Academic International Press


CONSISTENCY LIST FOR

HISTORY OF RUSSIA FROM EARLIEST TIMES

By Sergei M. Soloviev

INSTITUTIONS, CHANCELLERIES

Consistency Lists

CHURCHES

GEOGRAPHICAL

INSTITUTIONS AND CHANCELLERIES

PERSONAL NAMES (A-H)

PERSONAL NAMES (I-P)

PERSONAL NAMES (R-Z)

RANKS

TABLE OF RANKS

TERMS

WEIGHTS, NUMBERS, & MEASURES

 

Back to S.M. Soloviev, "History of Russia From Earliest Times" (Soloviev)

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Location, Volume, Time Period

Academy of Sciences -Akademiia Nauk 24 18c

Academy of Sciences; the Academy; the Kievan Academy 48 1772-74

Accounts Office - kazennaia palatka 37 1741-44

administrative district - polovina, volost' 12 16c

administrative subdivision - stan 13 1584-98

admiralteiskaia kollegiia - Admiralty College 38 1745-48

admiralteistvo - (College of) Admiralty 37 1741-44

Admiralty, College of. Use Admiralty (College) 29 18c

advance detachment - peredovoi otriad 15 1606-13

advanced detachment - ertaul (ertoul) 21 17c

Akademii Nauk - Academy of Sciences 24

aktsiznaia kamera - Excise Office 45 1766-68

almshouse - bogadel'nia 18 16-17c

Ambassadors' courtyard - posol'skii dvor 26 1690

Angliisko-Russkaia kompaniia - Anglo-Russian Company 13 1584-98

Anglo-Russian Company - Angliisko-Russkaia kompaniia 13 1584-98

apostolic see - stolitsa apostol'skaia 14 18c

appanage, appanage principality - udel, udel'noe kniazhestvo 15 1606-13

apteka - pharmacy 25 1680s

arenda (vinnyi otkup) - liquor franchise 25 1680s

arenda - liquor franchise 26 1690s

Arian school of Hoszcza 14 1598-1606

arkiereiskii dom - diocesan chancellery 37 1741-44

armada - korabel'noe sobranie 16 1613-34

armory - tseigauz 35 1730s

army - voisko 14 1598-1606

Arrears Chancellery - doimochnii prikaz 35 1730s

Arsenal - pushechnyi dvor 25 1680s

artillery - nariad 10 16c

Artisan and Armory Office - masterskaia i oruzheinaia kontora 48 1772-74

Artisan guild - tsekh (W. Russ.) 45 1766-68

Assembly (Pol. and W. Russ.) - kolo 45 1766-68

"Assembly of Church and Land" - Tserkovno-zemskii sobor 45 1766-68

Assembly of ministers and generals constituted at court - uchrezhdennoe pri dvore ministerskoe i generalitetskoe sobranie 37 1741-44

assembled knightood - rytsarskoe kolo 13 1584-98

Assembly of the Land - zemsky sobor 16 1613-34

Assignat Bank - assignatsionnyi bank 48 1772-74

assignatsionnyi bank - Assignat Bank 48 1772-74

Audits (Revisions), College of 29 18c

auxiliary detachment - vospomogatel'nyi otriad 20 17c

bakery - khlebnia 21 17c

bank dlia dvorianstva - Gentry Bank 48 1772-74

bank gosudarstvennykh assignatsii - Bank of State Assignats 48 1772-74

Bank of State Assignats - bank gosudarstvennykh 48 1772-74

barracks of Zaporozhian Cossack company - kuren 45 1766-68

berg-direktorium - Mining Directorate 45 1766-68

berg-kollegiia - College of Mines 48 1772-74

berg-kontora - Bureau of Mines 38 1745-48

Berlin, University of 24 18c

bird-catching villages - perevesnye derevni 12 16c

bishop's council - konsistoriia. Use consistory 48 1772-74

bishopric - episkopstvo 46 1768-70

black assembly - chorna rada (among the Ukrainian cossacks) 45 1766-68

blizhniaia kantseliariia - Privy Chancellery 25 1680s

blizhniaia duma - privy council 45 1766-68

bodyguard - grid'ba 04 13-14c

bodyguard's quarters - gridnitsa 04 13-14c

bogadel'nia - almshouse 18 16-17c

bogodel'naia (izba) - shelter, hospice 45 1766-68

bogoiavlenskoe bratstvo - Epiphany Brotherhood (Kiev) 18 16-17c

boiarskaia duma - boyar council 24 18c

bol'shaia kazna - Treasury 26 1690s

bol'shaia orda - the Great Horde 45 1766-68

bol'shoi dvorets - the Great Court 12 16c

bol'shoi polk - great regiment 15 1606-10

bol'shoi polk - main regiment 26 1690s

bol'shoi prikhod - Chancellery of Crown Revenues 16 17c

bonded warehouse - pakgauz 37 1741-44

Bootlegging Bureau - korchemnaia kontora 38 1745-48

boyar council - boiarskaia duma 24 18c

boyar council - sinklit 21 17c

bratchina - confraternity 18 16-17c

bratstvo - confraternity, brethren, brotherhood 26 1690s

bratstvo l'vovskoe - Lvov Brotherhood 18 16-17c

bratstvo rogatinskoe - Rogatin Brotherhood 18 16-17c

bratstvo vilenskoe - Wilno Brotherhood 18 16-17c

brewery - sytennyi dvor 24 18c

Brotherhood School (Lvov) 15 1606-10

bureau - kontora 35 1730s

bureau - stol 21 17c

Bureau of Manufacturing 45 1766-68

Bureau of Mines - berg-kontora 38 1745-48

Bureau of State Accounts - shtats-kontora (kazennyi dom) 37 1741-44

Bureau of the Mint - monetnoe uchrezhdenie 38 1745-48

Bureau of the Senate 35 1730s

burmistrskaia palata - chamber of magistrates 26 1690s

bytown - prigorod, prigorodok 35 1730s

cabinet 34 18c

Cabinet of Her Imperial Majesty 35 1730s

Cabinet of Ministers - kabinet ministrov 45 1766-68

Cabinet of Ministers - kabinet eë imperatorskogo velichestva (Anna) 38 1745-48

cadet companies 34 18c

cargo warehouse - nasadnyi dvor 21 17c

carriagers' suburb - vyezdnaia sloboda 21 17c

castle - zámok 18 16-17c

cathedral chapter - sobornye startsy 15 1606-10

cavalry - konnitsa, rytsarstvo 15 1606-10

cavalry company - rota 20 17c

cavalry regiment - reitarskii polk 45 1766-68

chamber of deputies (Pol.) - deputatskaia kamera 37 1741-44

Chamber of Settlement of the Senate - raspravnaia palata 29 18c

chancelleries - prikazy 16 1613-34

chancellery - kantselariia 48 1772-74

chancellery - prikaz, kantseliariia, prikaznaia izba (context) 15 1606-10

Chancellery for Campaign Supply 41 1757-61

Chancellery for Criminal Affairs - prikaz razboinyi 14 1598-1606

Chancellery for Kazan - prikaz kazanskogo dvortsa 15 1606-10

Chancellery for Petitions - prikaz chelobitnyi 14 1598-1606

Chancellery for Polish Lords - panskii prikaz 16 1613-34

Chancellery for Slavery - kholop'ii prikaz 14 1598-1606

Chancellery of Arrears - doimochnii prikaz. Use Arrears Chancellery 35 1730s

Chancellery of Construction 48 1772-74

Chancellery of Court Infantry - prikaz nadvornoi pekhoty 25 1680s

Chancellery of Court Stables - koniushennyi prikaz 14 1598-1606

Chancellery of Crown Revenues - prikaz bol'shogo prikhoda 15 1606-10

Chancellery of Crown Service and Appointments - razriad 13 1584-98

Chancellery of Foreign Affairs - posol'skaia chetvert' 45 1766-68

Chancellery of Foreign Affairs - prikaz posol'skii 15 1606-10

Chancellery of Grenades - granatnyi dvor 23 17c

Chancellery of Imperial Stables 48 1772-74

Chancellery of Investigations - prikaz sysknykh del, prikaz sysknoi 15 1601-10

Chancellery of Justice - sudnii prikaz 25 1680s

Chancellery of Kalmyk Affairs - prikaz kalmyzhskikh del 23 17c

Chancellery of Military tenures - pomestnyi prikaz 26 1690s

Chancellery of State - shtatskantselariia 45

Chancellery of State Accounts - shtats-kontor 45

Chancellery of the Mint - monetnaia kantseliariia 38 1745-48

Chancellery of the New Quarter - novaia chet' 18 16-17c

Chancellery of the Tsar's Household - prikaz bol'shogo dvortsa 13 1584-98

Chancellery of Works - kantselliariia ot stroenii 45 1766-68

chapel - krestovaia 21 17c

chase, the tsar's - lovchii put' 14 1598-1606

chernye sotni - urban tax-paying communities 26 1690s

chernye volosti - tax-paying districts 16 1613-34

chernyi sobor - monastery council 21 17c

chet', chetvert' - taxation chancellery 13 1584-98

Chief Magistracy - glavnyi magistrat 37 1741-44

chiny - estates (of the realm) 13 1584-98

chiny - offices 16 17c

Chorna rada - black assembly (among the Ukrainian cossacks) 45 1766-68

chrezvechainyi sovet po vneshnim i vnutrennym delam - special council for domestic and foreign affairs 37 1741-44

