Academic International Press


Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual (REFFA)

(Formerly USSR Facts Figures Annual (UFFA))

Edited by Theodore Karasik

REFFA/UFFA Contents

 

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REFFA Volume 18 Contents

CONTENTS

ABBREVIATIONS OF TERMS xvi

ABBREVIATIONS OF SOURCES xvii

PREFACE xix

INTRODUCTION xx

Cleavages and Conflicts in Soviet Successor States in 1992 Lawrence Robertson xx

I COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES

  1. Basic Information 1
  2. CIS Travel Visas, 1992 1
  3. Central Asian Urban and Rural Infant Mortality Rate Per 1,000 Births, 1989 2
  4. CIS Leader Salaries, 1992 3
  5. FSU Adult Emigration 3
  6. Central Asian Migration From and To Russia, 1961-1988 4
  7. Map
  8. Commonwealth of Independent States 4
  9. Basic Indicators 5
  10. CIS Economic Indicators, Jan-Jul 1992 5
  11. Chronology, 1992 11
  12. Military and Security 20
  13. CIS Unified Armed Forces Supreme Command, Nov 1992 20
  14. CIS Strategic Bomber Locations, 1992 20
  15. CIS Strategic Land Bases, 1992 20
  16. FSU Draft Fulfillment by Republic, 1990-1991 21
  17. FSU Military Ethnic Breakdown, 1985-1990 21
  18. CIS Troop Incidents in Transcaucasia, 1991-1992 21
  19. CIS Military Hardware According to CFE, 1992 22
  20. CIS Military Housing, 1992 22
  21. FSU Arms Sales, 1991 26
  22. Estimated FSU Defense Spending, 1985-1991 27
  23. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 27
  24. FSU Income Growth, Jan-Sep 1990-1991 27
  25. CIS Retail Trade Turnover, Jan-Aug 1992 27
  26. CIS Wages, Jan-Jul 1991-Jan-Jul 1992 28
  27. CIS Number of Those Hired Through Employment Services, May-Aug 1992 28
  28. CIS Public Bank Deposits, Sep 1992 29
  29. CIS Consumer Purchasing Power, Jan-Jul 1992 29
  30. CIS Retail Trade Turnover, Jan-Aug 1992 30
  31. Top 75 CIS Commercial Banks, 1 Jan 1992 30
  32. Comparison of Russian and Central Asian Food Prices, Jan 1992 34
  33. CIS Consumer Prices, Aug 1991-Aug 1992 35
  34. CIS Prices for Consumer Goods, 1992 35
  35. Top 100 Baltic Enterprises, 1990 35
  36. FSU Change in Real Per Capita NMP by Republic, 1980-1991 37
  37. Baltic Gold Reserves Held Overseas, 1992 37
  38. FSU Employment by Type of Organization, 1990-1991 38
  39. FSU Sale of Goods and Services by Joint Enterprises, 1988-1990 39
  40. CIS National Income Produced, 1992 39
  41. Total Joint Enterprises in the FSU, Apr 1991 39
  42. FSU Joint Enterprises by Economic Branch, Apr 1991 40
  43. FSU Grain Production, 1990-1991 40
  44. Projected CIS Grain Harvest, 1992 41
  45. CIS Grain Purchases, Sep 1991-Sep 1992 41
  46. CIS Raw Cotton Purchases, Sep 1991-Sep 1992 42
  47. CIS Coal and Fuel at Enterprises, Jan-Sep 1992 42
  48. CIS Grain and Leguminous Crop Harvesting, Jan-Sep 1992 42
  49. FSU Metallurgy Industries, 1991 43
  50. FSU Automobile Statistics, 1991 43
  51. FSU Passenger/Defect-Breakdown Indicators, 1990-1991 44
  52. FSU Railcar Number of Equipment Failures, 1990-1991 45
  53. FSU Railcar Types, 1991 47
  54. FSU Transport Volume Distribution by Republic, 1990-1991 48
  55. CIS Agricultural Figures, Jan-Aug 1992 48
  56. CIS Animal Husbandry, Jan-Aug 1992 51
  57. Energy and Environment 54
  58. Projected CIS Oil Production and Consumption, 1985-2005 54
  59. CIS Natural Gas Production by Region, 1972-1992 54
  60. Projected CIS Energy Production, 1985-2000 55
  61. FSU Nuclear Power Safety Record, 1991 55
  62. Comparison of FSU Energy Potential by Republic, 1992 56
  63. FSU Energy Profile by Republic, 1992 56
  64. CIS Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facilities, 1992 57
  65. Air Pollution in Major Cities, Jan-Jun 1991 57
  66. Costs and Impact of Air Pollution Controls in Major FSU Cities, 1990 58
  67. Foreign Trade and Aid 58
  68. FSU's Largest Trade Partners, 1991 58
  69. FSU Debt, 1991 59
  70. Specific Former Client Debt to the FSU, 1992 59
  71. Russia and CIS Settlements on Debt, May 1992 60
  72. Foreign Debt Distribution Among the CIS States, 1992 61
  73. Foreign Debt to Clients, 1992 61
  74. FSU Import-Export Balance Between Republics, 1991 62
  75. German Financial Aid to the FSU, Jan 1992 62
  76. African Debt to the FSU, 1990-1991 63

