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Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual (REFFA)

(Formerly USSR Facts Figures Annual (UFFA))

Edited by Theodore Karasik

REFFA/UFFA Contents

 

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UFFA Volume 17 Contents

CONTENTS

ABBREVIATIONS OF TERMS xiv

ABBREVIATIONS OF SOURCES xv

PREFACE xvii

INTRODUCTION xviii

I BASIC DATA

  1. Map 1
  2. Basic Information 2
  3. Key Economic Indicators, 1986-1988 4
  4. Economic Profile, 1989 6
  5. Production of Commodities, US and USSR, 1960-1989 7
  6. Basic Indices of Social and Economic Development, 1980-1988 13
  7. Basic Indices of Social and Economic Development, 1980-1988 13
  8. Basic Indices of Plan Fulfillment, 1985-1988 14
  9. Basic Indicators of Development of Health Services, 1970-1988 15
  10. Basic Indicators of Services, 1970-1988 15
  11. Basic Indicators of Industrial Development, 1970-1988 16
  12. Indicators of Technological Level of Production, 1970-1988 16
  13. Basic Indices of Capital Construction in Branches of AIC, 1976/80-1986/88 18
  14. Basic Indicators of Collective Farm Development, 1970-1988 19
  15. Basic Indicators of State Farm Development, 1970-1988 21
  16. Basic Indicators in Subsidiary Agricultural Farms of Enterprises, Organizations and Institutions, 1986-1988 21
  17. Basic Indicators of Industrial Enterprises in AIC, 1986-1987 22
  18. Basic Indicators of Agricultural Construction Organizations, 1986-1988 22
  19. Basic Indicators of Communications, 1970-1988 22
  20. Basic Indices of Capital Construction, 1971/75-1986/88 23
  21. Growth of Gross National Product, by Sector of Origin, 1961-1989 24
  22. Share of Gross National Product, by Sector of Origin, 1960-1989 24
  23. Growth of Gross National Product at Factor Cost, by End Use, 1961-1989 25
  24. Percent Distribution of Gross National Product at Factor Cost, by End Use, 1960-1989 25
  25. Aggregate Factor Productivity, 1962-1989 26
  26. Industrial Factor Productivity, 1962-1989 26
  27. Industrial Production by Branch of Industry, 1961-1989 27
  28. Growth of Per Capita Consumption, 1961-1989 28
  29. Per Capita Statistics on Selected Consumer Goods, 1965-1989 28

II GOVERNMENT

  1. Government Chronology, 1991 29
  2. USSR Council of Ministers, Jan 1991 38
  3. USSR Government Agencies, 1991 38
  4. Comparative Strength of USSR All-Union Ministries, 1988 38
  5. Union Ministry Monthly Salaries, 1990 39
  6. USSR Supreme Soviet, 18 Months' Activity, 1989-1990 40
  7. Size of USSR Supreme Soviet Groups, 1991 40
  8. USSR Supreme Soviet Deputies who Combine Government and Other Work, 1990 40
  9. Pre-Coup Soviet Leadership, Aug 1991 41
  10. Interim USSR Government, Nov 1991
  11. Committee for the Operational Management of the USSR National Economy, Sep 1991 46
  12. USSR President's Business Council, Sep 1991 47

III POLITICAL PARTIES

  1. Political Parties Chronology, 1991 48
  2. Implementation of the 1990 CPSU Budget 53
  3. Communist Party of the Soviet Union 1991 Budget 54
  4. CPSU Financing of Foreign Firms and Associations, 1991 56
  5. Members of Republican Communist Party Organizations, Oct 1989 56
  6. Ukrainian Communists by Occupation, 1990-1991 57
  7. Ukrainian Communists by Education, Jan 1991 57
  8. Ukrainian Communists by Age, Jan 1991 57
  9. Ukrainian Communists by Economic Branches, Jan 1991 57
  10. Ukrainian Communists by Nationality, Jan 1991 58
  11. Ukrainian Party Organizations, 1990-1991 58
  12. Membership of Political Parties, Dec 1990 59
  13. Top 16 Soviet Political Parties or Organizations, 1991 59

IV INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

  1. International Relations Chronology, 1991 60
  2. Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Baltic States and Former Soviet Republics, Dec 1991 66

