Academic International Press


REDA Contents

  • 1987 The Gorbachev Reforms Contents
  • 1988 Perestroika-The Second Stage Contents
  • 1989 The End of Empire? Contents
  • 1990 Vol. 1 Restructuring Perestroika Contents
  • 1990 Vol. 2 Restructuring Perestroika Contents
  • 1991 Vol. 1 Disintegration of the USSR Contents
  • 1991 Vol. 2 Disintegration of the USSR Contents
  • 1992 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1992 Vol. 2 CIS and Successor States Contents
  • 1993 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1993 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1994 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1994 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1995 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1995 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1996 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1996 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents

 

Back to Russia & Eurasia Documents Annual (REDA).

Back to Russia / Soviet Union / Eurasia.

Back to AIP Home Page.

Russia and Eurasia Documents Annual 1994

(Formerly USSR Documents Annual)

Volume 1 The Russian Federation

Table of Contents

Preface xiii

Chapter 1 GOVERNMENT

Introduction 1

  1. Russian Federation President Decree, On the General Principles of Administrative-Territorial Division and Organization of Local Self-Government in the City of Moscow (10 Dec 1993) 2
  2. Provisional Statute: On the General Principles of Administrative-Territorial Division and Organization of Local Self-Government in the City of Moscow (10 Dec 1993) 2
  3. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On the Federal State Service (22 Dec 1993) 5
  4. Valerii Batuev, Balance of Forces in the RF State Duma and Government (Jan) 13
  5. Temporary Statute on Backing Up the Activity of Russian Federation Federal Assembly State Duma Deputies (21 Jan) 14
  6. Russian Federation Federal Assembly State Duma Decree, On the Approval of the Temporary Statute on Backing Up the Activity of Russian Federation Federal Assembly State Duma Deputies (21 Jan) 16
  7. Russian Federation Government Resolution, On Guaranteeing Work in Fulfillment of Decree No. 2288 of the Russian Federation President of 24 December 1993, "On Measures to Bring the Legislation of the Russian Federation in Accordance With the Constitution of the Russian Federation" (31 Jan) 17
  8. Statute on the Public Chamber Under the President of the Russian Federation (17 Feb) 17
  9. Boris Yeltsin, Address to the Nation (24 Feb) 19
  10. Boris Yeltsin, Message of the President of the Russian Federation to the Federal Assembly. On Strengthening the Russian State (Basic Guidelines for Domestic and Foreign Policy) (24 Feb) 28
  11. Russian Federation Statute, On the Control Administration of the Russian Federation President (24 May) 62
  12. Yeltsin Signs Decree to Strengthen Executive Powers (3 Oct) 65
  13. Draft Law on Presidential Elections Approved (10 Nov) 65

Chapter 2 NATIONAL LAW AND DECREES

Introduction 66

  1. Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation Decree, On Approval of the Statute on the Procedure for Exercising State Control Over the Utilization and Protection of Land in the Russian Federation (23 Dec 1993) 67
  2. Statute On the Procedure for Exercising State Control Over the Utilization and Protection of Land in the Russian Federation (23 Dec 1993) 67
  3. Council of Ministers-Government of the Russian Federation Decree, On the Procedure for Movement of Goods Not Intended for Production or Other Commercial Activity Across the Customs Border of the Russian Federation (23 Dec 1993) 74
  4. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On Making Changes and Additions to the Statute on the Procedure for Consideration of Questions of Citizenship in the Russian Federation (27 Dec 1993) 77
  5. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On the Procedure for Consideration of Questions of Citizenship in the Russian Federation (27 Dec 1993) 77
  6. Russian Federation Government Decree, On Delegation of Powers by the Russian Federation Government in the Management and Disposition of Federally-Owned Facilities (10 Feb) 82
  7. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On "The Formation and Development of Private Law in Russia" Program (7 Jul) 85
  8. "The Formation and Development of Private Law in Russia" Program (7 Jul) 86
  9. Russian Federation Federal Assembly Federation Council Decree, On the Appointment of Russian Federation Supreme Court Justices (26 Oct) 90
  10. B.N. Yeltsin, The Law Determines the Power of the Judges (4 Nov) 90
  11. Statute on the Council on Judicial Reform Under the Russian Federation President (30 Nov) 90

