Academic International Press


Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual (REFFA)

Volume 21 (the Year 1995)

Edited by Theodore Karasik

REFFA/UFFA Contents

 

Back to Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual (REFFA).

Back to Russia / Soviet Union / Eurasia.

Back to AIP Home Page.

CONTENTS
ABBREVIATED TERMS xiii
ABBREVIATED SOURCES xv
PREFACE xviii
I COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES
Basic Information 1
Map 5
Commonwealth of Independent
States 5
Basic Indicators 6
CIS Economic Statistics by Member
State, Oct 1997 6
The Newly Independent States as
Components of the Soviet Union,
19881990 8
Chronology, 1997 8
Health and Welfare 11
Aviation Crashes and Fatalities in the
USSR and FSU, 19861997 11
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 12
End-Year Official Exchange Rates,
30 Dec 1997 12
New Currencies in the FSU,
19921996 12
Agricultural Share of GDP, 19911995 13
Energy and Environment 15
Nuclear Power in the Post-Soviet
States, 19901996 15
Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Russia
and Ukraine, 19921994 16
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 16
CIS Foreign Trade, Jan-Nov 1997 16
CIS Visible Imports and Exports in
Jan-Nov 1996 and 1997 17
Jan-Nov 1997 Visible Trade Shares 18
International Aid to the Former
Soviet Republics, 19911996 19
II RUSSIA
Basic Information 20
Map 37
The Russian Federation 37
Basic Indicators 38
Russian Population and Labor,
19911996 38
Russian Index of Socio-Economic
Indicators, 19911996 39
The Ethnic Composition of Russia,
1994 40
Chronology, 1997 46
State and Politics 82
Russian State and Government
Officials, Jan 1998 82
Major Russian Political Parties and
Organizations, 1997 83
Organization of the Russian
Federation Government,
Jan 1998 84
Military, Security, and Crime 88
Russian Military, 1997 88
Russian Defense Budget, 1998 89
Russian Crime, 19911996 91
Health and Welfare 91
Russian Federation Health Indicators 91
Russian Health, 19911996 92
Real Living Standards in Russia,
1997 92
Russian Living Standards, 1997 94
Russian Unemployment and Strikes,
19961997 106
Russian Per Capita Consumption of
Selected Foods, 19921995 106
Russian Consumer Durables Held by
Households, 19921995 107
Russian Education, 19911996 107
Russian Monetary Incomes and
Expenditures of the Population,
19911996 107
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 108
Russian Economic Production, 1997 108
Russian Economic Indicators,
19911996 109
Russian Gross Domestic Product,
19931996 109
Russian Labor Force by Sector,
19941995 110
Russian Industrial Output, 1997 110
Russian Industry, 19911996 118
Russian Industrial Production
Growth by Sector, 19931996 118
Russian Capital Construction,
19911996 118
Russian Trade and Services,
19911996 118
Russian Investment, 1997 119
Private Enterprise in Russia,
Oct 1997 121
Russian Money Supply, Credit, and
Savings, 1997 124
Russian Price Changes by Sector,
1997 128
Consumer Goods Prices by Product,
1997 129
Russian Regional Producer Price
Index, Dec 1996 131
Russian Transportation Volume,
1997 133
Russian Transport, 19911996 135
Russian Transportation Indicators,
19931996 135
Russian Agricultural Production,
1997 135
Russian Agriculture, 19911996 138
Russian Agricultural Production by
Commodity, 19931996 138
Energy and Environment 139
Russian Fuel Reserves, 1997 139
Russian Energy Production,
19941996 139
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 139
Russian Foreign Trade,
Jan-Nov 1997 139
Russian International Financial
Statistics, 19961997 140
Russian Foreign Trade, 19911996 143
Russian Foreign Trade, 19941996 143
International Aid to Russia,
