Academic International Press


Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual (REFFA)

(Formerly USSR Facts Figures Annual (UFFA))

REFFA/UFFA Contents

 

Back to Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual (REFFA).

Back to Russia / Soviet Union / Eurasia.

Back to AIP Home Page.

UFFA Volume 1 Contents

INTRODUCTION v

I GOVERNMENT

  1. Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 1
  2. USSR Council of Ministers 1
  3. All-Union Ministries 2
  4. Union Republic Ministries 2
  5. State Committees 3
  6. Agencies 4
  7. Chairmen of Republic Councils of Ministers 4
  8. Agencies of the Council of Ministers Without Ministerial Rank 4
  9. Supreme Soviet of the USSR 5
  10. Supreme Court of the USSR & Procuracy 5
  11. Supreme Soviet 6
  12. Voting for the Supreme Soviet 6
  13. Soviet of the Union 6
  14. Soviet of Nationalities 7
  15. Women in Government 7
  16. Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars or Ministers 7
  17. 1st Deputy Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars or Ministers 7
  18. Ministry of Foreign Affairs 8
  19. People's Commissars or Ministers of Foreign Affairs 8
  20. 1st Deputy Foreign Ministers 8
  21. Diplomatic Ranks & Positions 9
  22. Soviet Ambassadors 9
  23. Soviet Embassy & Consulates in the United States 11
  24. Diplomatic List: USSR 12
  25. Soviet Consulate, San Francisco, 1976 16
  26. Diplomatic Representatives Accredited to the USSR 17
  27. Soviet Ambassadors to the United States 19
  28. American Ambassadors to the USSR 20
  29. Council for Mutual Economic Assistance 20
  30. CMEA Organization 20
  31. CMEA Sessions, 1949-76 21
  32. Chairmen, Soviet State Security Forces 21
  33. Republic Chiefs, Soviet State Security Forces 22
  34. Administrative-Territorial Units by Union Republics 23
  35. USSR Administrative Divisions (Map) 24
  36. The Constitution of the USSR 25
  37. Permanent Mission to the United Nations 37
  38. Permanent USSR Representative at the United Nations & Security Council 38
  39. Contributions to the United Nations, 1973-74 39
  40. Soviet Security Council Vetoes 39

II COMMUNIST PARTY

  1. Local Party Organs 42
  2. Primary Party Organizations 42
  3. Composition of Primary Party Organizations 42
  4. Network of Primary Party Organizations 42
  5. Party Members by Education 43
  6. Party Members & Candidates by Class 43
  7. Tenure 43
  8. Nationality 43
  9. Party Studies 44
  10. Composition of Propagandist Cadres 44
  11. CPSU Politburo, 1966-76 45
  12. Departments of the Secretariat 46
  13. Party Schools 46
  14. Presidium, 1952-66 46
  15. Politburo, 1919-52 47
  16. Politburo & Secretariat: Union Republics 47
  17. CPSU Membership: USSR, 1917-76 50
  18. CPSU Membership: Republics, 1957-75 51
  19. Recruitment & Expulsion, 1956-74 54
  20. 25th Party Congress (1976) Central Committee History 54
  21. CPSU Congresses & Conferences 63
  22. Komsomol Membership: USSR, 1918-76 64
  23. Komsomol (Young Communist League)) Membership: Republics, 1957-75 65
  24. Young Communist League (YCL) (Komsomol) Congresses 66
  25. Chairmen, First, General Secretaries of the Komsomol 67
  26. Komsomol Youth Organizations 67
  27. Comintern Congresses, Plenas & Meetings 67
  28. Cominform Meetings 68
  29. Communist Youth International Congresses 68
  30. Nationality of Party Elite 68
  31. Nationality of Republic Leadership 69
  32. World Strength of Communist Parties 69

III REPUBLICS OF THE USSR

  1. USSR, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 73
  2. Armenia 73
  3. Azerbaidzhan 74
  4. Belorussia 74
  5. Estonia 75
  6. Georgia 76
  7. Kazakhstan 76
  8. Kirgizia 77
  9. Latvia 77
  10. Lithuania 78
  11. Moldavia 78
  12. RSFSR, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic 79
  13. Tadzhikistan 79
  14. Turkmenistan, Turkmenia 80
  15. Ukraine 80
  16. Uzbekistan 81
  17. European USSR, Central Asia & Kazakhstan (Map) 82-83

