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Documents of Soviet-American Relations

Edited by Harold J. Goldberg

SovAmDocs Contents

  • Volume 1 Intervention, Famine Relief, International Affairs, 1917-1933
  • Volume 2 Propaganda, Economic Affairs, Recognition, 1917-1933

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Contents of Volume 3

Preface xii

Introduction xv

1 DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS

  1. Soviet View of Relations. Newspaper Article. 20 November 1933 1
  2. Troianovskii Presents Credentials. Statements by Troianovskii and Roosevelt. 8 January 1934 4
  3. Bullitt on Benefits of Relations. Speech. 19 January 1934 5

2 ECONOMIC RELATIONS

  1. Agreement on Debts and Loan. Memorandum. 15 November 1933 10
  2. Requested Appropriation for Embassy. Letter from FDR to Senate. 1 March 1934 11
  3. Hull and Troianovskii on Economic Differences. Memorandum. 26 March 1934 12
  4. Soviet Plan for Loan from US. Litvinov to Troianovskii. 3 April 1934 13
  5. Soviet View of Debt Issue. Litvinov to Troianovskii. 3 April 1934 14
  6. Johnson Bill and Credits. Troianovskii to Litvinov. 5 April 1934 15
  7. Litvinov Offers Debt Settlement. Hull to Bullitt. 7 April 1934 16
  8. Ban on Loans to Defaulting Nations. Johnson Act. 13 April 1934 17
  9. Legal Opinion on Soviet Debts. Memorandum. 21 April 1934 18
  10. Troianovskii Discusses Debts with FDR. Memorandum. 30 April 1934 21
  11. Johnson Act Blocks Credits to USSR. Hull to Bullitt. 7 May 1934 22
  12. Soviet Proposal on Consulate. Memorandum. 24 May 1934 23
  13. Litvinov on Debt Problem. Bullitt to Hull. 9 July 1934 24
  14. US Clarifies Debt Position. Note to Troianovskii. 25 July 1934 25
  15. Troianovskii's Compromise Plan. Memorandum. 24 August 1934 26
  16. Stalin's Views on Debts. Bullitt to Hull. 15 September 1934 27
  17. US and USSR Prepare to Break of Negotiations. Troianovskii to Litvinov. 31 January 1935 29
  18. Hull Declares Debt Talks over. Hull to Wiley. 31 January 1935 29
  19. Litvinov Responds on Debts. Wiley to Hull. 3 February 1935 31
  20. Debt Impasse Encourages Japan. Newspaper Article. 2 March 1935 32
  21. Kelley on Trade Relations. Memorandum. 6 April 1935 35
  22. Soviet Trade Proposals. Wiley to Hull. 10 April 1935 36
  23. Hull Sets Trade Terms. Hull to Wiley. 20 April 1935 37
  24. Litvinov Responds on Trade. Bullitt to Hull. 16 May 1935 38
  25. Soviet Trade Agreement Draft. Bullitt to Hull. 3 June 1935 39
  26. Hull Suggests Corrections In Trade Draft. Hull to Bullitt. 11 July 1935 41
  27. Commercial Agreement. Exchange of Notes. 13 July 1935 42
  28. USSR Rejects Debt Payments. Krestinskii to Troianovskii. 13 October 1935 45
  29. Agreement on Letters Rogatory. Exchange of Notes. 22 November 1935 46
  30. Statistics on Soviet-American Trade. Hull to Henderson. 10 July 1936 50
  31. Renewal of Commercial Treaty. Exchange of Notes. 11 July 1936 51
  32. USSR Assigns Nationalized Property to US. Exchange of Notes. 7 January 1937 53
  33. Soviet Protest of Coal Tariff. Troianovskii to Moore. 3 February 1937 54
  34. Exchange of Views on Debts. Davies Talks with Soviet Officials. 18 February 1937 55
  35. Comintern Analysis of American Economy. Newspaper Article. July 1937 58
  36. US Proposals on Commercial Agreement. Hull to Davies. 1 July 1937 63
  37. Soviet Proposals on Commercial Agreement. Davies to Hull. 6 July 1937 65
  38. US Responds to Soviet Proposals. Hull to Davies. 8 July 1937 67
  39. Commercial Agreement. Exchange of Notes. 4 August 1937 69
  40. Davies Reports on Talk with Stalin. Memorandum. 5 June 1938 74
  41. Conversation with Stalin on Debts and Loans. Message from Henderson. 6 June 1938 80
  42. Stalin's Proposal on Debts. Memorandum from Davies. 8 June 1938 81
  43. Conversation on Debts. Memorandum. 10 June 1938 82
  44. Commercial Agreement. Exchange of Notes. 5 August 1938 85
  45. Commercial Agreement. Exchange of Notes. 2 August 1939 88
  46. Commercial Agreement. Exchange of Notes. 6 August 1940 91

