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Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual (REFFA)

(Formerly USSR Facts Figures Annual (UFFA))

Edited by Theodore Karasik

REFFA/UFFA Contents

 

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REFFA Volume 20 Contents

ABBREVIATED TERMS

ABBREVIATED SOURCES

PREFACE

I COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES

  1. Basic Information 1
  2. Interrepublic Migration to Russia, 1992-1993 2
  3. FSU Abortion Rates, 1989 2
  4. FSU Projected Populations, 1989-2050 3
  5. Map 4
  6. Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 4
  7. Basic Indicators 5
  8. CIS Economic Indicators, Jan-Sep 1994 5
  9. Chronology, 1994 12
  10. Military, Security, and Crime 15
  11. CIS Nuclear Status, May 1994 15
  12. Health and Welfare 17
  13. Baltic Average and Minimum Monthly Wage 17
  14. CIS Public Pension Schemes, 1992 18
  15. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 18
  16. CIS Economic Decline, 1992-1993 18
  17. Output and Prices in the Baltic Countries, 1987-1992 19
  18. CIS Industrial Production, 1992-1994 19
  19. CIS Railroad Statistics, 1994 21
  20. CIS Truck Production, 1993 22
  21. CIS Meat Production, 1990-1993 24
  22. Energy and Environment 27
  23. Russia and Central Asian Countries Mineral Statistics, 1993 27
  24. Foreign Trade and Aid 29
  25. Presence of International Organizations in the NIS, Feb 1994 29
  26. US Security Assistance to the FSU, 1994 30
  27. US Bilateral Assistance and Credits for the FSU 31
  28. US Grant Assistance for the FSU 31
  29. FSU Citizens Travel Abroad, 1989-1993 32

