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Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual (REFFA)

(Formerly USSR Facts Figures Annual (UFFA))

REFFA/UFFA Contents

 

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UFFA Volume 6 Contents

I SURVEY 1

II GOVERNMENT

  1. USSR Council of Ministers 6
  2. Major Government Appointments, 1981 10
  3. Administrative - Territorial Units by Union Republics, 1 Jan 1980 12
  4. Soviet Ambassadors 13
  5. Diplomatic Representatives Accredited to the USSR 15
  6. USSR Law on the Legal Status of Foreign Citizens in the USSR, 24 Jun 1981 18
  7. Change in the USSR Constitution, 24 Jun 1981 22
  8. Status of Arms Control Negotiations, 1981 23
  9. Worker Representation 23
  10. Percentage of Women in the USSR Supreme Soviet 23
  11. Meetings Between Soviet Leaders and Yasser Arafat 23

III COMMUNIST PARTY

  1. Party Organs, 1 Jan 24
  2. Members of Party Organs 24
  3. Women in Party Bureaus and Committees of Primary Party Organizations, Raikoms, Gorkoms, Okruzhkoms, Obkoms, Kraikoms and Republic Central Committees 24
  4. Members and Candidates of Party Organs by Occupation and Education 25
  5. Secretaries by Education, 1 Jan 26
  6. Political and Economic Education 26
  7. Party Membership by Republics, Years of Party Congresses, 1 Jan 26
  8. Party Recruitment 27
  9. Recruitment of Candidates 27
  10. Members and Candidates by Nationality, 1 Jan 1981 28
  11. Candidates and Members by Age, 1 Jan 1981 29
  12. Members by Tenure, 1 Jan 29
  13. Placement of Party Members by Branches of the Economy, 1 Jan 29
  14. Komsomol Members Enrolled 29
  15. Party Members by Education, 1 Jan 30
  16. Communist Employees by Occupation, 1 Jan 31
  17. Women Communists, 1 Jan 31
  18. Primary Party Organizations, 1 Jan 31
  19. Primary Party Organizations By Number of Communists, 1 Jan 32
  20. Structure of Primary Party Organizations 32
  21. 26th Party Congress Central Committee History 33
  22. Representation in the Central Committee of the 26th Party Congress of First Secretaries of Middle-Level Party Committees 54
  23. Size of Republic Delegations to CPSU Congresses 54
  24. Distribution of Delegates to the 26th Party Congress, Feb-Mar 1981 55
  25. Military Delegates in the Central Committee 56
  26. First Secretaries of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Oblasts, 1955-81 (John L. Scherer) 57
  27. First Secretaries of Ukrainian Oblasts, 1955-81 (John L. Scherer and John A. Armstrong) 65
  28. World Communist Parties 71

IV DEMOGRAPHY

  1. Urbanization 72
  2. Nationalities Living Outside Their Native Republics 73
  3. Marriage Age by Generations of Women 74
  4. Population by Source of Income, 1979 75

