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Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual (REFFA)

(Formerly USSR Facts Figures Annual (UFFA))

REFFA/UFFA Contents

 

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UFFA Volume 7 Contents

I SURVEY 1

II GOVERNMENT

  1. USSR Council of Ministers 6
  2. Major Government Appointments 10
  3. Elections to the Local Soviets of People's Deputies, 20 Jun 1982 12
  4. Elections to Local Soviets, 20 Jun 1982 13
  5. Deputies Elected by Categories 14
  6. Administrative-Territorial Units by Union Republics, 1 Jan 19881 15
  7. People's Courts, Elected 20 Jun 1982 16
  8. Newly Accredited Diplomatic Representatives to the USSR, 1982 16
  9. Soviet Ambassadors Appointed, 1982 17
  10. Ministry of Foreign Affairs 17
  11. Committee for State Security (KGB) 19
  12. Growth of Employment and the Bureaucracy 20
  13. USSR Law on the USSR Border, 24 Nov 1982 20
  14. On Temporary Measures for the Regulation of the Activities of Soviet Enterprises in the Prospecting for and the Development of the Mineral Resources of the Sea-Bed Beyond the Limits of the Continental Shelf 31

III PARTY

  1. Major Party Appointments, 1982 34
  2. CPSU Politburo 35
  3. Party Members and Candidates by Nationality, 1 Jan 1982 36
  4. Andropov Biography 36
  5. Komsomol Secretariat, Elected 21 May 1982 38
  6. World Communist Parties, 1982 38
  7. Turnover of Regional Soviet Officials 41
  8. Turnover Among RSFSR Regional Officials, 1971-80 42
  9. First Secretaries of Republic Oblasts, 1955-82 (John L. Scherer) 42

IV DEMOGRAPHY

  1. Demographics, 1982 55
  2. Births, 1913-1980 55
  3. Vital Rates, 1913-1981 56
  4. Marriage Rates, 1940-1980 57
  5. Marriage Ages 57
  6. Multinational Marriages, late 1950s to early 1970s 58
  7. Increase in the Working-Age Population of the USSR 58
  8. Regional Distribution of Increments to the Working Age Population, 1970-79 and 1980-89 58
  9. Reproduction of Labor Resources 59
  10. Distribution of Major Nationalities by Republics, 1979 59
  11. New Cities 59
  12. Population of the Union Republics by Major Nationalities, 1979 60
  13. Russian and Native Nationalities in the Baltic Republics 60
  14. Directions and Degree of Administrative Migration of the Populations of Kokhtla-Yarve, Narva and Tallinn, Estonia, 1959-70 61

V ARMED FORCES

  1. Ministry of Defense 62
  2. Distribution of Strategic Nuclear Weapons, 1982 65
  3. Strategic and Theater Nuclear Forces 66
  4. ICBMs as a Percentage of the Nuclear Arsenal, 1982 68
  5. Theater Nuclear Forces, Jun 1982 68
  6. Estimated Soviet Defense Expenditures, 1951-80 69
  7. Ground Forces, Armor and Other Military Developments 69
  8. Soviet Military Bases in Afghanistan (Map) 73
  9. Artillery Changes 74
  10. Afghanistan 74
  11. Soviet and Warsaw Pact Exercises, 1982 74
  12. Soviet Weapons Production, 1977-81 76
  13. Air Force Developments 77
  14. Naval Developments 80
  15. Growth of the Pacific Fleet, 1978-81 83
  16. Soviet Out-of-Area Ship Days 83
  17. Unidentified Submarines in Swedish Waters and Elsewhere 83
  18. Soviet Warship Port Visits, 1982 84
  19. NATO and Warsaw Pact Air Forces Deployed in Europe 85
  20. Estimated Percent of Risk Population Evacuated Versus Time 85
  21. Balance of Forces between NATO and the Warsaw Pact, 1970, 1975-81 86
  22. Arms Trade: NATO and Warsaw Pact 88
  23. Arms Trade: USSR 89
  24. Basic English-Language Sources on Soviet Civil Defense 90
  25. Estimated Shelter Capacity 90
  26. Order of Use of Chemical, Biological and Radiological Protective Equipment 91
  27. Soviet Chemical Warfare 92

