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Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual (REFFA)

(Formerly USSR Facts Figures Annual (UFFA))

REFFA/UFFA Contents

 

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UFFA Volume 10 Contents

 

I INTRODUCTION 1

II GOVERNMENT

  1. USSR Council of Ministers, Chairmen and Deputy Chairmen of the USSR Supreme Soviet, and Chairmen of Republic Councils of Ministers 13
  2. Government News, 1984 17
  3. Elections to the Supreme Soviets of the Union Republics, Autonomous Republics, and Local Councils of People's Deputies, 24 Feb 1985 17
  4. Elections to the Supreme Soviets of Union Republics, 24 Feb 1985 18
  5. Elections to the Supreme Soviets of Autonomous Republics 18
  6. Elections to Local Soviets of People's Deputies 19
  7. Deputies Elected by Categories 20
  8. Administrative-Territorial Units by Union Republics 22
  9. Decree on Drunkenness of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet 23

III FOREIGN AFFAIRS

  1. Soviet Ambassadors 25
  2. Communist Representation in Middle America as of August 7, 1984 28
  3. Communist Representation in South America as of August 7, 1984 29
  4. US-USSR Summit Meetings 30
  5. Soviet Representatives in the US, 1985 30
  6. USSR-China Agreement on Economic and Technical Cooperation (1985) 30
  7. Soviet-Chinese Cooperation Commission (1985) 31
  8. Chinese-Soviet Agreement of Scientific Cooperation (1985) 32
  9. Soviet Union, East and South Asia (map) 34

IV COMMUNIST PARTY

  1. Party News, 1985 36
  2. Oblast First Secretaries 37

V DEMOGRAPHY

  1. Demographic News, 1985 38
  2. Vital Statistics by Years 39
  3. Birth Rates by Regions, 1983 39
  4. Longevity Index by Selected Republics 39
  5. Divorces by Major Cities, 1982 39
  6. Deaths Per 1,000 Population, 1940-83, Selected Years 40

VI ARMED FORCES

  1. Leading Personnel in the USSR Ministry of Defense 41
  2. Missile Developments, 1985 43
  3. Changes in Structure of Soviet Triad 44
  4. US-Soviet Strategic Arms: Modernity Compared 45
  5. US and Soviet Quantitative Superiorities, 1 Jan 1980, 1985 46
  6. Soviet Count of SSBNs Launchers and Warheads, 1960-84 48
  7. US and Soviet Strategic Nuclear Postures Declaratory Doctrines and Forces 48
  8. Strategic Offensive Recapitulation 50
  9. Ground Forces, Armor and Other Developments, 1985 52
  10. Maneuvers, 1985 54
  11. Division Characteristics 55
  12. NATO/Warsaw Pact TNF Recapitulation, 1 Jan 1985 56
  13. Soviet Ground Combat System Characteristics 58
  14. Major Warsaw Pact Maneuvers, 1975-83 59
  15. Afghanistan 60
  16. Lasers and Space Weapons 62
  17. Ballistic-Missile Radar 63
  18. Ballistic Missile Early Warning, Target Tracking, and Battle Management 64
  19. Air Force and Air Defense Force Developments, 1985 65
  20. Interceptors and Surveillance Aircraft 66
  21. Naval Developments, 1985 68
  22. Soviet Warship Port Visits, 1985 69
  23. Weapons Production Rates, 1980-84 70
  24. Key Estimated Direct and Indirect Soviet Deliveries to Military Procurement by Key Industries, 1982 71
  25. Linkage of Soviet Systems with Technology Targets 72
  26. Average Annual Growth Rates of Soviet Defense Expenditures 74
  27. Key Western Technology Targets of the Soviet Military 74
  28. Military Significance of Soviet Attempts to Acquire Western Technology in 79 Cases 75

