Academic International Press


Sports in North America (SportsDocs)

A Documentary History

In Print

  • Volume 1 Part 1 Sports in the Colonial Era, 1618-1783 Edited by Thomas L. Altherr (Metropolitan State College). 1087 documents, 496 pages. 1996. Contents of Volume 1 Part I
  • Volume 1 Part 2 Sports in the New Republic, 1784-1820 Edited by Thomas L. Altherr (Metropolitan State College). 668 documents, 469 pages. 1996. Contents of Volume 1 Part II
  • Volume 2 Origins of Modern Sports, 1820-1840 Edited by Larry K. Menna (SUNY, Farmingdale). 145 documents, 420 pages. 1994. Contents of Volume 2
  • Volume 3 The Rise of Modern Sports, 1840-1860 Edited by George B. Kirsch (Manhattan College). 150 documents, 408 pages. 1992. Contents of Volume 3
  • Volume 4 Sports in War, Revival and Expansion, 1860-1880 Edited by George B. Kirsch (Manhattan College). 147 documents, 412 pages. 1995. Contents of Volume 4
  • Volume 5 Sports Organized, 1880-1900 Edited by Gerald R. Gems (North Central College). 253 documents 529 pages. 1996. Contents of Volume 5
  • Volume 6 Sports and Reform, 1900-1920 Edited by Steven A. Riess (Northeastern Illinois University). 276 documents, 516 pages. 1996. Contents of Volume 6

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Contents of Volume 1 Part 1 (1618-1783)

Preface xxxiv

Introduction xxxviii

1 GENERAL ATTITUDES TOWARDS EXERCISE AND SPORT 1

The Official View

  1. Declaration of King James I concerning Sports, 1618 2
  2. Observance of the Sabbath and Religious Holidays Excerpt from Of Plymouth Plantation. By William Bradford 4
  3. Excerpt from New Amsterdam law, 1648 5
  4. Excerpt from Rhode Island and Providence Plantations statute, 1654 5
  5. Peter Stuyvesant, Governor of New Amsterdam, on sporting activities 5
  6. Excerpt from New Netherland ordinance, 1656 5
  7. Excerpt from Massachusetts colonial law, 1660 6
  8. Excerpt from New York provincial law, 1695 6
  9. Connecticut law, 1702 6
  10. Excerpt from The Day Which the Lord Hath Made. A Discourse Concerning the Institution and Observation of the Lords-Day. By Cotton Mather 7
  11. Excerpts from The Government and Improvement of Mirth. By Benjamin Colman 7
  12. New York City ordinance, 1707 7
  13. Excerpt from South Carolina provincial law 7
  14. Excerpts from New Hampshire provincial law 7
  15. Excerpt from Maryland provincial law 8
  16. Excerpts from New York City law, 1731 8
  17. Excerpt from Delaware provincial law 9
  18. North Carolina provincial law 9
  19. Excerpts from the journals of William Stephens 9
  20. Excerpts from the writings of Devereux Jarratt 10
  21. Excerpt from Rhode Island colonial law 10
  22. Excerpt from Georgia provincial law 10
  23. Excerpt from Rhode Island provincial law, 1769 11
  24. Excerpts from Pennsylvania state law, 1779 11
  25. Excerpt from Travels in North-America, in the Years, 1780, 1781, and 1782, by the Marquis de Chastellux. By Marquis de Chastellux 11
  26. Excerpts from Charleston, South Carolina city ordinance, 1783 12

Sports In Education

  1. Excerpts from Harvard College records 12
  2. Excerpts from Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pensilvania. By Benjamin Franklin 12
  3. Ordinance at William and Mary College 13
  4. Excerpt fom the diary of John Adams 13
  5. Excerpt from A Continuation of the Narrative of the Indian Charity School, in Lebanon, in Connecticut; From the Year 1768, to the
  6. Incorporation of It with Dartmouth College, and Removal and Settlement of It in Hanover, in the Province of New Hampshire. By Eleazer Wheelock 13

Sports as Healthful Recreation

  1. Excerpt from Leah and Rachel, or, the two Fruitful Sisters Virginia, and Mary-land. Their Present Condition, Impartially stated and Related. By John Hammond 14
  2. Excerpt from a letter from Thomas Shephard to his son 14
  3. Excerpt from a sermon by Increase Mather 14
  4. Reasons for repeal of "An Act Against Riotous Sports, Plays and Games" 14
  5. Excerpt from A Serious Address to those who unnecessarily frequent the Tavern. By Cotton Mather 15
  6. Excerpt from A Short Description of the Province of South-Carolina, with An Account of the Air, Weather, and Diseases, at Charles-Town,
  7. Written in the Year 1763. By George Milligen-Johnston 15
  8. Excerpt from Sermons to Gentlemen upon Temperance and Exercise. By Benjamin Rush 15
  9. Excerpt from the orderly book of Gen. John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg 16

Sports as Immoral Activities

  1. Excerpt from Massachusetts colonial law, 1660 16
  2. Resolutions of the Yearly Meetings of the Society of Friends 16
  3. Excerpt from the journal of Alexander Harvey 17
  4. Excerpts from the orderly books of Colonel William Henshaw 17
  5. Excerpts from The Hiftory of Pennfylvania, in North America, from the Original Inftitution and Settlement of that Province, under the firft
  6. Proprietor and Governor William Penn, in 1681, till after the Year 1742. By Robert Proud 17
  7. Excerpt from Pennsylvania state law, 1779 18
  8. Excerpt from Virginia state law 18

Work Sports

  1. Excerpts from the diary of Ezra Stiles 19


2 AQUATICS 20

Yale College law, 1774 21
Excerpts from the writings of Philip Vickers Fithian 21

