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Russia and Eurasia Documents Annual 1996

(Formerly USSR Documents Annual)

Volume1 The Russian Federation

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword xiv

Introduction xv

CHAPTER 1 GOVERNMENT

Introduction 1

  1. Nikolai Yegorov, In the Administration of the RF President the Traditions of High Professionalism and Selfless Service to the Motherland Will be Developed Further (16 Jan) 5
  2. Statute on the Procedure for the Relationship of the President of the Russian Federation with the Houses of the Federal Assembly of the
  3. Russian Federation in the Legislative Process (13 Apr) 5
  4. Dmitrii Orlov, The Commission on Human Rights. New Membership (23 May) 10
  5. Anatolii Chubais, News Conference on the Dismissal of Korzhakov and Others (20 Jun) 11
  6. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Political Consultative Council (25 Jun) 12
  7. Our Commentary. Ivan Rybkin to Head Council (28 Jun) 13
  8. Membership of the Political Consultative Council (18 Jul) 13
  9. Andrei Yashlavskii, Everything is Relative [Security Council membership] (2 Aug) 13
  10. Valerii Vyzhutovich, Sergei Yastrzhembskii, Russian Federation President's Press Secretary. The President is Not Satisfied With the Work of the Security Council Secretary (23 Aug) 14
  11. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Affirmation of the Statute on the Public Relations Office of the President of the Russian Federation (15 Oct) 15
  12. Statute on the Public Relations Office of the President of the Russian Federation (15 Oct) 15
  13. Interview with Anatolii Kulikov [On Lebed] (16 Oct) 17
  14. Anatolii Kulikov, Internal Policy Is the Essence of My Authority (21 Oct) 23
  15. Presidential Elections 26
  16. Russia, Fatherland, People! Pre-election Platform of Candidate for the Position of President of the Russian Federation, Gennadii Andreevich Zyuganov (19 Mar) 26
  17. Candidates for Presidential Election (12 May) 32
  18. Boris Yeltsin, "I Am Responsible for Everything." Action Program for 1996-2000 (31 May) 33
  19. Presidential Elections Results (16 Jun, 3 Jul) 34
  20. Statement by Candidate for the Presidency from the People's Patriotic Forces Bloc, Gennadii Zyuganov. "Not to Divide, But to Unite" (18 Jun) 34
  21. Aleksandr Lebed, I Know What I am Doing. I Know How To Do It. The Election is Over For Me, I Did Not Become President, But I Made
  22. My Choice (28 Jun) 35
  23. Boris Yeltsin, Election Victory Speech. Action Program (10 Jul) 37

CHAPTER 2 NATIONAL LAWS, DECREES and STATUTES

Introduction 38

  1. Russian Federation President Decree, Questions of the Administrative Staff of the Russian Federation President (29 Jan) 39
  2. Russian Federation President Decree, Statute on the Russian Federation President's Main State Law Administration (7 Mar) 41
  3. Russian Federation President Decree, On Reducing the Number of Workers in the Federal Organs of Executive Authority and State
  4. Organs Under the President of the Russian Federation (9 Mar) 45
  5. Russian Federation President Decree, On Measures for Strengthening Discipline in the System of State Service (6 Jun) 46
  6. Decree Approving the Structure and Mandate of the Security Council (10 Jul) 48
  7. Statute on the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation (18 Jul) 48
  8. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Structure of the Federal Organs of Executive Power (14 Aug) 55
  9. Russian Federation President Decree, On Strengthening State Control Over the Turnover of Alcohol Products (18 Aug) 58
  10. Russian Federation Government Decree, On Measures for Strengthening the Procedure for Trade in Alcoholic Products (19 Aug) 59
  11. Russian Federation President Decree, On Amendments to the Statute on the Procedure for Work to Delimit Objects of Jurisdiction and Powers Between the Federal Organs of State Power and the Organs of State Power of Russian Federation Components and on the Mutual Transfer of the Exercise of Part of Their Powers by the Federal Organs of Executive Power and the Organs of Executive Power of Russian Federation Components (25 Nov) 60
  12. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Basic Documents Certifying the Identity of Russian Federation Citizens Outside the Russian Federation (21 Dec) 61

