Academic International Press


REDA Contents

  • 1987 The Gorbachev Reforms Contents
  • 1988 Perestroika-The Second Stage Contents
  • 1989 The End of Empire? Contents
  • 1990 Vol. 1 Restructuring Perestroika Contents
  • 1990 Vol. 2 Restructuring Perestroika Contents
  • 1991 Vol. 1 Disintegration of the USSR Contents
  • 1991 Vol. 2 Disintegration of the USSR Contents
  • 1992 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1992 Vol. 2 CIS and Successor States Contents
  • 1993 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1993 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1994 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1994 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1995 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1995 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents
  • 1996 Vol. 1 The Russian Federation Contents
  • 1996 Vol. 2 Central Eurasian States Contents

 

Back to Russia & Eurasia Documents Annual (REDA).

Back to Russia / Soviet Union / Eurasia.

Back to AIP Home Page.

Russia and Eurasia Documents Annual 1995

(Formerly USSR Documents Annual)

Volume 1 The Russian Federation

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface

Chapter 1 GOVERNMENT

Introduction 1

  1. Poll on Yeltsin's Leadership as President (26 Jan) 2
  2. B.N. Yeltsin, Annual Speech to Deputies of the Federal Assembly (16 Feb) 2
  3. Yavlinskii Tops Poll on Presidential Candidates (18 May) 7
  4. Russian Federation Central Electoral Commission Decree, On the Temporary Statute, On Organizing an All-State Voter Registration (Accounting) System (14 Apr) 8
  5. Temporary Statute on Organizing an All-State Voter Registration (Accounting) System (14 Apr) 8
  6. Yeltsin Letter to I.P. Rybkin on Veto of State Duma Law on Elections (23 May) 10
  7. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Russian Federation Presidential Administration (28 Jul) 11
  8. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Main Protection of the Russian Federation Directorate (28 Jul) 11
  9. Liudmila Kucheynik, Russia's Tax System (15 Oct) 12
  10. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Procedure for the Formation of the Russian Federal Assembly Federation Council (5 Dec) 16

Chapter 2 NATIONAL LAWS AND DECREES

Introduction 16

  1. Russian Federation President Decree, On Measures to Guarantee Coordinated Activities by Organs of State Power in the Struggle Against Manifestations of Fascism and Other Forms of Political Extremism in the Russian Federation (23 Mar) 17
  2. Russian Federation Government Decree, On State Support for the Development of Science and Scientific and Technical Developments (17 Apr) 19
  3. Yevgenii Skukin, Judges Request Protection. Federal Law On State Protection for Judges and Officials of Law Enforcement and Control Organs Passed (26 Apr) 21
  4. Russian Federation State Duma Law, International Treaties of the Russian Federation (16 Jun) 22
  5. Russian Federation President Decree, On Ratification of the Statute on an Authorized Representative of the President of the Russian Federation to the
  6. Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation (5 Jul) 34
  7. Statute on Authorized Representative of the President of the Russian Federation to the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation (5 Jul) 34
  8. Russian Federation President Decree, On Developing a Concept for Legal Reform in the Russian Federation (6 Jul) 36
  9. Russian Federation Law, On Operational-Investigative Activity (18 Aug) 37
  10. Russian Federation Federal Law, On General Principles of Organizing Local Self-Government in the Russian Federation (1 Sep) 47