II RUSSIA

  1. Basic Information 64
  2. Russian Name Changes, 1987-1992 67
  3. Russia Total Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 67
  4. Russia Urban Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 67
  5. Russia Rural Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 68
  6. Russia Urban/Rural Births/Deaths, 1989 68
  7. Russia Urban/Rural Marriages/Divorces, 1989 68
  8. Russian Distribution in FSU, 1989 69
  9. Ethnic Subgroups in Russia by Population, 1989 69
  10. Map 70
  11. Russia 70
  12. Basic Indicators 72
  13. Russian Economic Indicators, Jan-Sep 1992 72
  14. Russian Per Capita NMP, 1980-1991 84
  15. Chronology, 1992 86
  16. Government 112
  17. Russia Executive Branch Leadership, Nov 1992 112
  18. Russia Legislative Branch Leadership, Nov 1992 114
  19. Russian State Subsidies to Regional Entities, Apr-Dec 1992 116
  20. Political Parties 118
  21. Major Russian Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1992 118
  22. Major Chechen-Ingush Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1992 120
  23. Military and Security 120
  24. Russian Military and Defense Industry, 1992 120
  25. Republic and Russian Military District Borders, 1992 122
  26. Russian Security Organs, 1992 123
  27. Russian Military Leaders, Nov 1992 123
  28. Russian Defense and State Security Officials, Nov 1992 125
  29. Percentage of Russian Defense Industry in Total Production, 1992 125
  30. Foreign Investment in Russian Defense Industries, 1992 125
  31. Health and Welfare 126
  32. Communicable Diseases in Russia, Jan-Jul 1991-1992 126
  33. Russian Pension Fund, Apr-Jun 1992 126
  34. Total Russian Employment, Jan-Mar 1992 127
  35. Total Russian Unemployed, Jan-Mar 1992 128
  36. Russian Job Counseling, Jan-Mar 1992 128
  37. Russian Employment, by Sector and Branch of the Economy, Jan-Mar 1992 128
  38. Demand for Manpower, Jan-Mar 1992 128
  39. Russian Employee Dismissals, Jan-Mar 1992 129
  40. Russian Unemployment, Jan-Aug 1992 130
  41. Russian Minimum Living Wage, Apr 1992 130
  42. Russian Rural Housing Construction, 1991 130
  43. Russian Citizen's Monetary Incomes and Expenditures, Jan-May 1992 131
  44. Russian Citizen's Cash and Monetary Funds, Jan-Jun 1992 131
  45. Moscow Housing Prices, Jan 1992 132
  46. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 132
  47. Russian State Management Expenditure, 1986-1992 132
  48. Maximum Profitability for Russian Products, 1992-1993 132
  49. Russian Raw Materials Profits after Consumption, 1991 133
  50. Basic Data and Raw Materials in Siberia and Far East, 1990 133
  51. Trading on the Moscow Interbank Currency Exchange, 1991-1992 134
  52. Russian Official and Market Ruble/Dollar Exchange Rates, 1989-1992 134
  53. Russian Savings Bank Assets and Liabilities, Jan 1992 134
  54. Projected Privatization Funds and Their Distribution, 1992 135
  55. Projected Russian Enterprise Privatization by Regional Formation and Industry, 1992 136
  56. Projected Russian Enterprise Privatization by Region and Industry, 1992 139
  57. Russian Regional Differences and Voucher Distribution, 1992 140
  58. Number of Privatized Enterprises, 1992 142
  59. Privatization Throughout the Russian Federation, Jan-Jun 1992 142
  60. Total Privatization by Property Funds, Jan-Jun 1992 143
  61. Russian Petroleum and Gas Excise Taxes, 1992 144
  62. Average Land Taxes by Region, 1992 144
  63. Average Land Taxes in Cities by Population and Region, 1992 147
  64. Average and Coefficient Land Taxes in Resort Areas, 1992 147
  65. Russian Energy Export Duties, 1992 148
  66. Russian Defense Export Raw Materials List, 1992 148
  67. Russian Timber and Forest Products Price Trends, 1991 151
  68. Russian Paper Prices, 1991 151
  69. Russian Building Materials Price Trends, 1991 152
  70. Russian Average Retail Price Increases, Dec 1991-Oct 1992 152
  71. Russian Agricultural Production, 1976-1991 153
  72. Russian Private Farms, Jan 1991-Jul 1992 153
  73. Russian Land Under Private Cultivation, Jan 1991-Jul 1992 153
  74. Russian Grain Output, 1988-1992 154
  75. Russian Grain Yields, 1991-1992 154
  76. Comparison Russian Agricultural Supplies, Jan-Aug 1991-1992 155
  77. Russian Total Livestock, 1985-1991 155
  78. Russian Meat and Dairy Production, 1990-1991 155
  79. Russian Agricultural Deliveries Throughout the Federation, 1992 156
  80. Meat and Dairy Deliveries to Russian Federation Regions, Oct-Dec 1992 156
  81. Meat and Dairy Subsidies to Russian Federation Regions, Oct-Dec 1992 158
  82. Energy and Environment 159
  83. Projected Russian Gas, Oil and Coal Extraction, 1985-2000 159
  84. Russian Fuel Prices, 1991 160
  85. Russian Energy Resource Prices, Sep 1992-Jan 1993 160
  86. Kuzbass Coal Production, 1985-1989 161
  87. Project Russian Natural Gas Pipeline Reconstruction, 1996-2030 161
  88. Russian Oil Deposits by Field, 1992 162
  89. Novaya Zemlya Nuclear Waste Dumps 162
  90. Yenisey River Radiation Concentration and Levels, 1990 163
  91. Yenisey River Plutonium and Stronium Content, 1990 164
  92. Foreign Trade and Aid 164
  93. Russian Foreign Trade by Country, Jan-Mar 1992 164
  94. Russian Foreign Trade by Product, Jan-Aug 1992 165
  95. Russian Export/Import Composition, 1991 166
  96. Foreign Investors in Russia, 1992 166
  97. US Aid Package for Russia, 1992 167
  98. Russian Death Penalty Convictions and Executions, 1989-1991 167
  99. Russian Criminal Gangs and Their Acts, 1990-Jun 1991 167
  100. Russian Crime Growth by Act, Jan-Aug 1991-Jan-Aug 1992 168

