Academic International Press


Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual (REFFA)

Volume 24 (the Year 1997)

Edited by Lawrence Robertson

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REFFA Volume 24 Contents

ABBREVIATED TERMS xiii

ABBREVIATED SOURCES xv

PREFACE xviii

I COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES

  1. Basic Information 1
  2. Map 5
  3. Commonwealth of Independent
  4. States 5
  5. Basic Indicators 6
  6. CIS Economic Statistics by Member State, Oct 1997 6
  7. The Newly Independent States as
  8. Components of the Soviet Union, 19881990 8
  9. Chronology, 1997 8
  10. Health and Welfare 11
  11. Aviation Crashes and Fatalities in the USSR and FSU, 1986-1997 11
  12. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 12
  13. End-Year Official Exchange Rates, 30 Dec 1997 12
  14. New Currencies in the FSU, 1992-1996 12
  15. Agricultural Share of GDP, 1991-1995 13
  16. Energy and Environment 15
  17. Nuclear Power in the Post-Soviet States, 1990-1996 15
  18. Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Russia and Ukraine, 1992-1994 16
  19. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 16
  20. CIS Foreign Trade, Jan-Nov 1997 16
  21. CIS Visible Imports and Exports in Jan-Nov 1996 and 1997 17
  22. Jan-Nov 1997 Visible Trade Shares 18
  23. International Aid to the Former Soviet Republics, 1991-1996 19

II RUSSIA

  1. Basic Information 20
  2. Map 37
  3. The Russian Federation 37
  4. Basic Indicators 38
  5. Russian Population and Labor, 1991-1996 38
  6. Russian Index of Socio-Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 39
  7. The Ethnic Composition of Russia, 1994 40
  8. Chronology, 1997 46
  9. State and Politics 82
  10. Russian State and Government Officials, Jan 1998 82
  11. Major Russian Political Parties and Organizations, 1997 83
  12. Organization of the Russian Federation Government, Jan 1998 84
  13. Military, Security, and Crime 88
  14. Russian Military, 1997 88
  15. Russian Defense Budget, 1998 89
  16. Russian Crime, 1991-1996 91
  17. Health and Welfare 91
  18. Russian Federation Health Indicators 91
  19. Russian Health, 1991-1996 92
  20. Real Living Standards in Russia, 1997 92
  21. Russian Living Standards, 1997 94
  22. Russian Unemployment and Strikes, 1996-1997 106
  23. Russian Per Capita Consumption of Selected Foods, 1992-1995 106
  24. Russian Consumer Durables Held by Households, 1992-1995 107
  25. Russian Education, 1991-1996 107
  26. Russian Monetary Incomes and Expenditures of the Population, 1991-1996 107
  27. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 108
  28. Russian Economic Production, 1997 108
  29. Russian Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 109
  30. Russian Gross Domestic Product, 1993-1996 109
  31. Russian Labor Force by Sector, 1994-1995 110
  32. Russian Industrial Output, 1997 110
  33. Russian Industry, 1991-1996 118
  34. Russian Industrial Production Growth by Sector, 1993-1996 118
  35. Russian Capital Construction, 1991-1996 118
  36. Russian Trade and Services, 1991-1996 118
  37. Russian Investment, 1997 119
  38. Private Enterprise in Russia, Oct 1997 121
  39. Russian Money Supply, Credit, and Savings, 1997 124
  40. Russian Price Changes by Sector, 1997 128
  41. Consumer Goods Prices by Product, 1997 129
  42. Russian Regional Producer Price Index, Dec 1996 131
  43. Russian Transportation Volume, 1997 133
  44. Russian Transport, 1991-1996 135
  45. Russian Transportation Indicators, 1993-1996 135
  46. Russian Agricultural Production, 1997 135
  47. Russian Agriculture, 1991-1996 138
  48. Russian Agricultural Production by Commodity, 1993-1996 138
  49. Energy and Environment 139
  50. Russian Fuel Reserves, 1997 139
  51. Russian Energy Production, 1994-1996 139
  52. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 139
  53. Russian Foreign Trade, Jan-Nov 1997 139
  54. Russian International Financial Statistics, 1996-1997 140
  55. Russian Foreign Trade, 1991-1996 143
  56. Russian Foreign Trade, 1994-1996 143
  57. International Aid to Russia, 1990-1996 144
  58. US Aid to Russia, 1990-1996 144
  59. Regional Statistics 145
  60. Russian Regional Socio-Economic Statistics, 1996-1997 145
  61. Industrial Production, 1997 163
  62. Private Enterprise in the Regions, Sep 1997 179

