Academic International Press


Sports in North America (SportsDocs)

A Documentary History

In Print

  • Volume 1 Part 1 Sports in the Colonial Era, 1618-1783 Edited by Thomas L. Altherr (Metropolitan State College). 1087 documents, 496 pages. 1996. Contents of Volume 1 Part I
  • Volume 1 Part 2 Sports in the New Republic, 1784-1820 Edited by Thomas L. Altherr (Metropolitan State College). 668 documents, 469 pages. 1996. Contents of Volume 1 Part II
  • Volume 2 Origins of Modern Sports, 1820-1840 Edited by Larry K. Menna (SUNY, Farmingdale). 145 documents, 420 pages. 1994. Contents of Volume 2
  • Volume 3 The Rise of Modern Sports, 1840-1860 Edited by George B. Kirsch (Manhattan College). 150 documents, 408 pages. 1992. Contents of Volume 3
  • Volume 4 Sports in War, Revival and Expansion, 1860-1880 Edited by George B. Kirsch (Manhattan College). 147 documents, 412 pages. 1995. Contents of Volume 4
  • Volume 5 Sports Organized, 1880-1900 Edited by Gerald R. Gems (North Central College). 249 documents 529 pages. 1996. Contents of Volume 5
  • Volume 6 Sports and Reform, 1900-1920 Edited by Steven A. Riess (Northeastern Illinois University). 276 documents, 516 pages. 1996. Contents of Volume 6

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Contents of Volume 1 Part II (1784-1820)

Preface xxix

Introduction xxxiii

1 GENERAL ATTITUDES TOWARD EXERCISE AND SPORT 1

  1. Observance of the Sabbath and Religious Holidays
  2. Excerpts from Boston town by-law, 1786 2
  3. Excerpt from Vermont republic law, 1787 2
  4. Excerpt from writings of Paul Coffin 3
  5. Excerpt from New Jersey state law, 1798 3
  6. Excerpt from Northwest Territory law, 1799 3
  7. Excerpt from Mississippi Territory law 4
  8. Excerpt from Indiana state law, 1818 4

Sports In Education

  1. Excerpt from "Thoughts upon the Amusements and Punishments, Which Are Proper for Schools." By Benjamin Rush 4
  2. Rhode Island College law 4
  3. Dartmouth College law 4
  4. James Garnett on lack of recreation at college 4
  5. Sports as Healthful Recreation
  6. "Diversions." By Joseph Lathrop 4
  7. "Exercise." By Shadrach Ricketson 8
  8. Excerpt from Youthful Recreations 17
  9. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 17

Sports as Immoral Activities

  1. Excerpt from the autobiography of David L. Dodge 18
  2. Excerpt from Kentucky state law, 1798 18
  3. Excerpt from Northwest Territory law, 1799 19
  4. Excerpt from Ohio state law, 1805 19
  5. Excerpt from Indiana state law, 1818 19

Work Sports

Excerpts from My Own Times. By John Reynolds 20


2 AQUATICS 20

Excerpt from Journal of Travels in the United States of America, and in Lower Canada, Performed in the Year 1817. By John Palmer 21

Swimming

  1. Boston town by-law, 1786 21
  2. Excerpt from the diary of Ezra Stiles 22
  3. Yale college law 22
  4. Excerpt from the journal of William Attmore 22
  5. Excerpt from the writings of Philip Mazzei 22
  6. Excerpt from "Thoughts upon the Amusements and Punishments, Which Are Proper for Schools." By Benjamin Rush 22
  7. Excerpt from the diary of William Bentley 22
  8. Excerpt from Travels in America and Italy. By François August René, Viscount de Chateaubriand 23
  9. Excerpt from the diary of Caleb Cresson 23
  10. Excerpt from the writings of Mary Palmer Tyler 23
  11. Excerpt from the writings of Asa Sheldon 24
  12. Excerpts from the diary of Jacob Hiltzheimer 24
  13. Excerpts from the journal of James Elliott 24
  14. Yale College law 25
  15. "On the Art of Swimming." By Benjamin Franklin 25
  16. Excerpt from the writings of John Bernard 26
  17. Excerpt from Visit to the Falls of Niagara in 1800. By John Maude 27
  18. Excerpt from Youthful Sports, a children's book 27
  19. Excerpt from Gymnastics for Youth. Or A Practical Guide to Healthful and Amusing Exercises. For the Use of Schools. By Johann Christoph Friedrich Guts Muths 27
  20. New York city ordinance, 1805 34
  21. Excerpt from An Account of Expeditions to the Sources of the Mississippi, and through the Western Parts of Louisiana, to the Sources of the Arkansaw, Kans, La Platte, and Pierre Jaun, Rivers; Performed by Order of the Government of the United States during the Years 1805, 1806, and 1807. And A Tour through the Interior Parts of New Spain, When Conducted through these Provinces, by Order of the Captain General, in the Year 1807. By Zebulon Pike 34
  22. Excerpt from Means of Preserving Health, and Preventing Diseases. By Shadrach Ricketson 34
  23. Advertisement for public baths, Baltimore Evening Post, 1809 39
  24. Excerpt from the writings of John Quincy Adams 40
  25. Excerpt from The Book of Games; or, a History of the Juvenile Sports Practised at Kingston Academy 40
  26. New York City ordinance, 1812 41
  27. Excerpt from The Accidents of Human Life; With Hints for their Prevention and the Removal of their Consequences. By Newton Bosworth 41
  28. Advertisement for swimming baths, Philadelphia Aurora and General Advertiser, 1814 45
  29. The Art of Swimming; A Series of Practical Instructions, on an Original and Progressive Plan, by which the Art of Swimming May Be Readily Attained, With Every Advantage of Power in the Water. By J. Frost 45
  30. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 59
  31. Excerpts from View of Society and Manners in America; in a Series of Letters from that Country to a Friend in England, During the Years 1818, 1819, and 1820. By Frances Wright D'Arusmont 60
  32. Letter from J.G. Coffin to the Boston Columbian Centinel, 1820 60

Boating and Sailing

  1. Excerpt from Description of the Genesee Country, Its Rapidly Progressive Population and Improvements. In a Series of Letters from a Gentleman to His Friend. By Charles Williamson 61
  2. Excerpt from the diary of William Bolling 61
  3. Excerpt from Letter VII of "Learning, Morals, Etc. of New England." By Timothy Dwight 61


3 ARCHERY AND SHOOTING 62

Archery among Colonists

  1. Excerpt from the diary of William Bentley 63
  2. Excerpt from Adventures and Recollections of Colonel Landmann, Late of the Corps of Royal Engineers. By George Thomas Landmann 63
  3. Excerpt from Youthful Sports, a children's book 63
  4. Excerpt from Youthful Amusements 63
  5. Excerpt from Youthful Recreations 64
  6. Excerpt from The Book of Games; or, a History of the Juvenile Sports Practised at Kingston Academy 64
  7. Excerpts from Remarks on Children's Play 64

Archery among Indigenous Peoples

  1. Excerpt from the writings of David Thompson 65
  2. Excerpt from An Account of a Voyage to the North West Coast of America in 1785 and 1786 by Alexander Walker. By Alexander Walker 65
  3. Excerpt from Travels in America and Italy. By François Auguste René, Viscount de Chateaubriand 65
  4. Excerpt from A Journal of Voyages and Travels in the Interiour of North America, Between the 47th and 58th Degrees of North Latitude, Extending from Montreal Nearly to the Pacific Ocean. By Daniel Williams Harmon 66
  5. Excerpt from "Observations on New Spain." By Zebulon Pike 66
  6. Excerpt from Travels on an Inland Voyage through the States of New-York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee, and through the Territories of Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi and New-Orleans; Performed in the Years 1807 and 1808; Including a Tour of Nearly Six Thousand Miles. By Christian Schulz 66