VII ECONOMY

  1. Economic News, 1985 76
  2. USSR: Percent Distribution of Gross National Product at Factor Cost by End Use 80
  3. USSR: Growth of Gross National Product at Factor Cost, by End Use 80
  4. USSR: Gross Fixed Capital Investment, by Function and by Sector 81
  5. USSR: Aggregate Factor Productivity 82
  6. USSR: Industrial Factor Productivity 83
  7. USSR: Industrial Production, by Branch of Industry 84
  8. Major Indices of 1986 Plan 85
  9. Summary of the 1985 Draft of the Economic and Social Guidelines for 1986-90 and Through the Year 2000 85
  10. Major Indices of Performance, 1985 88
  11. A Comparison of Major Commodities Produced by Quarters, 1984 and 1985 88
  12. Average Annual Percentage Growth in New Fixed Investment, 1981-85 89
  13. USSR: Growth of Industrial Output 89
  14. Growth of Industrial Output in Territorial-Production Complexes, 1981-84 90
  15. Percentage Increases of Industrial Production and Labor Productivity, 1985 90
  16. Average Annual Rates of GNP Growth 90
  17. Industrial Production in Physical Terms by Quarters, 1985 90
  18. Summary of the Comprehensive Program for the Development of Consumer Goods, 1986-2000 92
  19. Estimated Value of Alcoholic Beverages Sold Through the Retail Trade Network 96

VIII ENERGY

  1. Energy Developments, 1985 97
  2. Nuclear Power Developments, 1985 97
  3. Oil Developments, 1985 98
  4. Imports of Soviet Oil by Eastern Europe, 1983 102
  5. Western and Soviet Oil Reserve Classifications 103
  6. Growth in the Production of Oil in Kazakhstan 104
  7. USSR: Oil and Natural Gas Production/Apparent Consumption 105
  8. USSR: Regional Production of Crude Oil 106
  9. USSR: Regional Production of Natural Gas 106
  10. USSR: Imports of Oil 107
  11. Eastern Europe: Oil Production and Consumption 107
  12. USSR: Exports of Oil 108
  13. USSR: Natural Gas Trade 109
  14. Gas Developments, 1985 110
  15. Drilling for Oil and Gas 111
  16. Length of Pipeline Network, Volume of Oil and Gas Transported by Pipeline, and Production 112
  17. Coal Developments, 1985 113
  18. Metallurgical or Coking Coal Production by Basin 113
  19. Coal Production by Basin 114
  20. Thermal and Hydroelectric Power Developments, 1985 115
  21. Solar Power 116
  22. Production of Electricity by Republics, 1984 116
  23. Fuel as a Percentage of Soviet Exports, 1980-83 117
  24. Thermal Power Plants 1,000 MW or Larger, 1 Jan 1984 118
  25. Principal Hydroelectric Power Stations, 1984 120

IX INDUSTRIES

  1. Capital Investment by Branches of Industry 124
  2. Capital Investment in Plants, 1980-83 125
  3. Computer News 125
  4. Iron and Steel Industries 126
  5. Aluminum Industry 126
  6. Machine-Building Industry 127
  7. Machine Tools Produced with Numerically-Programmed Controls 127
  8. Percentage of Gross Output of State and Cooperative Industry by Branches 128
  9. Ranking of Republics by Growth of Industrial Production, the Means of Production ("A"), and the Production of Consumer Goods ("B"), 1970-83 128
  10. Growth of the Chemical and Petrochemical Industries, 1950-83 129
  11. Chemical and Petrochemical Industry News 130
  12. Chromite Production and Exports 130
  13. Technological Balance 130
  14. Evacuation of Plants, Jul-Dec 1941 133

X AGRICULTURE

  1. Agricultural News, 1985 134
  2. Agricultural Summary, 1985 137
  3. Deliveries of Mineral Fertilizer to Agriculture, USSR, by Types, 1940-83 138
  4. Production of Fodder Crops, 1960-1983 138
  5. Development of the Non-Black-Earth Zone of the RSFSR, 1976-84, 1986-90 139
  6. USSR Grain Area, Yield, and Production 1975-1980, 1981-1983 (Preliminary), 1984 (Estimate) and 1985 (Forecast) 140
  7. Comparison of Arable Land in the USSR and the US 141
  8. Average Monthly Wage at Sovkhozy (State Farms), Kolkhozy (Collective Farms), and Industry (rubles) 141
  9. Collective Farm Investment, Loans, and Debts, 1965-83 142
  10. Annual Average Number of Attached Workers from Other Enterprises and Organizations, 1950-83 142
  11. Production of the Food Sectors of the Agro-Industrial Complex, 1985 143
  12. USSR Wheat Imports 143
  13. USSR Coarse Grain Imports 144
  14. US-USSR Grain Trade, 1976-77-1984/85 144
  15. USSR Agricultural Trade, 1981-83 145
  16. Fishing News, 1985 148
  17. Timber Developments 148