CHAPTER 3 THE POLITICAL SCENE

Introduction 62

  1. Mikhail Shchipanov, Such is Evgenii Primakov (12 Jan) 65
  2. Gennadii Seleznev, I Do Not Like the Word "Speaker" (19 Jan) 66
  3. Viktoriia Molodtsova, My One Hundred Line to the Newspaper. Women, How Are We Called Now? (31 Jan) 67
  4. Russian Federation Federal Assembly State Duma Decree, On the Legal Validity of the Results of the USSR Referendum on 17 March 1991 on the Question of Preserving the USSR for the Russian Federation-Russia (19 Mar) 68
  5. Statement by the Initiators of the State Duma Resolution on the Belovezh Agreements (20 Mar) 68
  6. Lyubov Tsukanova, Senators Seek Way Out of Impasse Created by Duma [On resolution to restore the USSR] (20 Mar) 69
  7. Gennadii Zyuganov, We Are Fulfilling the Will of the Voters (21 Mar) 70
  8. Stepan Kiselev, A "Third Force" Overwhelms St. Petersburg [Sobchak is Defeated] (4 Jun) 71
  9. Anna Kozyreva, Elections. Invite Me Into the Senate! (10 Sep) 72
  10. Aleksandr Batygin, Prognosis. "This Is What I Have Decided!" But What About Us? What About You? [On Lebed and Rutskoi] (25 Oct) 73
  11. Seleznev Refuses to Attend Cabinet Session with Chubais (30 Oct) 74
  12. Gennadii Yezhov, Seleznev Scheduled to Attend Council Meeting-According to Chernomyrdin (30 Oct) 75
  13. Interview with Boris Berezovskii, Deputy Director, Security Council (3 Nov) 76
  14. Igor Melnik, Berezovskii Becomes Part of the Security Council (8 Nov) 76
  15. Jewish Bankers and Chechen Grenade Throwers (Nov) 77
  16. Lebed Discusses New Party (30 Dec) 78
  17. The Communists 79
  18. Vladimir Guliev, Subjectively. But is the CPRF Constitutional? (17 Jan) 79
  19. Galina Sedykh, Gennadii Zyuganov. "I am Convinced That People Will Understand Us" (21 Mar) 81
  20. Gennadii Zyuganov, Learning Patriotism (27 Apr) 82
  21. Feliks Babitskii, Disassembling in the "Left" Camp (23 May) 84
  22. "The Motherland Calls On You! Vote for Zyuganov!" Communist Election Poster (14 Jun) 85
  23. S. Vasil'tsov, O. Bukhov, Four "Snags" for the Opposition (6 Aug) 86
  24. Declaration of the People's Patriotic Union of Russia Movement (10 Aug) 91