V ARMED FORCES

  1. Armed Forces Chronology, 1991 67
  2. Ministry of Defense (Pre-Coup), Aug 1991 78
  3. Post-Coup Military Leadership, 15 Dec 1991 78
  4. Losses in Afghanistan, 1979-1989 80
  5. Casualties by Age in Afghanistan, 1979-1989 80
  6. Soldiers Killed in Afghanistan by Nationality, 1979-1989 80
  7. Soviet Armed Forces by Military Theater of Operation (TVD), 1990 81
  8. Estimated Soviet Defense Expenditures, 1990 as a Percentage of 1989 83
  9. Comparison of US-Estimated Soviet Defense Expenditures and Official Soviet Defense Budgets, 1990 83
  10. Distribution of Defense Spending, USSR and US, 1990 84
  11. Reduction of USSR Arms in Europe, 1990 84
  12. Projected Annual Defense Expenditures of Soviet Union 84
  13. Expenditures Planned for 1991 for Mandatory and Volunteer Armed Forces 85
  14. Soviet Defense Spending in 1989 86
  15. Dynamics of Soviet Union's Expenditures, FY 1989, 1990, 1991 86
  16. Defense Complex in Structure of National Economy, 1990 86
  17. Operational Satellites in Orbit, USSR and US, 1957-July 1991 88
  18. Space Launches, USSR and US, 1957-1 July 1991 88
  19. Ballistic Missile Early Warning, Target-Tracking, and Battle Management, 1991 89
  20. Soviet and US ICBM Launcher and Reentry Vehicle (RV) Deployment, 1981-1991 90
  21. Soviet and US SLBM Launcher and Reentry Vehicle (RV) Deployment, 1981-1991 90
  22. Deployed US-USSR Nuclear Forces, 1991 91
  23. Technological Level in Deployed USSR and US Military Systems, Sep 1991 92
  24. Soviet-US Strategic Offensive Forces, Sep 1991 93
  25. Soviet Attack Submarines, Sep 1991 94
  26. Surface Ships, USSR and US, Sep 1991 95
  27. Strike Aircraft, USSR and US, Sep 1991 97
  28. Selected Tactical Aircraft, USSR and US, Sep 1991 97
  29. Air Defense Interceptor Aircraft, USSR and North America, Sep 1991 98
  30. Tactical Surface-to-Air Missiles, USSR and US, Sep 1991 98
  31. Long-Range Cruise Missiles, Soviet and US, Sep 1991 99
  32. Selected Combat and Support Helicopters, Soviet and US, Sep 1991 100
  33. Aircraft Production, USSR and US, 1988-1990 101
  34. Naval Ship Production, USSR and US, 1988-1990 101
  35. Ground Forces Materiel Production, USSR and US, 1988-1990 101
  36. Missile Production, USSR and US, 1988-1990 102
  37. Military Production, USSR and US, 1981-1990 102
  38. Location of USSR Strategic Forces in Republics, Sep 1991 103
  39. Apparent Location of the Former USSR's Nuclear Weapons, Late 1991 104
  40. Location of USSR General Purpose Forces in Republics, Sep 1990 104
  41. Estimated USSR Tanks and Divisions by Republic after CFE Treaty, 1991 105
  42. Draft Fulfillment in the USSR, 1990 106
  43. Changes in Offensive Warheads, 1972-Sep 1991 106
  44. US and USSR Nuclear Arsenals Before and After the Start Treaty, 1991 106
  45. Costs of Start Inspections, US and USSR, 1991 107
  46. Impact of CFE Treaty Reductions, 1991 107
  47. Weapons and Equipment Delivered by Major Suppliers and Received by Developing Regions (Countries), 1983-1990 108
  48. Arms Deliveries to Developing Countries, 1983-1990 109

