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Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual (REFFA)

(Formerly USSR Facts Figures Annual (UFFA))

REFFA/UFFA Contents

 

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UFFA Volume 5 Contents

I SURVEY 1

II KEY DATA

  1. USSR: Administrative Division Map 12
  2. USSR Relief Map 13

III GOVERNMENT

  1. USSR Council of Ministers 14
  2. Major Governmental Changes, 1980 19
  3. Elections of Supreme Soviets of Union Republics, 24 Feb 1980 21
  4. Elections of Local Soviets, 24 Feb 1980 22
  5. Deputies of Local Soviets, Elected 24 Feb 1980 23
  6. Administrative - Territorial Units by Union Republics 24
  7. Elections of Supreme Soviets of Autonomous Republics, 24 Feb 1980 25
  8. Contributions to the United Nations, 1977-78 25
  9. Soviet Friendship Treaties 25
  10. Treaties of Friendship, Cooperationand Mutual Assistance with Warsaw Pact Countries and the USSR 26
  11. Diplomatic Representatives Accredited To The USSR (Moscow) 26
  12. Soviet Ambassadors 29
  13. Major Decrees of the USSR Supreme Soviet, 1980 31
  14. Meetings Between Josip Broz Tito and Soviet Leaders 32

IV COMMUNIST PARTY

  1. Major Party Changes, 1980 33
  2. Party Members by Class, 1980 34
  3. Party Enrollment, 1976-79 34
  4. Primary Party Organizations, 1 Jan 35
  5. Number of Party Cells and Groups in Primary Party Organizations, 1 Jan 35
  6. Local Party Committees, 1 Jan 36
  7. CPSU Membership: USSR and Republics, 1 Jan 1976-80 37
  8. CPSU Politburo 38
  9. Communists Per 1,000 Population, Jan 40
  10. Moscow City Party Membership, 1 Jan 40
  11. Politburo Members with Technical Backgrounds, 1978 40
  12. Republic Party Congresses, 1981 41
  13. Republic Congresses of the Komsomol (Communist Youth League) 41
  14. Komsomol (Young Communist League) Membership: USSR and Republics, 1 Jan 1976-80 44
  15. Estimated Annual Expenditure for Propaganda and Covert Action 44
  16. World Strength of Communist Parties 45
  17. World Communist Parties 45
  18. Karelian Oblast Party Conferences and Karelo-Finnish SSR Party Congresses 46
  19. Young Pioneers and Pioneer Summer Camps by Republics 47
  20. Communist International Front Organizations 48

V DEMOGRAPHY

  1. Ethnic Composition of the Population by Republics, 1979 49
  2. Russian and Major Nationality as a Percentage of Republic Populations, 1959, 1970, 1979 51
  3. Population by Nationality and Language 51
  4. Muslims in the USSR by Language Group, 1939-79 54
  5. Family Size, 1979 55
  6. Reported and Estimated Age-Specific Death Rate, 1958-76 56
  7. Jews in the USSR, 1959-79 57