II RUSSIA

  1. Basic Information 32
  2. Map 45
  3. Russia Basic Indicators 46
  4. Russian Federation Refugees, Jan 1994 46
  5. Russian Natural Resource Distribution, 1994 46
  6. Russian Federation Economic Indicators, Jan-Jun 1994 47
  7. Chelyabinsk Oblast Economic Indicators, Jan-Jun 1994 65
  8. Kabardino-Balkaria Republic Economic Indicators, Jan-Mar 1994 70
  9. Khabarovsk Krai Economic Indicators, Jan-Mar 1994 79
  10. Maritime Krai Economic Indicators, Jan-Jun 1994 84
  11. Moscow City Economic Indicators, Jan-Mar 1994 93
  12. Novosibirsk Oblast Economic Indicators, Jan-Sep 1994 96
  13. Sverdlovsk Oblast Economic Indicators, Jan-Mar 1994 104
  14. Tatarstan Economic Indicators, Jan-Sep 1994 109
  15. Volgograd Economic Indicators, Jan-Mar 1994 115
  16. Chronology, 1994 118
  17. Government 142
  18. Russian Government Officials, Oct 1994 142
  19. Russian Presidential Council, Sep 1994 143
  20. Russian President's Expert Council, Aug 1994 144
  21. Russian Legislative Leadership, Oct 1994 145
  22. Soviet and Russian Female Legislative Representation, 1989-1993 146
  23. Federation Council Statistics, Jan 1994 146
  24. Federation Council Blocs, Feb 1994 147
  25. Duma Blocs, Apr 1994 148
  26. Duma Post Distribution by Bloc, Feb 1994 148
  27. Duma Bloc Attendance, Apr 1994 149
  28. Election Spending by Party, Dec 1993 150
  29. Russian Federal Budget Revenues, Jul 1994 150
  30. Russian Federal Budget Expenditures, Jul 1994 151
  31. Political Parties 153
  32. Major Russian Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1994 153
  33. Military, Security, and Crime 159
  34. Russian Military, 1994 159
  35. Key Russian Security and Intelligence Officials, Feb 1994 160
  36. Russian Intelligence, Security, and Law Enforcement Leaders, Feb 1994 161
  37. Russian Nuclear Weapon Facilities by Administrative Division, 1994 162
  38. Russian Peacekeeping Statistics, Mar 1994 165
  39. Russian Military Housing Supply by Region, 1994 165
  40. Russian Military Withdrawal Data, Aug 1994 166
  41. Russian Defense Ministry's Indebtedness 167
  42. Russian Military Causes for Discharge, 1992-1994 167
  43. Russia's Crimes by Type, 1992-1993 167
  44. Russia's Criminal Groups, Oct 1994 168
  45. Russia's Violent Crimes, 1989-1993 168
  46. Russia's Violent Crimes by Occupation, 1989-1993 169
  47. Russia's Drug Addiction by Region, 1991-1992 169
  48. Health and Welfare 169
  49. Russian Federation Accident Rates, 1993 169
  50. Russian Health Statistics, 1994 170
  51. Russia's Disabled, 1985-1993 171
  52. Incidence of Active Tuberculosis in Russia, 1985-1993 171
  53. Russian Workers and Earning Power, 1992-1993 171
  54. Benefits and Compensation Under Unfavorable Work Conditions, 1992 171
  55. Russian Federation Production Injury, 1985-1993 172
  56. Russian Federation Living Standards by Region, Jan 1993-Jan 1994 172
  57. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 173
  58. Russian Federation General Indebtedness, 1992-1993 173
  59. Russian Inflation Indexes, 1992-1993 176
  60. Russian Gold Production by Region, 1992 176
  61. Comparative Index of Attractiveness for Banking Operations, 1994 177
  62. International Reserves of the Russian Federation, 1993 178
  63. Russian Federation Farm Reorganization, Jan 1994 178
  64. Russian Industrial Production for Agriculture, 1985-1993 179
  65. Russian Consumption of Mineral Fertilizer, 1985-1993 179
  66. Energy and Environment 180
  67. Russian Petroleum Product Exports, Jan-Jun 1994 180
  68. Russian Natural Gas Exports, Jan-Jun 1994 181
  69. Russian Oil Exports, Jan-Jun 1994 181
  70. Approximate Demand for Electricity, 2000-2015 182
  71. Relative Risk Coefficient of Pollution in Russian Cities, 1992 183
  72. Russian Cities With the Highest Concentrations of Specific Pollutants, 1992 183
  73. Foreign Trade and Aid 183
  74. Russian Foreign Trade, 1992-1993 183
  75. Russian Foreign Trade, Jan-May 1994 192
  76. Russian Trade With the CIS, 1993 194
  77. Russian-Arabian Peninsula Trade, 1992 194
  78. Russian-PRC Trade, Jan-Jun 1993 194
  79. Khabarovsk Import/Export Statistics, Jan-Sep 1993 194
  80. Vladimir Oblast Exports, 1993 195
  81. Russian Joint Ventures, 1993 196
  82. Structure of Russian Joint Ventures Exports, 1993 196
  83. US Investment Priorities in Russia, 1990-1993 196
  84. Russian Citizens Travel Abroad, 1993 197

III ARMENIA

  1. Basic Information 198
  2. Basic Indicators 201
  3. Armenian Basic Indicators, 1991-1994 201
  4. Armenian Economic Statistics, Jan-Sep 1994 201
  5. Chronology, 1994 209
  6. Government 212
  7. Armenian Government Officials, Oct 1994 212
  8. Political Parties 213
  9. Major Armenian Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1994 213
  10. Military, Security, and Crime 213
  11. Armenian Military, 1994 213
  12. Armenia's Defense Ministry and Internal Security Apparatus, 1994 214
  13. Health and Welfare 214
  14. Armenian Employment by Sector, 1980-1990 214
  15. Armenian Labor Force, 1980-1991 215
  16. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 216
  17. Armenian Industrial Production, 1988-1991 216
  18. Armenian Agricultural Production, 1988-1991 216
  19. Energy and Environment 217
  20. Armenian Energy Sources, 1991-1992 217

IV AZERBAIJAN

  1. Basic Information 218
  2. Basic Indicators 220
  3. Azerbaijan Basic Indicators, 1991-1992 220
  4. Chronology, 1994 221
  5. Government 226
  6. Azeri Government Officials, Oct 1994 226
  7. Political Parties 226
  8. Major Azeri Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1994 226
  9. Military, Security, and Crime 228
  10. Azeri Military, 1994 228
  11. Health and Welfare 229
  12. Azeri Sectoral Employment, 1991 229
  13. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 230
  14. Baku's Economic Indicators, Jan-Jun 1994 230
  15. Energy and Environment 231
  16. Azeri Refined Oil Production, 1990-1992 231
  17. Foreign Trade and Aid 231
  18. Azeri Foreign Trade, Jan-Jun 1994 231

