Academic International Press


Sports in North America (SportsDocs)

A Documentary History

In Print

  • Volume 1 Part 1 Sports in the Colonial Era, 1618-1783 Edited by Thomas L. Altherr (Metropolitan State College). 1087 documents, 496 pages. 1996. Contents of Volume 1 Part I
  • Volume 1 Part 2 Sports in the New Republic, 1784-1820 Edited by Thomas L. Altherr (Metropolitan State College). 668 documents, 469 pages. 1996. Contents of Volume 1 Part II
  • Volume 2 Origins of Modern Sports, 1820-1840 Edited by Larry K. Menna (SUNY, Farmingdale). 145 documents, 420 pages. 1994. Contents of Volume 2
  • Volume 3 The Rise of Modern Sports, 1840-1860 Edited by George B. Kirsch (Manhattan College). 150 documents, 408 pages. 1992. Contents of Volume 3
  • Volume 4 Sports in War, Revival and Expansion, 1860-1880 Edited by George B. Kirsch (Manhattan College). 147 documents, 412 pages. 1995. Contents of Volume 4
  • Volume 5 Sports Organized, 1880-1900 Edited by Gerald R. Gems (North Central College). 249 documents 529 pages. 1996. Contents of Volume 5
  • Volume 6 Sports and Reform, 1900-1920 Edited by Steven A. Riess (Northeastern Illinois University). 276 documents, 516 pages. 1996. Contents of Volume 6

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Volume 6 Sports and Reform

Contents of Volume 6

Preface xiv

Introduction xv

1 SPORT, CHARACTER, AND MORALITY

  1. Fighting the Gang With Athletics 4
  2. Athletics and Morals 6
  3. Athletics and the School 8
  4. Athletics and the College 11
  5. Amateurism: A Canadian Definition 14
  6. Amateurism 15
  7. Does Athletics Make Girls Masculine? 18

2 AERONAUTICS

  1. Chicago Party Covers 800 Miles in 11 Hours Making a New Speed Record 24
  2. Beachey in Air Beats Oldfield in Automobile 25
  3. On the Wings of To-Day 26
  4. Harvard-Boston Aviation Meet 28
  5. The Last Race for the Gordon Bennett Cup 32

3 AUTOMOBILE RACING

  1. The New York Times on the Glidden Tour 37
  2. The Second Glidden Cup Tour 38
  3. The Deadly Element of Auto Racing 38
  4. The New York to Paris Race 39
  5. The Great Trans-Continental Race: New York to Seattle 42
  6. Marmon Car Wins Indianapolis Inaugural 43
  7. The Early Career of Car Racer Joan N. Cuneo 45
  8. Garden Crowds See Auto Polo 47

4 BASEBALL

  1. Settlement Secured; Peace Proclaimed. The Popular Double League System Scores a Splendid Triumph 54
  2. National Agreement for the Government of Professional Base Ball Clubs 56
  3. Final Decision of the Special Base Ball Commission 62
  4. The 1906 EL World Series 64
  5. The Merkle Boner 66
  6. The Snodgrass Muff 68
  7. The Business of Baseball 70
  8. Terms Which Brought Peace in Federal League War 79
  9. Baseball and the National Life 80
  10. The Confession of Joe Jackson Before the Grand Jury of Cook County 84
  11. Grand Jury Finds Baseball Generally Honest 89
  12. Black and White Ballplayers Compared 90
  13. Colored Players and the Big Leagues 91
  14. Inter-Racial Baseball Should Come to Fruition 92
  15. Enormous Crown Expected at Amateur Title Game, 1914 95
  16. Telling Strollers Win Amateur Championship 95
  17. Playground Ball Fine Innovation 96
  18. Workers Planning for Many Baseball Games This Season, 1904 98
  19. Baseball Night Ball Pioneers 99
  20. Cricket in Canada, 1901 100
  21. "Cricket" 101

5 BASKETBALL

  1. Constitution of the Massachusetts League of Basket Ball Clubs 104
  2. The New York Wanderers 110
  3. The Buffalo Germans 114
  4. Settlement House Basketball 117
  5. Present Popularity of Basket Ball 118
  6. Making a Participatory Sport Into a Spectator Game 118
  7. Manliness and College Basketball 119
  8. The Significance of Basketball for Women 121
  9. Basketball at the Elite Sister Colleges 125

6 BOATING

  1. Mr. Dooley on the Yacht-Races 130
  2. Racing Big Yachts is a Costly Sport 131
  3. The America's Cup Remains at Home 133
  4. Toronto Argonauts Win US National Championship, 1901 135
  5. Eddie Durnan the Champion 135
  6. The American College Stroke 138
  7. The High Cost of Rowing 142
  8. The American Power Boat Association-Articles of Association 143