CHAPTER 4 THE REPUBLICS AND TERRITORIES

Introduction 94

  1. General 96
  2. Vyacheslav Aleksandrovich Mikhailov, Any Separatist Movement Requires a Decisive Answer (28 Feb) 96
  3. Ilya Maksakov, Dagestan. Ethnic Movements Are Activated. They Remain Divided and Have Little Influence on the Situation (29 Feb) 98
  4. Concept of the State Nationality Policy of the Russian Federation (1 May) 100
  5. Aleksandr Batygin, My Power Is My Power (6 Dec) 108
  6. Tatarstan 110
  7. Galina Grigorenko, Nationals are for Unification, But Only on A "Sovereign" Basis (29 Feb) 110
  8. Mintimer Shaymiev, I Am In Favor of Yeltsin, But Without the War in Chechnia (26 Mar) 111
  9. Nikolai Morozov, Persecuted by an Ill Wind. Refugees Search for a Roof Over Their Heads (27 Mar) 113
  10. Conference in the Kremlin [on Tatarstan] (23 May) 113
  11. Farid Mukhametshin, We Do Not Yearn For What Belongs to Someone Else-We Value Our Own (16 Oct) 115
  12. Mintimer Shaymiev, Sovereignty as Tatarstan Understands It (28 Oct) 117
  13. Chechnia 118
  14. Doku Zavgaev, Ideologists of Dividing Chechnia Will Gain Nothing (4 Jan) 118
  15. Refugees From the Conflict in Chechnia (4 Jan) 119
  16. Valerii Yakov, Dudaev's Decree. More Women Than Men Must Be Killed (13 Jan) 120
  17. Boris Yeltsin Address on Events in Dagestan (Pervomaiskoe) (18 Jan) 122
  18. Russian Federation President Decree, On Measures for the Rejuvenation of the Economy and Social Sphere in the Chechen Republic in 1996 (24 Jan) 123
  19. Valerii Virkunen, What the War is Costing (Jan) 124
  20. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Representative of the Federation Government in the Chechen Republic (6 Mar) 124
  21. Statute on the Russian Federation Government Representative in the Chechen Republic (6 Mar) 125
  22. Zhanna Kasianenko, Boris Yeltsin on Dzhokar Dudae. "Since We Cannot Catch Him" (12 Mar) 126
  23. Vladimir Gavrilenko, Anatolii Stasovskii, Chechnia: Imitation of Activity on the Eve of Collapse? (12 Mar) 127
  24. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Settlement of the Crisis in the Chechen Republic (1 Apr) 128
  25. Authorized to Untie the Chechnia Knot (4 Apr) 130
  26. Composition of the Russian Federation State Commission to Settle the Crisis in the Chechen Republic (4 Apr) 130
  27. Interview with Dudaev (16 Apr) 130
  28. Aleksandr Lebed's Peace Plan for Chechnia (27 Aug) 131
  29. Principles for Defining the Basis of Relations Between the Russian Federation and the Chechen Republic (3 Sep) 132
  30. State Duma Resolution, On Measures for a Peaceful Settlement of the Crisis in the Chechen Republic (25 Oct) 132
  31. Agreement Between the Chechen and Russian Governments (23 Nov) 133