Swimming

  1. Excerpts from New England's Prospect, A True, Lively and Experimentall Defcription of that Part of America, Commonly Called Nevv England. Difcovering the Ftate of that Countrie, Both as It Ftands to Our New-Come Englifh Planters; and to the Old Native Inhabitants. By William Wood 22
  2. Excerpts from the diary of Samuel Sewall 22
  3. Excerpt from the autobiography of the Rev. John Barnard 23
  4. Excerpts from the diary of William Byrd 23
  5. Excerpt from the diary of Joshua Hempstead 23
  6. Excerpt from the journal of John Fontaine 24
  7. Excerpt from The History of Louisiana, or of the Western Parts of Virginia and Carolina. Containing a Description of the Countries that lie on both Sides of the River Mississippi. With an Account of the Settlements, Inhabitants, Soil, Climate, and Products. By Antoine Le Page du Pratz 24
  8. Exerpt from "Some Improvement of Vacant Hours." By Roger Wolcott 24
  9. Notice of a swimming accident in Philadelphia, South Carolina Gazette, 1732 24
  10. Excerpt from "A Journey to the Land of Eden." By William Byrd 24
  11. Notice of a drowning near Boston, Boston News-Letter, 1735 24
  12. Excerpts from the autobiography of John Adams 25
  13. Excerpt from Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pensilvania. By Benjamin Franklin 25
  14. Excerpt from the journal of the Rev. Mr. Henry Alline 25
  15. Excerpt from "A Tour to Connecticut River, through the Colony of Massachusetts from Wells." By Paul Coffin 25
  16. Advertisement for a bathing house in New York City, New York
  17. Gazette, 1760 26
  18. Excerpt from The History of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. By Thomas Hutchinson 26
  19. Excerpt from A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, Intended for the Amusement and Instruction of Little Master Tommy and Pretty Miss Polly 26
  20. Letter from Benjamin Franklin to Oliver Neave 26
  21. Advertisement for swimming equipment, New York City 28
  22. Excerpts from the autobiography of Benjamin Franklin 28
  23. Excerpt from Sermons to Gentlemen upon Temperance and Exercise. By Benjamin Rush 29
  24. Excerpt from A Tour in the United States of America. Containing an Account of the Present Situation of that Country. By John Ferdinand Dalziel Smyth 29
  25. Excerpt from the writings of John Long 30
  26. Excerpts from the dairy of Jabez Fitch 30
  27. Excerpts from the journal of Joseph Joslin, Jr. 30
  28. Advertisements for a swimming tank, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1778 30
  29. Excerpt from the writings of Samuel Dewees 31

Boating and Sailing

  1. Notices of boating accidents in Philadelphia, Boston News-Letter, 1728 32
  2. Notice of a boating accident in New Hampshire, Boston News-Letter, 1731 33
  3. Notice about a boating accident in Boston, Maryland Gazette, 1753 33
  4. Excerpt from the diary of John Adams 33
  5. Excerpt from memoirs of Ann MacVicar Grant 34
  6. Excerpt from the diary of George Washington 34


3 ARCHERY AND SHOOTING 34

Archery among Colonists

  1. Excerpt from "Gov. Bradford's History of Plymouth Colony."
  2. By Edward Winslow 36
  3. Rhode Island and Providence Plantations statute, 1647 36
  4. Excerpts from the diary of William Byrd 36
  5. Excerpt from an account of a wedding 37
  6. Excerpt from The Art of Preserving Health. By John Armstrong 37
  7. Excerpt from A Natural and Civil History of California. By Fray Miguel Venegas 37
  8. Excerpt from the memoirs of Ann MacVicar Grant 37
  9. Excerpt from the diary of Jabez Fitch 37
  10. Excerpt from the writings of Samuel Dewees 37

Archery among Indigenous Peoples

  1. Excerpt from A Trve Relation of the Moft Profperous Voyage Made this Prefent Yeere 1605, by Captaine George Waymouth, in the Difcouery of the land of Virginia. By James Rosier 38
  2. Excerpt from "Gov. Bradford's History of Plymouth Colony." By Edward Winslow 38
  3. Excerpt from New Englands Prospect, A True, Lively and Experimentall Defcription of that Part of America, Commonly Called Nevv England. Difcovering the Ftate of that Countrie, Both As It Ftands to Our New-come Englifh Planters; and to the Old Native Inhabitants. By William Wood 38
  4. Excerpt from "A Briefe Relation of the Voyage unto Maryland." By Father Andrew White 39
  5. Excerpt from Geographia Americae with An Account of the Delaware Indians Based on Surveys and Notes Made in 1654-1656. By Peter Lindestrom 39
  6. Excerpts from A True and Faithful Account of the Four Chiefest Plantations of the English in America. Of Virginia, New England, Bermudus, Barbados. By Samuel Clarke 39
  7. Excerpt from A Two Years Journal in New-York. And Part of its Territories in America. By Charles Wooley 39
  8. Excerpt from the writings of Francis Louis Michel 40
  9. Excerpt from the journal of John Fontaine 40
  10. Excerpt from a letter from Father Sebastien Rasles to his brother 40
  11. Excerpt from the writings of Father Joseph Lafitau 40
  12. Excerpt from Jean-Bernard Bossu's Travels in the Interior of North America. By Jean-Bernard Bossu 40
  13. Excerpt from the writings of Joseph Doddridge 40
  14. Excerpt from The History of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. By Thomas Hutchinson 41
  15. Excerpt from A Concise Natural History of East and West Florida. By Bernard Romans 41
  16. Excerpt from the journal of Dr. Robert Honyman 41
  17. Excerpt from the writings of John Long 41

Shooting among Colonists

  1. Excerpt from the journal of the plantation at Plymouth. By George Morton(?) 42
  2. Excerpt from Advertisements for the Unexperienced Planters of New-England, or Anywhere or the Path-way to Experience to Erect a Plantation. By John Smith 42
  3. Court Order at Fort Orange and Beverwyck, New Netherland, 1655 42
  4. Excerpt from A Letter from South Carolina. By Thomas Nairne 42
  5. Excerpt from the journal of John Fontaine 42
  6. Excerpt from an account of a wedding 43
  7. Excerpt from Harvard College law 43
  8. Excerpt from the writings of Peter Kalm 43
  9. Excerpt from the journal of Jeduthan Baldwin 43
  10. Excerpt from the writings of Joseph Doddridge 43
  11. Excerpt from a letter from William Mylne to Miss Ann Mylne 44
  12. Excerpt from the writings of Daniel Boone 44
  13. Excerpt from The Life, Adventures, and Opinions of Col. George Hanger. By George Hanger 44