III ARMENIA

  1. Basic Information 168
  2. Armenian Total Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 169
  3. Armenian Urban Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 169
  4. Armenian Rural Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 170
  5. Armenian Urban/Rural Birth/Death Rate, 1989 170
  6. Armenian Urban/Rural Marriages/Divorces, 1989 170
  7. Map 171
  8. Armenia 171
  9. Basic Indicators 171
  10. Armenian Economic Indicators, 1988-1991 171
  11. Armenian Economic Results for First Quarter, 1992 173
  12. Armenian Per Capita NMP, 1980-1991 174
  13. Armenian Change in NMP Deflator, 1986-1991 176
  14. Armenian Real NMP and GDP Growth Rates, 1986-1991 176
  15. Chronology, 1992 176
  16. Government 180
  17. Armenian Leadership, Nov 1992 180
  18. Political Parties 181
  19. Major Armenian Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1992 181
  20. Military and Security 182
  21. Armenian Military and Defense Industry, 1992 182
  22. Armenian Defense and Security Officials, 1992 182
  23. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 182
  24. Armenian Construction Activity, 1988-1990 182
  25. Estimated Losses Suffered by Armenian Enterprises as a Result of the Blockade, 1991 183
  26. Armenian Industrial Production, 1988-1991 183
  27. Armenian Agricultural Production, 1988-1991 184
  28. Energy and Environment 185
  29. Armenian Total Energy Sources, 1985-1990 185
  30. Armenian Origin of Energy Imports, 1990 186
  31. Foreign Trade and Aid 187
  32. Armenian Imports and Exports, 1980-1990 187
  33. Armenian Foreign Trade and Trade with the Republics of the Former USSR, 1988-1990 187
  34. Armenian Foreign and Interrepublican Trade, 1987-1990 188
  35. Armenian Export/Import Composition, 1991 189

IV AZERBAIJAN

  1. Basic Information 189
  2. Azeri Total Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 191
  3. Azeri Urban Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 191
  4. Azeri Rural Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 191
  5. Azerbaijani Urban/Rural Births/Deaths, 1989 191
  6. Azerbaijani Urban/Rural Marriages/Divorces, 1989 191
  7. Map 192
  8. Azerbaijan 192
  9. Basic Indicators 193
  10. Azeri Economic Indicators, 1987-1991 193
  11. Azeri Economic and Social Indicators, 1991 194
  12. Azeri Macroeconomic Indicators, 1985-1991 200
  13. Azeri Per Capita NMP, 1980-1991 201
  14. Chronology, 1992 203
  15. Government 208
  16. Azeri Leadership, 1992 208
  17. Political Parties 208
  18. Major Azeri Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1992 208
  19. Military and Security 208
  20. Azeri Military and Defense Industry, 1992 208
  21. Azeri Defense and Security Officials, 1992 209
  22. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 209
  23. Azeri Price and Exchange Rate Indices, Jan 1991-Jan 1992 209
  24. Azeri Fiscal Trends, 1987-1992 210
  25. Azeri Industrial Production, 1980-1991 211
  26. Azeri Agricultural Production by Major Crop, 1976-1991 212
  27. Major Azeri Agricultural Commodities Yields, 1976-1991 213
  28. Energy and Environment 214
  29. Azeri Crude Oil Production, 1980-1991 214
  30. Azeri Oil Supply and Trade, 1985-1991 214
  31. Azeri Refinery Production, 1985-1991 214
  32. Foreign Trade and Aid 215
  33. Azeri Trade and Transfer Balances, 1987-1991 215
  34. Azeri Interrepublican Trade by Location 215
  35. Azeri Export/Import Composition, 1991 216