III ARMENIA

  1. Basic Information 182
  2. Chronology, 1997 189
  3. State and Politics 197
  4. Armenian State and Government Officials, Jan 1998 197
  5. Major Armenian Political Parties and Organizations, 1997 198
  6. Military, Security, and Crime 199
  7. Armenian Military, 1997 199
  8. Armenian Crime, 1997 199
  9. Health and Welfare 200
  10. Armenian Health Indicators 200
  11. Armenian Labor Force by Sector, 1996 201
  12. Armenian Food Consumption, 1990, 1992-1994 201
  13. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 201
  14. Armenian Gross Domestic Product, 1993-1996 201
  15. Armenian Industrial Production by Sector, 1993-1996 201
  16. Armenian Agricultural Production, 1993-1996 202
  17. Armenian Transportation, 1993-1996 202
  18. Energy and Environment 202
  19. Armenian Energy Production, 1992-1994, 1996 202
  20. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 202
  21. Armenian International Financial Statistics, 1996-1997 202
  22. Armenian Foreign Trade, 1994-1996 205

IV AZERBAIJAN

  1. Basic Information 205
  2. Chronology, 1997 211
  3. State and Politics 217
  4. Azeri State and Government Officials, Jan 1998 217
  5. Major Azeri Political Parties and Organizations, 1997 218
  6. Military, Security, and Crime 218
  7. Azeri Military, 1997 218
  8. Health and Welfare 219
  9. Azerbaijan Health Indicators 219
  10. Azeri Labor Force by Sector, 1996 219
  11. Azeri Per Capita Consumption of Selected Foods, 1992-1995 220
  12. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 220
  13. Azeri National Income Produced, 1993-1996 220
  14. Azeri Industrial Production by Selected Product, 1993-1996 220
  15. Azeri Agricultural Production by Selected Commodity, 1993-1996 220
  16. Azeri Transportation Indicators, 1993-1996 221
  17. Energy and Environment 221
  18. Azeri Energy Production, 1991, 1995-1996 221
  19. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 221
  20. Azeri International Financial Statistics, 1996-1997 221
  21. Azeri Foreign Trade, 1994-1996 222

V BELARUS

  1. Basic Information 223
  2. Basic Indicators 226
  3. The Demographic Situation in Belarus 226
  4. Belarusian Population and Labor, 1991-1996 228
  5. Belarusian Index of Socio-Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 229
  6. Chronology, 1997 230
  7. State and Politics 238
  8. Belarusian State and Government Officials, Jan 1998 238
  9. Major Belarusian Political Parties and Organizations, 1997 239
  10. Military, Security, and Crime 239
  11. Belarus Military, 1997 239
  12. Belarusian Crime, 1991-1996 239
  13. Health and Welfare 240
  14. Belarus Health Indicators 240
  15. Belarusian Health, 1991-1996 241
  16. Belarusian Per Capita Food Consumption, 1992-1995 241
  17. Belarusian Education, 1991-1996 241
  18. Belarusian Monetary Incomes and Expenditures of the Population, 1991-1996 242
  19. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 243
  20. The Belarusian Economy in 1997 243
  21. Belarusian Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 244
  22. Belarusian Gross Domestic Product, 1993-1996 244
  23. Belarusian Labor Force by Sector, 1996 244
  24. Belarusian Industry, 1991-1996 245
  25. Belarusian Industrial Production Growth by Sector, 1993-1996 245
  26. Belarusian Trade and Services, 1991-1996 245
  27. Belarusian Transport, 1991-1996 246
  28. Belarusian Transportation Indicators, 1992-1995 246
  29. Belarusian Capital Construction, 1991-1996 246
  30. Belarusian Agriculture, 1991-1996 246
  31. Belarusian Agricultural Production by Commodity, 1993-1996 247
  32. Energy and Environment 247
  33. Belarusian Energy Production, 1993-1996 247
  34. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 247
  35. Belarusian International Financial Statistics, 1996-1997 247
  36. Belarusian Foreign Trade, 1991-1996 249
  37. Belarusian Foreign Trade, 1994-1996 249