3 PROPAGANDA

  1. US Sees Soviet Propaganda Violations. Hull to Bullitt. 14 August 1934 95
  2. Offensive Against Communist Party. Newspaper Article. 26 January 1935 97
  3. Opposition to Congressional Report. Newspaper Article. 9 March 1935 99
  4. Comintern to Meet. Bullitt to Hull. 2 July 1935 101
  5. Bullitt Expresses Concern About Comintern. Bullitt to Hull. 8 July 1935 102
  6. Browder's Views on American Communism. Speech. 27 July 1935 104
  7. Darcy's Speech to Comintern. Bullitt to Hull. 30 July 1935 109
  8. Comintern Congress Address. Speech By Dimitrov. 2 August 1935 110
  9. Green's Speech to Comintern Congress. Bullitt to Hull. 4 August 1935 112
  10. Comintern Attacks Hearst Papers. Newspaper Article. 10 August 1935 113
  11. Browder Addresses Comintern Congress. Speech. 11 August 1935 116
  12. Comintern Congress. Telegram from Bullitt to Hull. 21 August 1935 118
  13. Comintern Congress. Telegram from Bullitt to Hull. 21 August 1935 120
  14. Comintern Congress. Telegram from Bullitt to Hull. 21 August 1935 121
  15. US Protests Comintern Congress. Press Release. 25 August 1935 122
  16. Troianovskii on Comintern Controversy. Hull to Bullitt. 26 August 1935 124
  17. Soviet Response to US Protest. Krestinskii to Bullitt. 27 August 1935 125
  18. Pravda Summarizes Soviet View. Newspaper Article. 28 August 1935 126
  19. Bullitt Suggests Strong Action. Telegram to Hull. 29 August 1935 127
  20. Hull Replies to Soviet Government. Press Release. 31 August 1935 129
  21. Comintern Rejects US Protest. Newspaper Article. 14 September 1935 131
  22. Browder on United Front Policy. Interview. 19 September 1935 133
  23. Comintern View of US Protest. Newspaper Article. 21 September 1935 135
  24. Litvinov Expresses Views. Conversation with Bullitt. 9 November 1935 138