CHAPTER 5 MILITARY AND SECURITY FORCES

Introduction 134

  1. Military 138
  2. Aleksandr Golts, Kolesnikov. The Improvement in the Leadership of Troops Must Not Be an Object for Political Speculation (25 Jan) 138
  3. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Call-Up of Russian Federation Citizens for Military Service in April-June 1996 and on the Discharge from Military Service of Draftee Soldiers, Sailors, NCO's, Petty Officers, and Military Construction Workers Who Have Completed Their Prescribed Period of Military Service (23 Mar) 139
  4. Aleksandr Kondrashov, Statisticsin the Military (29 Mar) 140
  5. Russian Federation President Decree, On Changing Over to Staffing the Ranks of Private and Sergeant in the Armed Forces and in Other Troops of the Russian Federation on a Professional Basis (16 May) 140
  6. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Procedure for Sending Conscripted Servicemen to Carry Out Missions Under Armed Conditions and to Take Part in Combat Operations (16 May) 141
  7. Russian Federation President Decree, Questions of the Civil Defense of the Russian Federation (27 May) 141
  8. The Ministry of Defense Has a Clear Policy on Equipping the Army (31 May) 142
  9. Capt.1st Rank Vladimir Yermolin, The RF Law "On Defense" was Signed by the President and is Coming Into Force (5 Jun) 143
  10. Russian Federation President Decree, The State Remembers Its Sons. On Rights and Concessions for Servicemen Who Are Performing (or Have Performed) Tasks in the Armed Conflict in the Chechen Republic (12 Jun) 145
  11. Russian Federation Government Decree, Question of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense Industries (18 Jul) 146
  12. Military Procurator's Office Is Powerless Against the Generals. Why? (19 Jul) 147
  13. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Russian Federation Defense Council (24 Jul) 150
  14. Statute on the Russian Federation Defense Council (25 Jul) 151
  15. Membership of the Defense Council Announced (25 Jul) 153
  16. Valerii Kornev, Igor Korolkov, Viktor Litovkin, Counterblow. Does It Interest General Rokhlin to Have All Suspicion Lifted from Him? (30 Jul) 154
  17. Mikhail Sevastyanov, Armed Weakness. Today This is Exactly What We Can Call Our Armed Forces, Which the Ministry of Finance Has Abandoned on Hunger Rations (27 Sep) 157
  18. Russian Federation Federation Council Decree, On the Appeal of the Collegium of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense in Connection with Their Insufficient Financing (8 Oct) 159
  19. Leonid Kotov, Rodionov Seeks to Increase the Role of the General Staff (22 Oct) 161
  20. Rodionov Says that the Russian Armed Forces Are in "Crisis" (25 Oct) 161
  21. Defense Ministry Backs the Creation of Military Police Force (30 Oct) 161
  22. Yurii Baturin Describes the Need for a New Military Doctrine (5 Nov) 162
  23. Igor Rodionov, "By a Miracle We Kept Control of the Army" (20 Nov) 163
  24. Yeltsin Sets Measures to Reform Armed Forces (26 Nov) 164
  25. Defense Council Discusses Military Mobilization Planning (11 Dec) 164
  26. Security, Arms Race 165
  27. Law on Foreign Intelligence Signed (10 Jan) 165
  28. Fundamentals of Russian Federation Border Policy (5 Oct) 166
  29. Colonel Ivan Serebryakov, The Bomb Detonated by The Washington Times (6 Nov) 169
  30. Anatolii Yurkin, General Rokhlin on Nuclear Disarmament (5 Dec) 171