VI POPULATION, HEALTH AND WELFARE

  1. Population, Health and Welfare Chronology, 1991 110
  2. Population by Republic, 1989-1991 111
  3. USSR Population, 1970-1990 111
  4. USSR Urban and Rural Population, 1970-1989 112
  5. USSR Components of Natural Increase in Population, 1970-1989
  6. USSR Population by Age and Sex, 1970-1989 113
  7. USSR Population Growth Estimates, 1991-2015 114
  8. "Parasites" and "Vagrants" by Republic, 1988-1989 114
  9. Cities of Siberia, 1897-1989 115
  10. Siberian Urban Agglomerations, 1959-1989 124
  11. Emigration by Republic, 1987-1989 129
  12. USSR Emigration by Destination, 1990 130
  13. USSR Total and Age-Specific Fertility Rates, 1969-1989 130
  14. Births by Mothers' Marital Status, 1945-1988 131
  15. Percentage of Illegitimate Births, Urban and Rural, 1950-1988 131
  16. USSR Life Expectancy at Birth, 1969-1988 132
  17. USSR Marriages and Divorces, 1970-1989 132
  18. USSR Infant Mortality, 1970-1989 132
  19. USSR Abortions, 1975-1989 133
  20. USSR Birth/Death Rate, 1980-1990 133
  21. USSR Death Rates by Age and Sex, 1970-1989 133
  22. Infant Mortality, Urban and Rural, 1950-1986 134
  23. Age Distribution of Infant Deaths as Function of Infant Mortality Rate, by Republic, 1986 134
  24. USSR Deaths and Death Rates by Selected Causes, 1970-1989 135
  25. Tumors and Goiter in Gomel Oblast, 1981-1989 136
  26. USSR Average Weekly Hours Worked, 1970-1989 136
  27. USSR Retirement (Old-Age Pensioners), 1970-1988 136
  28. USSR Physicians, Nurses, Dentists, 1970-1989 137
  29. USSR Hospital Beds, 1970-1989 137
  30. USSR Average Length of Hospital Stay, 1975-1989 137
  31. Moscow Health Care Budget, 1990-1991 137
  32. Production Injuries, 1988-1990 138
  33. Production Injuries in Union Republics, 1990 138
  34. USSR Housing Units Completed, 1975-1989 138
  35. USSR Characteristics of Housing Units, 1980-1989 139
  36. All-Union Construction Statistics, 1987-1990 139
  37. Comparison of Percent of Total Capital Invested in Housing Starts, 1980-1988 140
  38. USSR Population Income and Expenditures, Jan-Apr 1991 140
  39. Soviet Miners' Income Growth Rates, 1986-1990 141
  40. Comparison of USSR GNP and Salaries with Other Nations, 1989 141