IV DEMOGRAPHY

  1. Population, 1750-1976 84
  2. Area & Population by Republics & Regions, 1975 84
  3. Economic Regions & Macroregions Since 1963 85
  4. USSR Economic Regions (Map) 87
  5. Projected Population, 1 Jan 1977-2000 88
  6. Class Structure of Society, 1940-74 88
  7. Projected Population by Age Groups and Sex 89
  8. Population by Education, 1970 91
  9. Family Size, 1970 92
  10. Percent Change in the Total Population, by Administrative Area: 1959 to 1970 93
  11. Population by Nationality, 1926-70 94
  12. Ethnic Composition of Population by Republics 1959, 1970 94
  13. Births by Age Groups 96
  14. Births in Urban & Rural Localities 96
  15. Mortality by Age Groups 97
  16. Registered Marriages & Divorces 97
  17. Marriage Ages, 1970 97
  18. Unmarried (1970) 98
  19. Migration by Union Republics, 1968-70 98
  20. Number & Population of Cities 99
  21. Population Increases of Large Cities, 1959-70 100
  22. Distribution of Population & Industrial Capacity, 1970 100
  23. Cities with Over 250,000 Inhabitants, 1975 100
  24. Urban & Rural Population by Republics, 1975 103

V ARMED FORCES

  1. Ministry of Defense 104
  2. Personnel 107
  3. Army Divisions by Type, 1965-76 107
  4. Deployment of Soviet Divisions by Region & Type, 1976 107
  5. Division & Brigade Size, USSR & US 108
  6. Division Readiness 108
  7. NATO & Warsaw Pact (WTO) Comparisons, 1976 108
  8. Warsaw Pact Forces, 1976 109
  9. Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO) Structure 109
  10. Military Districts & Command Centers 110
  11. Armed Forces: USSR & US, 1955-76 110
  12. Strategic Nuclear Forces: USSR & US 1962-76 110
  13. SIPRI Estimated Ruble Costs of Soviet Defense Programs 111
  14. CIA Estimated Dollar Costs of Soviet Defense Programs 111
  15. Soviet Military Expenditures by Services, 1975 112
  16. Military Expenditures: USSR 112
  17. Military Expenditures: Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO) 112
  18. Military Expenditures: NATO 113
  19. Arms Transfers: USSR 113
  20. Arms Transfers: Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO) 114
  21. Arms Transfers: NATO 114
  22. State Defense, 1917-76 114
  23. Military Retirement Age 115
  24. Comparative Weapons Production: USSR & US, 1971-75 & 1973-75 116
  25. Aircraft Numbers & Disposition 116
  26. Aircraft in Production & Development 117
  27. New Surface Ships 118
  28. Principal Surface Ships 118
  29. Attack & Cruise-Missile Submarines 119
  30. Missiles 120
  31. Ballistic Missile Submarines 121
  32. Comparison of US and USSR ICBMs 122
  33. Comparison of US and USSR SLBMs 123
  34. Armored Vehicles 124
  35. Artillery 124
  36. Weapons for Ground Forces: USSR, US, PRC 125
  37. Military Ranks 125
  38. Scientists & Engineers in R & D: USSR & US, 1974 126
  39. Pool of 18-year-old Males for the Draft & Economy 127