XI FOREIGN TRADE AND AID

  1. Trade and Aid Developments, 1985 149
  2. Soviet Exports 151
  3. Soviet Imports 152
  4. Soviet Foreign Trade by Groups of Countries 153
  5. Soviet Foreign Trade by Countries 153
  6. Structure of Soviet Trade, 1983-84 159
  7. Percentage of Soviet Trade by Groups of Countries 159
  8. USSR: Hard Currency Trade, by Commodity 160
  9. USSR: Hard Currency Trade with Non-Communist Countries, 1983-84 161
  10. USSR: Hard Currency Balance of Payments 162
  11. USSR: Hard Currency Debt to the West 162
  12. Distribution of Foreign Trade by CMEA Countries, 1983 163
  13. Percentage of Total CMEA Trade by Members 164
  14. Soviet-Afghan Trade, 1978-84 165
  15. Soviet Trade with India by Major Commodities, 1960-84 166
  16. Soviet Trade with Nicaragua by Major Products, 1980-84 167
  17. Number of Soviet Trade Representatives Abroad 167
  18. Exports of Non-Metallics 168
  19. Value and Volume of Soviet Exports of Vodka to the US, 1978-83 169
  20. Soviet Iron-Ore Exports, 1960-83 170
  21. Communist Economic Aid to Less Developed Countries, Extensions and Drawings 171
  22. Communist Military Aid to Less Developed Countries, Extensions and Drawings 172
  23. Soviet Economic Aid Extended to Communist Countries 172
  24. USSR: Economic Assistance to Cuba 173
  25. Soviet Economic Aid Extended to Less Developed Countries, by Recipient 174
  26. Soviet Aid Developments 175
  27. Soviet Economic Aid by Countries, 1985 176
  28. Soviet Military Aid by Countries, 1985 178
  29. Soviet Military Deliveries to Cuba 181
  30. Soviet-Bloc Military Deliveries to Nicaragua 182
  31. Deliveries to Nicaragua 182
  32. Arms Exports Market Share, 1963-84 183
  33. Value of Arms Transfers, Cumulative 1979-83, by Major Supplier and Recipient Country 184
  34. Number of Arms Delivered, Cumulative 1979-83, by Selected Supplier, Recipient Developing Region, and Major Weapon Type 194
  35. Military Personnel from the Less Developed Countries Trained in Communist Countries, 1955-84 202
  36. Military Personnel from the Less Developed Countries Trained in Communist Countries, 1984 203
  37. Communist Economic and Military Technicians in Less Developed Countries, by Country, 1984 204
  38. Academic, Technical, and Military Trainees Departing from Less Developed Countries for Training in Communist Countries, by Area of Destination 206
  39. Conventional Arms Transfers to the Third World, 1977-84 207
  40. Conventional Arms Transfer Agreements with the Third World, 1977-84 219
  41. Conventional Arms Deliveries to the Third World, 1977-84 225
  42. Soviet Arms Agreements and Deliveries, 1977-1984, Current Dollars 227
  43. Soviet Arms Agreements and Deliveries, 1977-1984, Constant Dollars 228

XII SCIENCE

  1. Developments in Science, 1985 229
  2. Soviet Earth-Science Institutions 231
  3. Research and Development 232
  4. Total Number of Discoveries Entered into the State Register of Discoveries of the USSR 235
  5. Index of International Cooperative Research, US and USSR, 1973-80 236
  6. Percentage of Jews Among Scientific Workers, 1950-75 236
  7. First Degrees Conferred by Higher Educational Institutions by Major Fields, US and USSR, 1960-80 237
  8. US Use of Other Nations' Research Literature Compared to All Foreign Usage by Field, 1973, 1980 238

XIII TRANSPORTATION

  1. Transportation News, 1985 240
  2. Transportation Summary, 1985 241
  3. Growth Rates in Transportation During the 12th Five Year Plan, 1986-90 241
  4. Percentage of Total Freight Turnover by Types of Transportation 241
  5. Average Length of Haul by Type of Transportation 242
  6. Traffic Accidents in Belorussia 242
  7. Railway Developments, 1985 242
  8. Map of the Baikal-Amur Mainline and the Trans-Siberian Railway 244
  9. Operational Railway Lines in the USSR by Republics, 1975, 1980-83 245
  10. Hard-Surfaced Road Construction, by Republics 245
  11. Length of Operational Railway Lines Built, by Republics 245
  12. Shipping News, 1985 246
  13. Composition of US and Soviet Merchant Marines 247
  14. River Freight by Republics, 1980, 1983 248
  15. Airline News, 1985 248
  16. Soviet Aircraft Accidents, 1985 249
  17. Ruslan AN-124 Transport Plane 249
  18. Moscow Metro 250