Shooting

  1. Boston town by-law 67
  2. Excerpt from the journal of Colonel John May 67
  3. Excerpt from Voyages from Montreal, on the River St. Laurence, through the Continent of North America, to the Frozen and Pacific Oceans; in the Years, 1789 and 1793. By Alexander Mackenzie 67
  4. Excerpt from the writings of Patrick Campbell 67
  5. Excerpt from The History of New-Hampshire, Containing a Geographical Description of the STATE, With Sketches of Its Natural History, Productions, Improvements, and Present State of Society and Manners, Laws and Government. By Jeremy Belknap 68
  6. Excerpt from Travels in the United States of America, Commencing in the Year 1793 and Ending in 1797, With the Author's Journals of Two Voyages across the Atlantic. By William Priest 68
  7. Excerpt from Williams College law 68
  8. Excerpt from Travels through the States of North America and the Provinces of Upper and Lower Canada during the Years 1795,
  9. 1796, and 1797. By Isaac Weld, Jr. 68
  10. Excerpt from Harvard College law 69
  11. Excerpts from the writings of John Bernard 69
  12. Excerpts from the writings of George Thomas Landmann 69
  13. Excerpts from My Own Times. By John Reynolds 70
  14. Excerpt from A View of South-Carolina, As Respects Her Natural and Civil Concerns. By John Drayton 70
  15. Excerpt from the diary of Ely Playter 71
  16. Excerpts from the diary of William Clark 71
  17. Excerpt from Travels in Some Parts of North America in the Years 1804, 1805, and 1806. By Robert Sutcliff 71
  18. Excerpts from An Account of Expeditions to the Sources of the Mississippi, and through the Western Parts of Louisiana, to the Sources of the Arkansaw, Kans, La Platte, and Pierre Jaun, Rivers; Performed by Order of the Government of the United States During the Years 1805, 1806, and 1807. And A Tour through the Interior Parts of New Spain, When Conducted by Order of the Captain-General, in the Year 1807. By Zebulon Pike 71
  19. Excerpts from letters written by John Randolph to Theodore Bland Dudley 72
  20. Excerpt from Sketches of a Tour to the Western Country, through the States of Ohio and Kentucky. A Voyage down the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, and a Trip through the Mississippi Territory, and Part of West Florida. By Fortescue Cuming 72
  21. Excerpt from Travels on an Inland Voyage through the States of New-York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee, and through the Territories of Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi and New- Orleans; Performed in the Years 1807 and 1808; Including a Tour of Nearly Six Thousand Miles. By Christian Schultz 72
  22. Excerpt from a letter from John Quincy Adams to Thomas Boylston Adams 73
  23. Advertisement for pistol shooting, New York Evening Post, 1811 73
  24. Excerpt from "Letter VII" of "Learning, Morals, Etc. of New England." By Timothy Dwight 73
  25. Excerpt from New York city ordinance, 1812 73
  26. Excerpt from Zanesville, Ohio ordinance, 1816 74
  27. Excerpt from A Visit to North America and the English Settlements in Illinois, with a Winter Residence at Philadelphia. By Adlard Welby 74
  28. Excerpts from View of Society and Manners in America; in a Series of Letters from that Country to a Friend in England, During the Years 1818, 1819, and 1820. By Frances Wright D'Arusmont 74


4 BASEBALL AND SIMILAR BALL GAMES 75

  1. Excerpt from a letter from Thomas Jefferson to nephew Peter Carr 75
  2. Excerpt from the diary of an unidentified person at Princeton College 76
  3. Excerpt from the diary of Noah Webster 76
  4. Excerpt from Portsmouth, New Hampshire by-law, 1795 76
  5. Excerpt from Newburyport, Massachusetts town by-law 76
  6. Excerpt from A View of South-Carolina, As Respects Her Natural and Civil Concerns. By John Drayton 76
  7. Excerpt from Youthful Sports 76
  8. Excerpt from the diary of Ely Playter 77
  9. Excerpt from Youthful Amusements 77
  10. Excerpt from Youthful Recreations 77
  11. Excerpt from The Book of Games; or, a History of the Juvenile Sports Practised at Kingston Academy 77
  12. Advertisement for trapball, New York Evening Post, 1811 79
  13. Worcester, Massachusetts town records, 1817 79
  14. Cooperstown, New York village ordinance, 1816 79
  15. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 79


5 BLOOD SPORTS 80

  1. Cockfighting
  2. Excerpt from the journal of Elkanah Watson 81
  3. Excerpt from The American Geography; or, A View of the Present Situation of the United States of America. By Jedidiah Morse 82
  4. Excerpt from the journal of Francis Baily 82
  5. Excerpt from the writings of Thomas Twining 82
  6. Excerpt from Travels through the States of North America and the Provinces of Upper and Lower Canada during the Years 1795, 1796, and 1797. By Isaac Weld, Jr. 82
  7. Announcement of a cockfight, North Carolina Journal, 1797 82
  8. Excerpt from a letter from Charles W. Harris to Dr. Charles Harris 82
  9. Essay entitled "On the Savage Diversion of Cock-Fighting" 83
  10. Excerpt from the journal of Médéric-Louis-Elie-Moreau de Saint Méry 84
  11. Excerpt from Baltimore, Maryland city ordinance, 1799 85
  12. Excerpt from University of North Carolina law, 1799 85
  13. Excerpts from the writings of John Bernard 85
  14. The Cock-Fighter. A True History 86
  15. Excerpt from To the Citizens of the United States of America, publication of New York City Quakers 87
  16. Excerpts from Travels in America. Performed in 1806. For the Purpose of Exploring the Rivers Alleghany, Monongahela, Ohio, and Mississippi. By Thomas Ashe 87
  17. Announcement of a cockfight, Raleigh Register and North Carolina State Gazette, 1806 87
  18. Advertisement for a cockfight, North Carolina Journal, 1806 87
  19. Excerpt from "Geographical, Statistical, and General Observations Made by Capt. Z.M. Pike on the Interior Provinces of New Spain, from Louisiana to the Vice Royalty, and Between the Pacific Ocean, Gulph of California and the Atlantic Ocean or Gulph of Mexico." By Zebulon Pike 88
  20. Excerpt from a letter from Nathaniel Saltonstall, Jr., to Leverett Saltonstall 88
  21. Excerpt from "Letter IV" of "Remarks on European Travelers in 88
  22. America." By Timothy Dwight 88
  23. Excerpt from the writings of Edouard de Montulé 88
  24. Excerpt from an address by Noah Webster 89
  25. Excerpts from the diary of William Bentley 89
  26. Excerpt from A Statistical, Political, and Historical Account of the United States of North America. By David Baillie Warden 90
  27. Excerpts from An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the United States of America, and of Upper and Lower Canada. By Eneas Mackenzie 90
  28. Excerpt from the writings of Baron Axel Leonhard Klinkowström 91
  29. Excerpt from An Account of the United States of America, Derived from Actual Observation, During a Residence of Four Years in that Republic. By Isaac Holmes 91
  30. Excerpt from Curious Antiquities. Or, the Etymology of Many Remarkable Old Sayings, Proverbs, and Singular Customs. By Joseph Taylor 91

Other Blood Sports

  1. Excerpt from the travel diary of Robert Hunter, Jr. 92
  2. Letter to The New-York Magazine, or, Literary Repository, signed Atticus, 1791 92
  3. Letter from a citizen to the mayor of New York, New York Spectator, 1801 93
  4. Advertisement for a lion and bull-baiting, Poughkeepsie, New York Political Barometer, 1806 94
  5. Excerpt from Sketches of a Tour to the Western Country, through the States of Ohio and Kentucky. A Voyage down the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, and a Trip through the Mississippi Territory, and Part of West Florida. By Fortescue Cuming 94
  6. Advertisement for a bull-baiting, [Philadelphia] The Tickler, 1807 94
  7. Advertisement for a tiger and bulldog fight, Baltimore American and Commercial Advertiser, 1809 95
  8. Advertisement for a bull and bear-baiting, Boston Independent Chronicle, 1809 95
  9. Letter protesting a bull-baiting, New York Evening Post, 1810 95
  10. Excerpt from Letter V of "Learning, Morals, Etc. of New England." By Timothy Dwight 96
  11. Advertisement for recreations except cruel sports, New York Evening Post, 1811 96
  12. Excerpts from Travels in North America. By Whitman Mead 96
  13. Excerpt from Journal of Travels in The United States of America, and in Lower Canada, Performed in the Year 1817. By John Palmer 97
  14. Advertisement for an animal fight, New Orleans 97
  15. Advertisement for a bison-baiting, Connecticut Courant, 1819 98
  16. Excerpt from Sketches of America, A Narrative of a Journey of Five Thousand Miles through the Eastern and Western States of America. By Henry Bradshaw Fearon 98
  17. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 98