VI THE ECONOMY

  1. State Budget, 1974-76 127
  2. State Budget by Union Republics, 1976-77 128
  3. USSR & US Gross National Product 129
  4. Average Annual Rates of Growth of Total GNP, Factor Inputs & Factor Productivity, 1951-75 129
  5. Average Annual Rates of Growth of Industrial Production, Factor Inputs & Factor Productivity, 1951-75 129
  6. Growth of GNP by Sector, 1974-75 130
  7. Average Annual Rates of Growth of Industrial Production 130
  8. Growth of Industrial Production by Sector, 1974-75 130
  9. USSR & US: Average Annual & Absolute Growth Rates, 1951-74 131
  10. USSR in World & European Production, 1913, 1974 132
  11. Index of the 10th Five-year Plan, 1976-80 133
  12. Summary of 10th Five-year Plan, 1976-80 133
  13. Index of 10th Five-year Plan by Republics 134
  14. Summary of 1976-77 Plans 134
  15. 1976 Plan Fulfillment by Republics 135
  16. 1976 Plan Fulfillment by Ministries & Departments 135
  17. Gross Fixed Capital Investments by Sectors 137
  18. Capital Investments & Fixed Capital Put in Operation 138
  19. Capital Investments by Union Republic, 1974 139
  20. Industrial Production in Physical Terms, 1974-76 139
  21. Production of Equipment for Various Industries 141
  22. Light Industrial Production 142
  23. Production of Cast Iron, Steel, Rolled Ferrous Metals & Steel Pipes 143
  24. Industrial Capacities Put in Operation, 1975-76 143
  25. Production of Motor Vehicles 144
  26. Crude Oil Production 145
  27. Regional Production of Crude Oil, 1975 145
  28. Oil Consumption 145
  29. Natural Gas Production 145
  30. Regional Production of Natural Gas, 1975 145
  31. Natural Gas Reserves, 1974 145
  32. Siberian Resources (Map) 146
  33. Natural Gas Production, 1913-80 147
  34. Natural Gas Consumption 147
  35. Gold Production 147
  36. Production of Mineral Commodities, 1975 147
  37. Principal Basins and Deposits of Fossil Fuels, Metals, and Nonmetals USSR (Map) 148-149
  38. Ferro-Alloy Metal Locations 151
  39. Mineral Reserves in Communist Nations & the US 152
  40. Estimated Petroleum Reserves 153
  41. USSR Energy Needs 153
  42. Electricity Generated by Atomic Reactors, 1975 154
  43. Soviet Hydroelectric Generating Plants 154
  44. Distribution of Electrical Output 154
  45. Fuel Production by Union Republic, 1974 155
  46. US and USSR: Energy Sources, 1975 155
  47. Production & Consumption of Commercial Energy, 1950-75 156
  48. Chemical Output, 1960-74 157
  49. Index of CMEA Industrial Production, 1975 158
  50. Index of CMEA Retail Trade Turnover, 1975 158
  51. Index of CMEA Capital Investment, 1975 158
  52. Index of CMEA National Income, 1975 158
  53. Foreign Currency Exchange Rates 159
  54. Denominations of Soviet Money 160
  55. Deposits in Savings Banks & Gosbank 160
  56. Bank Credits to the National Economy & Population, Loans at Year End 161
  57. Short-term Credits to the National Economy by Type, Loans at Year End 161
  58. Interest Rates on Selected Soviet Credits Compared to Alternate Sources of Funds,1974-75 163
  59. Automated Management Systems Put in Operation by 1975 163
  60. Retail Turnover of State & Cooperative Trade, 1975 163
  61. Inventions & Rationalizations in the National Economy 164
  62. Gross Fixed Capital Formation by Material and Non-material Sectors, 1973-74 165
  63. Gross Fixed Capital Formation by Industrial Branches, 1973-74 165
  64. Gross Fixed Capital Formation, Capital Formation Ratios and Incremental Capital-Output Ratios, 1973-75 165
  65. Profits in the National Economy 166
  66. Industrial Projects 1976 (Map) 167
  67. Industrial Projects 1977 (Map) 168

VII AGRICULTURE

  1. Production of Major Crops & Animal Products 169
  2. Production of Agricultural Commodities, 1975 169
  3. 1976 Agricultural Summary 171
  4. Grains: Area, Yield & Production, 1971-76 172
  5. Sown Area by Republics 172
  6. Grains 174
  7. Wheat & Wheat Flour 174
  8. Course Grains 174
  9. Comparative Total Grain Yields 175
  10. Comparative Rice Areas & Yields 175
  11. Livestock, 1976-77 (by owner) 175
  12. Livestock, 1916-77 (by type) 175
  13. Livestock by Union Republics, 1975 176
  14. Livestock Production by Republics 176
  15. Kolkhozy by Republics 177
  16. Sovkhozy by Republics 179
  17. Indices of Kolkhoz & Sovkhoz Development 180
  18. State Purchases from Collective Farms: Dairy, Fowl & Cattle, 1976 181
  19. Grapes, Fruits & Berries, Tea: Sown Area & Gross Harvest, 1974 181
  20. Private Agricultural Production 182
  21. Migration of Collective Farmers, Udmurt ASSR, 1946-66 183
  22. Foreign Trade in Agricultural Commodities 185
  23. Soviet Grain Trade, 1970-76 185
  24. Regional Crop Calendars 186-187
  25. Feed Grain Trade 188
  26. Conversion Table for Major Crops 188
  27. US Grain & Feed Exports to the USSR, East Europe & World, FY 1976 188
  28. Ten Ranking Importers of Wheat & Flour, 1975-76 189
  29. US Wheat & Flour Exports to Ten Largest Markets, 1975-76 189
  30. US Feed Grains & Wheat Exports to the USSR, 1971-77 190
  31. Efforts to Improve Cropland, 1975-80 190
  32. Irrigation & Drainage & 10th Five-year Plan 190
  33. Total Irrigated & Drained Areas, 1940-80 190
  34. Tractor Production 190
  35. Tractors Produced by Type, 1974 191
  36. Timber Cut 191
  37. Timber Products, 1974 191
  38. Fish Catch by Species, 1974 191
  39. Fish Products, 1974 193