V ARMED FORCES

  1. Strategic and Theater Nuclear Forces 76
  2. Deployed Strategic Systems (1 January 1981) 77
  3. Dates of ICBM Introduction and Number of Launchers 78
  4. Dates of SLBM Introduction and Number of Launchers 79
  5. Strategic Intercontinental Forces Average Age 80
  6. US and Soviet Strategic Force Levels 81
  7. Soviet MIRVd ICBMs 81
  8. Estimates of Current Nuclear Arsenals 82
  9. Impact of Changes in the Number of Soviet Warheads on the Long-Run Costs of a US Multiple Protective Structure (MPS) Basing System with MX Missiles 82
  10. Key Intermediate Range Land-Based Missiles 83
  11. Alert Rates of Nuclear Forces 84
  12. Intermediate-Range Weapons in Europe 84
  13. Balance of Forces in Central Europe 85
  14. Commanders, Groups of Soviet Forces in the Warsaw Pact 86
  15. US/NATO and Soviet Land-Based Long-Range Theater Nuclear Forces 87
  16. Balance of Maritime Forces and Responsibilities in the North Atlantic and Channel 88
  17. Soviet Defense Capability Outside Central Europe (Map) 90
  18. Deployed Land Force Systems (1 January 1981) 92
  19. Production Summary of Selected Tactical Weapons For NATO and WP Countries 93
  20. Comparison of NATO and Warsaw Pact Organization Forces 94
  21. Announced Soviet Defense Budget, 1918-80 96
  22. Warsaw Pact Armies in the Central Region, 1980-81 97
  23. Developments in the Ground and Armored Forces 98
  24. Soviet Reservists 100
  25. Division Readiness, 1981 101
  26. KAMAZ Vehicles 102
  27. Summary of the Missions and Capabilities of Soviet Armed Forces Unites 102
  28. Soviet and Warsaw Pact Exercises, 1981 115
  29. Air Forces 116
  30. US and USSR Airlift Capability 119
  31. Soviet Military Aircraft 120
  32. Dates of SAM Introduction and Estimated Number of Launchers 121
  33. Soviet Reconnaissance Flights over the East China Sea, 1979-80 122
  34. Naval Developments 122
  35. Fleets and Naval Aviation, 1981 125
  36. General Purpose Naval Order of Battle Trends 126
  37. Soviet Navy Order of Battle 126
  38. Nuclear Submarine Construction Rates 127
  39. Estimated Characteristics of New Soviet Carrier 127
  40. Comparison of Soviet and US Fleets, 1980 128
  41. Soviet Naval Aircraft 128
  42. 1980 General Purpose Naval Forces of NATO and the Warsaw Pact 129
  43. US-USSR Relative Naval Advantages 129
  44. Soviet Warship Port Visits, 1981 130
  45. Military Production Industry 130
  46. Defense Industry Output of Consumer Durables 131
  47. Weapon Types Produced in 1980 131
  48. Production of Soviet Tactical Fighters, 1970-80 131
  49. Soviet Military Production, 1976-80 131
  50. Weapons Production, 1979 132
  51. Production of Armaments, 1980 133
  52. Comparison of Chemical Warfare Capabilities, 1980 133
  53. Military Expenditures: A Comparison of US Military Expenditures with Estimated Dollar Costs of Soviet Expenditures, Excluding Retirement Pay 134
  54. Ratios of 1976-80 Average Annual Production of Selected Weapons by Warsaw Pact and NATO Countries 136
  55. US-USSR Weapon Quality and Production Comparisons 137
  56. Relative US/USSR Standing in the 20 Most Important Basic Technology Areas 138
  57. Relative US/USSR Technology Level in Deployed Military Systems 139