Shooting among Indigenous Peoples

  1. Excerpt from Geographia Americae with An Account of the Delaware Indians Based on Surveys and Notes Made in 1654-1656. By Peter Lindestrom 45
  2. Excerpt from A New Voyage to Carolina; Containing the Exact Defcription and Natural Hiftory of That Country. Together with the Present State Thereof. And a Journal of a Thousand Miles, Travel'd thro' feveral Nations of Indians. Giving a Particular Account of their Cuftoms, Manners, &c. By John Lawson 45
  3. Excerpt from the writings of Robert Beverly 46
  4. Excerpt from The Natural History of North-Carolina. By John Brickell 46

Shooting among the Military

  1. Excerpt from "Instructions of the Marshall, for the Better inabling of a Captaine, to the executing of his charge in this present Colonie. Iune the 22, 1611." By William Strachey(?) 46
  2. Excerpts from the diary of Joshua Hempstead 46
  3. Excerpts from the journal of Dr. Robert Honyman 47
  4. Excerpt from the autobiography of Charles Biddle 47
  5. Excerpt from a letter from Thomas Lynch to Ralph Izard 48
  6. Excerpt from the journal of John Harrower. 48
  7. Excerpt from the journal of Simeon Lyman 48
  8. Excerpt from the journal of James Thacher 48
  9. Excerpts from the journal of Henry Hamilton 49
  10. Excerpt from the journal of Erkuries Beatty 49

Shooting Exhibitions and Matches

  1. Excerpt from the writings of Edward Bland 49
  2. Proclamation of a shooting match by Governor Francis Nicholson of Virginia 49
  3. Excerpt from the writings of Francis Louis Michel 50
  4. Excerpt from the journal of Sarah Knight 50
  5. Advertisement for a shooting match, New York Journal, 1735 50
  6. Advertisement for a shooting match, South Carolina Gazette, 1747 51
  7. Advertisement for a shooting contest, New York Gazette, 1753 51
  8. Excerpt from an account of a shooting match, Maryland Gazette, 1754 51
  9. Excerpts from the diary of James Parker 51
  10. Advertisement for a shooting match, Boston Evening Post, 1773 52
  11. Advertisement for a turkey shoot 52
  12. Excerpt from a letter from John Andrews to his brother-in-law 52
  13. Advertisement for a shooting contest, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1778 52


4 BASEBALL AND SIMILAR BALL GAMES 53

  1. Excerpt from the writings of William Bradford 54
  2. Excerpt from the diary of Samuel Sewall 54
  3. Excerpt from The Natural History of North-Carolina. By John Brickell 54
  4. Excerpt from Yale college statute 54
  5. Excerpt from A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, Intended for the Amusement and Instruction of Little Master Tommy and Pretty Miss Polly 54
  6. Excerpt from New Hampshire law, 1771 55
  7. Excerpt from the journal of Simeon Lyman 55
  8. Excerpts from the journal of Ebenezer Elmer 55
  9. Excerpts from the diary of Jabez Fitch 56
  10. Excerpt from the writings of Charles Herbert 56
  11. Excerpt from the journal of George Ewing 56
  12. Excerpt from the journal of Joseph Joslin, Jr. 56
  13. Excerpt from the diary of Benjamin Gilbert 57
  14. Excerpts from the diary of Enos Stevens 57
  15. Excerpt from the writings of Henry Dearborn 57
  16. Excerpt from the journal of Samuel Shute 57
  17. Excerpt from Dartmouth College law 57
  18. Excerpt from the writings of Samuel Dewees 58
  19. Excerpt from the writings of Joel Shepard 58


5 BLOOD SPORTS 58

Cockfighting

  1. Excerpts from the diary of Samuel Sewall 59
  2. Excerpt from The Present State of Virginia. By Hugh Jones 60
  3. Advertisement for a cockfight, South Carolina Gazette, 1733 60
  4. Advertisements for cockfights, South Carolina Gazette, 1735 60
  5. Excerpt from The Natural History of North-Carolina. By John Brickell 60
  6. Excerpt from the diary of William Byrd 60
  7. Excerpt from the wriitings of John Randolph 61
  8. Excerpt from the diary of Robert Rose 61
  9. Excerpt from a letter from Francis Jerdone to Buchanan and Hamilton, London merchants 61
  10. Advertisement for a cockfight, Virginia Gazette, 1751 61
  11. Excerpt from the diary of John Blair 61
  12. Essay against cockfighting, Virginia Gazette, 1752 61
  13. Advertisement for a cockfight, Virginia Gazette, 1752 63
  14. Excerpt from the diary of George Washington 64
  15. Excerpt from a letter from George Hume to his brother John Hume 64
  16. Ordinance at William and Mary College 64
  17. Account of a cockfight, Virginia Gazette, 1755 64
  18. Excerpt from the will of Robert Page 64
  19. Advertisement for a cockfight, Virginia Gazette, 1768 64
  20. Account of a servant transaction at a cockfight, Rind's Virginia Gazette, 1769 65
  21. "The Cock-Fighter, an Elegy." By Francis Hopkinson 65
  22. Advertisements for cockfights, Virginia Gazette, 1770 66
  23. Excerpt from "Plans for an Academy at Providence, in New Kent." By Charles Jeffery Smith 66
  24. Excerpt from the diary of Jacob Hiltzheimer 67
  25. Advertisement for a cockfight, Rind's Virginia Gazette, 1770 67
  26. Advertisement for a cockfight, Virginia Gazette, 1771 67
  27. Excerpt from A Tour in the United States of America. Containing an Account of the Present Situation of that Country. By John Ferdinand Dalziel Smyth 67
  28. Excerpts from the writings of Philip Vickers Fithian 67
  29. Excerpt from a letter from Wilmington, North Carolina 68
  30. Excerpts from the journal of Ebenezer Hazard 68
  31. Announcement for a cockfight, Royal Pennsylvania Gazette, 1778 68
  32. Excerpt from Travels through the Interior Parts of America. By Thomas Anburey 68
  33. Advertisement for cockfighting equipment, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1778 69
  34. Excerpt from the correspondence of Andrew Jackson 69
  35. Advertisement for a cockfighting manual, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1781 69
  36. Excerpt from the journal of Jean-Baptiste-Antoine de Verger 70
  37. Excerpt from the journal of Baron Ludwig von Closen 70
  38. Excerpt from Travels in North-America, in the Years, 1780, 1781, and 1782, by the Marquis de Chastellux. By Marquis de Chastellux 70
  39. Quotation of an English gentleman 71
  40. Advertisement for cockfighting equipment, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1783 71
  41. Excerpt from the writings of Johann David Schoepf 71
  42. Advertisement for cockfighting equipment, [Rivington's] New-York Gazette and Universal Advertiser, 1783 71