chrezvrychainyi ili vysshii sud - extraordinary or superior court 35

church council - dukhovnyi sobor 13 1584-98

church supported by tsar - tsarskaia tserkov' 24 18c

chrezvechainoe sobranie - extraordinary session 13 1584-98

circle - soglasie 21 17c

circle, assembly of Don Cossacks - krug 45 1766-68

city commune - posadskaia obshchina 45 1766-68

city council - ratusha 35 1730s

Cloth Merchants' Hundred (guild) - sukonnaia sotnia 24 18c

College of Admiralty. Use Admiralty College 45 1766-68

College of Audits (Revizions) 45 1766-68

College of Church Landed Property - kollegiia ekonomii 35 1730s

College of Economy. Use College of Church Landed Properties 48 1772-74

College of Foreign Affairs - inostrannaia kollegiia 45 1766-68

College of Hereditary Estates - votchinnaia kollegiia 48 1772-74

College of Justice - iiustits-kollegiia 48 1772-74

College of Manufactures - manufaktur kollegiia 45 1766-68

College of Medicine 48 1772-74

College of Mines - berg-kollegiia 45 1766-68

College of Mines and Manufactures 45 1766-68

College of Religious Affairs (Synod) - dukhovnaia kollegiia 38 1745-48

College of Revenue. See Treasury College 48 1772-74

College of State Accounts - shtats-kontora kollegiia 45 1766-68

College of Treasury - kamer-kolegiia. Use Treasury College 45 1766-68

College of Ukraine - Malorossiiskaia kollegiia. Use Ukrainian College 45 1766-68

College of War. Use War College 45 1766-68

collegium (Jesuit) - kollegium 18 16-17c

"Collegium Nobilium" - Polish school 48 1772-74

Commerce, College of 35 1730s

Commercial School (Moscow) 48 1772-74

Commissariat - kommissariat 38 1745-48

Commissary of War 41 1757-61

Commission for Building St. Petersburg, Moscow and other Towns 48 1772-74

Commission on Church Lands 48 1772-74

Commission on Code of Laws 41 1757-61

Commission on Commerce 41 1757-61

Commission on Composition of a Draft of a New Law Code (Catherine II) - Komissiia o sochinenii proekta novogo Ulozheniia 45 1766-68

Commission on Education 48 1772-74

Commission on Free Homesteaders 41 1757-61

Commonwealth (Pol.) (Respublika) 14 1598-1606

commune (of Zaporozhian Cossacks) - kosh 45 1766-68

community - volost' 09 15c

Company of Persian Armenians - kompaniia persidskikh armian 23 17c

Company of Sovereign's Choristers - stanitsa gosudarevykh pevchikh 24 18c

Confederated Diet - "Knot of Confederation" 48 1772-74

conference (of princes) - s"ezd 02 12c

conference (peace) - s"ezd 13 1584-98

Confiscations, Chancellery of 35 1730s

confraternity - bratchina 18 16-17c

consecrated assembly - osviashchennyi sobor 13 1584-98

consistory - konsistoriia 48 1772-74

convocation sejm - konvokatsionnyi seim 26 1690s

Corps of Cadets - kadetskii korpus 45 1766-68

Council for Foreign Affairs - sovet inostrannykh del 37 1741-44

Council of Knights (Lith.) - kolo rytsarskoe 23 17c

Council of Lords (Lithuania) - pany rada 45

Council of nobles (Lith.) - rada 07 15c

Council of State (Denmark) - royal council 48 1772-74

Council of the Whole Land - Sovet Vsei Zemli 15 1606-10

Council of War - kolo (cossack) 15 1606-10

council of war - voennyi sovet 16 1613-34

Council, the - advisory body to Catherine II 48 1772-74

Courier service - iama 15 1606-10

courier service - yama 24

Court Bureau - dvortsovaia kontora 38 1745-48

court infantry - nadvornaia pekhota 25 1680s

court settlement - dvorovaia sloboda 17 1634-45

court villages - dvortsovye sela 16 1613-34

courts 34 18c

craft guilds - tsekhi 48 1772-74

criminal jurisdiction district - guba 45 1766-68

crown arsenal - kazennyi ambar 24 18c

crown secretaries' office - d'iach'ia izba 13 1584-98

crown storehouse, depot - kazennyi pogreb 45 1766-68

crown treasury - kazennyi dvor 45 1766-68

customs house - tamozhnaia, tamozhnia 24 18c

d'iach'ia izba - crown secretaries' office 13 1584-98

dairy - korov'ii dvor 24 18c

deanery - desiatina, protopopiia 12 16c

decanal church - sobornyi khram 12 16c

defense force, militia - opolchenie (troubles - militia force) 15 1606-10

dekasteriia - ecclesiastical court 37 1741-44

delegation - stanitsa 21 17c

den'gi desiatye - tenth money 26 1690s

den'gi piatye - fifth money 26 1690s

denezhnaia kazna - treasury 35 1730s

denezhnii dvor - Mint 25 1680s

denezhnye sbory - tax collections 16 1613-34

department - stol 21 17c

Department of Military Governors 41 1757-61

departments - puti 45 1766-68

deputatskaia kamera - Chamber of Deputies (Poland) 37 1741-44

desiatina - deanery, tithing didstrict 12 16c

detachment - otriad 02 12c

detachment of Tatar guards - karaul 04 13-14c

Diet (Sejm) - Polish Diet, Diet of Poland, etc. 45

Dietine - povetovyi seimik 12 16c

dietine - seimik 20 17c

diocesan chancellery - arkhiereiskii dom 37 1741-44

diocese - eparkhiia 48 1772-74

discrete guard post - nesmesnaia storozha 12 16c

distillery - sytennyi dvor 24 18c

district -uezd 38 1745-48

district of criminal jurisdiction - guba 45 1766-68

district office - zemskaia izba 15 1606-10

district(s) (West Russia) - poviet(y) 45 1766-68

districts - uezdy 16 1613-34

divan - Ottoman council of state 48 1772-74

division of cossacks - stanitsa 21 17c

Dnieper Lancer Regiment 45 1766-68

dobrynskii orden - Order of Dobrzyn; 04 13-14c

doimochnii prikaz - Arrears Chancellery 35 1730s

domovaia kazna - household treasury 21 17c

druzhina - retinue 24 18c

dukhovnaia kollegiia - College of Religious Affairs (Synod) 38 1745-48

dukhovnye vlasti - spiritual authorities 16 1613-34

dukhovnyi sobor - church council 13 1584-98

duma - council 14 1598-1606

duma - deliberative assembly 45 1766-68

dvor - court, servitors or retinue 45 1766-68

dvorianskaia konnitsa - noble cavalry 26 1690s

dvorovaia sloboda - court settlement 17 1634-45

dvortsovaia kontora - Court Bureau 38 1745-48

dvortsovye zemli - land belonging to grand prince 45 1766-68

dvortsovye sela - court villages 16 1613-34

dvortsovye slobody - palace free settlements 26 1690s

dvortsovye volosti - crown lands 26 1690s

dvortsovyi prikaz - Tsar's Household 13 1584-98

dvortsovyi sudnyi - palace chamber of justice 26 1690s

dym - household in Caucasus 07 15c

Ecclesiastical College 29 18c

ecclesiastical brotherhood court - tserkovnyi bratskii sud 18 16-17c

ecclesiastical court - dekasteriia 37 1741-44

ecclesiastical schools - spasskie shkoly 35 1730s

Economic Chancellery 41 1757-61

Economy College - kollegiia gosudarstvennoi ekonomii 38 1745-48

ecumenical church - sobornaia tserkov' 21 17c

ecumenical council - vselenskii sobor 16 1613-34

Educational Society for Well-Born Girls 48 1772-74

ekonomii kollegiia - College of Church Landed Properties 38 1745-48

ekonomicheskaia kollegiia - College of Economy 38 1745-48

ekonomicheskaia sloboda - settlement of economic peasants 48 1772-74

ekspeditsiia - expedition 38 1745-48

elders, high command (cossack) - starshina 20 17c

embassy - posol'stvo 14 1598-1606

encampment - stan, stanitsa 16 1613-34

English Company - known in England as Muscovy Company 23 17c

entailed estate - oprichnina 04 13-14c

eparkhia - eparchy, diocese 45 1766-68

Epiphany Brotherhood (Kiev) - bogoiavlenskoe bratstvo 18 16-17c

episkopstvo - bishopric 46 1768-70

ertaul (ertoul) - advanced detachment 21 17c

eskadra - squadron (naval) 37 1741-44

estates (of the realm) - chiny 13 1584-98

exchequer - kazna 18 16-17c

excise office - aktsiznaia kamera 45

executive commission - ispolnitel'naia kommissiia 48 1772-74

Executive Committee (for administering Moscow after the plague) - ispolnitel'nyi komitet 48 1772-74