19901996 144
US Aid to Russia, 19901996 144
Regional Statistics 145
Russian Regional Socio-Economic
Statistics, 19961997 145
Industrial Production, 1997 163
Private Enterprise in the Regions,
Sep 1997 179
III ARMENIA
Basic Information 182
Chronology, 1997 189
State and Politics 197
Armenian State and Government
Officials, Jan 1998 197
Major Armenian Political Parties
and Organizations, 1997 198
Military, Security, and Crime 199
Armenian Military, 1997 199
Armenian Crime, 1997 199
Health and Welfare 200
Armenian Health Indicators 200
Armenian Labor Force by Sector,
1996 201
Armenian Food Consumption,
1990, 19921994 201
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 201
Armenian Gross Domestic Product,
19931996 201
Armenian Industrial Production by
Sector, 19931996 201
Armenian Agricultural Production,
19931996 202
Armenian Transportation, 19931996 202
Energy and Environment 202
Armenian Energy Production,
19921994, 1996 202
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 202
Armenian International Financial
Statistics, 19961997 202
Armenian Foreign Trade, 19941996 205
IV AZERBAIJAN
Basic Information 205
Chronology, 1997 211
State and Politics 217
Azeri State and Government
Officials, Jan 1998 217
Major Azeri Political Parties and
Organizations, 1997 218
Military, Security, and Crime 218
Azeri Military, 1997 218
Health and Welfare 219
Azerbaijan Health Indicators 219
Azeri Labor Force by Sector, 1996 219
Azeri Per Capita Consumption of
Selected Foods, 19921995 220
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 220
Azeri National Income Produced,
19931996 220
Azeri Industrial Production by
Selected Product, 19931996 220
Azeri Agricultural Production by
Selected Commodity, 19931996 220
Azeri Transportation Indicators,
19931996 221
Energy and Environment 221
Azeri Energy Production, 1991,
19951996 221
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 221
Azeri International Financial
Statistics, 19961997 221
Azeri Foreign Trade, 19941996 222
V BELARUS
Basic Information 223
Basic Indicators 226
The Demographic Situation in
Belarus 226
Belarusian Population and Labor,
19911996 228
Belarusian Index of Socio-Economic
Indicators, 19911996 229
Chronology, 1997 230
State and Politics 238
Belarusian State and Government
Officials, Jan 1998 238
Major Belarusian Political Parties
and Organizations, 1997 239
Military, Security, and Crime 239
Belarus Military, 1997 239
Belarusian Crime, 19911996 239
Health and Welfare 240
Belarus Health Indicators 240
Belarusian Health, 19911996 241
Belarusian Per Capita Food Con-
sumption, 19921995 241
Belarusian Education, 19911996 241
Belarusian Monetary Incomes and
Expenditures of the Population,
19911996 242
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 243
The Belarusian Economy in 1997 243
Belarusian Economic Indicators,
19911996 244
Belarusian Gross Domestic Product,
19931996 244
Belarusian Labor Force by Sector,
1996 244
Belarusian Industry, 19911996 245
Belarusian Industrial Production
Growth by Sector, 19931996 245
Belarusian Trade and Services,
19911996 245
Belarusian Transport, 19911996 246
Belarusian Transportation Indicators,
19921995 246
Belarusian Capital Construction,
19911996 246
Belarusian Agriculture, 19911996 246
Belarusian Agricultural Production
by Commodity, 19931996 247
Energy and Environment 247
Belarusian Energy Production,
19931996 247
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 247
Belarusian International Financial
Statistics, 19961997 247
Belarusian Foreign Trade,
19911996 249
Belarusian Foreign Trade,
19941996 249
VI ESTONIA
Basic Information 250
Chronology, 1997 253
State and Politics 259