6 BOWLING AND PITCHING SPORTS 99

Bowling

  1. Excerpt from "The Necessity for Correction for Idleness and Perverseness" in The Mother's Gift; or, a Present for All Little Children, Who Wish to Be Good 100
  2. Excerpt from Yale College law 100
  3. Excerpt from the diary of Noah Webster 100
  4. Excerpt from A Descriptive Sketch of the Present State of Vermont. By John A. Graham 100
  5. Excerpt from the journal of Médéric-Louis-Elie-Moreau de Saint Méry 100
  6. Excerpt from A Poetical Picture of America. Being Observations Made, During a Residence of Several Years, at Alexandria, and Norfolk, in Virginiafrom the Years 1799 to 1807. By Anne Ritson 101
  7. Excerpt from an advertisement for public baths, Baltimore Evening Post, 1809 101
  8. Excerpt from Journal of Travels in The United States of America, and in Lower Canada, Performed in the Year 1817. By John Palmer 101

Quoits

  1. Excerpt from "An Address to Yung Gentlemen." By Noah Webster 101
  2. Excerpt from the diary of William Bentley 101
  3. Excerpt from An Historical, Geographical, Commercial, and Philosophical View of the United States of America, and of the European Settlements in America and the West-Indies. By William Winterbotham 102
  4. Excerpt from the writings of Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz 102
  5. Excerpts from the journal of John William Devereux 102
  6. Excerpt from A Poetical Picture of America. Being Observations Made, During a Residence of Several Years, at Alexandria, and Norfolk, in Virginiafrom the Years 1799 to 1807. By Anne Ritson 102
  7. Excerpt from My Own Times. By John Reynolds 102 Excerpt from Travels on an Inland Voyage through the States of New-York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee, and through the Territories of Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi and New- Orleans; Performed in the Years 1807 and 1808; Including a Tour of Nearly Six Thousand Miles. By Christian Schulz 102
  8. Excerpt from Youthful Amusements 103
  9. Advertisement for quoit playing, New York Evening Post, 1811 103
  10. Excerpt from Letter VII of "Learning, Morals, Etc. of New England." By Timothy Dwight 103
  11. Excerpt from the writings of James Garnett 103
  12. Excerpts from Journal of Travels in The United States of America, and in Lower Canada, Performed in the Year 1817. By John Palmer 104
  13. Excerpt from the writings of Eneas MacKenzie 104
  14. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 104

Other Pitching Sports

  1. Excerpt from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania city ordinance, 1794 104
  2. Excerpt from A Poetical Picture of America. Being Observations Made, During a Residence of Several Years, at Alexandria, and Norfolk, in Virginia from the Years 1799 to 1807. By Anne Ritson 105
  3. Excerpt from Charlestown, Maryland statute 105


7 CHILDREN'S GAMES 105

  1. Excerpt from the journal of John Enys 106
  2. Excerpt from "The Necessity for Correction for Idleness and Perverseness" in The Mother's Gift; or, a Present for All Little Children, Who Wish to Be Good 107
  3. Excerpt from An Historical, Geographical, Commercial, and Philosophical View of the United States of America, and of the European Settlements in America and the West-Indies. By William Winterbotham 107
  4. Excerpt from the writings of Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz 107
  5. Excerpt from My Own Times. By John Reynolds 107 Excerpt from Youthful Sports 108
  6. Excerpt from Gymnastics for Youth. Or a Practical Guide to Healthful and Amusing Exercises. For the Use of Schools. By Johann Christoph Friedrich Guts Muths 110
  7. Excerpts from The Father's Gift 111
  8. Excerpts from A Peep into the Sports of Youth, and the Occupations and Amusements of the Age 112
  9. Excerpts from Youthful Amusements 112
  10. Excerpts from Youthful Recreations 115
  11. Excerpts from The Book of Games; or, a History of the Juvenile Sports Practised at Kingston Academy 116
  12. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 122
  13. Excerpt from An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the United States of America, and of Upper and Lower Canada. By Eneas Mackenzie 125


8 CONTACT SPORTS 125

  1. Excerpt from Random Recollections of a Long Life, 1806 to 1876. By Edwin J. Scott 126
  2. Excerpt from Travels in North America. By Whitman Mead 126
  3. Excerpt from Journal of Travels in The United States of America, and in Lower Canada, Performed in the Year 1817. By John Palmer 127
  4. Excerpts from An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the United States of America, and of Upper and Lower Canada. By Eneas Mackenzie 128

Boxing

  1. Account of a boxing match, Philadelphia Register 128
  2. Comments on boxing, The New-Haven Gazette, and the Connecticut Magazine, 1788 129
  3. "Of Boxing," essay in The New-York Magazine, or, Literary Repository, 1794 129
  4. Advertisement for a boxing and fencing school, Boston Columbian Centinel, 1798 130
  5. Excerpt from the journal of Médéric-Louis-Elie-Moreau de Saint Méry 130
  6. Excerpt from the writings of John Bernard 131
  7. Excerpt from "Letter II" of "Journey to Provincetown." By Timothy Dwight 131
  8. Excerpts from the diary of Ely Playter 132
  9. Excerpts from the writings of J.B. Dunlop 132
  10. Account of a boxing match near London, Savannah Republican, 1811 132
  11. Advertisement for boxing instruction, Philadelphia Aurora and General Advertiser, 1815 132
  12. Quotation by J.T.L. Preston concerning boxing 133
  13. Excerpt from Statistical Account of Upper Canada. By Robert Gourlay 133

Gouging

  1. Excerpt from the journal of William Attmore 134
  2. "On the Practice of Gouging", essay in The American Museum or Repository of Ancient and Modern Fugitive Pieces 134
  3. Excerpt from The American Geography; or, A View of the Present Situation of the United States of America. By Jedidiah Morse 135
  4. Excerpt from the writings of Ferdinand-M. Bayard 135
  5. Comments of Abbé J.-Esprit Bonnet on gouging 136
  6. Excerpt from the writings of Harry Toulmin 136
  7. Excerpt from the writings of Thomas Twining 136
  8. Excerpt from Travels through the States of North America and the Provinces of Upper and Lower Canada during the Years 1795,
  9. 1796, and 1797. By Isaac Weld, Jr. 136
  10. Excerpts from Travels in America, Performed in 1806, For the Purpose of Exploring the Rivers Alleghany, Monongahela, Ohio, and Mississippi. By Thomas Ashe 137
  11. Excerpt from the writings of William Stuart 138
  12. Excerpt from The Stranger in America. Containing Observations Made during a Long Residence in that Country, on the Genius, Manners andCustoms of the People of the United States. By Charles William Janson 138
  13. Excerpt from Sketches of a Tour to the Western Country, through the States of Ohio and Kentucky. A Voyage down the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, and a Trip through the Mississippi Territory, and Part of West Florida. By Fortescue Cuming 140
  14. Excerpt from Travels through Lower Canada, and the United States of North America, in the Years 1806, 1807, and 1808. By John Lambert 141
  15. Excerpt from "Letter IV" of "Remarks on European Travelers in America." By Timothy Dwight 141
  16. Excerpts from the writings of J.B. Dunlop 142
  17. Excerpt from Remarks on the Review of Inchiquin's Letters, Published in the Quarterly Review; Addressed to the Right Honourable George Canning, Esquire by an Inhabitant of New-England. By Timothy Dwight 142
  18. Excerpt from A Statistical, Political, and Historical Account of the United States of North America. By David Baillie Warden 142