Other Blood Sports

  1. Excerpt from the journal of an English traveler 72
  2. Excerpts from New England's Prospect, A True, Lively and Experimentall Defcription of that Part of America, Commonly Called Nevv England. Difcovering the Ftate of that Countrie, Both as It Ftands to Our New-Come Englifh Planters; and to the Old Native Inhabitants. By William Wood 72
  3. Quotation from a sermon by Increase Mather 73
  4. Excerpt from a letter from Josiah Cotton to Rowland Cotton 73
  5. Excerpt from The Government and Improvement of Mirth. By Benjamin Colman 73
  6. Advertisement for a bear-baiting, Boston Gazette, 1726 73
  7. Excerpt from "A Journey to the Land of Eden." By William Byrd 73
  8. Excerpt from an advertisement about a fair and horse racing, Virginia Gazette, 1739 74
  9. Advertisement for a pig race, South Carolina Gazette, 1734 74
  10. Advertisement for a bear and turkey shoot, Boston Evening Post, 1773 74
  11. Advertisement for a bull-baiting, Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, 1774 74
  12. Excerpt from the memoirs of Tench Tilghman 74
  13. Excerpt from the diary of Landon Carter 74
  14. Advertisements for bull-baitings, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1781 75
  15. Advertisement for a bull-baiting, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1783 75
  16. Excerpt from a Charleston, South Carolina city ordinance, 1783 75


6 BOWLING AND PITCHING SPORTS 76

Bowling

  1. Excerpt from The History of the Firft Discovery and Settlement of Virginia. By William Stith 77
  2. Excerpts from the diary of Samuel Sewall 77
  3. Excerpt from the diary of William Byrd 78
  4. Advertisement for a bowling green, Boston News-Letter, 1714 78
  5. Excerpt from the inventory of Elizabeth Brooks 78
  6. Excerpt from A Satyrical Description of Commencement. Calculated to the Meridian of Cambridge in New-England 78
  7. Excerpt from a judge's order, Maryland, June 1722 78
  8. Advertisement for a bowling green, Boston Gazette, 1734 78
  9. Advertisement for bowling equipment, South Carolina Gazette, 1739 79
  10. Excerpts from the diary of William Byrd 79
  11. Advertisement for a bowling green, South Carolina Gazette, 1748 81
  12. Excerpt from the diary of Landon Carter 81
  13. Excerpt from the writings of George Fisher 81
  14. Notice of a bowling match, Connecticut Courant, 1766 81
  15. Excerpt from Sermons to Gentlemen upon Temperance and Exercise. By Benjamin Rush 81
  16. Excerpt from Yale College law 82
  17. Excerpt from the writings of Philip Vickers Fithian 82
  18. Excerpt from the journal of Samuel Shute 82
  19. Excerpt from the journal of Claude Blanchard 82
  20. Excerpt from the military journal of Jeremiah Greenman 82

Long Bullets

  1. Boston, Massachusetts town by-law, 1723 82
  2. Excerpt from the writings of Philip Vickers Fithian 83
  3. Excerpt from the journal of Samuel Shute 83
  4. Excerpts from the writings of Christopher Marshall 83
  5. Excerpt from the writings of Samuel Dewees 83
  6. Excerpt from petition by Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania residents 84

Quoits

  1. Excerpt from the account of a wedding 84
  2. Excerpt from the autobiography of John Adams 84
  3. Excerpt from the journal of William Stephens 85
  4. Excerpt from Sermons to Gentlemen upon Temperance and Exercise. By Benjamin Rush 85
  5. Excerpt from the writings of Philip Vickers Fithian 85
  6. Excerpt from the writings of Charles Herbert 85
  7. Excerpt from the diary of Jabez Fitch 85
  8. Excerpt from the writings of Joel Shepard 85

Other Pitching Sports

  1. Excerpt from the writings of William Bradford 86
  2. Advertisement for shuffleboard, South Carolina Gazette, 1743 86


7 CHILDREN'S GAMES 86

  1. Excerpt from the writings of Father Paul Le Jeune 87
  2. Excerpt from The History of Louisiana, or of the Western Parts of Virginia and Carolina. Containing a Description of the Countries that lie on both Sides of the River Mississippi. With an Account of the Settlements, Inhabitants, Soil, Climate, and Products. By Antoine Le Page du Pratz 87
  3. Excerpt from the journal of James Jeffry 88
  4. Excerpt from the autobiography of John Adams 88
  5. Excerpts from A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, Intended for the Amusement and Instruction of Little Master Tommy and Pretty Miss Polly 88


8 CONTACT SPORTS 90

  1. Excerpts from the diary of William Byrd 91
  2. Excerpt from a horse racing advertisement, Virginia Gazette, 1737 91
  3. Excerpt from an advertisement about a fair and horse racing, Virginia Gazette, 1739 91
  4. Excerpt from an advertisement for a fair, Maryland Gazette, 1745 92
  5. Excerpt from a horse racing advertisement, Maryland Gazette, 1747 92
  6. Excerpt from an advertisement for a fair, Maryland Gazette, 1747 92
  7. Excerpt from the journal of Philip Vickers Fithian 92
  8. Excerpt from writings of Francisco de Miranda 93

Boxing

  1. Broughton's Rules for boxing 93
  2. Excerpt from the diary of Landon Carter 93
  3. Excerpt from the diary of Jabez Fitch 94
  4. Excerpt from Narrative of Some of the Adventures, Dangers and Sufferings of a Revolutionary Soldier. By Joseph Plumb Martin 94
  5. Comments of Johann David Schoepf on a boxing match 94

