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Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual (REFFA)

(Formerly USSR Facts Figures Annual (UFFA))

REFFA/UFFA Contents

 

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UFFA Volume 9 Contents

I SURVEY 1

II GOVERNMENT

  1. USSR Council of Ministers 6
  2. Chairman of the Councils of Ministers of the Republics, 1984 10
  3. Biographies of Major Appointees to the USSR Council of Ministers, 1984 10
  4. Government News 12
  5. Councils and Presidium of the Supreme Soviet 13
  6. Supreme Soviet Voter Participation 14
  7. Council of the Union Voter Participation 14
  8. Council of Nationalities Voter Participation 15
  9. Council of Nationalities Voter Participation by Autonomous Republics 15
  10. Council of the Nationalities Voter Participation by Autonomous Oblasts 16
  11. Composition of the Supreme Soviet 16
  12. Chairmen of the Standing Commissionsof the Supreme Soviet 17
  13. Chairmen of the Supreme Soviets 17
  14. Republic Ministers of Internal Affairs 18
  15. USSR Committee for State Security, Organization 18
  16. USSR Committee for State Security 20
  17. Chairmen of State Security Organizations by Republics 20
  18. Administrative-Territorial Units by Union Republics 26

III FOREIGN AFFAIRS

  1. Soviet Ambassadors 27
  2. Ambassadors Accredited to the USSR, 1984 29
  3. Status of US-USSR Exchanges, 1984 30
  4. Possible Soviet Violations of SALT I and II Treaties 31
  5. Arms Control Agreements 33

IV COMMUNIST PARTY

  1. Party News, 1984 34
  2. New Oblast and Regional First Secretaries, 1984 35
  3. Politburo and Secretariat 36
  4. Oblast First Secretaries 37

V DEMOGRAPHY

  1. Demographic News, 1984 38
  2. Groupings of Rates of Natural Increase by Republics, 1940, 1970, 1982 39
  3. Age-Sex Pyramid, 1970, 2000 39
  4. Estimated and Projected Total Population and Vital Rates, 1950-2000 40
  5. Estimated and Projected Population by Selected Age Groups 43
  6. Crude Death Rate and Life Expectancy at Birth by Sex for the USSR and Republics, 1950-82 48
  7. Death Rates 48
  8. Death Rates by Cause, 1960, 1970, 1980 49
  9. Infant Mortality Rates by Republic, 1958-74 49
  10. Infant Mortality Rates for 21 Cities, 1970, 1972, 1974 50
  11. USSR: Increments to the Working Age Population 51
  12. Population Density 51
  13. Childbearing Out of Wedlock 52
  14. Number of Large Soviet Cities and Population by Censuses 52
  15. Movement of the Rural Population by Republics 52

VI ARMED FORCES

  1. Ground Forces, Armor and Other Military Developments 53
  2. Sergei Leonidovich Sokolov 56
  3. Recent Personnel Changes in the Soviet General Staff 57
  4. Afghanistan 57
  5. Maneuvers, 1984 58
  6. Soviet Forces Summaries, 1970-83 60
  7. Soviet Conventional Forces (Map) 65
  8. Land Force Recapitulation 66
  9. US Ground Combat System Characteristics 68
  10. Soviet Ground Combat System Characteristics 70
  11. Soviet and American Production of Selected Weapons as a Percentage of Alliance Production, 1983 72
  12. Strategic Offensive Forces 72
  13. Defence of Southern Region (Map) 73
  14. Strategic Forces Developments 74
  15. Defence of Northern and Central Regions (Map) 76
  16. Introduction of Strategic Systems 77
  17. Longer-Range INF Missiles 78
  18. Theater-Nuclear Weapons Summaries 79
  19. Air Force and Air Defense Developments 85
  20. Soviet Aircraft of the US, 1982-84 87
  21. US-Soviet Military Aircraft 88
  22. Comparison of Soviet and American Combat and Support Helicopters 92
  23. Naval Developments 93
  24. Soviet Warship Port Visits, 1984 96
  25. Maritime Force Comparisons Table 97
  26. Soviet Weapons Production Rates 1979-83 98
  27. Naval Ship Construction USSR and NATO 98
  28. Aircraft Production USSR and NATO 98
  29. Missile Production USSR and NATO 99
  30. Production of Ground Forces Materiel USSR/NSWP and NATO 99
  31. Soviet Merchant Marine, 1970-83 100
  32. Chemical Warfare Protective Capabilities, US-USSR 109
  33. Chemical Offensive/Retaliatory Capabilities, US-USSR 109
  34. Variation of the Number of Chemical Laser Battle Stations Needed to Handle a Simultaneous Launch of Soviet ICBMs Depending on Characteristics of the Soviet Arsenal and the US Laser Defense 110
  35. Production of Selected Weapons for NATO and Warsaw Pact Forces 1974-83 111
  36. Number of US and USSR Major Military System Developers 111
  37. Explanations of Items in the FY Department of Defense Program for Research, Development and Acquisition (1984) 112
  38. Estimated Production of Weapons by Types, 1983-90 117
  39. Soviet Weapons Production, 1972-83 119
  40. Some Major Soviet Development Programs Reaching IOC in the Mid-1980s 126
  41. Short and Intermediate Range Delivery Systems Modernization Comparison 127
  42. Comparison of Technology Levels, Deployed Systems 128
  43. Comparison of Key Military Technologies 129
  44. Changes in the RSFSR Code of Criminal Law on Military Service 130
  45. Military Storage Areas 134