V BELARUS

  1. Basic Information 216
  2. Belarusian Total Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 217
  3. Belarusian Urban Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 217
  4. Belarusian Rural Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 218
  5. Belarusian Urban/Rural Births/Deaths, 1989 218
  6. Belarusian Urban/Rural Marriages/Divorces, 1989 218
  7. Map 219
  8. Belarus 219
  9. Basic Indicators 220
  10. Belarusian Economic and Social Statistics, Jan-Jul 1992 220
  11. Belarusian Per Capita NMP, 1980-1991 228
  12. Chronology, 1992 230
  13. Government 234
  14. Belarus Leadership, Oct 1992 234
  15. Political Parties 236
  16. Major Belarusian Political Parties or Groups, 1988-1992 236
  17. Military and Security 236
  18. Belarus Military and Defense Industry, 1992 236
  19. Belarus Defense and Security Officials, Nov 1992 237
  20. Health and Welfare 237
  21. Belarusian Social Safety Net Accounts, 1991-1992 237
  22. Average Belarusian Employment by Branches, 1985-1991 238
  23. Belarus Employment Wages by Occupation, 1991-1992 238
  24. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 239
  25. Belarusian Net Material Product, 1990-1991 239
  26. Belarusian Industrial Production, 1985-1992 240
  27. Belarusian Construction Statistics, 1961-1991 240
  28. Belarusian Agricultural Production, 1985-1991 241
  29. Energy and Environment 242
  30. Belarusian Fuel and Energy Production, Consumption and Net Imports, 1970-1990 242
  31. Foreign Trade and Aid 243
  32. Belarus Export/Import Composition, 1991 243
  33. Belarusian Exports and Imports by Branches, 1990 244
  34. Belarus Foreign Trade by Country, Jan-Mar 1992 245

VI ESTONIA

  1. Basic Information 245
  2. Estonian Demographic Statistics, 1979-1989 247
  3. Estonian Total Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 247
  4. Estonian Urban Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 247
  5. Estonian Rural Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 247
  6. Estonian Urban/Rural Births/Deaths, 1989 248
  7. Estonian Urban/Rural Marriages/Divorces, 1989 248
  8. Map 249
  9. Estonia 249
  10. Basic Indicators 249
  11. Estonian Economic and Social Indicators, 1991 249
  12. Estonian Per Capita NMP, 1980-1991 251
  13. Chronology, 1992 253
  14. Government 258
  15. Estonia Leadership, Oct 1992 258
  16. Political Parties 258
  17. Major Estonian Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1992 258
  18. Military and Security 259
  19. Estonian Military and Defense Industry, 1992 259
  20. Estonian Defense and Security Officials, 1992 259
  21. Health and Welfare 260
  22. Estonian Social Indicators, 1988-1989 260
  23. Distribution of Labor Force, 1989 261
  24. Ethnic Estonians' Share in State Sector Employment, 1988 261
  25. Estonian Monthly Wages by Economic Branch, 1980-1989 261
  26. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 262
  27. Estonia-Russia Consumer Price Index, 1990-1992 262
  28. Estonian Capital Investment by Sector, 1980-1989 262
  29. Estonian Employment and Sales by Cooperatives, 1988-1991 263
  30. Estonian Industrial Production, 1985-1989 263
  31. Estonian Production of Industrial Products and Materials, 1980-1989 263
  32. Estonian Industrial Output, 1989 265
  33. Estonian Agricultural Enterprises, 1988 265
  34. Estonian Farm Output Growth, 1985-1990 265
  35. Estonian Production of Agricultural Products, 1980-1989 265
  36. Energy and Environment 265
  37. Estonian Energy Statistics, 1970-1991 265
  38. Foreign Trade and Aid 266
  39. Estonian Interrepublic Trade, Geographical Composition, 1977-1990 266
  40. Estonian Trade in Domestic Prices, 1989 267
  41. Estonian Trade in Foreign Trade Prices, 1989 268
  42. Estonian Duty Fees, 1992 268