VI ECONOMY

  1. State Budget, 1982-83 98
  2. Major Indices of the 1983 Plan 98
  3. 1983 Plan in Physical Terms and Percentage 99
  4. Main Targets of Growth, 1981-85 101
  5. Industrial Production in Physical Terms 102
  6. Aggregate Factor Productivity 104
  7. Industrial Factor Productivity 104
  8. Growth of Gross National Product at Factor cost by End Use 105
  9. Distribution of Gross National Product at Factor Cost by End Use 105
  10. Industrial Production by Industrial Branch 106
  11. Estimated Soviet Gross National Product 106
  12. Growth of National Income 106
  13. Fixed Capital Stock in Major Branches of the Economy 107
  14. Capital Investment Allocated to the Renovation and Expansion of Older Enterprises of Total State Capital Investment, 1970, 1975, 1980 107
  15. Number of Large Enterprises Constructed, 1918-80 108
  16. Inventories in Retail and Wholesale Trade and Industry 108
  17. Structure of State and Cooperative Retail Trade 109
  18. Savings as a Percentage of Retail Trade 111
  19. Stocks in the Retail Trade Network 112
  20. Average Length of Work Week for Adult Workers by Branches of Industry, 1955, 1975, 1980 112
  21. Annual Leaves of Workers and Employees 112
  22. Share of Labor Productivity in the Growth of Industrial Output 113
  23. Labor Force in Repair Work 113
  24. Workers Doing Manual Labor 113
  25. Stockpiling and Military Procurements of Foodstuffs, 1970-80 114
  26. Automated Management Systems, 1966-80 114
  27. Annual Average Employment by Branches of the National Economy 115
  28. Currency and Coin in Circulation 116
  29. Short-Term Loans to Enterprises by Type 116
  30. Male-Female Distribution of Technical, Scientific and Managerial Occupations, 1970 117
  31. Growth in Unfinished Construction 117
  32. Return on Capital, 1958, 1980 117
  33. Production Associations, yearend 1970-80 118
  34. Estimated Coffee Sales, 1975-80 118
  35. Banking News 118

VII ENERGY

  1. Main Energy Targets, 1982, 1985 119
  2. Fuel as a Percentage of Soviet Exports, 1970-80 119
  3. Fuel-Energy Balance 120
  4. Fuel Savings, 1976-85 120
  5. Oil Production, Trade and Consumption 120
  6. Oil Developments 123
  7. Oil Pipelines 124
  8. Oil Trade 125
  9. Estimated Crude Oil Refining Capacity, 1970, 1975, 1980, 1985 125
  10. West Siberian Oil Production, 1975-85 126
  11. West Siberian Natural Gas Production 126
  12. Summary of Gas Statistics, 1960-80 126
  13. Gas Production, Trade and Consumption 127
  14. Gas Developments 129
  15. Gas Pipelines 131
  16. Turbines and Compressor Stations Needed for the Export Gas Pipeline 134
  17. European Subsidies for the Soviet Gas Pipeline 135
  18. Gas Trade 135
  19. Siberian Gas Pipelines Under Construction 136
  20. Oil and Gas Pipelines, year end 137
  21. Coal Developments 137
  22. Coal Production 139
  23. Changes in Coal Production, 1981 139
  24. Production of Coking Coal 140
  25. Atomic Power Stations 140
  26. Atomic Power Stations in Operation, 1 Jan 1981 142
  27. Planned Solar, Geothermal and Wind Energy Use, 1981-85 143
  28. Geographical Distribution of Fuel Extraction and Consumption and the Production of Electricity, 1975, 1980 144
  29. Capacities Added at Power Stations 144
  30. Electrical Power Exchanges with the USSR, 1980 144
  31. Consumption of Electricity 145

VIII INDUSTRIES

  1. Growth of Soviet Industries 145
  2. Levels of Soviet Technology 146
  3. Locations of Enterprises Manufacturing Equipment for the Urengoi-Pomary-Uzhgorod Natural Gas Pipeline 149
  4. Plans for Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metallurgy, 1981-85 150
  5. Steel Production, 1977-80 151
  6. Output in the Iron and Steel Industry 153
  7. Machinery Production, 1980-85 153
  8. Growth Rates of Machinery Output and Military Hardware Procurement 154
  9. New Types of Equipment Created Annually 154
  10. Fertilizer Industry Plans, 1982-85 155
  11. Industrial Robots 155
  12. Eyeglasses Production, 1981 156
  13. Obsolete Products Manufactured at Georgian Engineering Enterprises 156
  14. Major Shipyards 157

