Academic International Press


CONSISTENCY LIST FOR

HISTORY OF RUSSIA FROM EARLIEST TIMES

By Sergei M. Soloviev

TERMS

Consistency Lists

CHURCHES

GEOGRAPHICAL

INSTITUTIONS AND CHANCELLERIES

PERSONAL NAMES (A-H)

PERSONAL NAMES (I-P)

PERSONAL NAMES (R-Z)

RANKS

TABLE OF RANKS

TERMS

WEIGHTS, NUMBERS, & MEASURES

 

Back to S.M. Soloviev, "History of Russia From Earliest Times" (Soloviev)

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Term, Volume, Time Period

account - izvestie 06 1389-1462

acquisitions - primysly 06 1389-1462

act of confederation - konfederatsionnyi akt 15 1606-13

act of solidarity - odinachnaia zapis' 17 1634-45

Acts Collected in Libraries & Archives of the Russian Empire 15 1606-13

Acts of the Apostles 06 1389-1462

Acts Pertaining to the History of Western Russia 15 1606-13

"Admonitions to Schismatics" - booklet distributed by the Synod 48 1772-74

adventurer - bogatyr (also hero) 01 9-11c

adventurers - molodtsy 04 13-14c

Adyge people 48 1772-74

Adyge-Abkhaz (Abkhazo-Adyg) - Ibero-Caucasian language

group 23 17c

Aesop's Fables, Russian version of, 24

Afghans 34 1730s

Agariane - sons of Hagar (not Hagarenes) 46 1768-70

Agei Shepelev Regiment 24

agreement - zgadets 06 1389-1462

Aix-la-Chapelle, treaty of 38 1745-48

Akademicheskie Kommentarii - Transactions of the Academy 45 1766-68

Akh-uiu - Abkazian serfs 07 15c

Akhashala - Abakahzian slaves 07 15c

Akkerman Tatars 10 16c

aksamit - patterned velvet 06 1389-1462

Alakoy 45 1766-68

alam - pectoral 06 1389-1462

Alans - tribe 01 9-11c

Albanians 18 16-17c

Albazin Cossacks - regional subgroup 23 17c

Alexandrov & Co 29 18c

alienation of affection - kosnyi razvod 18 16-17c

allocation document - del'naia gramota 12 16c

alms - milostynia 13 1584-98

almshouses 34 1730s

Altay - region, language, ethnic group 23 17c

Altyrs - Kirghiz subgroup 23 17c

alum - kvastsy 21 17c

ambassador - posol 08 15c

ammonium chloride - nashatyr 21 17c

amulet - uzel 06 1389-1462

amusements 24

amvon - tribune 45 1766-68

Anabaptism 24

anathema - bannit 18 16-17c

anathema - prokliatie 18 16-17c

Anauls - Siberian ethnic group 23 17c

Andreevsk Kumyks - regional ethnic subgroup 23 17c

Andreevskii orden' - Order of St. Andrew 46 1768-70

Andronov - term for common man 23 17c

Androphagi - mythical tribe 01 9-11c

Andrusovo, Treaty of 24

Anglo-Russian Commercial Treaty (1766) 48 1772-74

Ankhaiiu - largest group among the Abkhazian peasants 07 15c

Anonymous Latin chronicles of Polish origin 14 1598-1606

Antes - tribe 01 9-11c

antidor - antidoron 25 1680s

antimina - portable traveling altar 23 17c

antimins - antimension, burse (cloth case for corporal used

in celebrating Eucharist) 06 1389-1462

Apocryphal works 06 1389-1462

apocryphal writings 09 16c

apostol' - Books of the Apostles 18 16-17c

apostolic see 14 1598-1606

appanage - udel 15 1606-13

apse - komara 06 1389-1462

Arab caliphate 01 9-11c

Arabs 24

Arak - Bogatyr 45 1766-68

aravitiane - Arabs 06 1389-1462

Archeographical Commission 15 1606-13

archery equipment - saadak 13 1584-98

architect - arkhitektor 48 1772-74

ardash - poorest quality silk 23 17c

arenda - liquor franchise 26 1690s

argamak - Turkish or Polish horses 14 1598-1606

Arians - heretical Christian belief 11 16c

Arimaspi - mythical tribe 01 9-11c

Armed Neutrality 48 1772-74

Armenia and Azerbaidzhan 07 15c

Armenians 08 15c

Armiak - (cloth) tunic 45 1766-68

Army - the Army of the Ukraine, etc.; the Russian army 45 1766-68

Árpád dynasty 02 11-12c

arrears - doimochnye den'gi 21 17c

Arsk inhabitants - Arskie liudi 10 16c

Arskie liudi - Arsk inhabitants 10 16c

Arsky princes 08 15c

artillery - artilleriia, nariad 15 1606-13

arts and crafts 29 18c

Aryns - Siberian ethnic group 23 17c

as hostages - v zaklad 13 1584-98

ashlar - butovyi kamen' 13 1584-98

Asian hordes 10 16c

aspidnaia odnoriadka - motley cloth caftan 12 16c

assignat - assignat 48 1772-74

Assumption, Feast of - Uspenie - use Dormition 24

Astrakhan government 48 1772-74

Astrakhan Tatars 10 16c

astrology 09 16c

at a fixed price - po ukaznoi tsene 13 1584-98

ataxia - sukhotka (disease) 06 1389-1462

atlasy - satins 45 1766-68

Atmos - division of Bastarnai 01 9-11c

atrium - pritvory 18 16-17c

Auchetae - Scythian tribe 01 9-11c

aul - Caucasian village 07 15c

authorization papers - gosudarstvennaia gramota 23 17c

autonomy - samoupravlenie 13 1584-98

Avar(y) - Avars 45 1766-68

avarice - korystoliubie 06 1389-1462

aviz - writ, notice (from aviso) 23 17c

avva - father, abbot 06 1389-1462

azbukovnik - primer 45 1766-68

Azerbaidzhan(is) 35 1730s

Azov Cossacks (but, "he was a cossack from Azov") 07 15c

Azov flotilla 48 1772-74

baggage train - oboz 20 17c

bai-berek - cinnamon-colored cloth from bukhara 25 1680s

baidaka - barge 12 16c

bail - poruka 20 17c

baisa (badge of authority in Mongol administration) 45 1766-68

Bakhtiartsy - Bakhtiarans 45 1766-68

banishment - potok 03 12-13c

bankhaty zolotnye i serebrianye - brocades of gold and silver 45 1766-68

banks watch - beregovaia sluzhba 13 1584-98

banner - khorugv' 06 1389-1462

bannit - anathema 18 16-17c

bannitsieia (Pol. banicja) - excommunication 18 16-17c

Barabinsk Tatars - regional subgroup 23 17c

barge - baidaka, nasad 12 16c

Barkubalovsk Chronicle 15 1606-13

barmi (-y) - stole 06 1389-1462

barmy - a jewel-studded gold collar worn ceremonially by tsars 45 1766-68

barmy - mantle of pearls 08 15c

barque - budara 21 17c

barshchina - labor dues 07 15c

bas-relief - prilep 06 1389-1462

Bashkirs 10 16c

Basilian order of monasticism 15 1606-13

basma - stamp impression 45 1766-68

Bastarnai - tribe 01 9-11c

Bastille prison 48 1772-74

bastion - grebenskii gorodok 21 17c

bath house - kupalnia 13 1584-98

battering ram - taran 06 1389-1462

Bavarians 24

bdenie - vigil 18 16-17c

beacon - koster 06 1389-1462

bear spear - rogticha 06 1389-1462

beaver fur 09 16c

beaver trappers of Vladimir, charter 09 16c

Bee, The, anthology of devotional works 06 1389-1462

beggars and paupers 29 18c

beglyi - fugitive 45 1766-68

bekhterets - breastplate 17 1634-45

bel'mo - wall-eye 21 17c

belaia zemlia - totally private land, allod 06 1389-1462

belfry - kolokol'nia 18 16-17c

Belgorod Horde 34 1730s

Belgrade, treaty of (1739) 48 1772-74

Belovezhtsy - steppe people 02 11-12c

Belyi tsar' - white tsar, title of Russian tsar 46 1768-70

benjamin - ladon rosnyi 21 17c

berdysh - an ancient weapon; a battle axe 45 1766-68

beregovaia sluzhba - banks watch 13 1584-98

bereitor - riding master 45 1766-68

Berendey - tribe 09 16c

Berezov Ostiaks - regional subgroup 23 17c

Berg-reglament - Mining Ordinance 45 1766-68

Berladniks 02 11-12c

Bernardine monks 07 15c

beschest'e - dishonor 45 1766-68

besy - evil spirits 45 1766-68

bez naspu - without interest 12 16c

bez viny - without cause 06 1389-1462

bezadshchina - escheat, a tax 06 1389-1462

bezgolovnoe delo - criminal offense 21 17c

bezlepitsy - hostilities 10 16c

bezsudnaia gramota - judgment by default 12 16c

biaz' - Asiatic, Persian or Bukharan cotton cloth 17 1634-45

Big Woollen Court - bol'shoi sukonnyi dvor - Moscow textile

mill 48 1772-74

bilet - identity card 48 1772-74

bird calls - ptichii grai 06 1389-1462

bishop's cope - mantiia s istochnikami 21 17c

bit'sia na kop'iakh - tilt, joust 45 1766-68

black clergy (monastic) 24

black collection - tribute in marten furs 06 1389-1462

black fever - chernyi nedug 21 17c

"black" lands 15 1606-13

blacksmith - kuznetsky 16 1613-34

blagoslovennaia kunitsa - tithe 12 16c

Blagoslovi Vladyka - "Bless me Lord" 45 1766-68

blockhouse - gorodka 38 1745-48

bliudo - platter 06 1389-1462

bliusti (verb) - care for, guard, regard, to observe laws 06 1389-1462

bludgeon - oslop 06 1389-1462

boards - loan documents 06 1389-1462

bobrovnik - beaver hunter 45 1766-68

bobrovyi gon - beaver lodge 24

Bodrichi (Odobriti) - Slav tribe 01 9-11c

boevsk - border customs office 48 1772-74

bogatyr - folk hero, knight 24

Bogoiavlenie - Epiphany 06 1389-1462

Bogoliubovo Mother of God - Bogoliubskaia bogoroditsa - icon 48 1772-74

Bogoliubskaia bogoroditsa - Bogoliubovo Mother of God 48 1772-74

Bogomil - heresy 45 1766-68

Bogomils 08 15c

bogoradnyi - pleasing to God 45 1766-68

bogorodichnyi khleb-virgin bread 11 16c

boiarskie zemli - boyar land (on which the owner had full rights) 45 1766-68

Bol'shoi sukonnyi dvor - Big Woolen Court 48 1772-74

bol'shaia sokha, "big plow," - unit of land taxation 45 1766-68

Bol'shoi chertezh zemli russkoi -The Great Russian Atlas

of the World 24

bol'shoi posad - main city, suburb, settlement 45 1766-68

Bolgary - Volga Bulgars 04 13-14c

Bolshoy Theater 48 1772-74

bondsman - kholop, slave 15 1606-13

Book of Annals 15 1606-13

Book of Brief Selections on the Nine Muses and the Seven Arts 24

Book of Degrees 35 1730s

Book of Hours - chasoslov 24

Book of Hours - chasovnik 12 16c

book of texts for holy days - torzhestvennik 18 16-17c

Book of the Great Atlas 24

Books of the Apostles - apostol' 18 16-17c

Borovitsky gates 08 15c

bortnyi ukhozhai - apiary 45 1766-68

Borts (borty) - pagan tribe 04 13-14c

Bourbon dynasty 48 1772-74

boxing match - kulachnyi boi 13 1584-98

boyar - the boyar, Prince Andrei; Boyar Prince Andrei 45 1766-68

boyare szliachta - gentry (West Russia) 45 1766-68

boyars of Moscow principality - boiare 08 15c

bozhestvennoe penie - early term for church service 06 1389-1462

Bozhnitsa - chapel 02 12c

Brabantsy - duchy of Brabant, i.e., Flemish, Brabançons 45 1766-68

brachnoe blagoslovenie - sacrament of marriage 18 16-17c

bratchina - feast 06 1389-1462

bratskaia bratina - communal wine bowl 21 17c

brazhniki - revelers, carousers 45 1766-68

bream - leshch 21 17c

breastworks (fortification) - pershi 06 1389-1462

Breslau, treaty of 38 1745-48

Brest, Diet of 09 16c

Brest, Union of 15 1606-13

brewer 29 18c

bride price - veno 01 9-11c

bride show 09 16c

bridge tolls - mostovshchina 13 1584-98

brigands and brigandage 29 18c

bubonic plague 48 1772-74

buckwheat - grechevnaia krupa 21 17c

buda - pitch hut 21 17c

budara - barque 21 17c

bugai - mantle (clothing) 06 1389-1462

bui - empty spaces around churches 07 15c

Buintsy - Siberian nomadic people 11 16c

buivol - bison 45 1766-68

Bukharans 24

bulava - mace (on insignia office of ukranian hetmen) 25 1680s

bulava - mace, staff 45 1766-68

Bulgar 07 15c

Bulgarians 24

Bulgars (Volga) 10 16c

bumagi khlopchatye - raw cotton 17 1634-45

bunchuk - horsetail standard of Ukrainian hetmen 25 1680s

Buriats - Siberian ethnic group 23 17c

burnt clearing - gar' 06 1389-1462

burse - antimins 06 1389-1462

Burtasi (Mordva) - tribe 01 9-11c

busurman - infidel 20 17c

butovyi kamen' - ashlar 13 1584-98

by the keg - kufami 13 1584-98

byliny - epic poetry or tales 45 1766-68

bytown- prigorod 14 1598-1606

Byzantine empire 07 15c

cabbage patch - ogorod 13 1584-98

cadastral survey, records, books - pistsovye knigi 15 1606-13

cadastre, cadaster - land survey used to determine tax rate 45 1766-68

cadets - younger sons 34 1730s

cadi 09 16c

camphor - kanfora 21 17c

canon (list of saints) - ulozhen'e 17 1634-45

canon law (Roman) 09 16c

cap - kaptura 21 17c

Caps (Swedish political faction) - kolpaki 38 1745-48

Cardis, Treaty of. Use Kardis 24

cargo ship - nasad 21 17c

cargo warehouse - nasadnyi dvor 21 17c

Carinthians - Khorutane 01 9-11c

carnelian - serdolichnyi 06 1389-1462

carp broth - karas' ushnyi 21 17c

cash bond - chistaia poruka 12 16c

cash dues - denezhnye dokhody 14 1598-1606

castle - zamok 13 1584-98

castration heresy - skoptsy 48 1772-74

catachuments - pripadaiushchie 11 16c

cathedral - Dormition cathedral; cathedral of the Annunciation, etc. 45

cathedral square 25 1680s

Catholic church - kostël 15 1606-13

Catholic church, (the) 45 1766-68

Catholics, Catholicism 15 1606-13

Caucasian family - linguistic group 23 17c

causus foederis - sluchai soiuza 38 1745-48

cavalry - konnitsa 15 1606-13

census - reviziia 38 1745-48

census of the clergy 09 16c