VI ESTONIA

  1. Basic Information 250
  2. Chronology, 1997 253
  3. State and Politics 259
  4. Estonian State and Government Officials, Jan 1998 259
  5. Major Estonian Political Parties and Organizations, 1997 260
  6. Military, Security, and Crime 260
  7. Estonian Military, 1997 260
  8. Health and Welfare 261
  9. Estonia Health Indicators 261
  10. Estonian Income and Consumption, 1996 262
  11. Estonian Labor Force by Sector, 1994 262
  12. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 263
  13. Estonian Gross Domestic Product, 1993-1996 263
  14. Estonian Transportation, 1990, 1995-1996 263
  15. Estonian Agricultural Production, by Commodity, 1990-1993 264
  16. Energy and Environment 264
  17. Estonian Energy Production and Use, 1990, 1995-1996 264
  18. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 265
  19. Estonian International Financial Statistics, 1996-1997 265
  20. Estonian Foreign Trade, 1994-1996 267

VII GEORGIA

  1. Basic Information 268
  2. Basic Indicators 273
  3. Georgian Population and Labor, 1991-1996 273
  4. Georgian Index of Socio-Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 273
  5. Chronology, 1997 274
  6. State and Politics 280
  7. Georgian State and Government Officials, Jan 1998 280
  8. Major Georgian Political Parties and Organizations, 1997 280
  9. Military, Security, and Crime 281
  10. Georgian Military, 1997 281
  11. Georgian Crime, 1991-1996 281
  12. Health and Welfare 282
  13. Georgia Health Indicators 282
  14. Georgian Health, 1991-1996 282
  15. Georgian Per Capita Food Consumption, 19901991, 1995 283
  16. Georgian Education, 1991-1996 283
  17. Georgian Monetary Incomes and Expenditures of the Population, 1991-1996 283
  18. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 284
  19. The Georgian Economy in 1997 284
  20. Georgian Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 285
  21. Georgian Gross Domestic Product, 1993-1996 285
  22. Georgian Industry, 1991-1996 286
  23. Georgian Industrial Production by Sector, 1993-1996 286
  24. Georgian Trade and Services, 1991-1996 286
  25. Georgian Transport, 1991-1996 286
  26. Georgian Transportation Indicators, 1994-1996 287
  27. Georgian Capital Construction, 1991-1996 287
  28. Georgian Agriculture, 1991-1996 287
  29. Georgian Agricultural Production, by Commodity, 1993-1996 287
  30. Energy and Environment 288
  31. Georgian Energy Production, 1994-1996 288
  32. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 288
  33. Georgian Foreign Trade, 1991-1996 288
  34. Georgian Foreign Trade, 1994-1996 288