VI ARMED FORCES

  1. Ministry of Defense 57
  2. Deployment of Soviet Divisions by Regions and Military Districts 60
  3. Strength of Military Units 60
  4. US Intelligence Forecasts on the USSR 61
  5. Comparison of NATO and Warsaw Pact Forces 62
  6. Strategic Intercontinental Forces 63
  7. Elements of General-Purpose Forces 63
  8. ICBM Deliveries, 1970-79 64
  9. Composition of US and Soviet Forces, 1980 64
  10. Deployed Land Force Systems (1 January 1980) 65
  11. Production Summary of Selected Tactical Weapons for NATO and WP Countries 65
  12. Balance of Forces in Central Europe 66
  13. Balance of Forces in the Eastern Atlantic 66
  14. Comparative Distribution of Military Expenditures, 1978 66
  15. Estimate of USSR Defense Expenditures in 1970 Prices 66
  16. Gains and Losses for the Soviet Union, 1945-79 67
  17. Strategic Systems 67
  18. Characteristics of Soviet Strategic Systems 68
  19. US and Soviet Strategic Force Levels 70
  20. Soviet Military Procurements by Weapons, 1958-80 71
  21. Ground and Armored Forces 72
  22. Estimated Soviet Casualties in Afghanistan, 1980 75
  23. Characteristics of the 122-mm Self-Propelled Howitzer M1974 76
  24. Sketch Map of the Military Situation in Afghanistan 78
  25. Map of Afghanistan 79
  26. Soviet Forces Deployed in the Northern Territories of Japan 80
  27. Characteristics of New Soviet Small Arms 80
  28. Major Soviet and Warsaw Pact Exercises, 1980 81
  29. Soviet Naval Activities and Military Aircraft Movements Around Japan 82
  30. Major Soviet Vessels Spotted While Cruising the High Seas Around Japan (1980) 83
  31. Deployment of Soviet Troops in Afghanistan 84
  32. Naval Developments 84
  33. Distribution of the Soviet Navy, 1979 88
  34. Soviet Warship Port Visits, 1980 88
  35. General Purpose Naval Forces of NATO and the Warsaw Pact 89
  36. Admirals of the Fleet of the Soviet Union 90
  37. Soviet Ship-Days in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific, 1978-79 91
  38. General Purpose Submarines 91
  39. Ratio of 1974-79 Average Annual Production of Weapons by NATO and the Warsaw Pact 91
  40. Characteristics of Basic Soviet Hovercraft 92
  41. Soviet and Russian Submarine Disasters 93
  42. Tactical Fighter Production, 1970-79 94
  43. Air Forces 94
  44. Warsaw Pact Frontal Aviation Operationally Ready Rates 96
  45. Warsaw Aircraft Modernization, 1968-79 96
  46. Helicopter Inventory 96
  47. Frontal Aviation Fixed-Wing Combat Aircraft 97
  48. Long Range Land-Based Theater Nuclear Forces, end 1979 98
  49. Educational Level of Soviet Conscripts 98
  50. Effects of Nuclear War 99
  51. Relative US-USSR Technology Levels in Deployed Military Systems 101
  52. Relative US-USSR Standing in the 20 Most Important Basic Technology Areas 102
  53. Soviet Military Research and Development 103
  54. Locations of Laser or Particle-Beam Weapons Centers 103
  55. Chemical Weapons 104
  56. Biological Weapons 105
  57. Counterpart Commercial-Military Vehicles 106

VII THE ECONOMY

  1. State Budget, 1980-81 107
  2. Percentage Increases of 1981 Plan Over 1980 108
  3. 1981 Plan in Physical Terms and Percentages 108
  4. Industrial Targets During the 11th Five Year Plan, (1981-85) 110
  5. Major Projects During the 11th Five Year Plan (1981-85) by Republic 111
  6. Industrial Capacities Put in Operation, 1980 112
  7. 1980 Plan Fulfillment by Ministries and Departments 113
  8. 1980 Plan Fulfillment by Republics 114
  9. Increased Industrial Production During the 11th Five Year Plan (1981-85) by Republics 115
  10. Summary of 1980 Plan 116
  11. Growth of Gross National Product by Sector of Origin 116
  12. Growth of Gross National Product, FactorInputs, and Factor Productivity 117
  13. Growth of Gross National Product by Sector of Origin During Selected Periods 117
  14. Industrial Production, by Branch of Industry (Average Annual Rate of Growth percentage) 117
  15. Industrial Production in Physical Terms by Quarters, 1980 118
  16. Industrial Production in Physical Terms, 1980 119
  17. State Budgets of the Union Republics, 1980-81 121
  18. Estimate of USSR GNP by End Use In Established Prices 121
  19. Industrial Production by Branch of Industry 122
  20. Comparisons of US and USSR Major Indicators, 1960, 1965, 1970, 1975, 1978 122
  21. Soviet and Western Production of Major Commodities, 1979 123
  22. Gross Value of Output by Branches, 1975, 1979 123
  23. Comparisons of Western and Soviet Technology 124
  24. East European Computer Technology 133
  25. Relationship Between Academic Degrees and Scientific Titles 136
  26. Scientists and Engineers Engaged in R & D Per 10,000 Labor Force Population, 1965-78 137
  27. Production of Machine Tools 138
  28. Construction Industry 139
  29. Camera, Production and Trade 140
  30. Soviet Hard Currency Debt 140
  31. Composition of Soviet Hard Currency Debt, 1972-79 141
  32. Soviet Hard Currency Balance of Payments 141
  33. Growth of CMEA Net Hard Currency Debt, 1971-79 142
  34. Soviet Debt Maturity Structure 142
  35. Indices of CMEA Growth, 1979 142
  36. Asbestos Production and Export 144
  37. Lead Output by Region, 1978 145
  38. Zinc Output by Region, 1978 145
  39. Mineral News 145
  40. Tire Production 146
  41. Personal Savings in Soviet Banks 147
  42. Annual Increases in Personal Savings in Soviet Banks 148
  43. Deposits in Savings Banks, 1979 148
  44. Foreign Currency Exchange Rates, Dec 1980 148