Estonian State and Government
Officials, Jan 1998 259
Major Estonian Political Parties
and Organizations, 1997 260
Military, Security, and Crime 260
Estonian Military, 1997 260
Health and Welfare 261
Estonia Health Indicators 261
Estonian Income and Consumption,
1996 262
Estonian Labor Force by Sector,
1994 262
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 263
Estonian Gross Domestic Product,
19931996 263
Estonian Transportation, 1990,
19951996 263
Estonian Agricultural Production,
by Commodity, 19901993 264
Energy and Environment 264
Estonian Energy Production and
Use, 1990, 19951996 264
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 265
Estonian International Financial
Statistics, 19961997 265
Estonian Foreign Trade, 19941996 267
VII GEORGIA
Basic Information 268
Basic Indicators 273
Georgian Population and Labor,
19911996 273
Georgian Index of Socio-Economic
Indicators, 19911996 273
Chronology, 1997 274
State and Politics 280
Georgian State and Government
Officials, Jan 1998 280
Major Georgian Political Parties
and Organizations, 1997 280
Military, Security, and Crime 281
Georgian Military, 1997 281
Georgian Crime, 19911996 281
Health and Welfare 282
Georgia Health Indicators 282
Georgian Health, 19911996 282
Georgian Per Capita Food Con-
sumption, 19901991, 1995 283
Georgian Education, 19911996 283
Georgian Monetary Incomes and
Expenditures of the Population,
19911996 283
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 284
The Georgian Economy in 1997 284
Georgian Economic Indicators,
19911996 285
Georgian Gross Domestic Product,
19931996 285
Georgian Industry, 19911996 286
Georgian Industrial Production by
Sector, 19931996 286
Georgian Trade and Services,
19911996 286
Georgian Transport, 19911996 286
Georgian Transportation Indicators,
19941996 287
Georgian Capital Construction,
19911996 287
Georgian Agriculture, 19911996 287
Georgian Agricultural Production,
by Commodity, 19931996 287
Energy and Environment 288
Georgian Energy Production,
19941996 288
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 288
Georgian Foreign Trade, 19911996 288
Georgian Foreign Trade, 19941996 288
VIII KAZAKSTAN
Basic Information 289
Basic Indicators 295
Kazak Population and Labor,
19911996 295
Kazak Index of Socio-Economic
Indicators, 19911996 296
Chronology, 1997 296
State and Politics 302
Kazak State and Government
Officials, Jan 1998 302
Major Kazak Political Parties and
Organizations, 1997 303
Military, Security, and Crime 304
Kazak Military, 1997 304
Kazak Crime, 19911996 304
Health and Welfare 305
Kazakstan Health Indicators 305
Kazak Health 306
Kazak Per Capita Food Con-
sumption, 1990, 1993, 1995 306
Kazak Education, 19911996 306
Kazak Monetary Incomes and
Expenditures of the Population,
19911996 306
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 307
Kazak Economic Indicators,
19911996 307
Kazak Gross Domestic Product,
19931996 308
Kazak Labor Force by Sector,
19951996 308
Kazak Industry, 19911996 308
Kazak Industrial Production by
Product, 19931996 309
Kazak Trade and Services,
19911996 309
Kazak Transport, 19911996 309
Kazak Transportation Indicators,
19921996 309
Kazak Capital Construction,
19911996 309
Kazak Agriculture, 19911996 310
Kazak Agricultural Production by
Commodity, 19931996 310
Kazak Agricultural Privatization,
1991, 1997 311
Energy and Environment 312
Kazak Energy Production,
19931996 312
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 312
Kazak International Financial
Statistics, 19961997 312
Kazak Foreign Trade, 19911996 314
Kazak Foreign Trade, 19941996 314
IX KYRGYZSTAN
Basic Information 315
Basic Indicators 318
Kyrgyz Population and Labor,