XIV CULTURE AND COMMUNICATIONS

  1. Cultural Developments, 1985 251
  2. Soviet Cultural Exchanges with the West, 1975-84 252
  3. Art News, 1985 257
  4. Major Russian Art Exhibits, 1985-87 258
  5. Soviet Television, 1985 259
  6. Soviet Television Programming, 20 May 1985 260
  7. Concerts Organized by the State Philharmonic of Various Republics, 1982 261
  8. Concerts 261
  9. Soviet Television Exchanges with the West, 1975-84 261
  10. Films, 1985 263
  11. Publishing News, 1985 265
  12. Journalism 266
  13. Telephones 266

XV HEALTH, EDUCATION AND WELFARE

  1. Medical Developments, 1985 267
  2. HEW Summary, 1985 269
  3. Medical Personnel and Facilities by Cities, 1983 270
  4. Alcoholism in Estonia 272
  5. Educational Developments, 1985 272
  6. Percentage of Women in Institutions of Higher Learning and Specialized Secondary Schools 273
  7. Components of Budgetary Expenditures on Education 274
  8. Housing 274
  9. Housing by Major Cities 275
  10. Amenities in Urban Housing, 1970-83 276
  11. Estimated Average Monthly Rents for Apartments, Including Utilities, 1983 276
  12. Capital Investment of the Soviet Population in the Construction of Their Own Homes and Apartments 276
  13. Summary of State Council, Central Committee, and Trade Union Resolution "On Priority Measures to Improve the Material Welfare of Badly-Off Pensioners and Families and to Step Up Care for Single Citizens" 276
  14. Annual Growth of Per Capita Consumption, 1971-83 278
  15. Per-Capita Consumption of Selected Foods, 1985 279
  16. Satisfaction of Consumer Needs by Local Production in Kazakhstan, 1979 279
  17. Security in Savings Accounts, 1940-84 279

XVI GUIDE TO OBLASTS, KRAIS, AND ASSRS IN THE RUSSIAN REPUBLIC (RSFSR) By John L. Scherer

  1. USSR Administrative Divisions (Map) 280
  2. Guide to Oblasts in the Russian Republic (RSFSR) 282
  3. Guide to Krais in the Russian Republic (RSFSR) 294
  4. Guide to Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics in the Russian Republic (RSFSR) 297

XVII SPECIAL TOPICS

  1. 1985 in Review 307
  2. Satellite Launches, 1985 321
  3. Space Developments, 1985 323
  4. World-Wide Record of Known Space Launch Failures 328
  5. World-Wide Record of Payloads Successfully Launched 330
  6. Potential Soviet-American Cooperation in Space 332
  7. Human Rights Developments 333
  8. Jewish Emigration from the Soviet Union by Month, 1985 334
  9. Jewish Emigration from the Soviet Union, 1971-84 334
  10. Soviet Emigration to the United States, 1970-83 334
  11. Soviet Emigrants to the Federal Republic of Germany, 1968-84 335
  12. Ethnic German Emigration from the USSR, 1971-84 335
  13. Soviet Crackdown on Jewish Cultural Activists 336
  14. Religious News 337
  15. Helsinki International Meetings--Past and Projected 337
  16. Tourism 339
  17. Tourist Visas, 1970-83 339
  18. Tourism, 1985 340
  19. Soviet Espionage 340
  20. Summary of Results of the Soviet VPK Program to Acquire Western Technology, Late 1970s and Early 1980s 346
  21. Ranking 350
  22. Environment and Ecology 351
  23. Water Projects 352
  24. Crime, 1985 354
  25. Most Popular Sports in the USSR 354
  26. Sports Facilities, 1983 354
  27. Numbers of Nuclear Explosions 355
  28. Soviet Nuclear Tests, 1985 355
  29. Nuclear Tests, 1984 356
  30. International Exhibitions in the USSR, 1984 356
  31. Obituaries, 1985 357
  32. Key Works on the Soviet Union 360

 

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