VII ECONOMY

  1. Economic News, 1983-84 135
  2. Major Indices of the 1984-85 Plans 138
  3. 1985 Plan in Physical Terms and Percentages 139
  4. Gross National Product at Factor Cost, by End Use 141
  5. Growth of Gross National Product at Factor Cost, by End Use 141
  6. Share of Gross National Product, by Sector of Origin 142
  7. Growth of Gross National Product by Sector of Origin 142
  8. Gross Fixed Capital Investment by Function and by Sector 143
  9. Stock of Fixed Capital, by Sector 144
  10. Aggregate Factor Productivity 145
  11. Industrial Factor Productivity 145
  12. Annual Rate of Growth of Industrial Production, by Branch of Industry 146
  13. Growth of Real National Product 147
  14. Estimated Real Gross National Product at Market Prices 147
  15. Financing the Economy 147
  16. State Budget, 1985 148
  17. Capital Investment by Republics 149
  18. Increments in Short-Term Loans Outstanding, Inventories, and Profits, 1976-82 150
  19. Trends in Output-Capital Ratios in Soviet Industry, 1970-82 152
  20. USSR: Production of Industrial Materials, 1970-82 152
  21. Industrial Production in Physical Terms by Quarters, 1984 153
  22. Increases in Economic Indicators, 1940-82 155
  23. Average Annual Growth Rates for Selected Industrial Products, 1976-83 155
  24. Retail Price Reductions 156
  25. Retail Food Prices in Moscow, 1984 156
  26. Prices and Supplies of Staples 157
  27. Price and Availability of Selected Food Products in Leningrad Jan-Jun 1983 158
  28. Price and Availability of Selected Food Products in Leningrad Jul-Dec 1983 159
  29. Price and Availability of Selected Food Products in Moscow, Jan-Jun 1983 160
  30. Price and Availability of Selected Food Products in Moscow, Jul-Dec 1983 161
  31. Price and Availability of Selected Food Products in Kiev, Jan-Jun 1983 162
  32. Price and Availability of Selected Food Products in Kiev, Jul-Dec 1983 163
  33. Price and Availability of Selected Food Products in Minsk, Jan-Jun 1983 164
  34. Price and Availability of Selected Food Products in Central Asian SSRs, Jan-Jun 1983 165
  35. Price and Availability of Selected Food Products in Caucasian SSRs, Jan-Jun 1983 166
  36. Price and Availability of Selected Food Products in Baltic SSRs, Jan-Jun 1983 167 Price and Availability of Selected Food Products in Urals-Siberia Jan-Jun 1983 168
  37. Overall Price and Availability of Selected Food Products, Jul-Dec 1983 169
  38. Ranking of Cities by Food Supply 170
  39. Index of State Retail Prices by Commodities 170
  40. Note on Soviet Price Indices 171
  41. Capital Investment in Group B (Consumer) Industries by Five Year Plans 172
  42. Number of Models of Consumer Durables Sold in the USSR, 1984 172
  43. Annual Production Changes, 1975-84 173
  44. Major Indices of Production, 1984 174
  45. Deposits in Savings Banks and the State Bank 174
  46. Sales of Goods to the Population on Credit 175
  47. Index of the Sale of Consumer Goods in the State and Cooperative Trade Network, Including Public Catering 176
  48. Average Number of Workers and Employees in the National Economy and Collective Farmers Employed in the Public Sector of Collective Farms 176
  49. Increases in the Prices of Soviet-Made Equipment Per Unit of Capacity, 1971-85 177
  50. Profitability of Industrial Enterprises by Branches 177
  51. Comparison of the Increases in the Costs of Machines to Increases in Their Physical Production 178
  52. Estimated Graduates of Secondary Specialized Education to the Economy and the Military, 1982 179
  53. Capital Investment in the Eastern Regions of the USSR 179
  54. Working Pensioners 179
  55. Distribution of Wages and Salaries of Workers and Employees in the National Economy by Average Wages of Branches of the Economy, 1982 180
  56. Urban and Rural Populations by Sources of Income by Republics, 1979 181
  57. Publication of Narodnoe Khoziaistvo SSR, 1956-83 185