century, the fifteenth, etc 45 1766-68

ceremonial - chin 21 17c

certificate of manumission - otpusknaia 15 1606-13

certification - doklad 12 16c

Chahar-Kas - four Kas clans (Circassians) 45 1766-68

chalice - chasha 06 1389-1462

chalma - turban 18 16-17c

chamois leather - kozha losinnaia 13 1584-98

chancery - a chancellors office; use chancellery 45 1766-68

chandlery - moskatel'nye tovary 17 1634-45

chapel - krestovaia 21 17c

chara - goblet 06 1389-1462

charge - napusk 21 17c

charter of ecclesiatical immunity - tarkhan, tarkhannaia gramota 15 1606-13

Charter of the Academy - Privilegii Akademii 25 1680s

chase, the tsar's - lovchii put 14 1598-1606

chasha - chalice 06 1389-1462

chasoslov - Book of Hours 45 1766-68

chasovnik - Book of Hours 12 16c

chasovnik - horologer 45 1766-68

chastnaia audientsiia - private audience 18 16-17c

chastnye prava - rights of private persons 06 1389-1462

Chasy - Holy hours 25 1680s

checkpoint - zastava 18 16-17c

chekak (chekan) - mace 06 1389-1426

chekh - token 26 1690s

cheliad - household slaves (collectively) 45 1766-68

chelo - ornamental headpiece 06 1389-1462

chelobitiia - a petition or form of petition 45 1766-68

chelobitnaia - petition 06 1389-1462

chelobitnik - petitioner 06 1389-1462

chelom udarit' - pay one's respects 14 1598-1606

Cheremiss 29 18c

Cherkassians - Cherkasy (Ukrainians) 18 16-17c

Cherkasskaia doroga - main route from Circassian lands to Russia 23 17c

Cherkasy - Cherkassians (Ukrainians) 18 16-17c

Cherkes(y) - Circassians 24

chern - the common people or menials 45 1766-68

chernye zemli - state, government lands 06 1389-1462

cherny bor - a form of tax 45 1766-68

chernye klobuki - Karakalpaks 03 12-13c

chernye kolpaki - Karakalpaks 02 11-12c

chernye zemli - black land (crown land in Muscovy) 45 1766-68

chernyi klobuk - Karakalpaks 02 12c

chernyi nedug - black fever 21 17c

chernyi peredel - redistribution of land 07 15c

chertezh - draft, map 45 1766-68

chervivaia bolezn' - parasitical infection 21 17c

chervonnye zolotye - ducats (Pol.) 26 1690s

chestno - respectfully 06 1389-1462

chestno i grozno - in esteem and respect 45 1766-68

chestnoi - holy, sacred 06 1389-1462

Cheti Minei - Readings for the Month 35 1730s

chetvertnaia pashnia - a quarter acreage, quarter plowland field 12 16c

chetvertnye yamskie (den'gi) - quarter post tax 25 1680s

cheval-de-frise - rogatki - barrier constructed of pickets 48 1772-74

chikhir - Persian grape drink 23 17c

chin - ceremonial, ritual 21 17c

chinsh - a tax on land in West Russia 45 1766-68

chistaia poruka - cash bond 12 16c

choir (part of a church building) - kliros 06 1389-1462

chopbashi - type of obligation for land use in

Armenia/Azerbaidzhan 07 15c

Chrismologion 24

Christendom, Orthodox 14 1598-1606

Christian commonwealth 09 16c

Christianity 24

Christmas - rozhdestvo Khristovo 18 16-17c

Chronicle of Many Rebellions 15 1606-13

Chronicles and Narrative sources 15 1606-13

Chronograph 15 1606-13

Chronograph of 1617 - chronicle 14 1598-1606

Chronograph of the Third Redaction 14 1598-1606

Chrysostom commentaries 09 16c

Chud - Estonian tribe 04 13-14c

Chud-Tormy - people 03 12-13c

Chudotvorets - miracle worker; Peter the Miracle Worker 45 1766-68

chudotvortsevyi mëd-miracle workers' mead 11 16c

Chukchi - Siberian ethnic group 23 17c

Chukhony - Finnic tribe around Novgorod 17 1634-45

chuma/chumka - ladle, dipper 06 1389-1462

chuprun - woman's caftan 06 1389-1462

Church - Russian Orthodox church 09 16c

Church Council, the - a church council 25 1680s

Church Fathers, the 25 1680s

Church Slavonic 45 1766-68

church vestments - indit'ia 06 1389-1462

Chuvashi - Chuvash (tribe) sing. & pl 45 1766-68

chuzhoi - unallied (said of boyars), alien, foreign 06 1389-1462

Circassians -Cherkesy 24

circular - okruzhnaia gramota 17 1634-45

circumcision - obrezan'e 18 16-17c

citadel - gorodnicha 17 1634-45

citadel - kreml' 04 13-14c

citadel - krepost' 20 17c

city taxes - zamytnaia poshlina 13 1584-98

club (weapon) - oslop 06 1389-1462

Code - the Code of 1649; the Law Code; Commercial Code

of 1765 45 1766-68

Code of Precedence - mestnichestvo 14 1598-1606

codicil - dopolnitel'naia zapis', pribavka 15 1606-13

Collection of State Documents and Treaties 15 1606-13

Collection of the Imperial Russian Historical Society 15 1606-13

Collège de France 24

colonies - kolonii 48 1772-74

Colored Triode (tsvetnaia trioda) - book printed by I.A. Nevezhin 14 1598-1606

comb honey - mëd-syrets 21 17c

command - zakaz 48 1772-74

commercial duties - torgovye poshliny 13 1584-98

commercial enterprise - promysel 06 1389-1462

Common Readings (Obshchaia Mineia) 15 1606-13

Commonwealth (Polish) - Rzeczpospolita 15 1606-13

communal property - obchina 04 13-14c

communal wine bowl 21 17c

communion loaves 25 1680s

company - rota 20 17c

Complete Collection of Russian Chronicles - Polnoe sobranie

russkikh letopisei 15 1606-13

conciliar nobles (dumnye dvoriane) 15 1606-13

condottieri 24

Confederated Diet (Poland) 48 1772-74

Confederation of Bar - Polish union opposed to Russia 48 1772-74

confirmatory charter - utverzhdennaia gramota 16 1613-34

confirmed slavery document - doklad 12 16c

confrontment - svod (vernadsky mrl) 01 9-11c

conscription - russian army, recruitment for 48 1772-74

consilium - konsilium 38 1745-48

contraband - zapovednye tovary 13 1584-98

contract - riad 04 13-14c

copper riots in Moscow 24

corruption - lakomstvo 23 17c

corvées - zemskie povinnosti 13 1584-98

cossack military fraternity 24

cossack tsar - impostor (False Dmitry II) 24

cossackdom 14 1598-1606

cossacks - cossacks, Don Cossacks 07 15c

cost(s) - izderzhka 06 1389-1462

Council of Constance 06 1389-1462

Council of Florence 07 15c

Council of the Hundred Chapters 24

Council of Trent 11 16c

Counter-Reformation - Tridentinskii Sobor 11 16c

courier service - yama 15 1606-13

courier tax - progonnye den'gi 15 1606-13

court infantry - nadvornaia pekhota 25 1680s

court of Saxony - court of 45 1766-68

Court of the Exchequer (England) 14 1598-1606

Court of Yaroslav; see Yaroslav 07 15c

court village - dvortsovoe selo 14 1598-1606

craft guilds - tsekhi 48 1772-74

crafty - lukavyi 23 17c

Creation of the World, The, book 06 1389-1462

creed, the - prayer 25 1680s

Crimean Cossacks 10 16c

Crimean Horde 45 1766-68

Crimean khan 34 1730s

Crimean Tatars 24

Crimeans 10 16c

criminal offense - bezgolovnoe delo 21 17c

Croatians 06 1389-1462

Croats 24

crown service registers - razriady 13 1584-98

crucian (yellow fish like a carp) - karas' 21 17c

cuirass - body armor reaching to waist with breast and back plate 45 1766-68

culverin - gakovnitsa 18 16-17c

culverin - pushechka 13 1584-98

Cumans - see Polovetsians 01 9-11c

cupola - kupol 18 16-17c

customs house - tamozhnia (tamozhnaia) 48 1772-74

Customs Statute 24

Czechs 08 15c

Czech Slavs 06 1389-1462

Dadiani - dynasty of Mingrelian (Georgian) rulers 23 17c

dam - greblia 06 1389-1462

damask merchant - demenskii kupchina 12 16c

damnation - prokliatie 06 1389-1462

dan' - tribute 13 1584-98

Danes 10 16c

dani - taxes (contributors?) 24

Dannye (den'gi) -direct tax 25 1680s

Danubian principalities 48 1772-74

dar - gift 45 1766-68

dar (dan') - direct taxes 06 1389-1462

Daurs - Siberian ethnic group 23 17c

Davnost - prescriptive term for claims 45 1766-68

Day - St. Nicholas (etc) Day; Christmas Day, etc. 45 1766-68

decorative collar - ozherel'itse 13 1584-98

decree - dekret 18 16-17c

decree - ukaz 38 1745-48

dedichi - those who claimed estates from their ancestors 07 15c

deed - pravaia gramota 15 1606-13

deed of purchase - krepost' 21 17c

deisus - icons 08 15c

deisus - triptych depicting Savior, Mother of God and John the Baptist 06 1389-1462

dekret - decree 18 16-17c

del'naia gramota - allocation document 12 16c

den' uspeniia - Feast of the Dormition 38 1745-48

den'gi kazennye - treasury money, public funds 12 16c

den'gi, dannye - direct taxes 24

den'gi, pishchal'nye - arquebus taxes 24

denezhnye dokhody - cash dues 14 1598-1606

denial of blessing - neblagoslovenie 06 1389-1462

derevnia - hamlet (sometimes village) 06 1389-1462

dern' - possession, something privately owned 06 1389-1462

derzhat' (verb) - to heed 06 1389-1462

description - izvestie 06 1389-1462

desert fathers, writings of 09 16c

desiataia chast' - ten-percent tax 48 1772-74

desiatinnaia denga - tenth money, military levy of one tenth

income on townsmen and merchants 25 1680s

desiatiny, desiatinnaia pashnia -the tsar's tithe 17 1634-45

desiatnia (voiskovoi spisok) - military roll 24

designs - primysly 06 1389-1462

dest - quire (of paper) 24

destiatinnye soboli - tithing in sable pelts 45 1766-68

detinets - an inner fortress or kremlin, citadel 07 15c

Deulino - treaty of 24

devastation - opustoshenie 06 1389-1462

diaklo - a tax in kind on peasants (West Russia) (Diaglo?) 45 1766-68

Diet of Grodno 09 16c

Diet of Vilna (1507) - use Wilno 09 16c

digamist - dvoezhenets 12 16c

dikaia vira - wild bloodwite 01 9-11c

diplomatic revolution, the 48 1772-74

dipper - chuma, chumka, kovsh 06 1389-1462

direct tax - dannye (den'gi) 25 1680s

disarray - neustroistvo 06 1389-1462

disfavor, disgrace - opala 13 1584-98

distinguished - znatnyi 06 1389-1462

district - uezd 48 1772-74

dividing booty among cossacks - duvan 21 17c

do dvukh zhivotov - grant of land for two "lives" 45 1766-68

do trekh zhivotov - grant of land for three "lives" 45 1766-68

do zhivota - grant of land for one "life" 45 1766-68

dobrovol'noe kholopstvo - voluntary bondage 15 1606-13

dobryi - upstanding, worthy 06 1389-1462

docking fee - posazhennoe 13 1584-98

dogma - verouchenie 18 16-17c

doimka - arrears, deficiency, shortage 45 1766-68

doimochnye den'gi - arrears 21 17c

doklad - certification 12 16c

doklad - confirmed slavery document 12 16c

doklad - revision 12 16c

dokladnaia gramota - document from a lower official to

a higher one for confirmation 45 1766-68

dokladnaia gramota - validation charter 12 16c

dolnitsa - landed property; measure of land in a valley 45 1766-68

Domostroi - The Household Manager 24

domra - musical instrument similar to mandolin 23 17c

Don Cossacks 24

donor (to monastery) - vkladchik 17 1634-45

dopolnitel'naia zapis' - codicil 15 1606-13

Dormition of the Mother of God, feast of - uspenie (August 15) 24

Dorofey - treaties of 08 15c

dorogi - striped cloths 17 1634-45

dospekhi sploshnye - continuous armor; chain mail 45 1766-68

dostat' sebe zipuny - to earn a living 18 16-17c

dovodchich - fees from churchmen who held civil positions 08 15c

dowry contract - venovaia zapis' 15 1606-13

drannitsa - lath 21 17c

Dregovichi - tribe 01 9-11c

Dresden, Treaty of 38 1745-48

Drevliane - tribe 01 9-11c

drevo sakharnoe - sugar wood 21 17c

Druses 48 1772-74

duby - Zaporozhian boats 46 1768-70

Duchers - Siberian ethnic group 23 17c

dukhovnitsa - storehouse for church paraphernalia 06 1389-1462

dukhovnyi - ecclesiastic(al) 45 1766-68

Dukhovnyi Reglament - Use EcclesiasticalStatute Book of

Canon Law; Ecclesiastical Statute - Peter I 48 1772-74

dulo - muzzle 45 1766-68

dues - poshliny 13 1584-98

dungeon - temnitsa 13 1584-98

Dutch mercenaries 15 1606-13

duvan - dividing booty among cossacks 21 17c

Dvina charter 09 16c

dvoeperstie - joining of two fingers (in making sign of the cross) 45 1766-68

dvoeverie - double-faith 45 1766-68

dvoezhenets - digamist (not bigamist) 12 16c

dvoiurodny vnuk - second cousin 12 16c

dvor - court, office; as slonovy dvor = slonovy court; residence 45 1766-68

dvorets - palace; office of administration of palace land 45 1766-68

dvorianstvo - nobility. After Table of Ranks (1722) use gentry

or service gentry 45 1766-68

dvorovoe mesto - dwelling 12 16c

dwelling - dvorovoe mesto 12 16c

dyarchy 24

Dzhambuluky Tatars 46 1768-70

earn a living - dostat' sebe zipuny 18 16-17c

earthen rampart, earthen breastworks wall around

Moscow - zemlianyi val 48 1772-74

East/east: east - direction; East - region, culture or people.

