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Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual (REFFA)

(Formerly USSR Facts Figures Annual (UFFA))

REFFA/UFFA Contents

 

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UFFA Volume 4 Contents

I SURVEY 1

II KEY DATA 10

III GOVERNMENT

  1. USSR Council of Ministers 14
  2. Major State Appointments, 1979 18
  3. Supreme Soviet of the USSR 18
  4. Standing Commissions of the Supreme Soviet 19
  5. Newly Elected Deputies to the Standing Commissions of the Supreme Soviet 20
  6. Supreme Soviet Voter Participation, 4 Mar 1979 21
  7. Council of the Union Voter Participation, 4 Mar 1979 21
  8. Council of the Nationalities Voter Participation, 4 Mar 1979 21
  9. Council of the Nationalities Voter Participation by Autonomous Republics, 4 Mar 1979 22
  10. Council of the Nationalities Voter Participation by Autonomous Oblasts, 4 Mar 1979 22
  11. Composition of the Supreme Soviet 23
  12. Age of the Supreme Oligarchy, 1978 23
  13. Age of Central Government and Party Elite, 1978 23
  14. USSR Committee of People's Control 24
  15. USSR Supreme Court 24
  16. Court Cases 25
  17. Soviet Ambassadors 25
  18. Diplomatic Representatives Accredited to the USSR (Moscow) 27
  19. Soviet Concessions During SALT Negotiations 30
  20. Bilateral Arms Control Agreements Between the USSR and US, Feb 1979 32
  21. Contributions to the United Nations, 1976-77 32
  22. Administrative-Territorial Units by Union Republics, 1 Jan 1978 33
  23. Arms Control Negotiations, 1979 34
  24. US Benefits From Cooperative Agreements with the USSR 34

IV MEMBERS OF THE SUPREME SOVIET USSR, 10TH CONVOCA TION, BY OBLASTS AND KRAIS (elected 4 Mar 1979)

  1. Council of the Union 36
  2. Armenia 36
  3. Azerbaidzhan 36
  4. Belorussia 36
  5. Estonia 37
  6. Georgia 37
  7. Kazakhstan 38
  8. Kirgizia 40
  9. Latvia 40
  10. Lithuania 40
  11. Moldavia 41
  12. RSFSR 41
  13. Tadzhikistan 54
  14. Turkmenistan 54
  15. Ukraine 54
  16. Uzbekistan 59
  17. Council of the Nationalities 61
  18. Armenia 61
  19. Azerbaidzhan 62
  20. Belorussia 63
  21. Estonia 64
  22. Georgia 64
  23. Kirgizia 65
  24. Kazakhstan 66
  25. Latvia 67
  26. Lithuania 68
  27. Moldavia 68
  28. RSFSR 69
  29. Tadzhikistan 70
  30. Turkmenistan 71
  31. Ukraine 72
  32. Uzbekistan 73
  33. Autonomous Republics 73
  34. Autonomous Oblasts 79

V COMMUNIST PARTY

  1. Departments of the Central Committee, 1979 82
  2. CPSU Membership 82
  3. Major Party Appointments and Dismissals, 1979 83
  4. Party Agencies 85
  5. Primary Party Organizations by Members, 1 Jan 85
  6. Average Number of Communists in a Primary Party Organization, 1 Jan 85
  7. Date of Party Enrollment for Members as of 1 Jan 1978 85
  8. Party Members and Candidates by Age, 1 Jan 1978 85
  9. CPSU Politburo 86
  10. Party Membership by Nationality, 1 Jan 1978 88
  11. Tenure of Party Members, 1 Jan 1978 88
  12. Communist Specialists by Occupation, 1 Jan 88
  13. Education of Secretaries of Primary Party Organizations, 1 Jan 89
  14. Employees and Specialists Enrolled in the Party 89
  15. Communist-Employees by Occupation, 1 Jan 89
  16. Party Enrollment, 1976-77 89
  17. Komsomol Members Enrolled as Party Candidate Members 90
  18. World Strength of Communist Parties 90

VI AUTONOMOUS OBLASTS, OBLASTS, KRAIS AND CITIES

  1. Armenia 95
  2. Belorussia 95
  3. Georgia 95
  4. Kazakhstan 95
  5. Kirgizia 95
  6. Latvia 95
  7. Moldavia 95
  8. RSFSR 95
  9. Tadzhikistan 96
  10. Turkmenistan 96
  11. Ukraine 96
  12. Uzbekistan 96