4 INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

  1. Congress Against War Meets in New York. Newspaper Article. 3 November 1933 140
  2. Comintern View on Recognition. Article. 1 December 1933 142
  3. Comintern on US Imperialism. Newspaper Article. 15 December 1933 144
  4. Seventeenth Party Congress. Stalin's Report. 26 January 1934 147
  5. Bullitt and Litvinov on Non-Aggression Pact. Telegram from Bullitt to Hull. 21 March 1934 150
  6. Litvinov's Concerns About US. Bullitt to Hull. 9 July 1934 150
  7. Protest Against Admiral Stirling. Litvinov to Troianovskii. 17 July 1935 151
  8. US Admiral Criticizes Bolshevism. Newspaper Article. 20 July 1935 152
  9. US Position on Neutrality. Statement of the President. 31 August 1935 154
  10. Italian Invasion of Ethiopia. Article. 20 December 1935 155
  11. Japanese Aggression in China. Article. February 1936 158
  12. Soviet Expectations Summarized. Bullitt to Hull. 17 February 1936 165
  13. US Position on Neutrality. Statement of the President. 29 February 1936 167
  14. Stalin's Views on International Affairs. Interview. 1 March 1936 168
  15. USSR Wants to Buy American Arms. Soviet Embassy to the Department of State. 24 November 1936 174
  16. Conversation Between Davies and Molotov. Davies to Hull. 19 February 1937 175
  17. USSR Accepts American Invitation. Litvinov to Davies. 31 March 1937 177
  18. Mutual Congratulations on Soviet Flights. Potemkin to Troianovskii. 22 June 1937 177
  19. International Policy of US. Statement By Hull. 16 July 1937 178
  20. Admiral Yarnell Welcome in Vladivostok. Soviet Government to American Embassy. 22 July 1937 179
  21. International Policy of USSR. Statement By Litvinov. 23 July 1937 179
  22. Soviet-American Goodwill. Newspaper Article. 29 July 1937 181
  23. Welcome to US Ships. Newspaper Article. 29 July 1937 182
  24. Pravda on International Situation. Newspaper Article. 8 August 1937 184
  25. Roosevelt on Quarantine for Aggressors. Speech. 5 October 1937 185
  26. Kennan on the Embassy in Moscow. Memorandum. 24 November 1937 188
  27. Protest Against New Soviet Procedures. Henderson to Hull. 30 November 1937 192
  28. Hull Complains to Troianovskii on Treatment of Americans. Memorandum. 11 December 1937 193
  29. Davies Describes Show Trial. Davies to Hull. 2 March 1938 195
  30. Davies Talks with Litvinov. Memorandum. 14 March 1938 196
  31. Soviet Note on Austria. Statement By Litvinov. 17 March 1938 199
  32. Litvinov's Views on International Situation. Davies to Hull. 24 March 1938 200
  33. Regulation of Eskimos. Exchange of Notes. 26 March and 18 April 1938 202
  34. Soviet View of US. Report By Davies. 1 April 1938 204
  35. Davies on Soviet Strength. Davies to Hull. 6 June 1938 205
  36. Troianovskii Visits Hull. Memorandum of Conversation. 7 June 1938 210
  37. USSR Asks Permission for Visit of Research Ships. Troianovskii to Hull. 8 June and 30 June 1938 211
  38. Litvinov Comments on State Department. Conversation with Henderson. 2 July 1938 212
  39. USSR Calls for International Conference. Kirk to Hull. 28 September 1938 213
  40. Impact of Munich on World Situation. Newspaper Article. 29 October 1938 215
  41. Soviet View of Relations with US. Newspaper Article. 16 November 1938 217
  42. Soviet View of US Election. Newspaper Article. 16 November 1938 220
  43. Steinhardt Talks with Kalinin. Telegram to Hull. 11 August 1939 222