Same for west/West 45 1766-68

Ecclesiastical Statute -Dukhovnyi reglament 48 1772-74

economic - ekonomicheskie 48 1772-74

Edichkul horde - Tatars in Crimea 48 1772-74

edict signed personally by emperor/empress - imennoi prikaz 37 1741-44

edinomyshlenniki - confederates, fellow believers 45 1766-68

Edisan horde - Crimean Tatars 48 1772-74

ekonomicheskie - economic 48 1772-74

ekonomii - economy 48 1772-74

ektenia - lengthy liturgical prayer, litany 08 15c

elders - zhilye liudi 06 1389-1462

embankment - greblia 06 1389-1462

Emperor - Holy Roman emperor 09 16c

Empire - Holy Roman empire; Russian empire 45 1766-68

enamel - finift' 06 1389-1462

encampment - oboz 20 17c

encampment (Tatar) - ulus 13 1584-98

encyclical - okruzhnoe poslanie 06 1389-1462

Encyclopedists 48 1772-74

Engineers Castle 48 1772-74

England and Ireland, king of 09 16c

English 10 16c

English Court, in Moscow 24

entrance fee - podat' za vkhod 18 16-17c

épaulière - official seal 45 1766-68

epileptic seizure - pripadka paduchei bolezni 13 1584-98

Epiphany - Bogoiavlenie 06 1389-1462

epitemia - public pennance 07 15c

epitrakhili - priestly stoles 08 15c

escort - pristav 15 1606-13

Estonians 34 1730s

"Eternal memory" - vechnaia pamiat' (litany for deceased) 06 1389-1462

Eucharist 48 1772-74

evangeliia - gospel book 18 16-17c

everez - type of obligation for land use in Armenia/Azerbaidzhan 07 15c

excommunication - bannitsieia (Pol. banicja) 18 16-17c

expenses - protori, protory 06 1389-1462

extended chant - narechnoe 21 17c

extradition - perevod 06 1389-1462

extraordinary imposts 24

ez - fisheries 06 1389-1462

ezd - travel stipend 12 16c

falconry 09 16c

false accusation - poklep 06 1389-1462

false evidence - podmet 06 1389-1462

Fast of the Holy Apostles 48 1772-74

fastening (on clothes) - kaptorga 06 1389-1462

Father - God the Father 06 1389-1462

feast - bratchina 06 1389-1462

Feast of the Dormition 25 1680s

felled timber line 35 1730s

feriaz - loose tunic; ceremonial caftan 23 17c

fermented mare's milk - kumis 04 13-14c

ferry toll - perevoz 13 1584-98

fetters - okovy 20 17c

fiery furnace 24

fifteenth money - piatnadtsataia denga. tax of 15th of income for

military campaigns 25 1680s

fifths - piatinnye den'gi 16 1613-34

fine - pen' 15 1606-13

finift' - enamel 06 1389-1462

Finnish tribes 07 15c

Finno-Ugrians - ethnic and linguistic group 23 17c

Finns 24

firearms - snariad ognestrel'nyi 13 1584-98

firman - charter (Turkish) 45 1766-68

first fruits - nachatok 21 17c

First Partition of Poland 48 1772-74

First Pskov Chronicle 06 1389-1462

fisheries - ez 06 1389-1462

flatboat - nasad 06 1389-1462

Florentine Union 07 15c

ford toll - perevoz 13 1584-98

forecourt - perednia 14 1598-1606

forecourt - podvore 25 1680s

forest - les 48 1772-74

forest lop 08 15c

Forgiveness Sunday, feast of 24

formal audience - torzhestvennaia audientsiia 18 16-17c

fortification - ukreplenie 15 1606-13

fortified town - kromnyi gorod 06 1389-1462

Forum, Roman 48 1772-74

fosse - greblia 06 1389-1462

foundries - mel'nitsy zheleznye 13 1584-98

Fourth Novgorod Chronicle 15 1606-13

France, king of 09 16c

Franciscan Order 07 15c

Franki - Franks 24

Frankontsy - Franconians 24

frantsuzskaia vodka - French liqueurs 48 1772-74

free departure, right of 24

free years - urochnye leta 15 1606-13

freemasonry, freemasons 48 1772-74

French army 48 1772-74

French liqueurs - frantsuzskaia vodka 48 1772-74

French Revolution 48 1772-74

friagi - Italians, foreigners in general 06 1389-1462

friazhskii - foreign, imported 06 1389-1462

frivolous, fickle - vertoglavyi 23 17c

Frolishchev hermitage - Frolishcheva pustyn' 48 1772-74

fugitive peasants, laws on 15 1606-13

funeral mass - obednia zaupokoinaia 13 1584-98

fur tribute - iasak 14 1598-1606

furs 08 15c

gabions - tury 16 1613-34

gaidamak(i) - haidamaks 45 1766-68

gains - primysly 06 1389-1462

gakovnitsa - culverin 18 16-17c

galanochki - toys 18 16-17c

gall nuts - oreshki chernil'nye 17 1634-45

galley - katorga 13 1584-98

Gamberger - Hamburger (man from Hamburg) 45 1766-68

gar' - burnt clearing 06 1389-1462

garach - tribute 23 17c

gate - the Vladimir gate, etc 45 1766-68

geenna - hell 18 16-17c

gelding - merin 13 1584-98

Genoese 06 1389-1462

Gens 24

Gepids - people 46 1768-70

gerb - coat of arms 45 1766-68

Gerbovaia bumaga - heraldic paper, stamped paper 45 1766-68

German Law; see Magdeburg Law 07 15c

Germans (meaning foreigners) 10 16c

Getae - tribe 01 9-11c

gil' - riot 21 17c

gingerbread - kovrishka (kovrizhka) 21 17c

Glukhov articles (1669) - glukhovskie stat'i 25 1680s

Glukhovskie stat'i - Glukhov articles (1669) 25 1680s

goblet - chara, kubok 06 1389-1462

godfather to one's child(ren) - kum 02 12c

Golden Horde 14 1598-1606

Goliad - Lithuanian tribe 01 9-11c

golodnye gody - hungry years 14 1598-1606

golova - head count 12 16c

golova, zasechnyi - frontier officer 24

golova, zhitichnyi - granary officer 24

golovshchina - head tax 13 1584-98

golovshchina - murder and the fine for murder 12 16c

golshtinskii - Holstein(er) 45 1766-68

gordodnya - wall. See Ogorodnya 45 1766-68

goreloe vino or gorelka - vodka 45 1766-68

gorilka, horilka - distilled spirits (Ukr,) 20 17c

gornitsa - private apartments, upper story 12 16c

gornostal'nye den'gi - ermine impost tax 12 16c

gornozavodskii ustav - mining and metal works statute 35 1730s

gornye zavody - mine and metal works 35 1730s

gornyi ustav - Mining Statute 35 1730s

gorod - city, town or district (context) 24

Gorodets Tatars 09 16c

Gorodische - an old town site 07 15c

gorodka - blockhouse 38 1745-48

Gorodlo (Horod¬o) convention 06 1389-1462

gorodit' - to fence or wall in 45 1766-68

gorodka - fort, blockhouse 16 1613-34

gorodnicha - citadel 17 1634-45

gorodok - a small fortified town 07 15c

gorodovoe delo - town works 45 1766-68

gortsy - mountain people 16 1613-34

gospel book - evengaliia 18 16-17c

gospozhin den' - feast of Dormition 12 16c

gostinoe - a tax on foreign merchant storehouses 08 15c

gostinyi dom - a merchant guest house 08 15c

gostinyi dvor - commercial merchant's hall 24

gosudareva pashnia- lands plowed for the sovereign 45 1766-68

gosudarevo delo - "affairs of the sovereign," i.e. state

affairs, crown business 45 1766-68

gosudarevye dvortsovye - court servitors. See also dvorovnye liudi 24

gosudarskii uboitsa i koromolnik - armed revolt against the sovereign 45 1766-68

gosudarstvennaia gramota - authorization papers 23 17c

gosudarstvennaia pechat' - royal seal 15 1606-13

Goths 06 1389-1462

government lands - chernye zemli 06 1389-1462

gradskie zakony - municipal statutes 18 16-17c

gramota - charter, rescript, letter, document 45 1766-68

gramota imennaia - personal charter 12 16c

gramota otpusknaia - letter of commendation 12 16c

gramota pravaia - trial record 12 16c

gramota, obnadezhival'maia - charter of assurance 21 17c

gramota, proshchal'naia - valedictory charter 21 17c

gramota, zhalovannaia - charter of privileges 21 17c

granat - shell, grenade 45 1766-68

Great Nakaz - Velikii nakaz - Catherine's instruction of 1767 48 1772-74

Great Northern War 45 1766-68

Great sovereign 24

Grebensk Cossacks 14 1598-1606

grebenskii gorodok - bastion 21 17c

greblia - fosse, dam, embankment 06 1389-1462

grechevnaia krupa - buckwheat 21 17c

greed - lakomstvo 23 17c

Greek - the Greek church, empire etc 45 1766-68

"Greek Project" 48 1772-74

Greeks 10 16c

gridnia - reception hall 12 16c

grify - griffins 01 9-11c

grivna - breastpiece, also money 06 1389-1462

Groß-Jägersdorf - battle 48 1772-74

grozno (adv.) - in dread, esteem, fear 45 1766-68

Grozny - awe-inspiring, threatening 45 1766-68

grubost' - barbarity 45 1766-68

guarantor - poruchitel' 06 1389-1462

guardianship - opeka 13 1584-98

gubnaia gramota - criminal statute 12 16c

guliai-gorod - malvoisin, mobile fortress 15 1606-13

Gurians - Caucasian ethnic group 23 17c

gusli - musical instrument similar to psaltery 23 17c

Guvna(s) 45 1766-68

haidamaks 35 1730s

Häme, Iam' - Finnic tribe 02 12c

hamster - khomiak 25 1680s

Hangö - battle 48 1772-74

Hanseatic League 14 1598-1606

Hats - Swedish political faction - shliapy 48 1772-74

head count - golova 12 16c

head of cabbage - kochan kapusty 21 17c

head tax - golovshchina 13 1584-98

Health-giving chalice 14 1598-1606

hearth tax - podymnoe 15 1606-13

hell - geenna 16 16-17c

heraldry 48 1772-74

heresy of the Judaizers 45 1766-68

hermitage - pustyn' 48 1772-74

Hermitage, The - Catherine II's art collection 48 1772-74

Heruli - tribe 01 9-11c

heterodox - inovernyi 06 1389-1462

hiermologians - religious hymnals 08 15c

Highland Cheremiss 10 16c

hired - vol'nonaemnye 48 1772-74

Historia Troiana - Troianskaia istoriia 24

Historical Acts collected and edited by the

Archeographical Commissions 15 1606-13

History of Job, the first patriarch in Russia 14 1598-1606

History of the Tsars - book 24

Holstein - Oldenburg exchange treaty (1767) 48 1772-74

Holy - Roman empire; Synod; Trinity Day; Scripture; the

Holy Church 45 1772-74

Holy Church, the 25 1680s

Holy Cross fortress 34 1730s

Holy fool 09 16c

Holy hours - chasy 25 1680s

Holy League, the (against Turks) 25 1680s

Holy Mother Church, the 25 1680s

Holy Saturday - strastnaia subbota 18 16-17c

Holy Scripture 25 1680s

Holy Spirit 06 1389-1462

Holy Trinity - miraculous icon 15 1606-13

Holy Week - strastnaia nedelia 16 1613-34

Holy Week - sviataia nedelia 48 1772-74

honey syrup - patoka na med 21 17c

Horde - the Crimean Horde; the horde of Kazan; the Horde 45 1766-68

Horde pence - Lithuanian tribute to Crimean Tatars 09 16c

hostage - amanat 16 1613-34

House(s) of Bourbon (and Austria) - house of 45 1766-68

Household Manager - domostroi 14 1598-1606

Hubertusburg, Peace of 48 1772-74

Hungarians - Hungarian mercenaries of Stefan Bathory 11 16c

hungry years - golodnye gody 14 1598-1606

Huns 24

hurdles - plety 16 1613-34

Hussites 07 15c

Hyperboreans 01 9-11c

ialovitsa - sterile cow or sheep 06 1389-1462

iam - tax for upkeep of way stations 06 1389-1462

Iam', Häme - Finnic tribe 02 12c

iamskie den'gi - postal taxes 13 1584-98

iasak - fur tribute 14 1598-1606

iashchik - strongbox 06 1389-1462

iavka - notice to the local liquor admin. of intention to prepare

alcoholic beverages 24

iavka - registration fee 13 1584-98

iavlennaia kunitsa - tithe 12 16c

iavochny poshliny - alcoholic beverage preparation tax 24

iaz' - ide (fish) 21 17c

Ice Palace 35 1730s

Icon-painters' Row - Moscow street 14 1598-1606

icons 08 15c

ide (fish) - iaz' 21 17c

identity card - bilet 48 1772-74

ikon - picture (sacred). use "icon" 45 1766-68

ikrylosa - church gallery 14 1598-1606

imeniny - name day 16 1613-34

imennoi prikaz - edict signed personally by emperor/empress 37 1741-44

Imereti - Georgian people 46 1768-70

Immunity charters - l'gotnye gramoty 14 1598-1606

imnitye liudi - distinguished citizens, eminent people 45 1766-68

imperial - the imperial court; imperial family 45 1766-68

imperial edict 48 1772-74

imperial emblem - keiserflag 46 1768-70

imperium (latin) - principle of the ruler's supreme power 45 1766-68

incense - ladana 17 1634-45

indemnity - okup 06 1389-1462

indenture - kabala 15 1606-13

indit'ia - church vestments 06 1389-1462

industry - promysel 06 1389-1462

infidel - busurman 20 17c

informant - skhodnik, yazyk 15 1606-13

information - izvestie 06 1389-1462

inn - podvor'e 13 1584-98

inovernyi - heterodox 06 1389-1462

inquest - rozysk 13 1584-98

instructions - nakaz 16 1613-34

interregnum - mezhdutsarstvie 13 1584-98

investigation orders - sysknaia gramota 23 17c

investigatory report - sledstvennoe delo 13 1584-98

iskunnoe - a tax on furs 08 15c

Islam 07 15c

Islamic law 48 1772-74

Isosifliane - Josephans, church doctrine 45 1766-68

ispolov'e - condition of tenant farming 06 1389-1462

istevye iski - plaintiff's fees 12 16c

iuft - soft leather 37 1741-44

iurt - tent 26 1690s

"Ivan Khmelnitsky" - John Barleycorn (inebriation) 26 1690s

Ivangorod inhabitants - Ivangorodtsy 10 16c

Ivangorodtsy - Ivangorod inhabitants 10 16c

izderzhka - cost(s), shortfall 06 1389-1462

izvestie - description, note, information 06 1389-1462

izvod - clearing oneself from accusation of theft by indicating from whom the item in question was received 06 1389-1462

Jagiellonian dynasty 06 1389-1462

Jesuit college in Braunsberg 24

Jesuits 20 17c

Jewish quarter - Zhudovskii gorod 20 17c

Jordan - conduit or pool 23 17c

Judaizers - heretical sect 08 15c

Judgment by default - bezsudnaia gramota 12 16c

Judicial office - zemskii dvor, zemskaia izba 15 1606-13

jumping rank, overriding - zaezd 06 1389-1462

kabak - tavern. See also kruzhechnyi dvor 24

kabala - indenture 15 1606-13

Kabardins - Caucasian ethnic group 23 17c

kabatskie den'gi - tavern duties 16 1613-34

Kachins - Siberian ethnic group 23 17c

kadilo - censer 16 1613-34

Kaftan - caftan 45 1766-68

Kaisak-Kirghiz - regional ethnic subgroup 23 17c

Kalmyks - people 29 18c

kamen'e - precious stones 06 1389-1462

kamennaia budka - stone guard house 21 17c

kamka - silk brocade 06 1389-1462

kamki - silks 24

kandaly - shackles 20 17c

Kanev Cossacks 09 16c

kanfora - camphor 21 17c

Kangar - Central Asian nomads 01 9-11c

Kantseliaristskii - clerical 35

kaptorga - fastening (on clothes) 06 1389-1462

kaptura - cap 21 17c

Karakalpaks - chernye klobuki, chernye kolpaki 02 11-12c

karas' - crucian (yellow fish like a carp) 21 17c

karas' ushnyi - carp broth 21 17c

karavai - round loaves 12 16c

karazeia - a coarse material of sparse texture used for lining coats 37 1741-44

karbas - large high-sided sea-going boat for transporting

freight (White Sea) 06 1389-1462

Karelians 02 11-12c

Karlowitz - Treaty of 35 1730s

kasha - a dish of cooked grain 07 15c

kasha - wedding feast 06 1389-1462

kashtelian-castellan (Polish-Lithuanian term) 11 16c

Kasimov Tatars 15 1606-13

katorga - galley 13 1584-98

Kazan inhabitants - Kazantsy 10 16c

Kazan Road - main route from Kazan to Russia 23 17c

Kazantsy - Kazan inhabitants 10 16c

kazennyi pogreb - crown (state) storehouse/ depot 45 1766-68

keep - terem (also tower court) 01 9-11c

keiserflag - imperial emblem 46 1768-70

Kerels - Siberian ethnic group 23 17c

Kerzhensk Old Believer settlements 29 18c

kettledrums - litvary 16 1613-34

Khants - Siberian ethnic group 23 17c

kharch - meat, foodstuffs, expenses 21 17c

kharcheva - tavern 17 1634-45

Khazars 01 9-11c

khiromdnia - ordination (of ecclessiastics); instruction 37 1741-44

khleb - grain (not only bread) 06 1389-1462

Khlysty heresy 48 1772-74

khlytsy - flagellants 45 1766-68

khokholok - topknot 12 16c

kholop tvoi - form used in petitions by service people of all status 45 1766-68

Kholopgorod fair 09 16c

khomiak - hamster 25 1680s

khorugv' - banner 06 1389-1462

Khorutane - Carinthians 01 9-11c

Khorvaty - Croatians 08 15c

khozhenoe - messenger's wage, judicial escort fee 12 16c

khrestianin - Christian. In Old Russia, also peasant 45 1766-68

khronograf - chronograph 45 1766-68

khronograf - survey of universal history 35 1730s

kibitka - cart (military use) 35 1730s

kichka - tiara worn by married women 06 1389-1462

kii - rod, cane stick 12 16c

kika - woman's headgear 45 1766-68

kiln - pech' 13 1584-98

kindiak - red calico or sarafan 17 1634-45

Kirghiz - people 45 1766-68

Kirghiz-Keseks - people 46 1768-70

kiseia - thin rare cloth, originally made in India out of vegetable

fibres, now cotton 17 17c

kisten' - bludgeon 45 1766-68

kiver - shako (headgear) 06 1389-1462

kizilbashskii - Persian 13 1584-98

kleinoty (literally 'precious things' from Polish kleinot) - insignia 20 17c

klet' - log framework 12 16c

klet' - storehouse 06 1389-1462

klikushi - people subject to uncontrollable fits of screaming; possessed, hysterical women 24

kliros - choir (part of a church building) 06 1389-1462

kliuchnitsa - storehouse 06 1389-1462

Kniga "Bolshoi chertezh" - The Book on the Great Atlas. See

also "Bolshoi chertezh zemli russkoi" 24

knout - knut 48 1772-74

kochan kapusty - head of cabbage 21 17c

kokh - woolen overcoat 06 1389-1462

kolchuga - chain mail, chain armor, hauberk 45 1766-68

kolia - stakes 12 16c

koliada - winter solstice festival 45 1766-68

kolokol'nia - belfry 18 16-17c

kolokola - weights; bells in different context 06 1389-1462

kolonii - colonies 48 1772-74

kolpak - cap 45 1766-68

kolpaki - Hats (Swedish faction) 38 1745-48

koltka - jewelry 06 1389-1462

komara - apse 06 1389-1462

komasacja (Polish) - process of consolidation of landholdings 45 1766-68

Komi. See Zyrians 14 1598-1606

Kommentarii akademii - Transactions of the Academy 35 1730s

komygi - footwear 06 1389-1462

konfederatsionnyi akt - act of confederation 15 1606-13

konsilium - consilium 38 1745-48

kop'e - spear, lance 45 1766-68

kopeika - lance 45 1766-68

kopevidnyi - spear-shaped, lancet-shaped 45 1766-68

kopshchizna - excise 12 16c

korabel'nyi pristan' - mooring 16 1613-34

Koran 25 1680s

korchma - inn, tavern 45 1766-68

korchna - illegal sales of alcoholic bevrages 37 1741-44

Koriaks - Siberian ethnic group 23 17c

korm - payment to local officials in foodstuffs 07 15c

Kormchaia Kniga - "the Pilot Book," digest of church canons and law 45 1766-68

kormikh - carved prow of medieval ships designed to frighten enemies 45 1766-68

kormlenie - maintenance (of crown officials by local populace) 45 1766-68

kormlenie - form of remuneration to local administrator 45 1766-68

kormlenie i puti - grant of land and its residents made by princes to boyars in recognition of their services 06 1389-1462