VIII ENERGY

  1. Petroleum Developments, 1979-80 149
  2. Oil Production and Consumption 150
  3. Natural Gas Developments, 1979-80 150
  4. Natural Gas Production and Consumption 152
  5. Reserves of Natural Gas 152
  6. Reserves of Natural Gas in the Ukraine 152
  7. Natural Gas Drilling 153
  8. Petroleum and Gas Prospecting in Tiumen Oblast 153
  9. New Pipelines 154
  10. Pipelines Planned or Under Construction from Western Siberia 155
  11. Capacity of Electric Power Stations Of One Million or More Kilowats, 1 Jan 1978-80 155
  12. Distribution of Electric Power Production, 1977-80 157
  13. Hydropower and Coal-Fired Thermal Power Stations Operating or Under Construction 158
  14. Potential Hydro-Resources in Central Asia 159
  15. Solar and Geothermal Electric Stations 159
  16. Electrical Transmission Network 159
  17. High-Tension Lines 160
  18. Distribution of Energy Resources by Economic Regions 161
  19. Changes in Coal Production, 1960-80 161
  20. Production and Distribution of Ekibastuz Coal 162
  21. Coal Production in the Ukraine by Basins 163
  22. Methane and Coal Outbursts 163
  23. Deliveries of Fuel and Electricity from the USSR to CMEA Countries, 1956-85 164

IX INDUSTRIES

  1. Location of Nuclear Power Stations 164
  2. Associated-Gas Refineries 165
  3. Steel Industries 166
  4. Growth of the Microbiology Industry 167
  5. Electrical Industries 167
  6. Pipe Factories 168
  7. Cement Production 168
  8. Fertilizer Industries 169
  9. Aircraft Industries 170
  10. Forest Industry Plants 170
  11. Principal Lead and Zinc Mines and Concentrating Plants 171
  12. Plastics Industries 174
  13. Petrochemical Industries 174
  14. Tire Plants 175
  15. Chemical Industry 175
  16. Industrial News 175

X AGRICULTURE

  1. 1980 Agriculture Summary 177
  2. Planned and Actual Agricultural Output, 1980 178
  3. Annual Average Agricultural Production During the 11th Five Year Plan (1981-85) by Republics 179
  4. Agricultural News 180
  5. The US Grain Embargo and the Soviet Livestock Sector in 1980 (Kenneth R. Gray) 180
  6. USSR Monthly Hog Numbers, Socialized Sector, First Month 1975-80 192
  7. USSR Monthly Hog Marketing for Slaughter, State and Collective Farms 1977-80 192
  8. USSR Monthly Poultry Numbers, Socialized Sector, First of Month 1975-80 193
  9. USSR Monthly Meat Output, Socialized Sector, Liveweight 1978-80 193
  10. USSR Monthly Cattle Marketing for Slaughter, State and Collective Farms, 1977-80 194
  11. USSR Monthly Cattle Numbers, Socialized Sector, First of Month 1975-80 194
  12. USSR Hogs for Slaughter, Average Liveweight, State and Collective Farms, 1977-80 195
  13. USSR Cattle for Slaughter, Average Liveweight, State and Collective Farms, 1977-80 195
  14. Fodder Production 196
  15. US and Soviet Grain Production and Trade, 1970-80 196
  16. Grain Supply and Demand, Jul-Jun 1974-81 197
  17. New Elevators 198
  18. Costs and Feed Qualities of Food Resources 198
  19. Spring Sowing 198
  20. Basic Data on Grain Production 199
  21. Yields for Selected Grains, 1955-79 200
  22. Australian Grain Exports to the USSR 201
  23. Agricultural Production in the Soviet Far East (Dolnii Vostok) 201
  24. Reindeer, USSR and Koriak National Region 201
  25. Material Production Outlays Per Ruble of Gross Agricultural Output 202
  26. Timber Production, 1978 202
  27. Output of Mineral Fertilizer 203
  28. Application of Mineral Fertilizer Per Hectare of Sown Area 204
  29. Fish Catch by Species, 1978 205
  30. Fish Catch in Inland Waters, 1978 207
  31. Catch by Fishing Areas, 1978 207
  32. Weather, 1980 208