19911996 318
Kyrgyz Index of Socio-Economic
Indicators, 19911996 319
Chronology, 1997 320
State and Politics 324
Kyrgyz State and Government
Officials, Jan 1998 324
Major Kyrgyz Political Parties and
Organizations, 1997 324
Military, Security, and Crime 325
Kyrgyz Military, 1997 325
Kyrgyz Crime, 19911996 325
Health and Welfare 326
Kyrgyzstan Health Indicators 326
Kyrgyz Health, 19911996 327
Kyrgyz Per Capita Food
Consumption, 19921995 327
Kyrgyz Education, 19911996 327
Kyrgyz Monetary Incomes and
Expenditures of the Population,
19911996 327
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 328
Kyrgyz Index of Economic
Indicators, 19911996 328
Kyrgyz Gross Domestic Product,
19931996 329
Kyrgyz Labor Force by Sector, 1996 329
Kyrgyz Industry, 19911996 329
Kyrgyz Industrial Production by
Product, 19931996 329
Kyrgyz Trade and Services,
19911996 330
Kyrgyz Transport, 19911996 330
Kyrgyz Transportation Indicators,
19931996 330
Kyrgyz Capital Construction,
19911996 330
Kyrgyz Agriculture, 19911996 331
Kyrgyz Agricultural Production by
Commodity, 19931996 331
Energy and Environment 331
Kyrgyz Energy Production,
19931996 331
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 331
Kyrgyz Foreign Trade, 19911996 331
Kyrgyz Foreign Trade, 19941996 332
X LATVIA
Basic Information 332
Basic Indicators 336
Latvian Population, 19931997 336
Natural Increase in Population,
19931997 337
Latvian Socio-Economic Situation,
Sep 1997 337
Chronology, 1997 338
State and Politics 345
Latvian State and Government
Officials, Jan 1998 345
Major Latvian Political Parties and
Organizations, 1997 345
The Latvian Parliament Elected
in 1995 346
Military, Security, and Crime 348
Latvian Military, 1997 348
Health and Welfare 348
Latvia Health Indicators 348
Average Monthly Wages and
Salaries in the Public Sector,
1996 349
Latvian Real Wages, 19901996 350
Latvian Consumer Durables, 1996 350
Latvian Education, 19951996 350
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 351
Gross Domestic Product, 19951997 351
Gross Domestic Product, 19961997 351
Gross Domestic Product, 19951997 351
Gross Domestic product, 19961997 351
Latvian Consumer Price Index, 1996 352
Latvian Industrial Production,
19931997 352
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 352
Latvian International Financial
Statistics, 19961997 352
Latvian Foreign Investment,
19951997 355
Latvian Foreign Trade, 19961997 355
XI LITHUANIA
Basic Information 356
Basic Indicators 359
Lithuanian Socio-Economic
Statistics, 1997 359
Chronology, 1997 363
State and Politics 369
Lithuanian State and Government
Officials, Jan 1998 369
Major Lithuanian Political Parties
and Organizations, 1997 369
Lithuanian Presidential Election
First Round Results, Dec 1997 370
Lithuanian Presidential Election
Second Round Results,
Jan 1998 370
Military, Security, and Crime 371
Lithuanian Military, 1997 371
Health and Welfare 371
Lithuanian Health Indicators 371
Real Incomes in Lithuania, 1994 372
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 372
Lithuanian Gross Domestic
Product, 19941996 372
Lithuanian Industrial Production
by Sector, 19941996 373
Lithuanian Labor Force by
Sector, 1996 373
Lithuanian Agricultural and
Livestock Production,
19941996 373
Energy and Environment 373
Lithuanian Electricity Output,
19941996 373
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 374
Lithuanian International Financial
Statistics, 19961997 374
Lithuanian Foreign Trade,
19941996 376
XII MOLDOVA
Basic Information 376
Basic Indicators 381
Moldovan Population and Labor,
19911996 381
Moldovan Index of Socio-Economic
Indicators, 19911996 381
Chronology, 1997 382
State and Politics 393