VIII FOREIGN TRADE & AID

  1. Foreign Trade, 1913-75 194
  2. Soviet Foreign Trade with the US, 1970-74 194
  3. Foreign Trade by Countries, 1974 196
  4. Foreign Trade, 1970-75 197
  5. Soviet Trade with Socialist Countries, 1974-75 198
  6. Soviet Trade with Western Countries, 1974-75 198
  7. Soviet Trade with Developing Countries, 1974-75 198
  8. US-Soviet Trade, 1975 199
  9. US-Soviet Trade, 1976 199
  10. Soviet Trade with US and China, 1965-75 199
  11. Dollar-Ruble Equivalents, 1961-76 199
  12. Hard Currency Exports 200
  13. EXIM Bank Direct Credits to the USSR 200
  14. Foreign Trade Organizations 201
  15. Representatives to the Council for Economic Assistance 204
  16. CMEA Debt 204
  17. Soviet Hard Currency Trade Deficit, 1970-75 204
  18. American Companies Having Agreements with the State Committee for Science & Technology 204
  19. Soviet Military Aid to Less Developed Countries & Military Personnel from LDCs Trained in the USSR 205
  20. Soviet Economic Credits, Grants & Technicians to Less Developed Countries (LDCs), 1954-75 206
  21. Soviet Economic Aid to LDCs, Extensions & Drawings 207
  22. Soviet Military Aid to LDCs, Extensions & Drawings 207
  23. Soviet and East European Military Technicians in LDCs, 1975 207

IX HEALTH, EDUCATION & WELFARE

  1. Expenditures for Social-Cultural Measures Budget, 1940-74 208
  2. USSR & US: Economic Indicators & Living Standards, 1975 208
  3. Personal Disposable Income 210
  4. Household Stocks of Consumer Durables, 1975 210
  5. Growth in Per Capita Consumption 210
  6. Housing Added, 1918-80 211
  7. Pensioners by Republic & Category, 1975 211
  8. Number of Students by Instruction 211
  9. General Education Day Schools 212
  10. Population with Higher & Secondary Education, 1975 212
  11. Enrollment in Higher & Specialized Secondary Schools 212
  12. Students in Higher & Secondary Specialized Education by Specialists 213
  13. Kindergartens & Nurseries 213
  14. Engineers Graduated in the USSR & United States 213
  15. Number of Graduates to the Economy, 1941-74, 1974-75 213
  16. Mass Libraries, 1974-75 214
  17. Books and Brochures Published, 1913-75 214
  18. Diet 215
  19. Physicians by Union Republics, 1974 215
  20. Physicians by Specialty 216
  21. Hospitals by Republic 216
  22. Illness by Infectious Diseases (thousands) 217
  23. Illness by Infectious Diseases (per 100,000 persons) 217
  24. Physicians & Hospital Beds, 1974 217
  25. Average Life Expectancy in Russia and the US 218

X COMMUNICATIONS

  1. Newspapers, Radios, Televisions, Cinemas, 1974 219
  2. Mail Traffic, Telegrams, Telephones in Use 219
  3. Periodicals 220
  4. Newspapers 224
  5. Publishers 226
  6. Press Bureaux 227
  7. Radio & Television 227
  8. Books & Brochures in Languages of the USSR & Abroad, 1974 227
  9. Translations 229
  10. Books & Brochures Published by Themes, 1974 229
  11. Editions of Marx, Engels & Lenin, 1918-74 230

