct) 392

Chapter 9 Quality of Life and the Environment

  1. Introduction 395
  2. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On Additional Measures to Eliminate the Consequences of the Chernobyl Catastrophe on the Territory of the Briansk Oblast (20 Jan) 397
  3. Vadim Belyk, Humanitarian Trap. Once Again About Aid from the West, Which Turns Into a Gift for the Mafia (20 Jan) 398
  4. I. Alekseenko, Is Humanitarian Aid Humane? Gift Horse Shows Its Teeth (6 Feb) 400
  5. Sergei Panasenko, Unless Theft and Corruption are Prevented... (24 Mar) 402
  6. Irina Demchenko, The Mortality Rate in Russia is Higher than the Birth Rate for the First Time After the War (29 Mar) 402
  7. Yelena Ivanova Report, Unemployment in Russia: The Employment Forecast for 1992 (Apr) 403
  8. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On Measures for the Social Support of Citizens Who Have Lost Their Jobs and Who Have Been Recognized as Unemployed in the Prescribed Manner (2 Jul) 405
  9. Russian Federation Law, On Psychiatric Care and Guarantees of the Rights of Citizens Who Are Subject To It (2 Jul) 406
  10. Russian Federation Decree, On Compensation Payments to Pensioners (24 Jul) 419
  11. Tatiana Khudiakova, How Many Paupers in Russia? Wages Have Risen Ten Times But the Living Standard Continues to Drop (9 Sep) 420
  12. 9a. Emigration and Refugee Issues 421
  13. R.I. Khasbulatov Meeting with Experts on Refugee Matters (8 Feb) 421
  14. Oleg Lesoto, Point of View. Refugees of All Republics, Unite! (20 Jun) 422
  15. Natalia Zorkaia, Lev Gudko, There Will Be No End. Prognosis of Migration of Russians From the Near Foreign Countries( 31 Jul) 423
  16. Arnold Pushkar, The Seventh Wave of Emigration May Become the Most Powerful in the History of Russia (11 Aug) 425
  17. Tatiana Kharlamova, Law of the Boomerang (18 Aug) 430
  18. Yurii Burov, Who Has Concealed the Scope of the Trouble and Why? (20 Aug) 431
  19. Svetlana Shipunova, Emergency Decisions at the Local Level (20 Aug) 433
  20. Yelena Belkina, Russian Migrants Still Do Not Have International Status. But the First Step Was Taken (3 Oct) 434
  21. Pavel Chirkov, A Homeland Far, Near, Hoped For (5 Nov) 435
  22. Leonid Anisimov, Who is Emigrating Overseas? (11 Nov) 436
  23. Liudmila Semyonova, Refugees. Finding Shelter (23 Dec) 437

Chapter 10 Media and Intellectual Life

  1. Introduction 440
  2. Russian Federation Law, On Mass Media (27 Dec 1991) 441
  3. Russian Fderation President Decree, On Additional Measures of Legal and Economic Protection for the Periodical Press and State Book Publishing (20 Feb) 457
  4. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On the Russian Intellectual Property Agency Under the President of the Russian Federation (24 Feb) 458
  5. Irina Ovchinnikova, Are We Slaves? (24 May) 458
  6. Government of the Russian Federation Decree, On Wages for Individual Categories of Educational Workers (30 Jun) 459
  7. A. Salutskii, Injured Democracy (2 Jul) 460
  8. President of the Russian Federation, On Measures for Supporting State Institutions of Higher Education (9 Dec) 464

Bibliography 465
Glossary 467

Indexes 468

  1. Names 468
  2. Subject 470
  3. Geography and Places 474
  4. Institutions, Ministries, Committees and Councils 475

 

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