extended family - zadruga 45 1766-68

extraordinary court 35 1730s

extraordinary session - chrezvechainoe sobranie 13 1584-98

Falconer's Office - sokol'nich'ii put' 14 1598-1606

field camp (cossack) - tabor 18 16-17c

Fifth Department - Piatyi Department - of Governing Senate 48 1772-74

"Fifth" (Novgorod) - piatina 24 18c

First Army 48 1772-74

First Department - Pervyi Department - of Governing Senate 48 1772-74

First Militia Force - pervoe opolchenie (Troubles) 15 1606-10

fish market - rybnyi riad 18 16-17c

fishing grounds - rybnaia lovlia 18 16-17c

Fishing Office - rybnaia kontora 37 1741-44

fixed outposts - stanitsy nepodvizhnye 13 1584-98

folvarok - farm (consolidated landholding, W. Russ.) 45 1766-68

foot guards - peshaia gvardiia 37 1741-44

Foreign Affairs, Chancellery of 35 1730s

Foreign Affairs, College of 29 18c

foreign guard - inozemnaia strazha 14 1598-1606

foreign infantry - pekhota nemetskaia 16 1613-34

fortified monastery (Polish) - tyniec 48 1772-74

foundling Home - vospitatel'nyi dom 48 1772-74

Free Economic Society - Vol'noe Ekonomicheskoe Obshchestvo 48 1772-74

fur tribute - iasak 14 1598-1606

gendarmerie - politsiia 38 1745-48

Gendarmes Chancellery - politseimeisterkaia kantselliariia 38 1745-48

General Assembly - General'noe Sobranie 37 1741-44

general conference - s"ezd vsem liudem 13 1584-98

General Mining Directorate - general-berg direktorium 35 1730s

general synod or council - srednii sobor 21 17c

general'noe sobranie - General Assembly 37 1741-44

General'nye Shtaty - States General (Dutch) 16 17c

General-berg-direktorium - General Mining Directorate 35 1730s

Generalnaia shchetnaia komissiia - General Accounts Commission 35

Generalnyi krigs-komissariat - General War Commissariat (1730s) 35

Gentry Bank - bank dlia dvorianstva 48 1772-74

getmanstvo - hetmanate 13 1584-98

glavnaia dvortsovaia kantsellariia - the Palace Chancellery 35 1730s

glavnaia kantseliariia nad tamozhenniami sborami - Main Chancellery for Customs Duties 48 1772-74

glavnaia politseimeisterskaia kantseliariia - Main Gendarmerie Chancellery 35

glavnaia politsiia - police headquarters 37 1741-44

glavnoe pravlenie zavodov - Main Administration of Factories 45 1766-68

glavnyi kommissariat - Head Commissariat 37 1741-44

glavnyi magistrat - Chief Magistracy 37 1741-44

gold, silver and armory chambers - volotaia, serebrianaia i oruzhenye palaty 24 18c

Golden Horde - Zolotaia Orda 24 18c

Golden Scriptorium - Zolotaia Podpisnaia Palata 16 1613-34

Golovnoi Sejm- High Diet (of Lithuania) 45 1766-68

gornaia ekspeditsiia - mining office 35 1730s

gorodnia - town hall 17 1634-45

gorodovye obshchiny - town corporations 48 1772-74

gospitali (pl. form only) - hospital 18 16-17c

gospoda - council of notables (in Novgorod) 45 1766-68

gostinnaia sotnia - Merchants' Hundred 14 1598-1606

gostinnye sotni - guild of senior merchants 26 1690s

gosudarstvennyi sovet - State Council (Swed.) 26 1690s

Gosudarstvo - state, realm, domain 45 1766-68

Governing Senate - pravitel'stvuiushchii senat 48 1772-74

government - guberniia 37 1741-44

government chancellery (i.e. of guberniia) - gubernskaia kantseliariia 38 1745-48

governorship - voevodstvo 14 1598-1606

granary - zhitnyi dvor 24 18c

granatnyi dvor - Chancellery of Grenades 23 17c

Grand Embassy (Peter the Great) - velikoe posol'stvo 26 1690s

Great Embassy - velikoe posol'stvo 15 1606-10

Great Horde - bol'shaia orda 45 1766-68

great regiment - bol'shoi polk 15 1606-10

Great Sejm - velikii seim 12 16c

"greater family" commune - zadruga 45 1766-68

grenaderskaia rota - Grenadier Company (caps) 37 1741-44

Grenadier Company - grenaderskaia rota 37 1741-44

grid'ba - bodyguard 04 13-14c

gridnitsa - bodyguard's quarters 04 13-14c

gridnitsa - council chamber 45 1766-68

guard post - pritin 21 17c

Guardianship council - opekunskii sovet 48 1772-74

Guards (leib-gvardiia) - Life Guards, Horse Guards (Gleason) 37 1741-44

guba - criminal jurisdiction district 45 1766-68

guberniia - "government" not "province." Created 1708, subdivided into provinces, ruled by governors 37 1741-44

gubernskaia kantsiliariia - government chancellery 37 1741-44

gubnaia izba - police, magistrates', judicial district office 24 18c

guilds - tsekhi 24 18c

hammerman unit - kovanaia rat' 07 15c

Head Commissariat - glavnyi kommissariat 37 1741-44

hermitage - pustyn' 45 1776-68

hetmanate - getmanstvo 13 1584-98

high command, elders (cossack) - starshina 20 17c

high embassy - velikoe posol'stvo 45 1766-68

His Imperial Majesty Paul Petrovich's Assembled Company - sobrannaia kompaniia dlia imeni ego imperatorskogo velichestva Pavla Petrovicha 48 1772-74

His majesty's cabinet - kabinet e.v. 45 1766-68

Holy Roman empire - rimskaia imperiia 14 1598-1606

Holy Synod - osviashchennyi sobor (Petrine and after) 14 1598-1606

Holy Synod - sviateishii sinod 48 1772-74

honorary bodyguard - rynda 45 1776-68

Horse Guards - konnaia gvardiia 37 1741-44

hospice - bogodel'naia 45 1766-68

hospital - gospitali (pl. form only) 18 16-17c

host - voisko 14 1598-1606

household - obikhod 16 17c

household treasury - domovaia kazna 21 17c

hundred (territorial division) - sto, sotnia 15 1606-10

hussar regiment - khorvug 15 1606-10

iam - post station 26 1690s

iama - courier service 15 1606-10

iamskie den'gi - postal dues 26 1690s

iamskii prikaz - Postal Drivers' Chancellery 26 1690s

iasak - fur tribute 14 1598-1606

iiustits-kollegiia - College of Justice 48 1772-74

Imperial Stables Chancellery - koniushennaia kantseliariia 48 1772-74

infantry - pekhota 15 1606-10

innostrannaia kollegiia - College of Foreign Affairs 38 1745-48

inozemnaia strazha - foreign guard 14 1598-1606

Investigations or Secret Office 37 1741-44

Inzhenernaia shkola - Engineering School 35 1730s

Ispolnitel'naia kommissiia - Executive Commission 48 1772-74

Ispolnitel'nyi Komitet - Executive Committee - for adminstering Moscow after the plague 48 1772-74