VIII KAZAKSTAN

  1. Basic Information 289
  2. Basic Indicators 295
  3. Kazak Population and Labor, 1991-1996 295
  4. Kazak Index of Socio-Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 296
  5. Chronology, 1997 296
  6. State and Politics 302
  7. Kazak State and Government Officials, Jan 1998 302
  8. Major Kazak Political Parties and Organizations, 1997 303
  9. Military, Security, and Crime 304
  10. Kazak Military, 1997 304
  11. Kazak Crime, 1991-1996 304
  12. Health and Welfare 305
  13. Kazakstan Health Indicators 305
  14. Kazak Health 306
  15. Kazak Per Capita Food Consumption, 1990, 1993, 1995 306
  16. Kazak Education, 1991-1996 306
  17. Kazak Monetary Incomes and Expenditures of the Population, 1991-1996 306
  18. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 307
  19. Kazak Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 307
  20. Kazak Gross Domestic Product, 1993-1996 308
  21. Kazak Labor Force by Sector, 1995-1996 308
  22. Kazak Industry, 1991-1996 308
  23. Kazak Industrial Production by Product, 1993-1996 309
  24. Kazak Trade and Services, 1991-1996 309
  25. Kazak Transport, 1991-1996 309
  26. Kazak Transportation Indicators, 19921996 309
  27. Kazak Capital Construction, 1991-1996 309
  28. Kazak Agriculture, 1991-1996 310
  29. Kazak Agricultural Production by Commodity, 1993-1996 310
  30. Kazak Agricultural Privatization, 1991, 1997 311
  31. Energy and Environment 312
  32. Kazak Energy Production, 1993-1996 312
  33. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 312
  34. Kazak International Financial Statistics, 1996-1997 312
  35. Kazak Foreign Trade, 1991-1996 314
  36. Kazak Foreign Trade, 1994-1996 314

IX KYRGYZSTAN

  1. Basic Information 315
  2. Basic Indicators 318
  3. Kyrgyz Population and Labor, 1991-1996 318
  4. Kyrgyz Index of Socio-Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 319
  5. Chronology, 1997 320
  6. State and Politics 324
  7. Kyrgyz State and Government Officials, Jan 1998 324
  8. Major Kyrgyz Political Parties and Organizations, 1997 324
  9. Military, Security, and Crime 325
  10. Kyrgyz Military, 1997 325
  11. Kyrgyz Crime, 1991-1996 325
  12. Health and Welfare 326
  13. Kyrgyzstan Health Indicators 326
  14. Kyrgyz Health, 1991-1996 327
  15. Kyrgyz Per Capita Food Consumption, 1992-1995 327
  16. Kyrgyz Education, 1991-1996 327
  17. Kyrgyz Monetary Incomes and Expenditures of the Population, 1991-1996 327
  18. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 328
  19. Kyrgyz Index of Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 328
  20. Kyrgyz Gross Domestic Product, 1993-1996 329
  21. Kyrgyz Labor Force by Sector, 1996 329
  22. Kyrgyz Industry, 1991-1996 329
  23. Kyrgyz Industrial Production by Product, 1993-1996 329
  24. Kyrgyz Trade and Services, 1991-1996 330
  25. Kyrgyz Transport, 1991-1996 330
  26. Kyrgyz Transportation Indicators, 1993-1996 330
  27. Kyrgyz Capital Construction, 1991-1996 330
  28. Kyrgyz Agriculture, 1991-1996 331
  29. Kyrgyz Agricultural Production by Commodity, 1993-1996 331
  30. Energy and Environment 331
  31. Kyrgyz Energy Production, 1993-1996 331
  32. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 331
  33. Kyrgyz Foreign Trade, 1991-1996 331
  34. Kyrgyz Foreign Trade, 1994-1996 332