VII GEORGIA

  1. Basic Information 269
  2. Georgian Total Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 270
  3. Georgian Urban Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 270
  4. Georgian Rural Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 271
  5. Georgian Urban/Rural Births/Deaths, 1989 271
  6. Georgian Urban/Rural Marriages/Divorces, 1989 271
  7. Map 272
  8. Georgia 272
  9. Basic Indicators 272
  10. Georgian Economic Indicators, 1988-1991 272
  11. Georgian Macroeconomic Indicators, 1988-1991 274
  12. Georgian Per Capita NMP, 1980-1991 275
  13. Chronology, 1992 277
  14. Government 282
  15. Georgia Leadership, Nov 1992 282
  16. Political Parties 283
  17. Major Georgian Political Parties or Groups, 1988-1992 283
  18. Military and Security 284
  19. Georgian Military and Defense Industry, 1992 284
  20. Georgian Defense and Security Officials, Nov 1992 284
  21. Georgian National Security and Defense Council, Dec 1992 284
  22. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 285
  23. Georgian NMP by Origin, 1980-1991 285
  24. Georgian Industrial Production, 1980-1991 286
  25. Georgian Agricultural Production, 1987-1991 289
  26. Georgian Imports and Exports, 1987-1991 290
  27. Georgian Consumer and Manufactured Products, Including Import and Export, 1990 291
  28. Foreign Trade and Aid 292
  29. Georgian Export/Import Composition, 1991 292

VIII KAZAKHSTAN

  1. Basic Information 292
  2. Kazakhstan's Ethnic Population, 1989-1992 294
  3. Kazakhstan's Ethnic Population, 1989-1992 294
  4. Kazakhstan's Ethnic Groups by Rate of Increase, 1989-1992 294
  5. Kazakhs by Region, 1989-1992 295
  6. Kazakh Total Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 295
  7. Kazakh Urban Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 295
  8. Kazakh Rural Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 296
  9. Kazakh Urban/Rural Births/Deaths, 1989 296
  10. Kazakh Urban/Rural Marriages/Divorces, 1989 296
  11. Kazakh Name Changes, 1992 297
  12. Map 298
  13. Kazakhstan 298
  14. Basic Indicators 298
  15. Kazakh Economic Indicators, 1988-1991 298
  16. Kazakh Economic and Social Data, Jan-Jul 1992 300
  17. Kazakh Per Capita NMP, 1980-1991 304
  18. Chronology, 1992 306
  19. Government 311
  20. Kazakh Leadership, Nov 1992 311
  21. Kazakh Governmental Structure, 1992 315
  22. Political Parties 316
  23. Major Kazakh Political Parties or Groups, 1988-1992 316
  24. Military and Security 316
  25. Kazakh Military and Defense Industry, 1992 316
  26. Kazakh Defense and Security Officials, Nov 1992 317
  27. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 317
  28. Kazakh Industrial Production, 1990-1991 317
  29. Energy and Environment 319
  30. Kazakh Energy and Mining Production and Utilization, 1980-1990 319
  31. Foreign Trade and Aid 321
  32. Kazakh Foreign Trade by Groups of Countries, 1980-1990 321
  33. Production and Exports of Separate Commodities in Kazakhstan, 1990 321
  34. Gross Yield of Agricultural Products, 1,000 T 321
  35. Productivity of Agriculture 321
  36. Total Stock Number 322
  37. Output of Stock Breeding 322
  38. Output of Fuel 322
  39. Production of Mineral Fertilizers 322
  40. Production of H2SO3 (Sulphur Acid) & Na2SO3 (Caustic Soda) 322
  41. Steel and Concrete Output 322
  42. Production of Chemical and Synthetic Materials, Etc. 322
  43. Output of Iron and Manganese Ore 322
  44. Kazakh Export/Import Composition, 1991 323
  45. Kazakh Foreign Trade by Country, Jan-Mar 1992 323
  46. Foreign Partners of Kazakhstan's Joint Ventures 324
  47. Exports, Imports and Domestic Sales of Kazakh Joint Ventures by Region in 1992 324

IX KYRGYZSTAN

  1. Basic Information 325
  2. Kyrgyz Total Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 326
  3. Kyrgyz Urban Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 326
  4. Kyrgyz Rural Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 327
  5. Kyrgyz Urban/Rural Births/Deaths, 1989 327
  6. Kyrgyz Urban/Rural Marriages/Divorces, 1989 327
  7. Map 328
  8. Kyrgyzstan 328
  9. Basic Indicators 328
  10. Kyrgyz Economic Indicators, 1987-1991 328
  11. Kyrgyz Per Capita NMP, 1980-1991 330
  12. Chronology, 1992 332
  13. Government 334
  14. Kyrgyzstan Leaders, Nov 1992 334
  15. Political Parties 337
  16. Major Kyrgyz Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1992 337
  17. Military and Security 338
  18. Kyrgyz Military and Defense, 1992 338
  19. Kyrgyz Defense and Security Officials, Nov 1992 338
  20. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 338
  21. Kyrgyz Gross Domestic Product, 1987-1990 338
  22. Kyrgyz Net Material Product, 1987-1991 339
  23. Projected Kyrgyz Excise Collections and Value-Added Tax on Excisable Goods, 1992 339
  24. Kyrgyz Budgetary Subsidies, 1987-1992 340
  25. Kyrgyz Balance of Payments, 1987-1991 340
  26. Kyrgyz Export/Import Composition, 1991 342