kormovye den'gi pomesiachno bez perevoda - direct monthly

subsistence deduction 16 1613-34

kormy - provisioning 16 1613-34

koromolnik - a seditionary 45 1766-68

korolevstvo moskovskoe - Muscovite "kingdom" 11 16c

korona - crown 45 1766-68

korovai - a circular, adorned wedding cake 08 15c

korystoliubie - avarice, venality 06 1389-1424

kosnyi razvod - alienation of affection 18 16-17c

kost' rybaia - walrus tusk (lit. "fish bone") 23 17c

koster - tower, beacon (not camp fire) 06 1389-1462

kostok - customs duty on transported goods 06 1389-1462

kostolom - disease, plague (lit. bone-wracker) 06 1389-1462

kots - rug, carpet with short pile 06 1389-1462

kottsy - wickerwork dikes 12 16c

Koui (Kui, Kovui) - Turkic people 02 11-12c

kovriga - a large round bread 06 1389-1462

kovrishka (kovrizhka) - gingerbread 21 17c

kovsh - dipper 06 1389-1462

kozaki - cossacks (but Don Cossacks, Ukrainian Cossacks) 45 1766-68

Kozakovat' - to roam, lead a life on horseback 24

Kozary - Khazars 24

kozha losinnaia - chamois leather 13 1584-98

Kozukhovskii pokhod - Kozukhovo maneuvers/ campaign 26 1690s

krasomovet - clever person 23 17c

krepost' - deed of purchase 21 17c

krepostnoi ustav - statute of bound service 06 1389-1462

krestets - crossing 12 16c

krestnaia - reception hall or private chapel of archbishop 21 17c

kresto tseloval'naia zapis' - oath on the cross 45 1766-68

krestotseloval'naia zapis' - loyal rescript 16 1613-34

krestovaia - chapel 21 17c

krestovaia - sacristy 18 16-17c

Krewo, Union of 15 1606-13

kriuk - special, occasional tax 06 1389-1462

Krivichi - tribe 01 9-11c

kromnyi gorod - fortified town 06 1389-1462

krov' rozhechnaia - subcutaneous blood 21 17c

krov' zhil'naia - venous blood 21 17c

krugovaia poruka - collective responsibility among peasants in

regard to feudal obligations 07 15c

kruzhalo - curve 12 16c

kruzhechnyi dvor - liquor storehouse; tavern operated as a

crown or state franchise 24

kruzhka - strongbox 18 16-17c

kryl'tsa - shoulder blades 06 1389-1462

kryzh - Roman Catholic cross, crucifix; also sword handle 06 1389-1462

kubok - goblet 06 1389-1462

Kuchuk-Kainardji, Treaty of (1774) 48 1772-74

kufami - by the keg 13 1584-98

kulachnyi boi - boxing match 13 1584-98

kum - godfather to one's child(ren) 02 12c

kumach - simple cotton cloth, usually reddish, sometimes blue 17 1634-45

kumis - fermented mare's milk 08 (15)

Kumyks 24

kuna - money 04 13-14c

Kunersdorf - battle in Seven Years War 48 1772-74

kupalnia - bath house 13 1584-98

kupol - cupola 18 16-17c

kuporos - vitriol 21 17c

kupshchina - commercial title to something (e.g. fishing rights) 06 1389-1462

kuriyen - camp of tents (Mongol) 45 1766-68

kushak - girdle 17 1634-45

kuteinik - side table 12 16c

kutni - Asiatic half-silk cloth 17 1634-45

kvas - drink made of black bread and malt 24

kvasnyi khleb - unleavened bread 18 16-17c

kvastsy - alum 21 17c

l'gota - tax exemption 16 1613-34

l'gotnye gramoty - immunity charters 14 1598-1606

Lacedaemonians (Spartans) 46 1768-70

lad'ia - shallop; large oared sailing vessel 06 1389-1462

ladana - incense 17 1634-45

Ladder, The, work by St. John Climacus 06 1389-1462

ladle - chuma, chumka 06 1389-1462

ladon rosnyi - benjamin 21 17c

lads - molodtsy 13 1584-98

Lady of Kazan - icon 34 1730s

Lake Peipus, battle of 06 1389-1462

lakomstvo - corruption, greed 23 17c

Lament of the Perm Land on the Death of Stephen 06 1389-1462

lamp oil - maslo dereviannoe 21 17c

Lamuts - Siberian ethnic group 23 17c

lance - pika 21 17c

Lapps - lopari 13 1584-98

larchik - small chest (for storage) 06 1389-1462

Last Judgement, icon 06 1389-1462

lath - drannitsa 21 17c

"Latins" - Germans (Roman Catholics) 04 13-14c

Latinism 24

latnye dospeki - armor, suit of armor 45 1766-68

Latvians 10 16c

laty - armor, cuirass 45 1766-68

Laurentian Chronicle 06 1389-1462

lava - bench (West Russian) 45 1766-68

lavochnoe - market stall rent 17 1634-45

Law Code (the) - of Ivan III, etc.; the code 45 1766-68

Law Code of 1649 24

Lay of Igor's Campaign 06 1389-1462

Lazghi - Caucasian people 48 1772-74

lazutchestvo - espionage 16 1613-34

leaguer - oboz 20 17c

leggings - nogavitsy 06 1389-1462

leib-gvardiia - Life Guards 37 1741-44

les - forest 48 1772-74

leshch - bream 21 17c

Lesser Nogay - Nogaiskie malye liudi 16 1613-34

lest' - servility (in agreements) 06 1389-1462

Letgola - tribe 01 9-11c

letopis - chronicle 45 1766-68

Letopis o mnogikh miatezhak - Chronicle of Many Rebellions 14 1598-1606

letter of exchange 37 1741-44

letter of transfer (ecclesiastical) - perekhozhaia gramota 21 17c

letters patent - zhalovannaia gramota 20 17c

letters of credence 16 1613-34

levok - Dutch silver lion dollar (rijksdaler) 24

Lezghi (Caucasian tribe) 37 1741-44

lezhei - a type or quality of silk 23 17c

Liakhi - ancient name for Poles 01 9-11c

liakhy - use Polacks, pejorative term 11 16c

liberty - volia 20 17c

liberum veto 48 1772-74

lien - zaimshchik 48 1772-74

lichina - mask; steel plate on lock, on a horse's head 06 1389-1462

Life and Death of Grand Prince Dmitry Ivanovich, Russian Tsar 06 1389-1462

Life and Deeds of Our Most Worthy Fr. Dionysius, Archimandrite of St. Sergius 15 1606-1610

Life and Death of St. Dmitry of Priluki 06 1389-1462

life indenture - kabala 14 1598-1606

Life of Avvakum - book 24

Life of his Precursor St. Peter (book by Metropolitan Cyprian) 06 1389-1462

Life of Mikhail Alexandrovich of Tver 06 1389-1462

Life of St. Danel of Pereiaslavl - book 09 16c

Life of St. Jonas of Novgorod 06 1389-1462

Life of St. Joseph of Volok - book 09 16c

Life of St. Peter (of Volhynia) 06 1389-1462

Life of St. Sergius - book 24

Life of St. Stephen of Perm 06 1389-1462

Lifland Germans - see Livonians 08 15c

Liflianskaia kronika Russova - Russow's Livonian Chronicle 35 1730s

Likhie liudi - villains, criminals 12 16c

Likhodei - political wrongdoer 45 1766-68

Lipitsa river, battle of 06 1389-1462

liquor franchise - vinnyi otkup (arenda) 25 1680s

list' - writ, letter 12 16c

list' zapovednyi - writ of adjournment 12 16c

list' zheleznyi - safe conduct 12 16c

listy - can mean "writs" 23 17c

Lithuanian Cossacks 14 1598-1606

Lithuanians 10 16c

Little Nogay 20 17c

Little Russians 48 1772-74

liturgical books 09 16c

liturgiia - Divine Liturgy (sacrament); divine liturgy (individual

celebration) 24

Litva i Rus' - native Lithuanians and Russians 45 1766-68

liudskaia volokita - pernicious delay 12 16c

Lives of the Saints - minei 18 16-17c

Livonian War 24

Livonians 10 16c

lomat' kopia - break a lance 45 1766-68

lopari - Lapps 13 1584-98

Löwenwolde, treaty of 34 1730s

lower town - malyi gorod 20 17c

loyal rescript - krestotseloval'naia zapis' 16 1613-34

lubenik - partition 12 16c

lubok - cheap, popular print pictures 45 1766-68

luk - bow 45 1766-68

luka - pommel 45 1766-68

lukavyi - crafty 23 17c

lukno - wooden basket 12 16c

Lutherans 24

mace - bulava 20 17c

mace - chekak, chakan 06 1389-1462

Machiavellianism 48 1772-74

Magdeburg Law - magdeburgskoe pravo 08 15c

magdeburgskoe pravo - Magdeburg Law 08 15c

Magistracy Regulations - magistratskii reglament 48 1772-74

magistratskii reglament - Magistracy Regulations 48 1772-74

Magyars 24

maietnost' (W. Russ.) - property 20 17c

Makariev fair 35 1730s

make the sign of the cross over someone - osenit' 21 17c

makhti - mahdi 35 1730s

malvoisin, mobile fortress - guliai-gorod 15 1606-13

malye iamsechiny - small postal dues 25 1680s

malyi gorod - lower town 20 17c

mama - nurse 14 1598-1606

mamaiakh - a fur collared coat like that of Mamay the Tatar 07 15c

manifest - manifesto 18 16-17c

manifesto - manifest 18 16-17c

Maniot, tribe 38 1745-48

Mankup, prince of 09 16c

manners and mores 07 15c

Mansi. See Voguls 14 1598-1606

mantiia s istochnikami - bishop's cope 21 17c

mantle (clothing) - bugai 06 1389-1462

manufactory - manufaktura 48 1772-74

Manuscript of Magnush, Swedish king 06 1389-1462

"Many Years" - prayer for health and long life 06 1389-1462

marine insurance - sudovaia podelka 16 1613-34

maritime towns - pomorskie goroda 16 1613-34

market stall rent - lavochnoe 17 1634-45

marriage certificate - znamia 17 1634-45

marriage customs and negotiations 08 15c

maslenitsa - Shrovetide 35 1730s

maslo dereviannoe - lamp oil 21 17c

mass (church service) - high mass etc 45 1766-68

Massagetae - tribe 01 9-11c

matins - zautreni 25 17c

mëd-syrets - raw honey, comb honey 21 17c

mekh - sack made of animal skins 06 1389-1462

mel'nitsy zheleznye - foundries 13 1584-98

Melanchlaeni - tribe 01 9-11c

mêlée - travlia 13 1584-98

Memorials of Diplomatic Relations of Ancient Russia with

Foreign Powers 15 1606-10

Mer - Slav tribe 01 9-11c

mercantilism 48 1772-74

Merchants Island (Kazan) 09 16c

Merians 24

merin - gelding 13 1584-98

Meshcherei - native tribe 15 1606-13

mesiachina - monthly allowance (for maintenance of slaves) 45 1766-68

mesta lavochnye - booths 12 16c

mestechka - settlement 15 1606-13

mestnichestvo - code of precedence, i.e. service according to

genealogical rank 45 1766-68

metafrasty - metaphrases 18 16-17c

metanie kop'ia - javelin throwing 45 1766-68

metaphrases - metafrasty 18 16-17c

metropolia 24

mezhdutsarstvie - interregnum 13 1584-98

mezleva - a tax (in kind) on peasants (West Russia) 45 1766-68

miagkaia rukhliad' - soft goods 13 1584-98

miasoed - period between christmas and the week before Lent

when Russian Orthodox can eat meat. followed by miasopust 45 1766-68

miasopust 45 1766-68

miatezh - violent discord, revolt, rebellion, uprising 45 1766-68

middle ages 24

Milesians - nation 01 9-11c

military forces 07 15c

military manual - ustav ratnykh del, regulations 15 1606-13

military tactics 24

milostivaia tsarskaia gramota - tsar's letter of clemency 21 17c

milostivoe slovo - word of pardon 21 17c

milostynia - alms 13 1584-98

minei - Lives of the Saints 18 16-17c

Minei Cheti - Readings for the Month 35 1730s

Mining Ordinance 35 1730s

Mining Statute of Tatishchev 35 1730s

Minnelieder - German love songs 04 13-14c

Miracle Worker - (e.g. Ivan the...) 25 1680s

miracle workers' mead - chudotvortsevyi mëd 11 16c

mirovaia zapis' - conciliation writ 12 16c

mirovye zapisi - small claims 06 1389-1462

mirskii - communal 26 1690s

mirskii sbor - community tax (from mir) 35 1730s

mishan - a type of boat 06 1389-1462

missal - potrebnik 17 1634-45

"Mississippi Bubble" 48 1772-74

mitkal' - cotton fabric used for upholstery 17 1634-45

mnogoletie - prayers for a long life 07 15c

model house - model'nyi dom 48 1772-74

model'nyi dom - model house 48 1772-74

Mohammedan - use Muslim 48 1772-74

Moldavians 20 17c

moleben - solemn porayers 12 16c

molodtsy - adventurers, lads 13 1584-98

Mongol empire 24

mooring - korabel'nyi pristan ' 16 1613-34

Moors 24

mor - plague 06 1389-1462

Moravian Slavs 06 1389-1462

Mordva - use Mordvinians 10 16c

Mordvinians 14 1598-1606

morovaia iazva - pest, plague 48 1772-74

morskoe pristanishche - naval wharf 13 1584-98

Morskoi ustav - Naval Statute 45 1766-68

Mortgage contract - zakladnaia kabala 15 1606-13

moskal - pejorative term for Muscovite 23 17c

moskatel'nye tovary - chandlery 17 1634-45

Moslem - use Muslim 48 1772-74

mostovshchina - bridge tolls 13 1584-98

Mother of God - icon 14 1598-1606

motley cloth caftan - aspidnaia odnoriadka 12 16c

mountain people - gortsy 16 1613-34

moveable property 34 1730s

mshanik - winter izba 12 16c

Mugali - nomads 23 17c

municipal statutes - gradskie zakony 18 16-17c

Muroma - tribe 01 9-11c

murrain - padezh 06 1389-1462

musii - mosaics 06 1389-1462

musket - ruzhnitsa 13 1584-98

Muslim - musul'manskii 16 1613-34

Muslim law 48 1772-74

musul'manskii - Muslim 16 1613-34

muzhiki gorlany 24

mystery plays 24

myt - internal customs duty, excise 06 1389-1462

mzda - benefit, profit, reward; graft, bribe, corruption 06 1389-1462

na liatskikh kryzhakh - on Polish crosses 21 17c

nabat, nabatnyi kolokol - tocsin 15 17c

nabor rekrut - conscription, levy 37 1741-44

Nachalnaia letopis - Primary Chronicle 35 1730s

nachatok - first fruits; rudiments 21 17c

nakaz - instructions 16 1613-34

nakplennik - kneecap; knee-piece 45 1766-68

name day - imeniny 16 1613-34

napominal'nyi list' - memorandum 12 16c

napusk - onslaught, charge 21 17c

naradnyi dukhovkyi - pro forma testament 12 16c

narechnoe - extended chant (by insertion of extra notes) 21 17c

nariadnaia gramota - labor contract 12 16c

Narrative of Simeon, a Priest of Suzdal, or how the Pope

of Rome, Eugenius, Conducted the Eighth Council with his

Confederates 06 1389-1462

naruchi - wristlets, gauntlets, armplates 45 1766-68

Narva inhabitants - Narvtsy, Rugovidtsy 10 16c

nasad - flatboat, barge, cargo ship 06 1389-1462

nasadnyi dvor - cargo warehouse 21 17c

nashatyr - sal ammoniac, ammonium chloride 21 17c

nashivki - printed cloth 17 1634-45

nasodok - levy on beer, mead or other fermented drinks 45 1766-68

nastol'naia gramota - letter of enthronement 12 16c

natianut' luk - bend, draw a bow 45 1766-68

Nativity of the Mother of God, feast day (September 8) 06 1389-1462

Naval Statute - Morskoi ustav 45 1766-68

naval wharf - morskoe pristanishche 13 1584-98

navesnyi, navesnaia strel'ba, navesny ogon' - high angle fire 45 1766-68

neblagoslovenie - denial of blessing 06 1389-1462

nedobor - arrears 12 16c

Nemirov - Congress of 35 1730s

nemtsy - Westerners or Germans 45 1766-68

neokladnye dokhody - Unassessed Levies 25 1680s

Nerukotvornyi Obraz - Icon "Not Made By Human Hands" 10 16c

nestiazhateli - those who denied monasteries right to own estates; nonpossessors 45 1766-68