X LATVIA

  1. Basic Information 332
  2. Basic Indicators 336
  3. Latvian Population, 19931997 336
  4. Natural Increase in Population, 1993-1997 337
  5. Latvian Socio-Economic Situation, Sep 1997 337
  6. Chronology, 1997 338
  7. State and Politics 345
  8. Latvian State and Government Officials, Jan 1998 345
  9. Major Latvian Political Parties and Organizations, 1997 345
  10. The Latvian Parliament Elected in 1995 346
  11. Military, Security, and Crime 348
  12. Latvian Military, 1997 348
  13. Health and Welfare 348
  14. Latvia Health Indicators 348
  15. Average Monthly Wages and Salaries in the Public Sector, 1996 349
  16. Latvian Real Wages, 1990-1996 350
  17. Latvian Consumer Durables, 1996 350
  18. Latvian Education, 1995-1996 350
  19. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 351
  20. Gross Domestic Product, 19951-997 351
  21. Gross Domestic Product, 1996-1997 351
  22. Gross Domestic Product, 1995-1997 351
  23. Gross Domestic product, 1996-1997 351
  24. Latvian Consumer Price Index, 1996 352
  25. Latvian Industrial Production, 1993-1997 352
  26. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 352
  27. Latvian International Financial Statistics, 1996-1997 352
  28. Latvian Foreign Investment, 1995-1997 355
  29. Latvian Foreign Trade, 1996-1997 355

XI LITHUANIA

  1. Basic Information 356
  2. Basic Indicators 359
  3. Lithuanian Socio-Economic Statistics, 1997 359
  4. Chronology, 1997 363
  5. State and Politics 369
  6. Lithuanian State and Government Officials, Jan 1998 369
  7. Major Lithuanian Political Parties and Organizations, 1997 369
  8. Lithuanian Presidential Election First Round Results, Dec 1997 370
  9. Lithuanian Presidential Election Second Round Results, Jan 1998 370
  10. Military, Security, and Crime 371
  11. Lithuanian Military, 1997 371
  12. Health and Welfare 371
  13. Lithuanian Health Indicators 371
  14. Real Incomes in Lithuania, 1994 372
  15. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 372
  16. Lithuanian Gross Domestic Product, 1994-1996 372
  17. Lithuanian Industrial Production by Sector, 1994-1996 373
  18. Lithuanian Labor Force by Sector, 1996 373
  19. Lithuanian Agricultural and Livestock Production, 1994-1996 373
  20. Energy and Environment 373
  21. Lithuanian Electricity Output, 1994-1996 373
  22. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 374
  23. Lithuanian International Financial Statistics, 1996-1997 374
  24. Lithuanian Foreign Trade, 1994-1996 376

XII MOLDOVA

  1. Basic Information 376
  2. Basic Indicators 381
  3. Moldovan Population and Labor, 1991-1996 381
  4. Moldovan Index of Socio-Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 381
  5. Chronology, 1997 382
  6. State and Politics 393
  7. Moldovan State and Government Officials, Jan 1998 393
  8. Major Moldovan Political Parties and Organizations, 1997 393
  9. Forthcoming Moldovan Parliamentary Elections, Mar 1998 394
  10. Military, Security, and Crime 396
  11. Moldovan Military, 1997 396
  12. Moldovan Crime, 1991-1996 396
  13. Health and Welfare 397
  14. Republic of Moldova Health Indicators 397
  15. Moldovan Health, 1991-1996 398
  16. Moldovan Monetary Incomes and Expenditures of the Population, 1991-1996 398
  17. Moldovan Per Capita Food Consumption, 19921995 399
  18. Moldovan Education, 1991-1996 399
  19. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 399
  20. Moldovan Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 399
  21. Moldovan Gross Domestic Product, 1993-1996 400
  22. Moldovan Labor Force by Sector, 19921994, 1996 400
  23. Moldovan 1997 Finances 400
  24. Moldovan 1997 Privatization Results 401
  25. Moldovan Industry, 1991-1996 403
  26. Moldovan Industrial Production by Sector, 1993-1996 403
  27. Moldovan Trade and Services, 1991-1996 404
  28. Moldovan Transport, 1991-1996 404
  29. Moldovan Transportation Indicators, 1992-1995 404
  30. Moldovan Capital Construction, 1991-1996 404
  31. Moldovan Agriculture, 1991-1996 405
  32. Moldovan Agricultural Production by Commodity, 1993-1996 405
  33. Energy and Environment 405
  34. Moldovan Energy Production, 1994-1996 405
  35. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 405
  36. Moldovan International Financial Statistics, 1996-1997 405
  37. Moldovan Foreign Trade, 1991-1996 408
  38. Moldovan Foreign Trade, 1993-1996 408