X LATVIA

  1. Basic Information 342
  2. Latvian Total Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 343
  3. Latvian Urban Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 343
  4. Latvian Rural Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 344
  5. Latvian Urban/Rural Births/Deaths, 1989 344
  6. Latvian Urban/Rural Marriages/Divorces, 1989 344
  7. Map 345
  8. Latvia 345
  9. Basic Indicators 345
  10. Latvian Economic and Social Indicators, 1991 345
  11. Latvian Per Capita NMP, 1980-1991 348
  12. Chronology, 1992 350
  13. Government 355
  14. Latvian Leadership, 1992 355
  15. Political Parties 356
  16. Major Latvian Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1992 356
  17. Military and Security 356
  18. Latvian Military and Defense Industry, 1992 356
  19. Latvian Defense and Security Officials, Nov 1992 356
  20. Health and Welfare 357
  21. Latvian Social Indicators, 1989 357
  22. Latvian Labor Force by Sector, 1990 357
  23. Ethnic Latvians' Share in State Sector Employment, 1987 358
  24. Latvian Average Monthly Wages and Salaries by Branch of the Economy, 1980-1990 358
  25. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 359
  26. Latvian Average Monthly Wages and Salaries by Branch of the Economy, 1980-1990 359
  27. Latvian Capital Investment, by Sector of the Economy, 1980-1990 359
  28. Hard Currency Traded at Parex Exchange, Jan 1992 360
  29. Freight Traffic at Riga and Ventspils, 1988-1989 360
  30. Latvian Means of Transport in 1989 360
  31. Latvian Land Transport Networks, 1989 360
  32. Latvian Industrial Output, Selected Years, 1980-1989 360
  33. Latvian Production of Selected Industrial Products and Materials, 1980-1990 361
  34. Selected Characteristics of Latvian Agricultural Enterprises, 1988 363
  35. Latvian Production of Major Agricultural Products, Selected Years, 1980-1989 363
  36. Energy and Environment 363
  37. Latvian Energy Balance Sheet, 1980-1990 363
  38. Foreign Trade and Aid 364
  39. Latvian Trade in Domestic Prices, 1989 364
  40. Latvian Trade in Foreign Trade Prices, 1989 364

XI LITHUANIA

  1. Basic Information 365
  2. Lithuanian Demographic Statistics, 1979-1989 366
  3. Lithuanian Total Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 366
  4. Lithuanian Urban Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 366
  5. Lithuanian Rural Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 367
  6. Lithuanian Urban/Rural Births/Deaths, 1989 367
  7. Lithuanian Urban/Rural Marriages/Divorces, 1989 367
  8. Lithuanian Per Capita NMP, 1980-1991 368
  9. Map 370
  10. Lithuania 370
  11. Chronology, 1992 370
  12. Government 377
  13. Lithuania Leadership, October 1992 377
  14. Political Parties 378
  15. Major Lithuanian Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1992 378
  16. Military and Security 378
  17. Lithuanian Military and Defense Industry, 1992 378
  18. Lithuanian Defense and Security Officials, Nov 1992 379
  19. Health and Welfare 379
  20. Lithuanian Social Indicators, 1989 379
  21. Lithuanian Labor Force and Employment, 1980-1991 380
  22. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 381
  23. Lithuanian Gross Industrial Output, 1985-1991 381
  24. Lithuanian Capital Investment by Economic Sector, 1981-1991 381
  25. Lithuanian Privatization, 1992 382
  26. Lithuanian Production of Industrial Products, 1985-1991 383
  27. Lithuanian Industrial Production, 1985-1989 385
  28. Structure of Lithuanian Industrial Branches, 1992 385
  29. Selected Characteristics of Lithuanian Agricultural Enterprises, 1988 386
  30. Lithuanian Agricultural Production, 1980-1991 386
  31. Energy and Environment 386
  32. Lithuanian Energy Balance Sheet, 1980-1990 386
  33. Energy Production, Consumption, and Imports, 1991 387
  34. Foreign Trade and Aid 387
  35. Lithuanian Trade in Domestic Prices, 1990 387
  36. Lithuanian Trade in Foreign Trade Prices, 1990 388
  37. Lithuanian Firms Owned by Foreigners and Capital Invested, 1992 388