IX AGRICULTURE

  1. Agricultural Summary 159
  2. Kolkhoz Market Prices as a Percentage Over State Prices 160
  3. Agricultural Developments 160
  4. Agricultural Production and Targets 165
  5. US and Soviet Fixed Assets Per Worker 165
  6. Productive Fixed Assets of Agriculture 165
  7. Shipments of Wheat and Coarse Grain to the USSR by Major Exporters, Jul-Jun 1971-73 166
  8. Normless and Contract Farming 167
  9. Total Private Agricultural Fixed Capital, 1975-880 167
  10. Basic Indicators of Kolkhoz (Collective Farm) Development 167
  11. Average Yields on Drained Land, 1976-80 168
  12. Irrigation, 1982 169
  13. Average Liveweight of Cattle, Swine, Sheep and Goats Sold to the Government 169
  14. Deliveries of Mineral Fertilizer to Agriculture by Type 170
  15. Sown Areas by Major Crops 171
  16. Degree of Mechanization on Kolkhozes, Sovkhozes and Inter-Farm Enterprises 172
  17. Meat Production and Trade, 1960-80 172
  18. Meat Production 173
  19. Meat Production by Types 174
  20. Crop and Livestock Production as a Percentage of Total Agricultural Output 174
  21. Sown Area, Production and Yields of Grain (Including Pulses) in Eastern Europe, 1980 174
  22. Per Capita Production of Basic Agricultural Products in Eastern Europe 174
  23. Structures of Herds in the USSR and Eastern Europe, 1975, 1980 177
  24. Farm Output in the Ukraine, 7th and 10th Five Year Plans 177
  25. Brezhnev's New Food Program: Regional Diversification and Infrastructure (Elizabeth Clayton) 177
  26. Summary of the New Food Program, Adopted 24 May 1982 183
  27. Average Annual Production by Republics 186
  28. Retail Sales at Collective Farm Markets 187
  29. Agricultural Subsidies 187
  30. Average Dates of Disappearance of Snow Cover (Map) 188
  31. Inventories, Deliveries and Scrapping Rates of Agricultural Machinery, 1966-81 189
  32. Energy Capacity and Consumption of Agriculture 190
  33. Fish Catch by Species, 1980 190
  34. Catch by Fishing Areas, 1980 192
  35. Fish Catch in Inland Waters, 1975-80 192
  36. Fish Catch in Inland Waters by Species, 1975-80 193
  37. Whaling, 1980 194