VII DEMOGRAPHY

  1. Population of the Republics, 1970, 1979 97
  2. Population of Major Baltic Republic Cities 99
  3. Urban and Rural Population, 17 Jan 1979 99
  4. Population by Sex 99
  5. Population of Republics, Krais, Oblasts and Okrugs, 17 Jan 1979 100
  6. Projected Total Population and Average Annual Percentage Change by Major Regions and Republics 1 Jan, 1975-2000 104
  7. Census, 17 Jan 1979 110
  8. Cities with Over 250,000 Inhabitants, 17 Jan 1979 110
  9. Cities with 100,000-250,000 Inhabitants, 17 Jan 1979 113
  10. Life Expectancy at Birth by Regions and Republics 115
  11. Mortality by Age Groups, Ukraine 116
  12. Comparison of Population within Industrial Sites, USSR-US 116
  13. Growth of New Cities, 1961-90 117

VIII ARMED FORCES

  1. New Soviet Bases 117
  2. Infantry and Armor Developments 118
  3. Missiles and New Technologies 119
  4. Air Force Developments 120
  5. Deployment of Soviet Troops 121
  6. Soviet Manpower Against China, 1965, 1978 121
  7. NATO and Warsaw Pact Ratios 121
  8. Low-Key Soviet and Warsaw Pact Exercises, 1961-79 122
  9. Soviet and US Strategic Force Levels, 1 Jan 1979 123
  10. Strategic Offensive Arms: USSR and US 124
  11. Summary of Strategic Nuclear Delivery Vehicles: USSR and US 125
  12. Multiple, Independently Targeted Reentry Vehicles (MIRVs) 126
  13. Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missiles, USSR 126
  14. Soviet Qualitative Improvements in Long-Range 127
  15. Land-Based Theater Systems 128
  16. Provisions of SALT II 129
  17. Soviet Qualitative Improvements 130
  18. Estimated Strategic Inventory With and Without SALT, 1985 130
  19. Characteristics of New Soviet Jet Fighters 131
  20. Soviet Aircraft Production Output 131
  21. Soviet Annual Output of Major Land Armaments 133
  22. Comparison of USSR and US General Purpose Naval Forces 133
  23. Surface Ship Programs 134
  24. Production by Shipyards 134
  25. Deployment of the Soviet Navy, 1978 135
  26. Port Calls and Naval Deployments 135
  27. Naval Deployments to the Caribbean, 1977-78 137
  28. Naval Air Deployments to Cuba, 1976-Sep 1979 138
  29. Soviet Troops in Cuba 138
  30. USSR and US Combatant Ships Over 1,000 tons, 1 Jan 1978 139
  31. Increases in the Strength of Soviet Forces in the Eastern Atlantic 140
  32. Soviet Naval Aviation Bases 141
  33. Port-Clearing Operations in Bangladesh 141
  34. Articles and Books by Fleet Admiral of the Soviet Union Sergei G. Gorshkov 141
  35. Military Expenditures: USSR 142
  36. Military Expenditures: Warsaw Treaty Organization 143
  37. Military Expenditures: NATO 143
  38. Arms Transfers: USSR 143
  39. The T-62 144
  40. Estimated Dollar Costs of Soviet General Purpose Force Activities as a Percentage of Comparable US Defense Costs, 1967-77 145
  41. Arms Transfers: Warsaw Pact 146
  42. Comparison of USSR and US Basic Technology 146