Gouging

  1. Excerpt from A New Voyage to Georgia. By A Young Gentlemen Giving an Account of his Travels to South Carolina, and Part of North Carolina. To which is added, A Curious Account of the Indians, by an Honourable Person 95
  2. Excerpt from the journal of Elkanah Watson 95
  3. Excerpts from Travels through the Interior Parts of America. By Thomas Anburey 95
  4. Comments on Virginia amusements by an unnamed English gentleman 97

Laws Against Maiming

  1. Excerpt from Delaware provincial law 97
  2. Virginia statute, 1752 98
  3. Excerpt from North Carolina provincial law 98
  4. Excerpt from Virginia provincial law, 1772 98

Wrestling

  1. Excerpts from New England's Prospect, A True, Lively and Experimentall Defcription of that Part of America, Commonly Called Nevv England. Difcovering the Ftate of that Countrie, Both as It Ftands to Our New-Come Englifh Planters; and to the Old Native Inhabitants. By William Wood 99
  2. Proclamation of a wrestling match by Governor Francis Nicholson of Virginia 99
  3. Excerpt from A Satyrical Description of Commencement. Calculated to the Meridian of Cambridge in New-England 100
  4. Excerpt from an account of a wedding 100
  5. Excerpt from The Natural History of North-Carolina. By John Brickell 100
  6. Excerpt from a story about a St. Andrew's Day festival, Virginia Gazette, 1737 100
  7. Excerpt from the autobiography of John Adams 100
  8. Excerpt from the diary of Ebenezer Parkman 100
  9. Excerpts from the journal of Thomas Lewis 101
  10. Excerpt from Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pensilvania. By Benjamin Franklin 101
  11. Excerpt from A Natural and Civil History of California. By Fray Miguel Venegas 101
  12. Excerpt from the writings of Joseph Doddridge 101
  13. Excerpt from The History of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. By Thomas Hutchinson 101
  14. Excerpt from "Plans for an Academy at Providence, in New Kent." By Charles Jeffery Smith 101
  15. Excerpt from Journey from Fort Prince Wales, in Hudson's Bay, to the Northern Ocean, for the Discovery of Copper Mines and a North-West Passage. By Samuel Hearne 102
  16. Excerpt from the journal of Alexander Harvey 102
  17. Excerpt from the diary of Paul Lunt 102
  18. Excerpt from the autobiography of Henry Tufts 103
  19. Excerpt from A History of Coventry, Orleans County, Vermont. By Pliny H. White 103
  20. Excerpt from Reminiscences; Personal and Other Incidents; Early Settlement of Otsego County; Notices and Anecdotes of Public Men; Judicial, Legal and Legislative Matters; Field Sports; Dissertations and Discussions. By Levi Beardsley 103
  21. Excerpt from the writings of Joel Shepard 104


9 COURT SPORTS 105

Badminton

  1. Excerpt from the diary of Landon Carter 106
  2. Advertisement for badminton equipment, Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, 1766 106
  3. Excerpt from A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, Intended for the Amusement and Instruction of Little Master Tommy and Pretty Miss Polly 106
  4. Excerpts from advertisements for shuttlecocks, New York Gazette and Weekly Mercury, 1769 106
  5. Excerpt from advertisement for badminton equipment, [Rivington's] The Royal Gazette, 1782 106
  6. Fives Princeton College prohibition 107
  7. Advertisement for fives equipment, Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, 1766 107
  8. Excerpt from A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, Intended for the Amusement and Instruction of Little Master Tommy and Pretty Miss Polly 107
  9. Yale College law 107
  10. Excerpt from the journal of Philip Vickers Fithian 107
  11. Excerpt from account of a fives game, Virginia Gazette, 1776 108
  12. Excerpt from the writings of Albigense Waldo 108
  13. Excerpt from the journal of Samuel Shute 108

Tennis

  1. Excerpt from the letterbook of Eliza Lucas Pinckney 108
  2. Excerpt from The Art of Preserving Health. By John Armstrong 108
  3. Excerpt from the writings of Jean-Bernard Bossu 108
  4. Advertisement for tennis rackets, Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, 1766 109
  5. Excerpt from Sermons to Gentlemen upon Temperance and Exercise. By Benjamin Rush 109
  6. Advertisement for a tennis rule book, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1780 109

  7. 10 CRICKET 109
  8. Excerpts from the diary of William Byrd 110
  9. Excerpt from the diary of Samuel Sewall 111
  10. Excerpts from the journal of William Stephens 111
  11. Rules of cricket, 1744 112
  12. Notice of a cricket match, Maryland Gazette, 1754 114
  13. Accounts of cricket matches, Maryland Gazette, 1754 114
  14. Challenge for a cricket match, Maryland Gazette, 1754 114
  15. Advertisement for cricket equipment, Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, 1766 114
  16. Challenge for a cricket match, Connecticut Courant, 1766 114
  17. Excerpt from A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, Intended for the Amusement and Instruction of Little Master Tommy and Pretty Miss Polly 115
  18. Challenge for a cricket match, Connecticut Courant, 1767 115
  19. Account of a cricket match, Connecticut Courant, 1767 115
  20. Advertisement for a cricket bat and ball maker, Royal Pennsylvania Gazette, 1778 115
  21. Excerpt from the writings of Albigense Waldo 115
  22. Excerpts from the military journal of George Ewing 115
  23. Announcements for cricket matches, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1778 116
  24. Excerpt from the journal of Ebenezer Elmer 116
  25. Announcements for cricket matches, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1779 116
  26. Announcements for cricket matches, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1780 116
  27. Challenges for cricket matches, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1780 117
  28. Advertisement for a rule book on cricket, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1780 117
  29. Announcement for a cricket match, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1781 117
  30. Excerpt from the diary of Jeremiah Greenman 118
  31. Announcement for a cricket match, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1782 118