Chapter 3 THE POLITICAL SCENE

Introduction 64

  1. Leonid Radzikhovskii, Events in Chechnia Allow Democracy in Russia a Chance (1 Feb) 67
  2. Nurali Latypov, Yeltsin's Crossroads (7 Feb) 71
  3. Aleksandr Rutskoi [An Interview] (21 Feb) 73
  4. Yekaterina Lakhova, Yes, I was Not at the Farm!Compliment and Objection to Yekatarina Lakhova (7 Mar) 80
  5. Yegor Gaydar, One Cannot Escape or Hide from Elections, It Is Necessary to Win Them (7 Apr) 84
  6. Lessons and Consequences of the Third All-Russian Congress of Russian Communities [KRO] (26 Apr) 88
  7. "Women of Russia" Will Not Join State Duma Blocs (4 May) 90
  8. Yevgenii Kiselev, Poll on the Most Influential Politicians (6 May) 90
  9. Yevgenii Krasnikov, Ivan Rodin, Congress of Party Born of the Government Opens in Moscow. The Nomenklatura Will Publically Discuss How To Maintain Supremacy and Keep Property in its Hands (12 May) 90
  10. The Fundamental Principles of the Campaign Platform of Ivan Rybkin's Election Bloc (23 Aug) 92
  11. List of Organizations Registered To Vote (25 Aug) 94
  12. All-Russian Trade Union Organizations (25 Aug) 99
  13. "Power to the People!" Election Platform of the Electoral Bloc Association (12 Sep) 100
  14. Yurii Skokov, To Restore Faith in Justice. Platform of the Congress of Russian Communities [KRO] (Sep 15) 104
  15. Viktor Tyulkin, An Interview. Our Only Future Is One of Struggle. Platform of the Russian Communist Workers Party (28 Sep) 108
  16. Sergei Vasiltsov, Sergei Obukhov, The Zhirinovskii Syndrome (30 Sep) 112
  17. Aleksandr Lebed, Conscience Has Become a Luxury Today, and Many People Have Learned To Do Without It [vs Rutskoi] (6 Oct) 114
  18. Aleksandr Rutskoi and Elevtina Fedulova, Wood-Grouses Are Not the Only Ones Who Do Not Hear Each Other [A Debate] (Nov) 119
  19. Results of the Election to the State Duma, 17 December 1995 123
  20. Otto Latsis, Results of the Election Confirm that the Rights of Millions of Voters Were Violated (23 Dec) 123
  21. Communist Party of the Russian Federation 125
  22. Communist Party of the Russian Federation, To the Citizens of Russia (22 Jan) 125
  23. The Work of the 3rd Congress of the CP RF Has Been Completed in Moscow (24 Jan) 126
  24. Joint Plenum (24 Jan) 127
  25. In the Name of the Fatherland, In the Interests of the People. Report of the Chairman of the Russian Federation Communist Party's Central Executive Committee (24 Jan) 128
  26. B. Prianikov, What Then Must I Approve? (22 Jul) 143
  27. A. Ivanov, The Pre-election Campaign Continues. CPRF is the Party of Realists (5 Oct) 145
  28. Communist Party of the Russian Federation, Open Letter to the Citizens of the Russian Federation (16 Dec) 146
  29. The Nationalists 146
  30. Viktor Alksnis, Without God in the Soul. An Open Letter from USSR People's
  31. Deputy, Colonel V.I. Alksnis to the Commander of the 14th Army General Lieutenant A.I. Lebed (12 Jan) 146
  32. President Yeltsin's New Course. An Interview with Alexander Barkashov (22 Jan) 154
  33. Russia's Patriotic Front Electoral Bloc Formed (6 May) 156
  34. Andrei Akhremenko, Who Walks There On the Left? Parties of the "Patriotic" Orientation in the Mirror of a Pre-Election Struggle (25 Aug) 156