nesudimaia gramota - Charter of Legal Exemption 12 16c

Netchiki, nety - defaulters 16 1613-34

Neuroi - mythical tribe 01 9-11c

neustroistvo - disaray 06 1389-1462

New Chronicler - Novyi letopisets 14 1598-1606

New Commercal Statute 24

New Style 48 1772-74

neznaemyi - unprecedented, unheard of 06 1389-1462

Nikitiny slezy - Nikita tears 21 17c

Nikonian Chronicle 06 1389-1462

nizverzhenie iz san - unfrocking 18 16-17c

Nogaiskie malye liudi - Lesser Nogay 16 1613-34

nogavitsy - leggings 06 1389-1462

Nogay Horde - Nogaiskaia orda 10 16c

Nogay Road - steppe nomad route into Russia 23 17c

Nogay Tatars 14 1598-1606

nomocanons - a byzantine digest of ecclesiastical

canons/secular law 08 15c

nonpossessors - nestiazhateli 24

North/north - see East/east 45 1766-68

Northern alliance - implemented Northern System 48 1772-74

Northern System - implementation of Northern alliance 48 1772-74

nosovoe - prow tax 12 16c

note - izvestie 06 1389-1462

Novgorod Chronicle 09 16c

Novgorod courtyard, Moscow 14 1598-1606

Novgorod Velikii - Great Novgorod; men, people of;

not Novgorodians 45 1766-68

novina - unbleached linen 12 16c

Novyi Letopisets - New Chronicler 14 1598-1606

nozhi tulunbasy - Turkish-style daggers 17 1634-45

Nystadt, treaty of 34 1730s

oak apples - oreshki chernil'nye 17 1634-45

Ob Ugrians - regional ethnic subgroup 23 17c

obchina - communal property 04 13-14c

Obdorsk Ostiaks - regional ethnic subgroup 23 17c

obednia zaupokoinaia - funeral mass 13 1584-98

obiaz - sash (clothing) 06 1389-1462

obitel' - cloister, monastery 06 1389-1462

oboz - baggage train, leaguer, encampment 16 1613-34

Obray - Avars 24

obrazisovye gramoty - protocol documents 16 1613-34

obrezan'e - circumcision 18 16-17c

obrochnyi sbor - land lease/use payment 37 1741-44

obrok - quitrent 48 1772-74

Obschaia Mineia (Common Readings) 15 1606-13

obysknaia gramota - investigation warrant 12 16c

obzha - a land taxation unit in novgorod, areal 45 1766-68

ochnaia stavka - confrontment (vernadsky mrl), visual

confrontation 12 16c

Octchos - oktykh 18 16-17c

odinachnaia zapis' - act of solidarity 17 1634-45

odnoriadka - long caftan 12 16c

ogorod - cabbage patch 13 1584-98

ogorodnia - a section of the wooden wall around towns 45 1766-68

ogorodnik - builder of urban fortifications (gorodnik) 45 1766-68

ogul - son (Turkic) 45 1766-68

Oka defense line 09 16c

okhaben - caftan-like garment of wide cut, with a square

lay-down collar and frequently having pin-back sleeves 06 1389-1462

Okhotnyi riad - Hunters row 25 1680s

oklad - fixed amount of tax paid by a group 37 1741-44

okladnaia kniga - asessment book; tax roll 35 1730s

okolnichie (lords-in-waiting) 15 1606-13

okolotok - adjacent area, immediate environs 06 1389-1462

okov - small barrel, tub with iron hoops 06 1389-1462

okovy - fetters 20 17c

okrug - district, territory 35 1730s

okruzhnaia gramota - circular 17 1634-45

okruzhnoe poslanie - encyclical 06 1389-1462

oktykh - Oktchos 18 16-17c

okun' - perch 21 17c

okup - indemnity, reparation 06 1389-1462

okup - ransom 04 13-14c

Old Belief, the 25 1680s

Old Believer - raskol'nik 38 1745-48

Old Believers, Old Ritualists - Staroobriadtsy 25 1680s

"old holdings" of princess - dowry lands 06 1389-1462

Old Slavonic language - staryi slavianskii yazyk 16 1613-34

Old Style 48 1772-74

Oldenburg, duchy of - duchy of Oldenburg 45 1766-68

Olomouc, battle of 06 1389-1462

olovir - silk threaded with gold 06 1389-1462

omofor - omophorion, vestment worn by Eastern

archbishops; similar to stole 08 15c

omophorion - omofor 08 15c

On Military Conduct - book 24

on Polish crosses - na laitskikh kryzhakh 21 17c

On the Fabric of the Human Body - book 24

On the Sybils - book 24

On the Taking of Moscow by Tsar Tokhtamysh and the

Enslavement of the Russian Land - book 06 1389-1462

Onega charter 09 16c

Onipolovtsy - group of people in Novgorod 03 12-13c

onslaught - napusk 21 17c

opala - disfavor, disgrace 13 1584-98

opashen - light summer caftan 06 1389-1462

opasnaia gramota - safe conduct charter 23 17c

opeka - guardianship 13 1584-98

open field system 45 1766-68

opis' - rescript 16 1613-34

opresnoki - unleavened communion wafers 18 16-17c

oprichnina - dower (oprich' = except for) 06 1389-1462

opustoshenie - devastation 06 1389-1462

orari - stoles of deacons 08 15c

orat' vzgonom - to plough in a gang 06 1389-1462

oratory - vitiistvo 23 17c

Orden Andreia Pervozvannogo - Order of St. Andrew the

First-called 26 1690s

Order of St. Andrew - andreevskii orden 46 1768-70

Order, the. See Livonian Knights, Order of 08 15c

Ordre equestre - Gentry (Polish) 48 1772-74

Orekhov island, treaty of 06 1389-1462

Orel (the Eagle) - Russian ship built in 1669 23 17c

Orenburgskaia ekspeditsiia - Orenburg Expedition (office) 35 1730s

oreshki chernil'nye - oak apples, gall nuts 17 1634-45

Orlov party - faction 48 1772-74

orphans - siroty 25 1680s

Orthodox church; Orthodox faith 07 15c

Orthodoxy 48 1772-74

osadnye orudiia - siege engines 16 1613-34

Osedly - sedentary Tatar people 46 1768-70

osek - fortress 45 1766-68

oseniti - make the sign of the cross over someone 21 17c

Osinsk Road - main nomad route from Osa region 23 17c

Osmichee - commercial customs of 1/8 value 07 15c

oslop - club, war club, bludgeon 06 1389-1462

osmina - eighth of grain etc 37 1741-44

osmnichaia - one-eighth customs duty on transported goods 06 1389-1462

osmnik 08 15c

osobnost' - particularism 13 1584-98

Ostiaks 07 15c

ostrog - fortress, prison, fort, fortification, stockade 45 1766-68

ostrozhek - small fort, trading post 45 1766-68

ot"ezchik - deserter 12 16c

otchina - an inherited territory or patrimony 07 15c

otdel'nye knigi - registers of transfers 14 1598-1606

otkaznaia gramota - transferral document 12 16c

otkup - the franchise to collect customs and sell liquor 07 15c

otkupnaia gramota - redemption charter 12 16c

otkupnye gramoty - tax farming charters 13 1584-98

otpiska - a letter or legal document of various kinds 37 1741-44

otpiski - registry copies 21 17c

otpusknaia - certificate of manumission 15 1606-13

otstupnaia gramota - conveyance 12 16c

otstupnik - renegade 18 16-17c

Ottoman Porte 45 1766-68

Ottomans 08 15c

otvetnaia gramota - charter in reply 12 16c

otvodnaia gramota - deed, title to land 06 1389-1462

otvoznye poshliny - transit duties 17 1634-45

Our Lady of Smolensk - icon 26 1690s

outpost - zastava 20 17c

overriding - zaezd (jumping rank) 06 1389-1462

ovkach - drinking vessel 06 1389-1462

ozherel'itse - decorative collar 13 1584-98

padezh - murrain 06 1389-1462

paiusnaia ikra - pressed caviar 21 17c

palata - hall, chamber; palace (archaic) 06 1389-1462

Palm Sunday procession 15 1606-13

pamiat' - promissory note 16 1613-34

pamiat' - report (often ecclesiastical) 06 1389-1462

panagia - panagiia 21 17c

panagiia - panagia 21 17c

panegyric - pokhval'noe slovo 06 1389-1462

panikhida - requiem 13 1584-98

Panin party - faction 48 1772-74

pantsir - coat of mail, armor 45 1766-68

pantsirnyi - armor-clad, iron-clad 45 1766-68

papal bull 45 1766-68

parapet - zabrala (zabralo) 06 1389-1462

parasitical infection - chervivaia bolezn' 21 17c

Paris, treaty of (1763) 48 1772-74

parish book of the dead - pominan'ia 18 16-17c

particularism - osobnost' 13 1584-98

pastila - pastille 21 17c

patoka na med - honey syrup 21 17c

patrakhilnaia (postikharnaia) gramota - authorization for

widowed deacon to perform his ecclesiastical duties 37 1741-44

patriarch's stall - patriarshee mesto 21 17c

patriarshee mesto - patriarch's stall 21 17c

patrimony - otchina 02 11-12c

pauzok - flat-bottomed boat, lighter 06 1389-1462

pavoloka - decorative fabric 06 1389-1462

Peace of Hubertusburg 48 1772-74

Peace of Westphalia 48 1772-74

Peace of, Truce of, Treaty of 16 1613-34

pearls - zhemchug 06 1389-1462

pech' - kiln 13 1584-98

pechalovat'sia - to take care of someone, something;