V BELARUS

  1. Basic Information 232
  2. Basic Indicators 234
  3. Belarusian Economic Indicators, Jan-Aug 1994 234
  4. Chronology, 1994 235
  5. Government 241
  6. Belarusian Government Officials, Oct 1994 241
  7. Belarusian Presidential Elections, 1994 242
  8. Political Parties 242
  9. Major Belarusian Political Parties or Groups, 1988-1994 242
  10. Military, Security, and Crime 243
  11. Belarus Military, 1994 243
  12. Health and Welfare 243
  13. Belarus Incomes and Expenditures, 1990-1992 243
  14. Belarus Employment, 1990-1992 244
  15. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 246
  16. Belarus Economic Statistics, 1988-1992 246
  17. Belarus Industrial Production, 1985-1993 247
  18. Belarus Agricultural Production, 1985 248
  19. Energy and Environment 248
  20. Belarus Energy Sources, 1989-1992 248
  21. Foreign Trade and Aid 249
  22. Belarus-FSU Trade, 1992 249

VI ESTONIA

  1. Basic Information 250
  2. Basic Indicators 252
  3. Estonian Economic Indicators, 1992-1995 252
  4. Chronology, 1994 253
  5. Government 258
  6. Estonian Government Officials, Oct 1994 258
  7. Political Parties 258
  8. Major Estonian Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1994 258
  9. Military, Security, and Crime 259
  10. Estonian Military, 1994 259
  11. Health and Welfare 259
  12. Estonian Real Wage Developments, 1987-1992 259
  13. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 260
  14. Estonian Domestic Gross Product, 1991-1995 260
  15. Estonian Industrial Growth, Jan-Oct 1993 260
  16. Estonian Agricultural Production, 1990-1992 261
  17. Energy and Environment 262
  18. Estonian Energy Production, 1990-1992 262
  19. Estonian Environmental Damage, 1994 263
  20. Foreign Trade and Aid 263
  21. Estonian Trade by Country, 1992 263

VII GEORGIA

  1. Basic Information 264
  2. Chronology, 1994 267
  3. Government 271
  4. Georgian Government Officials, Oct 1994 271
  5. Georgian Budget Deficit Allocations by Region, 1994 271
  6. Political Parties 272
  7. Major Georgian Political Parties or Groups, 1988-1994 272
  8. Military, Security, and Crime 273
  9. Georgian Military, 1994 273
  10. Georgian Crime Statistics, 1992-1993 273
  11. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 274
  12. Georgian Privatization by Region, 1994 274
  13. Foreign Trade and Aid 275
  14. Georgia's Debts to Russia, 1992-1994 275

VIII KAZAKHSTAN

  1. Basic Information 276
  2. Kazakh Population by Nationality, 1979-1994 279
  3. Kazakhstan Migration Scenarios, 1989-2050 279
  4. Basic Indicators 281
  5. Kazakh Economic and Social Statistics, Jan-Jun 1994 281
  6. Chronology, 1994 286
  7. Government 291
  8. Kazakh Government Officials, Oct 1994 291
  9. Kazakh Parliament Information, Mar 1994 292
  10. Kazakh Election Results, 1994 293
  11. Kazakh Government Appropriations, 1994 293
  12. Political Parties 293
  13. Major Kazakh Political Parties or Groups, 1988-1994 293
  14. Military, Security, and Crime 294
  15. Kazakh Military, 1994 294
  16. Kazakh Military Deaths, 1992-1994 295
  17. Health and Welfare 295
  18. Kazakh Household Income and Expenditure, 1989-1992 295
  19. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 296
  20. Kazakh Economic Indicators, 1989-1992 296
  21. Kazakh Real Sector Indicators, 1991-1993 297
  22. Kazakh Fiscal Indicators, 1989-1993 298
  23. Kazakh Monetary and Credit Indicators, 1992 299
  24. Kazakh Agricultural Goods, 1989-1992 300
  25. Kazakh Agricultural Livestock, 1989-1992 300
  26. Kazakh Privatization Funds by Oblast, 1994 300
  27. Energy and Environment 301
  28. Kazakh Crude Oil and Oil Products Energy Balance, 1989-1992 301
  29. Kazakh Uranium Mines, 1994 301
  30. US Energy Ventures and Related Activities in Kazakhstan, 1994 302
  31. Foreign Energy Ventures and Related Activities in Kazakhstan, 1994 303
  32. Foreign Trade and Aid 305
  33. Kazakh-FSU Trade, 1987-1992 305
  34. Kazakh External Economic Indicators, 1989-1993 306