Chapter 4 THE REPUBLICS AND TERRITORIES

Introduction 158

  1. Agreement for the Sake of the Fatherland (5 Jan) 160
  2. Ramazan Abdulatipov, Prospects for our Federation. There are 14 Federalists in the State Duma, Not Counting Rybkin (10 Jan) 161
  3. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Introduction of a State of Emergency on Part of the Territory of the Republic of North Ossetia and the Ingush Republic (31 Jan) 166
  4. Russian Federation Government Resolution, On a Program of Socio-Economic Development in the Sakha Republic (Yakutiia) (7 Feb) 168
  5. Aleksei Chelnokov, The Territory of Dagestan Could be a New Platform for War (8 Feb) 170
  6. Anna Kozyreva, Variants are Possible. The Karachaevo-Cherkess Republic Can be Turned Into the Next "Hot Spot" If Urgent Measures are Not Adopted (7 Mar) 172
  7. Russian Federation Federation Council Resolution, On Urgent Measures to Overcome the Crisis Connected With the Supply of Products (Goods) to Regions of the Far North and Equivalent Areas in 1995 (1 Mar) 173
  8. Tatarstan 174
  9. Nail Aminov, The Tatarstan Model. On the Anniversary of the Signing of the Treaty Between the Russian Federation and the Tatarstan Republic (18 Feb) 174
  10. Mintimar Shaymiev, We Will Have a Gentle Entry Into the Market (26 Apr) 176
  11. M.Sh. Shaymiev, Toward a Strengthening of Mutual Relations Under the New Historical Conditions (31 May) 179
  12. Chechnia 182
  13. Russian Federation Security Council News Conference on Chechnia (26 Jan) 182
  14. Stepashin Statements on Chechnia (1 Feb) 182
  15. Dudaev Charged Formally With Treason (1 Feb) 183
  16. Dzhokar Dudaev, Careful Yeltsin! I Will Scourge Russia (3 Feb) 183
  17. Natalia Kravchenko, Aleksandr Lavut, Rights Defenders Call for Criminal Proceedings Against Those Who Launched War in Chechnia (7 Mar) 184
  18. Viktor Chernomyrdin, Where There is Good Will and the Sides are Responsible, Peace Can be Achieved [in Chechnia] 21 Mar) 186
  19. Russian Approval of a Committee of National Accord for Chechnia (23 Mar) 187
  20. Nikolai Yegorov, I Draw My Strength From My Roots (13 May) 187
  21. Boris Yeltsin, Address to the Nation on Chechnia (3 Aug) 190
  22. Salambek Khadzhiev, Yes, I Did Support Dudaev(19 Aug) 192
  23. Boris Yeltsin's Address to the Chechen People (22 Sep) 194
  24. Chechens Withdraw from Peace Talks (11 Oct) 194
  25. Russian Federation Government Decree, On Organs of Interim Government in the Chechen Republic (20 Oct) 195
  26. 1.4 Trillion Rubles for Reconstruction of Chechnia (2 Nov) 196
  27. Russian Federation President Decree, Bayonets Into the Ground, Citizens-Amnesty! This is an Appeal to all Chechens Who Own Weapons (1 Dec) 196