Laws against Maiming

  1. Excerpt from New York state law, 1788 143
  2. Excerpt from New Hampshire state law, 1791 143
  3. Excerpt from Pennsylvania state law 143
  4. Excerpt from Kentucky state law 144
  5. Excerpt from Orleans Territory territorial law 144
  6. Excerpt from Indiana territorial law 144
  7. Excerpt from Louisiana Territory territorial law 145
  8. Excerpt from Tennessee state law 145
  9. Excerpt from Georgia state law, 1811 145
  10. Excerpt from Georgia state law, 1816 145
  11. Excerpt from Missouri territorial law, 1817 146
  12. Excerpt from Vermont state law 146
  13. Excerpt from Illinois state law 146

Wrestling

  1. Excerpt from the writings of Philip Mazzei 147
  2. Excerpt from Travels in America and Italy. By François August René, Viscount de Chateaubriand 147
  3. "Apology for Wrestling," The Massachusetts Magazine, or Monthly Museum of Knowledge and Rational Entertainment, 1793 147
  4. Excerpt from An Historical, Geographical, Commercial, and Philosophical View of the United States of America, and of the European Settlements in America and the West-Indies. By William Winterbotham 149
  5. Excerpt from Gymnastics for Youth. Or A Practical Guide to Healthful and Amusing Exercises. For the Use of Schools. By Johann Christoph Friedrich Guts Muths 150
  6. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 153


9 COURT SPORTS 153

Badminton

  1. Excerpt from the diary of William Bentley 154
  2. Excerpt from Youthful Sports 154
  3. Excerpts from The Father's Gift 155
  4. Excerpts from A Peep into the Sports of Youth, and the Occupations and Amusements of the Age 155
  5. Excerpt from Youthful Amusements 155
  6. Excerpt from Youthful Recreations 155
  7. Excerpt from The Book of Games; or, a History of the Juvenile Sports Practised at Kingston Academy 155
  8. Excerpt from Winter 157
  9. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 157

Fives

  1. Excerpt from the writings of Robert Hunter, Jr. 157
  2. Excerpt from Yale College law 158
  3. Excerpt from the writings of Harry Toulmin 158
  4. Excerpt from letter from David Yancey to David Watson 158
  5. Excerpt from Yale College law 158
  6. Excerpt from A View of South-Carolina, As Respects Her Natural and Civil Concerns. By John Drayton 158
  7. Excerpt from Random Recollections of a Long Life, 1806 to 1876. By Edwin J. Scott 158
  8. Excerpt from The Book of Games; or, a History of the Juvenile Sports Practised at Kingston Academy 159
  9. Advertisement for a fives court, New York Evening Post, 1812 160
  10. Excerpt from the writings of J.T.L. Preston 160
  11. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 160

Tennis

  1. "An Account of the Game at Tennis." By James Beaufort 161
  2. Excerpts from the writings of George Thomas Landmann 165
  3. Advertisement for a rackets court, Philadelphia Aurora and General Advertiser, 1803 165
  4. Excerpt from Hoyle's Games Improved; Containing Whist, Piquet, Quadrille, Lansquenet, Pharo, Rouge-et-Noir, Cribbage, Matrimony, Cassino, Put, All Fours, Speculations, Draughts, Hazard, Billiards, Brag, Cricket, Tennis, Back Gammon, and Chess 165


10 CRICKET 168

  1. Advertisement for cricket equipment, The Independent Journal; or, the General Advertiser, 1786 169
  2. Announcement for a cricket match, Nova-Scotia Gazette, 1786 169
  3. "On Cricket and Whist," essay in The American Magazine, 1788 169
  4. Excerpt from the diary of William Bentley 170
  5. Excerpt from Portsmouth, New Hampshire by-law, 1795 170
  6. Excerpt from An Historical, Geographical, Commercial, and Philosophical View of the United States of America, and of the European Settlements in America and the West-Indies. By William Winterbotham 170
  7. Excerpt from Newburyport, Massachusetts town by-law 171
  8. Excerpt from A Poetical Picture of America. Being Observations Made, During a Residence of Several Years, at Alexandria, and Norfolk, in Virginiafrom the Years 1799 to 1807. By Anne Ritson 171
  9. Excerpt from History of America. By Edward Oliphant 171
  10. Excerpt from Youthful Sports 171
  11. Account of a cricket match, Nova-Scotia Royal Gazette, 1805 171
  12. Excerpts from A Peep into the Sports of Youth, and the Occupations and Amusements of the Age 172
  13. Excerpt from The Book of Games; or, a History of the Juvenile Sports Practised at Kingston Academy 172
  14. Advertisement for cricket, New York Evening Post, 1811 173
  15. Excerpt from Letter VII of "Learning, Morals, Etc. of New England." By Timothy Dwight 174
  16. Excerpt from Hoyle's Games Improved; Containing Whist, Piquet, Quadrille Lansquenet, Pharo, Rouge-et-Noir, Cribbage, Matrimony, Cassino, Put, All Fours, Speculations, Draughts, Hazard, Billiards, Brag, Cricket, Tennis, Back Gammon, and Chess 174
  17. Excerpt from Journal of Travels in the United States of America, and in Lower Canada, Performed in the Year 1817. By John Palmer 175
  18. Excerpt from the writings of William Cromwell 176
  19. Excerpt from the diary of Benjamin Latrobe 176
  20. Excerpts from An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the United States of America, and of Upper and Lower Canada. By Eneas Mackenzie 176
  21. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 176
  22. Account of a cricket match, New York Evening Post, 1820 176

  23. 11 FENCING 177
  24. Excerpt from "An Address to Yung Gentlemen." By Noah Webster 178
  25. Excerpt from the diary of William Bentley 178
  26. Excerpts from the autobiography of Charles Caldwell 178
  27. Advertising for fencing instruction, Boston Columbian Centinel, 1798 179
  28. Excerpts from letters from John Randolph to Theodore Bland Dudley 179
  29. A Treatise on the Art of Fencing Taken from the Best Authorities, For the Use of the Officers of the U. States, Dedicated by T. de St. Margueritte, to the Officers of Virginia. By T.S. de St. Margueritte 179
  30. Excerpt from the writings of John Quincy Adams 200
  31. Advertisement for a fencing academy, Boston Columbian Centinel, 1812 200
  32. Advertisement for a fencing school, Martinsburgh, Virginia Gazette, 1813 200
  33. Student James Garnett comments on the lack of fencing at Princeton 200
  34. Advertisement for fencing instruction, Philadelphia Aurora and General Advertiser, 1815 200
  35. Advertisement for fencing instruction, American Beacon and Norfolk & Portsmouth Advertiser, 1818 201


12 FIELD GAMES

Introduction

Golf

  1. Notice of a meeting for a golf club, Charleston, South Carolina City Gazette-Daily Advertiser, 1795 202

Field Hockey

  1. Princeton College prohibition against field hockey 202
  2. Excerpt from University of North Carolina law 202
  3. "Hockey," from the The Book of Games; or, a History of the Juvenile Sports Practised at Kingston Academy 203
  4. Excerpt from the writings of J.T.L. Preston 204

Soccer

  1. Boston, Massachusetts town by-law 205
  2. Excerpt from Yale College law 205
  3. Excerpt from the writings of Philip Mazzei 205
  4. Salem, Massachusetts town by-law, 1789 205
  5. Excerpt from "An Address to Yung Gentlemen." By Noah Webster 205
  6. Excerpt from the diary of William Bentley 206
  7. Excerpt from Travels Through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida, the Cherokee Country, the Extensive Terrorities of the Muscogulges or Creek Confederacy, and the Country of the Choctaws. By William Bartram 206
  8. Excerpt from Yale College law 206
  9. Excerpt from An Historical, Geographical, Commercial, and Philosophical View of the United States of America, and of the European Settlements in America and the West-Indies. By William Winterbotham 206
  10. Excerpt from Newburyport, Massachusetts town by-law 206
  11. Excerpt from History of America. By Edward Oliphant 206
  12. Excerpt from the journal of William Clark 207
  13. Excerpt from Youthful Recreations 207
  14. Excerpt from The Book of Games; or, a History of the Juvenile Sports Practised at Kingston Academy 207
  15. Excerpt from "Letter VII" of "Learning, Morals, Etc. of New England." By Timothy Dwight 208
  16. Excerpt from the writings of William Cromwell 208
  17. Excerpt from the diary of Benjamin Latrobe 208
  18. Excerpts from An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the United States of America, and of Upper and Lower Canada. By Eneas Mackenzie 208
  19. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 208