CHAPTER 6 FOREIGN POLICY

Introduction 172

  1. Statute on the Foreign Policy Council Under the Russian Federation President (26 Dec 1995) 175
  2. Vladimir Nadein, The Thin Agreement is Fading, a Real Argument Brewing [with the USA] (23 Jan) 177
  3. Gennadii Yezhov, Ivan Lebedev, Russian-US Documents Signed in Washington (30 Jan) 178
  4. Tamara Zamyatin, Nikolai Kalintsev, The Meeting of Two GenSecs Has Taken Place - CPRF and NATO (23 Mar) 179
  5. Yevgenii Popov, Why Did Gensec Solana Come to Moscow? Smile of the Boa Constrictor in the Name of NATO (23 Mar) 180
  6. Yevgenii Primakov, The Foreign Policy of Russia Must be Multi-Vectored (2 Apr) 181
  7. Yevgenii Bay, Vladimir Mikhaev, Everyone is Satisfied with the Meeting in Moscow, Having Agreed to Settle Differences by Work Procedures (23 Apr) 183
  8. Pavel Shinkarenko, At the Summit a Basis for a Full-Fledged "Eight" Was Laid (23 Apr) 184
  9. Vladimir Kuzar, Russia-China. Partnership Geared to the 21st Century (25 Apr) 186
  10. Vladimir Mikheev, Boris Yeltsin Carries Out Special G-7 Mission [China] (26 Apr) 187
  11. Vladimir Kuzar, Russia and China Make a Choice (30 Apr) 188
  12. Aleksandr Golts, The First Visit was Successful [Japan] (30 Apr) 190
  13. Viktor Khrekov, Konstantin Zhukovskii, Declaration Signed in Cuba (23 May) 191
  14. Vladimir Fedorov, Do We Remember the Taste of Cuban Sugar? (25 May) 191
  15. Anatolii Repin, The Role of Follower Is Not For Us. Yevgenii Primakov on the Principle Directions of Russian Foreign Policy (25 Jun) 192
  16. State Duma Appeal. In Connection with the Plans for NATO's Expansion (25 Oct) 194
  17. Statements by Primakov in Egypt on Middle East and NATO (30 Oct) 196
  18. Rybkin Calls for RF Membership in NATO Political Organization (30 Oct) 197
  19. Vyacheslav Tomilin, Defense Industry Minister Comments on Links With PRC (7 Nov) 198
  20. Vasilii Safronchuk, After the US Presidential Election. Division of Portfolios (10 Nov) 198
  21. Vladimir Kucherenko, Fog on the River. Federation Council Hearings on Russian-Chinese Border Demarcation Problems To Be Held 13 November (11 Nov) 199
  22. Primakov in Japan (19 Nov) 200
  23. Primakov in China (19 Nov) 200
  24. Chernomyrdin Speaks Against NATO Expansion, at Lisbon OSCE Summit (2 Dec) 200
  25. Nikolai Paklin, The NATO Syndrome (14 Dec) 202
  26. Yevgenii Primakov, Our Foreign Policy Cannot Be the Policy of a Second-Rate State (17 Dec) 202
  27. Agreements Signed in Iran (23 Dec) 203
  28. The Near Abroad 204
  29. Andrei Zurzhanskii, Viktor Zhiliakov, Yeltsin Gives Relations With the CIS States Priority (16 Apr) 204
  30. Igor Varlamov, Yurii Kozlov, Official Outlines Foreign Policy Toward Baltic Region (10 Dec) 204
  31. Ukraine 205
  32. Mikhail Shevtsev, Is It Possible to Collaborate Effectively in "Threes" or "Two's"? The First Meeting in History Between the Military Chiefs
  33. of Russia, Ukraine and the USA Opens in Kiev (5 Jan) 205
  34. Mikhail Shchipanov, Primakov's Business is Nearby (26 Jan) 206
  35. Andrei Zurzhanskii, Viktor Zhiliakov, Yeltsin on the Importance of the Black Sea Fleet (16 Apr) 206
  36. Aman Tuleev, The Third Seige. Black Sea Fleet-Common Shield or Bone of Contention? (12 Nov) 207