XIII TAJIKISTAN

  1. Basic Information 409
  2. Basic Indicators 414
  3. Tajik Population and Labor, 1991-1996 414
  4. Tajik Index of Socio-Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 414
  5. Chronology, 1997 415
  6. State and Politics 421
  7. Tajik State and Government Officials, Jan 1998 421
  8. Major Tajik Political Parties and Organizations, 1997 422
  9. Military, Security, and Crime 423
  10. Tajik Military, 1997 423
  11. Tajik Crime, 1991-1996 423
  12. Health and Welfare 424
  13. Tajikistan Health Indicators 424
  14. Tajik Health, 1991-1996 425
  15. Tajik Monetary Incomes and Expenditures of the Population, 1991-1996 425
  16. Tajik Per Capita Consumption of Selected Foods, 1990, 1992-1993, 1995 425
  17. Tajik Education, 1991-1996 426
  18. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 426
  19. Tajik Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 426
  20. Tajik Gross Domestic Product, 1993-1996 426
  21. Tajik Industry, 1991-1996 427
  22. Tajik Industrial Production by Product, 19921995 427
  23. Tajik Trade and Services, 1991-1996 427
  24. Tajik Transport, 1991-1996 427
  25. Tajik Transportation Indicators, 1993-1996 428
  26. Tajik Capital Construction, 1991-1996 428
  27. Tajik Agriculture, 1991-1996 428
  28. Tajik Agricultural Production by Commodity, 1993-1996 428
  29. Energy and Environment 429
  30. Tajik Energy Production, 1993-1996 429
  31. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 429
  32. Tajik Foreign Trade, 1991-1996 429
  33. Tajik Foreign Trade, 1994-1996 429

XIV TURKMENISTAN

  1. Basic Information 430
  2. Basic Indicators 435
  3. Turkmen Population by Region, Size, and Gender 435
  4. Turkmen Population and Labor, 1991-1996 436
  5. Turkmen Population by Age and Gender, 1995 436
  6. Turkmen Population by Ethnic Group 437
  7. Turkmen Index of Socio-Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 437
  8. Chronology, 1997 438
  9. State and Politics 441
  10. Turkmen State and Government Officials, Jan 1998 441
  11. Major Turkmen Political Parties and Organizations, 1997 443
  12. Military, Security, and Crime 443
  13. Turkmen Military, 1997 443
  14. Turkmen Crime, 1991-1996 443
  15. Health and Welfare 443
  16. Turkmenistan Health Indicators 443
  17. Turkmen Health, 1991-1996 445
  18. Turkmen Per Capita Consumption of Selected Foods, 1992-1995 445
  19. Turkmen Education, 1991-1996 445
  20. Turkmen Monetary Incomes and Expenditures of the Population, 1991-1996 446
  21. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 446
  22. The Turkmen Economy in 1997 446
  23. Turkmen Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 448
  24. Turkmen Gross Domestic Product, 1993-1996 449
  25. Turkmen Industry, 1991-1996 449
  26. Turkmen Industrial Production by Product, 1993-1996 449
  27. Turkmen Labor Force by Sector, 1996 450
  28. Turkmen Trade and Services, 1991-1996 450
  29. Turkmen Transport, 1991-1996 450
  30. Turkmen Transportation Indicators, 1993-1996 450
  31. Turkmen Capital Construction, 1991-1996 450
  32. Turkmen Agriculture, 1991-1996 451
  33. Turkmen Agricultural Production by Commodity, 1993-1996 451
  34. Energy and Environment 451
  35. Turkmen Energy Production, 1993-1996 451
  36. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 452
  37. Turkmen Foreign Trade, 1991-1996 452
  38. Turkmen Foreign Trade, 1994-1996 452