13 FISHING 209

  1. Excerpt from Book IV of The Beauties of Religion. By Elijah Fitch 209
  2. Excerpt from Poems by Samuel Low. By Samuel Low 211
  3. Anecdote by Benjamin Franklin on angling 212
  4. Excerpt from A Peep into the Sports of Youth, and the Occupations and Amusements of the Age 212
  5. Excerpt from The Family Receipt Book, Containing Eight Hundred Valuable Receipts in Various Branches of Domestic Economy 212
  6. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 214

Indigenous Peoples

  1. Excerpts from the diary of David Zeisberger 215
  2. Excerpt from Travels in America and Italy. By François August René, Viscount de Chateaubriand 215
  3. Excerpt from the writings of Patrick Campbell 216
  4. Excerpt from The History, Civil and Commercial, of the British Colonies in the West Indies. By Bryan Edwards 217
  5. Excerpt from the writings of John Jewitt 217
  6. Excerpt from the writings of Robert Stuart 218

Canada

  1. Excerpts from the travel diary of Robert Hunter, Jr. 220
  2. Excerpt from Voyages from Montreal, on the River St. Laurence, through the Continent of North America, to the Frozen and Pacific Oceans; in the Years, 1789 and 1793. By Alexander Mackenzie 220
  3. Excerpts from the diary of Elizabeth Simcoe 221
  4. Excerpts from the writings of George Thomas Landmann 222
  5. Excerpt from Visit to the Falls of Niagara in 1800. By John Maude 223
  6. Excerpts from Travels on an Inland Voyage through the States of New-York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee, and through the Territories of Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi and New-Orleans; Performed in the Years 1807 and 1808; Including a Tour of Nearly Six Thousand Miles. By Christian Schulz 223
  7. Excerpt from Statistical Account of Upper Canada. By Robert Gourlay 224

District of Columbia and Virginia

  1. Excerpts from the diaries of George Washington 224
  2. Excerpt from the journal of Andrew Ellicott 225
  3. Excerpt from the writings of Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz 225
  4. Excerpts from the writings of John Bernard 226
  5. Excerpt from the writings of Augustus John Foster 226
  6. Excerpts from the diary of William Bolling 226

New England

  1. Excerpt from Yale College law 227
  2. Excerpts from the journal of John May 227
  3. Excerpts from the diary of James Parker 227
  4. Excerpts from the diary of William Bentley 227
  5. Advertisement for fishing in a Boston newspaper 228
  6. Excerpt from Newbury, Massachusetts town ordinance, 1793 228
  7. Excerpt from Letters Written during a Tour through the Northern and Eastern States of America. By John Drayton 228
  8. Excerpt from the writings of Asa Sheldon 228
  9. Excerpt from Williams College law 228
  10. Excerpt from Yale College law 229
  11. Excerpt from An Historical, Geographical, Commercial, and Philosophical View of the United States of America, and of the European Settlements in America and the West-Indies. By William Winterbotham 229
  12. Excerpt from Harvard College law 229
  13. Excerpt from the writings of Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz 229
  14. Excerpt from Recollections of a Lifetime, or Men and Things I have Seen. By Samuel Griswold Goodrich 229
  15. Excerpt from the autobiography of Daniel Webster 230
  16. Excerpt from the diary of Leverett Saltonstall 230
  17. Excerpts from the writings of John Bernard 230
  18. Excerpt from An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the United States of America, and of Upper and Lower Canada. By Eneas Mackenzie 230

New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania

  1. Excerpt from the diary of Elizabeth House Trist 230
  2. Excerpts from the journal of John Enys 231
  3. Excerpts from the diaries of George Washington 232
  4. Excerpts from the journal of Mary Dewees 232
  5. Excerpts from the journal of John May 232
  6. Excerpt from Schuylkill Fishing Company records 233
  7. Excerpts from the writings of Thomas Jefferson 233
  8. Excerpt from the diary of Caleb Cresson 233
  9. Excerpts from the diary of Jacob Hiltzheimer 234
  10. Excerpt from Travels in the United States of America, Commencing in the Year 1793 and Ending in 1797, With the Author's Journals of Two Voyages across the Atlantic. By William Priest 234
  11. Excerpt from Description of the Genesee Country, Its Rapidly Progressive Population and Improvements. In a Series of Letters from a Gentleman to His Friend. By Charles Williamson 234
  12. Excerpts from the writings of John Bernard 234
  13. Excerpts from the diary of William Dunlap 235
  14. Excerpt from Visit to the Falls of Niagara in 1800. By John Maude 235
  15. Excerpts from Travels on an Inland Voyage through the States of New-York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee, and through the Territories of Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi and New-Orleans; Performed in the Years 1807 and 1808; Including a Tour of Nearly Six Thousand Miles. By Christian Schulz 235
  16. Excerpt from the journal of Joshua Gilpin 236
  17. Excerpt from Journal of Travels in The United States of America, and in Lower Canada, Performed in the Year 1817. By John Palmer 237

Other Locales

  1. Excerpts from the journal of Mary Dewees 237
  2. Excerpt from the journal of William Attmore 237
  3. Excerpts from the journal of John May 237
  4. Excerpt from Travels in America and Italy. By François August René, Viscount de Chateaubriand 238
  5. Excerpt from A Topographical Description of the Western Territory of North America. By Gilbert Imlay 238
  6. Excerpt from the journal of Francis Baily 238
  7. Excerpt from the autobiography of Peter Cartwright 238
  8. Excerpt from My Own Times. By John Reynolds 238
  9. Excerpts from the journal of Reuben King 238
  10. Excerpts from the journals of Meriwether Lewis and William Clark 240
  11. Excerpt from Travels on an Inland Voyage through the States of New-York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee, and through the Territories of Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi and New-Orleans; Performed in the Years 1807 and 1808; Including a Tour of Nearly Six Thousand Miles. By Christian Schulz 241


14 GYMNASTICS, RUNNING, AND WALKING 241

Gymnastics

  1. Excerpt from Travels in America and Italy. By François August René, Viscount de Chateaubriand 242
  2. Excerpt from An Historical, Geographical, Commercial, and Philosophical View of the United States of America, and of the European Settlements in America and the West-Indies. By William Winterbotham 243
  3. Excerpt for the diary of William Bentley 243
  4. Excerpt from the journal of Benjamin Latrobe 243
  5. Excerpts from My Own Times. By John Reynolds 243
  6. Excerpt from the diary of Ely Playter 243
  7. Excerpt from Youthful Sports 244
  8. Excerpt from Gymnastics for Youth. Or A Practical Guide to Healthful and Amusing Exercises. For the Use of Schools. By Johann Christoph Friedrich Guts Muths 244
  9. Excerpts from Youthful Amusements 284
  10. Excerpt from The Book of Games; or, a History of the Juvenile Sports Practised at Kingston Academy 284
  11. Excerpt from the writings of James Garnett 285
  12. Excerpt from Journal of Travels in the United States of America, and in Lower Canada, Performed in the Year 1817. By John Palmer 286
  13. Excerpts from An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the United States of America, and of Upper and Lower Canada. By Eneas Mackenzie 286
  14. Excerpts from Remarks on Children's Play 286

Running

  1. Excerpt from the writings of Philip Mazzei 287
  2. Excerpt from "An Address to Yung Gentlemen." By Noah Webster 287
  3. Excerpts from Travels in America and Italy. By François August René, Viscount de Chateaubriand 287
  4. Excerpt from letter from Henry St. George Tucker to St. George Tucker 287
  5. Excerpt from An Historical, Geographical, Commercial, and Philosophical View of the United States of America, and of the European Settlements in America and the West-Indies. By William Winterbotham 288
  6. Excerpts from My Own Times. By John Reynolds 288
  7. Excerpt from Gymnastics for Youth. Or A Practical Guide to Healthful and Amusing Exercises. For the Use of Schools. By Johann Christoph Friedrich Guts Muths 289
  8. Excerpt from An Account of Expeditions to the Sources of the Mississippi, and through the Western Parts of Louisiana, to the Sources of the Arkansaw, Kans, La Platte, and Pierre Jaun, Rivers; Performed by Order of the Government of the United States during the Years 1805, 1806, and 1807. By Zebulon Pike 292
  9. Excerpts from Travels on an Inland Voyage through the States of New-York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee, and through the Territories of Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi and New-Orleans; Performed in the Years 1807 and 1808; Including a Tour ofNearly Six Thousand Miles. By Christian Schulz 292
  10. Excerpt from the writings of James Garnett 293
  11. Excerpts from An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the United States of America, and of Upper and Lower Canada. By Eneas Mackenzie 293
  12. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 293
  13. Excerpts from View of Society and Manners in America; in a Series of Letters from that Country to a Friend in England, During the Years 1818, 1819, and 1820. By Frances Wright D'Arusmont 293