  32. 11 FENCING 118
  33. Excerpt from A Summer's Ramble, Through Ten Kingdomes, Occasionally Written by John Dunton, Citizen of London. By John Dunton 119
  34. Excerpt from the diary of Samuel Sewall 119
  35. Proclamation of a fencing match by Governor Francis Nicholson of Virginia 119
  36. Excerpt from The Life and Errors of John Dunton Late Citizen of London. By John Dunton 120
  37. Excerpt from the diary of William Byrd 120
  38. A Compleat Syftem of Fencing. Or, The Art of Defence, in the Ufe of the Small-Sword. By Edward Blackwell 120
  39. Advertisement for a fencing school, Maryland Gazette, 1745 151
  40. Advertisement for fencing instruction, Virginia Gazette, 1752 151
  41. Excerpt from The Art of Preserving Health. By John Armstrong 151
  42. Excerpt from an advertisement for a dancing academy, Maryland Gazette, 1757 151
  43. Excerpt from the will of Charles Carter 151
  44. Advertisement for a fencing academy, Massachusetts Gazette and Boston News-Letter, 1765 152
  45. Advertisement for a fencing school, Boston Gazette and Country Journal, 1766 152
  46. Advertisement for fencing instruction, Boston Evening Post, 1769 152
  47. Advertisement for a fencing school, Massachusetts Gazette and Boston Weekly News-Letter, 1770 152
  48. Advertisement for fencing instruction, Massachusetts Gazette and Boston Weekly News-Letter, 1771 152
  49. Excerpt from Sermons to Gentlemen upon Temperance and Exercise. By Benjamin Rush 153
  50. Advertisement for fencing instruction, Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, 1774 153
  51. Excerpt from the writings of Philip Vickers Fithian 153
  52. Advertisement for fencing instruction, Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, 1775 153
  53. Advertisement for a fencing academy, Rivington's New-York Gazetteer supplement, 1775 154
  54. Excerpt from the diary of Jabez Fitch 154
  55. Excerpt from the diary of Enos Stevens 154
  56. Excerpt from the memoirs of Alexander Graydon 154
  57. Excerpt from An Historical Account of the Rise and Progress of the Colonies of South Carolina and Georgia. By Alexander Hewatt 155
  58. Excerpt from a letter from John Brown to his uncle, William Preston 155
  59. Advertisement for a fencing manual, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1782 155
  60. Advertisement for a fencing school, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1782 155
  61. Advertisement for fencing instruction, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1782 156
  62. Advertisement for a fencing manual, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1783 156
  63. Advertisement for fencing instruction [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1783 157


12 FIELD GAMES 157

Golf

  1. Ordinance at Fort Orange and Beverwyck, New Netherlands, 1656 158
  2. Excerpt from the inventory of New York Governor Burnet 158
  3. Rules of golf, St. Andrews course, Scotland 158
  4. Excerpt from Sermons to Gentlemen upon Temperance and Exercise. By Benjamin Rush 159
  5. Advertisement for golf equipment, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1779 159
  6. Excerpt from The Life, Adventures, and Opinions of Col. George Hanger. By George Hanger 160

Soccer

  1. Excerpt from the writings of Henry Spelman 160
  2. Excerpt from the writings of William Strachey 160
  3. Excerpt from New England's Prospect, A True, Lively and Experimentall Defcription of that Part of America, Commonly Called Nevv England. Difcovering the Ftate of that Countrie, Both as It Ftands to Our New-Come Englifh Planters; and to the Old Native Inhabitants. By William Wood 160
  4. Excerpt from A Key into the Language of America, or an Help to the Language of the Natives in That Part of America Called New-England. By Roger Williams 161
  5. Boston selectmen's ordinance, 1658 161
  6. Excerpt from An Account and Description of America. By John Ogilby 161
  7. Excerpts from A Summer's Ramble, Through Ten Kingdomes, Occasionally Written by John Dunton, Citizen of London. By John Dunton 161
  8. Excerpt from the writings of Juan Mateo Manje 162
  9. Excerpt from Boston, Massachusetts town order 162
  10. Excerpt from a story about a St. Andrew's Day festival, Virginia Gazette, 1737 162
  11. Excerpt from the journal of William Stephens 162
  12. Excerpt from Boston, Massachusetts town by-law 163
  13. Yale College law 163
  14. Excerpt from The History of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. By Thomas Hutchinson 163
  15. Excerpt from Yale College law 163
  16. Excerpt from Charleston, South Carolina city ordinance, 1783 163

Other Field Games

  1. Excerpt from the writings of William Strachey 164
  2. Excerpt from the journal of Simeon Lyman 164
  3. Excerpt from the journal of Samuel Shute 164
  4. Excerpts from the journal of Ebenezer Elmer 164
  5. Advertisement for a match at common, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1782 164
  6. Advertisement for a hurling match, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1782 165


13 FISHING165

  1. Excerpt from the writings of Izaak Walton 166
  2. Excerpt from "Some Improvement of Vacant Hours." By Roger Wolcott 178
  3. Bufinefs and Diverfion inoffenfive to God and neceffary for the Comfort and Support of human Society. A Discourse utter'd in Part at Ammaufkeeg-Falls, in the Fifhing-Seafon. 1739. By Joseph Seccombe 178
  4. Excerpt from A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, Intended for the Amusement and Instruction of Little Master Tommy and Pretty Miss Polly 183