VIII ENERGY

  1. Capital Investment in the Energy Sector 186
  2. USSR: Production of Energy, 1970-82 186
  3. Fuel and Energy Production and Exports, 1970-85 187
  4. Soviet Energy Exports 187
  5. Capital Investment in the Energy Sector of State and Cooperative Enterprises and Organizations
  6. by Branches of Industry 188
  7. Fuel Structure in Boiler and Furnace Uses, 1970-85 188
  8. Nuclear Power, 1984 189
  9. Reactors Installed or Planned at Atomic Power Stations, 1983-90 190
  10. Oil Developments, 1984 191
  11. USSR: Imports of Oil 193
  12. USSR: Natural Gas Trade 193
  13. USSR: Exports of Oil 194
  14. USSR: Regional Production of Natural Gas 195
  15. USSR: Oil and Natural Gas Production/Apparent Consumption 196
  16. USSR: Regional Production of Crude Oil 197
  17. Oil Pipelines, 1984 198
  18. Crude Oil Production by Months 198
  19. Enhanced Oil Recovery 198
  20. Oil Trade 199
  21. Gas Developments, 1984 200
  22. Gas Trade 200
  23. Expansion of Cities Associated with Siberian Gas and Oil Development 201
  24. Expenditures to Develop Gas Deposits by Regions 201
  25. Gas Pipelines, 1984 202
  26. Percentage Increases in Oil and Gas Pipelines Network, Volumes Transported by Pipelines, and Production 202
  27. Coal Developments, 1984 203
  28. Decreasing Caloric Value of Coal Extractions, 1940-82 203
  29. Declining Values of Steam Coals Delivered to Power Stations 203
  30. Therman and Hydroelectric Power News, 1984 204
  31. Electrical Output in the US and USSR 205
  32. Heat Sources for Moscow, 1990 205
  33. Production of Oil Shale and Electricity in Estonia 206
  34. Solar Energy 206
  35. IX INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENTS
  36. Computer Industry 207
  37. Steel Industry News 208
  38. Robots 209
  39. Metal-Cutting and Forge-Press Machinery Production by Types 210
  40. Truck Production 210
  41. Diamonds 211
  42. Geological Activity 211
  43. Capital Investments Needed for the Extraction of Raw Materials 211
  44. Cigarette and Papirosi Production, Imports and Consumption 212
  45. Scrapping Rates of Machinery and Equipment in the Food Industry, 1981 212
  46. X AGRICULTURE
  47. Agricultural News, 1984 213
  48. Agricultural Summary, 1984 215
  49. Procurement Prices for Soviet Agriculture in the 1980s By Yuri Markish 216
  50. USSR Grain Area, Yield, and Production, 1975-84 224
  51. Grain Production in the USSR and Kazakhstan 224
  52. USSR Net Grain Trade 225
  53. Average Dates for the Start of Winter Wheat Heading (Map) 226
  54. Winter Wheat Crop Progress by Early June, 1984 (Map) 227
  55. Autumn 1982 Winter Wheat Planting Conditions (Map) 228
  56. Autumn 1983 Winter Wheat Planting Conditions (Map) 229