XII MOLDOVA

  1. Basic Information 389
  2. Moldovan Population Figures in the Dniester Region, 1992 390
  3. Moldovan Total Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 390
  4. Moldovan Urban Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 390
  5. Moldovan Rural Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 390
  6. Moldovan Urban/Rural Births/Deaths, 1989 391
  7. Moldovan Urban/Rural Marriages/Divorces, 1989 391
  8. Map 392
  9. Moldova 392
  10. Basic Indicators 392
  11. Moldovan Economic Indicators, 1985-1991 392
  12. Moldovan Macroeconomic Indicators 394
  13. Moldovan Per Capita NMP, 1980-1991 395
  14. Chronology, 1992 397
  15. Government 404
  16. Moldovan Leadership, Apr 1992 404
  17. The New Moldovan Government, Nov 1992 405
  18. Political Parties 406
  19. Major Moldovan Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1992 406
  20. Military and Security 407
  21. Moldovan Military and Defense Industry, 1992 407
  22. Moldovan Defense and Security Officials, Nov 1992 407
  23. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 408
  24. Moldovan Net Material Product by Origin, 1970-1990 408
  25. Moldovan Gross Industrial Output, 1970-1991 409
  26. Moldovan Agricultural Production, 1970-1991 410
  27. Moldovan Agricultural Production, Yields, and Numbers of Livestock, 1971-1991 412
  28. Energy and Environment 413
  29. Moldovan Energy Imports by Republic, 1990 413
  30. Foreign Trade and Aid 414
  31. Moldovan Interrepublican, Foreign, and Total Trade, 1982-1992 414
  32. Moldovan Imports and Exports, 1987-1990 415
  33. Moldovan Export/Import Composition, 1991 416

XIII TAJIKISTAN

  1. Basic Information 416
  2. Tajik Total Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 417
  3. Tajik Urban Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 417
  4. Tajik Rural Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 418
  5. Tajik Urban/Rural Births/Deaths, 1989 418
  6. Tajik Urban/Rural Marriages/Divorces, 1989 418
  7. Map 419
  8. Tajikistan 419
  9. Basic Indicators 419
  10. Tajik Economic Indicators, 1988-1991 419
  11. Tajik Economic Indicators, Jan-Jul 1992 421
  12. Tajik Per Capita NMP, 1980-1991 425
  13. Chronology, 1992 427
  14. Government 434
  15. Tajik Leadership, Nov-Dec 1992 434
  16. Political Parties 436
  17. Major Tajik Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1992 436
  18. Military and Security 436
  19. Tajik Military and Defense Industry, 1992 436
  20. Tajik Defense and Security Officials, Nov 1992 436
  21. Health and Welfare 437
  22. Tajik Population, Labor Force, and Employment, 1985-1991 437
  23. Tajik Employment by Sector of Economy, 1985-1990 438
  24. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 439
  25. Tajik Agricultural Production, 1980-1991 439
  26. Tajik Output and Price Indicators, 1988-1991 440
  27. Foreign Trade and Aid 440
  28. Tajik External Trade, 1987-1991 440
  29. Tajik Export/Import Composition, 1991 441

XIV TURKMENISTAN

  1. Basic Information 441
  2. Turkmen Place Name Changes, 1992 442
  3. Turkmen Total Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 444
  4. Turkmen Urban Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 444
  5. Turkmen Rural Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 444
  6. Turkmen Urban/Rural Births/Deaths, 1989 444
  7. Turkmen Urban/Rural Marriages/Divorces, 1989 445
  8. Map 445
  9. Turkmenistan 445
  10. Basic Indicators 446
  11. Turkmen Economic Indicators, 1988-1991 446
  12. Turkmenistan's Economic Indicators, 1991-1992 447
  13. Turkmen Per Capita NMP, 1980-1991 450
  14. Chronology, 1992 452
  15. Government 454
  16. Turkmen Government, 1992 454
  17. Political Parties 455
  18. Major Turkmen Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1992 455
  19. Military and Security 455
  20. Turkmen Military and Defense Industry, 1992 455
  21. Turkmen Defense and Security Officials, Nov 1992 455
  22. Health and Welfare 456
  23. Turkmen Labor Force and Employment, 1980-1991 456
  24. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 457
  25. Turkmen Output and Price Indicators, 1980-1991 457
  26. Turkmen Industrial Production, 1980-1990 458
  27. Turkmen Agricultural Production, 1980-1992 459
  28. Turkmen Construction Activity, 1980-1991 460
  29. Energy and Environment 460
  30. Turkmen Energy Reserves, 1986 and 1980 460
  31. Turkmen Energy Balances, 1988-1992 461
  32. Turkmen Oil Processing, 1988-1991 461
  33. Turkmenistan's Scheduled Gas Deliveries to Former Soviet Republics, 1992 462
  34. Turkmen's Energy Prices, 1991-1992 463
  35. Foreign Trade and Aid 463
  36. Turkmen Foreign Trade by Country, Jan-Mar 1992 463
  37. Turkmen Balance of Payments in Domestic Prices, 1987-1991 464
  38. Turkmen Export/Import Composition, 1991 465