7 COMBAT SPORTS

  1. Membership Boxing Clubs 150
  2. Boxing Returns to New York 151
  3. Boxing Comes Back to Great Welcome 153
  4. Joe Gans Confesses to Throwing a Fight 155
  5. Jeffries-Johnson Fight, 1910 156
  6. Views of Championship Fight 157
  7. Race Outbreaks at Chattanooga 158
  8. Atlanta to Bar Fight Pictures 158
  9. Willard Defeats Jack Johnson 159
  10. The Emergence of Jack Dempsey 160
  11. Leonard Outclasses Benny White 162
  12. Gotch Defeats Hackenschmidt 164
  13. The Fastest Fall in History 166
  14. Apollos of the Mat 167
  15. Lewis Captures Title 170
  16. The Game of the Sword as Practiced at the Fencers Club 171

8 CYCLING

  1. The Decline of the Bicycle 176
  2. Brown's Ride Finished 177
  3. The Century Road Club of America 178
  4. Major Taylor is Champion. Worcester Whirlwind Proves Himself the Fastest Man of the Year 179
  5. Turning the Tables on Jacquelin, the French Idol 180
  6. The Most Dramatic Episode of Major Taylor's Career 182
  7. Six Days' Race Ended at Madison Square Garden, 1900 184
  8. American Team Wins 1903 Six-Day Race at Madison Square Garden 185
  9. Types at a Six-Day Race: Night Scene in Madison Square Garden 188
  10. The Popularity of Six-Day Bicycle Races in New York, 1920 189
  11. World's Speed Record 190
  12. The Canadian Motorcyclists' Association, 1912 191

9 FISHING

  1. General Rules Governing All Casting Contests 193
  2. What is Tournament Casting? 194
  3. Some Fishing Pretenses and Affectations 195
  4. The Black Bass and Some Sportsmen 200

10 FOOTBALL

  1. Michigan Defeats Stanford in Rose Bowl 208
  2. The Michigan-Chicago Thanksgiving Day Game, 1905 210
  3. Yellow Jackets Roll Up Over Two Hundred Points in Beating Cumberland 212
  4. Professionalizing the College Football Star 213
  5. Football Year's Death Harvest 221
  6. Why Northwestern Should Drop Intercollegiate Football 223
  7. Football Returns to Northwestern 223
  8. Alterations Appearing in Rules of 1906 224
  9. Alterations in Rules for 1912 226
  10. Opening Up the Game With the Forward Pass: Notre Dame's Open Play Upsets Army 227
  11. George Gipp Runs to Glory 229
  12. Indoor Pro Football 230
  13. Staleys and Akron Battle to 0-0 Tie 231
  14. New Zealanders Gave a Thrilling Exhibition 232
  15. Rugby Football on the Pacific Coast 233
  16. Why California Likes Rugby 235
  17. Bethlehem Sets Mark by Winning Double Championship 238
  18. The Slavia Soccer Club of Chicago 240
  19. Czechs Lack Team Work in Soccer 241

11 GOLF

  1. Golf in America 244
  2. What Golf Means to a Big City 246
  3. More Public Links Needed for the Growth of Golf 250
  4. Formation of the Women's Metropolitan Golf League, 1900 252
  5. Ouimet Wins National Open 254

12 GYMNASTICS

  1. The Gospel of the Turnverein 256
  2. Bohemian Sokols at the 1914 Cook County Athletic Tournament 260
  3. Public Gymnastic Exhibition of Sokol Slavoj in Chicago, 1914 262
  4. Gymnastics at the Elite Eastern Women's Colleges 263
  5. Chicago's Women's Athletic Club 264

13 HOCKEY

  1. Ottawa Keeps the Cup, 1904 269
  2. Toronto's Capture Stanley Cup, 1914 270
  3. Owen Sound Ladies Win, 1900 272
  4. Hockey Men Angry; Deny Impropriety 273
  5. Formation of US-Canadian Hockey Alliance, 1919 275
  6. Canada Victorious in Olympic Hockey Final 278

14 INDOOR SPORTS

  1. Mussey's Billiard Parlor 283
  2. The Founding of the Billiard Room Keepers' Association of America, 1900 283
  3. Billiard Players Plan Tournaments, 1909 285
  4. Schaefer-Hoppe World Championship Billiards Match, March 1908 286
  5. The Post-War Boom in Billiards 287
  6. Billiard Parlors in Cleveland 288
  7. Bowling as a Good Sport for Women 291
  8. Woman's Bowling Tournament, 1900 292
  9. The First Women's National Tournament Planned 293
  10. Constitution of the American Bowling Congress 295
  11. American Bowling Congress Rules and Regulations Governing the Game of American Ten Pins 297
  12. Frank Brill Captures A.B.C. Tournament 300
  13. Post-War Cleveland Bowling Facilities 301
  14. Indoor Sports and the Workplace 303

15 LACROSSE

  1. Initiation of the Minto Cup 306
  2. Constitution of the Dominion Lacrosse Association 307
  3. Crescents Too Much for Seneca Indians 310
  4. Crescents Defeat Mt. Washington Team 310
  5. Indians Are Too Fast 311
  6. Carling Cup Ends in a Row 312
  7. The King of Field Games 313
  8. Lacrosse vs. Base Ball 316
  9. Hockey in Women's Colleges 318