  57. Capital Investment in Agriculture as a Percentage of Gross Agricultural Output Value 230
  58. Meat Production in the State and Private Sectors 230
  59. Expenditures of Feed Concentrates Per Quintal of Milk and Weight Gain in Cattle by Republic, 1983 231
  60. Silage Procurement 231
  61. World Wheat Exports to USSR 232
  62. USSR Total Fertilizer Delivery 235
  63. Scrapping Rate for Trucks in Agriculture, 1971, 1976, 1981 236
  64. Plans for Irrigated and Drained Land In the Year 2000 236
  65. Conservation Measures 237
  66. Structure of Agricultural Land in the Non-Black-Earth-Zone of the RSFSR 238
  67. Fishing News, 1984 239
  68. Fish Catch, 1977-82 239
  69. Inland Fish Production, 1973-82 239
  70. Timber Industry News 240
  71. XI FOREIGN TRADE AND AID
  72. Trade and Aid Developments, 1984 241
  73. Soviet Foreign Trade by Groups of Countries, Jan-Dec 1982-83 243
  74. Soviet Foreign Trade by Groups of CountriesJan-Dec 1982-83 244
  75. Soviet Foreign Trade by Groups of Countries, Jan-Jun 1984 249
  76. Soviet Foreign Trade by Countries, Jan-Jun 1984 250
  77. Structure of Soviet Trade, 1982-83 255
  78. Volumes of Exports and Imports in Transferable Rubles 256
  79. Soviet-Finnish Trade, 1979-83 257
  80. Soviet-Polish Trade, 1975-84 257
  81. Canada's Agricultural Exports to the USSR,1980-83 257
  82. Major Suppliers of Selected Agricultural Goods to the USSR, 1982-83 258
  83. Regional Emphasis of Soviet Bloc and US Training Programs for Foreign Students 259
  84. Soviet Foreign Aid, 1984 259
  85. Government Sponsored Students from Abroad Trained in the US and USSR, 1972, 1977, and 1982 261
  86. Developing Country Students Being Trained in the United States in 1982 and in the Soviet Bloc in 1972, 1977, 1982 262
  87. Soviet Aid to the Third World, 1981 264
  88. Soviet Economic Aid Extended to Less Developed Countries by Recipient 275
  89. Communist Economic Aid to Less Developed Countries, Extensions and Drawings 277
  90. Communist Military Aid to Less Developed Countries, Extensions and Drawings 277
  91. Academic, Technical, and Military Trainees Departing from Less Developed Countries for Training in Communist Countries by Area of Destination 278
  92. Soviet Economic Aid Extended to Communist Countries 278
  93. Military Personnel from the Less Developed Countries Trained In Communist Countries, 1955-83 279
  94. Communist Economic and Military Technicians in Less Developed Countries, by Country, 1983 280
  95. Top Fifteen Recipients of Soviet Arms, 1972-82 282
  96. Soviet Military Aid, 1984 282
  97. Arms Transfers, 1976-83 284
  98. Balance Sheet for the International Bank for Economic Cooperation 31 Dec 1982-83 296