Walking

  1. "Essay on Walking," New-York Weekly Magazine, 1795 294
  2. Account of a British walking match, The Massachusetts Magazine, or Monthly Museum, 1796 295
  3. Excerpt from Youthful Sports 295
  4. Account of a walking match, Savannah Republican, 1809 295

  5. 15 HORSE RACING 296
  6. "The Horse Race. Or the Pleasures of the Course" from The Entertaining, Moral and Religious Repository 297
  7. Excerpt from the writings of Thomas Jefferson 299
  8. Excerpt from The Child's Museum; Containing a Description of One Hundred and Eight Interesting Subjects 299
  9. Excerpt from Address, Delivered before the Hampshire, Franklin, and Hampden Agricultural society, at Their Annual Meeting in Northampton, Oct. 14, 1818. By Noah Webster 299

The Carolinas and Georgia

  1. Excerpts from the journal of William Attmore 300
  2. Excerpt from The American Geography; or, A View of the Present Situation of the United States of America. By Jedidiah Morse 300
  3. Excerpts from A View of South-Carolina, As Respects Her Natural and Civil Concerns. By John Drayton 301
  4. Excerpt from the writings of Edwin J. Scott 301
  5. Excerpt from A Statistical, Political, and Historical Account of the United States of North America. By David Baillie Warden 301
  6. Excerpts from An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the United States of America, and of Upper and Lower Canada. By Eneas Mackenzie 302

District of Columbia, Maryland, Virginia

  1. Excerpt from the writings of Noah Webster 302
  2. Excerpts from the diaries of George Washington 302
  3. Excerpt from a letter from William Hamilton to his private secretary 303
  4. Excerpts from the journal of Benjamin Latrobe 303
  5. Excerpt from Travels through the States of North America and the Provinces of Upper and Lower Canada during the Years 1795, 1796, and 1797. By Isaac Weld, Jr. 304
  6. Excerpt from the journal of Francis Baily 304
  7. Excerpt from the writings of John Bernard 305
  8. Excerpt from a letter from J. Shelton Watson to brother David Watson 306
  9. Baltimore, Maryland city ordinance, 1799 306
  10. Excerpt from A Poetical Picture of America. Being Observations Made, During a Residence of Several Years, at Alexandria, and Norfolk, in Virginiafrom the Years 1799 to 1807. By Anne Ritson 306
  11. Advertisements for horse races, Richmond Enquirer, 1805 307
  12. Excerpt from the writings of Augustus John Foster 308
  13. Excerpt from a letter from Nathaniel Saltonstall, Jr., to Leverett Saltonstall 308
  14. Excerpt from The Stranger in America. Containing Observations Made during a Long Residence in that Country, on the Genius, Manners and Customs of the People of the United States. By Charles William Janson 308
  15. Excerpts from the diary of William Bolling 309
  16. Advertisement for a horse race, [Norfolk, Virginia] The American Beacon and Commercial Diary, 1815 309
  17. Advertisement for a horse race, [Norfolk, Virginia] American Beacon and Norfolk & Portsmouth Daily Advertiser, 1818 309
  18. Excerpt from An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the United States of America, and of Upper and Lower Canada. By Eneas Mackenzie 310

New England

  1. Excerpts from the writings of Timothy Dwight 310
  2. Excerpt from A Descriptive Sketch of the Present State of Vermont. By John A. Graham 311
  3. Excerpts from Recollections of a Lifetime, or Men and Things I have Seen. By Samuel Griswold Goodrich 311
  4. Excerpt from the travel journal of Leverett Saltonstall 312
  5. Excerpts from the diary of William Bentley 312
  6. Excerpt from An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the United States of America, and of Upper and Lower Canada. By Eneas Mackenzie 312
  7. New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania Excerpts from the journal of Médéric-Louis-Elie-Moreau de Saint Méry 312
  8. Excerpts from the writings of Timothy Dwight 313
  9. Excerpt from the diary of William Dunlap 313
  10. Excerpts from the writings of Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz 313
  11. Excerpts from the journal of Reuben King 314
  12. Excerpt from Poems on Different Subjects, To Which Is Added, a Descriptive Account of a Family Tour to the West in the Year 1800. By Sally Hastings 314
  13. Excerpt from To the Citizens of the United States of America, publication of New York City Quakers 315
  14. Sermon on Horse Racing. Preached in the Presbyterian Church, Elizabethtown, September 17, 1809. By John M'Dowell 315
  15. Excerpt from the writings of Samuel Dewees 322
  16. Excerpt from the writings of Baron Axel Leonhard Klinkowström 322

Other Locales

  1. Excerpt from the writings of Harry Toulmin 323
  2. Advertisement for a horse race, Niagara Upper Canada Gazette, 1797 323
  3. Excerpts from the autobiography of Peter Cartwright 324
  4. Excerpts from My Own Times. By John Reynolds 324
  5. Excerpt from the diary of Joseph Willcocks 325
  6. Excerpt from Travels through Lower Canada, and the United States of North America, in the Years 1806, 1807, and 1808. By John Lambert 325
  7. Excerpt from An Account of Expeditions to the Sources of the Mississippi, and through the Western Parts of Louisiana, to the Sources of the Arkansaw, Kans, La Platte, and Pierre Jaun, Rivers; Performed by Order of the Government of the United States during the Years 1805, 1806, and 1807. By Zebulon Pike 325
  8. Advertisement for a horse race, Nova-Scotia Royal Gazette, 1808 326
  9. Excerpts from Journal of Travels in The United States of America, and in Lower Canada, Performed in the Year 1817. By John Palmer 326
  10. Excerpt from An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the United States of America, and of Upper and Lower Canada. By Eneas Mackenzie 327


16 HUNTING

  1. Excerpt from the writings of Thomas Jefferson 328
  2. Excerpt from Book IV of The Beauties of Religion. By Elijah Fitch 329
  3. Excerpt from "Thoughts upon the Amusements and Punishments, Which Are Proper for Schools." by Benjamin Rush 330
  4. Excerpt from a letter from Abigail Adams to Thomas Brand-Hollis 330
  5. Excerpts from A Tour in America, in 1798, 1799, and 1800. Exhibiting Sketches of Society and Manners. By Richard Parkinson 330
  6. "To a Frightened Hare," The Juvenile Magazine, or Miscellaneous Repository of Useful Information, 1802 332
  7. Excerpt from the writings of Thomas Jefferson 333
  8. Excerpts from A Peep into the Sports of Youth, and the Occupations and Amusements of the Age 334
  9. Excerpt from Youthful Recreations 334
  10. Excerpt from a letter from John Quincy Adams to Thomas Boylston Adams 334
  11. Excerpts from the writings of Timothy Dwight 334
  12. Excerpt from Address, Delivered before the Hampshire, Franklin, and Hampden Agricultural society, at Their Annual Meeting in Northampton, Oct. 14, 1818. By Noah Webster 335
  13. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 335
  14. Excerpts from A Year's Residence in the United States of America. By William Cobbett 335