VI ECONOMY

  1. State Budget, 1981-82 140
  2. Production in 1981 as a Percentage of 1980 by Industry 140
  3. USSR: Aggregate Factor Productivity 141
  4. USSR: Industrial Factor Productivity 141
  5. USSR: Estimated Drawings and Scheduled Repayments on Western Credits 142
  6. USSR: Growth of Gross National Product, by Sector of Origin 142
  7. USSR: Percent Distribution of Gross National Product at Factor Cost, by End Use 143
  8. Changes in Industrial Gross Output, Employment and Labor Productivity, USSR and Eastern Europe, 1976-81 143
  9. Summary of Recent Economic Reforms 144
  10. Industrial and Agricultural Experiments 145
  11. 11th Five Year Plan Targets (1981-85) 146
  12. Industrial Production in Physical Terms by Quarters, 1981 147
  13. Capital Investment by Branches of the Economy, by Five Year Plans 150
  14. Percentage Increases of 1981 Production Over 1980 151
  15. Branch Structure of Industrial Fixed Capital Stock 152
  16. Summary of 1982 State Plan 152
  17. Major Indicators of the State Plan, 1981-85 152
  18. 11th Five Year Plan Targets by Republics 153
  19. Indicators of the State Plan for 1985 by Republics 154
  20. Basic Indices of the Ninth and Tenth Five Year Plans 154
  21. Basic Indices of Economic and Social Development, 1970, 1980 154
  22. Targets for Consumer Goods, 1985 155
  23. Growth Needed to Meet Plan Targets, 1982-85 155
  24. State Budgets of the Union Republics, 1982 156
  25. Annual State Subsidies 156
  26. Soviet Millionaires 156
  27. Volume of Unfinished Construction in State and Cooperative Enterprises and Organizations 156
  28. Production Capacities Put Into Operation, by Five Year Plans 157
  29. Industrial Fixed Capital by Types and Branches of Industry, 1 Jan 1980 161
  30. Volume of Unfinished Construction in State and Cooperative Enterprises and Organizations by Industries 162
  31. Structure of Expenditures on Construction-Installation Works 162
  32. Percentage of Total Industrial Output Devoted to the Production of theMeans of Production (Group A) and to Consumer Goods (Group B) 164
  33. Estimated Inflation Rates 164
  34. Regional Distribution of Woodpulp Production 164
  35. Cost Trends Per Unit of Marketed Output 165
  36. Prices 166
  37. The Siberian Contribution to Soviet Industry 166
  38. Iron Ore 167
  39. Production of Equipment for Various Industries 168
  40. Iron and Steel Production 169
  41. Manganese 170
  42. Net Outflow of Gold from Communist Countries, 1979-80 170
  43. US Stockpile Materials with Forty-Five Percent or More of World Production Concentrated in the USSR and South Africa 170
  44. Goods Not Delivered and Unwanted Goods 171
  45. Normative Net Output for the Machine-Building Industry 171
  46. Economies of Metals 172
  47. Engineers in the USSR and the US, 1950-77 172
  48. 35th CMEA Conference, Sofia, Bulgaria 173
  49. Vietnamese Vodka Sales to the USSR, 1975-80 174
  50. Official Dollar-Ruble Exchange Rates, 1970-81 174
  51. Foreign Currency Exchange Rates, Dec 1981 174

VII ENERGY

  1. Oil Developments 176
  2. Producing Wells and Production in Western Siberia 178
  3. Caspian Sea Drilling Rigs 178
  4. Exploratory Drilling by Productive Region 179
  5. Producing Wells in the USSR 179
  6. Change in Petroleum Production by Regions 179
  7. Major Oil and Gas Deposits and Main Pipelines (Map) 180
  8. Soviet Oil and Natural Gas Production, Consumption and Trade 181
  9. 1985 Soviet Oil Production Forecasts 186
  10. Natural Gas Developments 186
  11. Casinghead Gas Production 188
  12. Western Europe: Dependence on Soviet Gas 189
  13. Projected Soviet Gas Pipeline to Western Europe 190
  14. Pipelines 190
  15. Growth of the Nuclear Power Industry of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, 1971-80 191
  16. Energy Supply of Centrally Planned Economies, 1965-2000 193
  17. Distribution of Electrical Power Output 193
  18. Consumption of Electricity by Sectors of the Economy 194
  19. Output of Coal by Major Basins 194
  20. Hydroelectric and Thermal Power Stations 195
  21. Soviet Energy Production and Consumption, 1970-85 197
  22. Fuel Balance 198
  23. Geothermal Energy Resources 198
  24. Solar Energy 198

VIII INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION BY REPUBLICS

  1. Growth of Industrial Production by Republics 199
  2. Production of Finished Rolled Ferrous Metals by Republics 200
  3. Production of Steel Pipes by Republics 200
  4. Production of Iron Ore by Republics 200
  5. Production of Prefabricated Reinforced Concrete Elements by Republics 201
  6. Production of Oil by Republics 202
  7. Production of Gas by Republics 202
  8. Production of Coal by Republics 203
  9. Smelting of Steel by Republics 203
  10. Production of Metal-Cutting Machinery by Republics 204
  11. Production of Chemical Fibers and Threads by Republics 204
  12. Production of Mineral Fertilizer by Republics 205
  13. Production of Electric Power by Republics 206
  14. Production of Sawn Timber by Republics 207