Chapter 3 THE POLITICAL SCENE

Introduction 93

  1. Viktor Bondarev, Reading the Trud Mailbag. Not So Much "For" as "Against" (4 Feb) 96
  2. Igor Nikitin, Yavlinskii Again Has the Confidence of the Majority (29 Feb) 99
  3. E.A. Pamfilova, Why Ella Pamfilova Left (Feb) 100
  4. Agreements on Reaching Civic Accord in Russia (Draft) (5 Apr) 103
  5. Liudmila Aleksandrova, Program of Russia's Democratic Choice Party (12 Jun) 107
  6. Yelena Pestrukhina, A Season of Divorce in Parliament (1 Dec) 108
  7. The Communists 110
  8. Sergei Skvortsov, The Communist Party Still Has Not Fallen To Pieces (25 Feb) 110
  9. Gennadii Zyuganov, Essay in Russian Geopolitics. The Merits of Rus (26 Feb) 112
  10. Coordinating Conference of Communist Parties Resolution, On the Political and Socio-Economic Situation in the States Within the Territory of the USSR and Objectives Connected with the Stronger Unity of Communists (22 May) 117
  11. Gennadii Zyuganov Does Not Want to Stand in Line for the Presidency (Jun) 119
  12. Nadezhda Garifullina, A Unified Party-A Single Union (12 Jul) 123
  13. Feliks Beleliubskii, How Long is the Path to Unity? (19 Jul) 123
  14. Gennadii Zyuganov, Fragments of Geopolitics. Scenarios (24 Sep) 124
  15. Luiza Gladysheva, The All-Russia Party Assembly Gets Going. Pay Attention! (29 Sep) 127
  16. The Nationalists 129
  17. Leaders of Political Parties and Movements Participating in the Congress of Patriotic Forces of Russia Statement, Russia's Borders from Kaliningrad to the Kurils (20 Sep) 129
  18. The 1991 Coup Revisited and the Amnesties of 1994 129
  19. Alexander Pelts, Case of the State Committee for the State of Emergency. What Orders did Mikhail Gorbachev Issue? (29 Jan) 129
  20. Alexander Frolov, How the Duma Voted for Amnesty. The Alegebra of Compromise (26 Feb) 130
  21. Gen. Valentin Varrenikov, O.S. Shenin, A. Lukianov, The General's Main Victory: the Military Board of the RF Supreme Court Concludes that Members of the Emergency Committee Were Not Putschists (13 Aug) 132
  22. Yurii Feofanov, Politics Again Prevails Over the Law (16 Aug) 134
  23. Tamara Zamiatina, Gorbachev to Head Democratic Alternative Movement (19 Aug) 135
  24. Nataliia Gevoryan, Three Years Later: the Putschists Are Winning (25 Aug) 135
  25. Aleksandr Rutskoi Congratulates Varennikov (25 Aug) 136

Chapter 4 EMIGRATION, REFUGEE ISSUES, AND THE RUSSIAN DIASPORA

Introduction 137

Emigration 138

  1. The Migration Situation in Russia and the CIS. 2-4 Million Russians May Return to the RF by the Year 2001 (13 Jul) 138
  2. Russian Federation Government Decree, On Measures for the Prevention and Reduction of Uncontrolled External Migration (8 Sep) 138

Refugees 140

  1. Vladimir Terekhov, Refugees and Emigrants: How is a Catastrophe to Be Averted? It Is Necessary to Take Some Measures Quickly (12 Jan) 140
  2. Igor Rotar, There Are Attempts to Use Russian Resettlers as a Political Force: The First Congress of Refugees from the Near Abroad is Over (7 Jun) 145

The Russian Diaspora 146

 

  1. Yevgenii Bai, Moscow Has Drafted a Program for the Defense of 30 Million Russians in the Near Abroad (17 Feb) 146
  2. Sergei Panarin, Our People Among Strangers. Russians in the Near Abroad (19 Feb) 147
  3. Statement by the Russian Foreign Ministry on the Latvian Citizenship Law (22 Jun) 150
  4. Boris Glebov, And Have Human Rights Been Forgotten? Estonian Pretensions are Intended for Export (19 Jul) 151