IX THE ECONOMY

  1. State Budget, 1979-80 147
  2. State Budgets of the Union Republics 1979-80 147
  3. Industrial Capacities Put in Operation, 1979 148
  4. 1979 Plan Fulfillment by Ministries and Departments 148
  5. 1979 Plan Fulfillment by Republics 149
  6. Summary of 1979-1980 Plans 150
  7. 1980 Plan in Physical Terms 151
  8. Planning Reform 151
  9. Percentage Distribution of the Gross National Product at Factor Cost 152
  10. Aggregate Factor Productivity 152
  11. Capital Investment in Industries 152
  12. Industrial Production in Physical Terms By Quarters, 1979 153
  13. Industrial Production in Physical Terms, 1979 155
  14. Production of Computers and Peripheral Equipment 157
  15. Soviet Computer Imports from the West, 1972-77 157
  16. Distribution of Imported Computers by Major Sector of End Use 157
  17. Computer Generations 158
  18. Production of Mineral Commodities, 1978 158
  19. Diamond Production, 1976-78 160
  20. Gold Production 160
  21. Brimstone Production, 1977, 1980, 1985 161
  22. Production of Manganese, 1913-1978 161
  23. Ferroalloy Production, 1974-77 162
  24. Soviet and CMEA Net Hard Currency Debt 163
  25. Governmental Credit Lines Available to the Soviet Union 163
  26. Production of Cast Iron, Steel, Rolled Ferrous Metals and Steel Pipes, 1913-79 163
  27. Production of Motor Vehicles, 1960-79 164
  28. Production and Productivity in Major Cities, 1978 166
  29. USSR Daily Production, 1928, 1940, 1965, 1978 166
  30. Work Days Required to Achieve 1928 Production Levels by Years 166
  31. Production in Moscow During One Work Day 167
  32. Production of Man-Made Fibers, 1955, 1960, 1965-78 167
  33. Size of Enterprises, 1973 167
  34. Cigarette and Papirosa Production and Estimated Leaf Required, 1958-80 168
  35. Production Associations, 1 Jan 168
  36. Average Yearly Rates of Increase of Scientific Workers by Branches of Science 169
  37. Specialists in Chemistry Working in Their Specialties 169
  38. Average Retail Price Decreases, 1979 169
  39. Average Retail Price Increases, 1 Jul 1979 170
  40. Prices 170
  41. Indices of CMEA Growth, 1978 171
  42. Foreign Currency Exchange Rates 172

X ENERGY

  1. Projection of Soviet Energy Requirements, 1980, 1985 174
  2. Energy Facilities, 1979 174
  3. Fuel-Energy Balance 175
  4. Comparative Costs of Energy Facilities 176
  5. Coal Resources, 31 Dec 1977 176
  6. Natural Gas Production and Estimated Reserves 177
  7. Consumption of Natural Gas 177
  8. USSR: Natural Gas Production 177
  9. USSR: Consumption of Natural Gas 177
  10. USSR: Regional Production of Natural Gas 178
  11. USSR: Crude Oil Production 178
  12. USSR: Regional Production of Crude Oil 178
  13. USSR: Oil Consumption 178
  14. Crude Oil Production and Estimated Proven Reserves 179
  15. EstimatedCrude Oil Refining Capacity 180
  16. Tidal Stations 181

XI LOCATION OF MAJOR INDUSTRIES IN THE USSR

  1. Petroleum Refineries 182
  2. Petroleum Refining and Storage Capacities, mid-1970s 182
  3. Nuclear Power Plants 183
  4. Location of Major Chemical Industries 186
  5. Location of Major Plastics Plants 190
  6. Location of Major Synthetic Rubber Plants 190
  7. Distribution of Steel Production 191
  8. Sheet Steel and Tube Mills 193
  9. Major Metallurgical Works 194
  10. Pelletizing Plants 196
  11. Ferro-Alloy Electric Furnaces 196
  12. Lead Smelters and Refineries 196
  13. Magnesium and Titanium Plants 196
  14. Zinc Refineries and Smelters 197
  15. Copper Smelters and Refineries 197
  16. Alumina/Aluminum Reduction Plants and Refineries 197
  17. Phosphate and Sulphur Industries 198
  18. Location of Major Textile Plants 199
  19. Location of Major Timber Mills 200
  20. Machine-Building Industries 201
  21. Locations of Machine-Tool and Heavy Equipment Plants 203
  22. Locations of Major Electrical Goods Plants 204
  23. Locations of Major Power-Engineering Equipment Plants 204
  24. Locations of Major Construction Materials Plants 204
  25. Aircraft Industries 206
  26. Aircraft Industry Plants 207
  27. Army Materiel Plants 207
  28. Estimated Passenger Car Production by Plant and Model 208
  29. Probable Tank Facilities 209
  30. Locations of Major Railroad Equipment Plants 209
  31. Locations of Major Farm Machinery Plants 210
  32. Location of Major Sugar Refineries 211