iustits-kollegiia - College of Justice 38 1745-48

izba - office, chancellery, office building 45 1766-68

izba poselska - chamber of the envoys (polish) 45 1766-68

izbiratel'nyi seim - electoral sejm (Pol.) 26 1690s

Izbrannaia rada - "Chosen Council" 45 1766-68

Izmailovsky Guards 34 18c

Joint guard post - smesnyi storozha 12 17c

judicial commission - sudnaia kommissiia 38 1745-48

judicial office - zemskaia izba 15 1606-10

Justice, Chancellery of 35 1730s

Justice, College of 35 1730s

justice chancellery of patriarch - razriad 21 17c

kabinet - cabinet (admin.); ministr - cabinetminister 45 1766-68

kabinet e.v. - His majesty's cabinet 45 1766-68

kabinet ee imperatorskogo velichestva - Cabinet of Ministers (Anna) 38 1745-48

kabinet ministrov - Cabinet of Ministers 45 1766-68

kadetskii korpus - Corps of Cadets 45 1766-68

Kalnits Regiment 20 17c

Kamchatka Expedition 35 1730s

Kamer-kollegiia - Treasury College (1717) 37 1741-44

Kamera (Austria) (kammer) - Finance Ministry 45 1766-68

kamertsalmeisterskaia kontora - Office of the Master of the Imperial Household 38 1745-48

kantselariia ot stroenii - Chancellery of Works 45

kantseliariia - chancellery, office, secretariat 48 1772-74

kantseliariia konfiskatsii - Chancellery of Confiscations 35

kantseliariia tainykh rozyshnykh del - Chancellery of Secret Investigations 35

karaul - detachment of Tatar guards 04 13-14c

kavalerstvo - knighthood 26 1690s

kazennaia kelia - treasury cell 25 1680s

kazennaia palatka - accounts office 37 1741-44

kazennyi ambar - crown (state) arsenal 24 18c

kazennyi dvor - crown treasury 45 1766-68

kazennyi pogreb - crown (state) storehouse, depot 45 1766-68

kazennyi prikaz - treasury office 21 17c

kazna - purse, tribute (paid to khan) 26 1690s

kazna - treasury, exchequer 14 1598-1606

khlebnia - bakery 21 17c

khlebennyi dvorets - royal grain depot 26 1690s

kholop'ii prikaz - Chancellery for Slavery 14 1598-1606

khorugv - hussar regiment 15 1606-10

Kiev Mohyla Academy - Kievo-Mogilianshaia Akademiia (Kollegiia) 25 1680s

Kievo-Mogilianskaia Akademiia (Kollegiia) - Kiev Mohyla Academy 25 1680s

kirk(a) - chapel (Protestant) 26 1690s

kitchen - kormovyi dvor 24 18c

kniazhestvo - principality 46 1768-70

knighthood - rytsarstvo 14 1598-1606

Knights of Malta - order of chivalry 29 18c

"Knot of Confederation" - Confederated Diet 48 1772-74

kollegiia ekonomii - College of Economy - to administer lands formerly belonging to the church 48 18c

kollegiia gosudarstvennoi ekonomiki - Economy College 38 1745-48

kollegium - collegium (Jesuit) 18 16-17c

kolnyi sud - popular court 18 16-17c

kolo - assembly (Pol. and W. Russ.) 45 1766-68

kolo - council of war (cossack) 15 1606-10

kolo rytsarskoe - Council (lit. Circle) of Knights (Lith.) 23 17c

komissiia morskikh flotov - Naval Commission 46 1768-70

kommerts-kollegiia - College of Commerce 38 1745-48

Kommertsia - Commission on Commerce; set up 1730 and run by Ostermann 45

kommissariat - commisariat 38 1745-48

kompaneiskii polk - light cavalry regiment (Ukr.) 37 1741-44

kompaniia persidskikh armian - Company of Persian Armenians 23 17c

kompaniia - jolly company (Peter's companions) 26 1690s

kompanstvo - company (shipbuilding) 26 1690s

konets - ward in Novgorod 04 13-14c

koniushennaia kantseliariia - Imperial Stables Chancellery 48 1772-74

koniushennyi dvor - stables 45 1766-68

koniushennyi prikaz - Chancellery Of Court Stables 14 1598-1606

konnaia gvardia - Horse Guards 37 1741-44

konnitsa - cavalry 15 1606-10

konnye strel'tsy - musketeer cavalry 25 1680s

konsistoriia - bishop's council. Use consistory 48 1772-74

konsistoriia - consistory, bishop's advisory council 48 1772-74

konskaia izba - stable 24 18c

kontora - bureau 35 1730s

kontora nad stroenii e. i. domov i sadov - Office for Building Houses and Gardens (also kontora stroeniiadomov i sadov) 48 1772-74

kontora opekunstva inostramnykh - Bureau of Guardianship of Foreigners 45 1766-68

kontora stroeniia domov i sadov - Office for Building Houses and Gardens (also kontora nad stroenii e. i. domov i sadov) 48 1772-74

konvokatsionnyi seim - convocational sejm (Pol.) 26 1690s

korabel'noe sobranie - armada 16 1613-34

korchemnaia kontora - Bootlegging Bureau 38 1745-48

kormovoi dvorets - Office for Provisions 13 1584-98

kormovye den'gi - rations money 26 1690s

kormovyi dvor - kitchen 24 18c

korov'ii dvor - dairy 24 18c

kosh - commune of Zaporozhian cossacks 45 1766-68

Kosh - Tatar army or encampment 20 17c

kostël - (Catholic) church (building) 26 1690s

kovanaia rat' - hammerman unit 07 15c

kozach'ia riadovaia sluzhba - rank-and-file cossack service unit 12 16c

krepost' - deed of purchase 26 1690s

krestovaia - chapel 21 17c

krug - circle, assembly of Don Cossacks 45 1766-68

kruzhechnyi dvor - liquor storehouse; tavern operated as state franchise 24 18c

kuren - barracks of Zaporozhian Cossack company 45 1766-68

land assembly, local self-government - zemstvo 48 1772-74

"Learned Company, Guard" - uchenaia druzhina 35 1730s

left wing - levaia ruka 13 1584-98

Legislative Commission. Use caps 45 1766-68

Leib-gvardiia - Life Guards 37 1741-44

Leib-kirassirskii polk - Life Cuirassier Regiment 37 1741-44

Leib-kompaniia - Life Guards Company 37 1741-44

levaia ruka - left wing 13 1584-98

levies - rat' 16 1613-34

Life Cuirassier Regiment - leib kirassirskii polk 37 1741-44

Life Guards - leib-gvardiia 37 1741-44

Life Guards Company - leib-kompaniia 37 1741-44

Light cavalry (Polish) - Piatigortsy 15 1606-10

Light cavalry regiment (Ukr.) - kompaneiskii polk 37 1741-44

liquor franchise (arenda) - vinnyi otkup 25 1680s

liquor storehouse - kruzhechnyi dvor 24 18c

Lithuanian Council - Litovskaia rada 11 16c

Litovskaia rada - Lithuanian Council 11 16c

Livonian knights, Order of - the Order 07 15c

local self-government - zemstvo 48 1772-74

local synod or council - pomestnyi sobor 21 17c

lovchii put' - the tsar's chase 14 1598-1606

lower court - sud s golovy 12 16c

Lower Salt Bureau 41 1757-61

Lubny Regiment 29 18c

Lvov Brotherhood - bratstvo l'vovskoe 18 16-17c

madrasa, medrese - Muslim religious school 45 1766-68

maetnost' - landed estate (Ukraine) 26 1690s

maetnost' - property (W. Russ.) 20 17c

magazin - supply depot 46 1768-70

Magdeburg Law 26 1690s

magistracy - magistrat 38 1745-48

magistrat - municipal administration; town council, (Chief) Magistracy 37 1740s

Main Chancellery for Customs Duties - glavnaia kantseliariia nad tamozhennimi sborami 48 1772-74