have concern for 06 1389-1462

pechat' voiskovaia - the Host's seal 20 17c

Pechenegs - nomadic tribe 01 9-11c

Pechersky falconers 06 1389-1462

Pechora, river and tribe 06 1389-1462

pectoral - alam 06 1389-1462

peculium - personal accessories (in Roman law) 45 1766-68

pedestrians - peshtsy (pleasants who pulled plough) 06 1389-1462

pelena - shroud 06 1389-1462

pelenki - swaddling clothes 13 1584-98

pen' - fine 15 1606-13

Pentecost - Troitsa (also Trinity Sunday), piatdesiatnitsa 06 1389-1462

perch - okun' 21 17c

perednia - forecourt 14 1598-1606

Pereiaslavl, Treaty of (1654) 25 1680s

Pereiaslavl Chronicle 06 1389-1462

perekhozhaia gramota - letter of transfer (ecclesiastical) 21 17c

pereletchik - deserter 02 12c

peremetchik - turncoat 04 13-14c

perepisnye knigi - census books 45 1766-68

pereriazhennyi - dressed as a mummer 26 1690s

perevod - conversion, commutation 12 16c

perevod - extradition 06 1389-1462

perevoz - ferry or ford toll 13 1584-98

permanent peace - vechnyi mir 13 1584-98

Persian - kizilbashskii 13 1584-98

Persians 24

personal insignia - razriad 15 1606-13

personnel lists - posluzhnye spiski 17 1634-45

pershi - breastworks (fortification) 06 1389-1462

peshtsy - pedestrians (peasants who pulled plough) 06 1389-1462

pest plague - morovaia iazva - Pestilence 48 1772-74

Petersburg convention on Polish partition 48 1772-74

petition - chelobitnaia 06 1389-1462

petition - podpiska 48 1772-74

petitioners - chelobitchiki 16 1613-34

petitioner - chelobitnik 06 1389-1462

Peucini - ancient tribe 01 9-11c

Piast - Polish dynasty 46 1768-70

piataia den'ga - the fifth coin (tax) 45 1766-68

piatdesiatnitsa - Pentecost 24

Piatigorsk Cherkess 10 16c

piatinnye den'gi - fifths 16 1613-34

piatno - a duty on branding horses for sale 08 15c

picnics - piknik 48 1772-74

Piebald (Skewbald) Horde - Siberian tribal union 23 17c

"pig" - wedge formation of troops 04 13-14c

piitika - poetics 18 16-17c

pika - pike, lance 21 17c

pike - pika 21 17c

piknik - picnics 48 1772-74

Pisans 06 1389-1462

pischal' - arquebus 45 1766-68

pischee - duty paid for registering a document 07 15c

pishchal'nye den'gi - musket impost 12 16c

pistsovye knigi - cadastral surveys 15 1606-13

pistsovye knigi - census books 35 1730s

pitch hut - buda 21 17c

plague - mor 06 1389-1462

plague - povetrie 20 17c

plat'e chernecheskoe - monastic habit 14 1598-1606

platter - bliudo 06 1389-1462

plavnyi ves - floating scales 12 16c

pleasure garden - poteshnyi sad 13 1584-98

pledge - zalog 15 1606-13

pledged dependence 24

plenary resolution - polnyi prigovor 16 1613-34

plety - hurdles 16 1613-34

plitianaia - built of limestone or sandstone 06 1389-1462

ploshki - salt cakes, salt slabs 06 1389-1462

plotva - roach 21 17c

plowland - sokha (unit of taxation) 15 1606-13

plowland tax - posokh 14 1598-1606

plowland tax - sokh 14 1598-1606

plug - (heavy) plough - unit of taxation equal to two ploughlands 06 1389-1462

po isprave - as is right, just, due 06 1389-1462

po ukaznoi tsene - at a fixed price 13 1584-98

po zgadtse - as agreed 06 1389-1462

poberezhnoe - fee for mooring boats 06 1389-1462

pobor - salary, service obligations 12 16c

pobory - requisitions, extraordinary taxes 06 1389-1462

pochest' (verb) - to count, consider 06 1389-1462

pochinok - woodland settlement, assart 12 16c

pod"emnaia poshlina - weighing fee 13 1584-98

pod"ezd - visitation tax collected by prelate from clergy; tithe 06 1389-1462

pod"ezdy - reconnaissance expeditions 16 1613-34

podat' za vkhod - entrance fee 18 16-17c

podklet' - ground floor 12 16c

podmet - false evidence, planting of false evidence 06 1389-1462

podmetnye pisma - anonymous written reports and denunciations 37 1741-44

podmoga - stipend, subsidy 12 16c

podpiska - petition 48 1772-74

podriad - (govt.) contract 37 1741-44

podsenie - covered place 12 16c

podushnye den'gi - poll tax 38 1745-48

podushnyi oklad - head (poll) tax 25 1680s

podushnyi podat' - soul tax 48 1772-74

podvod - transportation services 17 1634-45

podvor'e - forecourt 25 1680s

podvor'e - inn 13 1584-98

podymnoe - hearth tax 15 1606-13

poetics - piitika 18 16-17c

pogreb - burial; a forgetting 06 1389-1462

pokhoromoe - residence tax 12 16c

pokhval'noe slovo - panegyric 06 1389-1462

poklep - false accusation 06 1389-1462

poklon - salutation, respect 06 1389-1462

poklonnoe - tribute 12 16c

pokrov (feast day) - Intercession (October 1) 14 1598-1606

pokrovitel'stvo - protectorate 13 1584-98

polack (derogatory term) - liakhi 11 16c

Poland, partition of 48 1772-74

polavochnoe - shop fees 12 16c

polaz - arrival; in superstition unexpected appearance 06 1389-1462

poldengi pishchei - half a scribe's fee 12 16c

poliakovat - to roam the plains, fields 24

Poliane - tribe 01 9-11c

Polianovka, Treaty of 20 17c

polichnoe - stolen goods found on person of thief as

evidence of theft 06 1389-1462

Polish army 48 1772-74

Polish Succession, War of the 35 1730s

"Political Catechism" 48 1772-74

"Political Testament" 48 1772-74

Politichnye dumy - "Politcal Reflections" by Krizhanich 24

poliud'e - circuit tax 12 16c

Polnoe sobranie russkikh letopisei - Complete Collection of

Russian Chronicles 15 1606-10

polnoshchnyi - northern 06 1389-1462

polnyi prigovor - plenary resolution 16 1613-34

Polochane - Polotsk inhabitants 10 16c

poloe mesto - open place 45 1766-68

polog bogoroditsy - "Virgin's labor" 18 16-17c

polonianichnye dengi - money for redeeming captives (a tax) 45 1766-68

polos - sabre, sword 17 1634-45

polosataia tkan' - striped cloth, sometimes with gold or silver

animal design 17 1634-45

polot, polotok - half a carcase of meat 06 1389-1462

Polotsk inhabitants - Polochane 10 16c

Polovetsians (Cumans) 03 11-13c

Polovtsy - use Polovetsians (Cumans) 03 11-13c

polsta - groundsheet 17 1634-45

polukareta - coupe, type of carriage, wagon 24

Pomeranians (Pomoriane) - Slav tribe 01 9-11c

pomernoe - customs house measuring (of goods) fee 45 1766-68

pomestiti - to place 45 1766-68

pominan'ia - parish book of the dead 18 16-17c

pominki - presents 45 1766-68

pominok - gift, bribe 12 16c

pomoch' den'gami - subsidy 13 1584-98

pomor - a seashore dweller (specifically on

White Sea/Arctic Ocean) 45 1766-68

poplashnaia - lumber duty 12 16c

Poplevin - house of 09 16c

popluzhnoe - plough tax 06 1389-1462

popon - horse blanket 17 1634-45

popovskaia gramota - sacerdotal letters 12 16c

poriadnoe - sales tax 12 16c

porok, prak - catapult 06 1389-1462

porshane - men of the Rus river 02 11-12c

portki - pants 45 1766-68

portnoe - tailor's obligation to sew for master; tax levy in kind 06 1389-1462

portomoin' - wash house 18 16-17c

Portugese 10 16c

poruchitel' - guarantor 06 1389-1462

poruka - surety 16 1613-34

posazhennoe - docking fee 13 1584-98

poshlina - tariff (in commerce) 06 1389-1462

poshlina sval'naia - unloading duties 13 1584-98

poshliny - dues 13 1584-98

poshliny otvoznye - transit duties 17 1634-45

poshliny proezzhie - tolls 17 1634-45

poshlyi - old, ancient 06 1389-1462

posil'e - land parcel 12 16c

posledniaia mera - final offer 16 1613-34

poslushnichestvo - witnessing; evidence 06 1389-1462

poslushnye gramoty - rescripts of obedience 06 1389-1462

posluzhnye spiski - personnel lists 17 1634-45

posokha - quota of army recruits based on sokha 06 1389-1462

posokh - plowland tax 14 1598-1606

pososhnye den'gi - auxiliaries impost tax, levied from tax-paying

peasants to provide for the needs of war 12 16c

pospeshenie - success; good hastening 06 1389-1462

pospolite ruszenie - general mobilization (in Poland) 45 1766-68

pospolitoe rushen'e - international forces, allied troops 23 17c

Possessors 24

post horse stations 08 15c

postal taxes - iamskie den'gi 13 1584-98

postoi - obligation to billet soldiers 06 1389-1462

posul - promise of a bribe, graft 37 1741-44

posyl'naia gramota - commissioning charter, courier charter 12 16c

poteshnyi sad - pleasure garden 13 1584-98

potok - banishment 03 12-13c

potrava - damage to a corn field by grazing cattle 07 15c

potrebnik - missal 17 1634-45

povalusha (-i) - a cool, summer bedroom 08 15c

povatazhnaia - tax on collective enterprises (vatagi) 06 1389-1462

povetrie - plague 20 17c

povorotnoe - market fee 12 16c

povoz - transport or delivery obligations, cartage 12 16c

pozhalovat - to grant or favor 45 1766-68

pozhilnye dengi - monetary compensation (from those sheltering

runaway peasants to owners) 35 1730s

pozhiloe - departing fee 12 16c

pozhilye dvory - houses provided for peasants by the lord 45 1766-68

pozhilye dvory - houses rented by peasants 45 1766-68

pozhilye den'gi - monetary compensation 26 1690s

Pragmatic Sanction - pragmaticheskaia sanktsiia 38 1745-48

pragmaticheskaia sanktsiia - Pragmatic Sanction 38 1745-48

pravaia gramota - deed, judgment proper 15 1606-13

Pravda - justice or law 45 1766-68

pravezh - law on collection of debts from defaulters by

imprisonment and regular beatings 37 1741-44

pravezh - stocks 20 17c

pravezh - trial for default 26 1690s

pravo - right, law; prawo rycerskie - rights of knighthood (Polish) 45 1766-68

pravo ot"ezda - right of free departure 04 13-14c

pravo propinatsii - right to sell liquors (West Russia) 45 1766-68

prayerbook - trebnik 18 16-17c

precedence - mestnichestvo 15 1606-13

Prechista - the icon of the Mother of God 08 15c

Prechistaia - "most pure", Immaculate (in reference to the Virgin Mary) 45 1766-68

precious stones - kamen'e 06 1389-1462

predtech - the forerunner, or John the Baptist 07 15c

prelestnik - seducer 14 1598-1606

premudryi - "The Wise" 45 1766-68

"Preruined Ukraine" - prezhdepogibshaia Ukraina (before 1654) 14 1598-1606

pressed caviar - paiusnaia ikra 21 17c

pretenderism - samozvantsvo 11 16c

prianye koren'ia - spices 06 1389-1462

pribavka - codicil 15 1606-13

pridel - a second, additional sanctuary (altar') in church 06 1389-1462

prigovor - sentence, decree, resolution 14 1598-1606

prigozha/po prigozhu - if it suits, is suitable 06 1389-1462

prikaznye raskhody - chancellery disbursements 16 1613-34

prilep - bas-relief 06 1389-1462

primet - type of assessment, surtax 12 16c

primetnye opisi - taxation schedules 12 16c

primysly - acquisitions, gains, designs 06 1389-1462

pripadaiushchie - catachuments 11 16c

pripadka paduchei bolezni - epileptic seizure 13 1584-98

pripravochnaia kniga - register of dowries 12 16c

prishka - gun, cannon 45 1766-68

pristavstvo - protection money 18 16-17c

prisudy - court costs 12 16c

prisyl'naia gramota - commissions charters 12 16c

Pritochnik - a book of fables 06 1389-1462

pritvory - atrium 18 16-17c

prival - siege tower 26 1690s

private audience - chastnaia audientsiia 18 16-17c

private chapel of archbishop - krestnaia 21 17c

priviaznoe - fee for tying (sheltering) cattle 06 1389-1462

privilege - volnost' 06 1389-1462

privileges - privilegii 25 1680s

Privilegii Akademii - Charter of the Academy 25 1680s

privilegiia, privilegii - charter 35 1730s

privilei - grand-princely charter (Western Rus) 45 1766-68

privilei korolevskii - royal privilege 18 16-17c

prodazha - monetary fine for infraction; guilt 06 1389-1462

proest' - maintenance expenses 12 16c

proezzhaia gramota - travel permit 15 1606-13

proezzhie poshliny - tolls 17 1634-45

progonnye den'gi - courier tax 15 1606-13

prokliatie - damnation , anathema 06 1389-1462

prokliatnaia gramota - pact of sacred oath 06 1389-1462

promissory note - pamiat' 16 1613-34

promissory note - zapis' v platezhe deneg 16 1613-34

promysel - commercial enterprise, industry 06 1389-1462

promyt - a fine 12 16c

prona - fortress 09 16c

Prophet Elijah Day (July 20) 06 1389-1462

propinatsia - propination (drinking) 45 1766-68

prorubnye dengi - ice-hole money (fee in winter to draw water,

wash clothes and water livestock in ice holes) 24

proshchal'naia gramota - certificate of leave-taking 06 1389-1462

prosukha - passable dry road in spring 37 1741-44

prosviry - communion loaves 25 1680s

protection money - pristavstvo 18 16-17c

protectorate - pokrovite'stvo 13 1584-98

protest - protestatsiia 18 16-17c

Protestants - protestanty 48 1772-74

protestatsiia - protest 18 16-17c

protiven' - a copper pit; frying pan of sheet metal 06 1389-1462

protocol documents - obraztsovye gramoty 16 1613-34

protori (-y) - expenses 06 1389-1462

protrop - ordination cerificate 12 16c

provisioning - kormy 16 1613-34

prudiinyi shchit - gun shield 45 1766-68

Prus - Baltic tribe 01 9-11c

Prut - frontage 12 16c

Pruth, Treaty of 35 1730s

psalter - psaltir' 24

psaltir' - psalter 24

pshena sorochinskogo - millet seed 17 1634-45

pshenitsa - wheat 45 1766-68

Pskov charter 06 1389-1462

Pskov chronicler 09 16c

Pskov inhabitants - Pskovtsy 10 16c

Pskovtsy - Pskov inhabitants 10 16c

ptichii grai - bird calls 06 1389-1462

ptur (?) 12 16c

public funds - kazannye den'gi 12 16c

pud - weighing fee 12 16c

pudovaia - weighing fee 06 1389-1462

Pugachev uprising 48 1772-74

pupki - strips of belly fur (very soft and of high quality) 23 17c

pushechka - culverin 13 1584-98

Pushkins, affair of the 48 1772-74

pustota - idle land (one archaic meaning) 37 1741-44

pytka - torture 45 1766-68

quarantine house 48 1772-74

quarter - posad 15 1606-13

quarter post tax - chetvertnye yamskie (den'gi) 25 1680s

quitrent - obrok 48 1772-74

quiver - saadak 17 1634-45

Radimichi - tribe 01 9-11c

rafli - puzzles and astrology books 12 16c

raft - strug 13 1584-98

rampart - val 48 1772-74

ransom - okup 04 13-14c

raskol - schism 35 1730s

raskol'nik - Old Believer, schismatic 35 1730s

raskosovat (raskasirovat) - to disband (a military unit) 37 1741-44

raspiska - bail 26 1690s

raspravnye dela - lawsuits 26 1690s

Rassuzhdenie - "Discourse" 35 1730s

raw honey - mëd-syrets 21 17c

razboinichestvo - brigandage 35 1730s

razdel rodichei - apportionment for close relatives 12 16c

razdel'noe - rescript of the division of property 06 1389-1462

razmet - declaration of war 10 16c

razriad - region 35 1730s

razriady - crown service registers 13 1584-98

razrub - apportionment of taxes and levies 12 16c

Readings for the Month - Cheti Minei 35 1730s

reception hall of archbishop - krestnaia 21 17c

reconaissance expeditions - pod"ezdy 16 1613-34

reduktsiia - reduktion (resumption by the Swedish crown of

aliented crown estates) 26 1690s

reestr - register (of cossacks) 18 16-17c

refectory - trapeza 18 16-17c

Reformer, the reformer - caps when referring to Peter 45 1766-68

regency - regentstvo 13 1584-98

regentstvo - regency 13 1584-98

register - rospis' 13 1584-98

register (of cossacks) - reestr 18 16-17c

registration fee - iavka 13 1584-98

registry copies - otpiski 21 17c

Reglament Glavnogo magistrata - the Regulations for the Main Magistracy (1721) 37 1741-44

reikhstaler - reichsthaler 26 1690s

renegade - otstupnik 18 16-17c

reparation - okup 06 1389-1462

requiem - panikhida 13 1584-98

requiem mass - zaupokoinaia 18 16-17c

rescript - opis' 16 1613-34

rescripts of obedience - poslushnye gramoty 06 1389-1462

reskript - memorandum, edict, decree 37 1741-44

respect - poklon 06 1389-1462

retail - v roznitsu 16 1613-34

Reval inhabitants - Kolyvantsy 10 16c

revision - doklad 12 16c

reviziia - census 38 1745-48

revnitel' - zealot 26 1690s

rezanka - tax on fur 06 1389-1462

Rhenish - Rhine, white wine 23 17c

rhetoric - ritorika 18 16-17c

riad - contract, testament 04 13-14c

riadnaia gramota - marriage contract 12 16c

riadovaia gramota - stall-merchant charter 12 16c

riady - accommodations, arrangements; the outcome of a trial; settlement of a court case 06 1389-1462