IX INDUSTRIES

  1. Industrial News 208
  2. Ferrous Metals Technologies 209
  3. Changes in the Output of the Metal-Working and Engineering Industries 210
  4. Indicators of Material and Electrical Capacities of the Machine-Building Industry 210
  5. Refinery Construction 210
  6. Chemical Industry Growth 211
  7. Petrochemical Projects 212
  8. Indicators for the Cotton Industry, 1970, 1978 213
  9. Computer Industry 214
  10. Timber Industry 214
  11. Paper Industry 214
  12. Mineral Industry News 214
  13. Diamonds 215
  14. Mica Industry 216
  15. Improvement of Blast Furnace Performance, USSR and Japan, 1940-1979 216
  16. Aluminum Plants 217
  17. Iron Ore Production by Open Pits, 1980 217

X AGRICULTURE

  1. Agricultural Summary, 1981 218
  2. Agricultural Output, Plans and Actual, 1971-80, and Plans 1981-85 219
  3. Net Grain Supplies 220
  4. Kolkhoz Market Prices as a Percentage of State Prices 220
  5. Areas for Selected Grains, 1955-80 221
  6. Grain Production by Regions, 1970-81 222
  7. Selected Exporter Grain Agreements and Sales with USSR, Calendar Years 1980 and 1981 222
  8. Wheat and Coarse Grain Exports from Major Suppliers, Total and Soviet Share, Jul-Jun 1972-81 224
  9. Indicators of the Russian Non-Chernozem Zone 225
  10. Production of Commercial Sugar Beets by Republics 227
  11. Yield of Commercial Sugar Beets by Republics 227
  12. Production of Sunflowers by Republics 228
  13. Yield of Sunflowers by Republics 228
  14. Production of Cotton by Republics 228
  15. Yield of Cotton by Republics 229
  16. Procurement Prices by Commodities 229
  17. State Purchases of Basic Agricultural Commodities, 1918-1979 230
  18. State Purchases of Agricultural Products of Collective, State and Other Governmental Farming Enterprises, 1940-1979 232
  19. Production of Private Auxiliary Farming, 1971-80 234
  20. State Purchases of Agricultural Commodities Produced by Private Auxiliary Farming 234
  21. Production by State, Collective and Private Farming, 1940-79 234
  22. Livestock and Poultry on Collective, State and Inter-Farm Enterprises, mid-year 1980-81 236
  23. Oilseed and Oilseed Meal Production and Apparent Use 236
  24. Edible Vegetable Oils and Fats Supply and Use 236
  25. Tea Production 236
  26. Consumption and Production of Fodder, 1979 237
  27. Production on Drained Land, 1979 237
  28. Irrigation in Armenia 237
  29. Centrifugal Sugar Production, 1978-81 237
  30. Production on Irrigated Land, 1979 238
  31. Area Sown to Soybeans, 1981 238
  32. Manpower Which Can Be Released From Uzbek Cotton Production, 1979 238
  33. Precipitation in the Western USSR, Sep 1980-5 Apr 1981 (Map) 239
  34. Timber Production, 1913-81 240
  35. Timber News 240
  36. CMEA Deliveries of Mineral Fertilizer to Agriculture 241
  37. Forage Output, 1977-81 241
  38. CMEA Agricultural Yields 242
  39. Production of Agricultural Machinery, 1940-79 247
  40. Exploitation of Wooded Regions, 1913-1976 248
  41. Consumption of Concentrates, Hay and Succulent Fodder 249
  42. Livestock and Poultry on State and Collective Farms, 1 Oct 1973-81 249
  43. Fish Catch by Species, 1979 249
  44. Catch by Fishing Areas, 1979 251
  45. Fish Catches in Inland Waters, 1970-79 252
  46. Whaling, 1970-79 253