VII ECONOMY

  1. Economic Affairs Chronology, 1991 142
  2. GNP, Soviet Union and Republics, 1989 151
  3. Comparative USSR Consumer Spending, 1988 151
  4. Soviet Productivity, by Factor, 1975-1990 152
  5. Russia's Gross Domestic Product, 1985-1991 152
  6. USSR National Economic Growth, 1988-1990 153
  7. Aid Pledged to USSR Since Sep 1990 153
  8. Selected Economic Indicators, by Republics, 1989 154
  9. Estimated Real GNP of CPEs, 1960-1989 155
  10. GNP by End Use, USSR and US, 1988-1989 155
  11. Growth of Real GNP of CPEs, 1961-1989 156
  12. Growth of Real GNP Per Capita of CPEs, 1961-1989 156
  13. Growth of GNP by Sector of Origin, 1961-1989 157
  14. Labor Force of CPEs, 1960-1989 157
  15. Nonagricultural Labor Force of CPEs, 1960-1989 158
  16. Share of GNP by Sector of Origin, 1960-1989 158
  17. Growth of GNP at Factor Cost by End Use, 1961-1989 159
  18. Distribution of GNP at Factor Cost by End Use, 1960-1989 159
  19. Aggregate Factor Productivity, 1962-1989 160
  20. Growth of Per Capita Consumption, 1961-1989 160
  21. Selected Consumer Goods Per Capita, 1965-1989 161
  22. Results of Soviet Union Economic Performance, 1990 162
  23. USSR Economy, Jan-Sep 1991. Report of the USSR State Committee for Statistics 162
  24. Union Budget, Income and Expenditure, Jan-Mar 1991 178
  25. Proportion of Union Republics' Budgets in the USSR State Budget, 1971-1991 179
  26. Soviet Economic Complexes and Output, 1990 179
  27. USSR Employment, 1970-1989 179
  28. USSR Employment by Industry, 1970-1989 180
  29. Employment Applicants, Jan-Jun 1990 181
  30. Unemployment and Unfilled Jobs in Republics, Jul 1990 182
  31. USSR Employment of Women by Branch of Economy, 1970-1989 183
  32. USSR Personal Money Income Accelerator Growth, 1988-1990 184
  33. Distribution of Manpower Among Economic Sectors, First Quarter 1990-1991 185
  34. Wage Rate Computation, 1991 185
  35. Monthly Rates and Means for Retaining State Ratios, 1990 185
  36. Worker's Minimum Budget, 1991 Prices 186
  37. Services and Income in the USSR, 1986-1990 186
  38. Moscow Prices, 1991 186
  39. Soviet Wholesale and Retail Prices, Jan 1990-Apr 1991 187
  40. Soviet-US Price Comparisons, 10 Oct 1991 187
  41. Soviet-US Price Comparisons, 14 Dec 1991 188
  42. Average Prices for Agricultural Products, 1990 189
  43. Cost Estimate of Individual Worker's "Consumer Market Basket" in New Prices, 1991 189
  44. Cost Estimate of Individual Worker's Nonfood "Consumer Market Basket" in New Prices, 1991 191
  45. Ukrainian Price Adjustments, Apr-Sep 1991 194
  46. Moscow Food Prices, 1991 197
  47. Black Market Prices for Food and Non-Food Items, 1990 197
  48. Black Market Prices for Individual Types of Goods, Cultural and Household Articles, Fall 1990 199
  49. Black Market Prices for Individual Types of Goods, Furniture, Fall 1990 200
  50. Production Quotas and Distribution, 1991 201
  51. After-Tax Profit Distribution in Consumer Cooperative System, 1985-1988 203
  52. Composition and Sources of Consumer Cooperative Resources, 1985-1989 203
  53. Factors Restraining Development of Cooperatives in 1989 204
  54. Indicators for Construction of Cooperatives by Republic, 1990 205
  55. Interrepublican Trade Balances, Aug 1991 205
  56. Republican Exports as a Percentage of Net Material Product, 1991 205
  57. Estimated Soviet Production Losses as Republics Depart, 1991 206
  58. Consequences of Baltic, Georgian and Moldavian Non-Participation in Economic Union, 1991 206
  59. Indexes of Prices and Tariffs for Paid Services by Union Republics 206
  60. Soviet Productive Capital Stock by Republic, 1989 207
  61. Central Asian Republics' Foodstuff Consumption, 1989 207
  62. Official Soviet Statistics on National Income and Industrial Output by Republic, 1990 208
  63. Central Asian Republics' Level of Self-Sufficiency, 1991 209
  64. Comparison of USSR and Azerbaijan Economic Indicators, Jan-Jun 1991 209
  65. Belorus Budget, 1991 209
  66. Percent Drop in Estonian Industrial Production, First Qrtr 1991 210
  67. Estonian Interrepublican Trade, 1990 210
  68. Kyrgyz Poverty Line, 1991 211
  69. Russian Federation Economic Statistics, 1990 211
  70. Russian Federation Economic Performance Indicators, First Qrtr 1991 212
  71. Russian Federation Fixed Capital, Early 1990 213
  72. Russian Federation Income, 1990-1991 214
  73. Russian Federation Production of Foodstuffs and Non-Foodstuffs, 1990 214
  74. Leningrad Foodstuffs and Non-Foodstuffs, 1990-1991 215
  75. Percentage of Tadzhik Tax Revenues Allocated to Local Budgets, 1991 216
  76. Turkmenistan Economic Statistics, Jan-Jul 1991 216
  77. Turkmen Governmental Outlays, 1991 217
  78. Turkmen Revenues and Outlays by Oblasts, Cities and Rayons, 1991 217
  79. Ukrainian Budget, 1991 218
  80. Ukrainian Enterprises by Oblast, Feb 1991 219
  81. Ukrainian SSR Exports, 1990 220
  82. Ukrainian Economic Sector GSP and National Revenue, 1985-1989 220
  83. National Wealth of the Ukrainian SSR, 1 Jan 1990 220
  84. Ukrainian-Russian Federation Quality of Life Comparison, 1990 220
  85. Basic Ukrainian Macroeconomic Indicators, 1966-1989 221
  86. Lvov Oblast Economic Statistics, Jan-Jul 1991 221
  87. Uzbek Oblast Autonomous Soviet Budgets, 1991 222