Main Commissariat - glavnyi kommissariat 41 1757-61

Main Gendarmerie Chancellery - glavnaia politseimeisterskaia kantselliariia 35 18c

manufactory - manufaktura 45 1766-68

manufaktor-kontora - Bureau of Manufacturing 45 1766-68

manufaktur-kollegiia - College of Manufacturing 48 1772-74

manufaktura - manufactory 48 1772-74

masterskaia - workshop 14 1598-1606

masterskaia i oruzheinaia kontora - Artisan and Armory Office 48 1772-74

mechet - mosque 13 1584-98

Mecklenburg Corps 34 18c

Medical Board - meditsinskii korpus 48 1772-74

Medical Office - meditsinskaia kontora 48 1772-74

meditsinskaia kantseliariia - Medical Chancellery 35 1730s

meditsinskaia kontora - Medical Office 48 1772-74

meditsinskii korpus - Medical Board 48 1772-74

medopliteinyi zavod - smeltery (copper) 48 1772-74

medrese, madrasa - Muslim religious school 45 1766-68

meeting hall - s"ezhaia izba 15 1606-10

mercantile court - torgovyi sud 21 17c

mercenary band - naemnaia druzhina 13 1584-98

merchant guilds 14 1598-1606

Merchants' Hundred - gostinnaia sotnia 16 1613-34

metochion - podvor'e 12 16c

metropoliia - metropolitan see 21 17c

metropolitan see - metropoliia 21 17c

Military College (Sweden) 41 1757-61

military order - voennyi orden 46 1768-70

Militia Force (Troubles) - opolchenie 15 1606-10

militia on horseback 24 18c

Mines & Manufactures, College of 29 18c

Mining directorate - berg-direktorium 45 1766-68

Minister - of war; minister of war zones; ministry of war, etc. 45

Mint - denezhnii dvor, monetnyi dvor 25 1680s

Mint - monetnyi dvor 35 1730s

Mint, Chancellery of the - monetnaia kantseliariia 35 1730s

mirskie den'gi - commune/community money/funds 26 1690s

mirskii sovet - commune council 26 1690s

mitropolichii prikaz - Metropolitan's Office 26 1690s

mobile cossack patrols - podvizhnye raz"ezzhie stanitsy 13 1584-98

Moghul empire 07 15c

molodoi dvor - the "young court" 38 1745-48

monastery council - chernyi sobor 21 17c

Monastery Office 41 1757-61

monastic villages - monastyrskie sela 16 1613-34

monastyrskie sela - monastic villages 16 1613-34

monastyrskii prikaz - Monasterial Chancellery (Peter I) 38 1745-48

monetnaia kantseliariia - Chancellery of the Mint 35 1730s

monetnaia kontora - Bureau of Money 35 1730s

monetnoe uchrezhdenie - Bureau of the Mint 38 1745-48

monetnyi dvor - Mint 35 1730s

Money, Bureau of - monetnaia kontora 35 1730s

Mongol empire 24 18c

morgue - ubogii dom 24 18c

Moscow Consistory 41 1757-61

Moscow Medical Council 48 1772-74

Moscow Secret Chancellery 48 1772-74

Moscow Secret Investigation Office - moskovskaia tainaia ekspeditsiia 48 1772-74

Moscow Surgical School 48 1772-74

Moscow Theological Academy 24 18c

Moscow University 48 1772-74

Moskovskaia artillereiskaia shkola - Moscow Artillery School 35

Moskovskaia tainaia ekspeditsiia - Moscow Secret Investigation Office 48 1772-74

Moskovskoe gosudarstvo - Muscovite state, realm 24 18c

mosque - mechet 13 1584-98

Most Holy Governing Synod - sviateishii praviltel'stvuiushchii sinod 35 1730s

mounted musketeers - stremiannye strel'tsy 45 1766-68

muncipal administrations - magistraty 29 18c

municipal meeting house - vsegorodnaia izba 18 16-17c

musketeer cavalry - konnye strel'tsy 25 1680s

myriad - Tatar army unit of 10,000 troops 04 13-14c

nadvornaia pekhota - court infantry 25 1680s

nadvornyi sud - superior court (1720) in 10 major cities. same as dvornoi sud 37 1740s

naemnaia druzhina - mercenary band 13 1584-98

naivysshaia rada -supreme council 45 1766-68

namestnich'ii otkup - vicegerent's franchise 12 16c

namestnichestvo - province 12 16c

nariad - artillery 10 16c

narodnoe opolchenie - militia, first, second (Troubles) 15 1606-10

nasadnyi dvor - cargo warehouse 21 17c

National Assembly 24 18c

national gathering - stechenie narodnoe 16 1613-34

Naval Commission - komissiia morskikh flotov 46 1768-70

nesmesnyi storozha - discrete guard post 12 16c

New Quarter, chancellery - novaia chet' 18 16-17c

Noble Cadet Corps - military school 48 1772-74

notary public office - ploshchadnoi prikaz 21 17c

novaia chet' - Chancellery of the New Quarter 18 16-17c

Novgorod assembly - veche 04 13-14c

ober-bergamt - Board of Mines 35 1730s

obikhod - household 16 1613-34

oblast' - region 07 15c

obrok - quitrent 26 1690s

obshchi sud - a mixed court with judges from different districts 07 (15c)

Office for Building Houses and Gardens - kontorastroeniia domov i sadov, and kontora nad stroenii e. i. domov i sadov 48 1772-74

Office for Provisions - kormovoi dvorets 13 1584-98

Office of Heraldry 48 1772-74

Office of Mines. See College of Mines 48 1772-74

Office of the Master of the Imperial Household - kamertsalmeisterskaia kontora 38 1745-48

offices - chiny 16 1613-34

okladnye dokhody - tax revenues 26 1690s

okrug - territory 48 1772-74

opekunskii sovet - Guardianship Council 48 1772-74

opolchenie (Troubles) - Militia Force 15 1606-10

oprichnina - entailed estate 04 13-14c

oprichnina, private court system of political and police institutions - translate "crown estates." (left untranslated in Vol. 10) 45 1766-68

oprichnyi dvor - separate court 45 1766-68

orda (vysshaia, sredniaia, men'shaia) - Order of Merchants (higher, middle, lower) 38 1745-48

Order of Dobrzyn; 04 13-14c

Orenburg Expedition - orenburgskaia ekspeditsiia 38 1745-48

osviashchennyi sobor - Holy Synod (Petrine and after) 14 1598-1606

osviashchennyi sobor (pre-Petrine) - consecrated assembly 13 1584-98

otchina - patrimony, hereditary estate. See votchina 45 1766-68

otriad - detachment 02 12c

outpost - zastava 20 17c

outposts - stanitsy 13 1584-98

Palace, Chancellery of the 35 1730s

palatine (udel'noe kniazhestvo) - principality 25 1680s

palatka u tserkvi - rectory 18 16-17c

Palestinian Rest Homes 41 1757-61

panskii prikaz - Chancellery for Polish Lords 16 1613-34

pany rada - lords of the council, Senate (Polish) 15 1606-10

Papal see, the 14 1598-1606

pastoral authority - pastyrstvo 18 16-17c

pastyrstvo - pastoral authority 18 16-17c

Patriarchal Chancellery - prikaz patriarshii 25 1680s

Patriarchal monasteries - patriarshie monastyry 14 1598-1606

patriarchate - patriarshestvo 48 1772-74

patriarshaia oblast' - patriarchal reserve (land) 24 18c

patriarshestvo - patriarchate 48 1772-74

patriarshie monastyri - patriarchal monasteries 14 1598-1606

patrimonial principality 24 18c

patrimony, patrimonial estate - votchina 16 17c

Pavlovsk hospital - Moscow 48 1772-74

pechatnyi dvor - Printing Office 24

pekhota - infantry 15 1606-10

pekhota nemetskaia - foreign infantry 16 1613-34

perednye polki - vanguards 15 1606-10

peredovoi otriad - advance detachment 15 1606-10

peredovoi polk - vanguard 48 1772-74

peredovoi otriad - lead division 26 1690s

perevesnye derevni - bird-catching villages 12 16c

pervoe opolchenie - First Militia Force (Troubles) 15 1606-10

Pervyi Department - First Department of Governing Senate 48 1772-74

peshaia gvardiia - Foot Guards 37 1741-44

peshie - itinerants, foot wanderers 24 18c

peterburgskaia aktsiznaia kamera - Petersburg Excise Office 35 1730s

Petersburg Regiment 48 1772-74

pharmacy - apteka 25 1680s

piatigortsy - light cavalry (Polish) 15 1606-10

piatina - district, quarter of city, "Fifth" (Novgorod) 24

Piatyi Department - Fifth Department of Governing Senate 48 1772-74

pischaia izbushka - Notarial office. See also ploshchadnye pod'iachie 24

plavnaia rat' - riparian forces 13 1584-98

play regiments - poteshnye 26 1690s

ploshchadnoi prikaz - notary public office 21 17c

podvizhnye raz"ezzhie stanitsy - mobile cossack patrols 13 1584-98

podvor'e - metochion 12 16c

pogost' - center of tax collection district; a church and its complex of buildings 06 1389-1462

pogost' - section of city, county or rural seat where princes stayed while on tour; settlement, township (in the North); trading post, later rural administrative center; churchyard, hamlet (context) 24 18c