Hunting by Indigenous Peoples

  1. Excerpts from the writings of David Thompson 338
  2. Excerpts from Voyages from Montreal, on the River St. Laurence, through the Continent of North America, to the Frozen and Pacific Oceans; in the Years, 1789 and 1793. By Alexander Mackenzie 339 Excerpt from Travels in America and Italy. By François August René, Viscount de Chateaubriand 340
  3. Excerpt from the writings of Cayetano Valdés and Alcala Galiano 346
  4. Excerpt from the writings of George Vancouver 346
  5. Excerpt from The History, Civil and Commercial, of the British Colonies in the West Indies. By Bryan Edwards 346
  6. Excerpt from the writings of John Allan 347
  7. Excerpts from Travels through the States of North America and the Provinces of Upper and Lower Canada during the Years 1795, 1796, and 1797. By Isaac Weld, Jr. 347
  8. Excerpt from Travels in Louisiana and the Floridas, in the Year 1802. By Berquin-Duvallon 348
  9. Excerpt from the journal of Charles Le Raye 348
  10. Excerpt from the writings of Augustus John Foster 348
  11. Excerpts from the journal of Henry Marie Brackenridge 348

The Carolinas and Georgia

  1. Excerpt from the diary of Timothy Ford 349
  2. Excerpts from the journal of William Attmore 349
  3. Excerpts from the writings of John Davis 350
  4. Excerpts from the writings of John Bernard 351
  5. Excerpts from the journal of Reuben King 352
  6. Excerpt from A View of South-Carolina, As Respects Her Natural and Civil Concerns. By John Drayton 352
  7. Excerpts from a letter from Thomas R. Mitchell to Leverett Saltonstall 353
  8. Excerpts from An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the United States of America, and of Upper and Lower Canada. By Eneas Mackenzie 353

District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia

  1. Excerpts from the diary of Samuel Edward Butler 353
  2. Excerpts from the diaries of George Washington 354
  3. Excerpts from the diary of Robert Hunter, Jr. 356
  4. Excerpt from the writings of J.P. Brissot de Warville 357
  5. Excerpt from the writings of Ferdinand-M. Bayard 357
  6. Excerpts from the writings of Harry Toulmin 358
  7. Excerpts from the journal of Francis Baily 358
  8. Excerpts from the writings of John Bernard 358
  9. Excerpt from the writings of Augustus John Foster 360
  10. Excerpts from letters from John Randolph to Theodore Bland Dudley 360
  11. Excerpts from the diary of William Bolling 362
  12. Excerpts from the diary of William Dunlap 363

New England

  1. Excerpts from the diary of John Quincy Adams 363
  2. Excerpts from the diary of James Parker 364
  3. Excerpt from The History of New-Hampshire, Containing A Geograph- ical Description of the STATE; With Sketches of Its Natural History, Productions, Improvements, and Present State of Society and Manners, Laws and Government. By Jeremy Belknap 364
  4. Excerpt from Letters Written during a Tour through the Northern and Eastern States of America. By John Drayton 364
  5. Excerpt from Williams College law 365
  6. Excerpt from An Historical, Geographical, Commercial, and Philosophical View of the United States of America, and of the European Settlements in America and the West-Indies. By William Winterbotham 365
  7. Excerpts from the diary of William Bentley 365
  8. Excerpts from the diary of William Dunlap 365
  9. Excerpt from A Descriptive Sketch of the Present State of Vermont. By John A. Graham 366
  10. Excerpt from writings of Paul Coffin 366
  11. Excerpt from the autobiography of David L. Dodge 366
  12. Excerpt from Harvard College law 366
  13. Excerpt from Recollections of a Lifetime, or Men and Things I have Seen. By Samuel Griswold Goodrich 366
  14. Excerpt from the autobiography of Daniel Webster 368
  15. Excerpt from the diary of Leverett Saltonstall 368
  16. Excerpt from the writings of Gilman Joslin 368
  17. Excerpts from An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the United States of America, and of Upper and Lower Canada. By Eneas Mackenzie 369

New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania

  1. Excerpts from the diary of Joseph Hadfield 369
  2. Excerpt from the writings of Samuel Dewees 370
  3. Excerpts from the journal of Mary Dewees 370
  4. Excerpts from the writings of John May 370
  5. Excerpt from the writings of Thomas Jefferson 371
  6. Excerpts from the writings of Patrick Campbell 371
  7. Excerpts from the diary of Jacob Hiltzheimer 371
  8. Excerpt from College of New Jersey law 371
  9. Excerpt from Description of the Genesee Country, Its Rapidly Progressive Population and Improvements. In a Series of Letters Gentleman to His Friend. By Charles Williamson 372
  10. Excerpts from the diary of William Dunlap 372
  11. Excerpts from the writings of John Bernard 375
  12. Excerpts from the writings of Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz 375
  13. Excerpts from the journal of Reuben King 375
  14. Excerpts from the writings of Timothy Dwight 376
  15. Excerpt from Travels in Some Parts of North America in the years 1804, 1805, and 1806. By Robert Sutcliff 377
  16. Excerpt from the writings of Augustus John Foster 378
  17. Excerpts from Travels in America. Performed in 1806. For the Purpose of Exploring the Rivers Alleghany, Monongahela, Ohio, and Mississippi. By Thomas Ashe 378
  18. Excerpt from the writings of William Stuart 379
  19. Excerpt from Sketches of a Tour to the Western Country, through the States of Ohio and Kentucky. A Voyage down the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, and a Trip through the Mississippi Territory, and Part of West Florida. By Fortescue Cuming 379
  20. Excerpt from Travels on an Inland Voyage through the States of New-York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee, and through the Territories of Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi and New-Orleans; Performed in the Years 1807 and 1808; Including a Tour of NearlySix Thousand Miles. By Christian Schulz 380
  21. Excerpt from Travels through the Western Country in the Summer of 1816. By David Thomas 381
  22. Excerpt from Travels in Canada and the United States in 1816 and 1817. By Francis Hall 381
  23. Excerpts from the writings of Edouard de Montulé 381
  24. Excerpt from Selections from Letters written During a Tour Through the United States, In the Summer and Autumn of 1819. By Emanuel Howitt 381
  25. Excerpt from A Visit to North America and the English Settlements in Illinois, with a Winter Residence at Philadelphia. By Adlard Welby 382

Other Locales

  1. Excerpts from the diary of David Zeisberger 382
  2. Excerpts from the diary of Elizabeth House Trist 385
  3. Excerpts from the writings of David Thompson 385
  4. Excerpts from the diary of Joseph Hadfield 386
  5. Excerpts from the journal of Mary Dewees 386
  6. Excerpts from the writings of John May 386
  7. Excerpts from Voyages from Montreal, on the River St. Laurence, through the Continent of North America, to the Frozen and Pacific Oceans; in the Years, 1789 and 1793. By Alexander Mackenzie 387
  8. Excerpts from the writings of Patrick Campbell 390
  9. Excerpt from the writings of John Heckewelder 391
  10. Excerpts from the writings of Harry Toulmin 391
  11. Excerpt from the diary of Elizabeth Simcoe 391
  12. Excerpts from Travels through the States of North America and the Provinces of Upper and Lower Canada during the Years 1795,
  13. 1796, and 1797. By Isaac Weld, Jr. 391
  14. Excerpts from the journal of Francis Baily 392
  15. Excerpts from the writings of George Thomas Landmann 394
  16. Excerpts from the journal of Andrew Ellicott 396
  17. Excerpt from the autobiography of Peter Cartwright 396
  18. Excerpts from My Own Times. By John Reynolds 396
  19. Excerpts from Visit to the Falls of Niagara in 1800. By John Maude 397
  20. Excerpts from the diary of Joseph Willcocks 398
  21. Excerpt from the diary of Ely Playter 398
  22. Excerpts from the journals of Meriwether Lewis and William Clark 398
  23. Excerpts from the writings of Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz 404
  24. Excerpt from An Account of Expeditions to the Sources of the Mississippi, and through the Western Parts of Louisiana, to the Sources of the Arkansaw, Kans, La Platte, and Pierre Jaun, Rivers; Performed by Order of the Government of the United States During the Years 1805, 1806, and 1807, and A Tour through the Interior Parts of New Spain, When Conducted through These Provinces, by Order of the Captain-General in the Year 1807. By Zebulon Pike 404
  25. Excerpts from Travels in America. Performed in 1806. For the Purpose of Exploring the Rivers Alleghany, Monongahela, Ohio, and Mississippi. By Thomas Ashe 412
  26. Excerpt from Travels on an Inland Voyage through the States of New-York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee, and through the Territories of Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi and New-Orleans; Performed in the Years 1807 and 1808; Including a Tour of Nearly Six Thousand Miles. By Christian Schulz 413
  27. Excerpt from the journal of Henry Marie Brackenridge 414
  28. Excerpts from the writings of Edouard de Montulé 415
  29. Excerpts from Journal of Travels in The United States of America, and in Lower Canada, Performed in the Year 1817. By John Palmer 417
  30. Excerpt from the diary of Benjamin Latrobe 417
  31. Excerpt from A Visit to the Province of Upper Canada in 1819. By James Strachan 417
  32. Excerpt from Letters from North America, Written during a Tour in the United States and Canada. By Adam Hodgson 418