16 MARKSMANSHIP AND HUNTING

  1. Duck Shooting Day 321
  2. World's Best Hunting Ground is Canada 321
  3. Huntsmen Flock to Adirondacks 324
  4. In Quiet Covers: The Story of a North Carolina Turkey Hunt 327
  5. Bates, of Canada, Wins the 1900 Grand American Handicap 330
  6. Constitution of the United States Revolver Association 331
  7. Methods and Customs to be Followed in Conducting the Annual Competitions of the U. S. R. A. 332
  8. The International Match of June, 1903 334
  9. The National Rifle Association Promotes Marksmanship 335
  10. Marksmanship and the PSAL 337
  11. General Wingate on Marksmanship and Military Preparedness 337
  12. Shooting Gains Vastly in US 337
  13. Uncle Sam Leads the World in Rifle Shooting 340

17 THE OLYMPICS

  1. American Athletes Win, 1900 346
  2. Americans Dominate Track Events; The Sunday Controversy 347
  3. Controversy Over Sunday Games. 347
  4. American Indians Capture Anthropology Athletic Meet, 1904 348
  5. Americans Make More Records at Stadium: Flanagan is Beaten by Canadian in 56-Pound Weight-Putting Event 349
  6. New York Athletic Club in Olympics 350
  7. The Marathon Race of 1906 352
  8. The Failure of Americans as Athletes 354
  9. Biased Officiating at the 1908 London Olympics; American Disqualified in 400M Race 358
  10. The Growing Strain in Anglo-American Athletics 359
  11. James E. Sullivan Speaks for the American Olympic Committee 359
  12. Hayes Takes 1908 Olympic Marathon Following Pietri Disqualification 360
  13. The World's Greatest Athlete Revealed as Professional 362
  14. Loomis Smashes World's Record in Olympic Hurdles 364
  15. World Record is Made by Thomson 364

18 SWIMMING

  1. The Illinois Athletic Club 367
  2. The Panama-Pacific Swim Meet of 1915 368
  3. Charlotte Epstein's Letter to the New York Times Supports Women's Swimming 370
  4. Amendment at AAU Meeting to Drop Women's Swimming Fails 371
  5. Ethelda Bleibtrey Swamps Field in 100 Meter Swim at Antwerp 372
  6. Another Record for Ethelda Bleibtrey 372
  7. Duke Kahanamoku Sets World Record 373
  8. 19 TENNIS
  9. Elite Racquet Sports 375
  10. Tennis at the St. Louis World's Fair and Olympic Games 376
  11. What America Spends for Tennis 377
  12. "Big Bill" Tilden Beats Johnson for Lawn Tennis Title 378
  13. New York's Popular Racquet and Tennis Club 380
  14. Fincke's Victory a Big Surprise 382

20 TRACK AND FIELD

  1. Constitution and By-Laws of the Amateur Athletic Union of Canada 386
  2. The Fastest Sprint: How Arthur F. Duffey Made a New World's Record 392
  3. Intelligence Added to Endurance 395
  4. Commercializing Amateur Athletics 396
  5. The Capitalization of Amateur Athletics 399
  6. The PSAL's Athletic Triumph 403
  7. The World's Greatest Athletic Organization 404
  8. Progress of the PSAL 407
  9. Girls' Athletics Boom for the Sex 409

21 TURF, HORSE RACING AND EQUESTRIAN SPORTS

  1. What an Average Day's Horse Racing Costs 416
  2. The Poolrooms of Chicago and New York 423
  3. Tradition Hit When Regret Takes Derby, 1915 427
  4. Man O'War Gallops to World's Record in Realization 428
  5. Man O'War Beats Sir Barton 429
  6. Horse Racing in Canada 431
  7. The Montreal Jockey Club 433
  8. Racing Resumes in Toronto, 1920 434
  9. Dan Patch Breaks World Record 436
  10. Cresceus, Turf King, Trots Mile in 1:59 3-4 437
  11. The New York Times Lauds the American Polo Team 440
  12. Americans Win Polo Cup Easily 440
  13. The Winnipeg Stampede, 1913 442
  14. The Fox Hunting Season 444

22 WINTER SPORTS

  1. Skiing Over the New Hampshire Hills 449
  2. Curling in Canada 453
  3. The Scottish Tour in Winnipeg, 1903 453
  4. Canadian Curlers Best the Scots at Their Own Game; Championship Curlers Feted Upon Return to Canada 456
  5. Curling in New York: Curlers Prepare for Big Games 457
  6. Figure Skating Becoming Popular 459
  7. The Fine Art of Skating 461
  8. Skating Clubs in North America 463
  9. Constitution and By-Laws of the Figure Skating Department of the Amateur Skating Association of Canada 465
  10. All Toronto Skaters Defeated in Canadian Championships 472
  11. New Skating Organization Intended to Control the Sport in United States and Canada 473
  12. Winter Sport in Canadian Colleges 474
  13. The St. Paul Winter Carnival 477

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Primary Sources 479

Secondary Sources 489

Indexes 501

  1. Index of Names 501
  2. Index of Subjects 505
  3. Index of Institutions 509
  4. Index of Geographic and Place Names 514

 

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