pol'skaia korona - Polish Crown 13 1584-98

police court - s"ezzhii dvor 20 17c

police headquarters - glavnaia politsiia 37 1741-44

police post - s"ezhaia izba 14 1598-1606

Polish Commonwealth - Rech' Pospolitaia 16 1613-34

Polish Crown - pol'skaia korona 13 1584-98

politseimeisterskaia kantseliariaa - Gendarmerie Chancellery 35

politsiia - gendarmerie 38 1745-48

polk - regiment, regimental district 26 1690s

polka - army, division of army 45 1766-68

polovina - administrative district 12 16c

pomest'e - service tenure, estate 15 1606-10

pomestnyi prikaz - Chancellery of Military Tenures 26 1690s

pomestnyi sobor - local synod or council 21 17c

poorhouse - ubogii dom 24 18c

popular court - kolnyi sud 18 16-17c

Porte, the Turkish 14 1598-1606

posad - town quarter 16 1613-34

posadskaia obshchina - city commune 45 1766-68

posol'skaia chetvert' - Chancellery of Foreign Affairs 45 1766-68

posol'skaia izba - chamber of diplomatic affairs 45 1766-68

posol'skii dvor - Ambassadors' courtyard 26 1690s

posol'skii prikaz - Chancellery of Foreign Affairs 26 1690s

posol'stvo - embassy 14 1598-1606

Postal Drivers' Chancellery - iamskii prikaz 26 1690s

poteshnye - play regiments 26 1690s

povet, powiat (Pol.) - district belonging to town, township 12 16c

povet(y) - district(s) (West Russia) 45 1766-68

povetovyi seimik - regional diet, dietine 12 16c

pravaia ruke - right wing, flank 45 1766-68

pravitel'stvuiushchii senat - Governing Senate 48 1772-74

pravlenie - executive board, secretariat, administration, office 35 1730s

pravy polk - regiment forming right wing 45 1766-68

predel - sanctuary (of a church) 24 18c

prefecture (Pol.) - starostvo 13 1584-98

prefecture - voitovstvo 12 16c

Preobrazhensky Guards 26 1690s

prigorodok - bytown 35 1730s

prigorody - bytowns 16 1613-34

prikaz - chancellery 15 1606-10

prikaz apetkarsky - Chancellery of the Apothecary 24

prikaz bol'shogo dvortsa - Chancellery of the Tsar's Household 13 1584-98

prikaz bol'shogo prikhoda - Chancellery of Crown Revenues 15 1606-10

prikaz bolshoi kazny - Chancellery of the Exchequer 24

prikaz chelobitnyi - Chancellery for Petitions 14 1598-1606

prikaz galitskoy chetverti - Chancellery for Galicia 24

prikaz iamskoi - Chancellery of Posts 45

prikaz inozemnyi - Chancellery for Service Foreigners 24

prikaz kalmyzhskikh del - Chancellery of Kalmyk Affairs 23 17c

prikaz kamennykh zhitnits - Chancellery for Stonework 24

prikaz kazanskogo dvortsa - Chancellery for Kazan 24

prikaz kazennogo dvora - Chancellery of the Royal Treasury 24

prikaz kazennykh zhitnits - Chancellery for Crown Storehouses 24

prikaz kholop'ii - Chancellery for Slavery 14 1598-1606

prikaz kniazhestva smolenskogo - Chancellery for the Principality of Smolensk 24

prikaz koniushennyi - Chancellery of the Horse 24

prikaz kostromskoi chetverty - Chancellery for Kostroma 24

prikaz kupetskikh del - Chancellery of Commercial Affairs 24

prikaz malorossiisky - Chancellery for Little Russia 24

prikaz monastyrsky - Monasterial Chancellery 24

prikaz Moskovskii sudnyi - Judicial Chancellery of Moscow 15 1606-10

prikaz nadvornoi pekhoty - Chancellery of the Court Infantry 25 1680s

prikaz novgorodskoy cheverti - Chancellery for Novgorod 24

prikaz novoy chetverti - Chancellery of the New Quarter 24

prikaz oruzheinyi - the Armory 25 1680s

prikaz panakhidnyi - Chancellery for the Commemoration of Souls 24

prikaz patriarshii - Patriarchal Chancellery 25 1680s

prikaz pomestnyi - Chancellery of Military Tenures 24

prikaz posol'skii - Chancellery of Foreign Affairs 24

prikaz Preobrazhenskii - Preobrazhensky Chancellery established by Peter I 35 1730s

prikaz pushechnyi - Chancellery of Artillery 12 16c

prikaz pushkarsky - Chancellery of (Cannoneers) Artillery 24

prikaz razboinyi - Chancellery for Criminal Affairs 14 1598-1606

prikaz razriadnyi - Chancellery of Crown Service and Appointments 24

prikaz reitarsky - Chancellery of Cavalry 24

prikaz sbora ratnykh liudei - Chancellery for Military Levies 16 1613-34

prikaz sbora streletskogo khleba - Chancellery for Musketeer Provisions 24

prikaz schetnyi - Chancellery of Auditing (Financial Control) 24

prikaz sibirskii - Chancellery for Siberia 24

prikaz streletsky - Chancellery of Musketeers 24

prikaz sudnyi - Chancellery of Justice 35 1730s

prikaz sudnyi moskovsky - Judicial Chancellery of Moscow 24

prikaz sudnyi Vladimirskii - Vladimir Judicial Chancellery 15 1606-10

prikaz sudnyi vladimirsky - Judicial Chancellery of Vladimir 24

prikaz sysknoi - Chancellery of Investigations 37 1741-44

prikaz sysknykh del - Chancellery for Investigations 14 1598-1606

prikaz tainykh del - Privy Chancellery 24

prikaz ustiuzhskoi chetverti - Chancellery for Ustiug 24

prikaz zemsky - Land Chancellery; the chief police and judicial office for the city of Moscow 37 1741-44

prikaznaia izba - chancellery 15 1606-10

prikaznaia izba - town hall, government office 26 1690s

prikazy - governmental or administrative departments or offices, chancelleries 45 1766-68