Newspapers on Hunting

  1. Account of a fox hunt, Upper Canada Gazette, 1801 418
  2. Advertisement for a sportsmen's club, New York Evening Post, 1806 419
  3. Advertisement for a fox hunt, Boston Independent Chronicle, 1809 420
  4. Account of a hunting accident, Boston Columbian Centinel, 1812 420
  5. Account of a communal hunt, Connecticut Courant, 1817 420


17 INDIGENOUS SPORTS AND GAMES 421

Lacrosse

  1. Excerpt from the military journal of Ebenezer Denny 422
  2. Excerpts from the writings of Marinus Willett 422
  3. Excerpt from Travels in America and Italy. By François Auguste René, Viscount de Chateaubriand 423
  4. Excerpt from A Tour throught the Southern and Western Territories of the United States of North-America; the Spanish Dominions on the River Mississippi, and the Floridas; the Countries of the Creek Nations; and Many Uninhabited Parts. By John Pope 423
  5. Excerpt from the journal of Samuel Kirkland 424
  6. Excerpts from the diary of Louis Philipe, Duke of Orleans 424
  7. Excerpt from the journal of Rev. Joseph Bullen 425
  8. Excerpts from the writings of George Thomas Landmann 425
  9. Excerpt from A Journal of Voyages and Travels in the Interiour of North America, Between the 47th and 58th Degrees of North Latitude, Extending from Montreal Nearly to the Pacific Ocean. By Daniel Williams Harmon 427
  10. Excerpt from the journal of Rush Nutt 427
  11. Excerpt from the journal of William Clark 427
  12. Excerpts from An Account of Expeditions to the Sources of the Mississippi, and through the Western Parts of Louisiana, to the Sources of the Arkansaw, Kans, La Platte, and Pierre Jaun, Rivers; Performed by Order of the Government of the United States During the Years 1805, 1806, and 1807. And A Tour through the Interior Parts of New Spain, When Conducted by Order of the Captain-General, in the Year 1807. By Zebulon Pike 427
  13. Excerpt from Travels on an Inland Voyage through the States of New-York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee, and through the Territories of Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi and New-Orleans; Performed in the Years 1807 and 1808; Including a Tour of Nearly Six Thousand Miles. By Christian Schulz 428
  14. Excerpts from the journal of John Norton 428

Other Sports and Games

  1. Excerpt from Voyages from Montreal, on the River St. Laurence, through the Continent of North America, to the Frozen and Pacific Oceans; in the Years, 1789 and 1793. By Alexander Mackenzie 430
  2. Excerpt from Travels in America and Italy. By François August René, Viscount de Chateaubriand 431
  3. Excerpt from the journal of Francis Baily 431
  4. Excerpt from "A Dissertation on the Soil, Rivers, Productions, Animal and Vegetable, with General Notes on the Internal Parts of Louisiana, compiled from Observations Made by Capt. Z.M. Pike, in a Late Tour from the Mouth of the Missouri, to the Head Waters of the Arkansaw and Rio del Norte in the Years 1806 and 1807; Including Observations on the Aborigines of the Country." By Zebulon Pike 431
  5. Excerpt from the journal of Henry Marie Brackenridge 432


18 WINTER SPORTS 433

Skating and Sliding

  1. Boston town by-law 433
  2. Excerpts from the diary of William Bentley 434
  3. Excerpts from the diary of Elizabeth Simcoe 434
  4. Excerpts from letters from Nathaniel Saltonstall and son Nathaniel Saltonstall, Jr., to Leverett Saltonstall 434
  5. Excerpt from the writings of George Thomas Landmann 435
  6. Excerpt from Harvard College law 435
  7. Excerpts from Recollections of a Lifetime, or Men and Things I have Seen. By Samuel Griswold Goodrich 435
  8. Excerpt from Youthful Sports 435
  9. Excerpt from Gymnastics for Youth. Or A Practical Guide to Healthful and Amusing Exercises. For the Use of Schools. By Johann Christoph Friedrich Guts Muths 436
  10. Excerpt from Travels through Lower Canada, and the United States of North America, in the Years 1806, 1807, and 1808. By John Lambert 437
  11. Excerpts from letters from John Randolph to Theodore Bland Dudley 437
  12. Excerpt from Juvenile Miscellany, Including Some Natural History, for the Use of Children 437
  13. Excerpt from A Peep into the Sports of Youth, and the Occupations and Amusements of the Age 438
  14. Excerpt from Youthful Amusements 438
  15. Excerpt from a letter from John Quincy Adams to Thomas Boylston Adams 438
  16. Excerpt from The Book of Games; or, a History of the Juvenile Sports Practised at Kingston Academy 438
  17. Excerpt from "Letter VII" of "Learning, Morals, Etc. of New England." By Timothy Dwight 439
  18. Advertisement for skates, Boston Columbian Centinel, 1818 439
  19. Excerpt from Winter 439
  20. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 440
  21. Excerpt from A Visit to North America and the English Settlements in Illinois, with a Winter Residence at Philadelphia. By Adlard Welby 440

Sledding and Sleighing

  1. Excerpt from the diary of Ann Warder 440
  2. Excerpt from the diary of William Bentley 440
  3. Excerpt from Some Information Respecting America, Collected by Thomas Cooper, Late of Manchester. By Thomas Cooper 440
  4. Excerpt from Travels in the United States of America, Commencing in the Year 1793 and Ending in 1797, With the Author's Journals of Two
  5. Voyages across the Atlantic. By William Priest 441
  6. Excerpt from the journal of James Elliot 441
  7. Excerpt from An Historical, Geographical, Commercial, and Philosophical View of the United States of America, and of the European Settlements in America and the West-Indies. By William Winterbotham 441
  8. Excerpt from the journal of Francis Baily 441
  9. Excerpt from the writings of George Thomas Landmann 442
  10. Excerpt from Recollections of a Lifetime, or Men and Things I have Seen. By Samuel Griswold Goodrich 443
  11. Excerpt from the writings of James Iredell 443
  12. Excerpt from Letters from Canada, Written during a Residence There in the Years 1806, 1807, and 1808. By Hugh Gray 443
  13. Excerpt from Travels in America. Performed in 1806. For the Purpose of Exploring the Rivers Alleghany, Monongahela, Ohio, and Mississippi. By Thomas Ashe 443
  14. Excerpt from Travels through Lower Canada, and the United States of North America, in the Years 1806, 1807, and 1808. By John Lambert 444
  15. Excerpt from "Letter VII" of "Learning, Morals, Etc. of New England." By Timothy Dwight 444
  16. Excerpts from Journal of Travels in The United States of America, and in Lower Canada, Performed in the Year 1817. By John Palmer 444
  17. Excerpt from Winter 445
  18. Excerpt from Travels through Part of the United States and Canada in 1818 and 1819. By John M. Duncan 445
  19. Excerpts from An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive View of the United States of America, and of Upper and Lower Canada. By Eneas Mackenzie 445
  20. Excerpt from Remarks on Children's Play 445
  21. Excerpt from A Visit to North America and the English Settlements in Illinois, with a Winter Residence at Philadelphia. By Adlard Welby 445
  22. Excerpt from Statistical Account of Upper Canada. By Robert Gourlay 446


SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY 447

Indexes

  1. Index of Names 451
  2. Index of Subjects 453
  3. Index of Institutions 465
  4. Index of Geographic and Place Names 466

 

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