XI FOREIGN TRADE AND AID

  1. Foreign Trade by Categories of Countries, First Half 1981 254
  2. Soviet Trade with Selected Countries, First and Second Quarters, 1981 254
  3. Foreign Trade by Countries, 1980 and Jan-Jun, 1981 254
  4. Soviet Trade Deficit with Non-Communist Countries and Poland, Jan-Jun 1981 256
  5. Business News 257
  6. Oil Trade 258
  7. Oil News 259
  8. Price of Soviet Oil to Poland, 1980-81 260
  9. Natural Gas Trade 260
  10. Import Dependence of Minerals and Metals, US and USSR 261
  11. Industrial West Trade in Manufactured Goods with the USSR, 1976-79 262
  12. USSR-GDR Trade 263
  13. Trade of East Europe and the USSR by Areas, 1965, 1978-79 264
  14. East European Energy Imports, 1980 265
  15. Soviet Hard Currency Debt 265
  16. Soviet Imports from the European Economic Community, 1979-80 266
  17. Steel Trade 266
  18. Soviet Exports of Chrome Ore, 1970-79 266
  19. Coke Trade 267
  20. Coal Trade 267
  21. World Steam Coal Exports 268
  22. Total Soviet Grain Imports by Country of Origin by Month, 1980-81 269
  23. US Wheat and Corn Exports to the USSR Under the Five-Year Grain Agreement 270
  24. Soviet Imports of Grain from the US 270
  25. US Contract Purchases from Exporters Following the Partial Embargo of Grains to the USSR, 1979-80 270
  26. Estimated East European Debt to Western Banks, Mar 1981 271
  27. Cuban Foreign Trade Adjusted for Soviet Subsidies 271
  28. Scientific and Technological Ties of the USSR with Capitalist Countries 271
  29. Economic Aid, 1981 275
  30. Arms Deliveries to the Third World, 1977-80 278
  31. Arms Deliveries to the Third World, 1973-80 278
  32. Weapons Delivered by Major Suppliers to the Third World 279
  33. Weapons Delivered by Major Suppliers to East Asia & the Pacific 280
  34. Weapons Delivered by Major Suppliers to Latin America 281
  35. Weapons Delivered by Major Suppliers to Africa (Sub-Saharan) 282
  36. Weapons Delivered by Major Suppliers to Near East & South Asia 283
  37. Description of Items Counted in Weapons Categories, 1973-80 284
  38. Military Assistance, 1981 285
  39. Soviet Foreign Aid Projects Completed, Under Construction, or Planned Since 1945 by Capacities, 1 Jan 287
  40. Soviet Military and Civilian Advisors 288
  41. Soviet Military Advisors and Technicians Abroad 289
  42. Foreign Military Trainees in the USSR 289
  43. Soviet Foreign Aid Projects Completed, Under Construction, or Planned Since 1945, 1 Jan 289
  44. Soviet Foreign Aid Projects Completed, Under Construction, or Planned Since 1945 by Economic Branches, 1 Jan 290
  45. Soviet Construction Projects in Developing Countries, 1 Jan 1981 291

XII HEALTH, EDUCATION AND WELFARE

  1. HEW Summary, 1981 292
  2. Medical News 293
  3. Useful Urban Living Space Per Capita, 1979 294
  4. Privately-Owned Useful Urban Living Space by Republics 295
  5. Private Housing Construction by Republics 295
  6. Minimum Pension Rates, 1 Nov 1981 296
  7. Measures to Increase Assistance to Families with Children 296
  8. Per Capita Consumption of Basic Foods 297
  9. Per Capita Meat Consumption Comparison,1978 298
  10. USSR: Per Capita Meat Consumption, 1970-80 298
  11. Comparison of the Structure of Total Expenditures on Consumption in Selected Countries 298
  12. Per Capita Consumption of Sugar 299
  13. Average Annual Rates of Growth of Real National Product and Consumption Per Capita and Per Worker, Selected Countries 299
  14. Graduates from Public Middle Schools 300
  15. Education Briefs 300
  16. Students in Specialized Secondary Education by Nationalities 301
  17. Students in Higher Education by Nationalities 302
  18. Day Schools for Children with Physical and Mental Impairments, and Students 303
  19. Average Monthly Wages of Workers and Employees 303
  20. Graduates of Secondary Specialized Institutions by Specialties 304
  21. Graduates of Higher Educational Institutions by Specialties 305
  22. Changes in Real Income, Real Wages and Money Incomes 306
  23. Average Monthly Wage and Percentage of Women by Branches of the Economy 307
  24. Synopses of Candidate Dissertations (Avtoreferaty) Published by Year 308
  25. Expenditures on Measures for the Protection of Labor 308
  26. Service Enterprises 308
  27. Actuarial Table 309