Priluki Regiment 29 18c

principality - kniazhestvo 48 1772-74

pritin - guard post 21 17c

Privy Chancellery - blizhnaia kantseliariia 25 1680s

privy council - blizhniaia duma 45 1766-68

professed brotherhood - riadovaia bratiia 21 17c

progonnye den'gi - courier tax 26 1690s

property (W. Russ.) - maetnost' 20 17c

protopopiia - deanery 12 17c

province - namestnichestvo, voevodstvo 12 16c

provincial chancellery - provintsial'naia kantseliariia 45 18c

provincial treasury offices - zemskie kontory 29 18c

provintsialnaia kantseliariia - provincial chancellery 45 1766-68

Prussian army 48 1772-74

pushechnyi dvor - Arsenal 25 1680s

pushkarskii prikaz - Artillery Chancellery 26 1690s

pustyn' - hermitage 45 1776-68

put' - administrative unit, department, office 06 1389-1462

puti - departments 45 1776-68

rada - cossack assembly 20 17c

rada - council of nobles (Lithuania) 07 15c

rada - general assembly or council in West Russia 45 1766-68

rada - Polish or Lithuanian senate 11 16c

rank-and-file cossack service unit - kozach'ia riadovaia sluzhba 12 16c

raspravnaia palata - Chamber of Settlement (Senate) 45 1766-68

rat' - levies 16 1613-34

ratusha - town hall, city council 26 1690s

razriad - Chancellery of Crown Service and Appointments 13 1584-98

razriad - justice chancellery of patriarch 21 17c

razriadnaia izba - Service Registry Office 12 16c

razriadnyi shater - headquarters (musketeers) 26 1690s

rearguard - storozhevoi polk, zadnye polki 15 1606-10

rearguard detachments - zadnye otriady 13 1584-98

Rech' Pospolitaia - Polish Commonwealth 16 1613-34

rectory - palatka u tserkvi 18 16-17c

regency council 09 16c

regiment (hussar) - khorugv 15 1606-10

regiment - polk 15 1606-10

region - oblast' 07 15c

regional diet - povetovyi seimik 12 16c

reikhsdag - Riksdag (Sweden) 38 1745-48

reitarskii polk - cavalry regiment 45 1776-78

rentereia - treasury 38 1745-48

Respublika - Commonwealth (Pol.) 14 1598-1606

retinue - druzhina 24 18c

riad - in Novgorod, smallest unit in city government 07 15c

riad - trading row 12 16c

riadok - settlement of craftsmen and those in related farmwork 07 15c

riadovaia bratiia - professed brotherhood 21 17c

right wing, flank - pravaia ruka 45 1766-68

Riksdag (Swedish parliament) 15 1606-10

riparian forces - plavnaia rat' 13 1584-98

Rizhskaia kommerts-komissii - Riga Commerce Commision 45 1766-68

Rogatin Brotherhood - bratstvo rogatinskoe 18 16-17c

Roman curia 14 1598-1606

Rota - cavalry company 20 17c

Royal Bank (France) 48 1772-74

Royal bodyguard (of mounted musketeers) - stremiannoi polk 25 1680s

Royal Council (Danish) 48 1772-74

Royal Household, Chancellery of the 35 1730s

Royal Privy Council (Polish) 48 1772-74

rublevye den'gi - sales tax 26 1690s

rural district - volost' 09 15c

rural district office - volostnaia izba 24

Russian Conference 35 1730s

rybnaia kontora - Fishing Office 37 1741-44

rybnaia lovlia - fishing grounds 18 16-17c

rybnyi riad - fish market 18 16-17c

rynda - honorary bodyguard 45 1766-68

rytsarskoe kolo - assembled knighthood 13 1584-98

rytsarstvo - cavalry, knighthood 14 1598-1606

Rzeczpospolita - (Polish) Commonwealth 45 1766-68

s"ezd - conference (of princes) 02 12c

s"ezd - (peace) conference 13 1584-98

s"ezd vsem liudem - general conference 13 1584-98

s"ezhaia izba - assembly point, meeting hall 26 1690s

s"ezhaia izba - meeting hall, police post 15 1606-10

s"ezzhii dvor - police court 20 17c

sacerdotium (Latin) - principle of priestly authority 45 1776-68

Salt Bureau -solianaia kontora 35 1730s

saltworks - usolie 21 17c

samoderzhets - autocrat 45 1776-68

sanctuary (of a church) - predel 24 18c

sanjak - district of Turkish province 25 1680s

School of Navigation 29 18c

sech - the Camp (cossack) 26 1690s

Second Army 48 1772-74

Second Department - vtoroi department - of Governing Senate 48 1772-74

Second Militia Force - vtoroe narodnoe opolchenie 15 1606-10

Secret Chancellery - tainaia kantseliariia 38 1745-48

Secret Committee (Swedish) 48 1772-74

Secret Office - tainaia kontora 35 1730s

sect - soglasie 21 17c

section - stol 21 17c

seimik povetovaia - regional Sejm, dietine (Pol.) 12 16c

Sejm - diet or legislative assembly (Lithuania and Poland) 45 1766-68

Sejm - Polish legislature 14 1598-1606

Sejm - Polish-Lithuanian assembly 11 16c

Sejm - Riksdag (Sweden) 38 1745-48

sejmik - sub-Diet, district, local diet, dietine (Polish & Lithuanian) 45 1766-68

sel'skoe veche - village assembly 18 16-17c

select regiment - vybornyi polk 25 1680s

select regiment of musketeers - stremennyi prikaz 24 18c

Semenovsky Guards Regiment 48 1772-74

semiboiarshchina - seven boyars regime (Troubles) 45 1766-68

seminariia - seminary 15 1606-10

seminary - seminariia 15 1606-10

Senate (Peter I) - senators 37 1741-44

Senate (Polish) - pany rada 15 1606-10

Senate - rada (term applies to Polish and Lithuanian rada) 11 16c

senatskaia kantseliariia - Senate chancellery 35 1730s

senatskaia kontora - Bureau of the Senate 35

service estates - pomest'ia 16 1613-34

seraglio (Turkish) - seral 48 1772-74

seral - Seraglio (Turkish) 26 1690s

Serbian Guest House 48 1772-74

serdiutskii polk - ukrainian infantry regiment 37 1741-44

service estate, tenure - pomest'e 15 1606-10

service unit (W. Russ.) - sluzhba 45 1766-68

settlement of economic peasants - ekonomicheskaia sloboda 48 1772-74

Seven boyars regime (Troubles) - semiboiarshchina 45 1766-68

shelter - bogodel'naia (izba) 45 1766-68

Shestoi department - Sixth Department of Governing Senate 48 1772-74

shinok - privately-owned tavern. See also kabak, kruzhechnyi dvor 24 18c

shtats-kantselariia - Chancellery of State 45

shtats-kontora (kazennyi dom) - Bureau of State Accounts (est. 1717) 37 1741-44

Siberian Board of Mines 35 1730s

Siberian Chancellery - sibirskii prikaz 38 1745-48

Siberian yurt - literally tatar dwelling, but here used to denote the realm of Prince Ediger 11 16c

sibirskii prikaz - Siberian Chancellery 38 1745-48

Sich - cossack stronghold 20 17c

sinklit - boyar council 21 17c

sinklit - state council 45 1766-68

sinagog - synagogue 18 16-17c

sinod - Holy Synod 38 1745-48

sinod - synod 18 16-17c

Sixth Department - shestoi department - of Governing Senate 48 1772-74

Slavery Chancellery - prikaz kholop'ii 25 1680

Slaviano-Greko-Latinskaia Akademiia : Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy 25 1680s

Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy : Slaviano-Greko-Latinskaia Akademiia 25 1680s

Sloboda - settlement, large village, quarter of a town, tax-exempt suburb 45 1766-68

slovesnyi sud - oral hearings court 45 1766-68

slovo i delo gosudarevo - "sovereign's word and deed," (1649 law code) 37 1741-44

sluzhba - service unit (W. Russ.) 45 1766-68

smeltery (copper) - medopliteinyi zavod 48 1772-74

smesnyi storozha - joint guard post 12 16c

Smolny Institute 48 1772-74

sobor - council or assembly in religious connotation 45 1766-68

sobor, zemskii - Assembly of the Land 14 1598-1606

sobornaia tserkov' - ecumenical church 21 17c

sobornye startsy - cathedral chapter 15 1606-10

sobornyi khram - decanal church 12 16c

sobrannaia kompaniia dlia imeni ego imperatorskogo velichestva Pavla Petrovicha - His Imperial Majesty Paul Petrovich's Assembled Company 48 1772-74

soglas - circle, group or sect (Old believers) 37 17c

soglasie - sect, circle 21 17c

sokol'nich'ii put' - Falconer's Office 14 1598-1606

solianaia kontora - Salt Bureau 38 1745-48

sotnia - hundred (territorial division) 15 1606-10

sotnia - unit or group of 100 men, usually cossacks 45 1766-68

sovet inostrannykh del - Council for Foreign Affairs 37 1741-44

Sovet Vsei Zemli - Council of Whole Land 15 1606-10

Spasskie shkoly - ecclesiastical schools 35 1730s

special council for domestic and foreign affairs - chrezvechainyi sovet po vneshnim i vnutrennym delam 37 1741-44

spiritual authorities - dukhovnye vlasti 16 1613-34

squadron (naval) - eskadra 37 1741-44

srednii sobor - general synod or council 21 17c

stable - konskaia izba 24 18c

stables - koniushennyi dvor 37 1741-44

stanitsa - delegation; encampment; division of cossacks (context) 21 17c

stanitsa gosudarevykh pevchikh - Company of Sovereign's Choristers 24 18c

stanitsy - outposts 13 1584-98

stanitsy nepodvizhnye - fixed outposts 13 1584-98

starostvo - prefecture (Pol.) 13 1584-98

State Archive 48 1772-74

state arsenal - kazennyi ambar 24 18c

state storehouse, depot - kazennyi pogreb 45 1766-68

States-General (Dutch) - General'nye Shtaty 16 1613-34

stavropigiia - stauropigia 18 16-17c

stauropugia - stavropigiia ( ecclesiastical institution immediately subject to patriarch of Constantinople) 18 16-17c