VIII FINANCE

  1. Growth of the Soviet Budget Deficit, 1985-1991 223
  2. Growth of the Soviet Money Supply, 1960-1990 223
  3. USSR Savings Bank Deposits for 1990 223
  4. USSR Savings Bank Survey of Deposit Amounts, Jan 1991 224
  5. Balance Sheet of the USSR State Bank, 1 Jan 1991 225
  6. USSR National Gold Reserve, 1953-1992 225
  7. Republican Gold Consumption 226
  8. Republican Gold Production 226
  9. Fifty Largest Soviet Banks, Jun 1991 226
  10. Participation of Commercial Banks in Purchase of Property for Leasing by Republic 1990-Apr 1991 227
  11. Participation of Banks in Purchase of Property for Leasing 228
  12. USSR Savings Bank Network, 1986-1991 228
  13. Soviet Foreign Exchange Rates, 6 Nov 1991 228
  14. Lithuanian Exchange Rates After Independence, Sep 1991 228
  15. Estonian Exchange Rates After Independence, Sep 1991 229

IX ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT

  1. Energy and Environment Chronology, 1991 230
  2. USSR Energy Supply and Disposition, 1980-1989 232
  3. USSR Energy Production and Trade, 1985-1990 233
  4. USSR Domestic and World Energy Prices, 1990-1991 234
  5. Oil Production in the USSR, 1940-1989 234
  6. Gas Production in the USSR, 1940-1989 235
  7. Stratigraphic Distribution of Soviet Reserves, 1989 235
  8. Oil Balance, 1980-1989 235
  9. Oil Regions, 1990 236
  10. Possible Oil Developments off Sakhalin, 1991 237
  11. USSR Crude Oil Production by Republic, 1970-1989 237
  12. USSR Oil and Gas Wells Completed and Drilling, 1970-1989 238
  13. USSR Regional Production of Crude Oil, 1976-1980 239
  14. USSR Imports of Oil, 1977-1990 239
  15. Oil and Natural Gas Production/Apparent Consumption, 1975-1991 240
  16. Oil Production and Trade, 1970-1989 240
  17. World Crude Oil Production Excluding Natural Gas Liquids, 1988-1990 241
  18. Major Gas Regions and Selected Gasfields, 1990 242
  19. USSR Natural Gas Production, 1970-1989 243
  20. Natural Gas Production and Trade, 1970-1989 243
  21. Natural Gas Trade, 1977-1990 244
  22. Major Coal-Producing Basins, 1990 245
  23. Coal Production and Trade, 1970-1989 246
  24. Coal Production by Type of Coal and Mining, 1970-1988 246
  25. World Coal Reserves, 1 Jan 1989 246
  26. USSR Coal Production by Republic, 1970-1989 247
  27. Comparative Energy Statistics, US and USSR, 1987 247
  28. Electricity Production by Source, 1970-1989 247
  29. Electricity Production by Source, 1970-1989 248
  30. Electricity Consumption, 1970-1988 248
  31. Major Soviet Electric Power Plants, 1990 249
  32. USSR Electricity Production and Capacity, 1970-1989 250
  33. USSR Length of Overhead Transmission Power Lines, 1970-1989 250
  34. USSR Emissions of Pollutants into the Atmosphere, 1989 251
  35. Destruction and Loss of Forests from Harmful Emissions, 1990 251
  36. Nuclear Reactor Stoppages and Breakdowns, Jan 1990-Jan 1991 251
  37. CPE Energy Statistics 252