XIII CULTURE AND COMMUNICATIONS

  1. Books and Brochures in Languages of the USSR and Abroad, 1979 309
  2. Translations, 1979 310
  3. Book Briefs 311
  4. Publication of Books, Periodicals and Newspapers Per Capita by Republics 312
  5. Bilingualism in Kazakhstan 313
  6. Publication of Books and Brochures by Republics 314
  7. Output of Belles-Lettres 316
  8. Telephones by City, 1 Jan 1980 318
  9. New Television Stations 318
  10. Theater News 319
  11. Radio Moscow and Other Stations 319

XIV TRANSPORTATION

  1. Transportation Summary, 1981 320
  2. Merchant Fleet Size and Growth 321
  3. Cargo Carried by the Soviet Merchant Fleet in the Trades of the USSRand Other Countries 321
  4. Maritime and River Transportation News 321
  5. Electrified Railroad Lines 324
  6. Railroads 325
  7. Metros 326
  8. Japanese Containerized Shipments on the Trans-Siberian Railway, 1971-81 327
  9. New Air Routes and Airline Information 328
  10. Soviet Aircraft Accidents, 1981 329
  11. New Helicopters 330
  12. Roads and Motor Transportation 330
  13. New Trucks and Automobiles by Plants 331
  14. New Bridges 332
  15. Public Motor Vehicle Transportation 333
  16. Passengers Transported by Privately-Owned Automobiles Used as Taxis 335
  17. Motor Vehicle Accidents in Moscow, 1980 335

XV INSTITUTIONS

  1. Academies of Science, 1 Jan 1980 336
  2. USSR Academy of Sciences, Academicians and Corresponding Members Elected 28 Dec 1981 337
  3. Scientific Workers with Advanced Degrees 338
  4. Scientific Workers by Nationalities 339
  5. Total Scientific Workers and Women Scientific Workers by Title, year end 340
  6. Number of Scientific Workers and Women Scientific Workers by Republics, year end 1979 341
  7. Institutional News 341
  8. Secretaries of the Board of the USSR Writers' Union, Elected 4 Jul 1981 342
  9. Delegates to the Seventh Writers' Congress 343
  10. Trade Union Membership by Republics, 1 Jan 1980 343
  11. Worker Representation in the USSR 343
  12. Congresses of the Union of Cinematographers of the USSR 344
  13. Religious Affairs 344
  14. International Bank for Economic Cooperation 344

XVI SPECIAL TOPICS

  1. 1981 In Review 345
  2. Satellite Launches, 1981 355
  3. World Record of Known Space Launch Successes and Failures, 1957-80 360
  4. Summary of Manned Space Flights, 1961-80 362
  5. Soviet and US Civilian and Military Space Launchings, 1957-80 369
  6. Summary of Soviet and US Space Payloads by Mission, 1957-80 369
  7. Twenty-Seventh Antarctic Expedition 370
  8. Soviet Tourism 370
  9. Defections from the USSR Since 1945 371
  10. Political Prisoners, 30 Oct 1981 371
  11. International Exhibitions in the USSR, Second Half 1981-1982 372
  12. Soviet Nuclear Tests, 1981 373
  13. Soviet Espionage 373
  14. USSR-Canadian Hockey Games, 1954-80 378
  15. Jewish Emigration from the USSR 378
  16. Jewish Emigration by Cities, 1970-79 379
  17. Armenian Emigration, 1979-80 379
  18. Professional Days and Holidays in the USSR, 1982 380
  19. Ethnic German Emigration, 1979-80 382
  20. Obituaries, 1981 382
  21. Key Works on the Soviet Union 384
  22. UFFA Contents, Volumes 1-5 393

 

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