XII AGRICULTURE

  1. 1979 Agriculture Summary 213
  2. Timber Production, 1977 214
  3. Total Land Area and Distribution of Agricultural Land by Republics, 1 Nov 1977 215
  4. Total Land Area and Distribution of Agricultural Land by Land Users, 1 Nov 1970 and 1977 216
  5. Total Supply and Estimated Utilization of Grain, 1972-80 217
  6. USSR Production by Commodity, Value and Indices of Total Agricultural and Food Production, Average 1961-65, Annual 1969-78 218
  7. Weather, 1979 220
  8. Key Soviet Grain-Producing Oblasts and Autonomous Regions, 1971-75 220
  9. Food Production in the Far East as a Percentage of Regional Needs 222
  10. Grain Losses from Harvesting after Maturity 222
  11. Production of Chemical Pesticides 223
  12. Agricultural Machinery, Inventories, Deliveries and Scrapping Rates 224
  13. Vegetable Oil Production, 1955-77 225
  14. Average Annual Area Treated with Insecticides and Fungicides and Herbicides, and Total Returns to Treatment, 1971-75 226
  15. Cotton Supply and Utilization and Total Fiber Use 227
  16. Cotton Producing Region of the Soviet Union (Map) 228
  17. Irrigation in Central Asia and Kazakhstan (Map) 229
  18. Area, Production and Yield of Seed Cotton by Republic, 1970-78 230
  19. Major Irrigation Projects of the 10th Five Year Plan (1976-80) 231
  20. Fish Catch by Species, 1977 232
  21. Catch by Fishing Areas, 1977 234
  22. Fish Catch in Inland Waters, 1977 235

XIII FOREIGN TRADE AND AID

  1. Foreign Trade, 1975-78 236
  2. Foreign Trade by Countries, 1977-78 236
  3. US-USSR Trade, 1978-79 239
  4. Top Ten Imports and Exports in US-USSR Trade, 1978 239
  5. Reorganization of Foreign Trade Organizations (FTOs) 240
  6. FTO Stankoimport 240
  7. FTO Prodintorg 241
  8. Principal Agricultural Imports, 1961-77 242
  9. Tobacco Imports, 1959-77 243
  10. Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, 33rd Session, 26-28 Jun 1979 244
  11. Projection of Soviet Oil Trade, 1980, 1985 244
  12. Distribution of Cooperation Agreements by Industry, 1975 244
  13. USSR: Imports of Oil 245
  14. Share of CMEA Trade by Members 245
  15. Soviet Exports of Petroleum and Products, 1970-78 246
  16. Soviet Imports of Petroleum and Products, 1970-78 248
  17. Soviet Exports of Natural Gas, 1970-78 249
  18. Soviet Imports of Natural Gas, 1970-78 249
  19. Fur Exports, 1970-78 250
  20. Dependence of CMEA Members on Selected Soviet Imports, 1976 251
  21. Soviet Dependence on Individual Countries for Selected Commodities, 1977 252
  22. Major Soviet Economic Aid Projects with Less Developed Countries 254
  23. Soviet Economic Aid Extended to Less Developed Countries 258
  24. Communist Economic Aid to Less Developed Countries 259
  25. Communist Military Agreements Concluded and Deliveries to Less Developed Countries 260
  26. Communist Economic Technicians in LDCs, 1978 260
  27. Communist Military Technicians in LDCs, 1978 263
  28. Military Personnel from LDCs Trained in Communist Countries, 1955-78 263
  29. Academic Students from LDCs Being Trained in Communist Countries 264
  30. Top Ten Recipients of Soviet Arms Transfers, 1973-77 266
  31. Trainees Departing fromLDCs for Training in Communist Countries 267
  32. Arms Delivered by Major Suppliers to Asia and the Pacific, 1972-78 268
  33. Arms Delivered by Major Suppliers to Middle East and North Africa, 1972-78 272
  34. Arms Delivered by Major Suppliers to Sub-Saharan Africa, 1972-78 276
  35. Arms Delivered by Major Suppliers to Latin America, 1972-78 280
  36. Nations Included in Regions Identified in Arms Delivery Tables, 1972-78 284
  37. Description of Items Counted in Arms Equipment Categories, 1972-78 284

XIV HEALTH, EDUCATION AND WELFARE

  1. Living Standards: USSR and US 285
  2. Budget of an Industrial Worker Family 286
  3. Average Monthly Wages, 1978 286
  4. Per Capita Consumption of Food Products, 1950, 1960, 1970-77 287
  5. Pensioners by Republics, 1 Jan 1978 288
  6. Wages in Moscow and Leningrad, April and May 1976 288
  7. Physicians and Hospital Beds, 1978-79 290
  8. Standard Curriculum of Vocational Schools for Training Assemblymen 290
  9. Secondary School Graduates, 1978 290