X FOREIGN TRADE AND AID

  1. Trade News 195
  2. Foreign Trade, 1981 195
  3. Soviet Foreign Trade, Jan-Jun 1981 and Jan-Jun 1982 195
  4. Foreign Trade by Countries, 1981 202
  5. Foreign Trade by Groups of Countries, 1970, 1980, 1981 203
  6. Composition of USSR Trade to the Industrialized West, 1974-80 205
  7. Origins of Leading Soviet Imports from the Industrialized West, 1977-1979 207
  8. Estimated Soviet Aid to Less Developed Countries as a Percentage of GNP, 1970, 1975-79 208
  9. Soviet Machinery Imports from the West, 1970-80 208
  10. Soviet Machinery Trade with Selected Countries, 1958-80 209
  11. Hard Currency Balance of Payments 210
  12. Estimated USSR and East European Hard Currency Debt to the West 211
  13. USSR: Hard Currency Imports 212
  14. Communist Countries: Hard Currency Current Account Balances, 1979-80 212
  15. Soviet Economic Assistance to Cuba 213
  16. Soviet Hard Currency Costs of Trade with Cuba 214
  17. Distribution of the Volume of Foreign Trade of CMEA Countries by Groups of Countries, 1980 214
  18. Soviet-Cuban Foreign Trade Adjusted for Price Subsidies 215
  19. Percentage of Total CMEA Trade by Members 216
  20. Estimated Net Debt of Eastern Europe and the USSR to the Developed Market Economies 216
  21. International Bank for Economic Cooperation 217
  22. Vneshtorgbank USSR 219
  23. Economic Aid Projects, 1982 219
  24. Enterprises and Projects Completed, Under Construction, or Planned in Capitalist Countries with Soviet Assistance, 1 Jan 1982 222
  25. Soviet Foreign Aid Projects Completed, Under Construction, or Planned Since 1945 by Economic Branches, 1 Jan 223
  26. Enterprises and Projects Completed, Under Construction or Planned in Developing Countries with Soviet Assistance, 1 Jan 1982 224
  27. Soviet Foreign Aid Projects Completed, Under Construction, or Planned Since 1945, 1 Jan 225
  28. Soviet Foreign Aid Projects Completed, Under Construction, or Planned Since 1945 by Capacities, 1 Jan 225
  29. Soviet Aid to Asia and Africa, Beginning 1981 226
  30. US Seizures of Technology Smuggled to the USSR, 1 Oct 1981-Jun 1982 227
  31. Selected Soviet and East European Legal and Illegal Acquisitions from the West Affecting Key Areas of Soviet Military Technology 228
  32. Microelectronic Equipment and Technology Legally and Illegally Acquired by the Soviet Bloc 229
  33. Soviet-Japanese Agreements, 1981-82 229
  34. Trade with Norway, 1978-80 230
  35. Soviet Automobiles Sold in Belgium 230
  36. Poland's Trade and External Debt with Non-Communist Countries 231
  37. Cuban Imports of Selected Products from the USSR, 1974, 1976 231
  38. Trade in Meat and Meat Products, 1966-80 233
  39. Military Assistance, 1982 234
  40. Soviet Military Technicians on Extended Tours Abroad, 1977-81 235
  41. Top Five Recipients of Soviet Arms Transfers, 1975-79 236
  42. World Arms Trade, 1979 236
  43. Arms Deliveries to the Third World, 1978-80 236
  44. Weapons Deliveries to the Third World by Major Arms Suppliers, 1978-mid-1981 237
  45. Third World Arms Agreements with Industrialized Countries, 1978-80 237
  46. Arms Transfers to the Third World by Blocs, 1973-80 238
  47. Arms Agreements Made by Third World Nations, 1972-81 239
  48. Summary-Conventional Weapons Delivered to the Third World, 1972-81 240
  49. Near East and South Asia 244
  50. Sub-Saharan Africa 246
  51. Latin America 248
  52. East Asia and the Pacific 250
  53. Soviet Arms Transfers, 1975-79 252
  54. Foreign Military Trainees in the USSR, 1977-81 252
  55. Soviet Military Advisers and Technicians Abroad, 1977-81 253
  56. USSR Seaborne Military Deliveries to Cuba, 1962-81 253

XI HEALTH, EDUCATION AND WELFARE

  1. Health Indicators 254
  2. Health News 254
  3. Average Monthly Wages for Teachers and Medical Workers 256
  4. Working Pensioners as Percentage of Old-Age Pensioners 257
  5. Increase in Average Savings Account Per Ruble Increase in Wages for Workers and Employees 257
  6. Budgets of Industrial Worker and Collective Farm Families 258
  7. Prices and Shortages, 1981-82 259
  8. Prices in Moscow, 1982 260
  9. Per Capita Consumption of the Most Important Non-Food Commodities 260
  10. Provision of the Urban and Rural Population with Durable Consumer Goods 261
  11. Per Capita Consumption of Basic Foods 262
  12. Composition of Daily Diets in the USSR, 1965 and 1977 263
  13. Private Housing Construction by Republics 263
  14. Housing Stock by Major Cities, 1980 year end 263
  15. Urban Housing Per Capita by Republic Capitals, 1980 264
  16. Privately-Owned Useful Urban Living Space by Republics 264
  17. Educational Developments 265