IX KYRGYZSTAN

  1. Basic Information 307
  2. Kyrgyzstan Migration Scenarios, 1989-2050 309
  3. Basic Indicators 310
  4. Kyrgyz Economic and Social Indicators, Jan-Aug 1994 310
  5. Chronology, 1994 312
  6. Government 315
  7. Kyrgyz Government Officials, Oct 1994 315
  8. Political Parties 316
  9. Kyrgyz Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1994 316
  10. Military, Security, and Crime 317
  11. Kyrgyz Military, 1994 317
  12. Kyrgyz Security Council, 1994 317
  13. Health and Welfare 317
  14. Kyrgyz Employment by Sector, 1988-1991 317
  15. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 318
  16. Kyrgyz Sector Indicators, 1991-1993 318
  17. Kyrgyz Fiscal Indicators, 1992-1993 319
  18. Kyrgyz Monetary Indicators 320
  19. Kyrgyz Agricultural Production, 1988-1992 320
  20. Energy and Environment 321
  21. Kyrgyz Energy Statistics, 1990-1992 321
  22. Foreign Trade and Aid 322
  23. Kyrgyz-CIS Trade, 1991-1992 322

X LATVIA

  1. Basic Information 323
  2. Latvians and Foreigners by Cities and Rayons, 1993 326
  3. Basic Indicators 327
  4. Latvian Basic Indicators, Jan-Mar 1994 327
  5. Chronology, 1994 328
  6. Government 334
  7. Latvian Government Officials, Oct 1994 334
  8. Political Parties 334
  9. Major Latvian Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1994 334
  10. Military, Security, and Crime 335
  11. Latvian Military, 1994 335
  12. Latvian Drug Use, 1992-1993 335
  13. Foreign Trade and Aid 335
  14. Latvian Current-Account Balance and Direct Foreign Investment, 1992-1993 335

XI LITHUANIA

  1. Basic Information 336
  2. Basic Indicators 339
  3. Lithuanian Economic Activity by Sector, 1981-1990 339
  4. Chronology, 1994 340
  5. Government 345
  6. Lithuanian Government Officials, Oct 1994 345
  7. Political Parties 345
  8. Lithuanian Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1994 345
  9. Military, Security, and Crime 346
  10. Lithuanian Military, 1994 346
  11. Lithuanian Registered Crimes, 1985-1993 346
  12. Lithuanian Registered Crimes and Percentages of Cases Considered Solved, 1993 346
  13. Lithuanian Crime, Jan-Apr 1994 347
  14. Health and Welfare 348
  15. Lithuanian Monthly Inflation and Real Wages, 1991-1993 348
  16. Lithuanian Labor Force and Employment, 1988-1992 349
  17. Lithuanian Employment Distribution, 1988-1992 349
  18. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 350
  19. Lithuanian Agricultural Output at Current Prices, 1988-1992 350
  20. Energy and Environment 350
  21. Lithuanian Supply and Use of Energy 350
  22. Foreign Trade and Aid 351
  23. Lithuanian Trade With the FSU, 1987-1992 351
  24. Lithuanian Foreign Imports, 1988-1992 351

XII MOLDOVA

  1. Basic Information 352
  2. Basic Indicators 354
  3. Moldovan Economic Indicators, 1989-1992 354
  4. Chronology, 1994 355
  5. Government 359
  6. Moldovan Government Officials, Oct 1994 359
  7. Political Parties 360
  8. Moldovan Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1994 360
  9. Military, Security, and Crime 361
  10. Moldovan Military, 1994 361
  11. Health and Welfare 362
  12. Moldova Employment by Sector, 1970-1991 362
  13. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 363
  14. Moldovan Agricultural Production, 1970-1991 363
  15. Energy and Environment 365
  16. Moldovan Energy Statistics, 1985-1991 365
  17. Moldovan Energy Imports From the FSU, 1991-1992 366
  18. Foreign Trade and Aid 367
  19. Moldovan Imports/Exports With FSU, 1991-1992 367
  20. Moldovan Trade, 1991-1992 368