Moldovan State and Government
Officials, Jan 1998 393
Major Moldovan Political Parties
and Organizations, 1997 393
Forthcoming Moldovan Parlia-
mentary Elections, Mar 1998 394
Military, Security, and Crime 396
Moldovan Military, 1997 396
Moldovan Crime, 19911996 396
Health and Welfare 397
Republic of Moldova Health
Indicators 397
Moldovan Health, 19911996 398
Moldovan Monetary Incomes and
Expenditures of the Population,
19911996 398
Moldovan Per Capita Food Con-
sumption, 19921995 399
Moldovan Education, 19911996 399
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 399
Moldovan Economic Indicators,
19911996 399
Moldovan Gross Domestic Product,
19931996 400
Moldovan Labor Force by Sector,
19921994, 1996 400
Moldovan 1997 Finances 400
Moldovan 1997 Privatization Results 401
Moldovan Industry, 19911996 403
Moldovan Industrial Production by
Sector, 19931996 403
Moldovan Trade and Services,
19911996 404
Moldovan Transport, 19911996 404
Moldovan Transportation Indicators,
19921995 404
Moldovan Capital Construction,
19911996 404
Moldovan Agriculture, 19911996 405
Moldovan Agricultural Production
by Commodity, 19931996 405
Energy and Environment 405
Moldovan Energy Production,
19941996 405
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 405
Moldovan International Financial
Statistics, 19961997 405
Moldovan Foreign Trade, 19911996 408
Moldovan Foreign Trade, 19931996 408
XIII TAJIKISTAN
Basic Information 409
Basic Indicators 414
Tajik Population and Labor,
19911996 414
Tajik Index of Socio-Economic
Indicators, 19911996 414
Chronology, 1997 415
State and Politics 421
Tajik State and Government
Officials, Jan 1998 421
Major Tajik Political Parties and
Organizations, 1997 422
Military, Security, and Crime 423
Tajik Military, 1997 423
Tajik Crime, 19911996 423
Health and Welfare 424
Tajikistan Health Indicators 424
Tajik Health, 19911996 425
Tajik Monetary Incomes and
Expenditures of the Population,
19911996 425
Tajik Per Capita Consumption of
Selected Foods, 1990,
19921993, 1995 425
Tajik Education, 19911996 426
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 426
Tajik Economic Indicators,
19911996 426
Tajik Gross Domestic Product,
19931996 426
Tajik Industry, 19911996 427
Tajik Industrial Production by
Product, 19921995 427
Tajik Trade and Services,
19911996 427
Tajik Transport, 19911996 427
Tajik Transportation Indicators,
19931996 428
Tajik Capital Construction,
19911996 428
Tajik Agriculture, 19911996 428
Tajik Agricultural Production by
Commodity, 19931996 428
Energy and Environment 429
Tajik Energy Production, 19931996 429
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 429
Tajik Foreign Trade, 19911996 429
Tajik Foreign Trade, 19941996 429
XIV TURKMENISTAN
Basic Information 430
Basic Indicators 435
Turkmen Population by Region,
Size, and Gender 435
Turkmen Population and Labor,
19911996 436
Turkmen Population by Age and
Gender, 1995 436
Turkmen Population by Ethnic Group 437
Turkmen Index of Socio-Economic
Indicators, 19911996 437
Chronology, 1997 438
State and Politics 441
Turkmen State and Government
Officials, Jan 1998 441
Major Turkmen Political Parties and
Organizations, 1997 443
Military, Security, and Crime 443
Turkmen Military, 1997 443
Turkmen Crime, 19911996 443
Health and Welfare 443
Turkmenistan Health Indicators 443
Turkmen Health, 19911996 445
Turkmen Per Capita Consumption
of Selected Foods, 19921995 445
Turkmen Education, 19911996 445
Turkmen Monetary Incomes and
Expenditures of the Population,
19911996 446
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 446
The Turkmen Economy in 1997 446
Turkmen Economic Indicators,
19911996 448