XV UKRAINE

  1. Basic Information 465
  2. Ukrainian Total Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 466
  3. Ukrainian Urban Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 466
  4. Ukrainian Rural Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 467
  5. Ukrainian Urban/Rural Births/Deaths, 1989 467
  6. Ukrainian Urban/Rural Marriages/Divorces, 1989 467
  7. Map 468
  8. Ukraine 468
  9. Basic Indicators 468
  10. Ukrainian Economic Statistics, Jan-Sep 1992 468
  11. Ukrainian Per Capita NMP, 1980-1991 473
  12. Chronology, 1992 475
  13. Government 484
  14. Ukraine Leadership, Nov 1992 484
  15. Political Parties 487
  16. Major Ukrainian Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1992 487
  17. Military and Security 488
  18. Ukrainian Military and Defense Industry, 1992 488
  19. Ukrainian Defense and Security Officials, Nov 1992 489
  20. Ukrainian Air Forces, Mar 1992 490
  21. Ukrainian Ground Forces, Mar 1992 491
  22. Health and Welfare 492
  23. Distribution of Ukrainian Workers by Industry, 1991 492
  24. Ukrainian Minimum Consumer Budget, Jan 1992 492
  25. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 493
  26. Ukrainian Property Holding by Output, Jan-Jul 1991 493
  27. Ukrainian Property Holdings by Region, 1991 493
  28. Ukrainian Domestically Used and Personal Consumption of Goods, 1986-1992 494
  29. Ukrainian Sales Turnover and Paid Services Turnover, 1986-1992 494
  30. Ukrainian Sales of Food and Nonfood Products, 1986-1992 494
  31. Ukrainian Average Real Wage, 1986-1991 495
  32. Ukrainian Real Income and Expenditures, 1986-1991 495
  33. Ukrainian Kolkhoz and Sovkhoz Grain and Vegetable Production, 1991 495
  34. Ukrainian Seaports, Import/Export Volume, 1989-1990 496
  35. Ukrainian Minimal Grain Procurement by Region, 1992 496
  36. Ukrainian Production and Consumption of Agricultural Machinery, 1991 497
  37. Ukrainian Compensation to Agricultural Producers for Sales to State, Jan-May 1992 498
  38. Ukrainian Compensation to Livestock Producers for Sales to State, Jan-May 498
  39. Ukrainian Compensation to Agricultural Producers for Energy Expenditures, Jun-Dec 1992 499
  40. Energy and Environment 499
  41. Summary of Ukraine's Power Engineering in 1991-1992 499
  42. Ukrainian Fuel and Energy Resources, 1990-2005 500
  43. Ukrainian Coal Production, 1991 501
  44. Ukrainian Coal Production by Association, 1991 502
  45. Ukrainian Coal Production, Jan-Jun 1992 502
  46. Ukrainian Coal Stoping Operations, Jun 1991-Jun 1992 503
  47. Ukrainian Coal Production by Association, Jan-Jun 1992 504
  48. Foreign Trade and Aid 505
  49. Ukrainian Trade Indicators, 1987-1991 505
  50. Ukrainian Export/Import Composition, 1991 506
  51. Legal 506
  52. Ukrainian Crime Statistics, Jan-Aug 1992 506

XVI UZBEKISTAN

  1. Basic Information 506
  2. Uzbek Total Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 508
  3. Uzbek Urban Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 508
  4. Uzbek Rural Population by Nationality and Percentage, 1989 508
  5. Uzbek Urban/Rural Births/Deaths, 1989 508
  6. Uzbek Urban/Rural Marriages/Divorces, 1989 509
  7. Map 509
  8. Uzbekistan 509
  9. Basic Indicators 510
  10. Uzbek Economic Indicators, 1987-1991 510
  11. Uzbek Per Capita NMP, 1980-1991 511
  12. Uzbek GDP and NMP, 1987-1991 513
  13. Chronology, 1992 513
  14. Government 517
  15. Uzbekistan Leadership, Nov 1992 517
  16. Political Parties 520
  17. Major Uzbek Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1992 520
  18. Military and Security 521
  19. Uzbek Military and Defense Industry, 1992 521
  20. Uzbek Defense and Security Officials, Nov 1992 521
  21. Energy and Environment 521
  22. Uzbek Energy Balance, 1992 521
  23. Uzbek Natural Resources, 1992 522
  24. Foreign Trade and Aid 522
  25. Uzbek External Trade, 1987-1991 522
  26. Uzbek Foreign Trade by Country, Jan-Mar 1992 523
  27. Uzbek Export/Import Composition, 1991 523
  28. Uzbek Crimes, 1990-1991 523

 

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