X INDUSTRY

  1. Soviet Chemical and Wood Production, 1990 253
  2. Soviet Machine Building Production, 1990 253
  3. Soviet Consumer Goods Production, 1990 253
  4. Soviet Construction Industry Materials Production, 1990 254
  5. Soviet Electrical Equipment Fires, 1990 254
  6. USSR Number of Appliances, 1980-1989 255
  7. USSR Production of Iron Ore, 1970-1989 255
  8. USSR Production of Steel, Pig Iron, and Ferroalloys, 1970-1989 256
  9. USSR Production of Rolled Ferrous Metal by Product, 1970-1989 256
  10. USSR Production of Machine Tools, 1970-1989 256
  11. USSR Production of Industrial Robots, 1970-1989 257
  12. USSR Production of Motor Vehicles, 1970-1989 258
  13. USSR Production of Farm Machinery, 1970-1989 258
  14. USSR Production of Selected Consumer Products, 1970-1989 258
  15. USSR Production of Personal Computers, 1980-1989 258
  16. USSR Production of Fertilizer, 1970-1989 259
  17. USSR Production of Basic Organic Synthesis Products, 1970-1989 259
  18. USSR Production of Synthetic Resins and Plastics, 1970-1989 259
  19. USSR Production of Selected Chemicals, 1970-1989 260
  20. USSR Production of Plant Protection Agents, 1970-1989 261
  21. USSR Production of Synthetic Dyes, 1970-1989 261
  22. USSR Production of Chemical Fibers, 1970-1989 261
  23. USSR Production of Tires, 1970-1989 262
  24. USSR Production of Timber and Paper Products, 1970-1989 262
  25. USSR Production of Cement, Sand, and Gravel, 1970-1989 262
  26. Soviet Far East Forests and Yield, 1989 263
  27. USSR Production of Clothing and Shoes, 1970-1989 265
  28. Soviet Fabric Production, 1986-1990 265
  29. USSR Production of Tobacco Products, 1970-1989 265
  30. Soviet Far East Fishing Industry, 1990 266
  31. USSR Production of Alcoholic Beverages, 1970-1989 266
  32. Interrepublican Trade Balances, 1991 267
  33. Central Asian and Azerbaijani Cotton Output, 1991 268
  34. Belorus Interrepublic Trade, 1990 268
  35. Belorus Interrepublic Trade in Manufactured Goods, 1990 269
  36. Georgian Interrepublic Trade, 1990 269
  37. Georgian Interrepublic Trade, Manufactured Goods, 1990 270
  38. Kazakhstan Industrial and Technical Goods Export/Import, 1990 270
  39. Kazakhstan Consumer Goods Export/Import, 1990 271
  40. Russian Interrepublican Trade at World Prices, 1991 271
  41. Russian Goods Subject to Export Quotes, 1991 272
  42. Russian Goods and Services Exported Under License, 1991 279
  43. Russian Goods and Services Imported Under License, 1991 279
  44. Ukrainian Interrepublic Trade, 1990 280
  45. Ukrainian Interrepublic Trade for Manufactured Goods, 1990 280
  46. Ukrainian Industry Compared to other Countries, 1985-1988 281
  47. Ukrainian Per Capita Production Compared, 1988 281
  48. Expenditures for New Technology in USSR and UkSSR, 1971-1989 282
  49. Effectiveness of News Technology in USSR and UkSSR, 1976-1989 282
  50. UkSSR Production Machinery Ten Years and Older, 1983-1988 282
  51. Growth of Ukrainian Capital Investment, 1990 283
  52. CPE Industrial Data 283

XI AGRICULTURE

  1. Soviet Agro-Industrial Production, 1981-1990 284
  2. Livestock Production, 1981-1989 284
  3. Scientific Production and Agricultural Systems, 1988-1990 284
  4. Soviet Grain Yields, 1991 285
  5. Family Size and Average Per Capita Income, 1990 285
  6. USSR Milk Production, 1970-1989 285
  7. USSR Farm Machinery, 1970-1988 286
  8. USSR Livestock and Poultry, 1986-1991 286
  9. Growth in Output of USSR Private Farms, 1985-1990 286
  10. USSR Private Farm Share of Agricultural Production, 1990 286
  11. USSR Fruit Production, 1970-1989 286
  12. USSR Vegetable Production, 1970-1989 287
  13. USSR Potatoes, 1970-1989 287
  14. USSR Soybeans, 1970-1989 287
  15. USSR Sunflowers, 1970-1989 287
  16. USSR Sugar Beets, 1970-1989 288
  17. USSR Refined Sugar Production, 1970-1989 288
  18. USSR Sorghum, 1970-1989 288
  19. USSR Cotton, 1970-1989 289
  20. USSR Oats, 1970-1989 289
  21. USSR Barley, 1970-1989 289
  22. USSR Corn for Grain, 1970-1989 290
  23. USSR Rice, 1970-1989 290
  24. USSR Wheat, 1970-1989 290
  25. USSR Rye, 1970-1989 290
  26. USSR Annual Food Consumption Per Capita, 1980-1989 291
  27. USSR Retail Sales Shares by Major Product Groups, 1980-1989 291
  28. USSR Production of Selected Food, 1970-1989 292
  29. Soviet Food Production, 1990 293
  30. Major Soviet Production, First Qrtr 1991 293
  31. Union and RSFSR Agro-Industrial Products, 1990-1991 295
  32. Food Production by Republic, Jan-Apr 1991 295
  33. Purchase of Milk by Republic, 1990 296
  34. Purchases of Livestock and Poultry by Republic, 1990 297
  35. Deliveries to All-Union Stock by Republic, Jan-Sep 1991 297
  36. Mown and Threshed Grain by Republic, 1991 298
  37. Purchases of Potatoes by Republic, 1989-1990 299
  38. Purchases of Vegetables by Republic, 1989-1990 299
  39. Azerbaijani Animal-Husbandry in the First Quarter, 1990-1991 299
  40. Azerbaijani Foodstuffs in First Quarter, 1990-1991 299
  41. Russian Food Output, 1981-1991 300
  42. Moscow Fruits and Vegetable Production, Jan-Jun, 1989-1991 300
  43. RSFSR and Baltic Agricultural Output, 1976-1988 301
  44. Long-Term Storage of Fruits and Vegetables in the Russian Republic, 1989-1990 301
  45. Ukrainian Agricultural Product Prices, 1990 301
  46. Ukrainian SSR Per Capita Per Year Food Production and Consumption, 1980-1988 302
  47. Average Annual Wheat Yields, Selected Countries, 1986-1990 302
  48. CPE Agricultural Data 302