Turkmen Gross Domestic Product,
19931996 449
Turkmen Industry, 19911996 449
Turkmen Industrial Production by
Product, 19931996 449
Turkmen Labor Force by Sector, 1996 450
Turkmen Trade and Services,
19911996 450
Turkmen Transport, 19911996 450
Turkmen Transportation Indicators,
19931996 450
Turkmen Capital Construction,
19911996 450
Turkmen Agriculture, 19911996 451
Turkmen Agricultural Production by
Commodity, 19931996 451
Energy and Environment 451
Turkmen Energy Production,
19931996 451
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 452
Turkmen Foreign Trade, 19911996 452
Turkmen Foreign Trade, 19941996 452
XV UKRAINE
Basic Information 452
Basic Indicators 458
Ukrainian Population and Labor Force,
19911996 458
Ukrainian Index of Socio-Economic
Indicators, 19911996 458
Chronology, 1997 459
State and Politics 471
Ukrainian State and Government
Officials, Jan 1998 471
Major Ukrainian Political Parties
and Organizations, 1997 472
Military, Security, and Crime 473
Ukrainian Military, 1997 473
Ukrainian Crime, 19911996 473
Health and Welfare 474
Ukraine Health Indicators 474
Ukrainian Health, 19911996 475
Ukrainian Per Capita Food Con-
sumption, 19911995 475
Ukrainian Education, 19911996 475
Ukrainian Monetary Incomes and
Expenditures of the Population,
19911996 476
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 477
Ukrainian Economic Indicators,
19911996 477
Ukrainian Gross Domestic Product,
19931996 477
Ukrainian Labor Force by Sector,
1996 477
Ukrainian Industry, 19911996 477
Ukrainian Industrial Production
Growth by Sector, 19931996 478
Ukrainian Trade and Services,
19911996 478
Ukrainian Transport, 19911996 478
Ukrainian Transportation,
19931996 478
Ukrainian Capital Construction,
19911996 478
Ukrainian Agriculture, 19911996 479
Ukrainian Agricultural Production by
Selected Commodity, 19931996 479
Energy and Environment 480
Ukrainian Energy Production,
19941996 480
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 480
Ukrainian International Financial
Statistics, 19961997 480
Ukrainian Foreign Trade, 19911996 482
Ukrainian Foreign Trade, 19941996 483
XVI UZBEKISTAN 483
Basic Information 483
Basic Indicators 487
Uzbek Population and Labor,
19911996 487
Uzbek Population by Ethnicity, 1995 488
Uzbek Index of Socio-Economic
Indicators 488
Chronology, 1997 489
State and Politics 493
Uzbek State and Government
Officials, Jan 1998 493
Major Uzbek Political Parties and
Organizations, 1997 494
Military, Security, and Crime 494
Uzbek Military, 1997 494
Uzbek Crime, 19911996 495
Health and Welfare 495
Uzbekistan Health Indicators 495
Uzbek Health, 19911996 496
Uzbek Education, 19911996 496
Uzbek Per Capita Food Con-
sumption, 1990, 19921993,
1995 497
Uzbek Monetary Incomes and
Expenditures of the Population,
19911996 497
Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 498
Uzbek Economic Indicators,
19911996 498
Uzbek Gross Domestic Product,
19931996 498
Uzbek Labor Force by Sector, 1996 498
Uzbek Industry, 19911996 498
Uzbek Industrial Production by
Sector, 19931996 499
State and Non-State Production,
19951996 499
Industry, Consumer Goods, and
Trade by Region, 1996 499
Uzbek Trade and Services,
19911996 500
Uzbek Transport, 19911996 500
Uzbek Transportation Indicators,
19931996 500
Uzbek Capital Construction,
19911996 500
Uzbek Agriculture, 19911996 501
Uzbek Agricultural Production by
Commodity, 19931996 501
Energy and Environment 502
Uzbek Energy Production,
19931996 502
Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 502
Uzbek Foreign Trade, 19911996 502
Uzbek Foreign Trade, 19941996 502


Click here to send us e-mail with your comments.

© 2000 Academic International Press