XI TRANSPORTATION

  1. Freight Transported (bil. ton-kilo.) 231
  2. Freight Transported (million tons) 231
  3. Passengers Transported 231
  4. Length of Railways, Waterways & Highways, 1940-74 232
  5. Ocean-going Merchant Vessels of 1000 Gross Tons and Over 233
  6. Ocean Steam & Motor Ships of 1000 Gross Tons and Over 233
  7. Aeroflot Airliners 234
  8. USSR International Airport Runways 234
  9. Railroads 235
  10. Inventory of Railroad Cars, Civilian Aircraft & Trucks 235

XII INSTITUTIONS

  1. Academy of Sciences USSR 236
  2. Academy Sections 236
  3. Presidents of the Academy of Sciences, USSR, 1917-76 237
  4. Academy of Sciences, Academicians & Corresponding Members Elected 23 Dec 1976 237
  5. Religion 238
  6. Military Academics 242
  7. State Universities 244
  8. Museums, 1974 245
  9. Major Museums & Exhibitions by City 245
  10. Theaters of Moscow, Leningrad & Kiev 252

XIII LABOR

  1. Labor Force, 1965-1990 254
  2. Labor Force, CIA Estimates 254
  3. Annual Average Workers & Employees in the Economy 254
  4. Trade Union Membership: USSR, 1918-76 254
  5. Trade Union Membership: Republics, 1957-75 255
  6. Annual Average Employment by Branches of the Economy 256
  7. Employment by Branches of the Economy, ILO Estimates 257
  8. Average Monthly Wages of Workers & Employees 257
  9. Percentage Growth of Income & Wages 258
  10. Average Wages & Supplemental Benefits, 1974-75 258
  11. Average Monthly Wages by Industries 258
  12. Distribution of Science Workers by Branches 259
  13. Percentage of Workers Under 25, 1967, 1973 259
  14. Percentage of Women in the Economy by Branches 260

XIV SPECIAL TOPICS

  1. 1976 in Review 261
  2. Major Events, 1917-75 263
  3. Holidays 277
  4. Natural Features 277
  5. Average Rainfall & Temperatures 279
  6. Distance Between Cities 280
  7. Traffic Accidents by Intoxicated Drivers of Private Vehicles 280
  8. Traffic Accidents from Poor Road Conditions, 1974 280
  9. Traffic Accidents by Type, 1974 281
  10. Fatal Traffic Accidents per 100, 1974 281
  11. Criminal Associations by Size ofCity 281
  12. Summary of Presumed Soviet Nuclear Detonations 281
  13. Manned Space Flights, 1961-76 282
  14. Space Exploration 284
  15. Soviet Space Firsts 287
  16. Prizes 288
  17. US Postal Rates to the USSR 293
  18. Soviet Postal, Telephone & Cablegram Rates to United States 294
  19. Russian Rulers, 1462-Nov 1917 294
  20. Soviet Annexations & Border Demands 295
  21. Detente Summit Conferences 295
  22. Tourism, 1974 295
  23. Jewish Emigration from the USSR to Israel 296
  24. Non-Immigrant Soviet Aliens Admitted to the US, 1955-75 296
  25. Immigration to the United States from Russia & the USSR 1820-1975 297
  26. Immigrants to the United States from the USSR by Age & Sex, 1975 297
  27. Soviet Aliens in the United States, 1976 297
  28. Abbreviations & Soviet Organizations 297
  29. World War II Conferences 304
  30. Lend-lease Cargo Shipped from the Western Hemisphere to the USSR 305
  31. Casualties, 1914-45 305
  32. Hunting Guns in the USSR, 1976 306
  33. Transliteration Systems 306
  34. Weights & Measures 307
  35. Old Russian Weights & Measures 307
  36. Total & Per Capita Consumption of Absolute Alcohol, 1970 307
  37. Obituaries, 1976 308

XV SPORTS

  1. Sports Titles & Ranks, 1974 311
  2. Official World Records: USSR 311
  3. Soviet Olympic Gold Medalists 312
  4. Winter Games 318
  5. Olympic Medal Standings, 1976 320

 

Go to Academic International Press Home Page.


Click here to send us e-mail with your comments.

© 2000 Academic International Press