Chapter 5 THE REPUBLICS AND TERRITORIES

Introduction 153

  1. Russian Federation
  2. Decree, On Measures for Stabilization of the Socio-Economic Situation of Khabarovsk Krai During 1993-1996 (4 Dec 1993) 155
  3. Vitalii Portnikov, The Faces of Power or the Power of Faces in Russia. Outlines of the Political Portraits of Leaders of Russian Republics (22 Feb) 157
  4. Government of Russian Federation Decree, Approving the Status Report on a Program for Socio-Economic Development of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) and Statute on Program Administration (29 Mar) 169
  5. Addendum 1: Status Report on Program for Socio-economic Development of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) 170
  6. Addendum 2: Statute on the Administration of Program for Socio-Economic Development of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) 170
  7. Statute on the Council on Cossack Affairs Under the President of the Russian Federation (1 Dec) 171
  8. B.N. Yeltsin, Message to the Republic of North Ossetia and the Ingush Republic (3 Dec) 173

Tatarstan 173

  1. Republic of Tatarstan, Law on Public Service (8 Feb) 173
  2. Vladimir Gavrilenko, Kazan has "United" With Moscow Once Again, This Time on the Basis of Two Constitutions and the Treaty on the Demarcation of Areas of Responsibility and Powers (17 Feb) 185
  3. Vasilii Likhachev, Respect, Equality of Rights, Cooperation [Tatarstan] (22 Feb) 186
  4. Vasilii Likhachev, It Is Not Clear Yet to Whom the Treaty Between Russia and Tartarstan Will Bring Greater Political Capital… (2 Jun) 187

Chechnia 190

  1. Dimitrii Balburov, Chechnia in the Throes of a Political Crisis (1 Sep) 190
  2. Russian Federation Government Appeal to the Chechen People (3 Sep) 191
  3. Boris Fedorov, Chechnia and the Collapse of the Russian State (13 Sep) 192
  4. Valerii Vyzhutovich, Who Needs 48 Hours for Meditation? (30 Nov) 193
  5. Russian Federation President Decree, On Certain Measures to Strengthen Law and Order in the North Caucasus (1 Dec) 194
  6. Ivan Novikov, Duma Draws Up Seven Principles for Peace in Chechnia (2 Dec) 194
  7. Russian Federation Federal Assembly Council, On the Situation in the Chechen Republic (8 Dec) 195
  8. B.N. Yeltsin, Address to the Residents of the Chechen Republic (15 Dec) 196

Chapter 6 MILITARY AND SECURITY FORCES

Introduction 197

  1. Agreement Between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of Ukraine on the Implementation of the Trilateral START Accord among the Presidents of Russia, the United States, and Ukraine of 14 January 1994 (14 Jan) 200
  2. Andrei Kozyrev, The Country's Military Doctrine and International Security (14 Jan) 201
  3. Federation Council Resolution, On the Allocation of an Additional Troop Contingent to the UN Protection Forces (6 Mar) 204
  4. Vladimir Yermolin, The Search for 18 Trillion Rubles Continues. Not Only for the Army-for the Country's Security (27 May) 206
  5. State Duma Votes Against Larger Defense Budget (1 Jun) 206
  6. B.N. Yeltsin, We Have No Surplus Land. Russian Federation President's Speech at Ceremonial Meeting Devoted to Border Guard Day, 27 May 1994 207
  7. Boris Yeltsin, I Demand that You Act Vigorously, Bravely, and Decisively [Speech to Counter-intelligence Forces] (28 May) 211
  8. Viktor Litovkin, Paratroopers Appointed as Main Peacekeepers in the Transcaucasus (23 Jun) 216
  9. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Drafting of Russian Federation Citizens for Military Service in October-December 1994 (3 Oct) 218
  10. B.N. Yeltsin Delivers Speech to Military Senior Command (14 Nov) 219
  11. Alexander Zhilin, Pavel Grachev Getting Rid of Rivals (15 Dec) 220