XI FOREIGN TRADE AND AID

  1. Foreign Trade, 1975-80 209
  2. Trade by Select Countries, First Half 1980 209
  3. Soviet Trade with Selected Countries 210
  4. Foreign Trade by Countries 210
  5. Share of CMEA Trade by Members, 1977 212
  6. CMEA Trade as a Percentage of TotalTrade by CMEA Members, 1977 212
  7. Share of Socialist Trade with the USSR 213
  8. Hard Currency Debt and Foreign Trade of CMEA Countries 213
  9. Hard Currency Balance of Payments 214
  10. Export of Petroleum and Petroleum Products, 1978-79 215
  11. Oil News 215
  12. Prices of Soviet Petroleum Exported To CMEA Countries 217
  13. Major Suppliers of Steel Pipe to the USSR 218
  14. Soviet Trade by Commodities, 1979 218
  15. Average Crude Oil OPEC Official Sales Prices 219
  16. Natural Gas Trade 219
  17. Soviet Share of World Trade by Commodity Classes, 1970-77 219
  18. USSR Imports of Wheat and Coarse Grains by Source 1972/73-1979/80 220
  19. Soviet Trade by Commodity Classes, 1970-77 221
  20. Polish Trade with the USSR 221
  21. Czech-Soviet Trade 222
  22. US-USSR Trade by Commodities, 1978-80 223
  23. Top Ten US Imports and Exports to the USSR, 1979 224
  24. Soviet Trade as a Percentage of World Total Trade, 1968-77 225
  25. Trade Between the Federal Republic of Germany and Eastern Europe, 1969-79 226
  26. Soviet Cars Imported by the United Kingdom, 1975-79 226
  27. European Economic Community Trade With USSR, 1975-79 226
  28. Foreign Banks with Offices in Moscow 227
  29. Soviet Banks Abroad 229
  30. International Investment Bank 230
  31. Credits Granted by the International Investment Bank, 1971-79 231
  32. Major Agreements on Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation Among Members of the Council For Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA) 231
  33. Draft of a Counterpurchase Agreement with the USSR 233
  34. Soviet Countertrade Transactions with the West 234
  35. Trade Balances of Eastern Europe with the USSR 242
  36. Soviet Fishery Trade Statistics 242
  37. Coordinating Committee of the Consultative Group of Nations (COCOM) Exceptions Requests 243
  38. Soviet Projects in Africa 243
  39. Soviet Economic Aid Extended to the Communist Countries 244
  40. USSR: Sectoral Distribution of Aid To Non-Communist LDCs, 1954-79 245
  41. Employment of Soviet Economic Technicians in Non-Communist LDCs, 1979 245
  42. Communist Economic Technicians in the Less Developed Countries 1979 246
  43. Communist Economic Aid Extended to Non-Communist Less Developed Countries 247
  44. Major Soviet Economic Projects in Selected Less Developed Countries 251
  45. Communist Military Agreements Concluded and Deliveries to the Less Developed Countries 254
  46. Military Aid to the Third World by Countries, 1980 255
  47. Military Trainees Departing From Less Developed Countries For Training in Communist Countries, 1955-79 257
  48. Weapons Delivered to the Third World by the USSR, 1973-79 258
  49. Communist Military Technicians in LDCs, 1979 259
  50. Academic Students From Non-Communist Less Developed Countries Being Trained in Communist Countries, 31 Dec 1979 259

XII HEALTH, EDUCATION AND WELFARE

  1. 1980 Summary 262
  2. Social Welfare Targets During the 11th Five Year Plan (1981-85) 262
  3. Housing Units Completed by Type of Investor, 1957-80 263
  4. Structure of Public Education in the USSR 264
  5. Population with Secondary and Higher Education, 1970, 1979 264
  6. School Enrollment, 1914/15-1979-80 265
  7. Education of Urban and Rural Populations 267
  8. Teachers and School Directors, Number of Women Teachers, 1977-78 268
  9. Volume of Services, 1975-79 269
  10. Medical News 269
  11. Women's Consultation Services, Children's Polyclinics, and Dispensaries by Republics, 1940-78 270
  12. Persons Treated in Children's Sanatoria by Republics, 1965-77 270
  13. Abortions, 1960s 271