CHAPTER 7 THE ECONOMY

Introduction 209

  1. Irina Savvateeva, If Russia Does Indeed Receive 9 Billion Dollars, Then It Is Only For the Continuation of Reforms (7 Feb) 213
  2. Aleksandr Koretskii, China Will Be Manufacturing Russian Airplanes On Its Own (7 Feb) 215
  3. Yurii Petrov, How To Attract Foreign Investors (8 Feb) 216
  4. Russian Federation President Decree, On Priority Measures for the Realization of the Federal Law, "On the Introduction of Changes and Additions to the Law of the Russian Federation, 'On the Federal Organs of Tax Police' and the Crime Procedures Code of the USSR'" (14 Feb) 218
  5. Yevgeniia Pismennaia, The Government Opens Its Battle for Budget Revenue (5 Mar) 219
  6. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Implementation of the Constitutional Right of Citizens to [Own] Land (7 Mar) 221
  7. S. Alekseev, The Code of a Civilized Market (14 Mar) 223
  8. Vadim Bardin, Konstantin Levin, Cards Have Been Played. Stakes Have Been Made. IMF Opens Credit Line for Russia (28 Mar) 226
  9. Aleksandr Anichkin, Dmitrii Dokuchaev, Yuliia Ulyanova, Explosive Finances. Security Council Decides To Discover What Threat Money Poses (16 Apr) 228
  10. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Program for the Development of Gasification of the Central Black Earth Region of the Russian Federation in 1996-2000 (6 Jun) 229
  11. Yevgenii Vasilchuk, Authorities Discard the Guarantee Not to Resort to the Emission of Money (11 Jun) 230
  12. Russian Federation President Decree, On the Ratification of a Concept for Developing the Securities Market in the Russian Federation (1 Jul) 230
  13. Russian Federation President Decree, On Measures to Guarantee State Financial Control in the Russian Federation (25 Jul) 231
  14. Natalia Kozlov, Igor Ivantsov, Push to the South in the Lead Freight Car. Russia is Returning to the Post-Soviet Space, Economically, With the Aid of LUKoil and Other Russian Oil Companies (3 Aug) 232
  15. Mikhail Berger, Vice Premier Aleksandr Livshits. "A Financial Catastrophe Is Not Looming" (20 Aug) 236
  16. Irina Nevinnaia, Pension Debts. Calculating on Coercion (6 Sep) 236
  17. Vladimir Kucherenko, Yevgenii Yasin. The High Price of Low Inflation (11 Sep) 238
  18. Aleksandr Velichenkov, Yevgenii Tikhonov, Budget-97. Tax Crusade. State Duma Has Accepted Next Year's Draft Federal Budget for Examination (7 Sep) 238
  19. Aleksandr Livshits, It Is Necessary to Share Everything (8 Oct) 239
  20. Russian Federation Government Decree, On the Partial Alteration of Point 2 of the Russian Federation Government 29 September 1994 Decree No. 1106, "On the Activities of Work to Attract Foreign Investments to the Russian Federation Economy (30 Oct) 241
  21. President of the Russian Federation Decree, On Guaranteeing the Activity of the Provisional Extraordinary Commission on Strengthening Tax and Budget Discipline, Under the President of the Russian Federation (1 Nov) 242
  22. Standing Orders of the Provisional Extraordinary Committee on Strengthening Tax and Budget Discipline, Under the President of the Russian Federation Confirmed by Decree of the President of the Russian Federation (1 Nov) 242
  23. Oleg Polukeev, "Immortals" Feeding Off the Budget [Taxes] (2 Nov) 243
  24. Agreement to Build a Pipeline from Siberia to China (12 Dec) 245
  25. Russian Federation President Decree, On Improving the Reliability of Gas Supplies to Russian Federation Customers (28 Dec) 245
  26. Agriculture 247
  27. Yelena Yakovleva, Spring Sowing Campaign "Black Hole" Will Swallow Another 4 Trillion (7 Feb) 247
  28. Russian Federation President Decree, On Measures to Stabilize the Economic Situation and Develop Reform in the Agro-Industrial Complex (16 Apr) 248
  29. Yelena Ishkova, 100 Billion for Gardeners (19 Jun) 251
  30. Problem with the Harvest Predicted (20 Jun) 251
  31. Andrei Sizov, The Situation in the Grain Market Remains Tense (20 Jun) 252
  32. Yelena Ishkova, President Keeps Promise About Preferential Creditors for Countryside (26 Jul) 253
  33. Aleksandr Parfentev, Vyacheslav Dolgov, Thirty Million People. And All with Shovels! (3 Sep) 254
  34. Viktor Khlystun, Tomorrow is Agriculture and Processing Industry Workers Day (16 Nov) 255
  35. Agricultural Production Likely to be Down in 1997 (14 Dec) 257