XII TRANSPORT

  1. Transport Chronology, 1991 303
  2. USSR Volume of Freight and Passenger Transportation, 1970-1989 304
  3. USSR Railroad Transportation, 1970-1989 304
  4. Rail Safety Statistics, 1989-1990 305
  5. USSR Highway Transportation, 1970-1989 307
  6. USSR Air Transportation, 1970-1989 308
  7. USSR Inland Waterway Transportation, 1970-1989 308
  8. USSR Sea Transportation, 1970-1989 308
  9. USSR Petroleum Pipeline, 1970-1989 309
  10. USSR Natural Gas Pipelines, 1970-1989 309
  11. USSR Communications, 1970-1989 309
  12. USSR Motor Vehicles, 1990 310
  13. USSR Traffic Safety, 1980-1989 311
  14. USSR Private Automobiles by Republic, 1970-1988 312
  15. CPE and CEMA Transportation Data 312

XIII FOREIGN TRADE

  1. Foreign Trade and Aid Chronology, 1991 313
  2. Soviet Foreign Trade, 1985-1990 318
  3. USSR Foreign Trade, 1985-1990 319
  4. Soviet Foreign Trade by Country, 1989-1990 320
  5. Soviet Foreign Trade by Country, Jan-Mar 1991 324
  6. Soviet Foreign Trade, 1985-1990 327
  7. USSR-East European Trade, Jan-Aug 1991 328
  8. Soviet-French Trade, 1989-1990 328
  9. Estimated East European and Soviet Debt, Dec 1990 328
  10. USSR's Largest Debtor Countries, 1991 329
  11. USSR Fiscal and Trade Balances, 1985-1990 329
  12. USSR Money, Incomes and Prices 330
  13. USSR External Debt and Debt Service, 1985-1989 331
  14. USSR Hard Currency Trade, 1987-1990 332
  15. USSR Hard Currency Debt and Assets, 1986-1990 332
  16. USSR Exports and Imports by Republic, 1988 333
  17. USSR Budget Deficit and Increase in Money Supply, 1986-1990 334
  18. USSR Estimated Balance of Payments, 1975-1990 335
  19. USSR Estimated Debt to the West, 1975-1990 336
  20. USSR Oil and Petroleum Exports, 1989-1990 336
  21. USSR Joint Stock and Limited Liability Companies by Republic, Aug 1991 336
  22. Imported Food Cargoes in Seaports, 15 Dec 1990 337
  23. Foreign Partners in Soviet Joint Ventures, 1991 338
  24. Joint Ventures by Republic, 1991 339
  25. Joint Ventures by Sphere of Operation, 1991 339
  26. Joint Venture Export and Import Pattern, 1990 340
  27. Joint Venture Soviet Sales Structure, 1990 341
  28. Russian Federation Estimated Oil and Gas Exchange Rates, 1991 341
  29. USSR Foreign Travel to the Soviet Union, 1970-1989 342
  30. USSR Travel to Foreign Countries, 1970-1989 342
  31. Visitors to Soviet Union Through Intourist, Jan-Jun 1991 342