Fishing among Indigenous Peoples

  1. Excerpt from A Brief and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia. By Thomas Hariot 183
  2. Excerpt from A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia. By Thomas Hariot and Theodore DeBry 184
  3. Excerpt from the writings of William Strachey 184
  4. Excerpt from "Gov. Bradford's History of Plymouth Colony." By Edward Winslow 185
  5. Excerpt from New Englands Prospect, A True, Lively and Experimentall Defcription of that Part of America, Commonly Called Nevv England. Difcovering the Ftate of that Countrie, Both As It Ftands to Our New-come Englifh Planters; and to the Old Native Inhabitants. By William Wood 185
  6. Excerpt from the writings of Peter Lindestrom 185
  7. Excerpts from A True and Faithful Account of the Four Chiefest Plantations of the English in America. Of Virginia, New England, Bermudus, Barbados. By Samuel Clarke 186
  8. Excerpt from An Account of Two Voyages to New-England. By John Josselyn 186
  9. Excerpt from the writings of Daniel Gookin 187
  10. Excerpt from the writings of Thomas Glover 187
  11. Excerpt from A Summer's Ramble, Through Ten Kingdomes, Occasionally Written by John Dunton, Citizen of London. By John Dunton 187
  12. Excerpt from the memoirs of Lamothe de Cadillac 188
  13. Excerpt from the writings of Juan Mateo Manje 189
  14. Excerpt from the writings of Robert Beverly 189
  15. Excerpt from History of New-England Containing an Impartial Account of the Civil and Ecclesiastical Affairs of the Country to the Year of Our Lord, 1700. By Daniel Neal 190
  16. Excerpt from the writings of Father Joseph François Lafitau 190
  17. Excerpt from the writings of William Byrd 191
  18. Excerpts from A Natural and Civil History of California. By Fray Miguel Venegas 191
  19. Excerpt from the writings of Jean-Bernard Bossu 192
  20. Excerpt from The History of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. By Thomas Hutchinson 192

The Carolinas and Georgia

  1. Excerpt from Profitable Advice for Rich and Poor in a Discourse Between James Freeman, a Carolina Planter and Simon Question, a West-Country Farmer. Containing a Description, or True Relation of South Carolina An English Plantation, or Colony, in America. By John Norris 192
  2. Excerpt from The Natural History of North-Carolina. By John Brickell 193
  3. Excerpt from the journal of William Stephens 193
  4. Warning about fishing on private property, South Carolina Gazette, 1745 193
  5. Excerpt from the writings of John Marrant 193
  6. Excerpt from An Historical Account of the Rise and Progress of the Colonies of South Carolina and Georgia. By Alexander Hewatt 193
  7. Excerpts from the writings of Johann David Schoepf 193

Maryland and Virginia

  1. Excerpt from the writings of John Rolfe 194
  2. Excerpt from A Relation of Maryland; Together, With a Map of the Countrey, the Conditions of Plantation, His Majefties Charter to Lord Baltemore, Tranflated into Englifh 194
  3. Excerpt from Leah and Rachel, or, the two Fruitful Sisters Virginia, and Mary-land. Their Present Condition, Impartially stated and Related. By John Hammond 194
  4. Excerpt from the writings of George Alsop 195
  5. Excerpt from the journal of John Fontaine 195
  6. Excerpt from a letter from John Clayton to Samuel Durrent 195
  7. Excerpts from the diary of Robert Rose 195
  8. Excerpt from the journal of Doctor Thomas Walker 195
  9. Excerpt from Travels through the Middle Settlements in North America, in the Years 1759 and 1760. By Andrew Burnaby 196
  10. Excerpts from the diaries of George Washington 196
  11. Excerpt from A Tour in the United States of America. Containing an Account of the Present Situation of that Country. By John Ferdinand Dalziel Smyth 197
  12. Excerpts from the journal of Philip Vickers Fithian 197
  13. Excerpt from the journal of John Harrower 198
  14. Excerpt from the journal of Dr. Robert Honyman 198
  15. Excerpt from Travels in North-America, in the Years, 1780, 1781, and 1782, by the Marquis de Chastellux. By Marquis de Chastellux 198

New England

  1. Excerpts from A Trve Relation of the Moft Profperous Voyage Made this Prefent Yeere 1605, by Captaine George Waymouth, in the Difcouery of the land of Virginia. By James Rosier 199
  2. Excerpt from A Description of New England. Or the Observations, and Discoueries of Captain Iohn Smith (Admirall of that Country) in the North of America, in the Year of Our Lord 1614. By John Smith 199
  3. Excerpts from the journal of the plantation at Plymouth. By George Morton(?) 200
  4. Excerpts from the diary of Samuel Sewall 200
  5. Account of a freakish fishing accident, Boston News-Letter, 1712 200
  6. Excerpts from the diary of Joshua Hempstead 201
  7. Advertisement for fishing equipment, Boston News-Letter, 1714 201
  8. Excerpt from the diary of Cotton Mather 201
  9. Excerpt from the journal of James Jeffry 201
  10. Accounts of fishing accidents, Boston News-Letter, 1731 201
  11. Account of a fishing accident, Boston News-Letter, 1732 202
  12. Account of a fishing accident, Boston News-Letter, 1733 202
  13. Account of a fishing accident, Boston News-Letter, 1734 202
  14. Excerpt from Harvard College law 202
  15. Excerpts from the diary of Ebenezer Parkman 202
  16. Excerpt from the journal of Francis Goelet 203
  17. Excerpt from the diary of John Adams 203
  18. Excerpts from the diaries of John Rowe 204
  19. Excerpt from Yale College law 208
  20. Excerpt from the orderly book of William Coit 208
  21. Excerpts from the journal of John Joseph Henry 209
  22. Excerpt from the journal of Abner Stocking 209
  23. Excerpts from the journal of Joseph Joslin, Jr. 209
  24. Excerpt from Travels through the Interior Parts of America. By Thomas Anburey 209
  25. Excerpts from the diary of Jeremiah Greenman 210
  26. Excerpts from the diary of Benjamin Gilbert 210