Chapter 5 MILITARY AND SECURITY FORCES

Introduction 197

  1. V.K. Rutskoi's "Deadly Enemy" Climbs the Career Ladder (20 Jan) 200
  2. Army General Vladimir Lobov, How To Reform the Russian Army (25 Jan) 201
  3. Mikhail Shevtsov, More on the Dismissal of Vorobev (26 Jan) 204
  4. Viktor Litovkin, The General Prosecutor's Office Has No Complaints Against General Vorobev. They Might Appear in Relation to Other Generals (27 Jan) 205
  5. Igor Korotchenko, The Kremlin is Not Happy with the Conduct of Pavel Grachev. It is Possible that the Chechen Mud May Have to Be Shoveled by New Leaders of the Defense Ministry (27 Jan) 206
  6. Army General P. Grachev, We Must Proceed from the Fact That This Was a Special Operation [In Chechnia] (28 Feb) 207
  7. Irena Kobrinskaia, How Should We Respond to NATO's Contemplated Expansion? (6 Apr) 214
  8. Mandate of the Federal Security Service (7 Apr) 215
  9. The Ministry of Defense Will Remove Shoulderboards. Reform Once Again (11 Apr) 216
  10. Aleksei Overchuk, It Won't Be Enough and It Won't Help Anyway, Experts Believe [On Conscription] (25 Apr) 217
  11. Vasilii Nikanorov, Wishes Come True. Each Inserted What He Wanted [On Conscription] (25 Apr) 219
  12. Russian Federation President Decree, On Deferment of Military Service for Certain Categories of Citizens (29 Apr) 220
  13. Russian Federation President Decree, On the April-June 1995 Military Service
  14. Draft and the Discharge of Soldiers, Seamen, Sergeants, Petty Officers, and Military Construction Personnel Who Have Completed their Military Service (29 Apr) 221
  15. Pavel Grachev, News Conference: Military Casualties in Chechnia. Expansion of NATO. Lebed and the 14th Army (6 May) 221
  16. Col. L. Luzhkov, What Defense We Should Prepare For and How. Review of a Book by Army General M.A. Gareev (12 May) 222
  17. Lt. Col. Yevgenii Malashenko, The Russian Army in the 21st Century. What Will It Be? Military Reform. Point of View (22 Aug) 223
  18. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Call-Up of Russian Federation Citizens for Military Service in October-December 1995 (27 Sep) 225
  19. Aleksandr Kostin, A Military Coup Does Not Threaten Us. A Subjective Look at Military Reform and Other Problems with the Russian Army (4 Oct) 226
  20. The Domain of General [A.I.] Nikolaev (10 Oct) 229
  21. Ivan Ivaniuk, Servicemen's Pay Increased (2 Nov) 232
  22. Gennadii Miranovich, We Must Assess the Armed Forces and Erect Plans for the Future on the Basis of Realities, Army General Pavel Grachev, Russian Defense Minister, Believes (16 Nov) 233
  23. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Release From Military Service and Additional Measures of Social Protection for Servicemen Who Are Taking (Have Taken) Part in Direct Combat Operations and Are Carrying (Have Carried) Out Tasks in Conditions of Armed Conflict (3 Dec) 234

Chapter 6 FOREIGN POLICY

Introduction 234

  1. Statute on the Consultative Council of Russian Federation Subjects on
  2. International and Foreign Economic Relations Under the MFA of Russia (23 Jan) 238
  3. Yurii Kovalenko, A "Grandfather Clause" Can Reactivate Ties with France. Debts on Tsarist Loan May Overshadow Them (3 Mar) 239
  4. Vasilii Kononenko, Konstantin Eggert, Bill Clinton Leaves Moscow with a Sword, After Agreeing with Boris Yeltsin On Five Joint Statements (11 May) 240
  5. Vladimir Kuzar, Mikhail Pogorelyy, Results of the Meeting of the Presidents of Russia and the US (12 May) 241
  6. State Duma of the Russian Federation Federal Assembly Decree, On the Question of Lifting the Economic Blockade of the Republic of Iraq (17 May) 242
  7. State Duma Decree, On the Russian Federation Federal Assembly State Duma Statement, "In Connection With the US Congress Examination of the Bill
  8. Envisioning Tightening the Economic Blockade Against Cuba" (17 May) 243
  9. State Duma Statement in Connection with the US Congress Examination of the Bill Envisioning Tightening the Economic Blockade Against Cuba (17 May) 244
  10. Grachev Visits China and South Korea (18 May) 244
  11. Treaty Between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Poland on Trade and Economic Cooperation (1 Sep) 244
  12. Yeltsin and Kohl Discussion. Communiqué (3 Sep) 249
  13. Vadim Markushin, NATO Wants No Rough Scenes Over Expansion (22 Sep) 250
  14. Yu. Ivanenko, Chirac Threatens Russia. Why Does the Kremlin Not Recognize This? (23 Sep) 251
  15. Agreements Signed by Canada and Russia on the Occasion of the Visit of the Russian Prime Minister Chernomyrdin (5 Oct) 252
  16. Grigorii Karasin, Clarity of Argument and Obscurity of Reply [on NATO] (5 Oct) 253
  17. Boris Yeltsin, Speech at the UN General Assembly 50th Jubilee Session (22 Oct) 254
  18. Mikhail Pogorelii, The Russian Policy of the American White House (1 Nov) 255
  19. Vladimir Nadein, Personal Opinion is Sanctioned at the Very Top. Washington Echoes of Moscow Scandal (29 Nov) 256
  20. The Near Abroad 259
  21. Declaration of the Widening and Deepening of Kazakhstan and Russian Cooperation (20 Jan) 259
  22. Mikhail Shchipanov, Will the Train Leave Without Ukraine? Since Yeltsin Does Not Go to Kiev, Breaking the Order of Exchange Visits, Ukraine President Kuchma Prefers to Come to Moscow (26 Jan) 261
  23. Russian-Ukrainian Relations Cool (27 Apr) 262