XV UKRAINE

  1. Basic Information 452
  2. Basic Indicators 458
  3. Ukrainian Population and Labor Force, 1991-1996 458
  4. Ukrainian Index of Socio-Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 458
  5. Chronology, 1997 459
  6. State and Politics 471
  7. Ukrainian State and Government Officials, Jan 1998 471
  8. Major Ukrainian Political Parties and Organizations, 1997 472
  9. Military, Security, and Crime 473
  10. Ukrainian Military, 1997 473
  11. Ukrainian Crime, 1991-1996 473
  12. Health and Welfare 474
  13. Ukraine Health Indicators 474
  14. Ukrainian Health, 1991-1996 475
  15. Ukrainian Per Capita Food Consumption, 1991-1995 475
  16. Ukrainian Education, 1991-1996 475
  17. Ukrainian Monetary Incomes and Expenditures of the Population, 1991-1996 476
  18. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 477
  19. Ukrainian Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 477
  20. Ukrainian Gross Domestic Product, 1993-1996 477
  21. Ukrainian Labor Force by Sector, 1996 477
  22. Ukrainian Industry, 1991-1996 477
  23. Ukrainian Industrial Production Growth by Sector, 1993-1996 478
  24. Ukrainian Trade and Services, 1991-1996 478
  25. Ukrainian Transport, 1991-1996 478
  26. Ukrainian Transportation, 1993-1996 478
  27. Ukrainian Capital Construction, 1991-1996 478
  28. Ukrainian Agriculture, 1991-1996 479
  29. Ukrainian Agricultural Production by Selected Commodity, 1993-1996 479
  30. Energy and Environment 480
  31. Ukrainian Energy Production, 1994-1996 480
  32. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 480
  33. Ukrainian International Financial Statistics, 1996-1997 480
  34. Ukrainian Foreign Trade, 1991-1996 482
  35. Ukrainian Foreign Trade, 1994-1996 483

XVI UZBEKISTAN 483

  1. Basic Information 483
  2. Basic Indicators 487
  3. Uzbek Population and Labor, 1991-1996 487
  4. Uzbek Population by Ethnicity, 1995 488
  5. Uzbek Index of Socio-Economic Indicators 488
  6. Chronology, 1997 489
  7. State and Politics 493
  8. Uzbek State and Government Officials, Jan 1998 493
  9. Major Uzbek Political Parties and Organizations, 1997 494
  10. Military, Security, and Crime 494
  11. Uzbek Military, 1997 494
  12. Uzbek Crime, 1991-1996 495
  13. Health and Welfare 495
  14. Uzbekistan Health Indicators 495
  15. Uzbek Health, 1991-1996 496
  16. Uzbek Education, 1991-1996 496
  17. Uzbek Per Capita Food Consumption, 1990, 1992-1993, 1995 497
  18. Uzbek Monetary Incomes and Expenditures of the Population, 1991-1996 497
  19. Economy, Industry, and Agriculture 498
  20. Uzbek Economic Indicators, 1991-1996 498
  21. Uzbek Gross Domestic Product, 1993-1996 498
  22. Uzbek Labor Force by Sector, 1996 498
  23. Uzbek Industry, 1991-1996 498
  24. Uzbek Industrial Production by Sector, 1993-1996 499
  25. State and Non-State Production, 1995-1996 499
  26. Industry, Consumer Goods, and Trade by Region, 1996 499
  27. Uzbek Trade and Services, 1991-1996 500
  28. Uzbek Transport, 1991-1996 500
  29. Uzbek Transportation Indicators, 1993-1996 500
  30. Uzbek Capital Construction, 1991-1996 500
  31. Uzbek Agriculture, 1991-1996 501
  32. Uzbek Agricultural Production by Commodity, 1993-1996 501
  33. Energy and Environment 502
  34. Uzbek Energy Production, 1993-1996 502
  35. Foreign Trade, Investment, and Aid 502
  36. Uzbek Foreign Trade, 1991-1996 502
  37. Uzbek Foreign Trade, 1994-1996 502

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