New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania

  1. Excerpts from Short Historical and Journal notes of Several Voyages Made in the four parts of the World, namely, Europe, Africa, Asia, and America. By David Pietersz de Vries 210
  2. Excerpt from A Brief Defcription of New-York. Formerly Called New-Netherlands. By Daniel Denton 211
  3. Excerpts from the journal of Rev. John Sharpe 212
  4. Excerpt from Travels through the Middle Settlements in North America, in the Years 1759 and 1760. By Andrew Burnaby 212
  5. Excerpts from the journal of James Kenny 212
  6. Excerpt from The History of the Colony of Nova-Cæsaria , or New Jersey Containing, An Account of Its First Settlement, Progressive Improvements, The Original and Present Constitution, and Other Events, to the Year 1721. With Some Particulars Since; and a Short View of Its Present-State. By Samuel Smith 212
  7. Excerpt from memoirs of Ann MacVicar Grant 213
  8. Advertisement for fishing equipment, Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, 1773 213
  9. Excerpt from the journal of Nicholas Cresswell 214
  10. Excerpt from letter from William Parsons to Thomas Stretch 214
  11. Excerpt from the journal of Bayze Wells 214
  12. "Song for a Fishing Party near Burlington, on the Delaware, in 1776."
  13. By Jonathan Odell 214
  14. Excerpt from the journal of Col. Jeduthan Baldwin 215
  15. Excerpts from the diary of Jabez Fitch 215
  16. Advertisement for fishing equipment, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1778 216
  17. Excerpt from the writings of Luke Swetland 216
  18. Excerpts from the journal of Henry Dearborn 216
  19. Excerpt from the journal of Samuel Shute 216
  20. Advertisement for fishing equipment, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1782 216
  21. Excerpts from the autobiography of Philip van Cortlandt 217
  22. Excerpts from the writings of Johann David Schoepf 217
  23. Excerpts from the journal of Francesco dal Verme 217
  24. Excerpts from the diary of Jeremiah Greenman 217

Other Locales

  1. Excerpt from the journal of Richard Mather 218
  2. Excerpt from the writings of Father Jean Claude Allouez 218
  3. Excerpts from the journal of Henri Joutel 218
  4. Excerpts from the diary of Samuel Sewall 218
  5. Excerpt from the journal of Father Paul de Ru 219
  6. Excerpts from A Geographical History of Nova Scotia 219
  7. Excerpts from the journal of Robert Rogers 219
  8. Excerpt from the journal of Benjamin Mifflin 219
  9. Excerpt from An Account of the First Discovery, and Natural History of Florida. By William Roberts 219
  10. Excerpts from the diaries of George Washington 220
  11. Excerpt from A Tour in the United States of America. Containing an Account of the Present Situation of that Country. By John Ferdinand Dalziel Smyth 220
  12. Excerpt from the journal of Nicholas Cresswell 220
  13. Excerpts from the journal of Du Roi the Elder 220
  14. Excerpts from the journal of Henry Dearborn 221
  15. Excerpts from the diary of Jeremiah Greenman 221
  16. Excerpt from Travels through the Interior Parts of America. By Thomas Anburey 221
  17. Excerpts from letters of Hessian staff officers 221
  18. Excerpt from the journal of John Ledyard 222
  19. Excerpt from the diary of John Adams 222


14 GYMNASTICS, RUNNING, AND WALKING 222

  1. Gymnastics
  2. Excerpt from the diary of William Byrd 223
  3. Excerpt from an account of a wedding 224
  4. Excerpt from The Natural History of North-Carolina. By John Brickell 224
  5. Excerpt from an advertisement for a St. Andrew's Day festival, Virginia Gazette, 1737 224
  6. Excerpt from Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pensilvania. By Benjamin Franklin 224
  7. Excerpt from A Natural and Civil History of California. By Fray Miguel Venegas 224
  8. Excerpt from A Little Pretty Pocket-Book, Intended for the Amusement and Instruction of Little Master Tommy and Pretty Miss Polly 224
  9. Excerpt from Sermons to Gentlemen upon Temperance and Exercise. By Benjamin Rush 224
  10. Excerpt from Reminiscences; Personal and Other Incidents; Early Settlement of Otsego County; Notices and Anecdotes of Public Men; Judicial, Legal and Legislative Matters; Field Sports; Dissertations and Discussions. By Levi Beardsley 225

Running and Walking

  1. Excerpts from New England's Prospect, A True, Lively and Experimentall Defcription of that Part of America, Commonly Called Nevv England. Difcovering the Ftate of that Countrie, Both as It Ftands to Our New-Come Englifh Planters; and to the Old Native Inhabitants. By William Wood 225
  2. Excerpt from A Summer's Ramble, Through Ten Kingdomes, Occasionally Written by John Dunton, Citizen of London. By John Dunton 225
  3. Proclamation of a running match by Governor Francis Nicholson of Virginia 226
  4. Excerpts from the diary of William Byrd 226
  5. Resolution of the Yearly Meeting of the New England Society of Friends 226
  6. Excerpt from an account of a wedding 227
  7. Excerpt from The Natural History of North-Carolina. By John Brickell 227
  8. Excerpt from horse racing advertisement, Virginia Gazette, 1737 227
  9. Excerpt from an account about a St. Andrew's Day festival, Virginia Gazette, 1737 227
  10. Excerpt from an advertisement about a fair and horse racing, Virginia Gazette, 1739 227
  11. Advertisement for running matches, South Carolina Gazette, 1743 227
  12. Advertisement for foot races, South Carolina Gazette, 1743 228
  13. Advertisements for foot races, South Carolina Gazette, 1747 228
  14. Excerpt from an advertisement for a fair, Maryland Gazette, 1747 228
  15. Excerpt from Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pensilvania. By Benjamin Franklin 228
  16. Excerpt from the writings of J.C.B., French traveler 228
  17. Account of a running match, Maryland Gazette, 1754 229
  18. Excerpt from A Natural and Civil History of California. By Fray Miguel Venegas 229
  19. Excerpt from the memoirs of Henry Timberlake 229
  20. Excerpt from the writings of Joseph Doddridge 229
  21. Excerpt from The History of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. By Thomas Hutchinson 230
  22. Excerpts from the memoirs of Alexander Graydon 230
  23. Excerpt from the diary of John Adams 230
  24. Excerpts from Sermons to Gentlemen upon Temperance and Exercise. By Benjamin Rush 231
  25. Excerpt from the writings of Philip Vickers Fithian 231
  26. Excerpt from the memoirs of Tench Tilghman 231
  27. Excerpt from the writings of John Long 232
  28. Excerpt from The Life, Adventures, and Opinions of Col. George Hanger. By George Hanger 232
  29. Advertisement for a foot race by women, [Rivington's] Royal Gazette, 1780 232
  30. Excerpt from Reminiscences; Personal and Other Incidents; Early Settlement of Otsego County; Notices and Anecdotes of Public Men; Judicial, Legal and Legislative Matters; Field Sports; Dissertations and Discussions. By Levi Beardsley 232

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