CHAPTER 8 QUALITY OF LIFE. HEALTH, the ENVIRONMENT, REFUGEES and MIGRATION, CRIME AND PUNISHMENT

Introduction 258

  1. General 261
  2. Gennadii Yezhov, Government Repays Debts to Schools, Media, Health Sectors (5 Nov) 261
  3. Quality of Life 262
  4. N. Rodzevich, Atlas of a Thousand Sorrows. Demographers Issue a Warning (10 Jan) 262
  5. We Know How to Work. We Have Forgotten to Pay Money! The Kremlin Demands Urgent Measures from Government to Solve Artificial Problem of Non-Payment (8 Feb) 262
  6. Russian Federation President Decree, On State Support of Citizens for the Construction and Acquisition of Housing (29 Mar) 264
  7. Russian Federation President Decree, On Urgent Measures for the Improvement of Pension Guarantees for Citizens of the Russian Federation (15 Apr) 265
  8. Russian Federation Federal Law, On Raising the Minimum Wage (22 Apr) 266
  9. Wage Debt Passes 4 Billion Rubles in June (16 Jul) 267
  10. Lyiz Gladysheva, Zhanna Kasyanenko, Yurii Burov, Russia 5 November. Protest by the Plundered and Oppressed (6 Nov) 267
  11. Wage Debt Summarized (14 Dec) 270
  12. Environment 270
  13. Boris Yeltsin, Speech on the 10th Anniversary of the Chernobyl Disaster (26 Apr) 270
  14. Valerii Pishchulin, How King of the Barracks Shchukin Privatized a Closed City. Nuclear Physics Against the "Chemistry" of an Entrepreneurial Mayor (7 Aug) 271
  15. Crime and Punishment 275
  16. Yurii Skuratov, The Eye of the Sovereign. Interview with the General Procurator (12 Jan) 275
  17. $50 Billion Leaves Russia Illegally Annually (6 Mar) 277
  18. Liliia Seredina, In the Market of the "Slaves of Nausea" [Drug Traffic] (13 Mar) 280
  19. Statute on Cordination of the Activity of Law Enforcement Agencies in Fighting Crime (18 Apr) 283
  20. Yevgenii Ivanov, In Porous "Offshore Funds." One of the First Attempts at a Systematic Analysis of the Flight of Capital from Russia (5 May) 286
  21. Russian Federation Government Decree, Federal Targeted Program for Strengthening the Struggle Against Crime in 1996-1997 (17 May) 288
  22. Russian Federation President Decree, On Urgent Measures to Strengthen Law and Order and Intensify the Struggle Against Crime in the City of Moscow and Moscow Oblast (10 Jul) 289
  23. Russian Federation Government Decree, On the Procedure for Issuing Weapons to Persons Who are Subject to State Protection (17 Jul) 290
  24. Procedure for Issuing Weapons to Persons Who are Subject to State Protection (17 Jul) 291
  25. Federal Targeted Program "Protecting Against Unsupervised and Law-Breaking Behavior of Juveniles" for 1997-1998 (10 Aug) 292
  26. Minister of Interior Statement on Crime Figures, Trends (6 Nov) 294
  27. Police Lieutenant General Aleksandr Dementev, One Ruble in Two is Criminal in Russia (10 Nov) 295
  28. Albert Kozlov, Land of Uncowed Taxpayers. The Shadow Business is Growing Menacingly (18 Dec) 296

CHAPTER 9 MEDIA AND INTELLECTUAL LIFE

Introduction 298

  1. Russian Federation Government Decree, On Federal Targeted Comprehensive Program for the Creation of the Technical Means for Communications, Television, and Radio Broadcasting (27 Nov 1995) 300
  2. Russian Federation Government Decree, On the State Funds for Television and Radio Programs (13 Dec 1995) 300
  3. Russian Federation Government Decree, On Guaranteeing the Distribution of Programs of All-Russia and Regional State Television and Radio Broadcasting Organizations (13 Dec 1995) 301
  4. Nikita Vaynonen, The Opposition Wishes to Introduce Censorship of Broadcasting (10 Apr) 302
  5. Statute on the Press Service of the President of the Russian Federation (2 May) 303
  6. Boris Yeltsin, Speech to Regional Media Workers (6 May) 305
  7. Russian Federation President Decree, On Measures to Strengthen State Support of Culture and Art in the Russian Federation (1 Jul) 307
  8. Aleksei Sinelnikov, From a Spark in Pravda, a Flame Bursts Out (31 Jul) 307
  9. Yurii Bogomolov, Who is with Whom? Interpretation? (20 Oct) 308
  10. New Stipends for Students with Military and MVD Experience (19 Nov) 309

Bibliography 310

Glossary 313

Indexes

  1. Names 314
  2. Subject 316
  3. Geography and Places 320
  4. Institutions 321

 

 

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