XIV FOREIGN AID

  1. Main Credits to USSR for Food Imports, 1990-1991 343
  2. Commercial Bank Loans to USSR, as of Sep 1991 344
  3. USSR Loans to Countries, as of Nov 1991 344
  4. Major Debtors to USSR, 1991 344
  5. Soviet Foreign Aid, 1986-1989 344
  6. Soviet Debt to the West, 1980-1990 345

XV SCIENCE, CRIME, MEDIA, EDUCATION

  1. Science, Technology and Space Chronology, 1991 345
  2. Ukrainian Contribution to Scientific and Technical Progress in USSR, 1971-1989 348
  3. USSR Science and Technology Figures and Comparisons 348
  4. Crime Chronology, 1991 349
  5. USSR Crimes by Type, 1989-1990 355
  6. USSR Crimes, 1989-1990 356
  7. USSR Criminal Social Statistics, 1989-1990 357
  8. USSR Capital Punishment, 1985-1989 357
  9. Murders by Republic, 1985-1989 358
  10. USSR Criminals by Republic, 1989-1990 358
  11. Solved and Unsolved Crimes by Republic, 1990-1991 359
  12. Republic, Krai, and Oblast Crimes, Jan-Sep 1990 360
  13. Criminal Activity by Republic, Oblast, Krai, Jan-Sep 1990 362
  14. Culture and Media Chronology, 1991 365
  15. USSR Print Media, 1970-1989 367
  16. USSR Movie Theaters, 1970-1989 367
  17. Central Newspaper Sales, Jan-Apr 1991 368
  18. Newspaper Subscriptions, 1991 368
  19. Principle Latvian Journals, 1991 369
  20. Principle Latvian Newspapers, 1991 369
  21. Principle Georgian Publications, 1991 370
  22. USSR Educational Attainment, 1970-1989 371
  23. Education Chronology, 1991 372
  24. USSR Student Enrollment, 1970-1989 372
  25. USSR Foreign Student Enrollment in Institutions of Higher Education, 1975-1989 372
  26. USSR Secondary School Graduates and Earned Degrees Conferred, 1970-1989 373

XVI NATIONALITIES

  1. Nationalities Chronology, 1991 373
  2. Proposed Commonwealth Structure, Dec 1991 394
  3. Recent Geographic Name Changes as of 1991 395
  4. Baltic Government Personnel, Dec 1991 395
  5. Seventy-Six Ethnic Flash Points, 1991 396
  6. USSR Referendum Participation and Results, 17 Mar 1991 399
  7. USSR Referendum Results by Republic, 17 Mar 1991 400
  8. Russian Federation Presidential Vote, 12 Jun 1991 403
  9. Ukrainian Referendum and Presidential Election Results, 1 Dec 1991 403
  10. USSR Population Growth by Nationality, 1959-1989 404
  11. USSR Population Information by Republic, 1989 411
  12. Births by Union Republic, 1989 415
  13. Life Expectancy by Union Republic, 1989 416
  14. Population by Union Republic Cities with Population Over 1 Million, 1989 417
  15. Nationalities of USSR Urban Population by Republic, 1989 Census 419
  16. Nationalities of USSR Rural Population by Republic, 1989 Census 430
  17. Nationality Composition by Union Republic, 1989 Census 441
  18. Distribution of USSR Peoples by Nationality, Native and Second Language, 1989 Census 452
  19. Children Born in Soviet Republics by Mother's Nationality, 1990 463
  20. Population Data 464
  21. Ukrainian Marriages by Nationality, 1988 464
  22. Ukrainian Population by Nationality and Native Language, 1970-1989 465
  23. Ukrainians in Other Republics, 1979-1989 466
  24. Ukrainian Birth-Death Rate by Oblast, 1989 467
  25. Ukrainian Average Lifespan by Oblast, 1988-1989 467
  26. Georgian Population by Social Groups, 1989 468
  27. Ethnic Composition of Vladivostok Population, 1979-1989 469

XVII SPECIAL TOPICS

  1. Obituaries, 1991 469
  2. Best Books of 1991 471
  3. Further Sources of Information 475

 

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