Riazan cossacks 06 1389-1462

Riazan inhabitants - riazantsy 10 16c

riazantsy - Riazan inhabitants 10 16c

ribazuba - walrus tusk 45 1766-68

Riga inhabitants - Rizhane 10 16c

right of free departure - pravo ot"ezda 04 13-14c

rights of private persons - chastnye prava 06 1389-1462

rights of the senior - starshii put' 06 1389-1462

riot - gil' 21 17c

ritorika - rhetoric 18 16-17c

ritual - chin 21 17c

rizhane - Riga inhabitants 10 16c

roach - plotva 21 17c

rod - clan; clan progenitor 45 1766-68

rodoslavnaia kniga - Register of Nobility 45 1766-68

rogatina - bear spear, two-ronged pike 06 1389-1462

rogatki - barrier constructed of pickets 48 1772-74

rogatochnye - street barriers 48 1772-74

rogovoe - a tax on animals by the number of horns 08 15c

rogticha - bear spear 06 1389-1462

rokosz - rebellion in Poland (note) 15 1606-13

rosomakha - wolverine 45 1766-68

rospis' - register 13 1584-98

rosskii - red-headed or fair person 23 17c

Roxolani - tribe 01 9-11c

royal allowance - tsarskoe zhalovane 25 1680s

royal gates, doors (central door of iconostasis) - tsarskie vrata 23 17c

royal privilege - privilei korolevskii 18 16-17c

royal seal - gosudarstvennaia pechat 15 1606-13

rozdel - part, division (of a statute) 45 1766-68

rozhanitsa - genitrix 45 1766-68

rozhdestvo Khristovo - Christmas 18 16-17c

rozysk - inquest 13 1584-98

rozysk - trial by inquisition 26 1690s

rubashka - shirt 24

rublevaia poshlina - sales tax 24

rudiments - nachatok 21 17c

rugodivtsy - inhabitants of Narva 10 16c

rukavitsa - mittens, gauntlets 45 1766-68

rukhliad - service equipment 16 1613-34

rukhliad' - worn, shabby items 06 1389-1462

Rumney - sweet wine from Greece 23 17c

Rus Justice - Russkaia Pravda 06 1389-1462

Rus lands-Ukraine and Belarus, often referred to as Ruthenia 11 16c

rusin - Ruthenian (can refer to Ukrainian and Belorussians) 25 1680s

Russian army 48 1772-74

Russkaia letopis' - Russian chronicle 26 1690s

Russkaia Pravda - Rus Justice 02 11-12c

Russkii (Polish) - Ruthenian (in Polish context) 26 1690s

Russo-Lithuanian Orthodox church 06 1389-1462

Russo-Turkish War 48 1772-74

Ruthenia (note) - term for Ukraine and Belarus 11 16c

Ruthenian - Rusin (can refer to Ukrainian and Belorussian) 25 1680s

ruzhnaia gramota - emolument charter 12 16c

ruzhnitsa - musket 13 1584-98

ryba belaia - white salmon 45 1766-68

rynda - prince's bodyguard 06 1389-1462

s"ezd - session 16 1613-34

saadak - archery equipment 13 1584-98

sables 09 16c

sacrament of marriage - brachnoe blagoslovenie 18 16-17c

sacristy - krestovaia 18 16-17c

sad - homestead, garden, farm, orchard 06 1389-1462

saf'ian - leather made of goat hides, similar to morocco leather 17 1634-45

safe-conduct(s) 45 1766-68

sagadaki - bow and arrows with quivers 07 15c

Saian Mountain Tatars - ethnic subgroup 23 17c

saigat - trophy 04 13-14c

Saint - use "St." 45 1776-68

St. Bartholemew's massacre 11 16c

St. Catherine's (Liberation) - order of chivalry 29 18c

St. George's Day (April 23 and November 26) 08 15c

St. Nicholas Day (December 6) 20 17c

St. Nikon - miraculous icon 15 1606-13

St. Paul, feast day of 48 1772-74

St. Peter - galliot 48 1772-74

St. Peter's Day (June 29) 48 1772-74

St. Philip's Day (October 22) 06 1389-1462

St. Simon's Day 20 17c

Saksen-meiningskii - of Saxe-Meiningen 35 1730s

Saksins - people, descendants of Khazars 04 13-14c

saksontsy - Saxons 24

sal ammoniac - nashatyr 21 17c

salary scales 29 18c

sally, sortie - vylazka 20 17c

salt mines, royal Polish 48 1772-74

Salt tax - solianyi sbor 48 1772-74

Saltonut - tribe 38 1745-48

salutation - poklon 06 1389-1462

salvo - strel'ba 20 17c

Samogitians - nation 01 9-11c

samopal - ancient smoothbore weapon loaded from muzzle

(flintlock?), muzzleloader 45 1776-68

samopal - crossbow 16 1613-34

samoupravlenie - autonomy 13 1584-98

samovidets - eyewitness 45 1766-68

samozvanstvo-pretenderism 11 16c

San - dignity; in Kalmyk, army division 45 1766-68

Sandomierz confederation 34 1730s

Sankt Peterburgskie vedomosti - St. Petersburg Record 35 1730s

Santa Profeetie - name of ship 26 1690s

Saracens 06 1389-1462

sarafan - tunic 04 13-14c

sarai - shed 13 1584-98

Sarmatians 35 1730s

sash (clothing) - obiaz 06 1389-1462

Saxon party (Poland) 48 1772-74

sbor - levy 12 16c

sbornik - compilation 06 1389-1462

sbornoe - collection (church tax) 06 1389-1462

sbornoe voskresene - first Sunday in Lent 45 1766-68

sbory - church services 24

schety - a kind of franchise 02 18c

screamers - klikushi 29 18c

Scythians 35 1730s

search warrant - sysknaia gramota 23 17c

Sebezh - battle 09 16c

second cousin - dvoiurodnyi vnuk 12 16c

secret tower 08 15c

seducer - prelestnik 14 1598-1606

selishche - undeveloped village 06 1389-1462

selo - a village 07 15c

seltso - a small village 07 15c

semik - the 7th Thursday after Easter 07 15c

seni - entrance hall, antechamber 12 16c

seniority - starshinstvo 06 1389-1462

serafim (adj.) - flaming (not archangels) 06 1389-1462

serdolichnyi - carnelian (semi-precious stone) 06 1389-1462

serebro v slitkakh - silver ingots 16 1613-34

serebshchina (serebshchizna) - silver collection, a war tax 45 1766-68

sergi - earrings 45 1766-68

sermiaga - coarse heavy kaftan 45 1766-68

service equipment - rukhliad 16 1613-34

servicebook - trioda 18 16-17c

session - s"ezd 16 1613-34

settlement - mestechka 15 1606-13

seven ecumenical councils 06 1389-1462

Seven Years War 48 1772-74

severiane - protoslavic tribe, Severians 14 1598-1606

sevriuga - a kind of sturgeon 45 1766-68

shackles - kandaly 20 17c

shakhter - a tent 08 15c

shako (headgear) - kiver 06 1389-1462

shamanism 48 1772-74

shapka - cap 45 1766-68

shapka (of a prince) - coronet 06 1389-1462

shapka Monomakha - cap of Monomakh 16 1613-34

shar - paint 06 1389-1462

sharap - type of drink from Shiraz 23 17c

sharpshooters 24

Shchegolin & Co. 29 18c

Shchenia 45 1766-68

shchit - shield, buckler 45 1766-68

shchuki zakornye - pike 12 16c

shed - sarai 13 1584-98

shert' - oath of loyalty (term of Arabic and Turkish extraction) 45 1766-68

Shiban horde of Tiumen 08 15c

ship taxes - sudovaia poshlina 13 1584-98

shishak - spiked helmet 45 1766-68

shliapa - hat 45 1766-68

shliapy - Hats (Swedish political faction) 38 1745-48

shortfall - izderzhka 06 1389-1462

shoulder blades - kryl'tsa 06 1389-1462

shroud - pelena 06 1389-1462

Shrovetide - maslennitsa 14 1598-1606

shuba - fur coat 45 1766-68

shvaby - Swabians 24

Siberian reserve - sibirskii zapas 18 16-17c

Siberian Road - main nomad route 23 17c

sibirskii zapas - Siberian reserve 18 16-17c

Sidous - division of Bastarnai 01 9-11c

siege engines - osadnye orudiia 16 1613-34

sierotka - Polish nickname "orphan" applied to Mikolaj Radziwi¬¬ 11 16c

silk brocade - kamka 06 1389-1462

silver ingots - serebro v slitkakh 16 1613-34

Simeonovden - St. Simeon's Day New Year's Day: 1 Sept. (14 Sept. NS) 24

sinodik - table of ranks of the Orthodox church 06 1389-1462

sinodiki - synodicals; books of the dead in Orthodox church;

list of Ivan IV's victims which he ordered composed 45 1766-68

siroty - orphans 25 1680s

skalva - scales 06 1389-1462

skaternaia - table cloth duty (tax), import tax 45 1766-68

skazanie - tale 45 1766-68

skhima - strictest (monastic) vows 14 1598-1606

skopchestvo (skoptsy) heresy - castration heresy 48 1772-74

skoptsy - castrates 45 1766-68

skorlatnoe - an expensive fabric 06 1389-1462

skoryi pomoshchnik - speedy helper 45 1766-68

skuf'ia - cowl 14 16c

slava - glory 45 1766-68

slavlenie - carol singing 26 1690s

Slavophiles 24

Slavs 06 1389-1462

investigatory report - sledstvennoe delo 13 1584-98

sliuda - mica 45 1766-68

Slobodskaia Ukraina - Northeastern Ukraine 20 17c

Slovenes (Ilmen Slavs) 01 9-11c

Slovo o polku Igoreve - Tale of Igor's Campaign 02 11-12c

sluchai soiuza - causus foederis 38 1745-48

sluzhba - military service; holding office; a church service 06 1389-1462

sluzhba ratchina - military service 12 16c

sluzhiloe kholopstvo - service contract slavery 45 1766-68

small claims - mirovye zapisi 06 1389-1462

small postal dues - malye yamsechini 25 1680s

smolchug - pitch 35 1730s

Smolensk embassy 15 1606-13

Smolensk inhabitants - Smoliane 10 16c

Smolensk War 15 1606-13

Smoliane - Smolensk inhabitants 10 16c

smotret' po spiskam - call the roll 16 1613-34

smuta - trouble, sedition, rebellion, unrest 45 1766-68

smutnoe vrenia - Time of Troubles 45 1766-68

snariad ognestrel'nyi - firearms 13 1584-98

So-called Other Tale - chronicle 14 1598-1606

sobiranie zemli russkoi - "the gathering of the Russian land" 45 1766-68

soboli sorokani - sable furs 24

sobornnyi ploshchad - cathedral square 25 1680s

Sobornoe Ulozhenie - Law Code of 1649; the Code of 1649;

the Code 45 1766-68

soborovanie maslom - sacrament of anointing sick 12 16c

Socinians 14 1598-1606

soft goods - miagkaia rukhliad' 13 1584-98

sokh - plowland tax 14 1598-1606

sokha - measure (unit) of taxpaying plowland 45 1766-68

sokhna 07 15c

sokolok (sokolkami) - falconet type artillery pieces relatin to

regimental artillery (polkovyi razriad) 45 1766-68

solianyi sbor - salt tax 48 1772-74

Sorbs (Baltic Slav tribe) 01 9-11c

sorcerer - znakhar' 06 1389-1462

sorok - forty (of sables) 26 1690s

soslovie - estate (in the medieval sense of a social class) 45 1766-68

Sosoly - Finnic people 02 11-12c

sosudy serdilikovye - utensils of Sardian stone 24

Sosva Ostiaks - regional ethnic subgroup 23 17c

soul tax - podushnyi podat' 48 1772-74

Sound tolls 48 1772-74

South Slavs 45 1766-68

Southern Alliance 48 1772-74

Southwest, the 48 1772-74

sov - spear 04 13-14c

Spaniards 24

Spanish Succession, War of the 35 1730s

spear - sov 04 13-14c

Specula - Zertsala or "Mirrors" 24

spiski - copies, variants (not lists) 06 1389-1462

Spori - division of Alans 01 9-11c

spusk - funnel 12 16c

Sretenie - Presentation of Our Lord, feast of (January 6) 25 1680s

stake - advance to a new settler 06 1389-1462

stan - site, environs 06 1389-1462

standard - znamia 06 1389-1462

Starina - old customs, precedents or traditions 45 1766-68

staroobriadtsy - Old Ritualists, Old Believers 25 1680s

starshii put' - rights of the senior 06 1389-1462

starshinstvo - seniority 06 1389-1462

staryi slavianskii iazyk - Old Slavic language 16 1613-34

State Council (Danish) 48 1772-74

state lands - chernye zemli 06 1389-1462

stateinyi spisok - official protocol 12 16c

Statute (Voinsky ustav) Military Statute 29 18c

statute of bound service - krepostnoi ustav 06 1389-1462

stavlennaia gramota - official protocol 12 16c

Stepennaia kniga - Book of Degrees 35 1730s

stiag - banner, standard 45 1766-68

stiazhateli - defenders of church/monasteries right to own land 45 1766-68

stikhari - surplices 08 15c

stikhira - hymn 45 1766-68

stockade - ostrog 04 13-14c

stoianie - the service celebrated on the Thursday before

Palm Sunday 45 1766-68

stol - throne 45 1766-68

stole - barma (-y) 06 1389-1462

Stolbovo, peace of 15 1606-13

stone guard house - kamennaia budka 21 17c

storage fees - sval'naia poshlina 13 1584-98

storehouse - klet' 06 1389-1462

storehouse - kliuchnitsa 06 1389-1462

storona - tract 06 1389-1462

storozhevoe - special collection, tax 06 1389-1462

strasti gospodni - Passion of Christ; Holy Thursday services;

the twelve Passion gospels 06 1389-1462

strastnaia nedelia - Holy Week 16 1613-34

strastnaia subbota - Holy Saturday 18 16-17c

street barriers - rogatochnye, rogatki 48 1772-74

strel'ba - salvo 20 17c

striapnia - regalia 24

strigolniks - members of a rationalistic sect in Novgorod in 14c 07 15c

Stroganov Chronicle 11 16c

strongbox - iashchik 06 1389-1462

strongbox - kruzhka 18 16-17c

strug - skiff, raft, longboat 12 16c

sturgeon sweetbreads - tesha buluzh'ia 25 1680s

sturgeon, gristle food - viaziga 25 1680s

subcutaneous blood - krov' rozhechnaia 21 17c

subsidy - pomoch' den'gami 13 1584-98

suburb - posad 15 1606-13

sud - court case, litigation, court ruling, a law, statute,

court fine, condemnation, punishment, expiration (death) 06 1389-1462

sudebnik - Muscovite code of laws 07 15c

sudebnitsa - court chamber 06 1389-1462

sudnaia gramota - rescript of laws, statutes, statute charter 06 1389-1462

sudovaia gruzovaia poshlina - tonnage rate 13 1584-98

sudovaia podelka - marine insurance 16 1613-34

sudovaia poshlina - ship taxes 13 1584-98

sugar wood - drevo sakharnoe 21 17c

Sugdeans - Lithuanian tribe 01 9-11c

sukhar' - dry crust of bread 45 1766-68

sukhotka - ataxia (disease) 06 1389-1462

sukno netianutoe - "unstretched" cloth; good quality 23 17c

sulitsa - spear 06 1389-1462

Supernova of 1604 14 1598-1606

surety - poruka 16 1613-34

svadebnyi pod"em - wedding deposit 12 16c

sval'naia poshlina - storage fees 13 1584-98

svat - father-in-law of son or daughter 02 12c

svetlitsa - front room, parlor 12 16c

svetloe voskresen'e - Palm Sunday 16 1613-34

sviataia nedelia - Holy Week 48 1772-74

sviataia voda - holy water 05 1389-1462

sviatki - Yuletide 26 1690s

sviatoi - holy 45 1766-68

sviaz' - a complex 12 16c

sviditel'stvo - eyewitness account, testimony 06 1389-1462

sviti - expensive jackets without sleeves 08 15c

svod - confrontment (Vernadsky MRL) 01 9-11c

svod - digest of chronicles or of laws 45 1766-68

Swabians 24

swaddling clothes - pelenki 13 1584-98

Swedes 06 1389-1462

Synopsis - by Innokenty (book) 24

sysknaia gramota - search warrant, investigation orders 23 17c

szliachta rokosz - rebellion of the gentry (Poland) 45 1766-68

Taborites 24

Tadzhiks (Teziks) - Bactrian ethnic group 23 17c

tafia - skullcap 45 1766-68

taking to the field - court-appointed duel 06 1389-1462

Tale of the Earthquake of 1460 06 1389-1462

Tale of the Grand Prince Dmitry Ivanovich, His Cousin Prince

Vladimir Andreevich, and How They Defeated Their Enemy

Tsar Mamay 06 1389-1462

Tale of the Honorable Life of Tsar Fedor Ivanovich (attributed to Patriarch Job) 14 1598-1606

Tale of Kitovras 06 1389-1462

Tale of Luka Kolotsky 06 1389-1462

Tale of the Miracle of St. Varlaam 06 1389-1462

Tale of the Wondrous Miracle of the Icon of the Blessed

Mother of God, Which Is Called That of Vladimir 06 1389-1462

Tale of the Year 1606 - chronicle. 14 1598-1606

Tale of Tsarevich Mustafa 06 1389-1462

Tales of the Kingdom of Kazan 07 15c

tallage - zaprosnye den'gi 16 1613-34

tamga - general customs duty; tribute paid in gold 06 1389-1462

tamga - tolls 15 1606-13

tamga - trade tax (except grains) on buyer & seller, excise duty 45 1766-68

tamozhannaia gramota - commercial ordinance 12 16c

tamozhennye poshliny - customs duties 16 1613-34

tapkan(a) - unsprung carriage 45 1766-68

taran - battering ram 06 1389-1462

Tararui - the Braggard (Khovansky) 25 1680s

tariff (in commerce) - poshlina 06 1389-1462

tarkhan, tarkhannaia gramote - charter of ecclesiatical immunity 15 1606-13

tarkhannaia gramota - charter of immunity 15 1606-13

Tatar khanates 10 16c

Tatar tribute - vykhod 04 13-14c

Tatars 07 15c

tatin rubl' - fine for thievery 06 1389-1462

Tauri - tribe 01 9-11c

tavern - kharcheva 17 1634-45

tax (fixed) - oklad 38 1745-48

tax exemption - l'gota 16 1613-34

tax farming charters - otkupnye gramoty 13 1584-98

taxation 24

taxes 07 15c

tebenka - curved part of the saddle 06 1389-1462

telega - cart 45 1766-68

Teleuts - Siberian ethnic group 23 17c

temnitsa - dungeon 13 1584-98

ten-percent tax - desiataia chast' 48 1772-74

tenth money - desiataia denga. Tax of tenth of income for

military campaigns 25 1680s

Terek Cossacks 14 1598-1606

terem - keep, tower court 01 9-11c

terlik - short-sleeved caftan 06 1389-1462

tesark- broadsword, cutlass 45 1766-68

Teschen, treaty of (1779) 48 1772-74

tesha beluzh'ia - sturgeon sweetbreads 25 1680s

testament - riad 04 13-14c

Testament of the Prelate Matvey of Saray to His Children 06 1389-1462

Testament of Vladimir Monomakh 24

Teusen, treaty of 15 1606-13

Thessagetae - tribe 01 9-11c

The Tale of Savva 24

Thirteen Years War 20 17c

Thirty Years War 15 1606-13

Thracians - Fraki 01 9-11c

Thuringians 24

tiaglo - the fiscal, service and labor obligations imposed

on a tax-paying citizen by the government 45 1766-68

tiagost' - authority; burden, hardship 06 1389-1462

tianut' (verb) - pertain, be subordinate to, belong to 06 1389-1462

tiara worn by married women - kichka 06 1389-1462

Time of Troubles, the Troubles 14 1598-1606

Timurid dynasty 48 1772-74

tithe - blagoslovennaia kunitsa 12 16c

titles, dispute over 15 1606-13

tiufiaki - artillery for small shot 08 15c

Tivertsi - tribe 01 9-11c

tocsin - nabat, nabatnyi kolokol 15 1606-13

tolka - assistance (given by peasants or neighbors) in farm work 45 1766-68

tolls - proezzhie poshliny 17 1634-45

tolls - tamga 15 1606-13

toloka - pasture land, virgin soil 12 16c

tolokno - oat flour 45 1766-68

tonnage rate - sudovaia gruzovaia poshlina 13 1584-98

topor - axe, hatchet 45 1766-68

torgovye poshliny - commercial duties 13 1584-98

Torgovyi ustav 1765 - Commercial Code of 1765 45 1766-68

Torks - tribe 01 9-11c

torusitskie - honey farms 07 15c

torzhestvennaia audientsiia - formal audience 18 16-17c

torzhestvennik - book of texts for holy days 18 16-17c

torzhishche - trade center 06 1389-1462

tour of duty - sluzhba 16 1613-34

tower - koster 06 1389-1462

town elders - gorodovye starosty 15 1606-13

town government 08 15c

toys - galanochki 18 17c

transit duties - poshliny otvoznye 17 1634-45

trapeze - refectory 18 16-17c

travel permit - proezzhaia gramota 15 1606-13

travel stipend - ezd 12 16c

Travendal, Peace of 26 1690s

travlia - mêlée 13 1584-98

Treasury 08 15c

treasury money (public funds) - kazannye den'gi 12 16c

Treaty of Prut 34 1730s

Treaty of Seville 34 1730s

Treaty of Vienna 34 1730s

trebnik - church service book, prayerbook 06 1389-1462

tretnoye (zhalovanie) - 1/3 of the year; thirds 37 1741-44

triasavitsa - the shakes; chills and fever 06 1389-1462

tribute - dan' 13 1584-98

tribute - garach 23 17c

tribute, Tatar - vykhod 24

Tridentinskii Sobor - Council of Trent 11 16c

Trinity Day 24

triod' - prayer book 06 1389-1462

trioda - servicebook 18 16-17c

troeperstie - using a hand to make the sign of the cross 45 1766-68

Troitsa - Pentecost, Whitsunday, Trinity Sunday (movable feast) 06 1389-1462

Troitsyn den' - feast of Holy Trinity (Day) 24

trophy - saigat 04 13-14c

truby - trumpets 16 1613-34

Truce of Polianovka 06 1389-1462

trudovoe pravo - toiler's right 45 1766-68

trumpets - truby 16 1613-34

trut, trutnik - tinder fungus 06 1389-1462

tsar's letter of clemency - milostivaia tsarskaia gramota 21 17c

tsar's tithe - desiatiny, desiatinnaia pashnia 17 1634-45

Tsar's tower 08 15c

tsarskii - use "the tsar's" - not "tsarist"