XII CULTURE AND COMMUNICATIONS

  1. Books and Brochures in Languages of the USSR and Abroad, 1980 266
  2. Translations, 1980 268
  3. Publishing Information 271
  4. Most Frequently Translated Russian and Soviet Authors 272
  5. Journals and Newspapers 272
  6. Fluency in Russian by Nationalities 273
  7. Language Fluency in the USSR, 1979 273
  8. Literature on Scientific Atheism Published in the USSR in Russian, 1976-80 276
  9. Biographies of Selected Uzbek Writers 276
  10. Theater and Ballet 279
  11. Moscow Theaters, 1980 280
  12. Interpreting Soviet Music (Alexander Braginsky) 281
  13. Popular Music 286
  14. Weekly Hours of International Broadcasting to World Areas by Communist Countries, Dec 1979-Dec 1980 287
  15. Radio Liberty/Radio Free Europe 288
  16. Telephones 288
  17. Posts, 1981 289
  18. Film News 289
  19. Art 290
  20. Film Production 291

XIII TRANSPORTATION

  1. Transportation, 1982 292
  2. Motor Transport, Roads and Bridges 292
  3. Traffic Accidents in the USSR, Jan-Jun 1981-82 293
  4. Traffic Accidents in Latvia, 1981 293
  5. Traffic Accidents in Lithuania, 1971-81 294
  6. Traffic Accidents in Tadzhikistan, 1981 294
  7. Traffic Accidents in Moldavia, 1981 294
  8. Traffic Accidents in Belorussia, 1981 294
  9. Railroads 295
  10. New Air Routes and Airline Information, 1982 296
  11. Aeroflot Summary Statistics, 1970-80 298
  12. Soviet Aircraft Accidents, 1970-74 298
  13. Soviet Aircraft Accidents, 1982 300
  14. Air Traffic of the Ministry of Civil Aviation 302
  15. International Air Traffic 302
  16. Metros, 1980 303
  17. Metro Passengers, 1980 303
  18. Metro News 303
  19. Shipping News 304
  20. Merchant Marine, 1 Jan 1982 305
  21. Merchant Shipping 306
  22. Soviet Tanker Fleet 306
  23. Soviet and Warsaw Pact Ship Arrivals to and Departures from the US, 1979-81 306
  24. Soviet and Warsaw Pact Ship Arrivals from and Departures to Non-Communist Nations, 1979-81 307
  25. Transits of Soviet Ships Through the Suez Canal 310
  26. Fuel Consumption by Types of Transportation 310
  27. Freight Turnover of Inland River Transportation 311
  28. Freight Turnover by Maritime Transport of the Ministry of the Maritime Fleet 312

XIV INSTITUTIONS

  1. Academies of Science, 1 Jan 1981 313
  2. Natural Sci-Tech Information System of the USSR 316
  3. USSR Academies of Science in Moscow, 1 Jan 1981 317
  4. Expenditures on Science from the State Budget and Other Sources 317
  5. Mass Libraries, 1940-81 318
  6. Trade Union Presidium, Elected 20 Mar 1982 318
  7. Delegates to the 17th Congress of Trade Unions, 16-20 Mar 1982 319
  8. State Universities 320
  9. Congresses of the World Federation of Trade Unions 323
  10. Soviet Committee in Defense of Peace 323
  11. Religion 324

XV SPECIAL TOPICS

  1. 1982 in Review 325
  2. Satellite Launches, 1982 337
  3. Summary of US and Soviet Space Payloads by Mission, 1957-81 345
  4. Prisons and Prisoners 346
  5. Tourism, 1977-78 347
  6. Environmental Protection 349
  7. Soviet Espionage 350
  8. Soviet Nuclear Tests, 1982` 355
  9. Horse Auctions, 1982 355
  10. Industrial Exhibitions in the USSR, 1983-85 356
  11. Jewish Emigration from the USSR, 1979-82 357
  12. American Studies of the Soviet Union 357
  13. Approximate US Government Expenditures for Research on Soviet Affairs, FY 1977-78 358
  14. Estimated KGB Budget 358
  15. Trademarks Registered by the US to Residents of the USSR, 1978-80 359
  16. Patents Issued by the US to Residents of the USSR, 1974-80 359
  17. Number of Statistical Handbooks Published by Republic and by Type, 1956-79 359
  18. Lenin Prizes, 1982 360
  19. Karakum Canal 360
  20. Obituaries, 1982 361
  21. Key Works on the Soviet Union 364
  22. Percentage Increases of 1982 Production Over 1981 372
  23. Capital Construction, 1982 373
  24. HEW Summary, 1982 374

 

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