5 NEUTRALITY

  1. Hull Requests Change in Neutrality Act. Message to Senate. 14 July 1939 224
  2. Hatch Act. Act of Congress. 2 August 1939 228
  3. American Communists for Neutrality. Article. 19 September 1939 229
  4. Registration of Foreign Agents. Umanskii to Soviet Government. 4 October 1939 233
  5. Roosevelt Appeals on Finland. Message for Kalinin. 11 October 1939 234
  6. US Expresses Concern about Finland. Conversation Between Steinhardt and Molotov. 12 October 1939 235
  7. Kalinin Responds to FDR. Message for Roosevelt. 16 October 1939 237
  8. US Seeks Contact with Citizens in Poland. Steinhardt to Hull. 5 November 1939 238
  9. US Offers to Mediate Soviet-Finnish Dispute. Hull to Thurston. 29 November 1939 238
  10. US Condemns Bombing. Official Protest. 30 November 1939 239
  11. FDR Condemns Bombing. Press Conference. 1 December 1939 240
  12. US Concern for Citizens in Poland. Steinhardt to Hull. 28 December 1939 241
  13. US Citizens in Poland to Move to Rumania. Steinhardt to Hull. 31 December 1939 241
  14. Comintern View of US Imperialism. Article. January 1940 242
  15. Soviet Ambassador Complains to Hull. Memorandum of Conversation. 1 February 1940 243
  16. Soviet Protest Regarding US Actions. Steinhardt to Hull. 28 March 1940 245
  17. Hull Rejects Soviet Protest. Memorandum of Conversation. 2 April 1940 247
  18. US Restricts Sale of Strategic Materials. Aide-Memoire. 9 April 1940 249
  19. USSR Nationalizes Property in Poland. Thurston to Hull. 8 May 1940 250
  20. Instructions to Embassy On Places in Poland. Hull to Thurston. 11 May 1940 252
  21. US Rejects Nationalization. Hull to Thurston. 16 May 1940 252
  22. Hull and Umanskii Exchange Views. Memorandum of Conversation. 12 June 1940 253
  23. Soviet Protest Against US Trade Policies. Umanskii to Hull. 12 June 1940 255
  24. Smith Act. Act of Congress. 28 June 1940 257
  25. Hull Rejects Soviet Trade Protest. Hull to Umanskii. 1 July 1940 263
  26. President May Ban Exports. Act of Congress. 2 July 1940 264
  27. US Freezes Baltic Assets. Executive Order. 15 July 1940 267
  28. US Requests Consulate in Vladivostok. Hull to Thurston. 18 July 1940 267
  29. Soviet Protest of Freezing of Baltic Gold. Thurston to Hull. 20 July 1940 268
  30. US Condemns Soviet Actions in Baltic. Press Release. 23 July 1940 270
  31. Welles and Umanskii Exchange Views. Memorandum of Conversation. 27 July 1940 271
  32. Molotov Addresses Supreme Soviet. Speech. 1 August 1940 273
  33. Problems over Exports. Memorandum of Conversation. 1 August 1940 274
  34. Foreign Diplomats Ordered to Leave Baltic. Thurston to Hull. 11 August 1940 280
  35. Umanskii and Welles Discuss Problems. Memorandum of Conversation. 12 August 1940 281
  36. US Response On Diplomats in Baltic. Welles to Thurston. 13 August 1940 286
  37. Umanskii and Welles Continue Discussions. Memorandum of Conversation. 15 August 1940 287
  38. Soviet Statement On Baltic. Thurston to Hull. 22 August 1940 293
  39. Soviet Protest Regarding Baltic Gold. Thurston to Hull. 26 August 1940 295
  40. American Analysis of Soviet Foreign Policy. Memorandum. 3 October 1940 296
  41. Summary of Soviet-American Relations. Hull to Steinhardt. 3 October 1940 300
  42. Voorhis Act On Registration of Communists. Act of Congress. 17 October 1940 302
  43. Summary of US-USSR Problems. Memorandum. 26 November 1940 305
  44. Umanskii and Welles Continue Talks. Memorandum of Conversation. 27 November 1940 308
  45. Umanskii and Welles Discuss Asia. Memorandum of Conversation. 15 January 1941 310
  46. US Will Supply Weapons to Allies. Lend-Lease Act. 11 March 1941 311
  47. US Warns USSR of Invasion. Welles to Umanskii. 20 March 1941 314
  48. Umanskii and Welles Discuss Trade. Memorandum of Conversation. 9 April 1941 315
  49. Umanskii and Henderson Discuss Relations. Memorandum of Conversation. 18 April 1941 316
  50. US Announces Support for USSR. Press Conference. 23 June 1941 317
  51. Umanskii and Welles Discuss Aid. Memorandum of Conversation. 30 June 1941 318
  52. Umanskii and Henderson Discuss Relations. Memorandum of Conversation. 2 July 1941 320
  53. Hopkins and Stalin Meet. Summary of Conference. 31 July 1941 323
  54. Appeal for Meeting. Roosevelt and Churchill to Stalin. 15 August 1941 325

Chronological List of Documents 327

Selected Bibliography 333

Notes 336

Indexes 358

Biography 372


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