Chapter 7 FOREIGN POLICY

Introduction 222

  1. The Russian-US Moscow Declaration (14 Jan) 224
  2. Richard Ovinnikov, Hurting for the State: Patriotism or Imperial Ambitions? (19 Jan) 226
  3. Konstantin Eggert, Moscow Suggests Friendship, In Beijing they Answer With a Polite Smile (1 Feb) 228
  4. Andrei Kosyrev, It Is Not Parties, But National Interests that Should Link the Diplomats with Parliamentarians (2 Feb) 230
  5. Ye.V. Afanasev, Concerning the China Card. Russia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs Arranges the Accents (16 Feb) 233
  6. Dimitrii Gornostaev, Two Sides of Partnership for Peace. Kozyrev and Kostikov Talk of Different Things (5 Apr) 236
  7. Anna Melnikova, Shakhrai on Partnership for Peace (6 Apr) 237
  8. Aleksandr Sychev, Russia Will Join the NATO Program Anyway. But It Needs Further Work (6 Apr) 237
  9. Strategy for Russia. Theses of the Foreign and Defense Policy Council (2) (27 May) 238
  10. Andrei Kirrilov, Anna Melnikova, Vladimir Solntsev, Declaration of the Russian and Chinese Presidents. A Summary (3 Sep)
  11. The Near Abroad 249
  12. Nikolai Gonchar, No Alternative to Unification (23 Feb) 249

Chapter 8 ECONOMICS

Introduction 252

  1. Russian Federation Privatization Control Agency Report (9 Feb) 256
  2. Russian Federation Government Decree, Bankruptcy-A Mechanism for Cleansing (12 Feb) 257
  3. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Financial-Budget Administration of the Russian Federation President (28 Feb) 258
  4. Statute on the Financial-Budget Administration of the Russian Federation President (28 Feb) 259
  5. At the Russian Federation. A Decree "On the State of the Russian Economy and the Prospects for Its Development in 1994" (4 Mar) 260
  6. Anatolii Chubays, The Voucher Has Served Its Purpose, So the Voucher Can Go (29 Mar) 264
  7. Sergei Glazev, I Am For Order in the Economy and Finance (5 Apr) 267
  8. Federation Council of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly Decree, On the Insolvency Crisis in the Russian Federation Economy (7 Apr) 269
  9. The Ministry of Finance is Opposed to Indexation in the Budget-Financed Sphere (9 Apr) 270
  10. Aleksei Varnavskii, Elena Kitina, Where Do the Dollars Come From? (Apr) 270
  11. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On Imposing Order on State Registration of Enterprises and Entrepreneurs in the Territory of the Russian Federation (8 Jul) 271
  12. Statute on the Procedure of State Registration of Subjects of Entrepreneurial Activity (8 Jul) 272
  13. Government of the Russian Federation Decree, On Ratification of the Statute on the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation (19 Aug) 275
  14. Statute on the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation (19 Aug) 275
  15. Sergei Agafonov, The Japanese Refuse to Play According to the Rules of the Russian Bribe-Takers (22 Sep) 282
  16. Russian Federation Federal Assembly State Duma Decree, On the Socio-Economic Policy of the Russian Federation Government (28 Oct) 284
  17. Aleksandr Livshits, Where Are We Going? Russia's Economy in the Year 2000 (11 Nov) 285

Agriculture 295

 

  1. Decree of the Russian Federation Government, Questions of Russian Federation Consumer Cooperatives (24 Jan) 295
  2. Agreement on Relationships Between the Russian Federation Government and the RF Union of Consumer Societies for 1994 (24 Jan) 297
  3. Ivan Novikov, Gerashchenko on the State Debt (4 Feb) 298
  4. Ivan Rodin, Agrarians Will Receive Money. Lower Chamber Expects Dubinin and Gerashchenko Today (4 Feb) 299
  5. Yelena Kolkoltseva, The Government Has Approved a Lobbying Allowance. The Agro-Industrial Complex Will Cost Russia 10 Times the Food Import (4 Feb) 299
  6. Government of Russia Decree, On the Reform of Agricultural Enterprises with Consideration of the Practice in the Nizhnii Novgorod Oblast (27 Jul) 300
  7. Statute on the Reform of Agricultural Enterprises (6 Aug) 301
  8. Ivan Gridasov, Report on the Grain Harvest (11 Nov) 304
  9. President of the Russian Republic Decree, On Restructuring the Debts of Agro-Industrial Complex Enterprises and Organizations Under Central Credits Issued in 1993-1994 (29 Dec) 304

Chapter 9 QUALITY OF LIFE, THE ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH, CRIME AND PUNISHMENT

Introduction 306

Quality of Life 306

 