stechenie narodnoe - national gathering 16 1613-34

sto - hundred (territorial division) 15 1606-10

stol - department, section, bureau 21 17c

stolitsa apostol'skaia - apostolic see 14 1598-1606

storozhevoi polk - rearguard 15 1606-10

street commune (Novgorod) - ulitsa 45 1766-68

streletskii khleb - musketeer grain tax 26 1690s

stremennyi prikaz - select regiment of musketeers 24 18c

stremiannoi polk - tsar's bodyguard of mounted musketeers 25 1680s

stremiannye strel'tsy - mounted musketeers 45 1766-68

sud - accusatorial trial 26 1690s

sud - court, justice 45 1766-68

sud s golovy - lower court 12 16c

sudnaia kommissiia - judicial commission 38 1745-48

sudnii prikaz - Chancellery of Justice 25 1680s

sukhonnaia sotnia - Cloth Merchants' Hundred, guild 24 18c

supply depot - magazin 48 1772-74

Supreme Cabinet - vysochaishii kabinet 38 1745-48

Supreme Privy Council - verkhovnyi tainyi sovet 38 1745-48

sviateishii pravitel'stvuiushchii sinod - Most Holy Governing Synod 35 1730s

Sviateishii sinod - Holy Synod 48 1772-74

synagogue - sinagog 18 16-17c

synod - sinod 18 16-17c

Synodal Economic Administration 41 1757-61

sytennyi dvor - brewery, distillery 24 18c

tabor - field camp (cossack) 18 16-17c

tainaia kantseliariia - Secret Chancellery 35 1730s

tainaia knotora - Secret Office 38 1745-48

tainaia rada - privy council 45 1766-68

tainyi sovet korolevskii (Pol.) - Royal Privy Council 48 1772-74

tamozhnaia glavnaia - Main Customs Office 24

tamozhnaia, tamozhnia - customs house 45 1766-68

Tatar army or encampment - kosh 20 17c

Tatar encampment - yurt 15 1606-10

tavern operated as state franchise - kruzhechnyi dvor 24 18c

tax office (Lithuania) - uriad 12 16c

tax collections - denezhnye sbory 16 1613-34

tax office - zemskii prikaz 10 16c

tax-paying districts - chernye volosti 16 1613-34

taxation chancellery - chet', chetvert' 13 1584-98

Terek Cossack army - Terskoe semeinoe voisko 45 1766-68

terem - women's quarters, tower chamber, keep 26 1690s

territory - okrug 48 1772-74

Terskoe semeinoe voisko - Terek Cossack army 45 1766-68

Teutonic Order of Knights 07 15c

Third Grenadier Regiment 45 1766-68

tipografiia - Typography, Printing Office 26 1690s

tithing district - desiatina 21 17c

tiunskaia izba - crown agent's office 26 1690s

t'ma - military and taxation district (Mongol administration) 45 1766-68

torgovye poshliny - retail duties 26 1690s

torgovyi sud - mercantile court 21 17c

town corporations - gorodovye obshchiny 48 1772-74

town council - magistrat 37 1741-44

town council - ratusha 38 1745-48

town hall - zemskaia izba 15 1606-10

town office - zemskii dvor 17 1634-45

town quarter - posad 16 1613-34

trading row - riad 12 16c

trading settlement - pogost' 15 1606-10

treasury - denezhnaia kazna 35 1730s

treasury cell - kazennaia kelia 25 1680s

Treasury College - Kamer-kollegiia 48 1772-74

Treasury - kazna, rentereia 16 17c

treasury office - kazennyi prikaz 21 17c

Trinity Brotherhood (Wilno) 18 16-17c

tsar's council 24 18c

Tsar's Household - dvortsovyi prikaz 13 1584-98

tsarskaia tserkov' - church supported by tsar 24 18c

tsarskie dvory - palace offices and facilities; household 24 18c

tsarstvo - tsardom, sovereignty, sovereign realm, domain 24 18c

tseigauz - armory 35 1730s

tsekh - artisan guild (W. Russ.) 45 1766-68

tsekhi - craft guilds 48 1772-74

tserkovno-zemskii sobor - "Assembly of Church and Land" 45 1766-68

tserkovnyi bratskii sud - ecclesiastical brotherhood court 18 16-17c

tyniec - fortified monastery (Pol.) 48 1772-74

ubogii dom - poorhouse, morgue 24 18c

uchenaia druzhina - "Learned Company, Guard" 35 1730s

Uchrezhdennoe pri dvore ministerskoe i generalitetskoe sobranie - assembly of ministers and generals constituted at court 37 1741-44

udel, udel'noe kniazhestvo - appanage, appanage principality 15 1606-10

uezdy - districts 16 1613-34

ugod'ia - pastures, lakes, forests, etc., from which profits come; amenities 07 15c

Ukrainian College 48 1772-74

Ukrainian Corps - Ukrainiskii korpus 45 1766-68

Ukrainskii korpus - Ukrainian Corps 45 1766-68

ulitsa - street commune (novgorod) 45 1766-68

Uniate church - uniatskaia tserkov' 16 1613-34

uniatskaia tserkov' - Uniate church 16 1613-34

uriad - tax office (Lithuania) 12 16c

Urzedy dworskie - court offices (Polish) 45 1766-68

usolie - saltworks 21 17c

vanguard - perednye polki, peredovoi polk 15 1606-10

vataga - cooperative association (for fishing, hunting, etc.) 45 1766-68

veche - medieval town assembly 15 1606-10

velikii seim - Great Sejm 12 16c

velikoe posol'stvo - great, grand, high embassy 45 1766-68

Velikolutsk Regiment 48 1772-74

verkhovnyi tainyi sovet - Supreme Privy Council 45

village assembly - sel'skoe veche 18 16-17c

Vinnyi otkup (arenda) - liquor franchise 25 1680s

Vladimirskii sudnyi prikaz - Vladimir Judicial Chancellery 26 1690s

voennaia kollegiia - War College 37 1741-44

voennaia komissiia - Military Commission (est. 1827-29) 35 1730s

Voennaia, Morskaia Kantseliariia - War and Naval Chancellery 25 1680s

voennyi departament - War Department 45 1766-68

voennyi orden - military order 46 1768-70

voennyi sovet - council of war 16 1613-34

voevodskaia kantseliariia - Chancellery of the Provincial Governor 35 1730s

voevodstvo - governorship, province 14 1598-1606

voevodstvo - officer of the governor, governorship 45 1766-68

voisko - army, host 14 1598-1606

voisko zaporozhskoe - Zaporozhian Host 15 1606-10

voitovstvo - prefecture 12 16c

Vol'noe Ekonomicheskoe Obshchestvo - Free Economic Society 48 1772-74

voloka - plowland 12 16c

volost' - administrative district, rural district, community 09 15c

volost' - principality, territory, lands 02 11-12c

volostnaia izba - rural district office 24

vospitatel'nyi dom - foundling home 48 1772-74

votchina - patrimony 15 1606-10

votchina - patrimony, patrimonial estate 16 1613-34

votchinnaia kollegiia - College of Landed Estates 35 1730s

vsegorodnaia izba - municipal meeting house 18 16-17c

vselenskii sobor - ecumenical council 16 1613-34

vtoroe narodnoe opolchenie - Second Militia Force 15 1606-10

Vtoroi department - Second department - of Governing Senate 48 1772-74

vybornyi polk - select regiment 25 1680s

vyezdnaia sloboda - carriagers' suburb 21 17c

vymorochnyi dvor - property left by owner dying intestate without heirs 37 1741-44

vyshnii sud - Superior Court (est. by Peter) 35 1730s

vysluzhennaia votchina - hereditary estate awarded for service 12 16c

vysochaishii kabinet - Supreme Cabinet 38 1745-48

War and Naval Chancellery - Voennaia, Morskaia Kantseliariia 25 1680s

War College - voennaia kollegiia 38 1745-48

Wilno Brotherhood - bratstvo vilenskoe 18 16-17c

winter quarters (cossack) - zimovnik 45 1766-68

workshop - masterskaia 14 1598-1606

yama - courier service 24

yasak - fur tribute 14 1598-1606

"young court" - molodoi dvor 38 1745-48

yurt - tatar encampment 15 1606-10

zadnye otriady - rearguard detachments 13 1584-98

zadnye polki - rearguard 15 1606-10

zadruga - "greater family" commune; extended family 45 1766-68

Zaikonospassky schools 35 1730s

zakladnaia kabala - life indenture contract 26 1690s

zámok - castle 18 16-17c

Zaporozhian Host - voisko zaporozhskoe 15 1606-10

zastava - outpost 20 17c

zemshchina - (Ivan IV) domains of the Land, Land domains (left untranslated in Vol. 10) 45 1766-68

zemskaia izba - judicial office, district office, town hall 15 1606-10

zemskaia kantseliaria - Land Chancellery 37 1741-44

zemskie kontory - provincial treasury offices 29 18c

zemskii dvor - town office 17 1634-45

zemskii dvor - renamed zemskii prikaz 1657 21 17c

zemskii kontor - territorial chamber (Peter); provincial treasury 37 1741-44

zemskii prikaz - tax office 10 16c

zemskoe upravlenie - Regular Administration (under Ivan IV) 24

zemsky sobor - assembly of the land 16 1613-34

zemstvo (Livlandskoe) - Livland Assembly of the Land 45 18c

zemstvo - land assembly 48 1772-74

zhitnyi dvor - granary 24

zimovnik - winter quarters (cossack) 45 1766-68

Zolotaia Orda - Golden Horde 24

Zolotaia Podpisnaia Palata - Golden Scriptorium 16 1613-34

zolotaia, serebrianaia i oruzheinye palaty - gold, silver and armory chambers 24

 

 

 


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