XV COMMUNICATIONS

  1. Film Production 291
  2. Directors and Directors-General of Rosta, TASS and Novosti 291
  3. Weekly Hours of Soviet International Broadcasting 293
  4. Radio and Television Programming, 1977 295
  5. Publication of Books and Brochures, Periodicals and Newspapers 296
  6. Books & Brochures in Languages of the USSR & Abroad, 1977 296
  7. Translations from Languages of the USSR, 1977 299
  8. Translations from Foreign Languages 299
  9. Russian-Language Books of Total Books Translated in East Europe, 1974-76 299
  10. Books and Brochures Published by Themes, 1977 300
  11. Bookshops 301
  12. Maps Published in the USSR, 1975-77 301
  13. Publications by Republics 302

XVI TRANSPORTATION

  1. Length of Highways, 1975-78 303
  2. Traffic Accidents in Moldavia, 1978 304
  3. Pedestrian Accidents in Lithuania, 1978 304
  4. Summary of Ocean-Going Merchant-Type Fleet, 31 Dec 1977 304
  5. Merchant Fleet, 1978 304
  6. Merchant Marine, 1979 305
  7. Soviet Ships on Order 306
  8. Railroads 307
  9. Baikal-Amur Magistral (Railroad), 1979 307
  10. Length of Railroads by Republics 307
  11. New Railway and Airline Travel Schedule 308
  12. New Airliners and Routes 308
  13. Soviet Aircraft Accidents, 1975-79 309
  14. Movements of Crude Oil and Refined Products by Pipelines, River and Sea Tankers, and Railroads 311
  15. Pipelines 312
  16. Passenger Transportation Systems by City Size 313
  17. Distribution of Intra-Urban Passenger Trips, 1970 314
  18. Trips by Mode of Transportation by City Size, 1970 315
  19. Average Commuter Time by City Size 315
  20. Characteristics of Passenger Cars, 1977 315

XVII INSTITUTIONS

  1. Academies of Science 316
  2. USSR Academy of Science, Academicians and Corresponding Members Elected 15 Mar 1979 317
  3. Major Fields of Soviet Scientific and Technical Cooperation, Oct 1970-Jun 1978 318
  4. Membership of the USSR Union of Writers, 1 Jan 318
  5. Soviet Authors by Qualification and Occupation, 1975 320
  6. Soviet Books in the Library of Congress 320
  7. Museums by Republics, 1976-77 320
  8. Union of Composers of the USSR 321
  9. Officer Educational Institutions, 1970 321
  10. Officer Educational Institutions, 1976 321
  11. Societies for the Preservation of Monuments of History and Culture 323
  12. Societies for the Preservation of Nature, 1976 323
  13. Religion 324

XVIII SPECIAL TOPICS

  1. 1979 in Review 325
  2. Children of Politburo Members 337
  3. Reference Aids on Soviet Art 337
  4. Inquiries on Registered Mail from the US to the USSR, 1975-78 338
  5. Soviet Scientific Station in the Antarctic 338
  6. Zoological Gardens in the USSR 338
  7. National Parks in the USSR 339
  8. Satellite Launches, 1979 339
  9. Soviet and US Space Payloads by Mission, 1957-78 342
  10. Successful Launches to Earth Orbit and Beyond by First Stage, 1957-78 343
  11. Soviet and US Successful Civil and Military Space Launchings 343
  12. Major Earthquakes, 1979 344
  13. Annual Arts Festivals of Music Dance and Theater 345
  14. Tourism, 1977 345
  15. Travelers by Republic,1977 346
  16. Protest Demonstrations in the Soviet Union, 1965-78 346
  17. Football (Soccer) Record of the USSR National Team in International Competition 354
  18. Spartakiads 355
  19. Football (Soccer) Attendance, First Division, 1978 356
  20. Moscow Directory for Tourists 357
  21. Lenin Prize "For Strengthening Peace Among Peoples," 1977-78 358
  22. Karl Marx Gold Medal, 1979 359
  23. Obituaries, 1979 359
  24. Key Works on Russia and the Soviet Union 363
  25. UFFA Contents, Volumes 1-3 371

 

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