XIII CULTURE AND COMMUNICATIONS

  1. Cultural Information, 1980 271
  2. Theaters, 1977 272
  3. Mail Traffic, Radio and TV Sets 273
  4. Television Coverage of the Olympics 273
  5. Telephones 274
  6. Soviet Clandestine Radios 274
  7. Book and Brochures in Languages of the USSR and Abroad, 1978 275
  8. Translations, 1978 278
  9. Books for Children, 1978 278
  10. Posters 279
  11. Books for Children, 1940-77 279
  12. Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov 279
  13. Specialized Bookstores in Moscow 280

XIV TRANSPORTATION

  1. 1980 Transportation Summary 281
  2. Transportation Targets During the 11th Five Year Plan (1981-85) 282
  3. Roads 282
  4. Car License Code 283
  5. Air Transportation 284
  6. Soviet Aircraft Accidents, 1980 285
  7. Metros 285
  8. Transportation in Moscow 286
  9. Moscow River Ports 286
  10. Summary of Soviet Merchant Fleet, 31 Dec 1978 288
  11. Maritime Transportation 289
  12. Sea Routes Between Leningrad and Vladivostok 290
  13. Soviet Coastlines 290
  14. Railroads 290
  15. Railroad Freight Traffic, 1975-79 293
  16. Production of Railroad Locomotives and Cars 293
  17. Soviet-Iranian Transit Facilities and Trade (Map) 294

XV INSTITUTIONS

  1. Academies of Science, 1 Jan 1979 296
  2. Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences, elected 5 Mar 1980 297
  3. Presidents, Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR 298
  4. Membership, Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR, 1919-79 298
  5. Soviet Policy Towards Religion (Michael Rowe) 319
  6. Religious Statistics, 1979 324
  7. Glavlit: Changes in Title and Subordination 327
  8. Muslim Religious Board for the European USSR and Siberia 328
  9. Literary Censorship in the USSR (Michael Jakobson) 328
  10. Military Academies and Schools 336
  11. Alphabetical Listing of Cities Containing Military Schools 338
  12. Chairmen of DOSAAF USSR 346
  13. Trade Union Chairman, Membership, and Primary Party Organizations by Republics, 1 Jan 1979 346
  14. State Universities by Republics 347
  15. Report on the First International Conference of Slavic Librarians (Marianna Tax Choldin) 349
  16. Visitors to Moscow's Largest Museums and Exhibits, 1978 351
  17. Theaters 352
  18. Institute of Modern Russian Culture 352

XVI SPECIAL TOPICS

  1. 1980 in Review 354
  2. Satellite Launches, 1980 364
  3. Planned Soviet Space Station 368
  4. Saliut-6 Space Station 369
  5. Saliut-6 Station Interior 371
  6. Saliut-6 Station Exterior 372
  7. Summary of US and USSR Space Payloads by Mission, 1957-79 373
  8. Comparison of US and Soviet Military Space Activity 373
  9. Comparison of US and Soviet Successful Space Launchings 374
  10. Sports and Politics in the USSR (John D. Windhausen) 374
  11. Final Medal Standings, XIII Winter Olympics, Lake Placid, New York, 12-24 Feb 1980 382
  12. Soviet Medals at the XIII Winter Olympics 382
  13. Summer Olympic Medals 383
  14. Medal Winners, Moscow Summer Olympics, 19 Jul-3 Aug 1980 384
  15. Soviet World Sports Records 392
  16. Soviet Sports Specialists in Cuba, 1961-75 392
  17. Kara-Bogaz Dam 392
  18. Length of Day and Daylight in Latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere 393
  19. Travelers by Republic, 1978 396
  20. New Hotels 396
  21. Children's World (Detskii Mir) Toy Stores 396
  22. Index of Cooperative Research, 1973-77 397
  23. Soviet Espionage 397
  24. Estimated Pollution, 1970-2000 399
  25. Nuclear Tests, 1970-79 400
  26. Soviet Nuclear Tests, 1980 400
  27. International Industrial Exhibitions Held in the USSR in 1980 400
  28. Drownings in the USSR 400
  29. International Terrorist Incidents, 1968-79 401
  30. US Patents Granted to Inventors From the USSR, 1966-77 401
  31. Number of US Patents Granted to the USSR by Product Field, 1967-77 402
  32. Lenin Peace Prizes, 1979 403
  33. M. N. Lomonosov Gold Medal, 1979 403
  34. Lenin Prizes, 1980 403
  35. Antarctica Base, 1980 404
  36. Noise Level Standards in the USSR 404
  37. Siberia: Information Sources (Patricia Polansky) 404
  38. Obituaries, 1980 405
  39. Key Works on the Soviet Union 409

 

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