XIII TAJIKISTAN

  1. Basic Information 370
  2. Tajikistan Migration Scenarios, 1989-2050 373
  3. Chronology, 1994 375
  4. Government 379
  5. Tajik Government Officials, Oct 1994 379
  6. Political Parties 380
  7. Major Tajik Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1994 380
  8. Military, Security, and Crime 380
  9. Tajik Military, 1994 380

XIV TURKMENISTAN

  1. Basic Information 381
  2. Turkmenistan Migration Scenarios, 1989-2050 383
  3. Chronology, 1994 384
  4. Government 386
  5. Turkmen Government Officials, Oct 1994 386
  6. Political Parties 386
  7. Major Turkmen Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1994 386
  8. Military, Security, and Crime 387
  9. Turkmen Military, 1994 387
  10. Turkmen Command Structure, Mar 1994 387

XV UKRAINE

  1. Basic Information 388
  2. Basic Indicators 390
  3. Ukrainian Economic Statistics, Jan-Sep 1994 390
  4. Crimean Economic Indicators, 1992-1993 393
  5. Kiev City Economic Indicators, Jan-Sep 1994 394
  6. Lvov Oblast Socio-Economic Indicators, Jan-Sep 1994 396
  7. Chronology, 1994 401
  8. Government 409
  9. Ukrainian Government Officials, Oct 1994 409
  10. Ukrainian Parliament Party Affiliation, Jul 1994 409
  11. Ukraine's Electoral Regions, 1994 410
  12. Crimean Spring 1994 Parliamentary Elections (First Round) 411
  13. Crimean Spring 1994 Parliamentary Elections (Second Round) 411
  14. Ukrainian Presidential Election by Oblast, Jul 1994 411
  15. Political Parties 412
  16. Ukrainian Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1994 412
  17. Military, Security, and Crime 414
  18. Ukrainian Military, 1994 414
  19. Ukrainian National Security Council, Oct 1994 415
  20. Health and Welfare 415
  21. Ukrainian Population, Labor Force, and Employment, 1985-1992 415
  22. Ukrainian Employment by Sector, 1985-1992 416
  23. Ukrainian State Sector Wages, Apr 1994 417
  24. Lviv Oblast and the City of Lviv Education Statistics, 1985-1992 417
  25. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 418
  26. Ukrainian Output Indicators, 1987-1992 418
  27. Value of Securities in Ukraine, 1993-1994 419
  28. Circulation of Securities in Ukraine, 1993-1994 420
  29. Crimean Privatization Indicators, Jan-Sep 1994 421
  30. Ukrainian Gold Imports/Exports, Jan-Mar 1994 421
  31. Ukrainian Industrial Production, 1989-1992 422
  32. Ukrainian Agricultural Production, 1988-1992 423
  33. Ukrainian Agricultural Statistics, 1988-1992 424
  34. Energy and Environment 424
  35. Ukrainian Energy Products, 1988-1992 424
  36. Ukrainian Power Plants' Capacities and Consumption, Jan 1994 425
  37. Ukrainian Electric Energy Consumers, 1994 425
  38. Ukrainian Coal Industry, 1992-1993 426
  39. Ukrainian Coal Industry Output and Distribution, 1993 426
  40. Foreign Trade and Aid 426
  41. Ukrainian Foreign Trade, Jan-Mar 1994 426
  42. Foreign and Ukrainian Investments, Jan-Mar 1994 427
  43. Ukrainian Enterprises' Foreign Debts by Republic, May 1994 428
  44. Ukrainian-German Trade, 1993 428

XVI UZBEKISTAN

  1. Basic Information 429
  2. Uzbekistan Migration Scenarios, 1989-2050 432
  3. Chronology, 1994 434
  4. Government 437
  5. Uzbek Government Officials, 1994 437
  6. Political Parties 437
  7. Major Uzbek Political Parties and Organizations, 1988-1994 437
  8. Military, Security, and Crime 438
  9. Uzbek Military, 1994 438
  10. Energy and Environment 438
  11. Uzbek Electricity Balance, 1985-1991 438

 

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