  1. Irina Demchenko, But Hopes Remain (23 Jan) 308
  2. Viktor Perevedentsev, Is Three [Children] Too Many? (23 Jan) 310
  3. Elena Abashkina, Elena Semenova, The Demographic Situation in Russia is Most Unfavorable. Are Children Out of Fashion? (17 Apr) 311
  4. Tatiana Khudiakova, Number of Unemployed Grows Slowly but Surely (28 May) 313
  5. Liudmila Migranova, Viacheslav Bobkov, Vladimir Litvinov, The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Poorer: Moscow is a Preserve for the Rich and the North Caucasus is a Reservation for the Poor (15 Jul) 313
  6. Russian Federation Government Decree, On the Organization of All-Russia Monitoring of the Social Labor Sphere (18 Jul) 316
  7. Unemployment 1.6 Times Higher after 7 Months. White Collars Continue to be Unwanted by Russian Employer (30 Aug) 316
  8. Under the Poverty Line (13 Sep) 317
  9. Tatiana Khudiakova, Draft Program for Stabilizing Standard of Living Submitted for President's Consideration (21 Sep) 318
  10. RF Government Center for Economic Trends Report, By the End of the Year Seven Million May Be Unemployment (21 Sep) 319

Environment 320

 

  1. Leonard Nikishin, Arsenic Goes to Russia (23 Jan) 320
  2. B.N. Yeltsin, Greeting to the Organizers of the All-Russian Days of Protection Against Ecological Danger (19 May) 322

Crime and Punishment 322

 

  1. State Duma Decree, On Declaring an Amnesty in Connection With the Adoption of the Constitution of the Russian Federation (23 Feb) 322
  2. State Duma Decree, On the Procedure for Implementing the Decree "On Declaring an Amnesty" (23 Feb) 324
  3. Ivan Rybkin, On Amnesty Without Hysteria (1 Mar) 327
  4. Liudmila Yermakova, Vladimir Shumeyko: Strengthen the Legislative Base of the Reforms (1 Mar) 328
  5. Russian Federation President Decree, On Urgent Measures to Implement the Russian Federation Federal Program to Enhance the Struggle Against Crime in 1994-1995 (24 May) 330
  6. Russian Federation President Decree, On Urgent Measures to Protect the Population from Banditry And Other Manifestations of Organized Crime (14 Jun) 332
  7. Sergei Romazin, It Is Not the Harshness of the Punishment, It Is Its Inevitibility. New Draft Criminal Code Reflects New Crime Situation (22 Jun) 334

Chapter 10 MEDIA AND INTELLECTUAL LIFE

Introduction 336

 

  1. Russian Federation President Decree, On Additional Guarantees for Citizen's Rights to Information (31 Dec 1993) 338
  2. Russian Federation Government Decree, Questions of Ensuring Publication and Dissemination of the Mass Media and Printed Matter (10 Jan) 340
  3. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Formation of a Federal Commission for the Provision of a Legal Information System Under the President of the Russian Federation (28 Jan) 340
  4. Statute on the Federal Commission for the Provision of a Legal Information System Under the President of the Russian Federation (2 Feb) 341
  5. Vladimir Kvasov, Who Signed the Government Decision on Journalists (8 Feb) 342
  6. Nikolai Sergeev, Situation in Pravda. Chief Editors Talk in Different Languages (10 Feb) 344
  7. Oleg Velichko, People's Court Orders That all Property of Pravda Be Sequestered (10 Feb) 345
  8. Rustam Arifdzhanov, The Threat to Black-Out Television on 10 February Is a Signal for Strikes Throughout Russia (10 Feb) 345
  9. Russian Federation Government Decree, On the Russian Federal Television and Radio Broadcasting Service [RFTRBS] (7 May) 346
  10. Statute on the RFTRBS (7 May) 347
  11. Moscow News, We Will Not Retreat From Threats (27 Oct) 351
  12. Russian Federation President Decree, On Improving the Use of Channel One (Moscow) Television and Its Distribution Network (30 Nov) 351
  13. Yuri Bogomolov, New Press Law Marred by Shortcomings (1 Dec) 352
  14. The Zhirinovsky Libel Case 354
  15. War Propaganda Charges Against Zhirinovskii (26 Jan) 354
  16. Vladimir Ivanidze, Zhirinovskii's "Pirated" Book? Unliterary Passions Surrounding Last Dash to the South (10 Feb) 354

Bibliography 357

Glossary 359

Indexes 360

  1. Names 360
  2. Subject 362
  3. Geography and Places 366
  4. Institutions 368

 

Go to Academic International Press Home Page.


Click here to send us e-mail with your comments.

© 2000 Academic International Press