tsarskoe zhalovan'e - tsar's allowance 25 1680s

tsata - small coin (dinar); when on icon, semicircular ornament 06 1389-1462

tsekh - artisan guild (west russia) 45 1766-68

tsekhi - craft guilds 48 1772-74

tserkovnoe pravilo - canonical collections, nomocanon 06 1389-1462

tshan kozhevnichii - vat for tanning 06 1389-1462

tsren - salt pan 12 16c

Tsvetnaia trioda - Colored Troode (book) 14 1598-1606

tsynsha - quitrent in Lithuania 12 16c

Tubin(tsy) -Turkic people on lower Triba river 25 1680s

Tula inhabitants - Tuliane 10 16c

Tuliane - Tula inhabitants 10 16c

Tungus 29 18c

tur - gabion 06 1389-1462

turban - chalma 18 16-17c

Turkish-style daggers - nozhi tulunbasy 17 1634-45

Turks 06 1389-1462

turncoat - peremetchik 04 13-14c

Turpei - tribe 09 16c

tury - gabions 16 1613-34

Tushimo Brigand - tsar, tsarlet 15 1606-13

Tushinites - tushintsy 15 1606-13

Tushino Poles 15 1606-13

Tushino Russians 15 1606-13

Tushintsy - Tushinites 15 1606-13

Tver Chronicle 06 1389-1462

tverdynia - stronghold 45 1766-68

tyn - fence 45 1766-68

ubrus - kerchief, shawl 45 1766-68

ubytok - legal fees, court costs 12 16c

uchug - fish (esp. salmon) traps 37 1741-44

ugovor - compact, persuasion 06 1389-1462

Ugrians - tribe 01 9-11c

ukaznaia gramota - ordinance 12 16c

Ukraina - borderland 45 1766-68

Ukrainnik - inhabitant of a borderland, frontiersman 45 1766-68

Ukrainskaia linia - Ukrainian Line; built by Peter I connecting

the Dnieper and Donets.

Completed 1738 35 1730s

ukreplenie - fortification 15 1606-13

ukryvatelstvo - receiving stolen goods, harboring deserters/fugitive 37 1741-44

Ulichi (Uglichi) - tribe 01 9-11c

ulitsa - street; street commune (novgorod) 45 1766-68

ulozhen'e - canon (list of saints) 17 1634-45

ulozhenie - code of laws 35 1730s

ulus - a Tatar nomad tent village, encampment 13 1584-98

unassessed levies - neokladnye dokhody 25 1680s

under arrest - za pristavami 13 1584-98

unfrocking - nizverzhenie iz san 18 16-17c

Uniates 35 1730s

Uniia - the (church) Union 20 17c

Union of Brest 24

Union of Krewo 15 1606-13

Union of Lublin 24

Unitarians 14 1598-1606

universal - a circular used to publish news or regulations 20 17c

unleavened bread - kvasnyi khleb 18 16-17c

unleavened communion wafers - opresnoki 18 16-17c

unloading duties - poshlina sval'naia 13 1584-98

unprecedented, unheard of - neznaemyi 06 1389-1462

Uralian (Uralic) languages - language family 23 17c

uravnitelnyi sbor - equalized levy 37 1741-44

uraziti (verb) - to strike and wound, defeat 06 1389-1462

urban insurrections 24

uriad - rank 12 16c

urochnye leta - free years 15 1606-13

urok - levy, allotment 06 1389-1462

ushkui - flat-bottomed boat with sails and oars 06 1389-1462

ushkuiniki - raiders 06 1389-1462

ustav. See code, statute 35 1730s

ustav ratnykh del - military manual, regulations 15 1606-13

ustavnye gramoty - statute charters 45 1766-68

utverzhdennaia gramota - confirmatory charter 16 1613-34

uvech'e - injury or maiming, and compensation fine 12 16c

uzel - amulet 06 1389-1462

uzolki - small knots used as seals 12 16c

v rostakh - at usurious rates 06 1389-1462

v roznitsu - retail 16 1613-34

v rugu - mantenance or support of parish clergy 06 1389-1462

v shest' kiev - kii is a rod, cane, stick 12 16c

v stanu - to put up fifty rubles; do something without fail 06 1389-1462

v zaklad - as hostages 13 1584-98

v"ezdnoe - installation tax (ecclesiastical) 06 1389-1462

vaghnoy - a type of root 45 1766-68

val - wall, rampart 45 1766-68

validation charter - dokladnaia gramota 12 16c

vandysh - sparling or European smelt 12 16c

Variag(i) - Varangian(s) 01 9-11c

Variagi-rusi - Varangian Rus 35 1730s

varnitsa - saltworks 06 1389-1462

Vasiliologion - list of rulers 24

vatagi - groups of hunters or fishermen 06 1389-1462

veal - dietary prohibition among Muscovites 15 1606-13

vecherni - vespers 25 1680s

vechernia - vespers, vespertide 45 1766-68

vechnye gramoty - charters enacted by the veche (Novgorod)

assembly 45 1766-68

vechnyi mir - permanent ("eternal") peace 13 1584-98

vedomosti - newspapers; news, transaction 35 1730s

vedomstvo - agency, bureau 24

veksel' - letter of exchange 37 1741-44

velik den' - Easter Sunday 06 1389-1462

velikii nakaz - Great Nakaz - Catherine's instruction of 1767 48 1772-74

Velikopoliane - the Great Poles, Poland 08 15c

venality - korystoliubie 06 1389-1462

venechnoe znamia - marriage certificate 12 16c

Venedi (Wends) 01 9-11c

Venetians 06 1389-1462

veno - a husband's property given to widow as compensation

for dowry 07 15c

veno - marriage settlement, bride price 12 16c

veno - portion of land (Lith) 45 1766-68

venous blood - krov' zhil'naia 21 17c

venovaia zapis' - dowry contract 15 1606-13

ventsi nozhenie - bridal crown tax (of new brides); actually

wedding crowns 45 1766-68

Venus, Transit of - astronomical phenomenon 48 1772-74

verbnaia nedelia - Holy Week 02 12c

verbnoe voskresen'e - Palm Sunday 24

verii - "praise" 45 1766-68

vernaia sluzhba - system of collection of liquor and customs

taxes by sworn officials begun 1681 25 1680s

verouchenie - dogma 18 16-17c

vertoglavyi - frivolous, fickle 23 17c

ves' - Yatviag village 04 13-14c

veschee - weighing fee 06 1389-1462

vespers - vechernia 25 1680s

vestry church 08 15c

Vguly - Voguls 07 15c

viachshii (adj.) - powerful (also viashchii) 06 1389-1462

Viatchane - Viatka inhabitants 10 16c

Viatichi - tribe 01 9-11c

Viatka inhabitants - Viatchane 10 16c

viazchaia - fee for tying up (apprehending) criminal 06 1389-1462

viaziga - sturgeon, gristle food 25 1680s

vigil - bdenie 18 16-17c

vira (bloodwite) - fine payable to a prince for murder 45 1766-68

vira dikaia - fines 45 1766-68

virgin bread - bogorodichnyi khleb 11 16c

Virgin of Smolensk - icon 14 1598-1606

Virgin of Vladimir - icon 14 1598-1606

"Virgin's labor" - polog bogoroditsy 18 16-17c

Visigoths 24

vitiistvo - oratory 23 17c

vitriol - kuporos 21 17c

vkladchik - donor (to monastery) 17 1634-45

vkladnaia gramota - memorial request 12 16c

Vladimir-Rostov Chronicle 06 1389-1462

vladychnyi stiag - bishop's banner 45 1766-68

vlaznoe - subsistence payment by new prisoners to jailors 25 1680s

vnutrennie tamozhni - domestic tariffs, excise taxes 12 16c

Vod - northern Finnic tribe 02 12c

vodka naryzzhovaia - type of spirits 23 17c

vodka tax 48 1772-74

voennye artikuly - Articles of War 37 1741-44

Vogulichi - Voguls 45 1766-68

Voguls. See Mansi 14 1598-1606

voinskaia potekha - war game 14 1598-1606

voinskii ustav - Military Regulations (Statute not preferred) 37 1741-44

vol'nost' - privilege 06 1389-1462

Volga Cossacks 35 1730s

Volhynian Chronicle 06 1389-1462

volia - liberty 20 17c

volok - field 12 16c

volok - portage 45 1766-68

voloka - plowland 12 16c

volokita - delay 12 16c

voluntary bondage - dobrovol'noe kholopstvo 15 1606-13

vorongrai - augury 12 16c

Vostok - east (direction); East (region, culture, people) 24

Votiaks - Finnic people 29 18c

votola sazhennaia - cloak with precious stones 06 1389-1462

Vozdvizhenie Khrista Gospodina - elevation of the Cross

of Our Lord, feast 25 1680s

Vozhanians, tribe 06 1389-1462

voznye (vvoznye) - customs duty on foreign goods 06 1389-1462

vstupat'sia (verb) - to intrude (on territory) 06 1389-1462

vyboiki - crude cotton prints 17 1634-45

vydacha golovoiu - extradition of the culpable to the man offended 45 1766-68

vykhod - tribute (to the Tatars) 45 1766-68

vylazka - sally, sortie 20 17c

vypis - a document, especially an extract from a longer document 45 1766-68

vysha - pier 35 1730s

vyt - a tax assessment unit of land = to between 65 and 81 acres 45 1766-68

vyt - part, fate (dopravliat vyt = collect (debts) from someone) 37 1741-44

vyt ne tselaia - partial plowland levy 12 16c

vyvoz - exportation 45 1766-68

vzgon - forced levy of men (to perform particular task) 06 1389-1462

vziat' na shchit - plunder 02 12c

wall - val 48 1772-74

wall-eye - bel'mo 21 17c

Wallachians 10 16c

walrus tusk (lit. "fish bone") - kost' rybaia 23 17c

war club - oslop 06 1389-1462

War of Spanish Succession 48 1772-74

War of the Austrian Succession 48 1772-74

War of the Bavarian Succession 48 1772-74

wash house - portomoin' 18 16-17c

wedding feast - kasha 06 1389-1462

weighing fee - pod"emnaia poshlina 13 1584-98

weighing fee - pud, pudovaia 06 1389-1462

Wends (Venedi) 01 9-11c

Westminster, Treaty of 48 1772-74

Westphalia, Peace of 48 1772-74

White Kalmyks - Siberian ethnic group 23 17c

White Russia 48 1772-74

White Wall, quarter - Belyi gorod 48 1772-74

Wild bloodwite - dikaia vira 01 9-11c

Wild Lop 08 15c

Wilmanstrand - Russian fortress 48 1772-74

wise man, wise elder - znakhar' 06 1389-1462

word of pardon - milostivoe slovo 21 17c

women's quarters - terem 24

writs - listy 23 17c

Yaik Cossacks 15 1606-13

yakhont - corundum; rubies and sapphires 23 17c

Yakuts 29 18c

yarlyk - a Mongol tax 45 1766-68

yarlyk -Tatar charter usually for immunities or privileges, patent 08 15c

Yastyns - Siberian ethnic group 23 17c

Yasy - people 01 9-11c

Yatviags - nation 01 9-11c

Yazygi - nation 01 9-11c

Yazyk - tribe 45 1766-68

Yedichkuly Tatars 46 1768-70

Yugorians - Siberian nomadic people 11 16c

Yugra, tribe 06 1389-1462

Yugrians - tribe 09 18c

Yukagirs - Siberian ethnic group 23 17c

Yunosti chestnoe zertsalo - Youth's Honest Mirror 35 1730s

Yuriev inhabitants - yurievtsy 10 16c

Yurievtsy - Yuriev inhabitants 10 16c

yurt - Tatar dwelling 04 13-14c

za pristavami - under arrest 13 1584-98

zabrala (zabralo) - parapet 06 1389-1462

zadei - zodiac 12 16c

zaemnoe delo - debt 12 16c

zaezd - ecclesiastical tax 06 1389-1462

zaezd - overriding, jumping rank 06 1389-1462

zaezd - visitation tax 12 16c

zagovenia - fast eve (last day to eat meat before an Orthodox fast) 45 1766-68

zaiezdnich - payments from populace for visiting church prelates 08 15c

zaimka - right of occupancy 45 1766-68

zaimshchik - lien 48 1772-74

zakaz - command 48 1772-74

zaklad - mortgage, pledge 45 17c

zakladnaia kabala - mortgage contract 15 1606-13

zakladnichestvo - pledged dependence (state of having pledged

one self into dependenceupon another), legal condition 24

zalog - pledge 15 1606-13

zalozhit' (verb) - put up as collateral 06 1389-1462

zámok - castle 13 1584-98

zamytnaia poshlina - city taxes 13 1584-98

zapal - fuse, primer 45 1766-68

zapfa - trunnions 45 1766-68

zapis' - subpoena 12 16c

zapis' v platezhe deneg - promissory note 16 1613-34

zapona - pendant 17 1634-45

zapornyi nevod - seine nets 12 16c

Zaporozhian Cossacks 34 1730s

zapovednye leta - forbidden years 14 16c

zapovednye tovary - contraband 13 1584-98

zaprosnye den'gi - tallage 16 1613-34

zaruchnaia (bumaga) - signed (document) 37 1741-44

zasek - abatis 12 16c

zastava - checkpoint 18 16-17c

zastavy - picket gates 26 1690s

zaupokoinaia - requiem mass 18 16-17c

zautreni(a) - matins 25 17c

zaveshchanie - testament 35 1730s

zavolzhskie startsy - trans-Volga hermits 45 1766-68

zazivnich - collections for other invited guests 08 15c

zemlia - land 45 1766-68

zemshchina - Land domains, domains of the Land

zemskie povinnosti - corvées 13 1584-98

zemskoe delo - affairs of the land, realm, i.e. of the nation 45 1766-68

zenden - silken cloth 17 1634-45

zershiki - dice players 24

zertsalo - metal armor composed of two halves for protection

of chest and shoulders 24

zertsalo - official seal (épaulière) 45 1766-68

zgadets - agreement 06 1389-1462

zhalovan'e - grant; salary 45 1766-68

zhalovan'e - kindness, graciousness 06 1389-1462

zhalovannaia gramota - charter 37 1741-44

zhalovannaia gramota - letters patent 20 17c

Zhemaits - Lithuanian tribe. Use Zhmud 04 13-14c

zhemchug - pearls 06 1389-1462

zhena - woman, wife 45 1766-68

zhezl - baton 24

Zhezl pravlenii - The Scepter of Government, by Simeon Polotsky 25 1680s

zhilye liudi - elders 06 1389-1462

zhivot - life (in Modern Russian, belly) 45 1766-68

zhivoty i promysky - wealth and income (usually referring to taxation) 24

Zhukov affair 48 1772-74

Zimegola - Slav tribe 01 9-11c

zipun - an outer garment similar to a caftan 45 1766-68

znakhar' - wise man, wise elder, sorcerer 06 1389-1462

znamia - marriage certificate 17 1634-45

znamia - standard, flag 06 1389-1462

znatnyi - distinguished 06 1389-1462

zobnitsa - grain measure, vessel for grain 06 1389-1462

zoloty(e) - gold pieces, gold coins 23 17c

zolotye - cloth of gold 24

Zórawno, Treaty of (1676) 25 1680s

zubatye - "toothed" or "fanged" peoples, probably Eskimos 23 17c

zverines - enclosure for animals, park 45 1766-68

Zyrians (Komi) 14 1598-1606


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