Chapter 7 THE ECONOMY

Introduction 263

  1. Russian Federation President Decree, Benefits for Foreign Investors. Decree of the Russian President on Additional Measures to Attract Foreign Investors into Material Production Branches of the Russian Federation (25 Jan) 266
  2. Russian Federation Government Decree, On the Interdepartmental Commission to Regulate Questions Associated with the Utilization of the System of Main Oil Pipelines (30 Jan) 267
  3. Statute on the Interdepartmental Commission to Regulate Questions Associated with the Utilization of the System of Main Oil Pipelines (30 Jan) 267
  4. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Second Stage of Privatization in the City of Moscow (9 Feb) 268
  5. Pravda Roundtable, The Economy. Crossroad or No Road? (14 Feb) 269
  6. Boris Boyko, Vadim Bardin, The Idea of the "Gold Ruble" is Immoral Because It Is Incorrect (15 Feb) 275
  7. Boris Kagarlitskii, Economic Pre-conditions Exist for the Elite to be Changed. Discord Will Come Sooner than Revolution (22 Feb) 277
  8. Russian Federation President Decree, On State Price Regulation (1 Mar) 280
  9. Yeltsin Signs Decree on Economic Reform (1 Mar) 281
  10. Yevgenii Vasilchuk, The Government and the Central Bank Are Not Acting in a Worse Way, But They Are Especially Strict (16 Mar) 282
  11. Ivan Zhagel, For Each Eight Dollars, Exporters Hide One Dollar, But That Is Only Half As Much As A Year Ago (22 Mar) 283
  12. Russian Federation President Decree, On Immediate Measures to Improve Oil Company Activities (1 Apr) 285
  13. Yaroslav Skvortsov, Central Bank. There Are No Strangers Here (25 Apr) 287
  14. Russian Federation Federal Law, On the Restoration and Protection of the Savings of Citizens of the Russian Federation (10 May) 291
  15. Russian Federation Government Statute, On the Government Commission on Questions of Finance and Monetary-Credit Policy (1 Jul) 293
  16. Russian Federation President Decree, On State Loan Bonds of the Russian Federation (9 Aug) 294
  17. Russian Federation President Decree, On Measures to Stimulate Exports (31 Aug) 295
  18. B.N. Yeltsin, Strong Banks. The State Has an Interest in Them (31 Aug) 295
  19. Russian Federation Government Decree, On the Establishment of an All-Russian Regional Development Bank (7 Sep) 297
  20. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Creation of the Russian Financial-Banking Union (9 Sep) 298
  21. Russian Federation Government Directive, Through the Quota Barriers [On RF/US Trade] (27 Sep) 298
  22. Alexander Deykin, The Ghost of Budget Federalism Still Stalks Russia (28 Sep) 300
  23. Russian Federation Government Decree, On Russia's Energy Strategy (13 Oct) 302
  24. Russian Federation Statute on the State Committee for the Support and Development of Small Business (28 Oct) 303
  25. Russian Federation President Decree, On Priority Measures to Strengthen the Currency Control System in the Russian Federation (21 Nov) 307
  26. Russian Federation Parliament Decree, On Priority Measures for the Support of Exporters (30 Nov) 308
  27. Agriculture 308
  28. Viktor Chernomyrdin, Budget Policy is Going to be Tough (17 Mar) 308
  29. Viktor Shevelukha, The Bitter Fate of the Winter Field (23 Mar) 312
  30. Vasilii Starodubtsev, The Summer of Our Misfortunes (15, 17 Aug) 313
  31. Andrei Kirillov, How Will We Have Our Fill? (29 Sep) 318
  32. Alexander Gavrilyuk, The Poor Harvest Will Have to be Paid for by Loans (21 Oct) 318
  33. Yurii Bespalov, In Place of 750 Billion Rubles Rostselmash Received a Supervisory Council from the President (5 Nov) 320
  34. Sergei Kara-Murza, The Mechanics of Blackmail. The Christmas Bun and More About That (9 Nov) 321