XII HEALTH, EDUCATION AND WELFARE

  1. Educational News, 1984 297
  2. Structure of New School System, 1986- 298
  3. Enrollment by Specialty 299
  4. Health News 299
  5. HEW Summary, 1984 301
  6. Abortions in Tomsk, RSFSR 302
  7. News of Soviet Welfare, 1984 302
  8. Per Capita Consumption of Selected Food, 1960-82 303
  9. Indices of Expenditures in the All-Union Budget on Social Security and State Social Insurance 304
  10. Urban Housing Stock 304
  11. Rural Housing Stock 304
  12. Proportion of Living Space of Public Urban Housing Equipped with Conveniences 305
  13. Percentage of Housing Financed by the State in the USSR and Eastern Europe 305
  14. Consumer Services 305

XIII CULTURE AND COMMUNICATIONS

  1. Plays and Concerts, 1984 306
  2. Theatrical Productions by Republics, 1982 307
  3. Art News, 1984 307
  4. Publication News, 1984 308
  5. Publication of Books and Brochures by Category, 1970, 1980, 1982 310
  6. Use of Languages in the USSR, 1982 311
  7. Changes in the Printings (Tirazh) of Major Literary Journals, 1981-84 311
  8. Journals and Periodical Publications in the Native Language of Republics 312
  9. Newspapers in the Native Language by Republics 313
  10. Biographies of Soviet Science-Fiction Writers 314
  11. Biographies of Soviet Authors of Children's Literature 315
  12. Journalism, 1984 317
  13. Regular Listeners to Major Stations Broadcasting to the USSR 317
  14. Television News 317
  15. Content of Nightly Programs Broadcast Over Central Television, 1983 318
  16. Film News, 1984 319
  17. Number of Films Dubbed into the Native Language, 1982 320
  18. Telephones, Total and Long-Distance 320
  19. Telephones in the USSR 320

XIV TRANSPORTATION

  1. Transportation Summary, 1984 321
  2. Growth of Transportation Arteries Compared to Freight, 1975-80 321
  3. Railway Transportation 321
  4. Road Transportation 323
  5. Allocation of Passenger Cars 324
  6. Indices of Truck Performance 325
  7. Shipping News 326
  8. Road Surface Conditions 328
  9. Traffic Accidents in Latvia, 1983 328
  10. Airline Information 328
  11. Soviet Aircraft Accidents, 1984 329
  12. Soviet Downing of Foreign Aircraft, 1946-83 330

XV RELIGION

  1. Religious News, 1984 331

XVI SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

  1. Scientific News, 1984 322
  2. Volume of Research and Development in the USSR and US by Industries, 1973, 1979 324
  3. Average Annual Growth in the Number of Scientific Workers, 1950-82 324
  4. Number of Scientific Workers in the USSR, 1950-82 335
  5. Total Number of Workers and Employees and Employment in Science and Science Services,
  6. 1950-82 335
  7. Scientific Workers in the Academy of Sciences System 337
  8. Number of Scientific Workers with Advanced Degrees by Place of Work, 1950-82 338
  9. Scientific Workers by Place of Work, 1950-82 339
  10. Scientific Workers with Advanced Degrees and Titles, 1950-82 340
  11. Percentage of Scientific Workers by Place of Work, 1962-82 342
  12. Graduate Students (Aspiranty) by Full- and Part-Time Study and by Place of Study, 1950-82 343
  13. Number of Scientific Institutions by Type, 1950-82 344
  14. Scientific Organizations in Higher Educational Institutions, 1965-882 346
  15. Soviet Scientific Societies 347

XVII SPECIAL TOPICS

  1. 1984 in Review 348
  2. Satellite Launches, 1984 359
  3. Approximate Characteristics of Soviet Space Launches 362
  4. Space Developments, 1984 364
  5. First and Second-Generation Soviet Space Stations 369
  6. Major US and USSR Space Firsts 371
  7. Economic Effects of Soviet Space Activities 374
  8. Time Line of US and Soviet Manned Space Missions, 1961-83 375
  9. Soviet Anti-Satellite (ASAT) Tests, 1968-82 376
  10. Vulnerabilities of Soviet and US Satellites 377
  11. Approximate Comparison of US and Soviet Successful Space Launches 378
  12. Annual Number of US and USSR Space Program Launches 379
  13. A Comparison of US Space Program Expenditures with Estimated Dollar Cost of USSR Space Program 379
  14. Soviet Studies Centers 380
  15. Pollution and Ecology 380
  16. Soviet Jews 381
  17. Emigration Statistics 382
  18. Tourism, 1978-80 383
  19. Tourism in the USSR, 1984 384
  20. Soviet Espionage 384
  21. Foreign Contacts 387
  22. Arrests and Sentences in the USSR, 1 Jan 1983-20 Dec 1983 387
  23. Soviet Nuclear Tests, 1984 389
  24. Soviet Studies in the US 389
  25. Sports News, 1984 390
  26. Medal Winners at the Sarajevo Winter Olympics 390
  27. Biographies of Members of the Soviet Winter Olympics Team, 1984 393
  28. Friendship Games in the USSR 398
  29. Comparisons of Times Reported at the 1984 Friendship Games in Moscow and Prague and the 23rd Olympiad in Los Angeles 398
  30. Lenin Prizes, 1984 399
  31. 1984 State Prizes for Literature, Arts and Architecture 399
  32. Obituaries, 1984 400
  33. Key Works on the Soviet Union 404

 

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