Chapter 8 QUALITY OF LIFE. HEALTH, THE ENVIRONMENT, CRIME AND PUNISHMENT, and REFUGEES 323

Introduction 323

  1. Quality of Life 327
  2. Russian Federation President Decree, On Compensation Payments to Pensioners from 1 February 1995 (30 Jan) 327
  3. Otto Latsis, The Population of Russia Continues to Pay for "Black Tuesday" (11 May) 327
  4. Federal Law on Subsistence Minimum Passed (11 May) 329
  5. Dmitrii Pyro, Is Life Becoming More Expensive, or Is the Pocketbook Becoming Cheaper? (5 Aug) 329
  6. Russian Federation Government Decree, On Measures to Improve the Conditions and Safety of Labor (26 Aug) 331
  7. Sergei Chugaev, The Pension Fund has Become a Funding Trough for Officials. The Government is Forcing Elders into the Opposition (1 Sep) 333
  8. Crime and Punishment 335
  9. Liudmila Aleksandrova, Security Council Discusses the Problem of Crime (7 Mar) 335
  10. Aleksei Tarasov, One of the Uncrowned Aluminum Kings is Killed (12 Sep) 336
  11. A. Goloviznin, There Are No Economic Crimes Not Being Committed in Russia Today (3 Nov) 338
  12. Environment 341
  13. Mikhail Danilov, Coma [Oil Spills] (26 Apr) 341
  14. Vyacheslav Nedogonov, Dying Land Threatens National Security (28 Apr) 344
  15. Refugees 345
  16. Valerii Konovalov, Aid to Refugees [in Chechnia] Is Brought Only By Volunteers (21 Jan) 345

Chapter 9 MEDIA AND INTELLECTUAL LIFE

Introduction 347

  1. State Duma Law, On Communications (20 Jan) 350
  2. Russian Federation Government Decree, On the Russian Public Television Joint-Stock Company (21 Jan) 364
  3. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Ratification of the Statute on the Russian Federation Presidential Staff's Information Administration (24 Jan) 365
  4. Statute on the Russian Federation Presidential Staff's Information Administration (24 Jan) 366
  5. Vladislav Listev on His Plans for Russian Public Television (25 Jan) 367
  6. Russian Federation Law, Federal Law on Information, Informatization, and the Protection of Information (25 Jan) 368
  7. B.N. Yeltsin on the "Brain Drain" of Russian Intellectuals (25 Jan) 377
  8. Besik Urigashvili, Vadim Belykh, Sergei Mostovshchikov, Who Stands to Gain From the Death of Listev? (4 Mar) 377
  9. Vladimir Verin, A Censorship Committee is Being Created(27 Apr) 380
  10. Russian Federation Government Decree, On Measures to Improve Cooperation Between the Russian Federation Government and the Mass News Media (3 May) 382
  11. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Russian Federation President's Press Service (18 May) 383
  12. Information Service for the Press (24 May) 383
  13. Boris Yeltsin, Speech at Democratic Press Forum (1 Sep) 384
  14. Olga Bakushinskaia, Will They Bury Poptsov Together With Ostankino? (14 Oct) 388
  15. To Our Readers! [Rossiiskaia gazeta] (19 Dec) 389

Bibliography 390

Glossary 393

Indexes

  1. Names 394
  2. Subject 396
  3. Geography and Places 399
  4. Institutions 400

 

Go to Academic International Press Home Page.


Click here to send us e-mail with your comments.

© 2000 Academic International Press